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Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"

X' ~— ,, 



LECTION 



J 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01723 9846 



GENEALOGY 
974 
N42NA 
1892 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2012 



http://archive.org/details/newenglandhistorv46wate 



THE 



I 

I \ 



NEW-ENGLAND 



HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL 



REGISTER 



189 



Volume XLVI 




BOSTON 

PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY 
1892 



.V 



g 9670P 



HENRY FITCH JENKS, A.M., FRANCIS HENRY BROWN, M.D., 
HENRY HERBERT EDES, ANDREW McFARLAND DAVIS, S.B. 
BENJAMIN APTHORP GOULD, LL.D. 



Wtoiiat. 
JOHN WARD DEAN, A.M. 

18 Somerset Street, Boston. 



\ 






INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Address, Foster's, on Gen. William Whipple, 92 

Alden Family, 269 

Alsop and Harlakenden, 369 

Alsop, Pedigree of, 3 >*'> 

America, Titled Families in, 91 

Ancestors, Maternal, of James Russell Lowell. 92 j 

Ancestry, English, of the Higginson Family, 117 

Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company 
Relic of, 398 

Autobiography of Major Gen. Daniel Denison 
1:27 

Bachiler, Stephen, 58, 15?, 24(3, 345 

Barton, John, 85 

Battles and Casualties of Mass. Regiment 
during the War id" the Rebellion, list of. 31 

Bible Family Records, 380, 274 

Biographical Sketches (see also Necrology) — 
Corey, Arthur Deioraine, 1('£ 
Cutts, Hampden, 297 
Dean, Sarah Bridges, 298 
Forsyth, Frederic. 205 
Gardiner, David Lion. 398 
King. Hannah (Cleveland), 293 
Osgood. James Ripley, 298 
Richardson, Charles Benjamin, 109 
Tra^k, Marv Fliery Rogers, 109 
Wheldon, William Gray, 206 
Withington, Elizabeth, 110 
Births, Dates wanted, 2/ 1 
Book Notices— 

Ad.ims's History of Braintree, Mass., 197 
Adams's Phases of Sexual' Morality and 

Church Discipline, 1.3 
Appleton's Merriam Family, 203 
Arnold's Vital Record of Rhode Island, 253 
Austin's Ancestral Dictionary, 105 
Bates's History of Westborough, Mass., 100 
Beckwith's Keckwivn Family, 202 
Bisuham's Bispham Faniily," 104 
Biaydes's Geneal 'gia Bedfordiefcsis, 93 
Booth's Booth Family. 2'j:i 
Breck's Magoun Family, 202 
Brockway's Brockway Family, 104 
Barrage's John Hancock, 101 
Carpenter's Hoagland Family, 292 
Ca*-'e-Browne's History of Boxlev Parish, 

En;?-, 410 
Clark's Stephens Family, 292 
Clutterbuck's Archives of Andover, Eng., 

197 ■ 

Conrad's Kunders Famiiv, 202 
Daniels's Historv of Oxford, Mass., 286 
Davis's Barbados in 1651, 414 
Davis's Capitulation to the French at 

Demerara, 4!4 
Davis's St. Kilts, 414 
De Forest's History of Westborough, Mass.. 

101 
Dimoud's Dimond Famiiv, 104 
Dudley's Dudlev Family, 202 
Eaton Family Reunion, 105 
Eaton's Church of England in Nova Scotia, 

100 
E^tabrook's Estabrook Family, 202 
Farnsworth's Farnsworth Family, 104 
Fields History of Haddam and East Had- 
dam, Conn.., 289 



Book Notices— 

Foundnfhm of the French Power in the 

West Indies, 4 14 
French on the name French, 414 
Genesis of the Massachusetts Town, 285 
Greenwood's ('apt John Elliott, 105 
Guild's Strobridge and Morrison Families, 

202 
Hakes on the Discovery of America, 413 
Hartweil Family Reunion, 105 
Hayden's Virginia Genealogies, 99 
Hayden's Washington Family, 102 
Higginson's Youi g Folks' History of the 

United States, 200 
Hills's First Re-union of the Hills Family, 

Hoar's Will of Charles Hoare of Gloucester, 

England 105 
Hooker's Reunion of the Hooker Family,105 
Hudson's Annals of Sudbury, Wayluni and 

Maynard, Mass., 100 
Hunt's Fragments of Revolutionary His- 
tory, 201 
Inscrintious on T< inbstones and Monu- 
ments a' Elizabeth, N. J,., 411 
Jewell's Spencer Family of Maryland. 201 
Journal by George Washington, while bur- 
veving in the Northern Neck of Virginia. 
292 
Kelk-y's Kelley Family, 293 
King's King Family, 2. 3, 414 
Kingsley's How Yale grew to be a National 

University, 102 
Kihgsley on Weedeh's Economic and Social 

History of New England, 102 
Labbertdn's New Historical Atlas and Gen- 
eral Historv, 103 
Ladd's Ladd "Family, 104 
Lane Genealogies, 292 
Lapham's Clason Family, 202 
Lapham's History of Bethel, Maine, 288 
Leavitt's Starkey and Lawrence Families, 

293 
Lee of Virginia, 203 
Memorial of Seymour W. and Fidelia (Hall) 

Baldwin, 101 
Merrill's Mifflin Family, 104 
More's More Family, 29? 
Moses's Mo.-es Family, 202 
Notes on the Gill Family, 292 
OUu Souvenir, 2*. '3 
Parkman's Montcalm and Wolfe. 201 
Pedigree of King ot Lynn, Mass,, 414 
Pelo'ubet's Records of I'eioubet Family, ?93 
Perry's Library an-i Cabinet of the Rhode 
Island Historical Society, 290 
j Perry's Official Tour in Tunis. 28J 

I Pierce's Forbes and Forbush Genealogy, 202 
j Putnam on the S'rince Family, 105 

Putnam's Monthly Hi*t orteal'Magazine, 221 
Putnam's Putnam Famiiv. 104., -93 
Ranek's Tra\ eilti g i hurch, 103 
Reade's Hildreth Family, 2V3 
Records of the b irst Church at Dorchester/?? 
Records of tie 1'emberton Family, 414 
Reunion of the Fatcn Family, 105 
Eexford's Kexford Family, 105 



IV 



Index of Subjects. 



Book Notices- 
Robinson's Vermont, 289 
Rodenbough's Autumn Leaves from Family 

Tree*, 202 
Rust's Rust Family, 104 
Ryland's Lancashire Church Notes and 

Tricking of Arms, 290 
Saunders's Columbus, -100 
Seccombe's Discourse on Business and 

Diversion, 4i:-t 
Sessions's Sessions Family, 104 
Sharpens Seymour, Conn., 289 
Sheppai d's Sheppard Family, 202 
Silsby's Tributes to .Shakespeare, 292 
Smith's John Smith Family, 105 
Sonierville Journal, Souvenir of the Semi- 
centennial, 291 
Southern Historical Society's Papers, 29C 
Stanton's Stanton Family, '.'02 
Stark on the Bahama Islands, 103 
Stoddard's Allen family, 292 
Taft Reunion, August l'l, 1891, 293 
Thomas's Thomas Family, 104 
Thurston Genealogies, 414 
Toner's Wills of the American Ancestors of 

General George Washington, 102 
Town Records of Manchester, Mass., Vol- 
ume II., 200 
Troup's >.'otta on Doctor Matthew SutcliJe, 

290 
Underwood's Pollard Family, 105 
Virginia Historical Society Proceedings, 411 j 
Walworth's Battles of Saratoga, 304 
Washington's Washington Family, 102 
Waters's Genealogical Cleanings in Eng- 
land, 291 
Weaver's Richard Bruton, 412 
Weaver's Thomas Chard, 412 
Weeden's Economic and Social History of 

New England, 102 
Weekes's H'eekos Family, 292 
Weeks's Lost Colony of Roanoke, 102 
Wheeler's. Wheeler and Warren Families, 

202 
Whitmore on Mother Goose's Melody, 201 
Winckiey Family, Additional Notes on the, 

293 
Winsor's Passant of ^airt Lusson, 412 
Woodward'.- Hartford Bank, 413 
Year Book of the Connecticut Society of the 
Sons of the American Revolution for 1831, 
199 
Year Book of the New York Society of the 
Sons of the Revolution, 199 
Boston, Original Documents relating.to, 121,254 
Boston, Siege of, &6 
Brentiyood, N, H., The Friends in, 252 
Bridgeware,--, Record of Marriages in East Par- 
ish of, 55, 107 
Buckminster, Martha (Vose), 271 

Centenary of Kentucky's Admission to the 

Union, 405 
Chandler, Query, 89 
Channing, Note, 179 
Chase, Isaac, Query, 400 
Christian Names of Marshall P. Wilder, 90 
Church, Query, 88 

Church Kegbters, Extracts from, 118 
Clarke, Richard, of Boston, 92 
Ciaybrooke, England, Extracts from Parish 

Registers, 1!8 
Connecticut Flection Sermons, 123 
Correction, John Tra-k, 91 
Crane, Henry, of Dorchester, Ma39., and some 

of his Descendants, 216 

Deacons of First Church, Dorchester, 183 

Deaths, 108, 205, 297 

Description of New England, A few Notes on \ 

Maverick's, 90 
Denison, 273, 352 | 

Denison, Daniel, Autobiography of, 127 
Denny, Samuel, Letter, 1778, 269 ! 



Descendants of Henry Crane of Dorchester, 216 
Descendants of George Lawrence, 149 
Diary, Ebenezer Dibble's, Extracts from, 399 
Dibble's Diary, Extracts from, 399 
Documents, Original, 1077-17'Jl, 172 
Documents, Original, relating to Boston, Mass., 

121, 254 
Dodge Family of Essex County, Mass., 383 
Dorchester, First Church, Deacons of, 183 
Dorchester, First Emigration to Windsor, 183 
Dorchester, Morton and Taylor Estates in, 78 

Early Military Order of Washington, 30 
Election Sermons, 123 

English Ancestry of the Higginson Family, 117 
Epitaphs- 
Lee, Thotras, 106 
Thomas, Azubah, 85 
Esther, 85 
Hannah, 85 
Robert Bailey, 85 
Wiiiiam, ^5 
Essex County, Mass., Inhabitants of, 1526-1800. 

275 
Estates in Dorchester. The Old Morton and 

Taylor, 78 
Exhibitions of Harvard College prior to 1800, 



Family Records, Bible, ISO, 274 

Fen wick Letters and Hartford Treaty, 354 

First Church Founded by New-Euglaud people 

in Kings Co., N. S., 219 
Foster's Address on Gen. Wdliam Whipple. 92 
Fountain, Aaron, Query, 400 
Friends in Brentwood, N. H., 252 

Genealogical Gleanings in England, 44, 151,299. 
Genealogical Queries, 400 [417 

Genealogies— 

Alsop, 368 

Brackenbury, 178 

Crane, 216 

Dodjje, 383 

Harlakenden, 369 

King, 370 

Lawrence, 149 

Otis, 211 

Femberton, 392 

Pratt, 173 

Star key, 144 

Street, 256 

Tren'ce, 173 

Wver, 178 
Genealogies in preparation — 

Chase, 405 

Chute, 276 

Coutant, 189 

Cutts, 276 

Dodge, 275 

Elder, 92 

Fairchild, 189 

Fountain, 405 

Glascock, 405 

Grosvenor, t7Q 

Lee, 189 

Markham, 276 

Mathewsou, 92 

OdeU,405 

Pillsburv, 189 

Poole, 189 

Savary. 189 

Sproule, 92 
Gerrymander, The, 374 
Gill Lineage, 212 

Gouiding, Palmer, Petition of, 215 
Great House at Strawberry Bank, 86 
Greene, Katharine, Query, 181 

Hackett, Query, 400 

Harlakenden Records, 369 

Hartford Treaty and Fenwick Letters, 354 

Harvard C"Hege, Exhibitions of prior to 1800, 

Heraldry, King, 84 [233 



Index of Subjects, 



Herrick Genealogy, 189 

Higginson Family, English Ancestry of, 117 

Hihlreth Family of Lowell, Mass., 275 

Historical Intelligence, 91, 1*>9, 275, 403 

Historical Memoranda, 8f> ■ 

Historical Societies, Proceedings of— 

Kansas State Historical, 193 

Maine Genealogical, 191, 277 

Maine Historical, 94, 192, 277 

New-England Historic Genealogical, 93, 190 

New-Haven Colon v Historical, 93 

Old Colon v Historical, 94, 191, 277, 405 

Rhode Island, Historical, 94, 192, 278, 406 

Virginia Historical, 192,278 

Wisconsin State Historical, 103 
History, Local, in Preparation, 190 

Taunton, Mass., 190 
Illustrations— 

Gerrymander, 377 

Skeleton of, 382 
Autographs : 

Fowler, Samuel Page, 339 

Healy, John Plummer, 207 

Jackson, Henry, 111 

Sewall, Joseph, 3 
Maps : 

Map of Essex County, Gerrymandered, 380 
Coast of Maine, 182, 272 
Portraits: 

Fowler. Samuel Page, 339 

Healy, John Plummer, 207 

Jackson, Henry, 111 

Sewall, Joseph, 3 
Tabular Pedigrees: 

A 1 sop, 306 

Burnell, 156 

Denis on, 353 

Jadwin, 312 

Lee, 72 

Moriey, 156 

Springett, 306 

Street, 256 

Willis, 329 [275 

Inhabitants of Essex County, Mas3., 1626 — 1800, 
Inquest upon the body of Lydia Pickering of 

Salem, 179 
Inscriptions, see Epitaphs. 
Intentions ol Marriage, Lincoln County, Me., 11 

Jackson, Col. Joseph, Portrait of, 271 

Jackson, Gen. Joseph, Query, 272 

Jacobs, Query, 400 

Jones, Richard Query, 131 

Judges who have "served 30 years or mere, 268 

Judicial Terms, Long, 2»37 

Kekamochange, Qu?ry, 131 

Kentucky's Admission to the Union, Centenary 

of, 4u5 
King Farniiv, 370 
King, Heraldry of, 84 
King's County, N. S., First 

New-England peopl 



Church founded by 
219 



Latham, 180 

Lawrence, George. Descendants of, 149 

Lechmere, Note, ISO 

Lee of Virguda, 64, iol 

Letter of Rev. Jonathan Mayhew to Richard 

Clarke, 15 
Letter Revolutionary of Col. Samuel Denny, 269 
Letters— 

Carv, Jonathan, 140 

Denison, Daniel, 127 

Denny, Samuel, 209 

Dummer, William, 25, 27, 228 

Feuwick, George, 356-358 

Gray, John, 25. 363 

Gyles, John, 232, 309 

Heath, Joseph, 28, 141 

Kinckes, Samuel, 29, 229 

Lee, Harry, 166 

Mather, Cotton. 115 

Mayhew, Jonathan, 15 



Letters— 

Mcintosh, Hen, 23 

Minot, John, 361 

Penhallow, John, 29 

Rotch, William, 174-177 

Schuyler, John, 14 2 

Veau'dreuil, Philippe de Rigaud, 26, 137 

Walford, Emma M., 53 

Washington, John, 51 

Wentworth, John, 363 

Westbrook, Thomas, 22-24, 26, 28, 29, 143, 
230, 231, 233 
Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and other?, 

22, 136, 226, WJ 
Lineage, Gill, 212 
List of Battles and Casualties of Massachusetts 

Regiments during War of the Rebellion, 31 
Local History in Preparation, 190 
Lowell, James Russeil, Maternal Ancestors of, 
92 

Maltby, Harriet Elizabeth, Query, 400 
Marriage, Intentions of, Lincoln Co., Me., 11 
3Iarriages, Records of, in East Parish of Bridge- 
water, 5-5, 167 
Maryland, sources of Genealogical Information 

in, 403 
Mass. Regiments during the War of the Re- 

hellion, list of Battles and Casualties of, 31 
Mass. Society for Promoting Agriculture, 181 
.Maternal Ancestors of James Kusseli Lowell, 92 
Mather, Cotton, and the Royal Society, 114 
Maverick's Description of New England, Notes 

on, 00 
Members of the New-England Historic Genea- 
logical Society, 457 
Memoirs- 
Fowler, Samuel Page, 339 
Healy, John Plummer, 207 
Jackson, Henry, 111 
Odeil, William Hunter, 20 
Sewall, Joseph, 3 
Memoranda, Historical, 86 
Military Order of Washington, 30 
Morenouso, Taber, {>S 
Morton and Taylor Estates in Dorchester, 78 

Narragansets, Hartford Treaty with, and Fen- 

wick Letters, 354 
Necrology of the New-England Historic Genea- 
logies. Society — 

Alien, Nathan, 281 

Allibone, Samuel Austin, 233 

Amory.. Thomas Coffin, 279 

Ballou, Frederic Milton, 282 

Cariton, William Tolman, 95 

Cushman, David Quimby, 281 

Dwight, Benjamin Wood bridge, 4€S 

Forbes, Robert Bennef, 280 

Huhbard. Fordvce Mitchell, 284 

Hutchings, William Vincent, 406 

Hyde, George Baxter, 408 

Marvin, Abijah Perkins, 283 

Nash, Gilbert, 194 

Pratt, Eieazer Franklin, 196 

Smithett, William Thomas, 284 

Squier ; Ephraim George, 194 

Storer, Henry Gookin, 96 

Torrey, Eberiezer, 196 
New England, Notes on Maverick's Description 

of, 91 
New England, The Starkovs of, 144 
Notes and Queries, 84, 17«', 267, 398 
Nova feeeua, First Church of New-England 
people, 213 

Odel!, Query, 400 
Oliver, Sote, 180 
Origin and Genealogy of the Hi'.dreth Familv 

of Lowell, Mass., Capt. Reade on, 275 
Origina] Documents, 1677-37dl, 172 
Original Documents relating to Boston, Mass.. 

121,254 
Otis Family of Montreal, 211 



VI 



Index of Subjects. 



Palmer, 88 

Parentage of Nicholas Street of New Haven, 

Conn., 2,">6 
Parish Krister?, 73, 75, 162, 258 
Peaslee, Note, 269 
Pedigree of Denison, 352 
Peirce, Abraham, Query, 400 
Perr.berton Family, 392 
Perry, Elisha, Query, 400 
Petition of Palmer Goulding, 215 
Pickering, Lydia, Inquest upon the body of, 179 
Pillsburv Family, Quarter Millenary, 91 
Poole, Henry, Will of, 244 
Portrait of Col. Joseph Jackson, 271 
Portraits wantec, 181, 271 
Pratt and Trerice, 173 
Property of Intended wife, Quitclaim to, 399 

Queries. 88, 180,269,400 

Quitcl aim to Property of Intended Wife, 39ii 

Reade, Capt., nn Hildreth Family, 275 
Reading, tterks. Eng., Parish Register, 92 
Recent Publications^ 107, 205, 293, 413 
Record of Marriages in East Parish of Bridge- 

water, Mass., 55, 167 
Records of Family Bible, ISO, 274 
Records of the Episcopal Church at Striughton, 

Mass... 14, 133, 351 
Register of St. Botolph, Bisbopsgate, London, 

Eng., 275 
Register of St. Mary's Parish Church, Reading, 

Berks., Eng., 92 
Relic of Ancient and Honorable Artillery Corn- 
pan v, 398 
Replies, 89, 181, 2:2, 401 

Rotch, William, Extracts from Letters of, 174 
Royal Society and Cotton Mather, 114 



Salisbury, Mr. and Mrs. Edward E., Fivmily 
History, 91 

Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, Corrections 
'and Auditions. 185 
Clarke, Nathaniel, 188 
Weymouth Families, 185 

Settlers" on St. George's River, 119 

Sewall, Key, Joseph, His Youth and Early 
Mawhood, 3 

Siege of Boston, 86 

Simancas Map and Weymouth's Discovery, 181, 
272. 401 

Sloei'.m, Query, 400 

St. Botolph Parish Register, London, Eng., 275 ! 

St. Mary's Parish Church, Reading, Berks., j 
Eng., Register of, 92 

Societies, Proceedings of. See Historical So- I 
oieties. 

Sources of Genealogical Information in Mary- 
land, 403 

Stoughtou Episcopal Church, Records of, 14, 
133, 351 

Starkeys of New England, 144 

strawberry Bank. Great House at, 86 

Street, Nicholas, of New Haven, Conn., Paren- 
tage Of, 250 

Taber— Morenouse, 88 
Terms, Long Judicial, 267 
Thomas, Robert Bailey. 85 
.Titled Families in America, 91 
Tra>ke, John, Correction, 91 
Traske, John, Senior, of Beverly, 39 
Trerice and Pratt, 173 
■Twining Family, Query, 400 

Union, Centenary of Kentucky's Admission to 
the, 405 

Yirginia, Lee of, 64, 161 

Warren and Waters, 87 
-Washington Ancestrv, 48 
Washington, Early Military Order of, 30 
■Waatangtonte Ycuth, 273 



Waterhouse and Whitehouse, 89 
Waters'? Genealogical Gleanings in England, 44, 
151, 299, 417 
Abington, John ('1692), 330 
Aldworth (Aldworthe), Krancis, (1623), «2 
John (1615), 441 
Margerie (H302), 410 
Thomas (159*), 440 
Alexander, John (16i'8), 331 
Allen, .James (1056 , 33 ) 

William (1647), 331 
Arayand, Isaac (1738), 332 
Anderson, Henry ( 1675), 334 

John (16:7;. 3 15 
Andrewes, Johane (1594), 333 
John (1648), 333 
Lancelot (1626), 418 
Aptacrpe, Edward (1643), 432 
John (1646), 433 
Simon (1653), 433 
Stephen (1615), 431 
Baker, John (1661), 303 

Nicholas (1753), 440 
Barnard, Elizabeth I Hitiy), 428 
Beale, Christopher (1651), 336 
Best, John (1(566), 44 
Bigge, John (1035), 435 
Bodes, John (1665), 336 
Bolton, Robert (1646), 316 
Bovey, Ursula (1643), 445 
Brett, Thomas ; 16:;6), o07 
Browne, Sara (1643), 337 

Susan (1626), 314 
Bulckley, Nathaniel, 3i i 
Buruell, Barbara (1631), 155 
John (1603), 154 
(1621), 155 
C/tropdfm. Elizabeth, viscountess (1643), 446 
Chadoner, William (1620), 442 
Clarke, Agnes (1647). 453 
Cox, William (1633), 425 
Coxe, Susann (1634), 425 
Curtis, Catherine (1622), 48 
De Butt, Giles (16si), 304 
Drake, Francis (15C-3), 310 
(1633), 310 
East, Nicholas (1649), 432 
Elbridge, Giles (164<), i43 
John (1646), 444 
Fenn, Robert (1655J,334 
Feme. John (1619), 431 
Fitch, Thomas (lt>32), 323 
Glover, William (h OS), 312 
Goitye, Edmund (1614), 319 
Grahme, Ranald (1679), 49 
Grigges, Richard (1664), 315 
Griggs, Thomas (1665), 315 
Grigson, Richard (1040), 151 
Guise, William (1640), 47 
Guyse, John (1614), 47 
Gyse, William (1650), 4S 
Harwood, Elizabeth (16*6), 433 
Hay ward, Elizabeth [1667), 448 
Higgtnson, Humphrie (1665-6), 452 
Hooke. Cici'y (1660), 448 

Thomas (1677), 448 
Jadwin, Elizabeth (1637), 311 
Kempster, John (16.86), 155 
Knigut, Francis (1616), 441 
Lane, Jeremie (1 £46), 435 

John (1638), 427 
Legge, William (1670), 50 
Mansfeilde, John (1601), 324 
Maplett, John (1670), i-53 
Marshall, Easter (iie«'er), 46 
Martin, Richard (1659), 45* 
Mott, Mark; (1630), 320 
Nash (Nasshe), Anthony (1622), 426 

Thomas (1642), 426 
Neve, Elizabeth (164 ! , -ho 
Parker, John (1639). 308 

Joseph (1642), 309 
Judith (16*9), 433 
Pennington, Mary (1680), .305 



Index of Subjects. 



vn 



Waters's Genealogical Gleanings in England- 
Pindar, Michael (1646), 445 
Quiney, Adrian (1692). 429 
Raymond, George (1617), 313 
Rogers, Joane (1640), 452 

Richard (1578), 449 
(1636), 450 
William (1625), 450 
Sadler, John (1658), 429 
(1698), 430 
Roger (1578), 424 
Smith, Alice (1584), 419 
(1632), 422 
Francis (16123). 421 
Smithe, John (1601), »23 
Smyth, John (1612), 420 
Spencer, Francis (1636), 435 
John (1656), 45 
Margaret (1636), 435 
Street, Richard 1 1626), 418 
Sylvester, Giles, 46 
Sym, John (1637), 316 
Tew, Richard (1673), 453 
Tomlins, Samuel (1661), 328 
Thomas (1665), 417 
Tookie, Ann (1671), 456 
Job (1669), 456 
Topping, Richard (1657), 336 
Wftite, Joseph (1669), 318 

Margaret (1675), 319 
Ward, Anne (1634), 317 

Edward (1646), 314 
John (1662). 315 
Nathaniel (1657)-, 319 
Warde, Edward (1620), 314 
Watson, John (1583), 420 

Robert (1563), 418 
Thomas (1567), 419 
Wayte, John (1664), 318 
West, William (1686), 434 
Willes, Richard (1597), 326 
Willis, Ambrose (15S9), 325 

Richard (1639), 326 
Willys, George (1644), 327 
Williams, Daniel (1711), 436 

Dighton and Lugg, 46 
Wflson, Thoma. (1657), 454 
Winge, Symon (1625), 153 
Wood, John (1615), 313 



Waters's Genealogical Gleanings in England- 
Woodward, John (1612), 48 
Wvllys, Richard (1529), 325 
Weeks, 87 

Whipple, Gen. William, Foster's address on, 92 
Whit.-on's Ray, 84. 

Wilder, Marshall P., his Christian Names, 90 
Willard, Query, 399 
Willoughby, Queries, 87 
Wills, Administrations and Abstracts- 
See also Waters's Gleanings. 
Bowber, Joan, 265 
Griffith, Thomas (1679), 77 
(1681), 78 
Grigson. John (1629), 73 
Hitchcock, Thomas (1578), 74 
Lee, Anne (1625), 73 
Folke (1611), 163 
Francis (1618), 72 
George (1605), 72 
Gilbert (1610). 162 
(1621), 165 
Hancock (1706), 75 
Humt'rie f 1645), 163 
Richard (1663), 68 
Waiter (1661), 164 
Leigh, Sarah (171 1), 75 
Lockey, Edward (1667), 154 
Elizabeth, 77 
John. 77 
Poole, Henry (1643), 244 
Shingleton, William, als. Lea, 74 
Speght, Thomas (1620;, 74 
Streat, Thomas (15><3), 263 
Streate, Joane (1620), 264 
Johane (1583). 263 
Nicholas (1616), 267 
Strentt, Johane (1566). 263 
Street, Marv (1625), 267 

Nicholas (1632), 264 
Streete, Nicholas (1606), 266 
Strete, John (1508), 265 
Marmaduke, 264 
Richard (1591), 263 
Robert (1536), 266 
Thomas (152-),265 
Windsor and Dorchester Churches., J83 
Woodbridge, 87 
Wyer and Brackenbury, 178 




Chi 



tCjttrdL. 



NEW-ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



JANUARY, 1892, 



THE KEY. JOSEPH SEW ALL, 



HIS YOUTH AND EARLY MANHOOD. 
By Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

"Instead of the fathers, the children." Such a succession used 
to show itself with almost the uniformity of law in the New-England 
churches, when the population was homogeneous, and before the 
emigration set strongly in from the country towns to the seaboard, 
and from the seaboard to the West, changing all the old condi- 
tions. Examples might be taken from nearly all the historic 
churches, which it would be interesting to collate and dwell upon. 
A reference to one of these churches — the Old South, in Boston 
— will illustrate the character of the succession to which we re- 
fer. The third minister of this church, the Rev. Ebenezer Pember- 
ton, was the child of parents whose names are enrolled among its 
founders, and he was baptized by its first pastor, the Rev. Thomas 
Thacher. The Rev. Joseph Sewall, who became Mr. Pemberton's 
colleague and successor, was a grandson of one of the founders, John 
Hull, and the son of a father who lived to complete fifty-three years 
of membership in the church, and he had himself been baptised by 
its second minister, the Rev, Samuel Willard. Mr. Sewall, in turn, 
baptized his son Samuel, and, on the fiftieth anniversary of his own 
ordination and installation, welcomed him to official relations with 
himself as deacon. Deacon Samuel SewalFs son-in-law, Samuel 
Salisbury, and his grandson, Josiah Salisbury, became deacons in 
the Old South in the years that followed; and his great-grandson, 
Edward Elbridge Salisbury, who, happily, still survives, was reared 
in and joined himself to the fellowship of the old church in which, 
from the days of John Hull to his own time, there had, in his line, 
I been a seed to serve God in all the generations. Other instances of 

the kind might be taken from the history of the same church. What 
we have recorded is introductory to a brief sketch of one person in 
the sacred succession, one link in the unbroken chain, which we have 
traced and followed, 

vol. xlvi. 1 



4 Rev. Joseph Sewall. [Jan. 

Joseph Sewall, eighth child and sixth son of Judge Samuel 
Sewall and his wife Hannah, daughter of John Hull, the mint- 
master, was born in Boston, August 15, 1(588. Four days later, 
he was baptized in the Old South Meeting-house by the Rev. Mr. 
Willard, and was named Joseph, "in hope3," wrote his father in 
his diary, "of the accomplishment of the Prophesy, Ezek. 37th 
and such like : and not out of respect to any Relation, or other per- 
son, except the first Joseph." Of his early childhood we have occa- 
sional glimpses in the same diary, of which we wiii give only one 
here : 

" 1692, Nov. 6. Joseph threw a knop of Brass and hit his Sister Betty 
ou the forhead, so as to make it bleed and swell ; upon which, and for his 
playing at Prayer-time, and eating when Return Thanks, I whipped him 
pretty smartly. When I first went in (call'd by his grandmother) he 
sought to shadow and hide himself from me behind the head of the cradle: 
which gave me the sorrowful remembrance of Adam's carriage." 

The name of Joseph Sewall appears in the catalogue of the Boston 
Latin School under date of 1696, but he could not have remained there 
long at that time, for, in the summer of the same year, he became 
a scholar of Mr. Peter Burr, and was under him for three years. 
After graduating at Harvard College (1690), Mr. Burr taught a 
private school in Boston for several years ; he returned to his native 
State, Connecticut, in 1699, and later became a judge of the 
Superior Court there. He joined the Old South Church, February 
4, 1693-4, with six others ; among them, Josiah and Abiah, parents 
of Benjamin Franklin. 

In one of Judge SewalFs account books, now belonging to the 
New-England Historic Genealogical Society, we find the following 
charges : 

Joseph Sewall D r 

1696. August, Began. 

1696-7 

Feb. 11. To M r Peter Burr for half a 

year's Schooling 1.00.0 

1697-8 

Jan. 2. To Cash pd. M r Burr for 

Schooling 1.10.0 

1698 

8r. 22 To ditto in full till Aug. 11th 

last past 30s 1.10.0 

1699 

Au2. 2.8. To M r Petei 



o 



y e breaking up his School ; 

which he saith is to be 

this week 2.00,0 

6.00.0 

This account, like many another in the good judged books, ia 
balanced " By profit and loss, freely given." t 



1892.] Rev. Joseph Sewall. 5 

TVe suppose that Joseph returned to the Latin School in the 
autumn of 1699, remaining there until he was ready to enter college. 
The long period of Ezekiel Cheever's head-mastership was drawing 
towards its close. In a letter to Mr. Burr, March 31, 1701, Judge 
Sewall wrote: "Joseph presents his service to you. I hope he 
thrives in his Learning ; yet I fear his genius is not so well under- 
stood by his present Instructors as was by you." 

On the resignation of Dr. Increase Mather as president of 
f Harvard College in 1701, Mr. Willard was made vice-president; 

and he would have been called to the presidency, but this involved 
the resignation of his pastorate in Boston and his removal to Cam- 
bridge, to which he would not consent. He was president of the 
College in all but name until after commencement in 1708. Of 
Joseph Sewall'8 departure from school and entrance upon college life 
at Cambridge, his father has left us the following details : 

1703. June 28. " I have my son Joseph to Cambridge in Austin's 
Calash, where he is examined by Mr. Jonathan Remington in presence of 
the President and M r Flynt. He answer'd well to 31 r Remingtons Critical 
Examination. M r Willard gave him for his Theme, Qmnis in Ascanio 
chari stat cura Parentis" 

July 5. " I had my son to Cambridge again in Austin's Calash. Paid 
Andrew Bordman [Steward from 1703 to 1747,] his Cautionary Three 
pounds, in order to my son Joseph's being Admitted. Went to M 1 Fiynt's 
Chamber, where Col. Wainwrigbt's Son [Francis] and others were upon 
Examination. When that was doing, and over, M r Willard eall'd for 
Joseph's Theme. Read it, gave it to M r Flynt. then in M r Fiynt's 
Study, The President and Fellows sign'd his Laws; President said, jour 
son is now one of us, and he is welcom. I thanked him: and took leave." 

July 24. " Joseph takes leave of his Master and Scholars in a short 
Oration." 

August 11. "I went to Cambridge to make sure a study for Joseph in 
M r Remington's Chamber." 

August 16. "In the afternoon I had Joseph in a Calash from Charles- 
town to Cambridge, carried only his little Trunk with us with a few Books 
and Linen; Went into Hall and heard M r Willard expound the 123 
[Psalm.] Tis the first exercise of this year, and the first time of Joseph's 
going to prayer in the Hall." 

August 23. " I went to Cambridge, to see Joseph settled in his study, 
help'd to open his Chest." 

Joseph Se wall's theme, written as part of his examination for 

college, has not been preserved ; but he copied into a book, which 

lies before us, several Latin themes, composed, as it would seem, 

during the spring of 1703. We give the subjects of these, because 

they throw some light upon the methods of instruction then in vogue 

in the Boston Latin School : 

Nihil est ab omni parte beatum. 

JVil non mortale tenemus. 

Omnium Eerum Vicissitude. 

Ver tempus anni jucundissi/mum. 

Nulla salus hello pacem te poscimus omnes. 

Begina pecunia quid non? 

Amor populi tutrta magistratuum 

Trahit sua quemque Voiuptas. 



6 Rev. Joseph Sewall. [Jan. 

Our good friend, the present master of the Latin School, to whom 
we have submitted these themes, and several short epistles also 
written in Latin at about the same time, speaks highly of all these 
productions, and says that he should regard them as very creditable 
to any boy, and especially so to one not yet fifteen years of age. 

We know little about Joseph Sewall's life while in college. In 
1706 he joined the church in Cambridge of which the Rev. William 
Brattle was then the pastor. In January of the same year, follow- 
ing the example of his father and his grandfather, he began to keep 
a diary (for the first year and longer in Latin),* and he continued 
the habit, with occasional interruptions, during the greater part of 
his life. As a diarist, however, he was far behind Samuel Sewall 
and John Hull. The manuscript volumes which he left behind him 
are most disappointing ; they mention few names, and fewer inci- 
dents, particularly during his residence in Cambridge, and contain 
little except a record of his daily spiritual exercises and experiences, 
with occasional notes of sermons by Mr. Brattle and others. He 
subjected himself to the most rigid introspection, analyzing his 
thoughts and motives with merciless severity ; arid he put upon paper 
the results of these microscopic observations, with catalogues of all 
his sins, those of omission and those of commission being separately 
classified. In reading his inexorable judgments upon himself, we 
have been reminded of what Macaulay says of John Bunyan and 
his harsh and unsparing self-accusations : * f Many excellent persons, 
whose moral character from boyhood to old age has been free from 
any stain discernible to their fellow creatures, have in their auto- 
biographies and diaries, applied to themselves, and doubtless with 
sincerity, epithets as severe as could be applied to Titus Oakes or 
Mrs. Brownrigg. It is quite certain that Bunyan was, at eighteen, 
what, in any but the most austerely puritanical circles, would have 
been considered as a young man of singular gravity and innocence." 

Mr. Sewall's class, that of 1707, closed its course of college study 
several months before commencement-day. On the fly-leaf of one 
of the diaries we find the following : 

" M r . Remington's Speech to his Pupills at their dismission March 5, 
1706-7. 

" 1. You know how you have spent your time; if idlely redeem the little 
that remains, for the eyes of your Parents are upon you; learning will be 
of use to you in every condition. 

"2. See you carry it decently and as becometh you, without haughtiness. 

"3. Come into Prayers duly; this will set an example to your Juniors; 
show that you do it for conscience sake. 

" 4. Beware of Drinking and Card Playing. These make the Colledge 
stink. 

* One of the "laws and liberties" of the College, which appears upon its records in 
the Latin as well as in the English language, was, " That the scholars shall never use their 
mother tongue, except that in public exercises of oratory, or such like, they be called to 
make them in English." _ i 

The first graduation exercise in the English language was at commencement, 1763. 



1892.] Rev. Joseph Sewall. 7 

" 5. Subordinate all other studies to that you especially apply yourself 
to. Get some Author's Scheme perfect. 

" 6. Above all Study Christ; there is great sweetness and profit in this 
Study. 

" Concl. I shall rejoice at your Prosperity and Welfare. " 

On the 28th of March, Judge Sewall tells us, Joseph " pronoun c'd 
his valedictory Oration." In his own diary, under this date, the 
young man says : "Assisted in pronouncing my oration. Praise 
God, and see you trust in him alone. God ordered it so as that I 
had not occasion for pride. Pray and see you do not expect applause 
from men." 

On the 8th of April, Judge Sewall writes again : 
" I go to Cambridge and carry Joseph a small piece of Plate to present 
his Tutor with. Bottom mark'd, March 5, 1706-7, which was the day his 
Tutor took Leave of them ; price 39s. 2d. View'd his Chamber in the 
President's House, which I like." 

Whether it w r as the custom at the period of which we are writing, 
for the regular studies of the Senior Class to terminate in the spring, 
and what the seniors did between March and July, we are unable to 
say ; but most, if not all, of them remained at Cambridge for post- 
graduate studies, after they had taken their first degree, and those 
who were expecting to enter the ministry studied divinity. The 
room which Joseph Sewall was now to occupy was in the house 
built by President Dunster " by solicitations among his friends and 
by personal sacrifices ; " * during the administrations of Dr. Mather 
and Mr. Willard, only a portion of it had been required for the 
president's use. It was pulled down to make way for the new 
building, Massachusetts Hall, erected in 1720. 

1707, April 15. " I discoursed a long time with Wigglesworth, Oaks, 
Webb, concerning our Christian duties, as forsaking the word wholly, 
living to and loving God, Christ, watchfullness over each other, &c." 

April 16. "The President's life and recovery and the College for their 
reformation and welfare are strongly to be prayd for." Joseph Sewall. 

July 2. " Commencement Day is fair and pleasant. . . . Got 
Joseph a Table, and Bread, which he wanted before. Went into the 
Meeting-house about 11. M* Willard pray'd. M* Wigglesworth began to 
dispute; before he had done, the Governor came; when the first Question 
was dispatch'd, the Orator was called forth: His Oration was very well 
accepted; I was concern'd for my son, who was not well, lest he should 
have fail'd ; but God helped him. . . . My Son held the first Ques- 
tion in the Afternoon ; Anima non fit ex Traduce. . . . My Son was 
the first that had a degree given him in the New Meeting house. . . . 
M r Willard made an excellent Prayer at Conclusion." Samuel SewalL 

• When, in the autumn of 16-54, President Dunster was removed from office because of 
"is repugnance to the rite of infant baptism, he pleaded pathetically with the General 
Court that he might not. be turned out of house and home as winter was approaching, and, 
m his " considerations," said : " The house I have builded, upon very damagefui conditions 
to myself, out of love for the College, taking country pay in lieu of bills of exchange on 
•England, or the house would not have been built; and a considerable part of it was given 
sae, at my request, out of respect to myself, albeit for the College." 
VOL. XLVI, 1* 



8 Rev, Joseph Sewall, [Jan. 

On the following clay, the Rev. Solomon Stoddard preached the 
Thursday lecture in Boston, and took occasion to speak against 
"excess in commencement entertainments." Whether he meant the 
public dinner or private "spreads" does not appear; but Judire 
Sewall's reference to a " table and bread " for his eon's use is 
suggestive. 

Mr. Willard went to Cambridge on Monday, August 11, at the 
opening of the autumn term, but was taken ill nnd was obliged to 
return to Boston before prayer-time. On the following day he felt 
so much worse that he sent his resignation to the Governor and 
Council orally by Judge Sewall. He continued in failing health 
until the 12th of September, when he died very suddenly. Mr. John 
Leverett was chosen to the presidency of the College on the 28th of 
October. 

November 3. " I visited M r Pemberton. Some of his instructions such 
as these. 1. Lay the foundation in Systematical! Divinity. 2. Church 
History profitable, Jewish Antiquities. 3. Academicall Studies now to be 
fixed in the memory so that they may be retain'd. ... 4. Get a 
knowledge of the arguments of every Chapter in Scripture, the time of 
writing, occasion &c. 5. Study not Divinity as Vintners taste Wine; apply 
it to yourself. M r Leverett commended for a President. 6. Natural] 
Philosophy good." Josepii Sewall. 

Mr. Leverett was installed on the 14th of January, and Edward 
Holyoke, of the Class of 1705, and Joseph Sewall, pronounced 
Latin orations. The latter took his second degree July 5, 1710.* 
His father's diary, which contains much more information about him 
than we can gather irom his own, gives the closing words of his 
thesis, the subject of which seems to have been, the Divine Authority 
of the Sabbath: — ideoqae etsi inaudiatur Lugduni Batavorum\ 
etsi enarretur Luletioi Parisiorum; etsi audiant JS'ostrates 
doctissimi, sive Oxonienses, sive Gcmtabrigienses ; attamen 
Clamabo, Sabbat tenuis Septenarius existit jure Divino, et 
immutabili, 

Mr. Sewall continued to reside in Cambridge until June, 1712, 
but we do not find his name on the list of tutors. He preached once 
or twice at the Old South, and once at Cambridge, before he took 
his master's degree ; and from time to time, during the next two 
years, he supplied the pulpits of the various pastors in Boston and 
neighboring towns. In more than one letter at this period, Judge 
Sewall speaks of his son as " a probationer in the work of the minis- 
try." In the Scotch Church, this name is given to a young man 
who holds a certificate from his professor, testifying to his good 
character and qualifications for preaching. Scott tells us that 
Dominie Sampson was a probationer in divinity before he became a 



* "When President Leverett died, in 1724, Mr. Sewall was invited to be his successor; he 
declined, and Mr. Colinan was chosen; he also declined, and the choice then re!! on Mr. 
Wadsworth of the First Church, Boston, win) accepted. Mr. Sewall was a member of the 
corporation of Harvard College from 1728 to 1765. 



1892.] Rev. Joseph Sewall. 9 

tutor in the family of the Bertrams. It was not until 1790 that 
clerical associations in Massachusetts assumed the function of " appro- 
bating" or "licensing'' young men to preach ; although, as the late 
Dr. Joseph S. Clark insisted, these associations have not claimed, 
and never rightfully can claim, the authority implied in the word 
"license." 

Early in December, 1711, Mr. Sewall went to Salem, and, as the 
result of his prea hing there, received an invitation to settle as pas- 
tor of a church about to be gathered in the middle district in that 
town. He says : "I declined it, though not without pain. Their 
expressions of love and respect were truly affecting and extraor- 
dinary." At the same time, or previously, there seems to have been 
a desire on the part of some to settle him at Brattle Street Church, 
Boston, as colleague with the Rev. Benjamin Colman, for whom he 
had preached several times. "September 23. Messrs. Coleraan, 
Palmer, Davenport speak to me about settling in their Church ; they 
say that the most seem to be inclin'd to it, tho as yet no Church 
Vote hath passed about it." We have found no other reference to 
this proposition, except the following in a letter addressed by Mr. 
Sewall to Mr. Colman from Cambridge, February 22, 1711-12: 

" I received your courteous Letter this morning, and could not read it with- 
out a deep sense of the great respect shewn me in it, which I must acknow- 
ledge to Be much above my merit. I humbly thank you and the Gentlemen 
concerned for the honor you did me in the privat motions, which your Letter 
makes mention of. I can't tell how God will dispose of me ; but desire to 
resign myself tc his care and Providence in all things. It will be a great 
satisfaction to me, if I may always enjoy that Affection which you are 
pleased so generously to express in your Letter ; and I hope I shall ever 
retain a gratefull Remembrance of it."* 

It was the policy of the Old South Church, during the first century 
of its existence, to have two pastors of like functions and with equal 
authority ; there were intervals of time when it had one only, yet it so 
happened that from the installation of Mr. Thacher in 1670 to that of 
Mr. Bacon and Mr. Hunt on the same day in the autumn of 1771, 
every minister who was settled there was settled as an associate. From 
Mr. Thacher's settlement until Dr. Sewall's death in 1769, the Church 
was never without at least one pastor. Since the death of Mr. 
Willard in 1707, Mr. Pemberton had been alone in the work; and, 
after Mr. Sewall began to preach, it was natural that his friends in 
the Church should think of him as a colleague. At a meeting, March 
19, 1712, two candidates were put in nomination, Mr. Sewall, and 
Mr. Joseph Stevens, afterward of Charlestown ; at a succeeding 
meeting, April 25th, the former had forty-seven votes, and was 
chosen, and the latter had twenty. Early in the summer of this 

* See SetcalFs Letter Book, Vol. I., pp. 414, 415. Three years later, the Rev. William 
Cooner was settled as colleague pastor at Brattle Street. His wife was Judith, youngest 
child of Judge Sewall. 



10 Rev. Joseph Sewall. [Jan, 

year Mr. Sewall had a severe illness, and his formal acceptance of 
the call was not presented to the Church until October. His ordi- 
nation did not take place until the autumn of the next year. In the 
great fire of October, 1711, the First Church and Congregation lost 
their meeting-house, and for the next year and a half they worshipped 
at Brattle Street and the Old South ; their two ministers, Mr. Wads- 
worth and Mr. Bridge, preaching alternately at the two places with 
Mr. Colman and Air. Pemberton. While this pleasant arrange- 
ment continued, Air. Sewall's services were not required at the Old 
South ; but after the completion and occupancy of the new house of 
worship, which came to be known as the Old Brick, A lay, 1713, 
Mr. Pemberton, whose health was poor, needed the assistance of his 
colleague-elect, and preparations were made for the ordination of the 
latter. This took place on the 13th of September, Air. Sewall 
having supplied the pulpit in turn with the older minister during the 
summer. Drs. Increase and Cotton Alather took part in the ser- 
vices, and Air. Pemberton gave the charge, in the course of which 
he made a strong plea for the antiquity and validity oi* New England 
ordination. Air. Sewall preached the sermon, according to the 
custom of the time, and a version of the twenty-third Psalm was 
sung by the congregation. The young pastor, who had just com- 
pleted his twenty-fifth year, preached on the next Sunday from the 
text, "Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sins of the 
world." The ministry thus auspiciously entered upon continued t 

without interruption for fifty-six years. Its history is recorded else- 
where, and we will make no reference to it. here, except to say a 
word, in passing, of the colleague pastorate of Air. Sewall and Air, 
Thomas Prince, — friends from youth and college classmates, — which 
lasted from 1718 until the death of the latter in 1758, — "furnishing 
an example," says Dr. Wisner, " of mutual affection and union of 
purpose and pursuit, to which the annals of collegiate charges will 
be searched for a parallel, I fear, almost in vain." 

On the 29th of October, 1713, Air. Sewall was married by Air. 
Pemberton to Elizabeth, daughter of the Hon. John Walley, for 
many years an associate of Judge Sewall on the bench of the Super- 
ior Court of Judicature of Alassachusetts Bay, and a very distin- 
guished man. Air. Pemberton having moved into the new parsonage 
at the head of Milk Street, Air. Sewall and his bride took possession 
of the old parsonage on the Green, the historic building in which 
Governor Wintlirop, the Rev. John Norton and Air. Willard had 
lived and died. 

We present a portrait of Air. Sewall after a picture painted by 
John Smibert, a Scotchman, who came to New England in 1728, 
and to Boston in 1730, in which latter year he became a member of 
the Old South Church. Air. Sewall was then forty-two years old, 
and this seems to be about the age represented in our portrait. 
Sraibert was the first portrait painter of any skill whom Boston had 



1892.] Marriages hi Lincoln Co., Me. 11 

known. In later years he went to the West Church, of which the 
Rev. William Hooper was then the minister. His portraits of the 
two ministers of Brattle Street Church, Mr. Column and Mr. 
Cooper, are familiar to us all in the engravings of Peter Pelham, 
the step-father of Copley. 



INTENTIONS OF MARRIAGE—LINCOLN CO., MAINE. 

Communicated by Benjamin N. Goodale, Esq., of Saco, Me. 

[The second date, where it occurs, is the endorsed daie of marriage]. 

I SEND some old Lincoln County intentions of marriage. They 
were among papers in my care. I do not know if they are on 
record, but probably most of them are. They may be of use to 
somebody. 

Readjield. — Feb. 5, 1792. — Mr. Jeremiah Ellsworth. 

Miss Sally Doddge of Miriletown. 
Harp&weU.— Jan. 10, 1793.— Mr. Daniel Webber of H. 

Mrs. Abigal Sylvestor of Pownalborough. 
Bristol — Sept. 26, 1794. — Mr. Stephen Stewart of B. 

Miss Doley Horin of Pownalborough. 
Edgecomb. — Nov. 12, 1794. — Solomon Gove Jua r . 

Rath Baker, both of this town. 
Dresden. — May 18, 1795. — Mr. Stephen Munro Junior. 

Miss Mary Stilpiien, both of D. 
New Milford. — Aug. 17, 1798. — Mr. David Vinicg. 

(JaD. 14). — Mrs. Jenny Gonell, both of New M. 
Pittston. — Jan. 19, 1792. — Mr. Thomas Palmer. 

Miss Sarah Parsons of Newcastle. - 
" Jan. 14, 1793. — Mr. Joshua Folingsby Little. 

Miss Rebekah Dow, of Balls Town. 
" Sept. 30, 1794.— Mr. Joseph Pulcifer Jun r . 

Miss Mercy Brown, of Bailstown. 
" Nov. 10, 1794.— Mr. Jonathan Moody. 

Miss Sally Palmer, both of P. 
" Dec. 4, 1797.— Mr. Samuel Palmer. 

Miss Abigal Pratt, both of P. 
WiscasseL—Jfm. 9, 1799.— Mr. William Wyman. 

(m. Jan. 10, 1799). — Miss Nancy Coffin, both of this town. 
WiscasseL— Mar. 24, 1804.— Mr. Thomas DorreL 
(Ap. 14).— Mrs. Elizabeth Todd. 
" June 23, 1804.— Mr. Francis Seuil. 

(June 23, 1804).— Mrs. Hannah Chace, both of W. 
" Dec. 19, 1804.— Mr. Michael Wharton. 

(Dec. 20, 1804).— Miss Betsey Grover, both of W. 
Bailstown.— Feb. 24, 1791.— James Wears. 

Elizabeth Cunningham, both of B. 









i 












12 Marriages in Lincoln Co., Me. [Jan. 

BaUstown.—'NoY. 5, 1792.— Mr. John McCurdy. 

(Dec. 13). — Mrs. Mary Reves, both of this plantation. 
" Dec. 20, 1792.— Mr. Moses Noyce, of Ballstown. 

(Jan. 17, 1793).— Mrs. Sarah Kiah, of Pownalborough. 
" Dec. 28, 1792.— Mr. William Heel. 

(Jan. 10, 1793). — Mrs. Susannah Shepherd, both of this planta- 
tion. 
« Jan. 14, 1793.— Mr. Jacob Rowell. 

(Jan. 17, 1793). — Mrs. Lucia Vining, both of this plantation. 
" Feb. 4, 1793. — Mr. Joshua follensbury Little, of Pittstown. 

Mrs. Rebekah Dow, of this plantation. 
u Mar. 18, 1793.— Mr. Timothy Plumer. 

Mrs, Hannah Hutcbins, both of this plantation. 
" Mar. 28, 1793.— Mr. Winthrope Weeks. 

Mrs. Hannah Hogskins, both of this plantation. 
" Sept. 26, 1793.— Mr. Nehimiah Blake. 

(Nov. 15, 1793).— Mrs. Anna Tibetts, both of Great Pond Set- 
tlement. 
" Oct. 22, 1793.— Mr. James Reves Jun. 

(Jan. 3, 1794). — Mrs. Lucia Trask, both of this plantation. 
« Dec. 13, 1793.— Mr. John James. 

(Jan. 2, 1794). — Mrs. Sarah Hutcbins, both of Great Pond 
Settlement. 
« Mar. 8, 1794.— Mr. Abner Ford Jun. 

(Mar. 10, 1794). — Mrs. Susannah Fowles, both of this plantation. 
« Aug. 11, 1794,— Mr. John Parker. 

Mrs. Lydia Rollens, both of B. 
" Sept. 20, 1794.— Mr. George Manson. > 

Mrs. Susannah Coopper. 
" Oct. 4, 1794.— Mr. Michael Glidden. 

(Oct. 10, 1794).— Mrs. Sally Hankley, both of B. 
" Oct. 20, 1794.— Mr. Joseph Pulsepher Jun r of Pittstown. 

Mrs. Mercy Brown, of B. 
Nov. 15, 1794.— Mr. Ebenezer Rollens. 

Miss Hannah Aulny, both of B. 
" July 29, 1795.— Mr. James Peasley. 

Mrs. Ruth Peasley, both of this plantation. 
" Sept. 16, 1795.— Mr. Solomon Potter. 

Mrs. Rachel Bartlett, both of this plantation. 
" Nov. 16, 1795.— Mr. Ezra Baley, of Newmillford. 

(Nov. 23 or 24). — Mrs. Nancv Heath, of this plantation. 
" feb. 15, 1796.— Mr. Jacob Rowell. 

Mrs. Hannah Reves, both of this plantation. 
" Mar. 10, 1796.— Mr. John Woodman Jr. 

Mrs. Betsey Bourn, both of this plantation. 
" Mar. 10, 1796.— Mr. Jonathan Peasley. 

Mrs. Katherine Murphy, both of this planta- 
tion. 
" Mar. 17, 1796.— Mr. Nathan Longfellow Jun., of this planta- 

tion. 
(Mar. 31). — Mrs. Elizabeth Jewett, of Newmilford. 
" Mar. 22, 1796.— Mr. Daniel Hay ward. 

Mrs. Hannah Greenlief, both of this planta- 
tion. 



1892.] Marriages in Lincoln Co., Me. 13 

Ballstown. — May 14, 1796. — Mr. James Murphy Jun r . 

Mrs. Rebekah Laitain, both of this plantation. 
" Sept. 4, 1796. — Mr. Nathaniel Noyce, of this plantation. 

Mrs. Anna (Currier ? ) of Newmillford. 
Pownalboro. — Ap. 18, 1791. — Mr. Joel Pelton, of Seven mile Brook. 

Mis3 Anna Cottra, of P. 
Pounalbour . — Mar. 10, 1792. — James Norrass. 

Mary Eckorn. 
Pownalboro.— Oct, 30, 1792. — Mr. Asa Smith, Jun r . 

(Nov. 29, '92).— Miss Nancy Singelton, both of P. 
" Dec. 3, 1792. — Mr. Isaac Brawn. 

(Dec. 25, 1792). — Miss Betsey Coockson, both of Ballstown. 
" Jan. 14, 1793. — Mr. Moses Noyes, of Ballstown. 

(Jan. 17, '93). — Miss Sarah Currier, of Pownalborough. 
" Jan. 16, 1793.— Mr. Daniel Webber Jun r ., of Harps well. 

(Jan. 24). — Miss Abigail Sylvester, of Pownalborough, 
" Jan. 21, 1793.— Mr. Nathan Dow. 

Miss Betsey Prible, both of Pownalborough. 
" Ap. 12, 1793. — Joseph Arnold, of Pownalborough. 

Betsey Whittin, of (Great Pond so called). 
" Sept. 3, 1794.— Mr. William Hodge. 

Miss Polly Avirell, both of Pownalborough. 
" Nov. 26, 1794,— Mr. Stephen Stewart, of Bristol. 

Miss Dolly Horn, of Pownalborough. 
" Nov. 2, 1795.— Mr. Joseph Carleton Jun r . 

Miss Rebecca Erskin, both of Pownalborough. 
" May 15, 1800.— Mr. Moses Owen. 

(May 15, 1800). — Mrs. Ami Herrington, both of Pownalbor- 
ough. 
« Ap. 6, 1801.— Mr. Peter Johnson. 

(Ap. 7, 1801). — Miss Polly Lake, both of Pownalborough. 
New Castle. — Mar. 15, 1790. — Mr. John Bradstreet, of Sheepscut great 

Pond. 
Abigail Gleddin, of Ball-Town. 
" Sept. 29, 1790.— Mr. Daniel Clough. 

(Oct. 19). — Miss Jude Greely, both of this Town. 
" Nov. 13, 1790.— Joseph Bartlet. 

(Nov. 18). — Nancy Muney, both of Ball-Town. 
" Nov. 30, 1790.— Mr. Benjamin Plumer. 

(Dec. 16).— Miss Nancy Bevis, both of Ball-Town. 
" Dec. 21,1790.— Mr. Francis Choat. 

. Miss Susanna Heath, of Ball-Town. 
" Feb. 24, 1791.— Mr. James Wier (endorsed Wyer). 

Miss Betsey Cuningham, both of Ball-Town. 
" Sept. 1, 1791. — Mr. Ebenezer Fiibrook (endorsed Phill- 

brook). 
Sarah Osborn, both of Ball-Town. 
« Sept. 29, 1791.— Mr. Benjamin Noice (endorsed Noyce). 

-Miss Lois Turner, both of this town. 
" Dec. 31, 1791.— Mr. Isaac Davis. 

' Miss Elizabeth Boyaoton, both of Ball-Town. 
« Jan. 24, 1792.— Thomas Palmer, of Pitts Town. 

Sarah Parsons, of this Town. 






























. 



14 episcopal Records at Stoughton. [Jan. 

New Castle.— Mar. 28, 1792.— Mr. John Huchings. 

Miss Joanna Weeks, both of Sheepscut Pond. 
« Mar. 6, 1794.— Mr. John Bumford. 

(Mar. 6, '94).— -Miss Polly Averel. 
" Dec. 18, 1794.— Mr. Jacob Creesey. 

Miss Polley Quisrg, both of this town, 
« Dec. 27, 1794.— Mr. William Maicher. 

Miss Abigail Berstow, both of this Town. 
" Mar. 23, 1796.— Mr. Edward Parsons, of New Milf&rd, 

(endorsed Pearson). 
Miss Phebe Quigg, of this Town. 



RECORDS OF THE EPISCOPAL CHURCH AT STOUGHTON, 

MASS. 
[From a manuscript copy in the possession of the N.-E. Historic Genealogical Society.] 

These records were kept chiefly by the Rev. William Clark, a 
missionary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts. The original was formerly in the possession of the 
late Rev. Samuel B. Babcock, D.D., of Dedham, Mass. 

Baptisms. 

May 29, 1791. — Mary Rengamina Wbodbridge of Abel & Anna Alleyne. 

Richard Lewis of — Rebeeca Chanler. 

May 15, 1792.— Hariot Bradley Fulton born Nov. 6, 1789. 
August, 1792. — Esther of John & Rebecca Sprague. 
Nov. 14, 1792. — Thomas Harbin of Abel & Anna Alleyne. 

Sept. 5, 1793. — Charles of and Rebecca Chanler. 

Aug. 24, 1794. — Sarah Hannah Boise of Abel and Anna Alleyne, 

June 23, 1794. — Clarisa of Jeremiah and Nancy Brown. 

Feb. 25, 1794. — Maria of Samuel and May Nickolson. 

July 29, 1794.— Nathan of Nathan & Ruth Kingsbury. 

July 25, 1794. — Joseph C. of David & Ruth Noyes. 

Mar. 8, 1795. — Elizabeth Delene of John and Rebecca. Sprague and 

Lawrence of John and Rebecca Sprague. 
June 4, 1795. — John Martin of John and Jane Stafford. 
Aug. 11, 1795. — Thomas of Thomas and Eunice Crehore and 

Eunice of Thomas and Eunice Crehore. I 

Nov. 8, 1795. — Tila of Josiah and Tila Hayden. 

George of Richard and Tila Clark. 

Lydia of Richard and Tila Clark. 
Apr. 7, 1796. — Martha Fisher of Nathan & Ruth Kingsbury. 
July 20, 1796. — Abel Dudley of Abel ac Anna Alleyne. 
Nov. 8, 1795. — Tila Hayward of Richard and Tila Clark (omitted above). 

Aug. 21, 1796. — Elizabeth of and Rebecca Chanler. 

June 6, 1796. — Kata of Ezekiel & Mary Kingsbury. 

Daniel of Ezekiel and Mary Kingsbury. 

Ezekiel of Ezekiel and Mary Kingsbury 
and Joel of Ezekiel & Mary Kingsbury. 

£To be continued.] 












. 









• 



















1892.] Letter of Rev. Jonathan May hew. 15 



LETTER OF REV. JONATHAN MAYHEW TO RICHARD 

CLARKE, 17(55. 

Communicated by Daniel Denison Slade, M.D., of Chestnut Hill. 

There mental freedom first lier power displayed 

And called a Mayhew to religion's aid. 
For this great truth, he boldly led the van, 

That private judgment iras a right of man. 

The following letter from Dr. Jonathan Mayhew to Richard 
Clarke, Esq., was recently found among some of my ancestral pa- 
pers. It probably has never been read by any beyond the immediate 
family circle of him to whom it was addressed. It would certainly 
seem unnecessary in this connection to give more than a passing 
notice of the parties concerned, so well known must they be to the 
generality of the readers of the Register. Dr. Jonathan Mayhew 
was, at the date of the letter, pastor of the West Church in Boston. 
He was admitted by all to be a man of great sincerity and purity, 
as well as of boldness and independence in the expression of his 
views. The clergy of his day were generally friends of civil liberty, 
and Dr. Mayhew was one of the most ardent and active among 
them. It was he that preached the famous sermon in 1750, on the 
Sabbath following the anniversary of the death of Charles I., which 
was very properly then called j< the morning gun of the Revolution." 

The Sunday before the riots in Ajgust, 1765, caused by the 
arrival of the stamped papers, he preached from Galatians v. 12, 13, 
"I would they were even cut off which trouble you. For brethren, 
ye have been called unto liberty ; only use not liberty for an occa- 
sion to the flesh ; but by love serve one another." It was at some 
expressions used in this discourse that Mr. Richard Clarke, one of 
his parishioners, took offence and afterward absented himself from 
the church, as shown by the letter here published. 

In 1756 Dr. Mayhew was married to Elizabeth, daughter of John 
Clark, Esq., of Boston, by whom he had two children. His un- 
timely death at the age of 44, and in the'20th year of his ministry, 
was a severe loss to the cause of civil and religious liberty, as well 
as to his immediate family and friends, and to his society who con- 
sidered his death as almost irreparable. One of his cotemporaries 
in the ministry thus speaks of him : "Of a noble genius, acquainted 
with the best learning, a most laborious student, a polite writer, a 
strong defender of the rights and liberties of the state and church, 
and notwithstanding his different sentiments from me, I esteem him 
a truly pious, benevolent and useful man." 

VOL. XLVI. 2 



16 Letter of Rev. Jonathan Mayhew. [J 



an, 



Kichard Clarke, son of William and Hannah (Appleton) Clarke 
of Boston, Mass.,* and of a distinguished ancestry, was born 11 
May, 1711, graduated at Harvard College in 1729, established 
himself in Boston as a merchant, and was one of the consignees to 
whom the India Company consigned some cargoes of tea, that occa- 
sioned so much trouble before the Revolution. May 3, 1733, he married 
Elizabeth Winslow, a daughter of Isaac Winslow. He lived in 
School Street, opposite King's Chapel, and in consequence of the 
part he took in respect to the tea, became very obnoxious to the 
citizens of Boston, and his house was in the night attacked by a 
mob who broke his windows. In consequence of these troubles in 
1774 he went to Canada, and from thence to London. Here he 
lived with his son-in-law John Singleton Copley, the painter (who 
had also left this country), till his death in 1790, in his 80th year. 
He was reported to be a man of great intelligence and worth, but 
like some others took side with the royal party in the civil contests 
of the day, and for his services, subsequently received a pension 
from the British government. He had several children. Of the 
daughters, Hannah married Henry Bromrield of Harvard, Sarah 
married Charles Startin and lived in New York and Philadelphia. 
Elizabeth married a Mr. Barrett, and Susannah married Copley the 
artist, — passing their early years in a house on Beacon Street, which 
stood on the site of the present Somerset Club House, being the 
more westerly of the two houses which stood on the Copley estate, 
according to the best evidence which I have. His son Isaac TV. 
Clarke removed to Canada, became there commissary general, mar- 
ried twice and died in Montreal in 1817, at the age of 81. 



Boston, Sept. 3, 1765. 

Dear Sir, 

I was twice at your House one evening last week. The first time, I 
perceived you was much offended with me on Ace' of a Sermon which I 
preached the Lord's day preceeding. The second time, by your declining 
to give me your advice, which I asked, about putting something which I had 
written, in the public prints, relating to that very unhappy Affair, I concluded 
in my own mind, that you was determined wholly to break with me, and 
to leave the meeting. This, which was then but a conjecture, seems to be 
put beyond doubt, by your absence, and that of your whole family, the last 
Lord's day, and your going to other meetings; as you and they had doubt- 
less good right to do, either then or before, if you thought proper. 

It was my determination, when I first settled in the ministry, never to 
invite any one to be my Hearer, who had not been so, or to request^ any 
one to re*turrh who had forsaken my ministry, after having had experience 
of it. In this resolution I still remain fixed, as a reasonable one for any 

* The late Jonathan Peele Dabnev, A.M., in an article on "Graduates of Harvard 
originating from Salem " iu the Register, vol. v. pase 49, erroneously calls Richard 
Clarke a son of Francis Clarke. Among the children of Francis Clarke of Salem, as given 
Ly Henry F. Waters, A.M., in the Collection of the Essex Institute, vol. 16, page 270, tho 
name oi William is not found. — Editor. 



1892.] Letter of Rev. Jonathan Mayhew. 17 

minister, at least in this town, where people have such a variety to cbuse 
out of, according to their own inclination or convenience. But still I think 
myself bound as a christian, as far as I am able, when any one who was 
once a brother, is offended with me, to remove the ground of his uneasi- 
ness, and to give him all the satisfaction in my power; that so, if a recon- 
ciliation does not ensue, I may have no just cause to blame myself for the 
continuance of the alienation. 

It is with this view, Sir, that I now write to you. I readily acknowl- 
edge, what I was not so well aware of before, that it was a very unfortu- 
nate time to preach a sermon, the chief aim of which was to show the im- 
portance of Liberty, when people were before so generally apprehensive of 
the danger of losing it. They certainly needed rather to be moderated and 
pacified, than the contrary : And I would freely give all that I have in 
the world, rather than have preached that sermon ; tho' I am well assured, 
it was very generally liked and commended by the hearers at the time of it. 

The case was this: I had in company, before, often heard the ministers 
of this town in general blamed for their silence in the cause of liberty, at 
a time when it was almost universally supposed, as it still is, that our com- 
mon liberties and rights, as British subjects, were in the most imminent 
danger. They were called cowards, and the like. And I had myself, for 
weeks, nay, for months before Aug. 25, been solicited by different persons 
to preach upon that subject, as one who was a known friend to liberty ; and 
was in some measure reflected upon, as not having that good cause duly at 
heart, at this important crisis. This was a reproach, which I knew not 
well how to bear; and this, however insufficient a reason it might be, was 
yet the true reason of my preaching the sermon aforesaid ; and dropping 
some cursory hints relative to the same point, in one or two discourses that 
preceeded it. You well know, Sir, the general temper of the town. Prov- 
ince, and all the colonies, then and now, respecting the Stamp-act. And 
tho' I do not by any means justify the expediency of preaching on the sub- 
ject at all, which I now think was very ill judged; yet candid persons will 
make some allowance for me, if I was too far carried away with the com- 
mon current. So much for the expediency, or rather inexpediency, of 
preaching at all upon the subject at that time* 

As to the sermon itself, I own it was composed in a high strain of 
liberty; tho', I humbly conceive, not higher than is warranted by the 
principles of the glorious revolution ; one part of it being considered in its 
proper connexion with another ; tho', very probably, there might be some 
improper & unguarded expressions in it. But certain I am, that no per- 
son could, without abusing & perverting it, take encouragement from it to 
go to mobbing, or to commit such abominable outrages as were lately com- 
mitted, in defiance of the laws of God and man. I did, in the most formal, 
express manner, discountenance everything of that kind. And here I shall 
take the liberty to lay before you two or three extracts of the said sermon, 
which, possibly, you might not particularly attend to at the time, having 
your thoughts much engaged on other matters. Speaking of the nature of 
civil liberty, I expressed myself in the words following : 

" Civil liberty supposeth men to be united together in civil society, or a 
body politic; since they who continue in that, which is usually called a 
state of nature, can with no propriety be said to enjoy civil liberty. 

"It supposeti* also, that men, for the sake of common good, and mutual 
security, give up some part of their natural liberty, or the right which they 
have in a state of nature, to act as they please, each individual for himself. 



18 Letter of Rev. Jonathan Mayhew. [Jan. 



" It supposeth the restraint of laws, some persons to govern, and some to 
be governed. For people do not enjoy civil liberty, where each individual 
does what is right in his own eyes, without any regard to law, or the opin- 
ions & rights of others. This is a state of anarchy & confusion; as distant 
from a state of civil libery as slavery itself, in which it often, indeed, termi- 
nates, one extreem leading to another, seemingly the most opposite to it." « 

Afterwards, in explaining that clause of the text — ''Only use not liberty 
for an occasion of the Mesh," I expressed myself as follows — 

" They use liberty for an occasion of the flesh, who, under color or pre- 
text of liberty, deny the God that is above, or reject & blaspheme the true 
religion. For how free soever men may be, they are not without law to 
God, but under the law to Christ. 

'•They use liberty for an occasion to the flesh, who, under color of it, 
allow themselves in the practice of fleshly lusts, or in any immoral & sinful 
actions : No man having any right to do what is wrong & evil, contrary to the 
express law of God, or the law & light of nature; which are obligatory 
upon all men. 

"They use liberty for an occasion to the flesh, who, under color of it, 
disregard the wholesome laws of Society, made for the preservation of y c 
order, and common good, thereof. 

k * They use liberty for an occasion to the flesh, who causelessly & mali- 
ciously speak evil of their rulers ; endeavoring to make them appear odious 
or contemptible, or to weaken their influence, and proper authority, in their 
several stations. 

"Still more do they use liberty for an occasion to the flesh, who cause 
factions or insurrection against the government, under which they live, and 
who rebel against, or resist their lawful rulers, in the due discharge of their j 

othces. We ought to be subject, not only for wrath, or for fear of the 
wrath of man, but also for coucience sake. For government was instituted 
by God for the good of man. For this cause pay we tribute also, because 
civil rulers are the ministers of God to us for good, attending continually 
upon this very thing. We are bound to render unto Caesar the things that 
are Caesar's, as well as to God the things that are his. They therefore, 
who rebel & resist, as aforesaid, resist the ordinance of God: And the 
apostle saith, they shall receive to themselves damnation." 

Let me farther remind you. Sir, that after mentioning the suspicions of 
many, that some persons in the colonies had encouraged, and been instru- 
mental of bringing upon us, so great a burden & grievance, for the sake of 
present gain ; I subjoined these identical words — •* But this I would chari- 
tably hope is not true." And all that followed, concerning men who could 
be so mercinary as to ruin their country, for the sake of posts & profits, 
was mere hypothetical ; for I did not at all give it as my opinion, that 
there were actually any such persons in the colonies. 

Let me also remind you, that towards the close of my Sermon, speaking 
of our grievances, I said — " But let not us, my brethren, use liberty for an 
occasion to the flesh, or use any method, for the defence of our rights & 
privileges, besides those which are honest & honourable. Within these 
restrictions & limitations let us do all in our power," &e. And the Sermoa 
ended with an ardent wish, that we and all his Majesty's subjects, ". thro'out 
his extended dominion, might lead quiet & peaceable lives in all godliness 
& honesty." 

Now, however ardent expressions a man might use in favor of civil 
liberty, and against oppression & tyranny ; yet if they are thus guarded <k 



1892.] Letter of Rev Jonathan, May hew. 19 

qualified in the same discourse, and people are so particularly cautioned 
against using liberty for an occasion to the flesh, it is humbly conceived the 
author ought in common justice to be acquitted, as no eucourager of mob3 
and riots. 

But a3 I found that some persons besides yourself had, thro' mistake, 
and others through malice, represented my discourse in that odious li^ht; 
and some, for their own ends, seemed disposed to make such a use of it a3 
was remote from my thoughts, yea, as I had most expressly & formally 
guarded against; I thought it a duty incumbent upon me to exculpate my- 
self in the most op n & solemn manner. This I did the last Lord's day, 
as probably you have heard; and did it so effectually, that I understand 
many persons are now highly displeased with me, as if I were a favourer of 
the stamp-act; of which I have still, however, the same opinion that I ever 
had, as a great grievance; in opposition to which, it is incumbent upon us 
to do everything in our power, within such restrictions as I had mentioned 
in my first discourse referred to. I still love liberty as much as ever; but 
have apprehensions of the greatest inconveniences likely to follow on a 
forceable, violent opposition to an act of parliament; which I consider, in 
some sort, as proclaiming war against Great Britain. These are the Sen- 
timents of my soul, which I more particularly declared the last Lord's dav, 
in the fear of God, and with the deepest concern for the welfare of my 
country, and all the British Colonies, at this most alarming Crisis which 
they have ever known, whether they do or do not submit to said act. 
"What the end of these things will be, God only knows. To him I lift up 
my soul for the common good, the public welfare. 

Thus I have laid open my heart to you in this respect, tho' in a very 
hasty &, I fear, confused manner; for I have not time to revise & correct. 
I will not take leave of you, sir, without heartily thanking you for your 
repeated favors and kindnesses in times past, and expressing my ardent 
wishes for the best of Blessings upon you and your family, for which I 
have ever had a sincere and great Regard, considering it as one principal 
ornament of the Society, to which my poor services have been devoted. 
Particularly I beseech almighty God mercifully to Regard that excellent 
woman, Mrs. Clark, in her present low and declining condition; and to 
manifest his favor to her according to her present circumstances. I am 
persuaded her death, which, by what I hear, seems not far distant, will be 
gain to her ; tho' the loss will be exceeding great to you & your children. 
I beseech God to prepare you and them for so sad an hour, to support you 
in it, and cause all things to work together for good to you & them. Be 
pleased to remember me and Mrs Mayhew very kindly and respectfully to 
her: For we have both the most sincere regard for her, and sympathy with 
you and yours, in this day of trouble. I pray God to make us all wiser & 
better by all that occurs to us in this varying & troublesome world; and 
finally to bring us to rejoice together in a better, notwithstanding any un- 
happy differences which have, or may arise between us here. 

I am, Dear Sir, 

With sincere respect, 
Your Friend & Humble Serv* 

J. Mathew. 
P. S. Sir, 

One thing which I intended to mention to you, I had forgot in my haste. 
When I last saw you, you intimated that you was displeased with a pas- 
sage in one of my sermons the Lord's day preceding Aug. 23. Had you, 
VOL. XLVI. 2* 



20 William Hunter Odell. [Jan. 

Sir, been so kind and friendly to me, as to give me a hint of this the next 
week, and to advise me against saying any thing relating to that matter in 
any future discourse; so much regard have I for your judgment, that to 
me it appears highly probable, that it would entirely have prevented my 
preaching the other Sermon. And I beg you to consider, whether it 
would not have been at least as christian a part in you, to have given me 
such an hint, which I should have taken in friendship, as on a sudden to 
leave the meeting with your whole family, which you cannot but he sensi- 
ble will, at such a juncture, be a great hurt, I do not say injury, to me. I 
hope my saying this will give you no offence, which is far from my design 
therein: But I think it is not unworthy of your consideration. 

I am, Dear Sir, 
as before, 

Yours &c. J. M. 



MEMOIR OF HON. WILLIAM HUXTER ODELL. 

By Rufus King, E?q., of Yonkers r N. Y. 

Hon. William Hunter Odell, member of the Senate of the 
Dominion of Canada, from rhe Province of New Brunswick, died at 
Halifax, N. S., July 26, 1891, aged seventy-nine. His ancestry 
may be given as follows : J 

Mr. William 1 Odell, the founder of the family in this country, 
was of English ancestry.* Pie came to New England in the early 
part of the seventeenth century, probably in company with the Pev. 
Peter Bulkeley, who was rector of the Parish of Odell, in Bedford- 
shire, England, in 1620. Mr. Odell settled at Concord, Mass., 
where his name appears in the town records as early as 1639. He 
removed to Fairfield, Conn., about 1644, where he became the 
owner of a considerable estate, and died in 1676. 

His will, proved at Fairfield, June 6 of that year, mentions : 
sons, William and John, daughter Rebecca Moorehouse, daughter- 
in-law Mary Odell, and others, and disposes of lands held in Con- 
cord and Fairfield. ( Schenek's History of Fairfield.) 

John* Odell, Sen/, of Fairfield, eldest son of William preceding, 
was made freeman in 1664 by the General Assembly; in 1666, in 
behalf of his father William Odeil, he joined with Francis Hall in a 
deed of partition ; in 1673 and 1662, he received grants of land 
from the town of Fairfield ; in 1697. he wa3 a member of the Church 
in Stratfield, and in 1707 made will appointing wife, Mary, Execu- 
trix. (Fairfield Probate Records, 1702-50.) 

Ensign Samuel 3 Odell, of Stratfield, was born March 16, 
1677 ; in 1700, he received deed of land from his father John Odell, 
Sen. ; in 1722, he was commissioned Ensign by the General 



* Harvey '3 History of Willey Hundred, Bedfordshire, p. 345. 



1892.] William Hunter Odell. 21 

Assembly; in 1727, his estate was administered on by Joannali 
and Samuel Odell, with inventory mentioning widow, Deborah, 
John Odell and others as appraisers. (Fairfield Probate, 1724-49.) 

John 4 Odkll, of StratHeld, in 1730 called son of Ensign Samuel 
Odell, deceased, removed to Connecticut Farms, N. J., and married 
Temperance, daughter of Rev. Jonathan Dickinson, first President 
of the College of New Jersey ; in 1750, he made will, proved June 28, 
same year, mentioning son Jonathan Odell and other children, and 
appointing wife, Temperance, with Jonathan Sergeant and Timothy 
Whitehead executors. (Trenton, N. J. Probate Records, vol. E, 
p. 435.) 

Rev. Jonathan 6 Odell, A.M., of Frederic-ton, X. B., the 
noted loyalist, was born Sept. 25, 1737, in Newark, N. J. ; in 
1754, he was graduated at the College of New Jersey, and studied 
medicine, but afterward became an Episcopal clergyman ; in 1767, 
he was rector of St. Anne's Church, in Burlington, N. J. He was 
prominent during the war of the Revolution for his sympathy with 
England, and was joint author of the "Loyal Verses of Stansbury 
and Odell." In 1772, he married Miss Anne Da Cou, who sur- 
vived him. At the close of the war, he removed to Fredericton, 
N. B., where he was made Secretary of the Province, and held 
many other responsible offices under the Crown. He died Nov. 25, 
1818, leaving one son, William Franklin, and three daughters. 

Hon. William Franklin 6 Odell, of Fredericton, N. B., was 
born Oct. 19, 1774, in Burlington, N. J. In 1812, he succeeded 
his father as Provincial Secretary of New Brunswick; in 1817, he 
was engaged in the location of the boundary line between New 
Brunswick and the United States under the Treaty of Ghent. He 
married Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. Dr. Elisha and Sarah 
(Cooke) Newell of Allentown, N. J. Mrs. Ne well's father was 
the Rev. Samuel Cooke, D.D., sometime rector of the church at 
Shrewsbury, N. J., and afterwards at Fredericton. Mr. Odell died 
Dec. 25, 1844, leaving four sons and four daughters. 

Hon. William Huntp;r 7 Odell, of Halifax, N. S., eldest son 
of William Franklin, preceding, and the subject of this memoir, 
was born in Fredericton, N. B., Nov. 26, 1811. He was educated 
at King's College — now the University of New Brunswick — Fred- 
ericton, and graduated in the class of 1832. He studied law and 
was called to the bar in 1838, when he was appointed clerk of the 
Supreme Court of New Brunswick. He resigned this office the 
same year, on being made Deputy Provincial Secretary, Registrar 
and Clerk of the Executive Council. In 1847, Mr. Odell was a 
judge of the Court of Common Pleas ; in 1850, he was made a 
member of the Legislative Council of New Brunswick by Royal 
Warrant; in 1865, on the formation of what was know as the Anti- 
Confederate Government, he was appointed member of the Executive 
Council and Postmaster General, remaining in office until the resig- 



22 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. [Jan. 

nation of the government the next year; in May, 1867, he was 
called to the Dominion Senate by royal proclamation, and for twenty- 
four years was a member of that honorable body. 

Mr. Odell married Elizabeth Ann, daughter of the Hon. William 
B. Bliss, Judge of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia; she survives 
him together with one son, an officer in the English army, and three 
daughters. Mr. Odell, in addition to his property in Halifax, was 
the owner of a considerable estate at Fredericton, called "Rook- 
wood," where the writer, a kinsman of his, had the pleasure of 
meeting him several years ago. This interview resulted in a very 
pleasant correspondence later on, and the communication of many 
interesting genealogical facts, which have been availed of in the 
preparation of this memoir. 

Mr. OdelPs career was a long and useful one, both in public and 
private life ; his quiet and retiring disposition prevented his taking 
a very active part in political debate, but his wide and varied ex- 
perience and excellent judgment were highly valued by his colleagues. 
Though Mr. Udell's life had reached nearly four score years, he had 
none of the infirmities of old age and was exceptionally active and 
vigorous. His death was entirely unlocked for. He had only re- 
cently reached home from Ottawa, apparently in excellent health, 
and had expected to return thither in a few days. He was, how- 
ever, seized with a sudden and fatal illness on Saturday, July 25, 
and the next afternoon passed peacefully away. The announcement 1 

of his death was received by the Senate at Ottawa, with many ex- 
pressions of surprise and sorrow, and resolutions of sympathy were 
offered by his associates at the session of Parliament held on July 29. 

Mr. Odell was, in hi3 church relation, an Episcopalian ; his 
funeral took place on Thursday, July 30, and his remains were in- 
terred in Camp Hill Cemetery. 



LETTERS OF COL. THOMAS WESTBROOK 

AND OTHERS, u 

RELATIVE TO INDIAN AFFAIRS IN MAINE. 

I 
Communicated by "William Blake Trask, A.M., of Dorchester, Mass. 

[Continued from vol. xlv. page 271-1 

Honourable Sir, 

In Pursuance of your honours orders for Impressing & Detaching 
25 men for the service Eastward, I ishued out my warrants for the Impres- 
sing of them out of the severall Companies under my Command, and 
Delivered the s d men to Capt. Penhallow. But since the detaching of them * 

I have been Informed that there were some impressed in Dartmouth who 
failed of Complyance with the Law, in that they neither payed their money 
rfor appeared at the place of Rendavous by their Capts: Appointed, Tow 
of which have been by their Capts : prosecuted & are Committed to Goal 



1892.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. 23 

by Mittimus from Mr. Justice Pope. One of them no body pities or 13 
Concerned ibr, the other I am apt to think is Justly imprisoned According 
to the strictness of the Law. However his Circumstances are such that if 
your honour see Cause to Discharge him from Goal and order that he be 
ready to attend the next time there shall be occasion for Detaching of men 
from this Regiment, I shall take it as a favour from your honour; his name 
Gabriel Hix, and belongs to Capt: Corunels Company. It would be 
troublesome to your honour to say all that I might, why I pray for his 
Discharge. All that I shall offer is, y* his being Continued will be of no 
service to y e Government, & his Liberty will be very advantageous to him. 
Id Expectation of Reeeiveing your honours Commands relating thereunto 
I rest. 

Bristol [R. I.]. August 5 th , 1724. Your Honours most 

obedient humble servant, 

Mass. Arch. 52: 26. Hen : McIntosh. 



Sir, 

I have rec d . your sev 11 Letters respecting M r Banes Engagement, 
& the March of the Forces to Kennebeck River, and am well satisfied with 
the Dispatch you have given to that Affair. There being such a Number 
of Troops in your Frontier, I have determined they sh d be employ'd (after 
the Marches to Norridgewock are ever) on an Expedition to Penobscot & 
the Sea Coast in those Parts, & therefore after a proper time allow'd for 
the Soldiers Refresh in* you are to proceed at the Head of them, your self, to 
Penobscot & other Places to the East*" where it is likely to meet the Enemy, 
in order to w ch youare to gett y e better Inteligence possible, & to project the 
particular Circumstances of this Aifair, & send to the Treas r to furnish you 
with every Thing necessary, & Let me know your Thoughts immediately 
upon it, that so there may be no Delay. 

[Instructions in the hand writing of Secretary Wiilard.] 
Mass. Arch. 52: 27. 



May it please your Honour, 

Cap tn Harmon arriv'd this day with the Fryars and Twenty Six 
Scalps more from Norridgewock, and brought Bombazees Squaw and three 
more Indian Captives, retook three English boys; he Iuformes a great 
number of Indians are comeing on our frontier, sundry from Canada and 
Two Hundred from Penobscutt; for a more account I refer to him. They 
have taken Leiu' Kenadys Coat at Norridgewock, who resided at Saint 
Georges, which makes us doubt they have taken the garrison. I am sending 
Cap ta Sanders in his Sloop strongly guarded to that place, and am likewise 
dispatching orders to all the frontiers to be strict on their guard. Cap* 
Harmon and the officers Judge that by the modestest Computation, besides 
the Scalps and Captives they brought in, what they kill'd and drownded, 
there would not be less then thirty or forty. God has now been pleas'd to 
Crown your Honours unwearied Endeavours with success, which I desire 
to rejoyce at. I hope y r Honour will smile ou Cap m Harmon and favour 
him with a Commission for a feild officer. I am your Honours most 

Dutiful Humble Servant, 
Falm Aug 1 18 th 1724. Tho b Westbrook. 

I have Imprest M r Dakes Scoouer to convey Cap 1 Harmon to Boston. 

Mass. Arch. 52: 34. 















. 









24 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others, [Jan. 

May it Please your Honour, 

I received your Instructions dated the 25 th Curr* on the 28 th Ins 1 
and shall put them in Execution Immediately. I hope the Hostage will 
Pilott us through from Kennebeck to Penobscut, which will be the best 
way to get to their Town undiscovered. As to Bombazeens widdow I have 
examined her and she knows little or nothing about the Penobscut tribe, 
and is so sick she is not able to travel. My advice to the Inhabitants and 
orders to the officers has always been not to go out with less than Fifteen 
or Eighteen men or more, as the occasion may require, but the Inhabitants 
are so obstinate they will go out not above Two or three at a time Two or 
Three miles from their garrisons if they cannot all have a guard in one day, 
and the Officers of the Militia in each town do not take any care to regulate 
them, they ref"-e to help in watching in their garrisons at night where the 
Soldiers are but two or Three especially the Inhabitants at Perpooduck 
Point. I acquainted them it was your Hon" orders, but they refused to 
comply. 

There lies this difficulty with me which I can't tell how to get over, Viz'. 
Wee must leave a strong guard, with our Whale boats up Kennebeck 
River, lest wee should not get through and be oblig'd to return, neither are 
wee able (in Case wee should get through) to leave a sufficient number of 
men to bring back the boates to Richmond without weakening the Army too 
much to pursue the march, besides, it will be of absolute necessity to have 
some boates on our return, with the Sloops, at the mouth of Penobscutt 
River, to search after the vessels taken from the Subjects of this Province, 
w ch wee cannot have unless y e Sloops bring some with them from Boston, 
or unless your Honour will please to send Fifty men more for the above men- 
tioned designes. Wee must have Two Doz n of falling axes to make either 
Rafts or Canoes to get from the Main to the Island where the Indians live, 
and those men that have the charge of the Axes must have Pistols sent 
them, they not being able to carry their guns, Packs and Axes ; there is 
wanting Thirty or Forty Fire locks for the men already in tke Service, 
which must be sent Immediately. I shall not be able to get the men so soon 
as my orders direct, to Richmond, by reason I sent a Company to releive 
Georges and Intercept the Enemy there, and they are in quest of them now 
by the verbal Ace 1 I had brought me this day from Cap' Sanders who is 
Just come to Richmond from thence and brought a Captive Leiu 1 Kenady 
redeem'd, as y r Hon r will see by the Enclos'd, which is a verbal ace 1 I 
receiv'd from one of my Sarj ts whom I sent Express to Cap' Heath and 
who met Saunders going to Richmond, from whom he had the Information. 

When I had ordered the men to Scout at Saint Georges I had thought 
y e army would have mov'd that way. Here being only Docter Bullman 
that is Capable of marching with us, and he being very much fatigued I 
must entreat your Honour to send another Docter down to march, that he 
may have some respite. 

I am your Hon r " most dutifull Hum bl Serv*. 

Tho* Westbrook. 



P.S. I pray your Honours to excuse every thing amiss, for I have been 
writing and dispatching orders from sun rise till ]Sine a Clock this night, so 
y* my brains is quite Addled. 

Mass. Arch. 52: 39, 40. 



1892.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. 25 

S '> 

Coll TTestbrooks Packett is enough to make any one Sick. What 

Hee has done allready, as well as what Hee further insists on, seems to tend 
directly to Confound our hopefull designs. What Hee sayes of a Strong 
Guard for His Whale boat is a mere jest, 10 men is sufficient for that. 
What Number of Men Can Hee expect to see there at this time when 
Hee expects so many at Penobscott. Those 10 Men with the Whale boats 
May have a Communication with Richmond Forts & Can't bee better 
Imploy'd then by lying at such a Pass to intercept a Smal Scout of the 
Enimye. It was Impossible to express in more strong termes My orders, 
above all things, that Wee should make no delay, & yett Hee seems to have 
no Idea of it. For My part I Will write no more to Him; it's an unac- 
countable thing, that ; without orders, Hee should send away a Number of 
Men to S* Georges. I allwayes intended a March to Penobscott as soon as 
the Forces should be return'd from Norridgewalk, & therefore would not 
hearken to any thing that Could prevent it. Pray Communicate this Letter 
to the Bord, this Day, & write a Line to Westbrook that Hee make no 
further Delay & thereby Ruine this Project if phas it bee not allready 
Frustrated by Intelligence gott. to the Enimye, & Lett Him give such 
orders to His People about Georges, if necessary, if it be not done allready, 
& if Hee don't Incline to go, Lett Harmon take the Command.* The 
Pistolls, Axes, & Guns, you Say, are Ready. Pray Coll Fitch to gett the 
men on Bord & Lett the Vessell Sail to Night or in y e Morning. 

Coll Westbrook sends a long Story of ±sew Projections to Amuse us ; 
they May bee put to the Tryall in the Winter p'haps when we have nothing 
Else to do, but now is the time to finde them in their Planting grounds for 
tho' they may have gathered their Corne by this, they have not had time 
to dry it & Carry it away, & an old settlement is not suddenly broak up & 
quite deserted. 

If the Councill are of opinion to Stop Winnett & all other Annapolis 
vessells for two or three days it shall be done. 

Lett 1 from the L* Gov r Y" W. Dummer. 

to the Secry. 

[Endorsed :J 

Mass. Arch. 52: 41, 42. Sept. 1, 1724. 



Falm Sept. y e 8 th 1724. 
May It Please your Hon r , 

By a vessell Bound to Boston, I Take Leave of Obeying your 
Hon™ Commands in Sending My Comission. Your Hon r was pleased to 
tell me that you'd alter and send another To me. I Heartyly Congratulate 
with y° S r . In The Success your Troops has obtained over the Enemy. 
So may you prosper in all y r Und'rtakins For the general good of your 
Government Is and shall always be the Prayer of y r 

Hon r » Most Dutifull & Obedient_ 

Serv' att Comand, 
We have no Indian News here. Johx Gray. 

Mass. Arch. 52: 43. P. S. My hum ble Service To your Lady. 

* This is, apparently, the first instance, in the progress of these letters and documents, 
in which Gov. Dummer uses language of such a strong character as the above, in regard to 
Col. Westbrook, or the propriety of his military schemes and measures. In the letter 
which follows this, it will be seen that the latter endeavors to justify himself in relation 
to having an independent project of his own, and doubts not that he can easily satisfy the 
Governor as to the consistency and wisdom of the course he — Col. Westbrook— had adopted. 



26 Letters of CoL Thomas IVestbrook and others. [Jan. 

May it please your Hon r , 

I received your Hon" two letters not before the Seventh of this 
In st . One was dated the 28 th of August & the other the 1 st of Sept wherein 
your Honour blames me for haveing a project of my own. I do assure your 
Hon 1- my letter of the 28 th was in obedience to your Hon" order to me. in 
your letter of the 6 th of Aug 8 ' and was wrote the day before my Instruction 
came, and if it should please God that I should return from this march. I 
doubt not but I shall be able to satisfy your Hon' that I have not delayed 
any time. Cap' Slocum arriv'd the 7 th Curr 1 with 24 fierlocks w cn was not 
as many as wee wanted and sundry necessarys as Blanketts, shoes, stockins &c 
which the men could not march before they had y™.; as to the boates I did not 
expect any for this Expedition, but have swept all garrisons clean of their 
old boates they had to fetch their provision and have been mending them 
night & day ever since I receiv'd your Hon" orders. I must be obliged to 
send up part of the body first and a party of them to bring back the boates. 
I hope wee shall be on the march near y e time I wrote in my last. 

I am your Hon" most 
Falm Sept. 8 th 1724. Obed* Humb 1 Serv*. 

Tho* Westbrook. 

P. S. I did not receive your Hon™ letter of the 6 th of August till y e 27 th 
of the Same Month by the hands of Cap 1 Gray. 
Mass. Arch. 52: 44. 



Dated about 6 miles up Kennebeck river, on Dummers Island, in grape 
street, Just by the great fish Market. 

Sept. 12 th 1724. 
May it please y r Hon 1 , 

Wee sent up part of the army on the 9 th Currant not haveing 
Boates enough to carry us up all at once, and arrived with the army here 
the 11 th of this Instant where wee are detain'd by many matters. As soon 
as the weather will gmit wee shall be diligent on our march, which I desire, 
and hope will answer your Hon" Expectations. I ordered the Sloops to 
besent [to] Fenobscut in fourteen days from the 11 th of this Instant. 

I am your Hon" most 

dutifull & Humble Serv*. 

Tho 8 Westbrook. 

P. S. Written by the pure blood of the grape gathered on Dummers 
Island.* 

Mass. Arch. 52 : 44. 



Having lately seen your protection Commission to Sebastian 
Ealle, I thought it a proper ocation, once more, to write to you and to acquaint 
you that the Norrigawalke & Penobscott Indians are by long ec often 
repeated submission the undoubted subjects of the King of Great Brittain, 
who also living in his Territory they Cannot bee any otherwise accounted 
your Alleyes then by virtue of the Allyances between the Crownes of great 
Brittain & France, & that, therefore, you ought not to Concerne \our selfe 

* Though somewhat faded, after the lapse of 167 years since it was penned, the original 
of the above letter is in a fair, readable condition. 



1892.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. 27 

in their affaires, without My P'mission, & I cannot but esteem it an open 
violation of the Treaty of Peace & Allyance our Masters have entred into, 
for you to Commissionate them to reside amounghst them, and you might as 
well pretend that y re Protection is sufficient to justify, those of y™ Religion in 
Committing the most flagrant Acts of violence & Hostility in any other Parts 
of this Governm*. Whatever disputes there may bee between us & those 
Indians Concerning the bounds of that Country, it does not belong to you 
to engage your selfe in their quarrel 1, but rather to assist us to reduce them 
to obedience when it shall bee desired ; but, instead of that, I am sorry wee 
must Charge you with having animated them together, & others Salvages 
under your owne Government, to Fall in the most outrageous Manner upon 
the Subjects of the King of great Brittaine in all Parts of the Frontiers of 
these His Plantations. I must also add, that I have many assurances that 
the Indians would have long since made their submission had they not been 
stimulated by your P'swations, & ineorag'd by the protection & rewards 
you have given them. However, I doubt not, but Ere this, they are sensi- 
ble of the ruine that is like to fall upon them if they P'sist any longer in 
their Hostility es; wherefore, I Resolved, againe, to Recomend to you the 
good dispositions that ought to be Cultivated between the Respective 
Governours of the Two Crowues that are so strictly united in Friendship 
& interest, that no inconveniences or Jealousys may Arrise by our unequal 
Conduct here, & that you'l give no further ocation for these disagreeable 
remonstrances, but rather use your influence to incline the Salvages to a 
Peace; And I think it proper, further, to acquaint you, that wee have 
hitherto restrained our Indian Allyes who have expressed great inclinations 
to revenge the Injurys done us upon those whoe abetted our Euimyes, but 
are not sure wee shall be any longer able to do so, unless a Spedy stop be 
made to such practises. 

- Endorsed — " L* Govern 1 ** Lett r to Mons r Veaudreuil," Governor of Canada, 
"Sept 15 th 1724." 

Mass. Arch. 52 : 48, 49. 



Sir, 

I hope this will meet you safe arrived at Falmouth after a suc- 
cessful Campaign. 

Upon Sight hereof you must forthwith dismiss Cp* Brownes Comp a of 
Indians & send them hither in one of the Sloops, That so they may lose no 
Time for Following the Whale Fishery, W ch is agreable to my Promise 
made to them at Enlisting. Let Cp' Brown come with them to see them 
safe return'd. 

You must send a Party of fresh Men that have staid at Home, in the 
Garrisons, consisting of fifty or sixty effective Soldiers to make one more 
visit to Norridgewock Ameseconts & Parts adjacent near Kennebeck & 
Amerescoggin Rivers in Order to surprise y e Enemy It being probable 
the Corn left in those Parts or the Hunting may have been drawn thither 
some of the Indians that escaped at Norridgewock The other Capt.iins 
being probably fatigued w th y r past Marches. Let Cp*. Heath have the 
Command of them & send with him other proper Officers & Pilots. Let 
this Affair be proceeded in as soon as possible. 
[L* Gov r Dummer to Co 1 Westbrook.] 

Mass. Arch. 52:52. 

vol. xlvi. 3 



28 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. [Jan. 

May it please your Hon r , 

Wee have got through the body of the Country from Richmond 
to Pencbscut River, but either by the will fullness or Ignorance of the Pilot 
he brought us near Fifty miles below the Indians villages when wee came 
into our Knowledge. Wee travel'd up the river as high as the falls where 
there was a large River to Cross, here wee found the freshetts very high by 
reason of the late rain The army not haveing more than three or four 
days Provision sundry men haveing lost their bread in wadeing the rivers 
as I acquainted in my last of the 20 ta Currant, and sundry men much Indis- 
pos'd ; it was likewise Judged that wee could not march to their village and 
back to the falls where the Sloops were to meet us in less then Eight or 
Nine days, whereon wee desisted and waited for the Sloops they not being 
come, was oblig'd to go down the River in quest of them and verily believe 
had not wee founa two Indian Canoos and sent four brisk men to look for 
them some of the men would have perisht before we could have got to them, 
but the men found them and brought up some boates in which wee got to 
them, and the freshet run so strong they could not possibly get up the river. 
Coll Harr^on, Cap* Moulton, Cap 1 Wentworth and sundry other officers 
are so much Indispos'd that I am oblig'd to let them go home. I shall stay 
with the well part of the Army and search the rivers and Sea Coves Well 
before I come off. The officers all desier to go to Boston to make up their 
Rolls, and there is a great necessity that Cap* Moulton and Cap 1 Bourn go., 
their accounts lying very Intricate. I desire your Hon™ Care to make up 
my Roll. 

Sep* 28 th 1724. I am your Hon" most 

dutifull Humb 1 Serv* 

Mass. Arch. 52: 52. Tho 8 Westbrook, 



Richmond, Octo br 7 th 1724, 
Honourable S r , 

Having Tour Honours Permission I was on the way to Boston 
But meeting an order from 1/ Colon 1 Harmon to march to Neridgawalk 
Ammissequenty &c. am attending that Service, Reddy to march as soon as 
the Quoto of men Appointed are Delivered me And Rejoyce in this Opper- 
tunity you are pleased to give me. 

This Accompanies the three Mohawks who returning from Penobscut 
were got as far as Falmouth in the way to Boston before my marching 
Orders came & so could not returne back. 

I have Lay d before the Treasurer an ace* of what provision & other 
Necessaryes I supply'd them with. 

It's Obvious to all the Army that these Mohawks proved themselves 
good men in the Late action at Neridgawalk Since which they have met 
with Some Rough Treatment, And in case they should not be made Easey 
with the method of Dividing the Captives & Scalp money (which now they 
are not) I Doubt the Consequence will not be good. Thus much I thought 
it my Duty 'to premize to your Honour and Begging pardon if I have 
Tgnorantly Exceded, Remaine Your Honours most 

" Hum ble Obedient Servant, 

Mass. Arch. 52: 56. Joseph Heath. 

Superscribed: On His Majesties Service 
To The Hon blc William Dummer 
Lieu* Governour & Commander in Chief &c. 
In Boston 
p r Capt Gyles. 



























; 









' 






1892.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. 29 

Hon d Sir, 

The 8 th instant in the Evening, Ten indians waylayed The path 
Near 3 garrisen houses in This town and Killed one Allen, a Soldier 
(posted at Casco) Scalped him & Carryed his habbit & gun away, & Shot 
at a Bov who Escaped, and directly I alarimed The Town & adjacent Places 
who all Took itt. At Saco Falls we heard one great gun fired who cannot 
hear us, but Can't Learn The meaning as yet, Their is m r Parker up Their 
Loading, & fear This Scout Surprised Them. 

Corr 1 Harman Some Daves Since, Passed This Harbour, westward, with 
other officers. Corr 1 Westbrook is Expected Every Day & in The Sloop 

this Comes is Cap 1 Born with his indians. We have Lost no man in 

This March but are Disappointed. 

Your Honours humble Servant 
Fort Mary, Winter Harbour Samuel Hinckes. 

Oct. 9 th 1724. 
Superscribed: — To His Honour William Dummer Esq 1 ". 
Leiutt Gov 1 " Comand 1 & Cheife In Boston. 
Mass. Arch. 52: 57. 



May it Please y r Hon r , George Town 8 br 16 th : 1724. 

S r . Col: Westbrook being indisposed at my House, Orders me 
to give you an Acc lt that he has diligently Searched after the Vessells be- 
longing to this Province (that were taken by the Indians) but could find 
none ; we were detained several days at the Fox Islands by bad weather, as 
also in this Place. 

The Col: has not as yet rec d any Orders from your Honour, concerning 
the Officers going to Boston to make up their Rolls, nor how to dispose of 
the Army. I am y r Hon rs Most Dutifull & 

To The Hon ble W m Dummer Esq r most Ob 1 Humble Serv 



L 1 Gov r & Comm r in Chiefe. Johij Penhallow. 

Mass. Arch. 52: 70. 



May it Please your Hon r , 

I receiv'd your Honours orders by the hand of Cap 1 Majory, 
who arriv'd here about Ten a Clock this morning, wherein I find, your 
Honour is much surpris'd that I did not Immediately proceed to the Indian 
villages as soon as wee had recruited. I must beg your Hon r to believe 
rne, that the only reason was, the Indisposition of the Officers and Soldiers, 
which your Hon r will see by the Enclos'd. I do sincerely declare I cali'd 
that Council with the greatest reluctancy that could be, and had not call'd 
it had it not been for the daily Complaints of the Officers and Soldiers of 
their great Indisposition. Coll° Harmon & Cap 1 Moulton were very much 
Indisposed and Cap 1 Wentworth so much that he was oblig'd to keep his 
bed, and by the acc t8 I had from the Officers & my own knowledge, there 
was more then Halfe the Army no ways Capable to march. I arriv'd here 
the 23 d Currant and am settleing some affaires of the Army, altho' I am not 
yet able to walk abroad and shall give leave to the Officers to come to 
Boston to make up their Rolls according to your Honours orders. I have 
transiently heard that your Honour sent orders for Cap 1 Heath to make a 
march to Norridgwock with Sixty men, and Leiu* Oliver arriv'd at Arrowsick 
the 18 th Currant with forty five meu to Joyn Cap' Heath by Coli Harmons 












m 






• 



30 Military Order of Washington. [Jan. 

orders as he Inform'd me by word of mouth. I suppose they march t in 
two days after his arrival for I dispatcht hiin to Richmond Immediately. 
Capt Bourn and his Company are gone home, as I am Inform'd, three weeks 
ago, but by whose order I know not. My Instructions to him when I sent 
him back was, To victual at Richmond for Twelve days, and in the Whaie- 
boates to make the best of his way to us to Penobscut River, In hopes that 
though our first attempt should fail wee might make a second march to 
Penobscut Town, but I have neither seen nor heard from him since. I 
have Just now rec'd an Ace' by a boat I sent to Richmond that Cap' Heath 
marcht the 21 9t Currant. If it be your Honours positive determination 
that the march be yet perform'd to Penobscott Town, I must pray your 
Hon" directions vvhome to give the Command to, and for the calling the 
forces together, who on my return were Posted along the frontier to recruit 
before I rec'd you. Hon" present orders. 

Falm° Oct r . 24 th , 1724. I am your Hon™ most dutifull & 

Humble Servant, 

Mass. Arch. 52: 73,74. Tho 8 Westbrook. 

[To be continued.] 



AN EARLY MILITARY ORDER OF WASHINGTON. 

Communicated by Grenville H. Norcuoss, LL.B., of Boston, Mass. 

General Folsom to lay before your Excellency. 
To his Excellency Gen|_ Whashington — 

General Folsom begs leave to lay before your Excellency a memo- 
randum of what is immediately wanted at Winter Hill. Viz: three Teems, 
20 Wheelbarrows, two Thousand Tenpenny Nails, Four, Inch Augres, a 
Gouge, and four Chizzles. Alxd 1 Scammkll, 

Brig de Major. 
The Committee, or Commissary of Supplies is desired to furnish the 
above things immediately if to be got. G°. Washington. 

July 10 th , 1775. 

[endorsement] 
Gen 1 . Washington memorandum for Teems, 

wheel Barrows Auger Chisels &c. 

Note. — The first portion of the above order is in the handwriting of Col. 
Scammell, the last few lines are in Washington's autojraph. Alexander Scam- 
mell became one of Washington's Aides, was his Adjutant-General at the time 
of the capture and execution of Major Andre, aud was wounded and taken 
prisoner before Yorktown in 1731. while as officer of the day reconnoitring the 
outworks abandoned by the British. 

" Washington interested himself in his favor, and at his request Cornwallis 
permitted him to be removed to Williamsburg, where he died in the course of 
a few days. He was an officer of much merit, and his death was deeply re- 
gretted by Washington and the array." 

Winter Hill was the extreme left of the line, occupied by the New Hampshire 
troops under command of Gen. Nathaniel Folsom, and it was expected that the 
British would make an attack there.— See Irvine's " Life of Washington," and 
Frothingham's " History of the Siege of Boston." 

The date of this order, it will be noticed, is biiL one week after Washington 
assumed command of the army, and the spelling of his name had not become 
familiar. 
























■ 

■. 



■ 


















1892.] Battles and Casualties of Mass. Troops. 31 



LIST OF BATTLES AND CASUALTIES OF .MASSA- 
CHUSETTS REGIMENTS DURING THE 
WAR OF THE REBELLION. 

By Col. T. W. Higginson and Florence Wyman Jaques. 

Preliminary Note. — The following has been prepared with much labor, 
under my general direction, by Mrs. Florence W. Jaques, who has been 
my chief assistant in the preliminary work of the Massachusetts Military 
and Naval History. Attention is called to her prefatory remarks and sug- 
gestions. It is believed that, with such co-operation as she proposes, this 
table will be far superior to any similar report made in any other State. 
T. W. Higginson, State Military and Naval Historian. 

Prefatory Note. 

The accompanying list of engagements and losse3 is based upon 
the work of many persons who, on official or private account, have 
brought up to their present degree of varying completeness the re- 
cords of Massachusetts organizations. Some of these were accurate 
and painstaking ; others were lax. Many errors from the latter 
source have been removed by the comparison of records, but many 
necessarily remain. The whole list must be regarded as preliminary 
and subject to correction. 

It was desired, as far as possible, to count the mortally wounded 
with the killed, this being now the accepted practice ; but this has 
been satisfactorily done only in the case of such losses as are marked 
below with [F.]. These are taken from the tables of Lt. Col. 
Wm. F. Fox, for wdiich an examination was made, name by name, 
of the fate of men recorded as wounded or missing in action ; and 
there are added to the killed in each engagement the names of those 
who are shown to have died of wounds received there, with those 
of the missing in action of whose death the presumptive evidence 
amounts in the lapse of time to practical proof. 

A comparison of figures so gained with those from all other 
sources, expressed below in k., wd. and m., leads to the belief that 
a proportion of one out of seven, rising in some cases to one out of 
three, of those wounded or missing in action, should be numbered 
with the killed. It is hoped that the surviving soldiers will aid in 
making these additions ; and they are requested, wherever they see 
on this list a statement of losses that is to their certain knowledge 
too small, to be kind enough to notify the compiler, giving the 
names of all the men whom they know to have died in or in conse- 
quence of each engagement, with the grounds on which that know- 
ledge is based. 

Correspondence with this object will receive thanks and careful 
attention if addressed to 

Mrs. Florence TV. Jaques, 

114 Charles St., Boston, Mass. 
VOL. XL VI. 3* 



32 



Battles and Casualties of Mass. Troops. [Jan 



1861. 

Baltimore, Md. 
April 19. Regt. 6. 



Cos. C, I, L, D. 
4 k. 36 wd. 
Bethel, Va. 
June 10. Regt. 4. 5 Cos. 1 k. 2 wd. 

Blackburn's Ford, Va. 
July 18. Regt. 1. 14 k. [F.] 

Bull Bun, Va. (1st). 
July 21. Regt. 1. 1 k. [F.] 

5. 9 k. 2 wd. 22 pris. 
11. 15 k. [F.] 
Beher's Mills, Va. 
Sept. 2. Regt. 13. Skir., slight loss. 

Britchard's Mills, Md. 
Sept. 15. Regt. 13. Skir., slight loss. 

Bolivar Heights, Va. 
Oct. 16. Regt. 13. det. 

BalVs Bluff, Va. 

Oct. 21. Regt. 15. 

19. 



20. 



44 k. [F.] 
2 Cos. crossed 

river, not eng'd. 
38 k. [F.] 



1862. . 

Boanoke Island, X. C. 
Feb. 8. Regt. 21. 13 k. [F.] 

23. 3 k. 8 wd. 

24. Not engaged. 

25. 11 k. [F.] 
27. 5 k. 

Also a signal corps of 28 2d 
Lieutenants, mostly from 
Mass. Regts. 
Mississippi City, Miss. 
Mar. 8. Regt. 26. Detail of 100 men. 
1 wd. 
Hampton Boads, Va. 
Mar. 9. Regt. 29. Served a land bat- 
tery. No loss. 
Xewbern, JST. C. 
Mar. 14. Regt. 21. 23 k. [F.] 

23. 12 k. 42 wd. 

24. 10 k. 45 wd. 

25. 5 k. [F.] 
27. 15 k. [F.] 

Strasburg, Va. 
Mar. 27. Regt. 2. No loss. 

Bass Christian (Biloxi), Miss. 
April 4. Batt. 6. Present, not eng'd. 

Howard's Mills (near Yorktown), Va. 
April 4. Batt. 5. No loss. 

Yorktown, Siege of. 
April 5.— May 3. Regt, 1. 



| 1862. — Siege of Yorktown (continued). 
I April 5— May 3. Regt. 20. No lo»s. 
22. 1 k. 8 wd. 
Batt. 3. 2 k. 3 wd. 
" 5. AtHow'd's 
Mills, Apr. 4. 
Camden, X. C. 
April 19. Regt. 21. 7 k. [F.] 

Williamsburg, Va. 
May 5. Regt. 1. 12 k. [F.] 
7. 1 k. 2 wd. 

10. Support. No loss. 

11. 15 k. [F.] 
West Point, Va. 

May 7. Regt. 15. Support, no loss. 
19. 
20. 
Batt. 1. No loss. 
Trenton Bridge, X. C. 
May 15. Regt. 17. No loss. 
25. 
27. 
Newbern, X. C. (n?ar). 
May 22. Regt. 17, Co. I. 

Winchester, Va. 
May 25 (including Front Royal and 
Newtown, May 23, 24). 

Regt. 2." 16 k. [F.] 
Hanover Court House, Va. 
May 27. Regt. 9. 2 k. [F.] 
22. 1 k. 7 wd. 
Batt. 3. 1 sec. 1 k. 1 wd. 

5. Present, not eng'd. 
Pocataligo, S. C. 
May 29. Regt. 1 Cav. 2 C03. No loss. 

Fair Oaks, Va. 
/May 31. Regt. 7. 4 wd. 
t June 1. 10. 39 k. [F.] 

15. 10 k. [F.] 

19. Picket & res. 

20. 5 k. [F.] 
Brigade inc. Regts. 1, 11 & 16, held 

Poplar Hill, not reached by enemy. 

Legare's Boint, S. C. 
June 2. Regt. 28. Skir., 4 wd. 

Tranter's Creek, X. C. 
June 5. Regt. 24. 8 Cos. 6 k. 6 wd. 

Bass Manchac, La. 
June 15. Batt. 4, 1 section. 



9. 
10. 
11. 
15. 
18. 
19. 



3 Cos. 4 k. 
14 wd. 
Not active. 
No loss. 



Ik. [F.] 



Secessionville, James Island, S. 

June 16. Regt. 28. 20 k. [F.] 

1 Cav. Co. H. 

Williamsburg Boad, Va. 
June 18. Regt. 16. 29 k. [F.] 

Oak Grove, Va. 
June 25. Regt. 1. 
7. 
11. 



a 

Res. 



16. 
19. 



14 k. [F.] 

2 k. 14 wd. 

Skir., 2 k. 

4 k. [F.] 

13 k. [F.] 



[F.] 
+ 



1892.] Battles and Casualties of Mass. Troop 



s. 



33 



1862 (continued). 

Vicksburn, Miss. 
June 26-29.' Regt. 30. Not engaged, 
worked on canal. 
Batt. 2. 1 k. 
6. Fart. 
Mechanic sville, Va. 
June 26. Regt. 9. Slightly engaged. 
2k. [F.] 
22. 6 Cos. sup. 3 k. 
Batt. 1. No loss. 
3. 1 wd. 
Gaines's Mill, Va. 
June 27-28. Regt. 9. 87 k. [F.] -f 
10. No loss. 
15. " 

22. 84 k. pp.] 
29. Covered retreat 
1 k. 
Batt. 1. Sev. wd. 
3. 2 k. 1 wd. 
5. 2 k. 3 wd. 
Allen's Farm or Peach Orchard, Va. 
June 29. Regt. 19. Support. 

20. Not active. 

Savage's Station, Va. 
June 29. Regt. 1. Sup. battery. 
10. Repelled Cav. 

dash only. 
15. Few wd. 
19. Under fire, not 
engaged. 



20. 1 k. [F.] 
29. Total 7 days. 



6 k. 



Glendale, Va. 

June 30. Regt. 1. 20 k. [F.] 

11. 1 k. [F.] 

15. Support. No loss. 

16. 33 k. [F.J -f 
20. 8 k. [F.] -f 
22. Support. 

29. 

Batt. 1. 2 k. 

Malvern Hill, Va. 
July 1. Regt. 1. 1 k. [F.] 
9. 24 k. TF.l 

10. 13 k. [F.] + 

11. No loss. 
15. " » 

19. 3 k. [F.] 

20. 1 k. [F.] 
22. 9 k. 41 wd. 
29. Support. 

Batt. 1. No loss. 
3. " " 
5. 2 wd. 

Baton Bouge, La. 
Aug. 5. Regt. 30. Sup. 3 k. 15 wd. 
Batt. 2. 4 wd. 1 pris. 
4. 1 k. 5 wd. 
6. 40 men in action. 
3 k. 9 vd. 



1862 (continued). 

Malvern Hill, Va. (JReconnoissance.) 

Aug. 5. Regt. 1. 1 wd. 

11. 2 k. [F.] 

15. Fresent, not eng'd. 

16. 1 k. [F.] 

19. Not engaged, 

20. " 

Cedar Mountain, Va. 
Aug. 9. Regt. 2. 5Q k. [F.] 

12. 1 k. 10 wd. by Art. 

fire. Not eng'd. 

13. Fresent, not active. 

No loss. 

Eelley's Ford, Va. 
Aug. 21. Regt. 28. Sup. Cav. skir., 
not engaged. 

Bappahannocl:, Va. 
Aug. 23, 25. Regt. 21. Skir. 

Batt. 8. No loss. 

Kettle Bun, Va. 
Aug. 27. Grover's Brig, was on the 
field but not in action. 
Regt. 1. 

11. 1 wd. by shell. 
16. 

Cfroveton and Gainesville, Va. 
Aug. 28-29. Regt. 12. Fart on skir. line 
under Art. fire. 
1 k. 10 wd. 

Manassas, Va. (2nd Bull Bun). 
Aug. 30. Regt. 1. 15 k. [F.] 
9. 5 wd. 

11. 28 k. [F.] 

12. 15 k. 60 wd. 

13. 21 k. 108 wd. 

15. Covered retreat. 

16. 31 k. [F.] + 
18. 54 k. [F.] -b 
21. 7 wd. on march, 

not engaged. 

28. 26 k. [F.] 

29. Rear guard. 

I H. A. Near field, not 
engaged. 
Batts. 1, 5, 8. No loss. 

Chaniilly, Va. 
Sept. 1. Regt. 21. 400 men engaged. 
38 k. [F.] -4- 
28. 21 k. [F.] 
Batt. 8. No loss. 

Poolesrille, Md. 
Sept. 5. Regt. 1 Cav. 3 wd. 35 pris. 

Washington, JV. C. 
Sept. 6. Regt. 24. Cos. B & T>. 
1 k. 5 wd. 

Ponchatoula, La. 
Sept. 14. Regt. 26. 100 men engaged. 
No loss. 

































- 









34 



Hattles and Casualties of Mass. Trooj)s. 



[Jan. 



1862 {continued). 

South Mountain, Md. 
Sept. 14. Regt. 12. Ik. sev. wd. 
13. Support. 

21. Support. 5 wd. 
28. Supports picket. 

Ik. [F.] 
35. 5 k. [F.] + 
Batt. 1. No loss. 
8. 1 k. 4 wd. 

Antietam, Md. 

Sept. 17. Regt. 2. 20 k. [F.] 

9. Reserve. 

12. 74 k. 165 wd. out 

of334. [F.] -f 

13. 15 k. 120 wd. 
15. 108 k. [F.] 

18. Sup. Batt. beyond 

Creek. 

19. 25 k. [F.] + 

20. 20 k. [F.] 

21. 10 k. [F.] 

22. Reserve. ' 

28. 26 k. [F.] 

29. 9 k. 31 wd. -f 
32. Reserve. 

35. 73 k. [F.] + 
Batt. 3. No loss. 
8. 1 wd. -(- 

BlackfonVs Ford, Sheppardstown, Va. 
Sept. 20. Regt. 18. 3 k. 11 wd. 1 m. 

22. 2 k. 
Batt. 3. No loss. 

Leesburg, Va. 
Oct. 16. Batt. 3. 1 wd. 

Pocotaligo, S. C. 
Oct. 22. Regt. 1 Cav. Ind. Battalion, 
Cos. I, K, L, M. 7 wd. 
Blackwater, Va. 
Oct. 24. Regt. 6. Slightly eng'd, 
no loss. 
Labadiesville, La. 
Oct. 25. Batt. 4. 1 section. 
6. (?) 
Bowies' Mills, iV. C. 
Nov. 2. Regt. 23. Not active. 
24. 1 k. 
27. Reserve. 
44. 2 k. 6 wd. 
■ Williamstown, N. C. (near). 
Nov. 2. Regt. 5. Slight, no loss. 

Snicker's Gap, Va. 
Nov. 3. 1 Cav. 1 k. 3 wd. 

Bachelor's Creek, N. C. 
Nov. 11. Regt. 24. Co. H. Ik. 1 wd. 
Night attack on outposts. 
Fayettenille, and White Sulphur 
Springs, Va. 
Nov. 15. Regt. 35. Fired on by Art. 
while marching. No loss. 
Blackwater, Va. 
Nov. 17. Regt. 6. Some firing, no loss. 



1862 (continued) 

Bai/ou Bontecar, La. 
Nov. 21. Regt. 31. 3 Cos. 

Bonfoaca, La. 
Nov. 26. Regt. 31. 3 Cos. on steamer 
fired on from 
shore. 
Batt. 4. 
Beaver Dam Church, Va. 
Dec. 1. Regt. 6. Not active. 

Plymouth, y. C. 
Dec. 10. Regt. 3. Co. I. 2 k. 

Zuni, Va. 
Dec. 12. Regt. 6. Co. I, skir. 1 k. 

Fredericksbu rg , Va . 
Dec. 13. Regt. 1. Picket. 3 k. [F.] 
7. Guard. 1 k. 
9. 4 k. [F.] 

10. Not engaged. Cov. 

retreat. 

11. Guard. 2 wd. 

12. 17 k. 85 wd. -f- 

13. Skir. 3 k. 11 wd. 

15. Picket & sup. 15 k. 

17] 

16. Picket & sup. 4 k. 

[F-] 

18. Charged. 13 k. 

121 wd. 

19. 29 k. [F.] 

20. 48 k. [F.] -4- 

21. 13 k. [F.J -f 

22. 11 k. 44 wd. 

28. Charged. 36 k.[F.] 

29. Res. & sup. 
32. 6 k. [F.] 

35. 12 k. [F.] 

36. Below city. 2 wd. 

by Artillery. 

37. Und. fire. Ik. [F]. 
1 Cav. Reserve. 

Batt. 1. 2 wd. 

5. 1 k. 1 wd. 
Kinston, N. C. 

Dec. 14. Regt. 3. Not active. 

5. Guard wagons. 

17. Support. 

23. Sup. 1 k. 1 wd. 

24. Not active. 

25. Sup. No loss. 

27. Not eng'd, rear gd. 

43. Not active. 

44. " 

45. 15 k. 43 wd. 

46. Sup. BaU. No loss. 
51. Guard prisoners. 

Whitehall, A r . C. 

Dec. 16. Regt. 3. Not active. 

5. 3 wd. 

17. Across river. 

23. 16 k. 46 wd. 

24. Sup. 1 k. 

25. Vols. skir. 1 wd. 



A *J>«JO 4 \JtJ 



1892.] Battles and Casualties of Mass . Troops. 



35 



1862 Whitehall, N. C. (continued). 

Dec. 16. Regt. 27. Not eng'd, rear gd. 

43. Sup. 1 k. 

44. 8 k. 14 wd. 

45. 4 k. 16 wd. 

46. Detail. 1 wd. 
51. Not engaged. 

Goldsborough, iV. C. 
Dec. 17. Regt. 3, Tore up railroad 





track, under lire. 




6 wd. 


5. 


Sup. Batt. 5 wd. 


17. 


Total loss on ex- 




pedition, 1 k. 29 




wd. Chiefly here. 


23. 


No loss. 


24. 


Not engaged. 


25. 


2 k. [F.] 


27. 


Ik. [F.] 


43. 


Detail. 3 k. 


44. 


Reserve. 


45. 


Not active. 


46. 


Sup. Batt. & rear 




guard. 1 k. 3 wd. 


51. 


Rear guard. 


Bonfouca, La. 




Dec. 23. Regt. 31 


3 Cos. 


Batt. 4 




1863. 


Galveston, Tex. 




Jan. 1. Regt. 42. 


3 Cos. captured. 


Bayou Teche, La 




Jan. 14. Batt. 4. 




6. 





Young's X Roads, W. C. 
Jan. 19. Regt. 51. 5 Cos. No loss. 

Deserted House, Va. 
Jan. 30. Rest. 6. 5 k. 7 wd. 
Batt. 7. No loss. 

Kinston Boad, X. C. 
Mar. 6-7. Night. Skir. 

Regt. 25. 3 Cos. 2 wd. 

Deep Gully, skir. near Newhern, N. C. 
Mar. 14. Regt. 25. 1 wd. 

Port Hudson, La. (rear). 
MaT. 14. Regt. 30. Sup. Batt. 

Batt. 2. 1 sec. No loss. 

Blackwater, Ya. 
Mar. 17. Batt. 7. 4 k. 7 wd. 

Kelley's Ford, Va. 
Mar. 17. Regt. 1 Cav. No loss. 
1 officer k. on det. duty. 

WinfieU, N, C. 
Mar. 23. Regt. 27. Cos. G & H. 2 k. 

Washington, K. C. 
Mar. 30.— Apr. 16. Regt. 27. 

44. 1 d. of 
wds. 



1863 (continued). 

Blount's Mill, X 
April 9. Regt. 3. 



17. 

43. 



c f ~": •■ 

No loss. *-- '^— ■ 

Not active. 

1 wd. 

8 wd. 

Sup. No loss. 



Bisland, La. 
April 12-14. Regt. 4. 
31. 
38. 
41. 
53. 
Batt. 2. 
6, 
Siege of Suffolk 
April 12.— May 4. 



Skir. No loss. 
7 Cos. 1 k. 5 wd. 
6 k. 29 wd. 
Reserve. 
3 k. 11 wd. 
No loss. 
1 k. 1 wd. ■+- 
Va. 

Regt. 6. 3 wd. 
Batt. 7. No loss. 
Core Creek, N. C. 
April 16. Regt. 3. No loss. 
5. " " 
Dover Boad, X. C. 
April 28. Regt. 17. No loss. 
27. 1 wd. 
45. 1 k. 4 wd. 
Fitzhugh's Crossing, Va. 
April 29, 30. Regt. 13. 2 k. 1 wd. by 
Art. fire while 







lying near river. 


Chancellor sv ille , 


Va. 


May 1-4. Regt. 1. 


15 k. [F.] 




2. 


31 k. [F-l 




7. 


23 k. 114 wd. 




9. 


2 k. Skir. [F.] 




10. 


16 k. [F.] 




11. 


15 k. [F.j 




12. 


2 wd. 4 in. Recon. 




13. 


7 wd. Recon. 




15. 


With 6th Corps. 
2wd. 




16. 


19 k. [F.] 




18. 


Not eng'd ; under 
fire. Ik. 13 wd. 




19. 


With 6th Corps. 
No loss. 




20. 


With 6th Corps. 
Ik. 




22. 


1 k. by shell. 




28. 


No loss. 




32. 


1 k. 4 wd. 




33. 


Not act. 5 wd. 2m. 




37. 


3 k. [F.] 


Batt. ! 


1 k. sev. wd. 




3. 


Not active. 




5. 


At close. No loss. 


Bapidan Station, 


Va. 


May 1. Regt. 


1 Cav. 1 k. 


Xansemond, 


Va. 




May 3. Regt. 


40. 


Skir. 


Batt. 


7. 


No loss. 



Ashby's Gap, Va. 
May 12. Regt. 2 Cav. 



























... 





















36 



Battles and Casualties of Mass. Troops. 



[J 



an. 



1863 (continued). 
Carsville, Va. 
May 14-16. Regt. 6. 5 k. 11 wd. 
Batt. 7. 1 sec. 1 wd. 
Plain Stores, La. 
May 21. Regt. 30. Skir. Sup. Batt. 
4 wd. 

48. 2 k. 7 wd. 11 pris. 

49. Several wd. 
Batt. 4. Xot active. 



<-?wm Swamp, JV. 
[ay 22. Regt. 3. 


No loss. 


5. 
25. 
27. 
46. 


3 wd. 

3 k. [F 
No loss. 



Bachelor's Creek, JV. (7. 
May 23. Regt. 46. Cos. A, I. -f 

Franklin, La. 
May 25. Regt. 41. Attacked on march. 
Ik. 
Port Hudson. La., Siege of • 
f May 27. Regt. 4. In trenches. 
\july 9. 30. Skir. Sup. Batt. 

19 wd. 
31. 14 k. 48 wd. 
38. 50 k. 164 wd. 
42. 17 k. 81 wd. 

48. 7 k. 41 wd. 

49. 17 k. 81 wd. 

50. 1 k. 4 wd. 

52. 9 k. 

53. 17 k. [F.j 
Batt. 2. No loss. 

4. 2 wd. 
8. 1 k. 
10. Not engaged, 

12. 2 det. No loss. 

13. 8 guns. 31 days. 

No loss. 

Warrenton Road, Va. 
June 3. Regt. 1 Cav. Scouting. 1 k. 
1 wd. 

Franklin's Crossing, Va. Rappahan- 
nock. 
June 5. Batt. 1. 

. Beverly Ford, Va. Brandy Station. 
June 9. Regt. 2. 1 k. [F.j 

33. Not active. 3 wd. 
ICav. Near. 3 k. 9 wd. 

Harper's Ferry, Va. (near). 
June 14. Regt. I H. A. 1 Co. 

Port Hudson, La. (2d assault). 



June 14. Regt. 4. 
31. 
38. 
48. 
49. 
51. 
52. 
53. 



7 k. 61 wd. 
7 k. 24 wd. 
27 k. 77 wd. 
2 k. 1 1 wd. 
1 k. 17 wd. 
Reserve. 
4 k. 7 wd. 
17 k. [F.j 



1863 (continued). 

Aldie, Va. 
June 17. Regt. 22. Sup. Batt. Not 
engaged. 
1 Cav. 20 k. 57 wd. 
90 m. [F.] 
Middleburg, Va. 
June 19. Regt. 1 Cav. Nn loss. 

Jackson X Roads, La. 
June 20. Regt. 52. 2 pris. 

La Fourche Crossing, La. 
June 20, 21. Regt. 26. 3 k. 10 wd. 

42. 80 eng'd. 1 k. 
3 wd. 



Upperville, Va. 
June 21. Regt. 18. 



Cav. Sup. No loss. 



Brashear City, La. 
June 23. Regt. 42. 46 men capt'd. 2 k. 

South Anna, Va. 
June 26. Regt. 2 Cav. Det. 1 k. 1 
wd. from Co. A. 

Gettysburg, Pa. 
July 1-3. Regt. 1. 27 k. [F.] 

2. 45 k. [F.] 

7. Sup. No loss. 
9. Picket skir. 2 k. 

10. Res. 1 k. 3 wd. 

11. 37 k. [F.J 

12. 9 k. 41 wd. 64 m. 

13. 17 k. 72 wd. 100 

pris. 

15. 38 k. [F. 

16. 23 k. [F. 

18. Near wheat field. 

1 k. 13 wd. 

19. 17 k. [F.] -f 

20. 44 k. [F.] 

22. Of 67, 15 k. 25 wd. 
28. 15 k. [F.] 

32. Of 229, 13 k. 62 wd. 

33. Art. fire. 7 k. 38 

wd. 
37. 6 k. [F.] -f 
1 Cav. Not active. 
Guarded pris. 
Batt. 1. 3 wd. 

3. 2 k. 6 wd. 
5. 5 k. 10 wd. 

9. Ilk. 16 wd. 26 pris. 

Baltimore X Roads, Va. 
July 2. Regt. 40. No loss. 

South Anna River Crossing, Va. 
Cen. R. R. 
July 4. Batt. 7. No loss. 

Quaker Bridge, N. C, or Wilcox 
Bridge. 
July 7. Regt. 23. 2 wd. 

27. Sup. Cav. raid. 



1892.] 



Battles add Casualties of Mass. Troops. 



37 



1863 (continued). 

Harper's Ferry Bridge, Va. 
July 7. Regt. 1 H. A. Co. H. Art. 
skir. No loss. 

Jackson, JMiss. 
July 9, 16. Regt. 29. 1 k. 

35. 2 k. 8 wd. 

36. 2 k. 6 wd. Skir. 

line. 
Fort Wagner, S. C. 
f Julv 10. Regt. 24. 4 k. 3 in sortie 
\ Sept.6. of Aug. 26. 

40. 1 k 5 wd. in 

trenches. 
54. Total, 80 k. [F.] 
5*3. Heavy fatigue 
duty, und. tire. 
Jones X Hoods, Va. 
July 11, 13. Regt. 1 Cav. Dismount- 
ed. No loss. 
Ashby Gap, Va. 
July 12. Regt. 2 Cav. 1 k. 7 wd.. 

Donaldsonxille, La. 
July 13. Regt. 30. 8 k. 37 wd. 1 m. 

48. 3 k. 7 wd. 23 pris. 

49. 3 k. 4 wd. 16 pris. 
Batt. 6. 1 wd. 

Shephardstoion, Va. 
July 16. Regt. 1 Cav. No loss. 
• Secessionville, S. C. 
July 16. Regt. 54. 18 k. [F.] 

Fort Wagner, S. C. (2nd assault). 
July 18. Regt. 54. 56 k. [F.J 

Wapping Heights, Va. 
July 23. Regt. 1. Slightly.. No loss. 
9. No loss. 
16. Present. 
32. Not engaged. 
Mt. Tabor Church, N. C. 
July 26. Regt. 17. 3 wd. 

Bayou La Fourche, La. 
July 30. Batt. 6. No loss. 

Jackson, La. 
Aug. 3. Regt. 3 Cav. 4 k. 

Coyle Tavern, Va. 
Aug. 24. Regt. 2 Cav. 2 k. 2 wd. sev. 
pris. 
Culpeper, Va. 
Sept. 13. Regt. 1 Cav. 1 wd. 2 m. 

Baccoon Ford, Va. 
Sept. 14. Regt. 15. Sup. Cav. No loss. 
1 Cav. Art. fire. 2 k. 
8 wd. 2 m. 
Baccoon Ford, Va. 
Sept. 19. Regt. 15. Picket. No loss. 
1 Cav. Not eng'd. 
Blue Springs, Tenn. 
Oct. 10. Regt. 21. Sup. No loss. 
29. No loss. 
36. 6 wd. 



1863 (continued). 

Vermilion Bayou. La. 
Oct. 10. Batt. 2. No loss. 

Culpeper, White Sulphur Springs, Va. 
Oct. 12, 13. Regt. 1 Cav. 1 wd. 

Auburn, Va. 
Oct. 14. Regt. 28. 1 k. [F.] 

1 Cav. 2 Squadrons. 
6wd. 
Batt. 10. 2 wd. 
Bristoe Station, Va. 
Oct. 14. Regt. 15. 4 k. [F.] 
18. 

19. 1 k. [F.] 

20. 1 k. [F.] 
22. 

28. Present. 
Broad Bun, Va. 
Oct. 14. Regt. 1 Cav. 2 Squadrons. 

Can ion Crow, La. 
Oct. 15. Batt. 2. No loss. 
13. " " 
Berrysville. Va. (running light). 
Oct. 18. Regt. 34. 2 k. [F.j 

Wauhatchie, Tenn. 
Oct. 27. Regt. 33. 26 k. 61 wd. lm. -f 

G-rand Coteau, La. 
Nov. 2, 3. Batt. 2. No loss. 
4. 
13. 
Bappahannock Station and Kelley's 
Ford, Va. 
Nov. 7. Regt. 1. No loss. 
7. " " 
9. " " 

10. Sup. 3 k. [F.] 

11. Pursuit only. 
13. Picket, etc. 
16. Pursuit only. 
18. 2 k. 14 wd. 
22. 7 wd. 

32. Support. 
37. 
Batt. 5. No loss. 
10. " " 
Lenoir's, Tenn. 
Nov. 15. Regt. 36. No loss. 

Campbell Station, Tenn. 
Nov. 16. Regt. 21. No loss. 
29. 1 k. 

35. No loss. 

36. 4 k. 17 wd. 3 m. 
Knoxville, Tenn. Siege of 

Nov. 17.— Dec. 4. Regt. 21. 4 k. [F.] 
29. 3 k. 

35. 2 k. on 
29th. [F.] 

36. 1 k. 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Nov. 23-25. Regt. 33. 5 wd. & m. at 
Missionary Ridge. 















































. 











38 



Battles and Casualties of Mass. Troops. 



[Jan , 



1863 (continued). 




Mine Bun, Va. 




Nov 26-30. Regt. 1. 


2 k. [F.j 


7. 


No loss. 


9. 


2 k. [F.] 


11. 


6 k. [F.] 


12. 


Not engaged. 


13. 


" " 


15. 


2 k. [F.] 


16. 


2 k. [F.J 


19. 


1 k. at Robert- 




son's. [F.] 


20. 


Sev. wd. 


22. 


Not engaged. 


28. 


5 wd. 


32. 


Not engaged. 


37. 


Skir, Sev. wd. 


39. 


2 Cos. Skir. 




1 wd. on picket. 


1 Cav. New Hope Ch. 




5 k. 13 wd. 


1 Cav. Parker's 




11 wd. 11 m. 


Batt. 1. 


Saunders' House. 




No loss. 


5. 


1 wd. 


10. 


No loss. 



Knoxville, Tenn. (near). 
Nor. 29. Regt. 35. 2 k. [F.] 

Plain Stores, La. 
Nov. 30. Regt. 3 Cav. Det. fired into 
by guerillas. 5 k. 5 wd. 5 pris. 

Blain's X Roads, Tenn. (slight skir. J. 
Dec. 16. Regt. 36. No loss. 

St. Augustine. Fla. 
Dec. 30. Regt. 24. Woodchoppers fired 
upon. 1 k. 

1864. 

Bealton, Va. 
Jan. 13. Regt. 9. Co. F. Repulsed 
night attack. 

Bachelor's Creek, N. C. 
Feb. 1,2,3. Regt. 17. 3 k. 3 wd. 66 pris. 

Jacksonville, Fla. 
Feb. 7. Regt. 54. Picket skir. when 
landing. 

Barber's Place, St. Mary's River, Fla. 
Feb. 9, 10. Regt. 40. 1 k. 2 wd. 

1 Cav. Indep. Bat- 
talion. 

52 men barricaded 

with. cotton bales, 

repulse attack. 



Gainesville, Fla. 
Feb. 15. Regt. 40. 



Olustee, Fla. 
Feb. 20- Regt. 40 
54. 



4 k. 21 wd. 4 m. 

14 k. [F.j + 
55. Went out in Sup. 

No loss. 
1 Cav. Ind. Battalion. 



1864 {continued). 
Draiusville, Va. 
Feb. 22. Regt. 2 Cav. Det. scouting 
party surprised. 10 k. 
7 wd. 57 pris. 
Henderson Hills, La. 
Mar. 21. Regt. 31. No loss. 

3 Cav. No loss. 
Natchitoches, La. 
Mar. 31. Regt. 3 Cav. 13 wd. 
Batt. 2. 
13. 
Crump's Hill, La. 
April 2. Batt. 2. No loss. 
13. " » 
Wilson's Farm, La. 
April 7. Batt. 2. 
13. 
Sabine X Roads, La. 
April 8. Regt. 31. 8 Cos. Mounted 
throughout cam- 
paign. 8 k. 28 
wd. 26 pris. 
3 Cav. 9 k. 64 wd. 
Batt. 2. 1 k. 18 wd. 12 pris. 
13. 

Pleasant Hills, La. 
April 9, 10. Regt. 31. Wagon guard. 
Batt. 13. No loss. 

Pleasant Hills, La. 
April 12. Regt. 38. Guerilla attack. 

Smith Held, Va. 
April 14. Regt. 23. 2 k. 3 wd. 

25. Little or no part. 
No loss. 
Plymouth, X. C. 
April 17-20. Regt. 2 H. A. Cos. G, H. 
4 k. 275 pris. 
Washington, X. C. (near). 
April 20-30. Regt. 17. 2 k. 

Cane River, La. 
April 23. Regt. 31. Ik. 

38. 5 k. 6 wd. 
3 Cav. Sev. days skir. 
Sev. wd. 
Batt. 13. No loss. 

Muddy Bayou, La. 
April 25. Regt. 3 Cav. Outposts. 
Slight loss. 

Alexandria, La. 
April 26. Regt. 31. Rear gd. No loss. 

Alexandria, La. near ; attack by 
Quantrell's Guerillas. 
May 1. Regt. 3 Cav. 4 k. 6 wd. 

Hudnot's Plantation, La. 
May 1. Regt. 31. 1 k. 8 wd. 

Gov. Moore's Plantation, La. 
May 2. Regt. 31. 2 k. 4 wd. 

Wilderness Tavern, Va. 
May 4. Regt. 18. 2 Cos. sentforw. Ik. 



1892.] 



Battles and Casualties of Mass. Troops. 



39 



1864 (continued). 






Wilderness, Va. 




May 5-7. Regt. 1. 


6 k. [P.] 


7. 


15 k. 105 wd. 


9. 


44 k. [F." 
30 k. [F.j 




10. 




11. 


16 k. IF." 




12. 


21 k. [F.] 


13. 


1 k. 9 wd. 


15. 


10 k. [F.] 
10 k. [F.] 


16. 


18. 


7 k. 19 wd. 


19. 


4 k. [P.] 


20. 


36 k. fF.] 


21. 


3 k. [F.] + 


22. 


17 k. [3T.J1 


28. 


26 k. [F.l 


32. 


7 k. [F.j 


35. 


Gd. supply trains. 


36. 


12k.53Avd.20m. 


37. 


54 k. [F.l 


39. 


2 k. 18 wd. 


56. 


23 k. [F.j 


57. 


94 k. [F'.j 
13 k. [F.j 


58. 


59. 


12 k. 27 wd. 


Batt. 3, 


5, 9, 10, 11. More 


or less eng'd. No loss. 


Port Walthal, Va. 


(near). 


May 6, 7. Eegt. 23. 


No loss. 


24. 


Not engaged. 


25. 


5 k. [F.l 


27. 


2 k. [F.j 





Todd's Tavern, Va. 
May 4, 7. Eegt. 1 Cav. 3 k. 25 wd. 6 in. 

Spottsylvania, Va. 

May 8-18. Eegt. 1. 6 k. [F.j 

7. 6 wd. 

9. 34 k. [F.' 

10. 26 k. [F," 

11. 9 k. [F.] 

12. 20 k. [F.] -f 

13. 10 wd. May 10th. 

15. 14 k. [F.] 

16. 12 k. [F.J 

18. 1 k. 12 wd. 

19. 12 k. [F.] 

20. 25 k. [F.j 

21. 5 k. [F.] 

22. 37 k. [F.] 
28. 30 k. [F.] 
32. 46 k. [F.J 

35. 5 k. [F.] 

36. 27 k. 70 wd. 

37. 32 k. \F.) 

39. 19 k. 121 wd. [FJ. 

56. 30 k. [F.] 

57. 32 k. [F.] 

58. 30k.(R.Po.)[F.] 

59. 11 k. 45 wd. 

1 H. A. At Harris 
Farm, 120 k. 
[F.j May 19. 
Batt. 1. No loss. 

VOL. XLYI. 4 



1864. — Spottsylvania (continued). 

Batt. 3. 2 k. 9 wd. (Lau- 
rel Hill.) 





5. a 


wd. (R. Po.). 




10. 1 k. 2 wd. 




14. 4wd. (R. Ny.) 






later 2 wd. 


Swift Creek, Va. or 


Arroicjield Ch. 


May 9, 10. 


Regt. 23. 


Sup. 5 wd. 




25. 


18 k. [F.l 




27. 


7 k. [F.] 




40. 


Not seriously 
engaged. 


Beaver Dam Station 


Va. 


May 9. Re 


gt. 1 Cav. 


4 wd. 20 pris. 


Ashland, 


Va. 




May 11. Re 


gt. ICaf. 6 k. 10 wd. 12 pris. 


Drury's Bluff, Va. 




May 12-16. 


Regt. 23. 


23 k. 16 wd. 
51 pris. 




24. 


8 k. 43 wd. 




25. 


21 k. [F.] 




27. 


22 k. [F.] 




40. 


10 k. 42 wd. 
22 m. 




4 Cai 






ion, 2 wd. 


Yellow Tavern, Va. 




May 12. Regt. 1 Cav. 


No loss. 


Besaca, Ga. 




May 13-16. 


Regt, 2. 


5 k. fF.] 




33. 


16 k. 7 wd. [F.] 


Mansura, 


La. 




May 14-16. 


Regt. 31. 


2 k. 1 wd. 




38. 


Skir. No loss. 




Batt. 7. 


No loss. 



13. " " 
New Market, Va. 
May 15. Regt. 34. 39 k. [F.] 

Bayou De Glaize, La. 
May 13-18. Regt. 31. 8 k. 24 wd. 
38. No loss. 
3 Cav. Rear gd. 
May 15, 1 k. 2 wd. 
May 18, 2 k. 12 wd. 
HatcMes, Va. 
May 20. Regt. 40. Repulsed att. on 
picket line. 6 k. 16 wd. 
Cassville, Ga. 
May 19-22. Regt. 2. Skir. 

33. Skir. 1 k. 2wd. 
Charleston, S. C, Becon. among Sea 
Islands near. 
May 21-22. Regt. 55. Skir. 1 wd. 

North Anna, Va. 
May 23-27. Regt. 9. 2 k. [F. 

11. Ik. [F. 

12. 5 k- [F.] 

13. 5 wd. 

15. No loss. 

16. " " 

18. 1 wd. 

19. 2L [F.] 



40 



Battles and Casualties of Mass. Troops. 



[J 



an. 



1864. — North Anna, Va. (continued). 
Kegt. 20. 1 k. [E.] 
22. 5 k. [F.] 
28. No loss. 
32. Little loss. 

35. 2 k. [F.] 

36. 1 k. 4 wd. 

37. Skir. No loss. 
39. 1 k. 

56. 11 k. [F.] 

57. 15 k. [F.] 

58. 1 k. [F.] 

59. 2 k. 20 wd. 16m. 
1 H. A. Res. ; det. 

active. 3 k. [F.] 
Batt. 3. 2 wd. 

5. Not act., 1 wd. 
9. Ik. 

10,11,14. No loss. 
Dallas, Ga. [wd. 4 m. 

May 25— June 4. Regt. 33. 10 k. 43 

JETawe's Shop. Salem Church, Va. 
May 28. Regt. 1 Cav. 1 k. 3 wd. 

Totopotomoy, Va. 
May 29-31. Regt. 12. Eng'd 1 hour 
on 30th. 

15. 3 k. [F.] 

16. 1 k. [F.] 

18. 3 wd. Shady 

Grove road. 

19. 1 k. [E.] 

20. No loss. 

21. 3 k. Shady Gro. 

road. [F.l 

22. 3 k. [F.] 
28. 4 k. [F.l 
32. 8 k. [F.] 
58. 3 k. [F.] 

1H. A. Ik. [F.] 
Batt. 3. 2 k. Shady Gro. 
9. No loss. 

Bethesda Church, Va. 

June 1-3. Regt. 9. 3 k. [F.l 

12. 3 k. 

13. 1 k. 

19. Skir. 

20. Charged, June 1. 

21. 13 k. [F.] 

22. 11 k. [F.] 
29. 1 k. 12 wd. 
32. 15 k. [F.l 

35. 2 k. [F.] 

36. 17 k. 33 wd. 
39. Skir. No loss. 

56. 3 k. [F.] 

57. 1 k. [F.j 

58. Skir. 

Batt. 3. Shady Grove, 2 k. 

5. 2 k. 

9. 3 k. [F.l 

10. 1 k. 

11. No loss. 
H. " " 



i*3 
mi 



1864 (continued). 

Cold Harbor, Va. 

June 1-12. Regt. 7. 1 k. 

10. 20 k. & wd. 

11. 2 k. [F.] 

12. Wh. Oak Swamp 

Br. Few wd. 

13. Skir. 1 k. 

15. 5 k. [F.j 

16. No loss. 

18. 14 k. 19 wd. 

19. 6 k. [F.] 

20. 12 k. [F.] 

22. 13 k. 16 wd. 

23. 6 Cos. 9 k. 36 wd. 
25. 74 k. of 310. [F.] 

27. 32 k. [F.] 

28. 10 k. 46 wd. [F.] 

29. 3 wd. 

35. Engineer work. 

Sev. wd. 

36. Skir. 

37. 12 k. [E.] 

39. Skir. 

40. 23 k. 

56. 4 k. [E.] 

57. 7 wd. 

58. 35 k. [F.] -4- 

59. 2k. 15 wd. lopris. 
1 H. A. 4 Cos. at 

Shady Grove road 
under fire June 
4-12. 6 k. [F.] 
Batt. 1. 1 k. 5 wd. 
3. No loss. 
5. 3 k. 
10. 4 k. [E.] 
14. No loss. 

Piedmont, Va. 
June 5. Regt. 34. 22 k. [E.] 

Kenesaw Mountain, Ga. 
June 9-30. Regt. 2. Ik. [F.j 

33. Skir. 8 k. 22 wd. 

Petersburg, Va. 
June 10. Regt. 4 Cav. 1st Battalion. 
1 k. 2 wd. 

Trevellian Station. Va. 
June 11, 12. Regt. 1 Cav. Not seri- 
ously eng'd. No loss. 

White Oak Sicamp Bridge, Va. 
June 13. Regt. 12. 4 wd. 

39. No loss. 

Baylor's Farm, Va. 
June 15. Regt. 5 Cav. 3 k. 19 wd. 

Petersburg, Va. 
June 15-18. Regt. 10. 1 k. June 18. 
PM 

11. 5 k. [F.] 

12. About R. R. 

No loss. 
15. 8 k. of 75 men. 

pa 















' 















1892,] Battles and Casualties of Mass, Troops. 



41 



1864. — Petersburg, Va. (continued). 
Eegt. 16. 6 k. [F.] 

18. Reserve. 

19. 2 k. [F.] 

20. Loss not driven. 

21. 6 k. [F.] 

22. June 18. Skir. 

charge. 9 k. 
[F.J 
25. Charged June 
15, 18. 11 k. 
[F.] 

27. Charged June 

15. 18. 22 k. 

28. Charged June 

16. Sup. 17, 
18. 6 k. [F.] 

29. Charged June 

17. 11 k. 
32. Char. June 18. 

10 k. [F.] 

36. Of 90. 10 k. 

18 wcL 

37. Skir. & adv. 

June 18. 4 k. 

39. Adv. June 18. 

5 k. 

40. No loss given. 

56. Assault June 

17. 21k. [F.] 

57. Assault June 

17. 20 k. 
[F.] 

58. Assault June . 

17&18. 12 k. 
PP.] + 

59. Assault June 

17. Ilk. 58 
wd. 
1 H. A. Assault. 
June 16. 17, 18, 
C6k. [F.] of 
which 54 k. 
June 16. 
Batt. 5. June 18. 2 k. 
2wd. 
9. June 18. 2 k. 

5 wd. 
10. No loss. 
14. 2 k. 1 wd. 
Lynchburg, Va. 
June 17, 18. Eegt. 34. 6 k. [F.] 

Salem Church, Va. 
June 21. Eegt. 1 Cav. Slightly eng'd. 

Weldon B. B., Va. 
June 22, 23. Eegt. 15. Lostpris. all but 
1 off. 5 men. 
19. 1 k. [F.] 
1H.A. 19. k. [F.] 
Batt. 10. No loss. 
Kenesaw Mountain, Ga. 
June 22. Eegt. 2. 2 wd. 

S3. 8 k. 18 wd. 



1S64 (continued). 

Samaria Church, Va. 
June 24. Regt. 1 Cav. 1 k. 2 wd. 2 m. 

James's Island, S. C. 
July 2. Eegt. 54. No loss. 

55. 11 k. 18 wd. -f- 
4 Cav. (2nd Battalion) 
Total loss, July 2-9. 
1 k. 2 wd. 

John's Island, S. C. 
July 5, 7, 9. Regt. 4 Cav. (2nd Battalion) 

Mt. Zion Church, Va. (Aldie). 
July 6. Eegt. 2 Cav. Detachment, 
8 k. 9 wd. 33 pris. 

Fort Stevens, D. C. and Bockville. 
July 12, 13. Eegt. 37. 2 k. [F.] 

2 Cav. 6 k. 40 wd. 
about 50 pris. 
Snicker's Ferry, Va. 
July 18. Eegt. 34. 3 k. [F,] 

37. Det. on picket. 
No loss. 

Peach Tree Creek, Ga. 
July 20. Eegt. 2. Eeserve. 

Deep Bottom, Va. 
July 21. Batt. 10. Eeserve. 

Winchester, Va. 
July 24, 25. Eegt. 34. No loss. 

Deep Bottom, Va. 
July 27, 28. Regt. 11. Present. No loss. 

19. Skir. Earth 

works. 3 k. 

20. 2 k. [F.] 

26. Present. No loss. 
28. 2 k. [F.] 
1 Cav. Malvern Hill. 

3 k. 13 wd. 2 m. 
1 H. A. inclu. opera- 
tions of Aug. 10 k. 
& wd. at this place. 
Batt. 10. No loss. 

Atlanta, Siece of, Ga. 
July 28.— Sept. 2. Eegt. 2. 5 k. [F.] 
33. Train gd. 

Crater, Petersburg, Va. 

July 30. Eegt. 11. In lines. 1 wd. 

21. Ledatt. 7 k. [F.] 

23. Not in action. 

29. 3 k. 7 wd. 

35. 13 k. [F.] 

40. Sup. 9 wd. 

56. 13 k. [F.] 

57. 15 k. [F.] 

58. 14 k. [F.] 

59. 8 k. 25 wd. 47 pris. 
Batt. 5. 1 wd. 

Lee's Mills, Va. 
July 30. Eegt,. 1 Cav. 1 wd. 



42 



Battles and Casualties of Mass. Troops. [Jan. 



1864: (continued). 

Deep Bottom, Strawberry Plains, Ya. 
Aug. 14-18. Regt. 11. 2 wd. 

19. 3 k. [F.] 

20. No loss. 

24. 19 k. 99 wd. 

12 m. 
28. 6 k. [P.] 
1 Cav. Near on 
picket. Ik. 3wd. 
5 m. 

1 H. A. at this place 

during July and 
Aug. 10 k. &wd. 

Gainesville, Fla. 

Aug. 17. Regt. 4 Cav. Det. from 2nd 

Battalion. 6 k. 50 pris. 

Winchester, Ya. 

Aug. 17. Regt. 2 Car. Losses of Aug. 

8 k. 20 wd. 30 pris. 

Weldon B. B., Six Mile House, Ya. 
Aug. 18, 19,21. Regt. 18. Battalion. No 
loss given. 
21. Remnant of. 

3 k. [F.] 
29. 1 k. 5 wd. 
32. Skir. 3 k. [F.] 

35. 6 k. [F.] 

36. No loss. 

39. 10 k. 35 wd. 
246 m. mostly 
pris. [F.] 

56. 3 k. [F.] 

57. 2 k. [F.] 
59. Part of. 1 k. 

1 Cav. 6 wd. 
Batt. 3. 1 k. 4 wd. 

5. 2 wd. 
9. lwd. 
11. No loss. 
Summit Point, Ya. 
Aug. 21. Regt. 37. Pic't skir., 5 k. [F.] 

Beam's Station, Ya. 
Aug. 23, 25. Regt. 19. No loss. 
20. " " 
28. 2 k. [F.] + 
1 Cav. No loss. 
Batt. 10. 5 k. 19 pris. 
Halltown, Ya. 
Aug. 24. Regt. 2 Cav. During Aug. 
8 k. 20 wd. 30 pris. 

Charlestovm (Balltown), Ya. 
Aug. 28. Regt. 34. Slightly engaged. 
No loss. 

Berry ville, Ya. 
Sept. 3-4. Regt. 34. 1 k. [F.] 
38. Not active. 

2 Cav. 3 k. 12 wd, 

Hawkinsville, Ya. 
S?pt. 16. Regt. 1 Cav. (dismounted). 

2 k. 10 wd. 9 m. 



1864 (continued). 

Sim sport, La. 
Sept. 16. Batt. 2. No loss. 

Atchalafaya, La. 
Sept. 17. Batt. 4. 2 wd. 

Opequan, Ya. 
Sept. 19. Regt. 26. 58 k. TF.] 
80. 2 k. 10 wd. 
34. 23 k. [F.] 

37. 22 k. [F.] -4- 

38. 8 k. 38 wd. 8 pris. 

2 Cav. 2 k. 6 wd. 2 

pris. 

3 Cav. Dismounted. 

19k.87wd. [F.] 
Batt. 1. 4 wd. 
Fishefs Hill. Ya. 
Sept. 21, 22. Regt. 26. Not in action. 
30. 3 k. 7 wd. 
34. 4 k. [F.] 
38. Not in action. 
1 k. 

2 Cav. At Luray. 

No loss. 

3 Cav. Dism'd. 

2 k. 2 wd. 
Batt. 1. 2 wd. 

Waynesboro', Ya. 
Sept. 28. Regt. 2 Cav. 3 k. 5 wd. 2 pris. 
Preble's Farm, Poplar Spring 
Church, Ya. 
/ Sept. 30. Regt. 11. 2 k. [F.] 
\Oct. 1. 18. (Battalion) loss 

not given, -f- 
21. Of 75 men. 4 k. 

10 wd. [F.] 
29. 1 wd. 
32. 5 k. [F.] 

35. 16 k. [F.] 

36. 4 k. 16 wd. 
39. Skir. 

56. 3 k. [F.] 

57. 4 k. [F.~] 

58. 7 k. [F.] 

59. 1 k. 8 wd. 

Arthur's Swamp, Ya. 
( Sept. 30. Regt. 1 Cav. Dismounted. 
\ Oct. 1. 2 k. 3wd. lm. 

Weldon B. B., Yellow Tavern, Ya. 
Oct. 1-5. Regt. 1 H. A. 4 k. [F.] 

Jackson, La. 
Oct. 5. Batt. 2. No loss. 

4. 1 section, no loss. 

Darbytown Boads, Ya. 
Oct. 7. Regt. 24. 2 k. 8 wd. 

4 Cav. 1st Battalion. 

Skir., no loss given. 
Boydtown Plank Boad, Ya. (Becon- 
noissance to). 
Oct. 8. Regt. 57. 14 wd. 

Tom's Brook, Woodstock Paces, Ya. 
Oct. 8, 9. Regt. 2 Cav. 2 k. 10 wd. 



1892.] Battles and Casualties of Mass. Troops. 



43 



1864 (continued). 

Strasburg, Va. (Beconnoissance to). 
Oct. 13. Kegt. 34. 15 k. [F.] 

Darbytown Bead, Va.( Beconnoissance 
to). 
Oct. 13. Regt. 24. 5 k. 14 wd. 

Cedar Creek, Ya. 
Oct. 19. Regt. 26. 5 Cos. 3 k. llwd. 

16 pris. 
30. 12 k. 96 wd. [F.] 
34. 5 k. [F.] 
38. 5 k. 14 wd. 35 pris. 
2Cav. 7 k. 16 wd. [F.j 
3 Cav. Dismounted. 
5 k. 72 wd. & m. 



Hatche 


r's Bun. Ya. 


Oct. 


27. 


Regt 


. 11. 


5 k. [F.j 








19. 
20. 
32. 

35. 
36. 
57. 
59. 


Skir. 1 k. [F.j 

Ik. [F.] 

Not seriously en 

gaged. 
Not engaged. 
Support. 
1 wd. 
No loss. 








1 H. A. 1 k. 6 wd. 








1 Cav. 2 wd. at Din 










widdie C. H. 






Batt 


5. 

9. 
10. 


Not active. 








3 k. 2 wd. 








11. 


No loss. 



Williamsburg Boad, Fair Oaks, Ya. 
Oct. 27, 28. Regt. 24. 2 wd. 

40. Skir., no loss. 

Money Hill, S. C. 
Nov. 30. Regt. 54. 6 Cos. 3 k. 38 wd. 

4 m. 
55. 31 k. 108 wd. 

lpris. [F.] + 

Stoney Creek Station, Ya. 
Dec. 1. Regt. 1 Cav. Sup. bat. no loss. 

Deveaux Neck, S. C. (slight skir.). 
Dec. 6, 9. Regt. 54. No loss. 

55. 1 k. on 9th. 

Weldon B. B., Ya., Expedition. 
Dec. 7, 11. Regt. 11. No loss. 

32. Tore up track. 
39. No loss. 
1 Cav. Three 

Creeks, 1 k. 
1 H. A. No loss. 
Batt. 5. No loss. 
11. " " 

Hamilton, JV. C, Expedition to. 
Dec. 9-12. Regt. 27. 1 k. 



VOL. XL VI. 



4* 



1865. 

Dabney's Mill, Hatcher's Bun, Ya. 
Feb. 5-7. Regt. 11. No loss. 

19. 4 k. [F.] 

20. 1 k. [F.] 

32. 9 k. [F.j 
37. Several wd. 
39. Skir., no loss. 
57. " " " 

1H. A. " " 
Batt. 9. Not engaged. 
10. No loss, -f 
11. 
James Island, S. C. 
Feb. 10. Regt. 55. 1 wd. 

Wilcox Bridge, Wise's Fork, K. C. 

Mar. 8-10. Regt. 17. 10 k. 30 wd. & m, 

23. 3 k. 10 wd, 

25. 5 wd. 

27. 8 k. [F.] 
Einston, N. C. 

March 14. Regt. 23. 3 k. 10 wd. 

South Anna Biver, Ya. 
March 14. Regt. 2 Cav. No loss. 

Averysboro' , JV. C. 
March 16. Regt. 2. 8 k. [F.J 

33. 1 k. 10 wd. 
Bentonville, JSF. C. 

Mar. 19-21. Regt. 2. Sup., not eng'd. 
33. 5 wd. Expedi- 
tion March 22, Ik. 
Fort Stedman, Betersburg, Ya. 
Mar. 25. Regt. 19. Sup. Batt. 11; 
also picket, no loss. 
20. Support. 
29. 10 k. 
37. Skir. 
57. 10 k. [F.j 
59. Caught in works 
and escaped. 
Batt. 11. No loss. 

14. Ik. 4wd. 11 pris. 
Betersburg, Duncan's Bun, Va. 
March 25. Regt. 28. 17 k. [F.] 

1H. A. 3 k. [F.] 
Spanish Fort, Ala. 
Mar. 26.— Apr. 8. Batt. 4. No loss. 
7. 3 wd. 
Boydtown, White Oak Boads, Ya. 
Mar. 29-31. Regt. 19. Sup., no loss. 
32. 1 k. skir. [F.] 
34. 2 k. " [F.] 
1H. A. 3 k. [F.] 
Quaker Boad, Gravelly Bun, Ya. 
March 29. Regt. 28. No loss. 

39. 4 k. sev. wd. 

Dinuriddie Court House, Ya. 
March 29-31. Regt. 2 Cav. Loss not 
definitely given, some 12 k. & wd. 



44 



Genealogical Gleanings in England. 



[Jan 



18 Go (continued). 
Five Forks, Va. 
April 1. Regt. 32. No loss. 

39. Few or no losses. 
2 Cav. 1 k. 7 wd. 
South Side B. B. Petersburg, Va. 
April 2. Regt. 28. Of 20. 6 wd. 
30. Not engaged. 
Petersburg, Va., Fall of. 
April 2. Regt. 19. 1 k. [F.] 

20. Not engaged. 

34. 9 k. [F.J 

35. Carried ammun'n 

under fire. 3 k. 
1 k. 4 wd. 



36. 

37. 
56. 

57. 
58. 
61. 



4 k. [F] 
Skir., no loss. 
7 k. [F.] 
Fort Mahone, 
7 k. 28 wd. + 
1 H. A. No loss. 
Batt. 5. 4 wd. 

9. No loss. 
10. " " 
14. " " 
Fort Blakeley, Va. 
April 2-9. Regt. 31. Escort, no loss. 
Batt. 2. No loss. 
4. " " 



1865 — Fort Blakeley (continued). 
Batt. 7. 1 k. 

15. No loss. 
Sailor's Creek, Va. 



April 6. Regt. 



High Bridge, 



19. Present. 

20. 

28 " 

37*. 14 k. [P.] 

2 Cav. 6 wd. 

1 H. A. No loss. 
Va. 



Apr. 6. Regt. 4 Cav. 3 Cos. 3 officers 
k. 5 wd. on field. 
Batt. 10. No loss. 

. Bice's Station, Va. 
April 6. Regt. 34. 1 k. [F.] 

Farmville, Va. 
April 7, 8. Regt. 19. Not active. 
20. " 
28. " 
1 H A. No loss. 
Batt. 10. No loss. 
Daniels's Plantation, Ala. 
April 11. Batt. 2. No loss. 

Boykin's Mills, S. C. 
April 18. Regt. 54. 5 k. [F.] 

Swift Creek, S. C. 
April 19. Regt. 54. 1 k. 4 wd. 



GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND. 

By Henry F. "Waters, A.M. 
[Continued from vol. 45, page 304.] 

John Best, the son of Rowland Best of Twining, in the Co. of Glouces- 
ter, yeoman, and the son and heir of the said Rowland, deceased, do here 
declare this my last will and testament 18 June 1666, proved 4 May 1667. 
I give to John Best the younger, the son of John Best of Twining, and to 
his heirs, my lands which I purchased of Thomas Darke of Twyning 1654. 
I give to William Hancocke of Twyning gen 1 , the son of William Hancocke 
of Breedon's Norton Esq. my part of a lease granted by the Dean and 
Chapter of Christ Church, Oxon of the Rectory and Parsonage of Twyning 
to Edwin Baldwin and John Porttman of Twyning for one and twenty 
years, the said John Porttman for himself, John Best, John Adams, Thomas 
Sparry and William Deaves &c. To Mary Hancocke, the wife of Richard 
Hancocke twenty pounds, a feather bed and bolster, a pair of sheets, a pair 
of blankets and my best coverlid. To William, Richard, Charles, John, 
George, Rowland and Septimus Hancocke. being the seaven sons of the 
said Richard Hancocke and Mary his wife, unto each of them twenty 
pounds apiece at their ages of one and twenty. To Thomas Best of the 
Kings home near unto the city of Gloucester, gardener, and seven of his 
children, viz* Thomas the younger, John, Edward and Samuel Best, Joane, 



1892.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 45 

Dorothy and Elizabeth Best, unto each of them ten pounds. To Susanna 
Hancocke, the wife of Richard Hancocke of Twyning, ten pounds. To 
Hester Best the daughter of the aforesaid Thomas Best of the Kings home, 
fifty pounds. To Anne Darke, the wife of Thomas Darke of Twyning, 
five pounds. To Charles Hancocke, gen', of the Middle Temple in Lon- 
don, ten pounds. To Thomas Best's two daughters of Breedons Norton, 
Avice Best and Mary Best, ten pounds apiece. To William Hancocke, 
the son of Edward Hancocke of Twyning, ten pounds. To Thomas Sav- 
idge and Richard Savidge, of the city of London, vintners, ten pounds 
apiece. To Richard Wittmore my servant forty shillings. " Item I give 
and bequeath unto Richard Lea, the sonne of Collonell Richard Lea, tenn 
pounds. Item I give and bequeath unto ffraucis Lea another sonne of 
Collonell Richard Lea, tenn pounds and my silver Tankard." To Eliza- 
beth Richards widow, the wife of John Richards, carpenter, deceased, five 
pounds. To William Hancocke, the son of Thomas Hancocke of the city 
of Worcester, clothier, five pounds. To the poor of Twyning eight pounds. 
To John Best of Crornbe, clerk, ten pounds. To John Best of the Stone 
seven pounds which he oweth us. To Sara Hancocke of the city of Wor- 
cester forty shillings. To George Best, the son of John Best of Twyning 
the remainder of my lease of a close of four acres in Twyning. To John Best 
of Twyning the younger, the son of John Best of Twyning the elder, all 
my goods &c unbequeathed: and I make him sole executor. Carr, 53. 

[Who can doubt that the " Collonell Richard Lea" mentioned in the above 
will was Col. Richard Lee of Virginia? His sons were named John, Richard, 
Francis, Hancock and Charles, a very significant array of baptismal names 
considered in connection with the names in this will. The pedigree of the 
familv of Hancock of Twining (co. Glouc.) may be found in the Visitation of 
the County of Worcester, 1682-3, published 1883 (Walter C. Metcalfe, F.S.A.). 
It is perhaps needless to say that I shall bear the names of Best and Hancock 
in mind in connection with this problem. I have already secured a few notes 
about the Hancock family, and found evidence of a connection between Shrop- 
shire and Worcestershire in the will of one John Best in 1G31. — n. f. w.] 

December 1656. John Spencer. On ye thirtieth day issued forth Let- 
ters of Ad on To Anne Fillioll Spinster ye sister by ye mothers side of John 
Spencer late att Jamaica in ye part beyond ye seas, Batchelor deed. To 
Administer all & singuler ye goods chelis and Debts of ye sayd Deed Shee 
being first sworne truely to administer &c, Penelope Spencer ye mother 
Thomas Spencer ye brother & Rachell Spencer the sister haveing in due 
forme of Law renounced ye sayd Adcon of ye sayd deeds goods. As by ye 
Acts of Court may appeare. P. P. C. Admons 1656, folio 316. 

[This is John Spenser, nephew and heir of John Spenser of Newbury, whose 
will, dated August, 1G37, was proved at Salem, March, 1649. In "Austin's 
Rhode Island genealogy, the nephew is mentioned as possibly identical with 
John Spencer of Newport (1661) and East Greenwich (1677). Circumstantial 
evidence pointed to this connection, and the work of Spencer genealogy, now in 
progress, has strongly favored it. Hence the importance of the discovery to 
Spencer family history. 

Some other items about this line of Spencer? in addition to those supplied in 
the will discovered last year by Mr. Waters (see Register, Oct. 1890, vol. 44, 
page 391), are the following. 

The records of burial of the two brothers, John and Thomas, appear together 
in the parish register of Kingston-upon-Thames, co. Surrey, England, under 
date, 1648, June 23 and 29 respectively. 

The neighboring parish of Chertsey has the baptisms of Thomas and Pene- 
lope's children. Their marriage took place Sept. 25, 1623. as recorded in 
register of St. Peter's, Paul's Wharf. Penelope's maiden name was Jernegan. 



4(5 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

She was baptized at Shalford, co. Essex, Oct. 24, 1591. (See Jernegan pedigree, 
in which her name appears in Suckling's Suffolk.) 

A " Parliamentary Survey " made in 1650, of Russells alias Banisters [?] Farm, 
mentioned in the will of Thomas Spenser, is preserved at the Public Record 
Office in London. 

The professional life of Thomas Spenser, younger son of Thomas and Pene- 
lope, was spent in Plymouth, co. Devon. He was a physician. 

Some references to him may be seen in " The Western Antiquary," published 
at Plymouth in Devonshire. — Ray T. Spencer. 

The preceding admon. and notes were furnished me 'by Mr. Spencer of 18 
Bedford Place, Russell Square, London, England. — n. f. w.] 

Sylvester (ante, vol. 37, pp. 291 ; vol. 45, pp. 295-6) : — 
[In the Proceedings Mass. Hist. Soc, Second Series, vol. iv. pp. 270-291, are 
twenty-sis letters from members of the family of Sylvester, written between 
1653 and 1633, several of them from Giles Sylvester in Barbados ; communicated 
hy Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., A.M., from the Winthrop Papers.— Editor.] 

Williams, Dighton and Lugg (ante, vol. 45, pp. 302-4) : — 

[Hon. Josiah H. Drummond, of Portland, Me., in his article previously referred 

to on the Dighton family in the Maine Historical and, Genealogical Recorder, vol. 

6, pp. 562-6, prints the following extract from a deed dated Feb. 11, 1713-14, 

sworn to March 4, 1713-14, and recorded in the Registry of Deeds for Bristol 

County, Mass. : 

"Easter Marshall, a widow four score years of age, living in Norton, 
whose maiden name was Hester Lu££, dau. of Mr. John Lu^g and Jane Lugg 
his wife, who lived "near the city of Gloucester in Great Britain, for and in 
consideration of the care which her son-in-law, John Hall of said Norton, 
hath for many years past taken of her in her old age, and that he con- 
tinueth to take the like care of her,'*aud hath obliged himself to provide for 
her all things necessary for her comfort during her natural life, and for other 
good causes and considerations especially moving," etc. Gives all her 
rights, etc. in the estate of her honored father and mother, John Lugg and 
Jane Lugg, deceased, and in any other estate of her kindred and relatives 
which might come to her in Great Britain or New England, to her son-in-iaw 
John Hall, whom she appoints her attorney. 

This proves that John Lugg and his wife Jane of Boston, came from the 
vicinity of the city of Gloucester, England, and with other known facts leaves 
little doubt that Jane Lugg, was a daughter of John Deighton and a sister of 
Frances wife of Richard Williams and of Katharine successively wife of Samuel 
Hagburne, Gov. Thomas Dudley and Rev. John Allin. Messrs. Lugg, Hagburne 
and Williams probably came from Gloucestershire to New England about the 
same time. 

John Lugg settled at Boston. His lands are recorded in the Book of Posses- 
sions (Record Commissioners' Second Report, part ii., second edition, page 29). 
They were on the southerly side of the present School street, on or near where 
the easterly end of the Parker House now stands. His wife Jane was admitted 
to the First Church, Feb. 10, 1638-9 (Winsor's " Memorial History of Boston," 
vol. i. p. 572). — After his death his widow married Jonathan Negus. On the 
27th of October, 1647, Negus was " granted the inheritance of the house and 
ground of John Lug to the value of 20 u that he may dispose of the same towards 
the education of his five children" (Mass. Col. Records, ii. 198). 

Besides Esther, the maker of the deed, who must have been born in England, 
John and Jane Lugg had three children, born in Boston, where their births are 
entered on the town, and their baptisms on the church, records. Tneyfwere 
Elizabeth, b. 1638-9; Mary, b. 1642, and John, b. 1644. Esther Lugg married 
1st, James Bell. For a record of their children see Register, vol. 16, pp. 327-8. 
He was killed by the Indians in 1676, while laboring in the field in that part; of 
Taunton now Kaynham (Baylies's Memoir of Plymouth Colony, part 3, p. 192). 



1892.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 47 

His widow Esther married Richard Marshall, Feb. 11, 1C7G-7 (Register, vol. 
17, p. 236). Of the children of James and Esther Bell, Mary, b. July 7, 1669. 
married July 19. 1093, Joseph Hall, ancestor of Capt. John W. D. Hall of Taun- 
ton, secretarv of the Old Colony Historical Societv. Another daughter Esther, 
b. Aug. 15, 1672, married Dec* 14, 1692, John Hall of that part of Taunton 
■which afterwards became Norton and then Mansfield. He is the son-in-law 
mentioned in the deed. For these facts I am chiefly indebted to a letter of Capt. 
Hall and the article by Mr. Drummond in the 3Iaine Historical and Genealogical 
Recorder, vol. 6, pp. 362-6. 

An article on the family of "Williams of TVooton-under-edge appears in the 
Gloucestershire Notes and Queries for July, 1891, vol. v. pp. 92-6. In the same 
magazine, Sept. 1891, vol. v. pp. 135-6, is an article by Ml. Conway Dighton of 
Cheltenham on the Deightons of Gloucestershire. — Editor.] 

[The following wills of members of the Gyse or Guise family of Gloucester- 
shire (See Heraldic Visitation of that county) will prove of interest through 
their mention of Washingtons and also of Haviland, with whom the Holworthy 
family and the Torrey family of New England were connected. — n. r. w.] 

John Guyse of Elmore, Glouc, gen*. 31 March 1614 proved 24 October 
1614. To brother William Guyse the younger one hundred pounds. To 
my sister Havyland for life the use of fifty pounds and after her decease 
the principal to my brother -William Guyse the younger. To brother 
Charles Guyse thirty pounds. To my sister Perrye twenty shillings, not 
that I love her less than any other but because God hath blessed her hus- 
band with so good an estate that she hatli less need than the rest. The 
rest of my goods &c. to brother William Gwyse the elder whom I make 
my executor. Lawe, 98. 

William Guise of the City of Gloucester Esq", 22 July, with a codi- 
cil 30 December, 1640, proved" 31 May 1641. To the poor people of that 
city ten pounds to be distributed amongst them within three months. To 
my beloved brother Sir William Guise, knight, twenty shillings to buy him 
a ring. To the Lady Elizabeth his wife and my kind sister whom I have 
ever found loving to me and mine the like sum of twenty shillings to buy 
her a ring. To my dearly beloved wife my house at Gloucester wherein I 
live and the garden for one and thirty years, if she live so long. To my 
daughter Anne Guise towards her marriage portion three hundred pounds. 
To my daughter Elizabeth Guise three hundred pounds towards her mar- 
riage portion ; these portions to be paid them at their several days of mar- 
riage or several ages of twenty and one years. To my servant Joyce 
Neale my wife's kinswoman ten pounds within one year. All the rest to 
my wife Elizabeth whom I make and ordain sole executrix of this my last 
will and testament " hartely praying her by that true and unfained love 
that wee have borne each to other and the mutuall comfortes wee haue 
enioyed each from other both to our soules and bodies, to haue a care of 
those o r daughters the pledges of our unfained love and as shee hath 
hitherto donne soe to continewe to breed them upp and instruct them in the 
feare of God soe shall wee all I hope one day meete againe to our ever- 
lastinge comforte in the kingdome of Heaven."' 

The codicil is as follows : — I give to my kind brother Hauiland and sis- 
ter and my nephew Matthewe Haviland to each of them twenty shillinges 
to buy them a ring. Item, I give to my tru3ty servant Richard Merrye 
forty shilliugs. Item I give to my servant Edward Wheeler forty shillinges. 
To my servant Richard Hancock the horse that his mother gave me when 
he came to me. To my servant Anne Nashe twenty shillings. 

In presence of Robert Haviland and Matthew Haviland. 

Evelyn, 60. 
















































































. ■***, 















48 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

William: Gyse, of Elmore (Glouc.) Esq. 10 November 1C50, proved 
14 September 1653. To be interred in the parish church of Elmore near 
mv father. To my wife Cissely all my plate, household stuff and goods of 
what quality and sort soever, and one lease which my father (Sir William 
Gyse) purchased of Mr. Oekald for three of my brothers lives, viz 1 . George, 
Anthony and Edward Gyse, one of which lives is since deceased, viz. 
George &c. Other leases to her. To my eldest daughter Elizabeth Mor- 
ton twenty shillings to buy her a ring. To my second daughter Ellinor 
Washington twenty shillings to buy her a ring to remember me. To my 
third daughter Frances Codrin^ton twenty shilling &c. And I desire to 
have this poesy engraven in the inside of all their rings — Vive ut Vivas. — 
All the rest to my eldest son Christopher Gyse whom I make sole executor. 

Brent, 41, 

[A pedigree of the Havilands may be found in the Visitation of Gloucester- 
shire (Karl. Pub. vol. 21, p. 78). Jane, daughter of Robert Haviland by Eliza- 
beth (Gyse) was the wife of William Torrey of New England. See Haviland 
and Torrey wills, Register, vol. 4&, pp. 150-3; 298-302. — h. r. w.] 

Washington. 

John Woodward of Quinton, in the Co. of Gloucester, gen*, 21 April 
1612, proved 13 May 1612. My body to be buried in the parish church 
of Stratford upon Avon near to the grave there of my deceased father 
Richard Woodward gen 1 . To William Abraham, my godson, son of 
Richard Abraham of Quinton, Bucks, gen 1 , my messuage or tenement in 
Stratford wherein Frances Woodward my mother now dwelleth. 

Item, I give and bequeath unto Thomas Washington gen*, my wife's 
brother-in-law, all that my pasture ground and meadow in Quinton, Glouc, 
for the term of one thousand years, he paying yearly unto Alice my wife, 
during her natural life one annuity of twenty pounds heretofore by me 
granted unto her, issuing forth of the said lands. To John Lane son of 
Nicholas Lane gen*, five pounds. To John Perkins my servant ten pounds. 

My wife Alice to be sole executrix and my uncle Thomas Woodward 
gen*, my brother-in-law Richard Murden*gen* and Nicholas Lane gen* to 
be overseers. Fenner, 42. 

[This John Woodward was the one who 'married Alice the widow of Sir. 
Walter Washington of Radway, Warwickshire (see the Washington Pedigree). 
Her will (1612-1647) has already been published (Register, vol.^, p. 112, Oct. 
1889). The above testator belonged to the family of Woodward of Butlers 
Marston (see Visitation of Warwickshire, Harl. So. Pub. pp. 119 and 227), be- 
ing a son of Richard Woodward of Stratford upon Avon, and Prances, daughter 
and heir of Paiot. His wife Alice was a daughter of John and Katherine Morden 
alias Murden, of Morton Morell, Warr. (see same Visitation, p. 319). — h. f. w.] 

Catherine Curtis of Islipp in the Co. of Northampton " gen*," 6 De- 
cember 1622, proved 17 June 1626. My body to be buried in the church 
of Islipp. To Mordant Washington, my godson and grandchild, the sum 
of fifty pounds to be employed and laid out for his best benefit and to be 
paid unto him, with a true account of the profits and gain thereof, when ha 
shall come to the age of twenty and one years, and if he depart this life 
before his age of one and twenty years then my executor shall pay the 
aforespid sum, with all profits by it made, unto the next child of my natural 
daughter Mary Washington when it shall come to the age of twenty and 
one years, whether the said child be a son or a daughter. I give to my 
natural son Philip Curtis and to my daughter Curtis his wife, to Uie first 



1892.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 49 

begotten by them the sum of fifty pounds, whether it be son or daughter, 
to be paid at the age of twenty and one years. I give unto my natural 
daughter Mary Washington the sum of thirty pounds. All the rest of my 
goods, moveables and chattels unbequeathed, my debts and mortuary paid 
and my body reverently brought to the grave, I give unto my natural and 
well beloved sou Philip Curtis, my sole executor of this my last will and 
testament. 

Michael Westfield was one of the witnesses. Hele, 92. 

[Mrs. Catherine Curtis was the mother of Mary, who was the first wife of Sir 
John Washington of Thrapston, knight (see the Washington Pedinree) and of 
Philip Curtis, who married Amy, one of the sisters of Sir John and of the Rev. 
Lawrence Washington, rectcr of Purleigh. The wills of Philip Curtis and his 
widow, Amy Curtis, have been already published (See Register, vol. 42, pp. 
403, 404, Oct. 13S9).— h. r. w.] 

Ranald Grahme of Nunington, co. York, Esq r , 14 November 1G79, 
with a codicil dated 25 May, 1680, proved 2 December 1685. Body to be 
buried within the parish church or Nunington. To my nephew Sir Richard 
Grahme of Netherby, co. Cumberland, Barr* and to the Honorable the Lady 
Anne Grahme his wife the sum of fifty pounds betwixt them, to buy them 
mourning, and I do hereby recommend Charles Grahme, now eldest sou of 
the said Sir Richard Grahme, to the care and kindness of my dearly be- 
loved wife. Item, I give and bequeath unto Sir Richard Grahme of Nor- 
ton Conyers in the Co. of York, Barr', and his now wife twenty pounds 
apiece to buy them mourning. To my nephew James Grahme, privy purse 
to his R. H. James, Duke of York, and to Dorothy his now wife twenty 
pounds apiece to buy them mourning, and I do hereby release to my said 
nephew James Grahme all such debts as he oweth me upou any account 
whatsoever. To Sir Henry Goodricke, knight and Barr 1 , and to his now 
lady, my niece, twenty pounds apiece to buy them mourning, and moreover 
I give unto his said lady, my niece, my onyx ring which she formerly gave 
me. To my nephew Col. George Le<rg, and Barbara his now wife, and to 
his mother Elizabeth Legg and to William Yilliers Legg, my godson, twenty 
pounds apiece to buy them mourning, and also to Susanna Wilson and her 
husband twenty pounds between them to buy them mourning. To the 
said Col. George Lagg my diamond ring with four great stones in it set 
around with small diamonds, to hold, use and enjoy for the term of his 
natural life, and after his decease I give and bequeath the same to the said 
William L>egg, his son, my godson, forever. To Sir John Churchman 
twenty pounds to buy him mourning. To Katherine Foster late wile of 
Captain Foster ten pounds to buy her mourning. To my sister Sands twenty 
pounds to buy her mourning and to her daughter Elizabeth Washington 
one hundred pounds. Also I do hereby give and bequeath unto Mrs. 
Penelope Washington and Mrs. Mary Washington ten pounds apiece to 
buy them mourning. To Mr. Thomas Jackson one hundred pounds and 
ten pounds more to buy him mourning. I do hereby release unto Edward 
Carleton the twenty pounds he oweth me and I do give him thirty pounds 
more, and five pounds more to buy him mourning. To Richard Grahme 
once my groom four pounds per annum payable quarterly during my wife's 
life. To Archibald Johnston once my butler twenty pounds and to John 
Grahme once my servant five pounds to buy him mourning. To the now 
Lord Bishop of Oxford, the now Lord Bishop of Exeter, to the Lord Chief 
Justice North and to his brother Dr. North, to Richard Allestry Dr. in 
Divinity and Provost of Eaton College, to Dr. Barwwick, to Sir William 



50 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

Wyld of London, Barr*, Sir John Coell. Sir William Turner, Sir Robert 
Clayton, John Morris Esq., Matthew Johnson Esq., Col. Richard Grace, 
Mr. Charles Usher, Mr. George Usher, Mr. John Cooke, Mr. Broughton, 
Mr. Fothergill, Nathan Tilson, Mr. Christopher Conyers of Clifford's Inn, 
Mr. Robert Blanshard and Francis Child, to each of them a ring of the 
value of twenty shilling. To Christopher Story four pounds to buy him 
mourning. To my cousin Richard Grahme, principal of Clifford's Inn, 
London, one hundred pounds, aid twenty pounds more to buy hirn mourn- 
ing. To my cousin Jane Smith and her sister Sara Gregory five pounds 
apiece to buy them mourning. To old Dicke Grahme (annuity). To the 
poor of Nunington, West Ness and Staugrave, York, of Lewsham, Kent, 
and of St. Margaret's, Westminster. To William Charleton of Hasleside, 
Northumberland, and Elizabeth his wife, my niece. To Dame Mary Mus- 
grave, widow, my niece, and to her son Sir Richard Musgrave of Hevton, 
Cumberland, and his sisters Frances and Catherine. To Sir Cuthbert 
Heron of Chipchase, Northumberland, and his lady, my niece, and their 
son Cuthbert. To Winifred Fisher who was the daughter of my master 
William Latham, who was very kind to me when I was his apprentice. To 
my worthy friend Col. Edward Villiers. To Philadelphia Eston daughter 
to Peter Ladore my friend. To my nephews Fergus and Ranald Grahme 
and my niece Margaret Fenwicke. To my nephew William Grahme the 
sum of two hundred pounds, to be paid him within six months next after 
he shall be instituted and inducted vicar of the parish church of Lewsham, 
Kent. For the use of the poor in the parishes of Arthewrett and Kirk An- 
drews, Cumberland. To Ranald Grahme, coachman to my nephew Sir 
Richard Grahme. My little nephew Charles Grahme, son and heir ap- 
parent of my nephew Sir Richard Grahme of Nelherby. 

I make and ordain my worthy friend John, Lord Bishop of Rochester, 
my dearly beloved wife Susanna Grahme and Sir Richard Grahme of 
Netherby executors of my will &c, and desire my said nephew Col. George 
Legg and the said Richard Grahme of Clifford's Inn to be aiding and 
assisting to my said executors. Cann, 150. 

[The above testator belonged to a great border family of whom the Grahams 
of Esk, of Norton Conyers and of Netherley were branches. His wife Susanna, 
whose will has already been given (see Kegister, vol. 42, p. 410, Oct., 1891), 
was a daughter of Sir William Washington (see the Washington Pedigree), a 
sister of Col. Henry Washington, governor of the "ever faithful" city of 
Worcester and a niece of the rector of Purleigh. — h. f. w.] 

William Legge of the parish of little Minories Esq. maketh his will as 
followeth, viz.: to his son William Legge 2000 u at 21 years, to his daughter 
Susan L. 2000 11 at 18 years or marriage, they in the meantime to be main- 
tained out of profits at discretion of executors, his son George Legg and 
Elizabeth his wife Executors, Harry Norwood Esq. and George Wharton 
Esq. trustees. Written according to the directions of the said Testator 
and approved by him in the presence of G. Wharton, H. Norwood, John 
Chambers. 

A nuncupative codicil of the same day, declared that, as the real estate 
in Ireland was settled upon his son George in marriage, it was concluded 
needless to mention it in the Will. His sisters, being three, he recom- 
mended to his son George, who declared he will do as his father hath done 
formerly. He said he had several legacies to poor kindred, but, being de- 
sired to declare those legacies, he named no person, his spirits being *pent 
and faint. Dated ll-8ber, '70, proved 18 February 1670. 





























. 































































1892.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 51 

On the 18 th day of November, A.D. 1700, commission issued to the Lady- 
Barbara, dowager Baroness Dartmouth, relict of George late Baron Dart- 
mouth deceased, one of the executors named in the above will, to adminis- 
ter the goods &c of the said Col. William Legg deceased, left unadminis- 
tered on account of the death of the said Baron Dartmouth, and for the 
reason that Elizabeth Legg, relict and the other executor, had departed 
this life. Dv.ke, 23. 

Dear § Loving Sister, Virginia, June y e 22 d , 1609. 

I had the happiness to see a Letter which you sent to my Aunt Howard, 
who died about a year and a half ago; I had heard of you by her before, 
but could not tell whether you were alive or not. It was truly great joy 
to hear that I had such a relation alive as yourself; not having any such a 
one by my Father's side as yourself. My Father had one Daughter by 
my Mother, who died when she was very young, before my remembrance. 
My Mother had three Daughters when my Father married her, one died 
last winter, and left four or five children, the other two are alive & married 
and have had several children. My Mother married another man after my 
Father, who spent all, so that I- had not the value of twenty shillings of 
my Father's Estate, I being the youngest & therefore the weakest, which 
generally comes off short. But I thank God my Fortune has been pretty 
good since, as I have got a kind and loving wife, by whom I have had three 
sons and a daughter, of which I have buried my daughter and one son. I 
am afraid I shall never have the happiness of seeing you, since it has 
pleased God to set us at such a distance, but hoping to hear from you by all 
opportunities, which you shall assuredly do from him that is. 

Your ever loving Brother 
till death 

Jn° Washington. 

Tf you write to me direct yours to me in Stafford county, on Potomack 
River in Virginia. Vale. 

To Mrs. Mary Gibson, living at Hawnes in BedTs. These sent with 
care. 

[The above very interesting letter has been sent me by Mr. Worthinsrton C. 
Forde (07 Clark Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.) It lias first been published in his 
collection of "Washington Wills (Historical Printing Club, Brooklyn, N. Y., 
1891), as a foot note on page 25. Mr. Ford tells me that it is a copy, sent to 
the President, and it is undoubtedly genuine. It was evidently written by the 
son of Lawrence Washington, the immigrant, to his half sister Mary, daughter 
of Lawrence by his first wife (Mary Jones). It adds to our knowledge her 
married name. She was in all probability, the wife of Edward Gibson, Vicar 
of Hawnes, who died 11 May 1732, set. 71. — M. I. (See Genealogia Bedfordieu- 
sis, by Frederick Augustus Blaydes, printed at the Chiswick Press, 1890). The 
father of Mr. Gibson, of the same baptismal name and likewise Vicar of this 
parish, was buried 25 April, 1690. He died 22 Apr. set. 73. Mary Hazelden of 
Hawnes, in her will, dated 16 June, 1679, mentions her nephew Edward Gibson, 
minister at Hawnes, and his daughter Mary Butler, and sons Edward, John and 
Seth. To her niece Margaret, wife of Edward Gibson, she gave all her lands, 
plate and apparel, and constituted her sole executrix. The Register of Bap- 
tisms shows that the second Mr. Edward Gibson had a wife named Mary. This 
wife, Mary (Washington ?) , probably died before her husband, if I draw 
the correct iuference from his will, which I found in Prerog. Ct. of Cant. 
(Bedford 163), executed 6 Jan. 1723, and proved 17 June, 1732. He calls him- 
self "minister," mentions brothers John and Seth, the latter to be executor. 
Mother deceased. Granddaughter Mary Pemberton (her father deceased). 
VOL. XLVI. 5 



52 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

Sons Edward and George. In 1732, at date of probate, George was of St. 
Martin's in the Fields, Midd., and Edward was of Hawnes. 

I would suggest that the "Aunt Howard" of the letter, was the Martha 
"Washington whom Col. John Washington, her brother, mentions in his will as 
having come to Virginia. — 11. f. w. 

Since the above copy was received from Mr. Waters, the letter of John 
"Washington, June 22, 1699, has been annotated by Mr. Ford and printed in the 
New York Nation, October 15, 1891. 

Hawnes, now spelled Haynes, is a parish in the hundred of Flitt, Bedford- 
shire, about four miles north east of Ampthill. — Editor.] 

In the New York Nation for July 16, 1891, the editor quotes from a corres- 
pondent, who, we are informed* is Mr. N. Darnell Davis of Georgetown, 
Demarara, to the e fleet that the original manuscripts on which Walker's Suffer- 
ings of the Clergy is founded are preserved in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. 
" There are about 25 or 30 volumes in all. Of these some seven are of a bio- 
graphical nature, consisting of letters from persons who gave facts set forth in 
the printed work." Mr. Davis being interested in the question of Washington's 
ancestry made a rapid glance over these volumes, which are not indexed, in the 
hope of finding the letter which gave a good character to Rev. Lawrence Wash- 
ington of Purleigh, and possibly learning the name of the small living which he 
was allowed to hold. But he was unsuccessful. The next month Mr. Waters 
visited Oxford and examined the books with a better result, as is shown in a 
communication from Mr. Whitmore in the Nation for October 8th last,- as 
follows : 

" Following up the suggestion made in the Nation for July 16, 1891, that the 
manuscript authorities for Walker's ' Account of the Sufferings of the Clergy ' 
were in the Bodleian Library, Mr. H. F. Waters has recently examined the 
volumes with gratifying results. He writes under date of Sept. 1, 1891 : ' This 
afternoon I came upon the chief letter upon which he [Walker] evidently de- 
pended for his information about the sequestered rector of Burleigh.' This let- 
ter, he adds — ' was in worse order than anything I had been looking at. It r 
and two or three accompanying papers, had evidently suffered from dampness, 
and had been eaten, I think, by flies, perhaps by mice. The letter was probably 
written in 1706 (judging from the dates of those near it), but where from or 
by whom, there was nothing on the face of it to disclose at first sight. It was 
devoted to the cases of Mr. Cherry, Mr. Washington, and Mr. Wright of 
"Witham. He spoke of Mr. Cherry, as having 'dwelt 20 miles from me.' A 
little further on he writes: 'The first visitation our diocesan made here at 
Easterford Kelvedon Mr. Cherry preached,' etc. Then comes this reference : 

" ' I doe not remember that ever I knew or heard of Mr. Washington after 
lie had been sequestered, but there was then one Mr. Roberts a neighbor of 
mine who was owner and patron of a parish so small that nobody would accept 
of his church (but with difficulty) and Mr. Roberts entertained Mr. Washington, 
where he was suffered quietly to preach. I have heard him and tooke him to be 
a very worthy pious man. I have been in his company there, and he appeared 
a very modest sober person, and I heard him recommended as such by several 
gentlemen who knew him before I did. He was a loyal person, and had one of 
the best benefices in these parts, and this was the onely cause of his expulsion as 
I verily believe.' 

" Mr. Waters adds that against both paragraphs — viz., those relating to Mr. 
Cherry and to Mr. Washington — Walker had written, ' See last paragraph in this 

. J. W.' Turning to the last paragraph, where dampness and flies had done 

the most mischief, Mr. Waters could make out only the word ' Braxted.' A 
reference to Morant's ' Essex ' showed that Braxted Parva was just such a poor, 
mean living, and that the patron was Thomas Roberts. The Visitation of 
Essex shows the Robertses to have been there for four generations in 1634. A 
comparison of handwritings showed that the writer of this letter was the 
Henry Aylofle who wrote another letter in the same collection, under date of 
March 26" 1706, annotated by Walker as ' Esquire and Justice of the Peace/ 
As Morant says that the Ayloffes had their chief seat at Braxted Magna, this 
letter seems to be of the highest authority. There was a Henry Ayloff'e. third 
son, born about 1630, according to the visitation of Essex, in 1631, who seems 
to be the writer. The early register of Little Braxted seems to be lost, but 



1895.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 53 

probably further search "will give more particulars about Lawrence Washington 
there."* 

Soon after this discovery, Mr. Waters was informed by his friend. Mi^s 
Walford, an experienced genealogist, of her discovery of the place and date 
of the burial of Rev. Lawrence Washington, as follows : 

"40 Gt. Coram St., Russell Square, W.C., 
" Dear Mr. Waters, 15 Sept. 1891. 

While searching the Register of the parish of All Saints, Maldon, Essex, I 
found the following entry which 1 am sure will interest you: 
'Mr. Lawrence Washington buried January 21, 1052.' 

I therefore send you a note of it at once, hoping that you will make whatever 
use you please of it. Yours very truly, 

E^oia M. Walford. 
Henry F. Waters, Esq." 

Mr. Whitmore after announcing this discovery continues: " Maldon is but 
three miles north from Purleigh, and is an old and comparatively large town, 
the natural abiding place of anyone interested in Purleigh. The inference is 
irresistible that we have at last discovered the death of George Washington's 
last English progenitor. I may here add that Little Braxted is about six miles 
north from Maldon. lying just to the east of Witham. From Purleigh to Braxted 
is less than nine miles in an airline." 

Mr. Whitmore notes that in the library of Mr. Samuel G. Drake was sold a 
book by that John Rogers, minister of Purleigh, who was ordered to pay Mrs. 
Washington a portion of the tithes (See Register, vol. 45, p. 240). This book 
contained some autobiographical items, and he thought they might have some 
reference to Purleigh and asked if that or another copy could be found. 

In a communicatiau to the Nation, Oct. 22. 1891. Mr. Worthins:tou C. Ford 
states that he has found a copy of the book inquired for in the library of the 
New York Theological Seminary, New York city, and he gives some interesting 
facts about the author derived from that volume. Nothing, however, is found 
relative to his predecessor, Lawrence Washington. This John Rogers was a 
son of Rev. Nehemiah Rogers of Messing, and a grandson of Rev. Vincent 
Rogers of Stratford Bow, traditionally descended from the martyr. He was 
father of John Rogers, a merchant of Plymouth, who was created baronet Feb. 
21, 1693, and was ancestor of the late Lord Blachford. The book in Mr. 
Drake's catalogue bore the title " Ohel or Bethshemesh; a Tabernacle of the 
Sun," &c. Mr. Ford states that there is no printed title in the book he quotes 
from, but there is a written title, " Dod or Chartran, the Beloved." &c, and 
that " Ohel or Bethshemesh" is the heading of one division of the work. Col. 
Chester, in his life of John Rogers the martyr, pp. 287-3, gives both titles in 
his list of the author's works. 

Another communication from Mr- Whitmore is printed in the Nation for Nov. 
5, as follows : 

" To the Editor of the Nation: 

"Sir: Since an English writer has seen fit to refer to the Rev. Lawrence 
Washington of Purleigh as ' a drunken parson,' I have found great consola- 
tion in looking over the ' Annals of Evangelical Nonconformity in Essex,' by 
the Rev. T. W. Davids (London, 1803). The author has considerable to say 
about the Episcopal ministers who were expelled from their livings in 1G±3, 
doubtless for their loyality, but ostensibly for other causes. He~quotes the 
evidence in many cases. He cites (p. 240) the charge against Washington as a 
tippler and often drunk, but he also quotes the same charge against many 
others. I notice these cases: T. Punter (p. 232), Thurman (p. 233), Fairfax 
(p. 233;. Hurt (p. 238), Turner (p. 239), Southen p. (239), Chamberlain (p. 242), 
Frost fp. 243), Staples (p. 245), Washington (p. 246), Lake (p. 247), Heard (p. 
249), Laud (p. 249), N. Wright's curate (p. 250), Darnell (p. 251), Hull (p. 253), 
Brinsley (p. 341), Bird (p. 349), Beard (p. 350), Man (p. 380), Benson (p. 4i7), 
Nicholson (p. 422), Billio (p. 512), Deersley (p. 515), F. Wright (p. 518). 

* The present rector of Little Braxted, the Rev. Ernest Geldart, has written to Mr. 
Whitmore that the old registers prior to 1730 are lost. The Roberts family is extinct, 
Thomas dying in 1680, when the estate passed to the Ayioffes. 



54 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

" Here there are twenty-five cases, where clergymen were deprived, in which 
this same charge of drunkenness is made. Considering the social habits of the 
time, and the fact that most of these, if not all, were also accused of excessive 
attachment to the cause of Episcopacy and monarchy, is it not evident that the 
charge is a mere pretext, and that Mr. Washington does not deserve to be 
singled out for opprobrium and judged according to recent standards or morals? 

" From Mr. Davids's book I glean one or two interesting points. Thus lie 
states (p. 302) in regard to Braxted Farva, " The return in 1650 is ' Mr. White 
was presented, but he hath left it about three years, and Mr. Roberts provides 
for the supply of the cure.' Lauds. MSS. 459." Again (p. 15G) he says of the 
Rev. Nehemiah Rogers of Messing, that he was sequestered at Bi-diop<£:ate in 
1643 and at Ely in 16-15. " He continued to preach, however, for three years at 
Little Braxted, for upwards of six at St. Osyth, where he is found in 1650, and 
ultimately became rector of Doddinsdiurst, where he died." 

"It would seem, then, that Mr. Roberts had given this 'poor living' first, 
about 1045, to Nehemiah Rogers: then, about 1647 or 8, Mr. White was pre- 
sented, but in place of him Lawrence Washington took it. It is certainly very 
curious that it was John Rogers, son of Nehemiah, who expelled Washington 
from Burleigh (p. 272), and that the latter was thrown upon the same charity 
which had supported Rogers's father. As Neherniah and his son seem to have 
been on opposite sides, I presume that there was no retaliation in this. 

" If, by any happy chance, the family papers of the Robertses of Little 
Braxted have been preserved, we may yet learn something of this patron of dis- 
tre.>sed clergymen. The first of the name at that place was Thomas, auditor to 
Her.ry Villi His son was Clement, whose son Thomas married Alice Hobson 
and was alive in 1012. Then came Thomas, the owner in 1034, whose son 
Thomas was aged sixteen. As the father then had ten children, it seems prob- 
able that he deceased before the Civil War, and that it was the young man who 
was the friend of Nehemiah Rogers aud Lawrence Washington. 

" In 1060, among the signers of a petition to Gen. Monk, calling for peace 
and amnesty (Davids, p. 323). are Sir Benjamin Ayloffe of Great Braxted and 
Thomas Roberts of Little Braxted. 

" Mr. Davids quotes as authorities Cole's MSS., Landsdowne MSS. 459, Add. 
MSS. 15660, 15669, and 15670, also Journals of the House of Lords, Journal of 
House of Commons, aud State Faper Office tiles. He seems to say that many 
of the original papers in regard to these sequestrations are preserved. If so, 
we may yet find the petition of the wife of the rector of Furleigh. and learn 
her Christian name, or we may get a signature of the Rev. Lawrence Washing- 
ton. Col. Chester's references, as quoted by Mr. Conway, are Harl. MS. 0244, 
in regard to the petition for tithes; andFub. Rec. O. Charles I., W. 58, No. 29, as 
to the chancery suit. w. h. w." 

The English writer referred to by Mr. Whitmore is a correspondent of the 
^London Xotes and Queries, July 11, 1891, page 23, who writes under the signa- 
ture of "Vernon." Among other things, Vernon speaks of some deeds which 
she had lately copied, one of which " puts beyond a doubt " that Sir John was 
the eldest son of Lawrence Washington of Sulgrave. This confirms a suspicion 
of Mr. Waters, which he communicated to me some two years ago. " Vernon" 
is Mrs. Vernona I. C. Smith of Barnes, Surrey, England, as appears by her let- 
ter to the Nation for November 20. In that letter she states that the documents 
relating to the Washiugtons, referred to by her in Xotes and Queries, have been 
sent to an American friend. I hope that this gentleman will give the substance 
of them to the public in due time. 

The Rev. Edward D. Neill, D.D., of St. Paul, Minn., has contributed to the 
Nation. Nov. 19, 1891, further details relative to the family of William Brod- 
hurst of Lilleshall, Shropshire, whose son Walter's widow, nee Ann Pope, was 
the second wife of John Washington (ante, vol. 44, pp. 80, 195-0;. The 
baptisms of the children of the second Walter Brodhurst, half-brother of Law- 
rence Washington, are given by Dr. Neill, from the parish register at Lilleshall, 
as are the inscriptions on the tombstones of two of them. 

It will be remembered that Col. Chester at one time was very anxious to ob- 
tain a copy of the signature of John Washington, the emigrant, to compare 
with that of John W., of London, on a deed dated in 1657, as was stated by 
Col. Chester in the Xew York World March 29, 1879, and repeated by us in the 
Register, vol. 45, p. 203. By the expressions which he used, it was understood 



1892.] Marriages of East Parish, Bridgeicater, Mass. 55 

that this deed was in Col. Chester's possession, and his executor, Mr. Cockayne, 
has kindly made thorough but futile search for it. By a letter received recently 
from Mr. James Coleman, of Tottenham Terrace, London N., it seems that he 
advertised this deed in his catalogue, vol. xii. No. 119, for 1S77. He sold it to 
Col. TV. Newsorne, It. E., before Col. Chester arrived; but, as it had not been 
delivered, Col. C. was able to make an abstract and to trace the signature. Col. 
Newsome, in 1379, printed privately a tract entitled " Yorkshire as the Home 
of the TVashingtons." (See Register, vol. 44, p. 200.) He cites this deed, 
without saying that he owned it. From the catalogue kindly furnished us by 
Mr. Coleman we copy the description. It was a deed, dated 1657, signed by John 
Washington, citizen and draper, and Margaret his wife, one of the daughters 
of Henry Harwood, gent., to Robert Abbott, citizen and scrivener, relating to 
houses near Fleet Bridge, London. Newsome adds the precise date of the deed, 
June 5, 1657, and states that Margaret was one of six children, the others being 
Thomas, Henry, Frances, Martha and Mary Harwood; and that their mother 
was named Martha. It seems that Col. Newsomc's papers are not at present 
accessible ; but now that we know that Col. Chester had only an abstract and 
a tracing of a signature, these may possibly be found in his papers. The 
admissions to the Drapers' Company, if still preserved, should show the parent- 
age of this London man. Of course, we can now refer to the original signature 
of Col. Johu Washington of Virginia, on his will. A facsimile of this signature 
will be found in vol. 45 of the Register, facing page 199. Col. Chester stated 
in the Xeiv York World that he knew the history of the London John Washington. 
Two pamphlets on the genealogy of the Washington family have lately ap- 
peared, the titles of which will be found in the Book Notices in this number. Oue, 
by Col. Thornton A. Washington of Washington, D. C, gives the descendants of 
the elder emigrant John Washington in the line of President Washington, and 
continues it in the line of the president's eldest full brother, Samuel. The 
other is by Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, M.A., of Wilkes-Barre, Pa., and is 
devoted to the descendants of the younger emigrant Lawrence. — Editor. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES SOLEMNIZED IN THE EAST 
PARISH OF BRIDGEWATER, MASS. 

From March 4, 1725, to August 3, 1803, 

By the Rev. John Angier (settled 1724:, died April 14, 1787), and the Rev. Samuel 
Angier, his son and colleague (settled 1767, died Jan. 18, 1805). 

Communicated by the Rev. Henry F. Jenks, A.M., of Canton, Mass., from the original 

manuscript in the possession of Miss Mary H. Rust, of East Bridgewater, 

great- great-granddaughter of the Rev. John Angier. 

TContinued from vol. 45, page 285.] 

Janry. 29th 1782 — Eliphalet Baily & Martha Robinson, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

March 26th 1782 — Joshua Bowen of Roxbury & Abigail Smith of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

July 18th. 1782 — Reuben Harden of Pembroke & Rebecca Harden of 
Bridgwater were marry'd by S. Angier. 

August 7th. 1782 — Seth Hobart & Esther Allen, both of Bridgwater were 
marry'd by S. Angier. 

August 29th. 1782 — Josiah Torry & Olive Pratt, both of Bridgwater were 
marry'd by S. Angier. 

Sept. 25th. 1782 — Benjamin Richards & Polly Bartlett, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Novbr. 14th. 1782 — Ezra Kingman & Susannah Whitman, both of Bridg-. 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

VOL. XLVI. 5* 



56 Marriages of East Parish, Bridgewater, Mass. [Jan. 

Novbr. 28th 1782— Robert Packard & Ruth Barrel, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Decembr. 5th. 1782 — Wifliam Brett & Molly Allen, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by John Angier. 

Returned to ye Town Clerk. Janry 20, 1783. 

Janry. 23d. 1783— Charles Ramsdel of'Pernbroke & Betty Terril of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

March 20th. 1783 — Matthew Gannett of Abington & Alice Latham of 
Bridgwater, were marry'd, by S. Angier. 

April 3d. 1783 — Rotheus Mitchel & Hepza Hay ward, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

April 15th. 1783 — Solomon Inglee of Halifax & Bathsheba Orr of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

July 17th. 175-3 — David Snell & Molly Baker, both of Bridgwater, were 
marry'd by S. Angier. 

August 11th. 1783 — Joshua Pool of Abington & Lucenda Latham of 
Bridgwater, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Sept. 4th. 1783 — Jacob Mitchel & ye Widow Sally "Whitman both of 
Bridgwater, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Octobr. 23d. 1783 — Reuben Mitchel & Anne Wade, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S, Angier. 

Octobr. 30th. 1783— Joshua Pratt & Mary Pratt, both of Bridgwater, & 
also Thomas Phillips & Martha Whitman both of Bridgwater, were 
marry'd by S, Angier. 

Nbvbr. 6th. 1783 — Capt. Simeon Whitman & ye Widow Sarah Byram, 
both of Bridgwater, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Decembr. 11th. 1783 — Samuel Faxon & Priscilla Thomas, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Returned to ye Clerk, Janry. 1st. 1784. 

Janry. 1st. 1784 — James Reed of AbiDgton & Ruth Porter of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

March 4th. 1784 — Reed Erskine of Abington & Mary Whitmarsh of 
Bridgwater, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

April 22d. 1784 — Jacob Whitmarsh, Junr. & Anna Pool, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

April 29th 1784 — Isaiah Whitman & Chloe Phillips, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

May 20th. 1784— Revd. William Reed of Easton & Olive Pool of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

May 25 th. 1784 — Isaac Keith, & Betty Keith, both of Bridgwater, were 
marry'd by S. Angier. 

June 10th. 1784 — George Erskine & Huldah Whitmarsh, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier, 

June 17th. 1784 — Spencer Forrest of Halifax & Abigail Wade of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Sept. 30th. 1784 — John Ramsdel of Pembroke & Hannah Allen of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Octobr. 21st. 1784 — John Phillips & Jennet Young, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

ETovbr. 16th. 1784— Daniel Orcutt & Olive Whitman, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Novbr. 23d. 1784 — Josiah Johnson, Junr. & Eunice Allen both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 



1892.] Marriages of East Parish, Bridgewater, Mass. 57 

Novbr. 25th. 1784 — Jacob Allen & Susanna Alden, both of BrioV water 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Decerabr. 16th. 1784 — Thomas Osburne & Hannah Wade both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Decembr. 22d. 1784 — Joseph Chamberlain & Sarah Bass, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry 'd by S. Angier. 

Returned to ye Clerk Febry. 21. 1785. 

The following is an account of marriages consummated by me, Samuel 
Angier. 

Janry. 13th 1785 — I marry'd Samuel Harden of Abington & Relief Spear 

of Bridgwater. 
Janry. 27th. 1785 — I marry'd Benjamin Darling of Pembroke & Sarah 

Lowden of Bridgwater. 
Febry. 3d. 1785 — I marry'd Thomas Chamberlain & Molly Whitman both 

of Bridgwater. 
Febry. 17th. 1785 — I marry'd Peter Salmon of Hanover & ye Widow 

Eunice Whitman of Bridgwater. 
March 8th. 1785 — I marry'd Holmau Keith & Sylvia Keith both of Bridg- 
water. 
March 9th. 1785 — I marry'd Hugh Orr, Jun'r. & Sylvia Mitchel both of 

Bridgwater. 
March 10th. 1785 — I marry'd Samuel Dunbar, a transient mulatto Fellow 

& Hannah James of Bridgwater. 
March 15th. 1785 — I marry'd John Edson ye 3d. & Susanna Orcutt both 

of Bridgwater i [water. 

May 26th 1785 — I marry'd Simeon Allen & Huldah Cary, both of Bridg- 
June 2d. 1785 — I marry'd Capt. Isaac Whitman & Bathsheba Allen both 

of Bridgwater. [water. 

July 14th. 1785 — I marry'd James Lovell & Jemima Leach, both of Bridg- 
Sept. loth. 1785 — I marry'd James Barrell & Betsey Russell both of 

Bridgwater. 
Novbr. 17th. 1785 — I marry'd James Ramsdel & Eunice Allen both of 

Bridgwater. 
Decembr. 1st. 1785 — I marry'd Daniel Kinsley & Molly Keith both of 

Bridgwater. 

These marriages returned to ye Town Clerk, March 11th. 1786. 

The following is an Account of the Persons marry'd by me, Samuel 
Angier, with ye time when they were marry'd, 

1786. 
Febry. 7th — Byram Allen of Bridgwater & Elisabeth Child of Roxbury. 
Febry. 9th — Thomas Blanchard, Jun'r. of Abington & Susanna Latham of 

Bridgwater. 
Febry. 9th— Levi Keith the 2d & Huldah Keith, both of Bridgwater. 
March 2d — Samuel Pool, Jun'r. & Abigail Porter, both of Bridgwater. 
May 25 — Nathaniel Dammon of Marshfield & Molly Allen of Bridgwater. 
May 25th — Roger Sutman & Phillis Suel, both of Bridgwater, Negroes. 
August 24th — Henry Jackson & Mehitabel Alden, both of Bridgwater. 
Sept. 26th — James Willis & Sarah Jackson, both of Bridgwater. 
Decembr. 21st — Matthew Allen ye 2d. & Jane Keen, both of Bridgwater. 
Returned to ye Clerk Janry. 1st. 1787. 
[To be continued.] 



58 Rev. Stephen Bachiler. [Jan. 



REV. STEPHEN BACHILER. 

By the Hon. Charles E. Batchelder, of Portsmouth, N. H. 

The word "bachelor " has long been a sore puzzle to etymologists, says 
Lower, in his work on English Surnames,* That the name " Bachelor," 
however spelled, is the same as the word " bachelor," meaning an unmarried 
man or a college graduate, is unquestioned, but many derivations have been 
given by different authors to account for the meaning of the word, some 
most fanciful and even grotesque, Others with more probability of correct- 
ness. Knights bachelors were the most ancient, though the lowest order, 
of knighthood in England. 

It is said in a note to Chitty's Blackstone that the most probable deriva- 
tion of " bachelor " is from has and chevalier, an inferior knight.f 

The derivation of the word is given in Webster's Dictionary as from the 
old French " bachiler," meaning " a young man." A common derivation 
given is from " baccalaureus," having reference to the chaplet of laurel 
berries with which the new bachelor of arts was crowned. The earliest 
mention of the name indicates that it was given originally to mark the con- 
dition of its possessor as an unmarried man or as a young man. when there 
was an elder person of the same Christian name living in the neighborhood. 
The English registers of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, where we 
first meet the name, use the French prefix " le." Thus we find Jordanus 
le Bacheler,$ Gilbert le Bacholer.§ that is, Jordan the bachelor, Gilbert 
the bachelor. We may be reasonably sure that the names Jordan and Gil- 
bert were then so common in a particular neighborhood that it was neces- 
sary to indicate by some addition to the Jordan or Gilbert that there was 
an elder or married person of the same name in the immediate neighbor- 
hood. If " Bachelor " meant simply an unmarried man it was not proper 
or fitting at the death of Jordan le Bacheler in 1297, for he left surviving 
him a wife, Alice, and a son, John. It is, therefore, probable that the word 
" Bachelor" was used at that time much like junior, meaning simply " the 
younger," and though at first given to an unmarried man was not dropped 
upon marriage, as it was a convenient and not inappropriate designation of 
the younger, whether single or married. At a later period the " le," being 
superfluous, was dropped, and in 1433 we find John Bacheler returned in 
the commissioners' list of the gentry of Norfolk, England, though John y e 
Baschealer died at Kelsale in Suffolk, Feb. 1, 1552..1T 

We do not know where the family originated. There is the usual family 
tradition, which bears on its face the marks of improbability, that three 
brothers by the name of Bachiler served under William the Conqueror and 
were rewarded after the battle of Hastings in 1066 by a grant of land in 
Wiltshire. For sign manual they were given a shield upon which were 
three boar's heads, united by three link3, a spear above them couchant. 
There was no crest, indicating that they were private soldiers. 

* Lower's Patronvmica Brittanica, 20. 

f Note to page 404. 

t Calendarium Genealogicum, 1297. 

f Rotuli Clausaram in Turri Londonensi. 

H Registers of the Parish of Kelsale, Suffolk. 



1892.] Eev. Stephen Bachiler. 59 

Before 1600 we find the family name in the counties of Kent. Surrey, 
Sussex, Wilts, Hampshire, Bucks, Middlesex, Norfolk and Suffolk, all in 
the south-eastern part of England. Very few are found north of London. 
The earliest mention of the name is found in Surrey, and very probably 
Surrey or Sussex was the earliest home of the Bachilers. 

It is impossible, at present, to trace the relationship, if any existed, be- 
tween the early Bachiler families in England, or to decide whether the first 
emigrants of that name to America were kindred. The Ipswich and Salem 
emigrants were brothers. The names associated in some of the early Eng- 
lish families indicate that Alexander Bacheler. the emigrant, of Portsmouth, 
was a relative of the Salem and Ipswich Bachilers, as Mark Bacheller of 
Brading, in the Isle of Wight, died about 1614, leaving a brother Alexan- 
der Bacheller, two sons. John Bacheller the elder and John Bacheller the 
younger, and three daughters.* Mark was a family name among the Salem 
Bachilers, but neither that name nor Alexander has been found elsewhere in 
the English families. Such evidence is of course slight, but is worth noting 
in the absence of more convincing facts. It is probable that other relation- 
ship existed between some of the Bachiler emigrants, but further and more 
careful search must be made in England before this interesting question of 
relationship can be settled. 

There were seven immigrants of the Bachiler name : 

1. Alexander of Portsmouth, N. H. 

2. Rev. Stephen of Lynn, Mass., and Hampton, N. H. 

3. Henry of Ipswich. Mass. 

4. Joseph of Salem, Mass. (now Wenham). 

5. John of Salem, Mass. 

6. William of Charlestown, Mass. 

7. John of Watertown, Dedham aud Reading, Mass. 

There are living descendants of the Bachiler name from four of these 
immigrants, namely, Rev. Stephen, Joseph and John of Salem, and John of 
Reading. 

It is not proposed in this article to give a sketch of the lives of any of 
these nrst settlers, except that of Rev. Stephen Bachiler, and in his case 
about all that can be done is to rearrange the old material, add some new 
facts, recently discovered, and correct the numerous and gross errors in 
regard to his immediate descendants. . 

The treatment accorded to those early citizens of Massachusetts Bay, 
who fell under " suspicion," at the hands of their more othodox brethren, 
has been so long frankly acknowledged and the causes so thoroughly ex- 
plained, that it can no longer be considered derogatory to the Massachusetts 
Commonwealth to speak plainly concerning the treatment of Williams, 
Wheelwright and other disturbers of the Puritan State. To do otherwise 
would be affectation. There was intolerance on the part of the Bay Colony 
and also on the side of " the suspected." The latter should have withdrawn 
voluntarily from the settlement previously occupied by the church-state 
party, and the former had not then learned that the sure way to perpetuate 
heterodoxy is to persecute and punish its adherents. Naturally the Massa- 
chusetts historians have chronicled the virtues of the clergymen who upheld 
the Massachusetts plan, and the opponents of that plan, being neglected, 
were speedily forgotten. It is said of Samuel Skelton of Salem, Mass., 
" Little has come down to us concerning him, owing, it is said, to the fact 

* Will of Mark Bacheller, Probate Registry, Winchester, Hants. 






























. 






60 Rev. Stephen Bachiler. [Jan. 

that ' he differed about clerical associations and other subjects, from most 
of the principal persons in Massachusetts.' "* 

We know that Stephen Bachiler contended, with a vigor and earnest- 
ness unusual for a man of his years, against the Puritan doctrine of a 
religious commonwealth, against that union of church and state to which 
they clung as to the ark of their safety,! and which has since been univer- 
sally conceded to be a lamentable error. 

He lived to see the beginning of the downfall of that " experiment fraught 
with evil," as the halfway covenant, allowing baptized persons, not church 
members, upon assenting to the church covenant, to have all the rights of 
members, except communion, was approved by the Synod called in Massa- 
chusetts in 1657.$ 

We know further that. he most zealously maintained the rights of the 
New Hampshire settlements in their contest with Massachusetts, which 
ended in 1641 in the control of the weaker province bv the stronger. 
Whatever material advantages were secured by New Hampshire, through 
this union of the colonies, and they were by no means inconsiderable, were 
valued little by those ardent friends of New Hampshire, who resisted the 
aggressions of the Bay colony. 

The great wrong done New Hampshire by the attempt to pervert the 
Massachusetts charter so as to include all territory south of an east and 
west line through the head of the Merrimack, could never be condoned by 
any advantages arising from the union. Stephen Bachiler staked his 
fortunes on the continued independence of the New Hampshire settlements, 
and lost. If the cause he championed had prevailed, he would to-day be 
remembered with gratitude as one of the stoutest champions of New Hamp- 
shire, and his life would undoubtedly have been materially different. 

He had settled Hampton under the authorization of Massachusetts, yet 
his subsequent acts show that he never supposed either of the Massachusetts 
claims to Hampton well founded. He knew it was not within their patent, 
nor vacant land first occupied by Massachusetts^ Why then did he pro- 
cure a grant from the General Court of Massachusetts and act under their 
directions ? It was because he had already felt their displeasure and thought 
the grant might be in some way a protection to himself and his company in 
making the settlement. But it is not worth while to discuss these matters 
at length, as they excited great bitterness once, though now, happily, long 
settled and entire good feeling prevails between the two states. 

Stephen Bachiler, for so he always wrote his name, was born somewhere 
in England in the year 1561. At the age of twenty he entered St. John's 
College, Oxford. He was matriculated November 17, 1581, and admitted 
as Bachelor of Arts February 3, 1585-6. The leading profession for col- 
lege graduates in that day was that of a clergyman, and he determined to 
study for the miuistry, being then a member of the established church. 
Apparently the time between his graduation in February. 1585-6, and July, 
17, 1587, was spent in preparation for his life work, for on the day last 
named, the death of Edward Parrett, vicar of Wherwell in Hants, making 
a vacancy in that living, he was presented with the place by William West, 
Lord Lawarr (or de la Warr as it was written later), and became vicar 

* Spnurae's American Pulpit, Vol. I. 8. 
f Story's Cora. Settlement of Salem, Mass., 34. 
t 1 Snrague's Am. Pulpit, Int. xx. and xxi. 

t See' reply of Mass. to the remonstrance of Exeter at the settlement of Hampton. 
Wint. N. E., vol. i.* 290, 303, 304. 



1892.] Rev. Stephen Bachiler. 61 

of the Church of Holy Cross and St. Peter.* On the 26th of January. 
1587-8, the new incumbent compounded for the payment of the first fruits 
of the vicarage. 

The village of Wherwell stretches along the westerly bank of that " trout- 
ful stream " the Test, in Hampshire, three and one half miles from Ando- 
ver. Very great historical interest attaches to this retired town and it* 
ancient monastery. Wherwell Abbey has been the home or the abiding 
place of three and perhaps four English queens, who were renowned for 
their extraordinary beauty. The parish of Wherwell hardly had any ex- 
istence apart from tne Abbey down to the year 1543, for until that time 
the Superior of the Monastery was Lady of the Manor, and owned the 
whole village and a large part of the neighborhood. The same church 
served for the parish and the monastery, with presumably a chapel for 
parochial services as at Romsey. It had also a chapel with a special en- 
trance which was appropriated to the " Priory " as a pew. The earliest 
mention of Wherwell, or Whorewell, as it was then called, is found in the 
will of King Edred, A.D. 946, 955. He gave the town to the new Mon- 
astery, subsequently called Hyde Abbey. In the year 985 iElfrida founded 
Wherwell Abbey for Benedictine nuns in penitence for the bloodshed in 
which she had been concerned. In the chartulary of Wherwell Abbey the 
story is thus told : "And in the place, which by the inhabitants is called 
Wherwell, founded the Church of the Holy Cross, beseeching Christ, that 
He who, wounded on the (ever) memorable Cross, shed His blood for the 
redemption of the human race, might deign to grant her the pardon (pur- 
chased) by His death, His wounds, and by the shedding of His blood rich 
(in graces)."! 

Wherwell contains five hundred and forty-one inhabitants, and must have 
been a very retired spot until the London and South Western Railroad ran 
a branch line through the town about the year 1883, and built a very sub- 
stantial and commodious station at Fullerton in the parish of Wherwell. 
Many of the residences, and especially the old court house near the station, 
are of early date and look as if they had not changed appreciably in three 
centuries. The old Parish Church of Holy Cross and St. Peter was pulled 
down and rebuilt in 1858. The old building was repaired after the Re- 
formation with the best portions of the Abbey ruins. With the exception 
of some fragments of mouldings, one monumental effigy, and parts of two 
monuments, there are absolutely no traces of the old church.J 

Of Stephen Bachiler's life at Wherwell we know nothing. The Church 
records were begun in 1634, or at all events no earlier records now exist. 
We only know that he remained here until 1605, for on the ninth day of 
August, 1605, John Bate, A.M., clergyman, was appointed Vicar of Wher- 
well, a vacancy existing because of " the ejection of Stephen Bachiler," the 
last vicar.§ Not much more is known of his life in England, from the loss 
of his living at Wherwell to the spring of 1632, when he sailed for New 
England. He was excommunicated from the church, and so no church 
record exists showing his abiding places. Probably he preached to dif- 
ferent congregations, not in a settled wav, but when he could avoid the 
persecution of the church people. Occasionally we get a glimpse of his 
location. In 1610 he appears to be still a "clergyman of the County of 

* Bishop's Resi-tvy, Winchester, Eng. Register of Thorras Cooper, 10. 

f The Storv of Wherwell Ahbev, 4. 

t The Story of Wherwell Abbey, 11. 

§ Bishop's Registry, Winchester, Eng. Register of Thomas Bilson, 18. 



62 Rev. Stephen Bachiler. [Jan. 

Southampton."* On the 11th of June, 1621, Adam Winmrop's diary 
shows that he "had Mr. Bachelour, the preacher" to dine with him, pre- 
sumably at Groton in Suffolk. This may have been the subject of this 
sketch. 

Some of the parishioners of Barton Stacey in Hampshire, a few miles 
east of Wherwell, listened to his sermons at some time before 1G32, for we 
find that Sir Robert Paine petitioned the Council, stating that he was sheriff 
of Hants in that year and was also chosen churchwarden of Barton Stacey, 
and that " some of the parishioners, petitioner's tenants, having been for- 
merly misled by Stephen Bachelor, a notorious inconformist, had demolished 
a consecrated chapel at Newton Stacey, neglected the repair of their parish 
church, maliciously opposed petitioner's intent (to repair the church at his 
own charge), and executed many things in contempt of the canons and the 
bishop. f Once more we hear from him on the 23d of June, 1631, when, at 
the age ef seventy years, he obtains leave to visit his sons and daughters in 
Flushing. He was then resident at South Stoneham, in the County of 
Southampton, and desires that his wife Helen, aged forty-eight years, 
and his daughter, Ann Saudburn, of age thirty years, widow, resident in 
the Strand, might accompany him. He was to return within two months. \ 
It would be interesting to know which of his sons aud daughters then 
lived at Flushing, as Deborah Wing was apparently residing in London in 
November, 1629, when her husband, John Wing, made his will and pre- 
sumably she was appointed executrix of the will when it was proved 
August 4, 1630. as Mr. Waters makes no note that administration was 
granted to any other person than the executrix named in the will.§ 

Stephen Bachiler was excommunicated among the earliest of the non- 
conformists. On the death of Elizabeth in 1603, James I. of the house of 
Stuart came to the throne. In January, 1604, the famous Hampton Court 
conference was held, when King James uttered his angry threat against 
the Puritans, " I will make them conform or I will harry them out of the 
kingdom." 

The next year the King's threat was carried out against Mr. Bachiler, 
and no doubt he was thoroughly "harried" after his excommunication. 
Wiuthrop says that Bachiler " had suffered much at the hands of the 
bishops. "U 

As early as 1630 Bachiler had determined to leave England and settle 
in America. At all events he made preparation for such removal. Mave- 
rick, in his Description of New England, says " there was a patent granted 
to Christo: Batchelo r and Company** in the year 1632 or thereabouts,tt 
for the mouth of the River (Sagadahocke) and some tract of land adjacent 
who came over in the ship named the Plough, and termed themselves the 
Plough Companie, but soon scattered, some for Virginia, some for England, 
some to the Massachusetts never settling on that laud. "It 

44 The Plough ship of sixty tons on the 6th day of July, 1631, arrived at 

* Records of Magdalen Coll. Oxford, Eqg., June, 1610, admitting Stephen Bachiler, 
aged 16 years, son of a clergyman of Hampshire. 

t Domestic Calendar of State Papers, 163.3. 

t Kkgister, July, 1891, page 237. 

f Register, July, 1891, page 237. 

f Wimhrop's N.'E. ii.* 44. 

** This musr mean C'hrispc, Batchelor and Company. John Chrispe or Crispe, as the 
name was commonly written, and Stephen Bachiler were grantees named in the patent. 

ft Huobatd says," in 1630. A contemporary MSS. in the possession of the Maine Hist. 
Society, gives the exact date as June 26, 1630. See Maine H. & G. Bee, vol. ii. G6. 

Xl Maverick's Description of New Englaud, Register, vol. 39, p. 35. 



1892.] Rev. Stephen Bathiler. 63 

Nataseott [Nantasket]. She brought ten passengers from London. They 
came with a patent to Sagadahoek: but not liking the place they came 
hither. Most of them proved familists and vanished away."* 

It has been said that this grant was afterwards called the province of 
Lygonia, after Cicely Lygon, the mother of Sir Ferdinaudo Gorges; but 
Maverick says there was a patent granted for this (Casco) Bay some years 
since by the title of the Province of Ligonia to Collonel Alexander Rigby, 
which is no doubt true. It is earnestly to be hoped that this Plough patent 
or a copy will sometime be discovered. At present it is impossible to de- 
fine the extent of .he grant or to prove beyond question what territory was 
occupied under it. Hubbard says it was south of the Sagadahoek River and 
twenty miles from the sea side, yet all agree that the original grant was 
forty miles square. Two contemporary writers say it was a patent for 
Sagadahock.t Two islands in the River Sagadahoek, near the south side 
thereof, about sixty miles from the sea, are included in the grant, but no 
such islands exist. 

Great ignorance of our geography was shown in making the early grants, 
and they frequently overlap earlier grants. Sagadahoek was a very elastic 
word in early days. It was .applied to the river formed by the union of 
the Kennebec and Androscoggin, also to the region about that river, pro- 
bably on both sides, like the present county of Sagadahoek, and in later 
times to all the land east of the Sagadahoek River to the St. Croix. J 

It seems most probable that the Plough grant began at the mouth of the 
Sagadahoek, ran inland on that river and the Androscoggin forty miles in 
a straight line, but sixty measured on the river, and forty miles south and 
a like distance back from the Ocean. This was found to overlap earlier 
grants, which had been so frequently made of Sagadahock.§ 

* Winthrop's N. E., i.* 58, Prince 357. The last clause was added long after its date by 
Winthrop or a k^er hand. It bas served as a basis for a careless Maine writer to charge 
that Stephen Bachiier was a familist. Fortunately other manifest errors in the same article 
indicate its untrustworthiness. It is evident that the members of the Plough company who 
came over in 1632 were not familists. The fact is that many of the earlier settlers or' New 
England were of bad reputation. Hundreds of ignorant, starving creatures were taken 
from the streets and sent over by unscrupulous adventurers, and innumerable convicts 
were set free on condition of emigrating to New England. The later colonists, especially 
those coming in the great movement, between 1630 and 1640, were much superior to the 
earlier immigrants. Winthrop would have known and mentioned the fact if Bachiier had 
been tainted with familism. In matters of opinion, that is of belief, Dalton and Bachiier 
agreed, says Winthrop. Who ever heard that Dalton entertained familistic opinions r The 
charge is ridiculous and utterly unsupported. 

t MS. No. 3448 Brit. Museum and Col. Papers, Pub. Rec. Office, ii. 16. 

X See grant by Charles II. in 1664 to his brother James. Duke of York, of Sagadahoek, 
so called, including all that land except a small tract at Pemaquid. 

§ Granted by Elizabeth in 1578 to Sir Humphrey Gilbert, renewed in 1584 to Sir Walter 
Raleigh. By the French monarch in 1603 to the Sieur de Monts. Granted about 1607 to 
the Plymouth Company. Renewed and enlarged in 1620. Under this grant Popharn's 
settlement was made. Grant of 1622 of the Province of Maine to Sir F. Gorges. Curi- 
ously enough he proposed to devote forty square miles at the mouth of the Sagadahoek to a 
public plantation to be called the " State County." Grant of Edward Gorges to Thomas 
Lewis and Capt. Richard Bonython, 12 Feb. 1629, four miles long by eight miles inland on 
the north side of Sagadahoek. Grant to the Plough Company 1630. Grant from the ex- 
piring Council for New England to Sir F. Gorges in 1635 from the Piscataq.ua to the Saga- 
dahock. Grant of ten thousand acres to Mason in 1635, lying southeast of Sagadahoek. 
Ry all's grant from Gorges about 1639. Revival of Plough patent in 1643 by Cleeve as 
deputy for Rigby. Several of these grants were in general terms covering other territory. 

Vines says in a letter to Winthrop, January 9, 1643, that Cleeve extended his govern- 
ment " from Sackadehock to Cape Porpus, being aboue 13 league in leugth." Jenner in a 
letter to Winthrop, dated 6. 2m. 46, mentions " the tract of land which Mr. Cleeve doth 
challeng by vertue of his Patent, viz. from Saeadehoek River to Cape Porpus," and says 
that Jocelyn, who succeeded Cleeve, claimed " that Mr. Cleeve his terminus a quo should 
VOL. XL VI. 6 



64 Lee of Virginia. [Jan. 

When the territory was actually settled it was found that the hounds 
could only extend from the west side of Cape Porpoise to the east side of 
Cape Elizabeth, a distance less than twenty miles, as Casco and most of the 
territory east of the Sagadahock, had been previously occupied under other 
grants. , 

[To be continued.] 



LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

By J. Henby Lea, Esq., Cedarhurst, Fairhaven, Mass. 

The writer has had the pleasure of laying before the readers of 
the Register for January, 1890 (volume 44, pages 103 to 111), 
what seemed to him at the time, and has been generally admitted by 
others since, to be convincing proof of the error of the previously 
accepted pedigree of the family of the Lees of Virginia by which 
they had claimed descent from the Lees of Quarrendon. 

The promise he then made of following this by another article, 
rebuilding what he had then destroyed, he is now able to, at least 
partially, fulfil — clear proof having been obtained that the surmise 
before made was absolutely correct and that Col. Richard Lee wad 
actually a cadet of the ancient family of Lee of Langley in Salop, 
as had already been asserted on the tomb-stone of his second son ? 
Richard, and to support which we have now the testimony not only 
of this Richard's elder brother John, but likewise that of Col. Richard 
Lee, the emigrant, himself, as well as the books of the College of 
Arms, the well known authority on all matters heraldic and gene- 
alogic in England. 

It seems then, referring to the proofs which follow, that CoL 
Richard Lee both used and claimed the arms and descent of the 
Langley family, and not only did he do so, but that this claim was- 
admitted by the then officers of the College, as is shown by the 
letter cited of John Gibbons, Blue Mantle, who wrote in 1682, or 
only nineteen years after the death of the emigrant, with whom he 
seems to have been on terms of personal intimacy. 
. The Queen's College Cup, of which an excellent illustration 
accompanies this article, leaves no doubt whatever as to the belief 

begin 60 miles vp Chenebeck River, because the Patent saith, it must lie nere two Islands 
which are about 60 miles from the sea. Ffor answer to it the Patent also saith, the tract of 
land 40 miles square, must lie on the south side or' Sacadehock River. Now ftacadehock 
riuer reacheth but to Merry Meeting, and then its branched into Begipscot and Chenebeck, 
and is no further cald by the name of Sacadehock. Now Sacadehock River is a certame 
and sure place for one terme of iti bounds, but the Islands are doubtful, which they are, or 
wher they are : & more ouer ther possession was fir3t taken." See Mass. Hist. Coll. Fourth 
Series, Vol. VII. 346, 359, 360. 
























! 
























1892.] Lee of Virginia. 65 

of the family at that date, of their descent and right to bear the 
arms in question. It has been objected to the tomb-stone that it 
might have been erected at any period up to the present century ; 
but, in the case of the Cup, it is absolutely certain that it was given 
to the College at the date named, i.e. 1658. We have then clearly 
established the fact that the three earliest representatives of the 
family in America claimed this descent, and, as they were certainly 
gentlemen, it is monstrous to suppose that, had they come of the 
Quarrendon stock, they should have laid this claim to belong to 
another and altogether distinct family. We have no other alterna- 
tive left us bat to accept their word! 

After this overwhelming proof anything so trivial as the names of 
the American seats of the family seems hardly worthy of mention ; 
but, as some liberties have been taken with the facts in the case, it 
may be as well to cite a few instances. In the Lee pedigree by 
Rev. F. G. Lee, published in London in 1881, the statement is 
made that Col. Eichard Lee, the emigrant, built Ditchley House. 
This is notoriously incorrect, as the dwelling in question was erected 
by his grandson, Hancock Lee,* by whom this name (of which so 
much has been made) was first used in America. That it was so 
used is certainly a fact, but it must either be a singular coincidence 
in this case, arising from the similar local character of the two 
estates, or else we must suppose that Hancock Lee, being at Oxford 
at College, had seen and possibly visited Ditchley, the seat of the 
Quarrendon Lees, which is only four miles distant from that city, 
and had called his plantation after the stately home of the Earls of 
Lichfield. 

Certain it is that Col. Richard never had any such estate, and it 
would appear from his will that it was not he who gave the name of 
Stratford House (not Stratford-Langton as Dr. Lee has it) to his 
chief plantation, the mansion on which was built in the time of his 
grandson, Gov. Thomas Lee, on whose tomb-stone the name occurs 
for the first time as of record, so far as the writer is aware. Other 
of the family estates were Lee Langley, Lee Hall, Cobbs, Paradise, 
&c. Of these the two first give a double testimony, if any such 
were required, as against the Ditchley name, as both were seats of 
the Shropshire family, while the latter are utterly meaningless in 
this connection. 

A more valuable collateral proof is to be found in the early con- 
nection with Virginia of the families of Corbin, Plowden and El- 
dred, all of them closely connected by marriage with the Lees of 
Salop. Sir Edmund Plowden of Plowden (ob. 1655) was governor 
and captain general of the Province of New Albion, John Eldred 
of Great Saxam was one of the founders of Virginia, while the Cor- 
bin family are well known among the early settlers. Turning now 

• Ditchley was built about 1687 by Hancock Lee. Letter of Alexander Brown of Vir- 
ginia to W. B. Lee, Esq. 



66 Lee of Virginia. [Jan. 

to the family connection we find that Edmund Plowden of Plowden 
married Mary, daughter of Thomas Lee of Langley, the sheriff of 
Salop in 1546 ; John Lee of Xorton Regis married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter and heiress of Thomas Corbyne in the sixteenth century, while 
Richard, the son of the emigrant, married Lettice, daughter of 
Henry Corbin, Esq. ; and Thomas Lee of Coton (born 1(320) mar- 
ried Dorothy Eldred, and his half brother, Lancelot, married her 
sister Anne. 

Finally, it is noteworthy that, up to a very recent period, there 
has never been any doubt entertained by either the American or the 
English branches of the family of their communion of blood, and 
correspondence still preserved makes it evident that they have al- 
ways regarded each other as relatives. That is to say, in 1740-50 
Thomas Lee of Stratford House corresponded with Lancelot Lee of 
Coton Hall as a relative, hi 1770-71 William Lee, son of Thomas, 
corresponded with Harry Lee, brother of the Lancelot Lee above 
named, as a relative. In 1810-24, Archibald Lee of Virginia (a 
descendant of Philip, grandson of Col. Richard), corresponded with 
Harry Lancelot Lee of Coton Hall as a relative and visited him at 
Coton. 

These letters are still extant, some in the possession of J. M. 
Wingfield, Esq., of Tickencote Hall, Rutlandshire, and the others 
in the hands of W. B. Lee, Esq., of Seend, Wiltshire, the present 
(and with one exception, sole male) representative of the ancient 
family in question, and who is the writer's authority for the above 
statement, and for whose cordial assistance and advice in this quest 
his warmest thanks are due and most gladly rendered. 



Monumental Inscription in Burnt House Fields, Mount Pleasant, West- 
moreland County, Virginia. 

Hie conditur corpus Ricarcli Lee armigeri nati in Virginia fili Ricardi 
Lee, generosi, et antiqua familia in Merton-Regis in comitatu Salopsiensi 
oriundi. In magistratem obeundo boui publici studiotissimi, in Uteris 
Grsecis et Latinis et aliis humanioris literature disciplinis versatissimi. 

Deo quern summa observantia semper coluit animam tranquillus reddidit 
xiimo. die Martii anno MDCCXIV. aetat LXVIII. 

Hie Juxta situm est corpus Laetitia ejusdem uxoris fidae, filiae Henrici 
Corbyne, Generosi, liberorum matris amantissimae, pietate erga Deum 
charitate, erga egenos, benignitate erga omnes insignia. Obiit Octob. die 
vi. MDCCVL setatis XLIX. 

College of Arms. 
LEE-Gules, a fess chequy or and azure between 8 billets ardent. Colonell 
Rich d Lee Secretary of State in Virginia An 1659. Descended from 
the Lees in Shropshire (who sometimes bore 8 billets and sometimes 
10 and sometimes y e Fesse counter-compone). 

E. D. N. Alphabet MS. 































. 
























1892.] 



Lee of Virginia. 



67 



Note. — This MS. is a Collection of Arms made by some of the officials of the 
College of Arms in the reign of King Charles II., very probably by the Mr. 
Gibbous whose letter on the same subject is cited below. 

The above extract was made from the books of the College by Mr. Charles 
H. Athill, Richmond Herald, who adds, "The entry establishes the fact that 
Colonel Richard Lee used the Arms of the Lees of Shropshire and that he 
claimed to belong to that family." To this we may add the testimony of Mr. 
John Gibbons, Blue Mantle, who, writing in 1632, says that he lived a great 
part of the year 1G59 in Virginia, being most hospitably entertained by the 
Honourable Colonel Richard Lee, some time Secretary of State there, and adds, 
" Neither will I omit his arms, being Gu. a fess chequy Or and Az. between 
eight billets Arg., being descended from the Lees of Shropshire."* 



SMI 




THE LEE CUP AT QUEEN'S COLLEGE, OXFORD. 



On a Silver Pint Cap, standing on a foot and weighing 14oz. 3dwt., now 
preserved in Queen's College, Oxford, is the followiug inscription — 



* Introduces ad Latinam Blasoniam, by John Gibbons, Blaemantle; London, 1682; 
p. 156. 

VOL. XLYI. 6* 



68 Lee of Virginia. [Jan. 

COLL. REGI. OXON. 
D. D. Johanis Lee Natus in Capohowasick 
Wickacomoco in Virginia America Filius 
Primogeuitus Richardi Lee Chiliarchae 
Oriundi de Morton Regis in Agro Salopieasi. 
1658. 

Above are two shields, that to the right bearing the arms of Lee of 
Langley and Coton — A fess cheque between eight billets — chat to the left 
with the arms oi the College — Three Eagles displayed— To the left of the 
engraved work a Bishop's Mitre and Pastoral Staff appearing from behind 
a book, to the right the end of a staff appearing above a Book crossed by a 
pair of Compasses. Most of this detail appears clearly in the illustration 
from a photograph obtained by W. B. Lee, Esq., by permission of Rev. J. R. 
Magrath, D.D., Provost of the College. 

Note.— Morton Regis here mentioned, like the same place named on the tomb 
of John's brother Richard (vide supra), is a locality wmich cannot be identified 
now if correctly spelled, but if, as seems most probable, it is an error for Nor- 
ton Begis, all becomes clear at .once, that being a common form of writing 
Nordley Regis, one of the chief seats of the family in question, and in the utter 
absence of any Morton Regis, past or present, w T e can hardly hesitate to accept 
this, which is in fact quite as near the correct form as the American locality 
which precedes it. 

The following extract is interesting, as showing that one of the best Anti- 
quaries who ever lived in England had, many years ago (his book was published 
in 1854), recognized the probability of the confusion of these two names. 

" In 12U Worfield was assessed at £10, Claverly at £6-13-4, and Nordley not 
at all, unless the vill of " Morton " assessed at £2 was so written by mistake 
for Nordley." — Ey ton's Antiq. of Salop, vol. iii. p. 66. 

John Lee entered Queen's College as an Upper Commoner July 2, 1658, and 
took his degree of B. A. April 30, 1662. 

Will of Col. Richard Lee of Virginia. 

In the name of God Amen. I, Col. Richard Lee of Virginia, & latelv 
of Stafford Langton in the County of Essex, Esquire, being bound upon a 
voyage to Virginia aforesaid, and not knowing how it may please God to 
dispose of me in so long a voyage, utterly renouncing, disclaiming dis- 
annulling, and revoking all former wills, either script, nuncupative or parol, 
and schedules or codicils of wills whatsoever, do make, ordain and declare 
this my last will and testament in manner and form following, first: I crive 
and bequeath my soul to that good and gracious God that gave it me and 
to my Blessed Redeemer Jesus Christ, assuredly trusting in and by hi3 
meritorious death and passion to receive salvation, and my body to be dis- 
posed of whether by sea or land according to the opportunity of the place, 
not doubting but at the last day both body and soul shall be re-united and 
glorified. 

Next, my will and desire is that all my estate aforesaid, both lease land, 
free land and copyhold land and houses be with all convenient speed that 
may be, sold for the payment of my debts to John Jeffries Esq. and what 
the sale of that shall fall short of, to be made good out of my crops in Vir- 
ginia, to be consigned to my good friends Mr. Thomas Griffith and Mr. 
John Lackey, or one of them in that behalf, and in case the estate of Straf- 
ford be not as speedily sold as I desire, that then the best improvements 
possible may be made from year to year of my said plantation, and my 
servants labor with such directions and appointments as the said Griffith 



1892.] Lee of Virginia. 69 

and Lpckey shall order for the better and sooner payment of my debts, and 
that my number of servants be still kept up, and continued out of the labors 
by the said Griffith and Lackey or one of them for the better managing 
and effecting thereof. 

Also my will and earnest desire is that my good friends will with all 
convenient speed cause my wife and children (all except Francis if he be 
pleased) to be transported to Virginia, and to provide all necessary for the 
voyage, and from time to time till my estate be disentangled and free of all 
my debts, to provide and allow for them, and every one of them, a compe- 
tent and convenient maintenance according as the product of estate will 
bear, relation being had to the payment of my debts and the annual supply 
of my several plantations, all which I absolutely refer to the said Thomas 
Griffith and John Lackey, and after my debts are paid, I give and bequeath 
my estate as followeth: 

To my wife, during her life, I give the plantation whereon I now dwell, 
ten English servants, five negroes, 3 men & 2 women, 20 sows and corn 
proportionable to the servants; the said negroes I give to her during her 
widowhood and no longer, and then presently to return to those of the five 
youngest children, also the plantation Mocke Nock. 

Item. My will and earnest desire is that my household stuff at Strafford 
be divided into 3 parts, two of which I give to my son John, and bind him 
to give to every one of his brothers a bed, and the other part I give to my 
wife Anna Lee. 

Item. I give all my plate to my three oldest sons, or the survivor or 
survivors of them, each to have his part delivered to him when he comes to 
the age of 18 years. 

Item. I give to my son John and heirs forever, when he comes to the 
age of eighteen years, all my land and plantation at Matholick, all the 
stock of cattle and hogs thereupon, also ten negroes, viz. 5 men and 5 
women, and ten English servants for their times, all the corn that shall be 
found there, all tools, household sturf and utensils thereupon. 

To Richard and his heirs forever, when he come to the age aforesaid, I 
give my plantation called Paradise, with all my servants thereupon, all my 
stock of cattle and hogs, all working tools and utensils, and corn that shall 
be found thereupon to be for the provision of the said servants. 

To Francis and his heirs forever, when he comes to the age aforesaid, I 
give the Paper-makers Neck and the War Captains Neck with five negroes, 
3 men and 2 women, and ten English servants, and the stock of cattle and 
hogs, corn and tools and utensils upon the said several Necks. 

Item. I give and bequeath to the five younger children, viz. : William, 
Hancock, Betsey, Anne and Charles the plantation whereon John Baswell 
now lives and so all along including Bishop's Neck and to the utmost ex- 
tent of my land towards Brewer's and also four thousand acres upon Poto- 
mack, also the two plantations before bequeathed to my wife, after her 
death to be divided between them or their survivors or survivor of them, 
also all the rest of my cattle, hogs, corn, household stuff, tools or whatso- 
ever is or shall be found upon the said plantations at the time of my death, 
all which said estate so bequeathed to my younger children after my debt3 
are paid, I desire may be employed upon the said plantations for a joint 
stock to raise portions of the said children against they come of age afore- 
said or the females married. The said servants and what other produce of 
their labors whether money or whatsoever to be equally divided between 
them or their survivors or survivor of them but the said laud only to be 
divided between the male children. 



70 Lee of Virginia. [Jan. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my eldest son John 3 islands lying in the 
Bay of Chesapeake, the great new bed that I brought over in the Duke of 
York, and the furniture thereunto belonging. 

Item. My will is that my horses mares and colts be equally divided in 
two parts, one whereof to be and belong to my three eldest children and 
the other to my five youngest, and shall be sold as they increase towards 
raising money for their portions, and in case any of the three eldest children 
die before they come to the age of 18 years that then his or their portion 
come to the survivors or survivor of them, and in case they all die that the 
whole personal estate equally to return to the five youngest children, but 
the land only to the male children, and if the five younger children die be- 
fore they come to the age aforesaid, or the females married, then their parts 
to be divided among the eldest or survivors or survivor of them. 

Item. My will is that my son William Lee have all that land on the 
Maryland side whereon George English is now seated, when he comes to 
the age aforesaid; also my will is that goods sufficient be set apart for the 
maintenance of the gangs of each plantation for the space of two years, and 
all the rest of my goods to be sold to the best advantage and the tobacco 
shipped here to Mr. Lackey and Mr. Griffith towards the payment of my 
debts. 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my son Francis after my debts are paid 
my whole interest in the ship called Elizabeth & Mary, being one eighth 
part also one eighth in the ship called the Susan, and in case of the death 
of Francis I give the same to Charles, and in the case of his death to the 
two girls Elizabeth 3c Anne. But in the case that by the blessing of God 
upou the industry and labor of my people upon the several plantations, my 
said debts be fully satisfied before the said land at Strafford be sold, never- 
theless I will and entreat my good friends Mr. Griffith and Mr. Lackey or 
one of them it may be sold to the most and best advantage, and the produce 
thereof put out at interest and the interest thereof be employed for and 
towards the better education of John and Richard equally to assist the one 
in his travels for the attainments of a reasonable perfection in the knowledge 
of Physick the other at the University or the Inns of Court which he shall 
be most fit for, and the principal money to be equally divided between the 
two daughters when they come to age or be married, and that the said daugh- 
ters be utterly debarred from all former legacies given to them as .afore- 
said, but in case of their death then the sale and produce of said estate at 
Strafford to be equally divided between my eldest son John and my youngest 
son Charles. Also I desire and order that my wife, my son John and all my 
overseers that either or one or all shall from time to time keep a corres- 
pondence with the said Griffith and Lackey, and order all my affairs in 
Virginia to the best advantage as they or one of them shall direct them. 
and ship all my tobacco and what else shall be raised upon the said planta- 
tions to the said Griffith and Lackey for satisfaction of my debt and advan- 
tage of my children, and do yearly give them an account of all horses, 
mares, negroes, goods and all other things according as they shall receive 
directions and instructions from the said Mr. Thomas Griffith and Mr. 
Lackey. 

Lastly: For the use aforesaid I make and ordain my ever loving friend 
Mr. Thomas Griffith and Mr. John Lackey, Merchants, John and Richard 
Lee, my full and sole Executors of this my last will and testament, but. in 
respect to my son Richard till he cometh of age I do absolutely (si.c, qu. 
place) all the management of my will upon the care and trust of my first 



1892.] Zee of Virginia. 71 

mentioned Executors till my said son Richard Lee comes to age as afore- 
said, hoping the same friendship to mine after my death which they have 
always doDe unto me. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this sixth day 
of February in the sixteenth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord 
Charles the Second King of Great Britain &c &c and in the year of our 
Lord 1663. ' 

(Signed) Richard Lee. (Seal) 
Signed, sealed and delivered 
before us 

Peter Ashton 
George Wall 
W. Carter Seaward. 
1664-5. Fichardus Lee. 

January. Decimo die probatum fuit Testamentum Richardi Lee nug da 
Stratford Langton in Com Essexiaa sed apud Virginia in ptibus transmarinus 
ar. defunct hents &c. Jurament Thomas Griffith et Johis Lockey duor 
Execut &c. quih. &c. de bene &c. Jurat. Reservata ptate Similem Comnem 
faciend Johi et Richo Lee alt Execut &c. Johis. 

P. C. C. Probate Act Book fo 3* 

The foregoing will, while as will be seen by the Probate Act 
which follows, having been proved in London, was never registered 
there, nor is the original on file (as is sometimes the case with un- 
registered wills) in the Prerogative Court. This copy is taken from 
one in the possession of the writer's friend, Mr. W\ B. Lee of 
Seend in Wiltshire, obtained by him from America and may be re- 
lied upon as authentic. 

The fact thrt Col. Richard Lee was of the Shropshire family hav- 
ing now been demonstrated, the next step is to prove the exact con- 
nection and to identify his paternity, and upon this difficult task the 
writer has long and patiently, but fruitlessly, labored. There are 
no less than nine members of the Langley stock, from any one of 
whom he might have sprung, but, so far, no proof lias been obtained 
to connect him with any of them. The clues which have been fol- 
lowed and the meagre results obtained may, however, be worthy of 
citation to save others the labor and expense of reworking the same 
ground. 

The writer's attention having been called (by Mr. H. F. Waters) 
to the fact that a Francis Lee of St. Peter's, Cornhill, who died in 
1618, left by his will property in Stratford-Langton, he has devoted 
much time to following up this promising clue, and, from the infor- 
mation obtained, we are able to construct the following pedigree, 
by which it will be seen that this Francis had a nephew Richard 
who may have been the Virginia emigrant, but, even if this prove 
to be the case, we are still at a loss to connect his grandfather, 

* Col. Richard Lee's widow, Anna, the mother of all his children, married a second time 
to Edmund Lister, Esq. ; the writer's efforts to rind her will or that of her second husband 
have been, so far, unavailing in the English Courts. It may be that they were proved in 
Virginia. 





















. 












. 



72 



Lee of Virginia, 



[Jan. 



George Lee, with the parent stock. Unfortunately the records of 
the Sadler's Company perished in the Great Fire of London, and we 
are thus cut off from the identification of his birth place and parent- 
age which their books would have given us. 

It will of course be understood that being a member of the Sad- 
ler's Company by no means implies that such member was a harness- 
maker ; indeed in the case of the Francis Lee above named it is 
expressly stated that he was a haberdasher "free of the Sadlers." 



GEORGE LEE = ANNE 



Citizen & Sadler of St. 
Catherine Creechurch, 
London, will da. 16 May 
pro. 21 June 1605. 
P. C. C. Hayes ±3. 



living & Extrx of will 
of husband in 1618; m. 
2d to Francis Browne, 
at St, Mary Woo'.noth 
16 31ay 1620. living & 
curator son's children 
in 1626. 



John Lee of St.=Johane 



Cath. Cree- 
church, sadler, 
liv. 1605 ; dee'd 
in 1629. 



m. 2d to John 

Grigson of 
Gray'"* Inn Lane, 
Virualler; living 
1629; her husb. 
will da. 24 July, 
pr. lOct. 1629. 
Dean & Chap. 
of St. Pauls, 

fo. 369. 



Alice ( ? ) 
named as sister in 
will of Francis, but 

not named 
in will of George 
Lee (perhaps a 
sister-in-law). 



Francis Lee of St.==Ann, dau. of Nich- 

Peters Cornhill, i olas Pierrepont of 

Haberdasher, I Eastwelieo. Leic: 

free of the riudlers ?eut., born about 

Co. Held Ids &c. in i 1584, liv. 1615: Let. 

Stratford Langton, ! ofAdmontO 



Essex: born about 

1578. m. 1603. will 

da. 28 Apr. pro. 

4 June 1618. 

P. C. C Meade 70. 



Richard Lee, 
living 1629. 
qu. if identical with Col. 
Richard Lee the Emigrant 
to Va. in 1642 ? 



Nicholas Lee, 
living 1629. 



moth.-inJ.aw Anne 

Browne'23 Jan. 

1625. P. C. C. 

Act Bk. 46. 



Francis Lee (son) 
bapt. St. Peters Cornhill 
29 Jan. 1608; dee'd in 1618. 



Francis Lee (dau.) 
bapt. St. Peters Cornhill 
27 Jan. 1611. Living 1626. 



Ann Lee, bapt. St. Peters 
Cornhill, 3 Dec. 1615. Living 1626. 
rr. Francis Snuttlewbod of pan. 
St. Edmond the King, 4 May 1636 
at St. Mary Woolen urch. 



1605. — Will of George Lee, Citizen & Sadler of London; Dated 16 
May 1605. To sonne John Lee messuage in Poore Jury Lane in parish 
of St. Katherine Creechurch, London, formerly given is now confirmed lie 
to allow half rents of same to my wife Anne; sonne ffrauncis Lee; wife 
Anne Residuary Legatee & Executrix; Witnesses — John Lee, ffrancis 
Lee, John Lacocke & Nicholas Holbeane & Jno. Hall Not. Pub. ; Proved 
21 June 1605. P. C. C. Hayes, 48. 

1618. — Will of ffrancis Lee of parish of St. Peters, Cornhill, London; 
Dated 28 April 1618; Recites that good friend Mr. John Hany hath abso- 
lute estate in his house, Lands & tenements in Stratford Lanthorne, co- 
Essex, to him & his heirs, which is but only to hym in trusts for my use 
although noe use or truste be mentioned in the deede — he to sell these 
houses &c to best profitt and give the money arising from same to Anne 
my now wife; To said wife all houses, lands & tenements wheresoever 
during her life & remainder to my children & their heirs, & if it fortune 
my seyed wife to be nowe with childe of a sonne. then he to have all my 
aforesaid houses &c to hym & his heirs after death of wife; Personal estate 
after payment of debts & funeral to be divided in three equal parts of which 
one to wife, one to children to be equally divided between them, & the 



1892.] Lee of Virginia. 73 

third part in manner following — To loving mother Anne thirteene shillings 
fower pence to buy her a ringe withall; to sister Alice same bequest; to 
Mrs. Avery same; to 9aid John Hanye 22s. in goulde to make by in a 
Rynge & to the nowe wife of said John Hanye 13s 4d for ring; to Mr. 
Henry Sympson 22s. in goulde for ring; all residue to wife who is sole 
Executrix; Overseers — John Hany & Henry Sympson; Wit. Mich: 
Wright, John Haney & Ellinor Averell. Pro 4 June 1618 by Executrix 
named in the will. P. C. C. Meade, 70. 

1629. — Will of John Grigson of Gray's Inn Lane, Victualler; Dated 24 
July 1629 ; names John Lea late Citizen & Sadler of London, deed, the late 
husband of Johane, my now wife, & his two sons Richard & Nicholas Lea? 
Proved 1 October 1629. Dean & Chapter of St. Pauls fo 369. 

1625. — Admon of Anne Lee. 

January 23 Commission issued to Anne Browne the mother (sic, grand- 
mother) of ffrancis & Anne Lee, children of Anne Lee late of the parish of 
St. Catherine Creechurch, London, deed, to adrn &c during minority of 
said children. P. C. C. Act. Book fo. 46. 

Marriage Allegations. 

1603-4. — Jan. 25. Francis Lee, Sadler, of St. Catherine Cree Church, 
Freeman of London, 26, & Ann Pierrepont, of same, Maiden, 20, daughter 
of Nicholas Pierrepont of Eastwell, co. Leicester, Gent, whose consent is 
attested by her brother John Pierrepont, of Eastwell aforesaid, Gent. ; at 
St. Catherine Cree Church aforesaid ; consent also of George Lee, of St. 
Catherine Cree Church, Sadler, father of said Francis. 

Mar. Al. Bish. Lond., Hari. Soc. xxv. 282. 

Register St. Peters Cornhill. 

Baptisms. 

1608 — Jan. 29 — ffrauncies Lea the sonne of ffrauncies Lea haberdasher 
dwelling in Cornhill. 

1611 — Jan. 27 — ffrancis lee the daught r of ffrancis lee haberdasher Corn- 
hill. 

1615 — Dec. 3 — Sonday — Ann Lee the daughfof ffrauncis Lee Free of the 
Sadlers Dwellinge in Redd Crosse ally in Cornhill. 

Burials. 

1614 — Oct. 31 — Buried Margarett Slanter s r vant to Mr. Lee haberdasher 

dwelling in Cornhill, age 25 yeres, pitt in the east yeard. 

Hari. Soc, Reg. Sec. vol. I. 

Register St. Mary Woolnoth. 

Marriages. 
1620 — May 16 — Francis Browne of St. Mary Woolchurch, and Anne Lee, 
Widdow, of St. Peter in Cornhill, by license. 

Register St. Mary Woolchurch Havj. 

Marriages. 
1636 — May 4 — Frances Shuttlewood, of the Parish of St. Edrncns the 
King, and Ann Lee, of this Parish, by license. 



74 Lee of Virginia. [Jan. 

Mr. Waters has cited the will of William Pindar, clerk,* who 
names a family of Shingleton als Lea of London, Virginia and Ply- 
mouth in the year 1625. It appears unlikely that this family were 
of kindred stock with either Col. Richard Lee or his relatives, the 
Lees of Langley, but the following items relating to them from the 
Probate Courts are very interesting as showing a connection with 
Stratford-Langton only a few years prior to the emigration to Vir- 
ginia. We have thus no less than three altogether distinct families 
of Lee resident in, or connected with, this suburb in the early part 
of the 17th century, i.e. Sir Robert Lee of the Quarrendon stock, 
Col. Richard Lee of the Langley line, the Shingleton-Lea family 
who appear to be from Devon, and perhaps we should add to this 
the Francis Lee family, before referred to as holding an estate 
here, as, if their connection with the American family be disproved, 
they will constitute a fourth totally distinct but co-existent line in 
this hamlet. A fact that should serve as an impressive warning to 
those whose hasty jumping to conclusions, unsupported by direct 
testimony, has made so much trouble and confusion in the past. 

1578. — Will of Thomas Hitchcock, Citizen & Carpenter of London ; date*J 
25 Oct. 1578; All goods to be divided in 3 parts of which one to wife 
Agnes & other two to pay legacies, debts &c; To poor of the streete of 
Stratford Langthorne, co Essex, -10s. ; to poor of Stanes, co Middx, 40s.; 
to children of sister Anne, wife of Owen Dod of Stratford Langtorne xx u ; 
To Thomas Speighte 5 h ; to children of sister Mary, wife cf John Baker 
of Stanes xx u ; to Alice, daughter of sister Johan, wife of Thomas Bowthe 
xxs. ; to sister Susan, wife of Thomas Stevenson 6 11 ; to brother Wm. Gile3 
my best gowne ; to Ede Maples, daughter of William Maples 40s.; to 
John Allat, my wife's sonne, my bay mare &c; sundry legacies to domestic 
servants ; Residue to Alice Bowthe, dau. of Thomas Bowthe, my brother, 
& Thomas Porter, woodmonger, in St. Katherines, equally — & I appoint 
them Executors; Overseers my trusty friends Thomas Spaighte, Peter 
Tompson & Roger Preston, scrivenor; I quit claim unto Thomas Lee, 
Richard Lee & (blank) Page, late my servants, all manner of actions, suits 
&c, which I or my executors may have against them ; In wit (no signature) 
Wit. John Skeat, Clark, John Stevenson, Willm Shawe, John Baker & 
Thomas Stevenson the younger; Proved 28 Oct 1578 by Thomas Porter, 
power reserved to Alice Bowthe. P. C. C. Langley, 33. 

1592. — Admon of William Shingleton als Lea. 

Novembris. xx mo die Emt. Com. Roberto Shingleton als Lea fili nrali et 
litimi willmi Shingleton als Lea nug pochie de Langton ab hit defs &c. 

Comm. Ct. Load., Act Bk., fo 249. 

1621. — Will of Thomas Speght of Precinct of St. James in the Wall in 
the Cittie of London, gent. ; dated 27 Feb. 1G20 ; pro. 5 June 1621 ; daugh- 
ter Judith, wife of John Mattocke ; children James, Lawrence, Paul, 
Catherine & Dorothy Speght ; dau. Mary, wife of John Talbot ; dau. Jane, 
wife of Richard Robothum; Elizabeth, wife of Humphrey Dison ; dau. 
Helen, wife of Tobias Wouhington ; bro. Samuel Hill, Doctor of Divinity; 

* Gleanings in Register, vol. xliv. page 392. A Thomas Singleton, Principal of Erase- 
nose College," Oxford, in his will dated 29 Dec. 1610, proved 14 Jan. 1614, names Sir Thomas 
Egertou, his sister Lady Marje Leighe and Robert Leigao. P. C. C. P.udd, G. 



1892.] Lee of Virginia. 75 

wife Anne ; To daughter Anne wife of Thomas Lea £40, but in a Codicil 
this bequest is revoked & the amount to be placed in hands of son Thomas 
Speght for welfare of said dau. Anne, but if she outlive the said Thomas 
Lea, then to be paid to her, but if she die in lifetime of her now husband, 
then to such of her children as shall be living. P. C. C. Dale, 58. 

1712. — Will of Sarah Leigh, late of London, now of Stratford, co Essex 
Widow; Dated 4 Oct. 1711 ; Pro. 10 Apr. 1712; Names nephew William 
Leigh & wife; his children Edmond & Anne Leigh; cosin William Cole 
& wife <5b their children Samuel & Sarah Cole; the son of Samuel Leigh, 
my late husband's brother; nephew Blinkern's 3 children Mary, Sarah & 
John; Mrs. Mary Skignus; poor of St. Michael Crooked Lane; Eliauor 
Blumfield; Elizabeth Garway; Mary Needbam; sister Leigh, widow of 
Brother Richard Leigh; Sarah Blinkern the elder & her sister Elizabeth 
Blinkern; my sister Hannah Blinkern & her 2 dans Sarah & Elizabeth 
Blinkern; widow Meats; neices Elizabeth Hambly, Mary Dyer & Dorothy 
Tristram ; nephews James & Isaac Cocks ; my brother Isaac Cocks Resi- 
duary Legatee & Executor. P. C. C. Barnes, 72. 



1709— -Will of Hancock Lee; dated 1706 ; Names daughter Mrs. xVnna 
. Armstead; son Richard Lee, who will be 18 years old in 1709, to whom 
" a double portion of property because a great part of the foundation of my 
estate came by his mother " ; other children are mentioned but not named. 
1st Codicil — son Isaac Lee ; 2nd Codicil, dated May, 1709 — son John 
Lee & " child my wife's now with." 

Northumberland Co (Va) Ct. Files. 

Extracted by William J. Cralle, Clerk of Court, for W. B. Lee Esq of 
Seend, Wilts,, to whose courtesey thi3 extract is due. 

The singular name of Hancock Lee occurring among the children 

© DO 

of Col. Richard (unquestionably a derivative from a surname), the 
writer has for years kept a keen look out for any Lee-Hancock 
marriages in the many Parish Registers which he has examined in 
all parts of the kingdom, with the result of finding at least two such 
instances which follow, although it is to be feared that they will give 
us but little aid. 

Register of West Buckland, Somst. 

1607 — Allexander Ley a£s ffarthinge was maryed vnto Emmett Thomas 
als Hancocke the x.xvth. of Octobr. 

Register of Brading in Isle of Wight, co. Hants. 

Marriages. 
1593 — October 31 — Roger Leigh and Ann Hancock. 
1606 — Julie 30 — Roger Lee and Mary Deacon by license. 
1615 — ffebruary 6 — Roger Lea Juin and Bridgett Granelen. 
1623 — November 13 — Kychard Galpen and Grace Leigh. 
1630— April 15— Thomas Ogland r & Eliza: Leigh, gent: Servant to S r 
John Oglauder.*- 

* The Memoirs of this Sir John Oglander (a second Pepys) hare recently been published, 
edited by W. H. Long, at Newport, I. W., 1888. 
VOL. XL VI. 7 



76 Lee of Virginia. [Jan. 

Baptisms. 
1593 — December 23 — Alice daughter of Roger Lee. 

1595 — August 10 — Ann " " " Lea. 

1597 — October 16 — Roger sonne '* " Lee. 

1599— October 4— Edward " " " Ley. 

1601— ffebruary 7— Thomas " " " Lee. 

1608— July 20— John " " " " 

1609 — September 5 — Jane daughter " " " 

1612— June 3— Dorothie u " « Lea, 

1614 — August 29 — Nicholas, sonne " " " 
1616 — January 29 — Bridgett, daughter of " " Jun r 

1618— September 8— Jane the " " " Lee. 

Burials. 

1583 — November 5 — Christian Lee. 

1594 — Aprell 8 — Alice daughter of Roger Lee. 

1604 — February 20 — buried the Abortive of Roger Lee. 

1605 — maie 13 — An the wife of Roger Lee. 

1615 — maye 26 — John, sonne of Roger Lea. 

— October 5 — (blank) daughter of Roger Lea. (qu. Jane vide bap*. 
1609.) 
1617 — maye 3 — the Abortive of Roger Lea. 

1623 — ffebruary 2 — Jane Lea a child of Roger Lea from St. Helens. 
1631— March 20— Charitie Leigh, widd. 
1669 — November 6 — Ann Lee. 

The above extracts comprise «#of the Lee entries in the Brading Register 
from its commencement in 1547 to 1703, as, with three or four exception?, 
all referred to the family of Roger who married Ann Hancock. They seem 
to have removed to St. Helens, a contiguous parish, before 1623. The 
Registers of St. Helens date from 1653 only. 

Note. — Since this MS. was sent to the printers, the writer has learned of the 
discovery, by that indefatigable genealogist, Mr. H. F. Waters, of the will of 
John Best of Twyning, co. Gloucester (see Gleanings in this number of Regis- 
ter, page 44), which clearly indicates the locality where this Lee-Hancock 
connection should be sought. In the brief time at his disposal the writer could 
only search the Twyning Transcripts (vide infra) which, however, do not give 
us much help. No doubt the Consistory Court of Probate of Gloucester,, if 
carefully searched, may contain the solution of the problem. The marriage of 

"William Hancock of Twyning "with Ley of co. Gloucester (Metcalf's Visit. 

of Worcester in 1682-3, fo. 53) is most suggestive, and no doubt the true clue 
h&s been found at last. 

Twyning, Gloucester, Transcripts* 

Parish Regs are only extant as follows: — Bar>t. from 1648; Bur. from 
1656; Mar. from 1693. 

1618 — Richard son of John Hancox bap. 6 June. 

1622 — Richard Hancoke & Elizabeth Hafford were married 14 Jan 7 . 
— Ales the daughter of Rich d Hancoke was christ d 26 Marche.* 
— May the daughter of Edw fi Hancocke was christened 4 June. 

1667 — Richard Plancoke buried Dec. . 

— William the son of Richard Hancock. bapt d (no date). 

1679—80 — Susanna, daughter of John Hancox was christened 3 Nov, 

1680 — Thomas son of Richard Hancock was buried 8 Nov. 



1892.] Zee of Virginia. 77 

1681— Richard son of John Hancock & Eliz ,h his wife bapt d 27 Feb. 

1682— William Hancock signs as Churchwarden. 

1683— (nil.) 

1684-5 — Richard son of John Hancock & Mary his wife bapt 20 Apl. 

— Wm : Hancock buried 2 April. 
1685-6 — Richard son of John Hancock & Mary his wife bapt. 20 Apl. 

— Mary daughter of John Hancock, buryed Nov. 10. 
1686 — John son of John Hancock & Mary was bapt. Feb 14. 

— Charles Johnson of Fladbury & Elizabeth Hancock of this parish 
were married Jan y 9 th . 
1689-90— Tho s son of John Hancock & Mary his wife bapt. 14 Jan 7 

— William son of John Hancock buried 20 Aug. 
1692-~(m7.) 
1694-5— (nil.) 
1697 — John son of Richard Hancock buried 23 Aug. 

— Susan wife of Richard Hancock buried 6 Oct. 
1700 — Septimus son of John Hancock & Mary his wife buried 25 Ap l . 
1703 — William Hancock buried 23 Dec. 

Searched to 1703 inclusive. All existing years in the Transcript 
are noted above — those un-noted are missing from tiles. 

In the hope of obtaining some reference which might unravel the tangled 
skein, search was now made for the wills of the two English Executors of 
Col. Richard Lee, with the result which follows. By this we see that John 
Lockey, as well as his widow, seems to have died intestate, while the two 
Thomas Griffiths, whose wills were found, might either have well been the 
one sought, but in neither case do we obtain the slightest aid in our quest. 

1665-6 — Admon of John Lockey. 

ffebruarij — Vicesimo septimo die emt. Com° Elizabethae Lockey vid. 
Relce Johnis Lockey hug poe'S 11 Bothi Algate, London, defunc hents &'c. 
Adstrand bona, iura et Cred die defuncti de bene &c iuiat. (''in partibus 
decendn " in Calender). P. C. C. Act. Bk. fo. 39. 

1674 — Admon of Elizabeth Lockye ats Stanford. 

Martij — Decimo tertio die Emt Com Allano Cliffe Curi Itime assto 
Elizabetha Lockye et Catherina Lockye filiabus nralibus et ltimo Elizabethan 
Lockye ats Stanford nug de Highgate in com Middx vid. def. hentio 
& Ad Adstrand bona Jura et Cred. dca defca duran minori cetat et ad vsu 
p'fat liberor dca def de bene &c Jurat. P. C. C. Act. Bk. fo. 39. 

1679 — Will of Thomas Griffith of Abinger ats Abingworth, co Surry, 
gent, dated 20 Sept. & proved 10 Oct. 1679; names Allen Vphill, wife of 
Richard Vphill of Barking, Essex, gent.; Mary Temple, wife of Miles 
Temple, late of London, Scrivener, principal legatees with remainder to 
Griffith Temple, eldest son of Miles &c ; My sisters Ellen Griffith & Con- 
stance Marden Executors; Overseers kinsmen Richard VpLill & Henry 
ffoster, gent. P. C. C. Bath, 21. 

[Note. — This will interest another family very much, namely, the Temples. 
The researches of the late John Gough Nichols (reprinted in the Heraldic 
Journal) corrected the previous pedigrees of the baronets of Stow e. lie showed 
that the baronetcy expired in the line of the oldest sou of the first baronet, with 
the fourth baronet, Sir Richard, who was created Viscount Cobham. Then it 
passed to Sir William and his brother Sir Peter, fifth and sixth baronets, grand- 
sons of John, second son of the first baronet; and the seventh barouet, Sir 



78 Morton and Taylor Estates in Dorchester. [Jan. 

Richard, was son of the sixth. He died s.p. in 1780, and the line was probably 
Edward Temple of Sebbertoft who died unmarried in 1796. But the first baro- 
net had two younger sons, viz.: Thomas, LL.D., and Miles. Dr. Thomas 
Temple is said to have been a fellow of Trinity College, Dublin, afterwards ;i 
minister at Battersea in Surrey (1C41), a preacher often before the Long Parlia- 
ment. I should certainly be inclined to identify him with Thomas Temple who 
was matriculated at Hart Hall, Oxford. Oct. 13," 1020, aged 17. of Bucks., son of 
a baronet; and who was B.C.L. 1(124, D.C.L. 1633, at Oxford. He is supposed 
to have had a grandson Robert Temple of Mount Temple, co. Westmeath. He 
certainly had a son Thomas named in the will of Sir Thomas Temple in 1071. 

The fourth son of the first baronet was Miles Temple of Dover, an officer in 
the Customs under the Parliament. He had three wives, and by the first had 
two sons and one daughter, the eldest son being Miles. This will seems to give 
a clue to either the father or son, — Miles, who married Mary Griffith, and who 
had been a scrivener in London. As the true pedigree of Sir John Temple who 
claimed the baronetcy has never been ascertained, although his descendants 
still hold the honor, it is desirable that search be made into the descendants of 
both Thomas and Miles. We know only this much, that Capt. Robert Temple, 
the emigrant, father to our Sir John, wrote that in 1717 he came to New Eng- 
land, taking ship at Plymouth " where lived an uncle of mine, one Mr. Nathaniel 
White, a merchant, and an old inhaoitaut of that town." See Nichols's Herald 
and Genealogist, for. pp. 11-13. m W. H. Whitmoke.] 

1631 — Will of Thomas Griffith, Citizen & Plasterer of London, of St. 
Leonards parish in Shoreditch, co Middx. ; dated 15 June, pro 15 Sept. 
1681; To be buried in St. Mary Aldermary in London; names brother 
William & his wife; kinswoman Elizabeth Kenton; bequest to town of 
Hinckly, Leicestershire; brother Richard Griffith; Daniel Top of Hinckly 
& his wife ; brother Isaiah Bray; Aunt Kinton; Aunt Griffith of Sapcoat; 
£200 due from Thomas Norton of Stepney on mortgage; wife Elizabeth 
Executrix ; Overseers, Daniel Morrice & John Pinck. 

P. C. C. North, 129. 
[To be continued.] 



THE OLD MORTON AND TAYLOR ESTATES IN 
DORCHESTER. 

By David Clapp, of Boston. 

A year or more ago there appeared in some of the papers of this 
city, and in one at least of oar monthly magazines, descriptive 
accounts of the Taylor mansion and estate on Dudley Street in 
Dorchester, which had then just passed out of the hands of the Taylor 
heirs, and the ancient and elegant mansion was about being de- 
molished. These accounts contained the assertion that the Hon. 
Perez Morton, whose death took place in 1S37, lived the greater 
part of his life and died on that estate. Although scores of living 
witnesses, including some of the direct descendants of Mr. Morton, 
could then attest the fact that for many years he lived, and 
finally died, in the Pavilion, so called, situated in the northerly part 
of what is now Pleasant Street; and although an effort was made to 
correct the mistake in one paper where it had appeared, the asser- 
tion was still persisted in, Being desirous that the truth in the 



1892.] Morton and Taylor Estates in Dorchester. 79 

matter should be ascertained from some unquestioned source, I after- 
wards spent what few leisure moments I could command in looking 
into public records, and was enabled to make out from them a tole- 
rably clear and I think correct history of the ownership and occupa- 
tion by Mr. Morton of the two estates mentioned, of both of which 
it is now certain that at different times he was the owner and on 
which he resided. 

Mr. Morton's residence, after his marriage in 1781, as we learn 
from the Boston Directory of 1789 and other reliable sources, was 
in Boston, on the lower corner of State and Exchange Streets, the 
site now occupied by the Union Bank. The first authentic document 
found connecting him in any way with Dudley Street in Dorchester, 
is a deed bearing date Oct. 11, 1794, and recorded in Norfolk Beg, 
office, Lib. 3, fol. 159, — -by which deed Samuel Bird, of Dorchester, 
for £200 conveys to Perez Morton, of Boston, a piece of land 
" bounded S. W. on the public road leading from Boston to Dor- 
Chester Meeting-house [Dudley' St.] ; S. E. on land of William Hum- 
phrey and Mary Bird; N. on land of Samuel and Ezekiel Bird: and 
N. W. on road leading to Dorchester Point [Cottage St.], contain- 
ing by estimation four acres more or less." To this was added by 
deed of April 6, 1796 (Lib. 1G, fol. 143), two quarters and 11 roods 
of land adjoining, conveyed by Samuel and Ezekiel Bird on condi- 
tion that Morton keep certain fences in repair; and by another deed, 
Jan. 11, 1802 (Lib. 16, fol. 142), William Humphrey conveys to Mr. 
Morton, for $200, half an acre more of contiguous land, "bounded 
north on said Morton's land or garden." 

During the eight years embraced in these three purchases of land, 
Mr. Morton had erected a house thereon, into which he removed, 
probably from State St. in Boston, and in which he lived until a 
period not later than 1S08. For he was already in possession", by 
right of his wife, of a more extensive and attractive piece of land in 
the town, a mile or less to the Eastward — known as Allen's Plain — 
a perfectly level and open tract of some 12 or 15 acres — to which 
he seems now to have turned his attention and on which he was 
apparently spending his money. This would appear by the fact that 
on Sept. 27th, 1803, for $14,100 he mortgaged to his brother Joseph 
Morton his whole Dudley Street estate, comprising, as the deed says 
(21-49), " all that my estate in Dorchester on which my dwelling-house 
now stands, together with all the land, appurtenant and belonging 
thereto, which I purchased of Samuel Bird and Ezekiel Bird [bound- 
aries given as above], containing by estimation five acres more or 
less, with all the buildings thereon standing," &c. &c. This mort- 
gage seems never to have been discharged. And here terminated 
Mr. Morton's connection with the Dudley Street estate ; for by 
deed bearing date of July 7, 1808 (Lib. 31, f. 190) Joseph Morton 
conveys to Cornelius Coolidge of Boston, in consideration of $15,000 
to be paid by said Coolidge in seven yearly instalments of $2,142.85 

VOL. XLVI. 7* 



80 Morton and Taylor Estates in Dorchester. [Jan. 

each, '''all that estate in Dorchester on which the dwelling house 
now stands late in the improvement of Perez Morton, Esq., with all 
the appurtenance thereto belonging, and buildings thereon standing, 
said premises, however, subject to the Equity of Redemption of said 
Perez Morton as by law is in such cases made and provided." All 
these annual instalments were promptly paid by Coolidge, the last 
one in 1815, and the mortgages discharged. The right of Redemp- 
tion by Mr. Morton seems not to have been exercised, so that in 1815, 
Mr. Morton having moved away certainly as early as 1808 (as 
shown above), the estate was in the sole possession of Cornelius 
Coolidge, who became the occupant of Mr. Morton's mansion and 
lived in it for many years. On the 17th of January, 1817, Mr. 
Coolidge, in consideration of $1 8,000, conveyed by deed (Norf. Reg. 
54-78) to Barnabas Hedge of Plymouth, Mass., his estate situated 
in Dorchester, with the dwelling house and buildings standing there- 
on — bounded as already described, containing by estimation about 
six acres and a quarter of an &cre — being all the premises, as he 
says, ''now occupied by me." On July 31, 1820, Mr. Hedge, in 
consideration of one hundred shares of the Bank of the United States, 
transferred to him by Samuel Appleton of Boston, conveys, by deed (63 
-174), to Mr. A. this same estate, with boundaries as before, containing 
about six or seven acres — " meaning to convey all the premises 
formerly owned and now occupied by Cornelius Coolidge, which 
were conveyed to me by him" Jan. 17, 1817. On Sept. 10, 1828, 
Mr. Appleton, in consideration of $12,000 paid him by Nathaniel 
Cogswell of Dorchester, conveys to him by deed (76-119) the 
" premises formerly owned and occupied by Cornelius Coolidge and 
by him conveyed to Barnabas Hedge, and bv said Hedge conveyed 
to me by his warranty deed of July 31, 1820." On Oct. 1, 1828, 
Nathaniel Cogswell, gent., in consideration of $12,700 paid him by 
Charles Taylor of Boston, gent., conveys to said Taylor (26-270) 
"an estate in said Dorchester, with the dwelling-house and buildings 
standing thereon and all the land appertaining and belonging thereto" 
— bounded as in previous deeds, being six or seven acres more 
or less — " being the premises formerly owned and occupied by Cor- 
nelius Coolidge, by him conveyed to Barnabas Hedge, by said Hedge 
to Samuel Appleton, and by said Appleton conveyed to me by deed," 
&c. And in 1890, Charles A. Welch and Wm. J. Lovering, trustees 
under will of Chas. J. Taylor, for $48,000, — additions having been 
made to the estate in 1841 (Norf. Reg. of Dds, 129-235)"— con- 
veyed (Suff. Reg, Deeds, Lib. 1915, fol. 561) to Cheever Newhall 
the estate in Dudley Street with boundaries a3 given above ; contain- 
ing, as by plan, 218,311 sq. ft. 

The exact time of the removal of Mr. Coolidge from the house in 
question after 1820 is not known, but his residence in Boston is given 
in the Directory for 1832 and subsequent years, showing his removal 
from Dorchester before that time. 


















,. 















.1892.] Morton and Taylor Estates in Dorchester. 81 

The possession by the Mortons of the Pleasant Street estate dates 
bao,k to a period more than a hundred years apro. Its various 
transfers by deed through the trusteeship of some of the prominent 
men of Boston, from the time in 1785 when it was owned by Wil- 
liam Allen, and whose dwelling-house was burnt thereon in 17S4 ; * 
which land was long used as a training field, may be in part gathered 
from the following extracts from a deed dated June 6, 1830, and 
recorded in Norf. Reg. Deeds, Lib. 92, foL 107: 

11 Whereas William Sullivan of Boston, Esq. [son of Gov. James], 
conveyed unto Sarah Wentworth Morton, wife of Perez Morton, Esq., 
on the 26th of May, 1816, a certain piece or parcel of land in said 
Dorchester, bounded as follows: — Beginning at a point on the north- 
erly side of the road which runs easterly by the public buryiug- 
ground [now Stoughton St.], whereby the land hereby conveyed 
adjoins the land of William Bird, and from said point running by 
said road easterly 535 feet more or less, then turning northerly and 
bounded easterly on the road [Pleasant St.] 1440 feet more or less, 
to the corner of another road [Cottage St.], which is a cross road 
leading westerly by the estate now in the possession of Mary Champ- 
ney .... and on this cross road bounded northerly about 380 feet 
more or less, then bounded westerly on land in possession of said 
Mary Champney and by land of said William Bird 1390 feet more 
or less to the place of beginning — Being the same lot of land 
that wa3 set off to Frederick Gryer upon a judgment of the Court 
of Common Pleas recovered against William Allen the first Tuesday 
of January, 1785. And whereas the consideration mentioned in said 
deed executed by William Sullivan, Esq. to Sarah W. Morton, wife 
of Perez Morton, conveying to Sarah W. in fee the estate aforesaid 
arose out of the avails of a certain house and land situate in Bow- 
doin Square, Boston,f which was given by deed to the said Sarah W. 
Morton, then bearing the name of Sarah Apthorp, by her grand- 
mother Grizzell Apthorp, and afterwards sold by the said Perez 
Morton and Sarah W. Morton to John Trecothick Apthorp, Esq. 
And whereas the said Perez and Sarah W. Morton, in her right, 
she being the legal and equitable owner of 3aid real estate, are dis- 
posed to grant and convey the same real estate in trust to the end 
and for the purposes hereinafter expressed — Now know all Men, 
that we the said Perez and Sarah W. Morton for and in considera- 
tion of one dollar to us in hand paid by Wm. Sullivan, John T. Ap- 

* " 1781, Mav. Mr. Jonathan Clap's bouse was burnt, and the fire flew from his house 
to Mr. William" Allen's barn, which was a quarter of a mile, which catcht in his dung Ueep 
and set his barn on fire, and then his house, and burnt them to ashes, with most ali his 
furniture, with three horses and all his carriages."— Diary of Col. Samuel Pierce, of Dor- 
cliester, in " History of Dorchester." 

t In Stiff. Reg. of Deeds (Lib. 191, fol. 57), 1799, is recorded a deed by which John 
Trecothick Apthorp, or' Cambridge, conveys to Samuel Parkman of Boston, for S'3,o00, " a 
house and land " in Bowdoin Square, — doubtless the estate referred to ahove. Many now 
living can remember Mr. Parkman's residence in one of the two large stone mansions 
fronting the open square (built by him after purchasing the estate), with his son Dr. George 
Parkman's house in the rear on, Cambridge Street. 



82 Morton and Taylor Estates in Dorchester. [Jan. 

thorp and Nathaniel P. Russell, Esq., of Boston, do hereby give, bar- 
gain, sell and convey the same real estate unto them the said," &c. 
" in trust nevertheless, and to the uses, purposes, &c* in this In- 
strument set forth, etc. — that is to say, to permit the said Perez 
and Sarah W. Morton during their joint lives to use, occupy and 
improve the said real estate or to lease the same and receive the 
rents and profits thereof," &c. &c. In the remainder of the deed 
provision is made for Mrs. M. if she survive her husband, and other 
conditions secure to her the right of finally disposing of the estate. 
Notwithstanding all these transfers, provisions, &c, apparently for 
the security of the estate to the Morton family, Peter C. Brooks, 
acting as trustee, after the death of Mr. Morton in 1837, by deed 
dated July 20, 1838, confirms to Mrs. M. for her own use all the 
estate which had not been otherwise disposed of. Various transfers 
of the property took place after Mr. Morton's death and during 
his widow's residence on it, but it is not part of the writer's plan to 
continue further a history of its ownership and occupation. Mrs. M. 
died in Quincy, May 14, 1 846. She was a lady of well-known literary 
merit in the early part of this century, was author of a volume of 
poems and also of various miscellaneous articles in prose and verse, 
and of a work entitled " My Mind and its Thoughts."* The families 
of herself and her husband were connected in various ways with the 
leading characters of the time, and the Pavilion where the Mortons 
resided — in itself a unique and most attractive building — was for 
many years the centre of a brilliant array of men and women con- 
spicuous in law, literature and fashion. Being brought up myself 
in its near vicinity, I well remember it and it3 inmates from my 
earliest years, and can now distinctly recall the aged Morton couple 
seated on their broad piazza and erjoying the south-westerly summer 
breezes as they swept across the open plain. The Pavilion was 
taken down not many years after Mrs. Morton's death, and — delight- 
ful as the location is — no dwelling-house has since taken its place. 
Its site is within a stone's throw of the spot where stood the first 
rude thatch-roofed meeting-house of the Dorchester emigrants, and on 
the first street in the town laid out by them, for many years known 
as Green Lane. 

The 3tory of Mr. Morton's occupancy of the two estates in Dor- 
chester, as shown by the abstracts of public records above given 
and plain inferences therefrom, may be briefly summed up as follows : 

* Mrs. Morton was also the author of " The Power of Sympathy or the Triumph of 
Nature," 2 volumes, 12 mo., published by I. Thomas & Co.. Boston, 1789. It was advertised 
in the Independent Chronicle, Boston, January 22, 1789, as published that day, and was 
called, probably correctly, the 'The Fir>t American Novel." The second American novel 
was, I presume. "Thy Coquette, or tat History of Eliza Wharton," by Mrs. Hannah Fos- 
ter, first published at Boston in 1797; the third and fourth, " Wieland " 1798, and " Arthur 
Mervyn," 1799, both by Charles Brockden Brown. Then follow in 1801, but in what order 
I do not Know, " Female Quixotism : Exhibited in the Romantic Opinions and Extravagant 
Adventures of Doreassina Sheldon," by Mrs. Tubitha Tenney, Newbury port; and tkred 
other works by Brown : Jane Taibot, Edgar Huntley aud Clara Howard.— Edixok. 



1892.] Morton and laylor Estates in Dorchester. 83 

After the purchase of his first lot of land on Dudley Street in 
1794, he erected on it a mansion house, removing into it from State 
Street, Boston, and occupied it for ten or more years, vacating it, as 
has been shown, certainly as early as 1808. This house was evi- 
dently no mean affair; for the estate itself, which a very few years 
before had cost the purchaser a comparatively small 3um, was in 
1803, after the house wa3 erected, mortgaged for $14000, and in 
1808 sold for $15000. There can scarcely be a doubt that this 
valuable house was no other than the well-known building, which, 
having been occupied for three quarters of a century afterwards in 
succession by Coolidge, Hedge and others, and finally by the Tay- 
lors, has been latterly known as the Taylor Mansion. 

Before moving away from Dudley Street, Mr. Morton would most 
likely have erected another house ready for occupancy, and as the 
Pleasant St. land has been shown to have been then in possession 
of his wife and himself, it is natural to suppose that he built thereon, 
and that the house erected was no other than the Pavilion,* in 
which it is well known he resided the latter part of his life, dying 
there Oct. 14, 1837. 

A few words may be said about the Hon. Perez Morton himself. 
He was born in Plymouth, Mass., Nov. 13, 1751 ; Harv. Univ. 1771 ; 
Speaker Mas3. Ho. of Kep. 1806-1811; Attor. Gen. Mass. 1811- 
1832; del. to State Conv. 1820. He married, May 24, 1781, Sarah 
Wentworth Apthorp, who was born in Braintree, Mass., Aug. 29, 
1759, and died in Quincy, Mass., May 14, 1846. In 1789^they 
were living in a, house in Boston on the lower corner of State and 
Exchange Streets — the former site of the Boston Custom House. 
The deed by which this " brick mansion house." as it is therein 
called, with land and outhouses thereto belonging, was conveyed to 
Mr. Morton (Suff. D., Lib. 148, fol. 189), bears^the date of 1784. 
The grantor was Thos. Apthorp, of London, late of Boston, who for 
"£150 lawful money of New England," conveys the property which 
his late father Charles W. Apthorp, who was a loyalist, formerly 
held. Eight years before this transaction, Mr. Morton was brought 
conspicuously before his fellow citizens. In April, 1776, ten months 
after the battle of Bunker Hill, the body of Gen. Joseph Warren 
was found and identified. The masonic fraternity, of which he was 
a conspicuous member, at once made arrangements for the funeral 
ceremonies, which took place at King's Chapel, on the 8th of April. 
Perez Morton, then a promising young lawyer and a mason, was 
selected to deliver a public address on the occasion. As Mrs. John 

* The house, according to my imperfect recollection of the details of a familiar object 
seen daily from infancy, comprised an extensive square lower or ground story, with 
a broad piazza in front. A second story, still smaller in floor surface, rested symmetri- 
cally on the centre of the first, with both stories low studded. It was a common report in my 
boyhood, that another story still smaller in extent once crowned this second story, and that 
the peculiar shape of the structure was copied from buildings in countries where hurricanes 
are frequent. The buiidincj, as now remembered, had ihe appearance of having been 
painted of a dark greyish color. 



























r 
























84 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

Adams wrote at the time, — "A young fellow could not have wished 
a finer opportunity to display his talents." The oration was well 
received, and did much credit to the orator. His startling apostrophe 
to the exhumed remains before him — " Illustrious relics ! What tid- 
ings from the grave ? Why hast thou left the peaceful mansions of 
the tomb, to visit again this troubled earth ?" must have deeply 
stirred the hearts of his audience. From that time Mr. Morton took 
rank with the leading spirits of the Revolution. Long afterwards, 
one of his latest public duties was acting as State's Attorney, assisted 
by Daniel Webster, in the celebrated trial of the Knapps at Salem, 
1830, for the murder of Capt. Joseph White. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Notes. 

TVhitson's Bay. — Mr. Alexander Brown's works on the Genesis of the United 
States is recognized as a work of rare value, but it contains a map the import- 
ance of which has hardly been appreciated, — the large map copied for the 
Spanish minister Velasco, in 1610, from a map drawn for King James, showing 
all the English discoveries down to date. The internal evidence shows that 
the map included operations in 1608., as Jamestown appears thereon. As a map 
of the coast of the United States, it is of extreme interest, and would justify 
lengthy discussion. In connection with New York, it shows that the name 
Manhattan was applied to the Jersey shore as well; and it is probable that Henry 
Hudson had a copy, or its equivalent, on his exploration of 1G09, which dissi- 
pated the great sea with which the Hudson, the ancient river of St. Anthony, 
then stood connected. But here I wish simply to call attention to its value in 
connection with New England. In various papers and contributions the writer 
has sought to make two points: (1.) That the river discovered in Maine, by 
Weymouth in his exploration of 1605, was not the St. George, but the Kenne- 
bec, otherwise the Sagadahock, to which Popham's expedition sailed in 1007; 
(2.) That Martin Bring did not follow Gosnold to Cuttyhunk in 1C03, but that he 
harbored at Plymouth with his two ships, where for six weeks he was engaged 
in getting sassafras. Now this map establishes both positions as true, since 
the Kennebec and its neighborhood are shown with irreat particularity, while 
there is no indication watever of any St. George's River, which would inevitably 
have been shown if the river had been discovered and explored. On the other 
hand, the claim that Plymouth harbor was named Whitson's Bay, after the Mayor 
of Bristol, in 1603. is also shown to be correct, in that this map, with Plymouth 
harbor delineated, two years before Champlain surveyed and mapped the port, 
shows the harbor distinctly as WhUsorts Bay. The writer had already shown 
that no early map ever gave the slightest representation of the St. George 
River, but this new map, which Mr. Brown has famished from the archives of 
Samancas (together with the plan of the fort on the Kennebec), destroys the 
last hope of the advocates of the St. George theory, puncturing and exploding 
their specious arguments, by which the St. George has been transferred into a 
noble and splendid stream, agreeing with the description of the Kennebec. 

B. F. DeCosta. 



King Heraldry.— In the floor of St. George's Church, Basseterre, on the 
Island of St. Kitts, W. I., is a gravestone with the following inscription: 
11 Here lies Interred the Body of Benjamin King of this Island. Esq r .. who de- 
parted this Life * * * of Dec, Anno Domini, 17**, in the Forty fifth 
Year of his age." This stone bears a heraldic device which, though much de- 



1802.] 



Notes and Queries. 



85 



faced by time and the fire which devastated Basseterre many years ago, may be 
easily deciphered as having on the shield a lion rampant, between crosses cross» 
let, and a crest, a demi ostrich rising out of a coronet. 

The stone was examined and the inscription and arms copied by Harrison 
Ellery, Esq., of Boston, while on a visit to the West Indies a few years ago. 
It was also photographed by Mr. C. C. Lyon of St. Kitts, in 1890, and copies 
were sent to the writer. The arms in question are those of King of Devon- 
shire and Torcester, Co. North., as given in Burke's General Armory, viz.: 
"Sable, a lion rampant or, crowned argent, between three cross crosslets or. 
Crest, out of a ducal coronet or, a demi ostrich ardent, wings endorsed, beak 
of the first." 

Through the courtesy of Henry George King, Esq., of Basseterre, in search- 
ing the Register of St. George's Church, in February last, the following entries 
were found: " Baptism, 1749, May 28, Benjamin, sou of Joseph and Elizabeth 
King. Burial, 1760, Dee. 23. Benjamin King. Esq." It is not improbable that 
this is the record of baptism and burial of Benjamin King who is under the 
heraldic gravestone, but nothing is known with certainty. 

It is an established fact, however, that Daniel King, Jr., Gent., of Lynn, 
Mass., born about 1636, was in lt>87 a resident merchant on the Island of St. 
Kitts. He was the son of Mr. Daniel Kiuge, Sen r ., of Lynn, and grandson of 
Ealphe Kinge of Watford, Hertfordshire, England, as set forth in the writer's 
recently published " Pedigree of King of Lynn." 

Can anyone throw any light on the ancestry of Benjamin King who is buried 
in St. George's Church, and his relationship, if any, to Daniel King, Jr.? 

Also, is there any evidence of the early use of the St. Kitts coat of arms by 
the Kings of Lynn? Rue us King. 

Tonkers, AT. Y. 



Robert Bailey Thomas, author of the Old Farmer's Almanack, was a son of 
William and Azubah (Goodale) Thomas, of Shrewsbury, and was born at the 
house of his maternal grandfather in Grafton, on April 21. 1766. He was mar- 
ried on November 17. 1803, to Hannah, daughter of Phineas and Hannah (Buss) 
Beaman, of Princeton, who was born on April 17, 1771. Most of his life was 
passed in the neighboring towns of Sterling, Boylston and West Boylston, 
though continually living on the same farm. While engaged in collecting 
material for a sketch of Mr. Thomas, which appears in the centennial number 
of the Almanack for 1802. I copied, on August 7, 1891, the following epitaphs 
relating to his family. They are found in the "Leg" Bury lug-ground, situated 
near the boundary line of West Boylston. s. a. g. 

In Memoria de 

William Thomas. 

who DIED 

June 13, 1810. 

Aged 85 years. 

3. Park, Groton [fecit]. 



AZUBAH THOMAS 

wife of 

William Thomas, 

w died 

Jan. 14. 1781. 

2Et. 43 yrs. 

Esther TnoMAS, 

Second fife of 

William Thomas, 

died 

Dec. 27, 1831. 

Mt. 88 yrs. 



Robert B. Thomas Esq 

Deed 

Mav 19, 1846, 

J&t. 80. 



HANNAH, 

widow of 
ROBERT B. THOMAS Esq 

late of West Bovlston, 

Died Sept. 28, 1855, 

iE. 81 Yrs. 5 ms. 



John Barton, of Boston, ropemaker, in a deed signed 25 Juiv, 1729, bv him- 
self and his wife Katherine, speaks of " my uncle, Thomas Barton, late of 
Portsmouth, England, mercer." George A. Goudon. 



86 Notes and Queries, [Jan. 

The Siege of Boston, 177G. — An event corroborated by American and Eng- 
lish Officers. Contributed by Albert A. Folsom. Esq. : 

February 23d. 1776. Ensign Lyinan Saturday, Feb. 24th. Last night a 

of Huntington's regiment, with a small Corporal of 22d, and two Men of 35th, 

party, took a Corporal and two men, either Deserted or were taken from the 

Who were centiuels at Brown's chim- Chimnies between 6 or 7 o Clock, 

neys, on Boston neck, without nrins: a -,, . . r ,, ., . - 

gun. These prisoners reported, that n The fbove is from the Journal of 

the heavy cannon were removed trom £ oL S \ e ^ kemble. Deputy Adj 

Bunker's Hill, and put on board ship. General ot ** British ™J in ^ orth 

r r America, under Generals Thomas Gage, 

The above is from " Memoirs of Maj. Sir William Howe, and Sir Henry Clin- 

General William Heath. Written bv tou > 1773 to 1770, published by the 

Himself. Boston, 1798." Gen. Heath New York Historical Society in 1884. 

was born, Eoxbury, March 2, 1737; Col. Kembie was born at New Bruns- 

died there Jan. 24,' 1814. The Hunt- wick, New Jersey, in 174Q. He returned 

ington mention was Colonel Jedediah to America in 1805, and dwelt at New 

Huntington, afterwards General, b. Brunswick, New Jersey, until his own 

Norwich, Ct., Aug. 4, 1743; d. New death in 1829. 

London, Sept. 25, 1818. H. U. 1763. . Mrs. General Gage was Col. Kemble's 

only sister. 



Historical Memoranda. — (Communicated by George A. Gordon, A.M., of 
Somerville, Mass.) : 

June ye 21 !t 1755. 

Rec d of Cap 1 Sam 11 moor fifteen Pound of bulets of the provenc Stors. I say 
Bee 4 . Pr John Goffe. 

By the Hon blQ Brig r Gen 1 Gage Commanding his Majestys forces to the West- 
ward. 

Permit the bearers hereof Major Moore, L* Chandler & Adj' Stevens of the 
New Hampshire Reg 1 to Pass your Posts to Albany, they having my leave to go 
down to that place for the recovery of their healths. 

Given under my hand at Oswego this 30 th of Sept r 1759. 

(Signed; Tho 3 Gage. 

To the Officers commanding at the Several Post betwixt Oswego and Albany. 
By the General's Command. (Signed) W. Hervey, 

Major of Brigade. 

Souhegan East May y € 10 th 1746. Capt. Colborn Sr I Have Inlested John Mar- 
shell Juner John Marsh Juner ik, Ezekiel Greley into my Troop which I hope is 
With your consent this from your friend and Seruant, John Celamberlin. 

To Capt. Tho 9 Colburn of Nottingham West. You are Required in his majes- 
tyes Name forthwith to see that all the Training Soldiers under your Command 
and others in your alarram List be Equipt with all things as the Law Requires 
and fail not at your Perril. 

Dunstable Aug 1 y e 5& 1755. Zacch 8 Lovewell Leif tt Co u . 
Endorsed 

In his majestves Saruice 

To Capt Tho s Colburn 
In Nottingham West. 



The Great House at Strawberry Banke. — The author of Mambles about 
Portsmouth seems to have fallen into error in assigning a date when the Great 
House (built in 1631) had become a ruin. After alluding to the fact that Presi- 
dent John Cutt had by wilt, in 1680, given it to his son Samuel, Mr. Brewster 
says; "The house was ttun probably in a dilapidated condition, for in 1685 it 



1892.] Notes and Queries. 87 

is recorded that the house had fallen down and the ruins were then visible." 
First Series (2d Ed.), page 21. 

Brewster does not cite his authority : and it may be that 1085 is a typographic* 
error for some later date. 

In the Rockingham Registry of Deeds, at Exeter, is the record of a convey- 
ance of land in Portsmouth, by Samuel Penhallow (and Mary, his wife), to Johr 
Snell, dated 20 August, 1692, which describes the premises as being " near ye 
house in which John Partridge now Dwelleth comonly called ye great house in 
ye towne of Portsm°." Lib. 6,/oZ. 151. Frank W. Hackett. 



Warren axd Waters. — Dr. Ira Warren, of Boston (1806-1864), says in his 
" Household Physician." " I say to all young persons, value very highly the 
knowledge of your family history, which you may easily learn from your par- 
ents, grandparents, uncles and aunts ; and esteem those very highly who are 
able to impart it to you. Soon the living records will be suddenly blotted by 
the hand of death, and then no regret for past negligence will enable you to 
repair your loss, if you have mis-improved your opportunity." 

Dr. Warren was one of niue children of Asa and Jemima (Kellogg) Warren, 
as follows, — Orson, Sylvanus, Asa, Stephen, Silas, Ira, Hiram, Diadany and 
Lucy. In his will of April 28, 1864, the doctor mentions his wife Ruth S., his 
brother Silas, sister Lucy Wells of Hiistisiord, Wis., his nephew Ira, son of 
his brother Asa of Loudon, Ont., his nephew Ira, son of Manton of Minn., his 
nephew Dewey K. Warren of Boston, his wife's brother Thomas Turner, Win- 
throp, Suffolk Co., Mass., bequeaths a section of land in Clark Co., Iowa, a farm 
in Pembroke, Mass., and the remainder of his estate to Tufts College, Medford, 
Mass., to found Warren Observatory. 

His brother, Asa Kellogg Warren" b. in Vt. Mar. 22, 1798, was m. to Clarissa 
Waters (b. in Vt. June 2771802), by Col. Thomas Talbot, in the " London Dis- 
trict," of Canada, Sept. 18, 1820, and had 8 daughters and 1 son. He cl. near 
London, Middlesex Co., Ont., Mav 3, 1867. She d. at Ailsa Craig, Ont., Eeb. 
27, 1881. 

Dr. Ira Warren used to say that his grandfather, Col. Gideon Warren of the 
Revolution (lived in the southern towns of Vermont but died at the house of 
his son Caleb in Hampton. X. Y.), was a personal friend of Ethan Allen, and a 
first cousin to Gen. Joseph Warren. M.D. (1711-1775), of Bunker Hill fame. 
For proof or disproof of this last statement I shall be very grateful. 

Charles Wells Waters, b. in Georgia, Chittenden Co., Vt., June 4, 1796, was 
taken to Canada in 1802, with his parents, and lived at Longville on the Ottawa 
River 14 years; m. Diadany Warren Jan. 14, 1815, and moved to Southwold, 
Elgin Co., Ont., in 1816, and settled on " Eront Street," near Col. Mahlon Bur- 
well. They had 7 daughters and 6 sons. Mrs. Waters d. Dec. 4, 1873, aged 78 ; 
he d. in 1880. 

His father, Trueman Waters, b. in Conn, m. Phila Wells and had one son and 
two daughters in Vermont. From there he moved with his son Charles W. to 
Southwold, Ont., and there married a second wife, and died in 1852, aged 82. 
Phila Waters, sister of Charles W., b. 1799, m. Samuel Pierce in Elgin Co., and 
had 3 sons and 3 daughters. Clarissa, before mentioned, m. Asa Warren, jun. 

Trueman Waters's" father was Capt. Abel Waters, b. in R. I., and his father 
from Wales. Capt. A. W.'s family were Lucy, Betty Ann, Eunice, Sally, 
Trueman, Daniel and Charles. His wife was a Tomlinson; both died at Long- 
vilie, Can. : he was 82. Wai. E. Chute. 



Woodbridge. — John Woodbridge has children born in York, of Elizabeth his 
wife, the daughter of George Norton, viz. : 1. John Woodbridge, b. Sept. 29, 
1718. 2. Mercy Woodbridge, b. June 21, 1720. 3. Ereelove Woodbridge, b. 
Nov. 29, 1722. 4. Lois Woodbridge, b. April 28, 1725. 5. Eunice Woodbridge,, 
b. Sept. 8, 1727. 6. Paul Woodbridge, b. March 28, 1730. 

Town Records (Births and Deaths) York, Maine, vol. i. page 35. 

Portsmouth, Indian Servant of John Woodbridge, died April 20, 1720, aged — . 
Ibid, page 3. Framk W. Hackett. 

VOL. XL VI. 8 



88 JVotes and Queries. [Jan. 

/ Queries. 

Weeks. — I wish to beg the assistance of your readers towards fixing the 
original home of a certain Thomas Weeks or Weekes, who appeared in Perqui- 
mans County. North Carolina, between 1723 and 1727. He is mentioned in the 
records for the first time in the latter year. Eis wife was named Anne. He is 
called "gentleman" and '-school-teacher." He acquired a considerable local 
prominence; he was sheriff of the county, represented it in the General Assembly 
for a number of years, and was for many^ycars a justice of the peace and judge 
of the general court. He died in 1763, leaving one or two daughters ?w 1 six- 
sons, whose names were Thomas, John, Benjamin, Samuel, James and Wilson. 
The descendants of Thomas are still numerous. The other lines are almost 
extinct. He left a large property, consisting chiefly of negroes and real estate. 
I think he emigrated to North Carolina from Massachusetts. I should be glad 
to correspond with any one who can give me any light as to his earlier home, 
his personal history aud his family connections. Stephen B. Weeks. 

Trinity College, Trinity, North Carolina. 



Taber — Morehouse. — Lydia Foster (b. 21 Feb. 17621, daughter of James 
Foster and Mary Lewis of Rochester, married (27 Apr. 1786) Richard Taber of 
Dartmouth and New York City. Their son, David Corey Taber, of New York 
City, married Esther Morehouse (b. 8 Dec. 1791, at Saugatuck, now Westport, 
Fairfield County, Conn.). 

The undersigned will be glad to receive any information about the ancestry 
of either Richard Taber or Esther Morehouse. Sidney Richmond Taber. 

The Brambles, Lake-Forest, Illinois. 



Church. — Information is desired as to the ancestry of Simeon Church of 
Chester Parish, Saybrook, Conn., b. about 1708, who d. there Oct. 7. 1792, in 
84th year, aud his wife Eunice, b. about 1719, who d. there July 16. 1809, in 90th 
year, with dates of marriage of their children : Titus, Pawlet, Vt., 1803; Eunice, 
who m. Phineas Warner, Saybrook, 1803; Philemon, Saybrook, 1803; John, 
Winchester, Conn., 1803; Samuel, Saybrook, 1803; and dates and places of death 
of the above, except Eunice, and also of Lois, wife of Simeon Brooks, Saybrook, 
1803; Eliza, wife of Isaiah Huntley, Marlow, N. H., 1803, and Simeon, Rensse- 
laerville, N. Y.. 1803. 

Also respecting the ancestry of the follov^ija^-early settlers of Granville, 
Mass., viz. : Samuel Church, b. about 1708, who died 1796, aged 84, and Jonathan 
Church, b. about 1713. who d. April 13, 1809, aged $5. / 

77 Wall St., New Haven, Conn. ^^Xccius M. Boltwood. 



Willoughby Queries. — 1. Deputy Governor Francis Willoughby, of Charles- 
town, Mass., iu his will June 4, 1670. gives to " cousin March liberty during her 
widowhood to live in and make use of my house in which she now dwells, rent 
free." Who was " cousin March? " 

2. The will of William Willoughby, son of theDep. Gov. Francis Willonjehby, 
was filed Dec. 7, 1694. in Middlesex. Probate Court. He left to " cousin Eliza- 
beth Moore £10." Who was she? 

Information is desired by Mrs. E. E. Salisbury, New Haven, Conn. 



Palmer. — I am desirous of obtaining information relative to the " West- 
chester Palmer Genealogy." I have in my possession the entire line of my own 
ancestry from year 1619 to present dace, beginning with William Palmer of 
Mam-a-roneek, Westchester Co., N. York, but am unable to trace beyond that 
date. At the suggestion of a friend who has had more experience in tracing up 
such matters, I have ventured to request that you publish a query in the Regis- 
ter, asking that anyone possessing a clue to information regarding books, 
traditions, or records, pertaining to said William Palmer of Westchester, would 
communicate with me. Address Mrs. E. E. Poppleton. 

502 Giddiiu/s Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. 



1892.] Notes and Queries. 89 

Waterhouse and WniTEnousE. — Who were the parents of Mary Water- 
house who married Caleb Robinson about 1700? 

Any person having a genealogy of the Whitehouse family will confer a favor 
by addressing the subscriber, William H. Kelley. 

No. 142 East Vnictrsity St., St. Paul, Minn. 



Chandler. — I write to ask if any of the readers of the Register can assist 
me in finding the pareutage of Sarah Chandler, born perhaps at Stratford. Ct., 
and married about 17G0 to Andrew Patterson, then of said Stratford. They 
lived successively at Cornwall. Ct., Piermont, N. H.. Wethersfleld, Ct., and New 
Lebanon, X. Y., where she died 1801. She does not appear in Dr. Chandler's 
Chandler Family. Geo. Dudley Seymour. 

118 York St., New Haven, Ct. 



Replies. 

John Traske, Senior, of Beverly, Mass., 16S7-1729. — In the inventory of 
the estate of Osmond Trask, of Beverly, rendered by his widow Elizabeth Trask, 
Administratrix, March 27, 1677, as attests Robert Lord. Cler. (Ipswich Records, 
iv. 80), is the following item : " dew from John Trask his Brothers Son "02." 
It was thought, for a long time, that the above had reference to John Trask, 
son of Capt. William, of Salem, it being then unknown, to those interested, 
that there were any persons in this country, at that period, bearing the name of 
John Trask. excepting said John, of Salem, and a minor son of Osmond, of 
Beverly. And yet there was a great disparity between the ages of Capt. WiUiani 
and Osmond, the latter being about 36 or 38 years the junior of Capt. William, 
according to the record of the depositions of said parties made in the years 1660, 
1664 and 1665, as printed in the Register, viii. 163. It has, however, recently 
come to light, that there was a John Traske. senior, of Beverly, " sea faring 
man," who, on the loth of March, 1C87-8, with consent of his wife, Hannah 
[SolartJ, for a consideration of £6. 15s. conveys to Jacob Grigs, Cooper, land in 
Beverly (Essex Deeds, Lib. ix. 110). Again, John Traske Jun r . of Salem, sells 
John Trask. of Beverly, " seaman," 2.^ acres of land in Beverly, April 23, 1601 
(Essex Deeds, xix. 187). Finally, Oct. 28, 1715, John Traske, of Beverly 4 - hus- 
bandman," for £311 conveys to Robert Morgan, of the same town, Cooper, his 
mansion or dwelling house and homestead adjoining, in Beverly, 20 acres; also, 
10 acres of land in Longham Meadow, in said Beverly, one-third part of the 
wood lot he bought in partnership with Nathaniel Stone, Juir. and Joseph 
Eaton, and, all his Commonages and Right in the Common and un ivided lands 
in Beverly. This was acknowledged, Nov. 2. 1715, by said John Traske and 
Hannah, his wife, who resigned her right of dower (Essex Deeds, Lib. xxviii. 
115). 

As a serine! to this, we are informed by the records (Middlesex Deeds, Lib. xvii. 
494), that William Reed, of Lexington, Mass., on the 21st of September, 1715. 
£•130 being paid by John Traske. of Beverly, " husbandman," sells said Traske 
60 acres of land in Lexington, with Mansion house, &c. And here the family 
remained, John Traske conveying to his ' L well beloved son," Nathaniel, of Lex- 
ington, his real estate in Lexington, 60 acres of laud, &c., corresponding to the 
grant made to him by said William Reed, together with his " whole pew in the 
Meeting House," Feb. 6, 1728-9 (Middlesex Deeds, xxxii. 306}. 

Nathaniel, above, had son. Nathaniel, born in Lexington, March 18, 1721, who 
was ordained pastor of the Congregational Church at Brentwood, N. IT. Dec. 
12, 1748 ; died Dec. 12, 1789. on the 41st anniversary of his ordination. Through 
this Rev. Nathaniel Trask, grandson of John and Hannah Solart) Trask, and 
his brothers John and Jonathan (the former of whom, born in Lexington, Feb. 
8, 1717-18, was of W>burn. 1751;, are descended many bearing our nan::-, in 
Maine, New Hampshire and elsewhere, and in the male and femaie branches 
connecting themselves with numerous families, among them those of Bateheider, 
Beinis, Brown. Chick, Cox, Drew, Emery, Ferguson, Fifieid, Fisk, Fo.ult. Gor- 
don. Greene, Greeuleaf, Harrington, Hill, Hitchcock, Huse, Jewell, Junn^on. 



90 JVotes and Queries, [Jan. 

Knowlton, Ladd, Leavitt, Leighton, Leitch, Moore. Morris, Prescott, Heed, 
Rich, Robinson. Sawyer, Scott. Simpson. Soaper, Spaulding, Stearns. Stockwell, 
Thing, Tufts, Willard, Williamson, Wills, Woodcock, Wyman, and others. 

See Hudson's History of Lexington, page 245 ; History and Genealogy of the 
Trask family, by R. D. Trask, Portland, 1S77, liJmo. pp. 36. where the descen- 
dants of Rev. Nathaniel in one line are given; Annals of Brentwood, N. H., 
Congregational Church aud Parish, by Rev. Benjamin A. Dean, Boston, 1889 ; 
Register, xxxii. 73-75. 

It would seem, therefore, quite probable, that John Traske, senior, of Beverly, 
who married Hannah Solart, and settled in Lexington, was the " Brothers Son " 
mentioned in the Inventory of Osmond Trask, and not John, the son of Capt. 
William. 

In conclusion, the writer of this is desirous of being informed as to the par- 
entage and time of death of said John, senior, of Beverly and Lexington. 

William B. Trask. 



Marshall P. Wilder's Christian Names. — Mr. Wilder on several occasions 
informed me that he at first bore the name of Marshall Pinckney Gerry Wilder, 
being so named by his father for John Marshall. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney 
and Elbridge Gerry, the envoys to France appointed in 1797 by President John 
Adams. I stated this, in a foot-note on page 234 of the 42d volume of the 
Register, adding that on one occasion Mr. Wilder, at a meeting of the NeAV- 
England Historic Genealogical Society, told the story to his hearers. I find 
that it was at the meeting on Wednesday. Nov. 2. 1881, and that his remarks are 
printed in the report of that meeting in the Boston Doily Advertiser of Dec. 3. 
The report was written by Mr. Daniel Weld Baker, then a member of our Society, 
who assures me that he took particular pains to give Mr. Wilder's statement 
about his name in his own words. At that meeting a paper was read by the 
Rev. Edwin M. Stone of Providence, R. I., entitled "Reminiscences of Marble- 
head." In it Mr. Stone referred to Elbridge Gerry and the Gerrymander. Mr. 
Wilder made some remarks at the close of the paper, which are thus reported 
in the Advertiser : 

" In expressing his appreciation of the value of the paper, President Wilder 
reverted to the comment which had been made on Elbridge Gerry, and gave it 
as an anecdote personal to himself that his father had at first named him Mar- 
shall Pinckney Gerry Wilder, but after the gerrymander doings he lost his admira- 
tion and had the " Gerry" struck out from his son's name." j. w. D. 



A Few Notes on Maverick's Description of New England. — In the Reg- 
ister for January, 1885, vol. 39, pages 33 to 48, was printed a " Description of 
New England," by Samuel Maverick. The following notes on that paper by 
the late Charles Deane, LL.D., are extracted from a letter to the editor of this 
magazine dated Dec. 2, 1884 : 

" I have read the Maverick paper with much interest. It is of great value. 
Of course there are many errors it it. made by Maverick himself, such as we 
might expect him to make. In the dates of patents he is altogether out. 
But some of the errors may be errors of the copyist. Now the date of 
Levett's patent, under 'CascoBay' [page 35]. is given as 1632. It should be 
1623. And there is a similar error under Braintree as "1632 or thereabouts" 
[page 40]. If they had a patent, it was probably in 1623 or thereabouts. 

"In the paragraph above, ' Boston' [pasre 39], Nasascot should be Natascot. 
In the second paragraph preceding the ' Decription of Plymouth bounds,' the 
comma should be deled in ' Obadiah, Holmes' [page 42]. Near the close of the 
article, 'now Amsterdam' [page 47, 3d par. from bottom], should be 'new 
Amsterdam.' " 

Note by the editor of the Begister. — In the preface to Maverick's paper, it is 
stated on page 33 that " Maverick when Winthrop and his company arrived was 
settled at Noddle's Island now East Boston." It should be " at Winnesimmet 
now Chelsea." See a paper by Hon. Mellen Chamberlain in the Proceedings of 
the Massachusetts Historical Society, 2d series, vol. i. pp. 366-73. 

Judge Batcheider thinks that " Christo : Bachelor and Company" (page 35), 
is a mistake for " Crispe, Bachelor and Compauy." See Register for January, 
1892, the present number, page 62. 



1892.] Notes and Queries. 91 

John Trask — Correction. — Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M. of Salem, in a com- 
munication to the Register (xviii. 150-153), on the "Potter Family." has, 
among others, the following note on page 153. " John Trask, 4 th deponent, was 
son of William, who came prior to the arrival of Endicott — bap. 13. 7. 1612, and 
died 14 Apr. 1700. in his 50 th year — so says his gr. stone in Beverly." 

This is correct until it comes to the time of death and age of said John, who 
did not die " 14 Apr. 1700. in his 59 th year." lie passed away in November, 
1729, his will being made Nov. 1st of that year, and proved Nov. 21st following, 
aged 87 years (Es-ex Wills, xvi. 171). 

The John Trask who was buried in the Abbott Street bnrying-ground at Bev- 
erly, to which the words " so says his gr. stone in Beverly" in this article un- 
doubtedly refer, was born in B. Oct. 1, 1721, and died, says the ^rave-stone, 
"April 14, 1760, in the 39 th year of his age." He was, according to the family 
records, son of Joseph, grandson of Samuel, and great-grandson of Osmond, of 
Beverly. 

Injustice to the writer of the above quoted note from the Register, it should 
be mentioned, that the latter part of the paragraph was based on an incorrect 
copy of the inscription on the gravestone given him by another person. 

William B. Trask. 



Historical Intelligence. 

Quarter Millenary of tfle Pillsbury Family. — The 250th anniversary of 
the settlement of William Pillsbury in New England was commemorated by a 
meeting of his descendants at Newburyport, Mass., on Thursday, Sept. 3. 1891. 
This is. the third reunion of this family, the first meeting being held in 1888, at 
which 106 persons Were present, and the second in 1889, when 111 were present. 
This is the largest gathering that has yet been held, 176 descendants being 
present. These reunions have been brought about through the exertions of 
Misses Emily A. and Ellen P. Getchell of Newbnryport, who are descendants 
and who have spent much time in preparing a genealogy of the Pillsbury family. 
The president, Hon. A. E. Pillsbury of Boston, presided at the gathering. The 
literary exercises con-isted ot speeches and poems. A dinner was served and 
the site of the old Pillsbury house in High street was visited. A full list of 
officers waschoseu. Among them were Hon. Albert E. Pillsbury, president : Hon. 
E. I. Pillsbury of Chariestown, Mass., secretary; Mr. Charles E. Pillsbury of 
Biddeford, Me., treasurer; and Miss Emily A. Getchell of Newburyport. histo- 
rian. The meeting seems to have passed off very pleasantly. A full report is 
printed in the Salem Press Historical and Genealogical Record for October, 1891, 
pp. 68 to 78, and in the Nev:bur>jport Daily Standard, Sept. 4, 1891. 



Mr. and Mrs. Edward E. Salisbury of New Haven, Conn., are printing, 
"privately," and have nearly completed, a book of "Family Histories and 
Genealogies." It is not a mere collection of names and dates, buc a book of 
family-history, adding to previous information many new facts which have 
been obtained abroad, as well as in this country. The book will be of great 
and ever-increasing interest to present and future generations of the families 
specified, and their allies, and also valuable to genealogists, antiquaries, and 
historians, in general. The work comprises monographs on the families of 
McCurdy. Mitchell. Lord, Lynde, Digby Newdigate, Willoughby, Griswold, 
Wolcott, Pitkin. Ogden, Johnson, Diodati, Lee. and Marvin; with notes, more 
or less full, on the families of Buchanan, Parmelee. Boardman, Lay. Hoo, 
Locke, Cole. DeWolf, Drake, Bond, Swayne, Dunbar, and Clark?. The text, 
indexes, and armorial bearings, accompanied by thirty-one large folded pedigree 
charts, on bond paper, will be in three volumes large 4to. of about fifteen hun- 
dred pages. The edition is of three hundred copies, of which nearly two-thirds 
have been sold or otherwise appropriated. Mr. and Mrs. Salisbury will give 
further information, on application. 



Titled Families in America. — The descendants of those who have received 
titles or decorations of honor from royalty for meritorious actions are requested 
to send their pedigrees and other information to F. G. Forsyth, Norfolk, Va., 
who is collecting material for a work of the above name. 
VOL. XL VI. 8* 



92 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

The Maternal Ancestors of James Russell Lowell. — Paymaster Joseph 
Foster, IT. S.N. , of Portsmouth, N. H., has written two very interesting articles 

on this subject, which were printed in the Portsmouth Journal, Sept. 5. 1891, and 
the New York Critic, Oct. 10, 1891. Among the families mentioned from which 
Mr. Lowell was descended on the mother's^side are Spence, Traill, Whipple and 
Cutt. Several generations of the maternal ancestors of this eminent poet, 
essayist and statesman resided in Portsmouth. 

Professor C. E. Norton, Mr. Lowell's literary executor, says, that these articles 
are "a very useful contribution to the history of Mr. Lowell's family, and all 
the more interesting because many of the most striking traits of his character 
and genius came to him from his mother's side." 



Register of S. Mary's Parish Church. Reading, Berks. — The Rev. Gibbs 
Payne Crawfurd, M.A., has issued a prospectus for publishing the registers of 
this church, from 1538 to 1812. It is proposed to publish the work in two 
volumes, vol. 1 to contain Baptisms, and vol. 2 Marriages and Burials. The 
first volume is now in press. It wiil make a volume of 336 pages on extra thick 
paper with velleni back, gold-lettered. A complete index of persons and places, 
and a list of subscribers will be given. The edition will be limited to 100 copies. 
The greatest care has been taken to ensure accuracy. Subscriptions should be 
sent to Rev. Mr. Crawfurd, 33 Baker Street, Reading, Berks., England. Price 
to subscribers £1. Is. post free. 



Poster's Address on Gen. William Whipple, Signer of the Declaration 
of Independence. — The Portsmouth Daily Ereuinrj Times, Nov. 23, 1801, con- 
tains a full report of the address on William Whipple by Paymaster Joseph 
Poster, U. S. N., delivered at Music Hall, Portsmouth, N. H., Nov. 20th, on the 
occasion of the presentation of the portraits of Whipple and Farragut by Storer 
Post No. 1, G. A. R., to the schools bearing those names. This address will 
also appear in a pamphlet soon to be issued containing the proceedings on that 
occasion. 



Richard Clarke of Boston. — Some genealogical items about this person 
will be found ante, page 16, in Dr. Slade's contribution. We are happy to state 
that a careful pedigree of this Clarke family, which is distinct from several 
others of the name in Boston, has been prepared by Isaac J. Greenwood, A.M., 
and will soon be printed in' the Register.— Editor. 



Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to 
furnish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families 
and other information which they think may be useful. We would suggest that 
all facts of interest illustrating family hi.-tory or character be communicated, 
especially service under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, 
graduation from college or professional schools, occupation, with places and 
dates of births, marriages, residence and death. When there are more than one 
christian name they should all be given in full if possible. No initials should be 
used when the full names are known. 

Elder. — A genealogy of the Elder family in Scotland, Ireland, Canada, and 
the United States, is being compiled by J. J. Elder, 1 Board of Trade, Indian- 
apolis. He would be obliged for authentic information as to the origin of the 
name, and the early history of the family; also for genealogies of the different 
branches of the family in the above-mentioned countries. 

Mathewson and Sjproule. — J. J. Elder, 1 Board of Trade, Indianapolis, Ind., 
has in preparation genealogies of these families. The Mathewsons crossed 
from the Hebrides, Scotland, into the north of Ireland, about two hundred 
years ago ; and from these most of their descendants have emigrated to the New 
World, and are settled at Montreal, Winnipeg, Detroit, New York and many 
other places on this continent. The Sproules, who have frequently intermarried 
with the Mathewsons, were Lairds of Cowden in Scotland, from the time of 
Robert Bruce. They sold their estates to the Earls of Dundonald, and removed 
to County Tyrone, Ireland, where the majority of their descendants reside, but 
a portion of them are in the United States. Mr. Elder has already collected 
some valuable materials, and invites correspondence. 















' 



1892.] Societies and their Proceedings. 93 



SOCIETIES AND TIIEIK PROCEEDINGS. 

New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Massachusetts, Wednesday, October 7, 1891. — A stated meeting was 
held this afternoon at 3 o'clock in the lower hall of Boston University, 12 Somer- 
set Street, the president, Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., in the chair. 

The Rev. Ezra Hoyt Byington, D.D., read a paper, entitled "Some of the 
Makers of New England." 

In the absence of Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., the historiographer, Mr. 
Henry H. Edes presented his report : that since his last report three resident 
members, Messrs. Edward Stearns, William Henry Kennard, and Hon. George 
Bailey Loring; one honorary member, Benson John Lossing, LL.D. ; and four 
corresponding members, Hon. Hannibal Hamlin, LL.D., Lyman Copeland 
Draper, LL.D., Hon. John Hazlehurst Bonneval Latrobe and Austin Wells Hol- 
den, M.D., have died. 

The librarian presented his monthly report. 

November 4. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon at three o'clock in the 
lower hall of Boston University, President Goodell in the chair. 

The Rev. E. J. V. Huiginn, of Duxbury, delivered an address on " The Dis- 
covery of the Grave of Myles Standish." 

The historiographer reported the death of Mr. John Wooldredge, a life member. 

The Rev. George M. Bodge, chairman of the special committee appointed at 
the annual meeting to investigate the matter of the sale, exchange and removal 
of books, pamphlets and newspapers by order of the Council, reported, that in 
the opinion of the committee, the work " was faithfully and judiciously done.*' 

December 4. — A stated meeting was held at the lower hall of Boston Uni- 
versity at three o'clock this afternoon, President Goodell in the chair. 

Prof. Nathaniel S. Shaler of Harvard University read a paper entitled " Gen- 
ealogy from the point of view of Natural Science." The paper was printed in 
full in the Boston Commonwealth, Dec. 12. 1891. 

The librarian made his report for two months. 

The historiographer reported the recent deaths of Wiiliam Coleman Eolger, 
a corresponding, and Thomas Hill, D.D.. LL.D., an honorary member. 

On motion of Mr. Henry H. Edes, it was unanimously Voted, That until 
otherwise ordered by the Society, the Nominating Committee shall send annu- 
ally to the Recording Secretary a list of its nominees in season for him to send a 
copy thereof to every Resident and Life Member with the notice of the Annual 
Meeting. 

The president appointed the following named gentlemen a committee to 
nominate officers for the ensuing year: Andrew McEarland Davis, S.B., Hon. 
Martin Parry Kennard, Hon. Stephen Henry Phillips, LL.B., Mr. David Board- 
man Elint and William Copley Winslow, D.D. 

Mr. Samuel Johnson and Charles Sherburne Penhallow, A.B., were appointed 
a committee to audit the treasurer's accounts. 

Kew Hayen Colony Historical Society. 

New Haven, Conn., Monday, Nov. 30, 1891. — At the Annual Meeting of the 
Society held this day, the following officers were elected for the ensuing 
year : 

President. — Simeon E. Baldwin. 

Vice President. — Eli Whitney. 

Secretary. — Thomas R. Trowbridge. 

Treasurer. — Charles S. Leete. 

The Society has recently received from Henry F. English, Esq., the deed of 
a lot oOxlGO ft. situate on Grove Street, facing Hillhouse Avenue, and valued at 
$11,000. Mr. English has also signified his intention to erect thereon a hand- 
some and suitable building for the Society as a memorial of his father, the late 
Hon. James E. English. 



94 Societies and their Proceedings. [Jan. 

Old Colony Historical Society. 

Taunton, Massachusetts, Thursday. Oct. 15, 1S91. — A quarterly meeting was 
held this afternoon, the president. Rev. S. Hopkins Emery, D.D.. in the chair. 

President Emery delivered the opening address. Messrs. James E. Seaver, 
Isaac TV. Wilcox and Leonard B. Ellis were appointed a committee to nomiuace 
officers at the annual meeting. 

Hon William E. Fuller and others -were appoiuted a committee to confer with 
the trustees of the Bristol Academy, incorporated June 30. 1702, and secure, if pos- 
sible, a suitable observance of the one hundredth anniversary of its foundation. 

Mr,. Edgar H. Heed, the historiographer, reported the recent deaths of three 
members, namely. Messrs. John Wilson Smith (who left a bequest of $500); 
Frederic V. Brown and Ransom Matteson. 

Mr. George Eox Tucker, of New Bedford, read a paper on " The Characteris- 
tics of the Quaker element in the New-England — and more particularly the Old 
Colony — Life iu the middle of the Seventeenth Century/' 

The constitution was amended so as to fix the sum for life membership at ten 
dollars. 

Capt. John W. D. Hall, the librarian, reported mauy valuable donations. 

Rhode Island Historical Society. 

Taunton, Mass.. Tuesday, July 7, IS 91. — A quarterly meeting was held this 
day at the Cabinet iu Waterman Street, the president, Gen. Horatio Rogers, in 
the chair. 

Dr. Amos Perry, the librarian, reported that there had been added to the 
library, 39 volumes and 193 pamphlets and unclassified articles. 

Gen. Rogers called Air. Alfred Stone to the chair, and offered a resolution that 
the society gratefully appreciates the attention shown to the members on their 
visit to Salem, by the Essex Institute, by the Feabody Academy of Science, by 
the Hon. Robert S. Rantoul, mayor of Salem, and by other persons and organiza- 
tions. 

October 6. — A quarterly meeting was held this evening. 

Superb portraits of Gov. Joseph Wanton and his wife, painted in England a 
century and a quarter ago, presented by Mr. Edward Terry "Warren of Boston. 
were exhibited, and thanks were voted to the donor. Gov. Wantou was the last 
colonial governor of Rhode Island. 

November 3. — A meeting was held this evening. Hon. George !\I. Carpenter, 
the first vice-president, read a paper on " Modern Historical Aims and Methods." 

The new portrait gallery, the largest of the new Cabinet apartmeuts, was 
opened on- this occasion. It is a room twenty feet square, lighted from the 
dome and directly in the rear of the original structure, Portraits of historical 
meu and women, and paintings of historical scenes, rill the walls of the room. 
The building will be opened for public inspection at a later date. 

November 17. — A fortnightly meeting was held this evening. 

Mr. Robert T. Swan, record commissioner of the state of Massachusetts, read 
a paper entitled, '■ A Commission ou Public Records; its Work and its Possi- 
bilities." 

December 1. — A stated meeting was held this evening in the Society's lecture 
room, Amos Perry. I.L.D., in the chair. 

Rev. William Chauncey Langdon. D.D., read a paper on ''Revolutions in 
Italy 1859 to 1871." 

Maine Historical Society. 

Portland, Thursday, December 10, 1891. — A meeting was held this afternoon 
in the library room. Baxter Building. In the absence of President Baxter, the 
Hon. George F. Talbot was elected chairman. 

Mr. Hubbard Win slow Bryant, the librarian, reported 475 volumes and 225 
pamphlets as donations since the last meeting. 

The iir&t papei' presented was a •• Memoir of the late William M. Sargent," by 
Charles E. Banks, M.D. It was read by the Rev. Dr. H. S. Barrage. 

Mr. Barker McCobb Read, of Bath, next read a paper on •• The Dukedom of 
Sagadahoc." 



1892.] Necrology of Histdric Genealogical Society. 95 

Mr. Edward P. Burnhani read a biographical notice of Joseph Dane of Ken- 
nebunk. 

Hon. Joseph Williamson read the fourth paper, entitled " Sketches of the 
Earlier Ministers of Maine," written by the late Hon. William D. Williamson, 
the historian of Maine. 

Mr. Samuel T. Pickard followed with a "Memoir of the late Edward H. 
Elwell." The meeting then adjourned to the evening. 

The evening session began at half past seven. 

The first paper was a tribute to the memory of Dr. Fordyce Barker of New 
York City. 

The next paper, " An Account of the Graves-Cilley Duel," written by Hon. 
Horatio King, was reau by Mr. George F. Emery. 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., Historiographer of the Society. 

The Historiographer would inform the Society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the limited 
space which can be appropriated. All the facts, however, which can be 
gathered are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in more 
extended memoirs for which the " Towne Memorial Fund," the gift of the 
late William B. Towne, is provided. Four volumes, printed at the charge 
of this fund, entitled ''Memorial Biographies," edited by the Commit- 
tee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of all the 
members who have died from the organization of the society to the year 
1862. A fifth volume is ready for the press. 

William Tolman Carlton, Esq., of Boston, a resident member, elected 
Sept. 6, 1371, died at his residence in the Dorchester district, June 28, 1888. 
lie was born in Boston, January 30, 1818. He was son of William Leeds and 
Mary Jane (Millet) Carlton. His birth place was the building known as the 
"Bunch of Grapes Tavern," which stood at the corner of Kilby and State 
Streets, and w r as used as a residence at the time referred to. Much of his child- 
hood was passed iu his father's later residence, which stood at the corner of 
Williams Court and the present Court Square, where the senior Carlton carried 
on a West India goods store in the lower front of the building. Later the 
family removed to Dorchester, in which town the subject of our sketch was 
educated iu the common school and the then existing Dorchester Academy. 
Conditions of health frustrated an intention on his part to prepare for college, 
and he directed his attention to a career as an artist, for which he early mani- 
fested a native aptitude. In pursuance of this he spent several years in Europe, 
mostly in Italy, with journeys in Germany and France for observation of art 
galleries, etc., and followed his profession as artist for part of one year in Paris. 
He returned to this country in 1810 and practised portrait painting, and gave 
instruction to private classes in drawing, as yielding the best immediate 
pecuniary returns. A portrait of Rev. Dr. John "Pierce, of Brookline, painted 
in February, 1841, was one of those executed at this period. Between 
1847 and 1850 he was in Albany, N. Y., where he painted portraits, principally; 
among others one of Silas Wright, then or previously governor of the State. 
He resumed professional work in Boston in 1850, and in the following year 
was nominated, or virtually, selected, by Mr. George Holiings worth, an artist 
of repute, as his assistant in carrying oh the school for *ree instruction in 
art, wmich, during the preceding year, had been opened by the Lowell 
Institute, with Mr. Hollingsworth as sole teacher. In carrying forward 
successfully this enterprise of the Institute the two were happily and harmoni- 



96 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

ottsly associated during the following 27 years, when the school was terminated 
by the projectors, principally because the method of instruction first introduced 
in 1S50, and steadily pursued, had now been generally adopted by art teachers, 
both in schools of free instruction and in prvar.e art schools or classes. The 
date of the event was determined by the circumstance of the demolition of the 
building on Washington Street, which, for many years, had been leased by ttie 
Institute. In respect to the method of instruction the two teachers had origin- 
ally been of one mind. Its main characteristics were the giving of instruction 
to beginners from real objects, — teaching " from the round" as it was called — 
instead of copying from drawings or paintings, — called teaching -'from the 
flat," — and in practice in drawing or painting from living models. .Many of the 
most eminent artists of Boston of later years took their first lessons in this 
school, which both in respect to originating the method in Boston and the skill 
and efficiency of the two teachers has a wide aud deserved celebrity. This de- 
votion of his best years to instruction limited the career of Mr. Carlton in 
respect to or' r ; rial production. Besides portraits, of which there were a con- 
siderable number, certain paintings of the genre order, and heads or full figures 
of unique or striking feature among the peasantry of foreign lands, are in the 
list. Of the former class several gained extensive recognition and praise at 
the time of their production. Mr. Carlton was married on June 1, 180-1, to Mary 
Elizabeth Blanchard of Portland, Me. Tins was her name by adoption, Raynes 
having been the ancestral name. The name Carlton was by the earlier genera- 
tions spelled Kilton, and as such is of Dorchester origin from an early date. 
The change, in this case, was made in Mr. William Leeds Carlton's day. 
As being identified with Dorchester through the family of Kilton, and on 
his mother's side with that of Millett, Mr. W. T. Carlton took a deep interest 
in the antiquities of that town. He was from the beginning a member of the 
Dorchester Antiquarian and Historical Society. He was a gentleman of urbane 
manners and gracious presence and of uprightness and independence of charac- 
ter, and was beloved and respected by a wide circle of friends and acquaintance. 
By Daniel W. Baker, Esq., of Boston. 

Rev. Henry Gookin Stoker, A.M., a corresponding member, elected Feb. 6. 
1845, was the son of Seth and Sarah (Gookin) Storer. and wasborninBiddeford, 
Me., Nov. 12, 1813. He graduated at Bowdoiu College in 1832, in a class with 
several, since, famous men. among whom may be mentioned, Cyrus A. Bartol, 
D.D.. Daniel R. Goodwin. D.D., President of Trinity College, Hartford. Conn., 
and Horatio Southgate, D.D. A course at Banger Theological Seminary fol- 
lowed his College course, and he graduated from the Seminary in 1836. 

He was ordained as an Evangelist, at MiLltown, N. B . March 30, 1852, and 
was acting pastor of the Congregational Church there from 1849 to. 1852'. h\ 
1853 he was preaching at Eastport, Me., and in 1S60 was acting pastor of the 
Hammond St. Church. Bangor, Me. In 1863 and for several short terms after- 
wards he was in charge of the church in Scarboro'. In 1865 he was at East 
Machias, Me. In 1867 he was living at West Newton, Mass. 

At other times, aud when not permanently engaged in the ministry, he resided 
at Scarborough. Me. His physical health was never good, and it was for this 
reason that he declined repeated invitations to settle in permanent pastorates. 
With every promise of success in the ministry, and amply endowed with those 
qualities of mind and heart, which fitted him for his chosen profession, he wa3 
constantly hindered and interrupted in his plans, and several congregations were 
sad to lose, because of his uncertain health, one whom they had learned to respect 
and love. 

Mr. Storer was greatly interested in the history of Scarborough ; and Mr. 
William S. Southgate, who published the history of that town in 1853, in his 
preface, says of his book, - The ground-work of it is derived from MS. m>tes 
of Rev. H.*G. Storer, whose praiseworthy diligence in collecting materials for 
the history of the town, has rendered the subsequent labor one of arrangement 
and enlargement only. It is to be regretted that one so thoroughly fitted for the 
ta.^k as he, aid not complete what was so well begun." Mr. Storer was for 
manv vears the ehief authority upon points of local history,and the genealogy 
of old" families of Scarborough and vicinity. He never married. He died at 
his home in Scarborough, Sept. 19. 1888. aged 71 years, 10 months and 7 days. 

By the Bee. George J/. Bodoe, A. AT., of East Boston. 



1892.] Book Xotices. 97 



BOOK NOTICES. 

[The Editor requests persons sending bocks for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 
mail.] 



Records of the First Church at Dorchester in New England: 1636-1134. Bos- 
ton, Mass. : George H. Ellis, 141 Franklin Street. 1891. 8vo. pp. xxvi.-f- 
270. Price §3. 

This volume is issued in pursuance of a vote of the Church in July, 1888, to 
print its first manuscript volume of records. It is a welcome addition to the 
resources of the historian and the genealogist. The committee charged with 
the work consisted of the pastor, the three deacous, Rev. S. J. Barrows and 
Mr. William B. Trask, who are members of the Church. The preparation of 
the principal preface or introduction, which is an important and highly interest- 
ing part of the book, was assigned to the two gentlemen named. The publica- 
tion is in fulfilment of a purpose long entertained, and which, from time to 
time, has had prompting and encouragement on the part of others not connected 
with the Church, who appreciated Hie great, and. possibly, in some particulars, 
unique value of these ancient records as historical data. A favorable moment 
appeared in an opportunity to obtain a competent transcriber having both the 
time and zeal requisite for the patience-testing, and in some respects perplexing, 
task. 

The transcriber is Rev. Charles H. Pope of Kennebunkport, Me., who though 
not immediately identified with the Church is so at the second remove,- it having 
been the church of his ancestors from the first settlement of the town. The 
fidelity of his labors will be recognized by all who are in any degree familiar 
with the original volume. The extent of these labors is not quite indicated by 
the title of " copyist," which he assumes in his brief and pertinent preface. 
The reading of the final proof sheets, with constant reference to the original 
page, and the preparation of a complete index of names, a general index and an 
index of places, are comprised iu the services rendered. The literary part of 
the preface proper, or introduction, is the work of Rev. Mr. Barrows, who had 
the assistance of Mr. Trask in the researches necessary for the presentation of 
the statistics pertaining to local history. 

The original is reproduced in its orthography, capital letters, abbreviations 
and punctuation and the order of succession of the various entries. In this 
last particular, as is often the case with ancient records, some irregularity ap- 
pears as respects dates, certain of the early dates being towards the end of the 
book, and certain leaves or pages being used here and there for memoranda of 
different periods ; but the indexes make everything reasonably accessible. Not 
only are to be found in the volume such affairs of the church routine as would be 
expected, but also a prolonged marginalrecord of dates of birth made by Rev. John 
Danf orth, pastor 1682-1730, who frequently in case of a dismissal from the Church 
names the place to which the person removed; this last information, often 
most valuable to an exploring genealogist ; and herein lies the possible unique 
merit of the volume. There are a considerable number of miscellaneous entries, 
and many which have the charm of quaintness. These with what is signified 
in the formal record are helpful to one who would gain a correct mental picture 
of times now distant ; for Dorchester dates not only from the beginning of the 
Bay Colony, but during the period here covered, and much longer, was a typical 
New-England puritanic community. 

The introduction consists largely and very fitly of a presentation of the facts 
of record bearing upon the question of the antiquity of the Dorchester Church, 
ecclesiastically considered. A part of the Dorchester church of 1636. supposed 
to be a majority of the membership, emigrated at that time and founded the 
town of Windsor, Conn. The records of the original church, which ante- 
dates the settlement of the town of Dorchester, having been organized at 
Plymouth, England, in March, 1629-30, are not extant, so far as is known. 
and there is nothing official to show whether the emigrating party went as 
a church or not. As the surviving pastor, Rev. John Warham, two deacons 
of the original church and a majority of members removed, it is the opinion of 



98 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

some that the church as an institution went also. There are writings, not 
official, made by persons living contemporary, or nearly so, that signify this, 
and other writings of the same period which are consistent with the conclusion 
which is reached by the authors of the introduction, that the original church 
separated into two nuclei, -whence, by accretion, came th? permanent church of 
Dorchester and the permanent church of Windsor. The phraseology of the 
introduction is, "The Churches at Dorchester and Windsor are both heirs of 
the same parentage." 

Whatever may finally be concluded on the matter, the fact is undisputed that 
there was a reorganization of the church at Dorchester, Aug. 23, 1G3G, after the 
departure for Windsor, which took place in April, and that the initiation of this 
work of reorganization began also in April. The principal authorities relied on 
by both sides of the controversy are quoted by the authors of the introduction. 
They reach their conclusion with the minimum of argumentation, which judicial 
form of presenting the case enhances the value of their chapter. 

The volume is an excellent specimen of the printer's art. A single fault is 
noticeable that does not detract essentially from its merit, in the omission of the 
title page of the original volume, which was intended to be page 1, as the typo- 
graphy shows. The caption of this title is, however, quoted in the introduction, 
and the remainder of it is a mere recital-by classification of the contents, so 
that nothing of significance fails to appear. 

By Daniel W. Baker, Esq., of Boston. 

Genea.Jogia Bedfordiensis ; being a Collection of Evidences relating chiefly to the 
Landed Gentry of Bedfordshire, A.D. 1538-1700. Collected out of Parish 
Begisters, the Bishops' 1 Transcripts, Early Wills, Monumental Inscriptions, etc. 
etc. Annotated with Copious Notes. By Frederick Augustus Blaydes, 
Editor of the " Visitations of Bedfordshire" and "• Bedfordshire Notes and 
Queries." London : Privately printed for the Editor at the Chiswick Press. 
1890. Super Royal 8vo. pp. 508. Edition 100 copies, of which only a few 
copies remain unsold. Price £2 5s., post free. Address the compiler, at 
Shenstone Lodge, Bedford, England. 

Mr. Blaydes, the compiler of this valuable work, began collecting genealogical 
materials relating to Bedfordshire some nine years ago. " My original inten- 
tion," he says, " was to make use of it in illustrating and extending the ' Visi- 
tations of Bedfordshire,' edited by me for the Harleian Society in 1884; but, in 
correspondence with several genealogical friends, I found many who, like my- 
self, were interested in Bedfordshire families, so in order that the material 
which I had collected might be available for such, I resolved to print a limited 
edition for subscribers. The greater part of the contents of this volume has 
never, till now, been printed, and I cannot but think they will prove useful to 
the genealogist." 

Mr. Blaydes's position as editor of the Bedfordshire Xotes and Queries, which 
he has held for upwards of nine years, has afforded him excellent opportunities 
for collecting and sifting materials relating to the genealogy of that county. 
He has searched the registers of forty-seven parishes for facts, which registers 
he found in a fairly good condition, generally speaking. "The conclusion I 
have arrived at," he says, " is that those well cared for and kept in the more 
equable temperature of the parsonage study are likely to last for all time, 
whereas those kept in the damp, stagnant atmosphere of our too often, alas! 
barred and bolted churches are gradually but surely decaying." 

The preface gives a description of the plan of the work and the sources from 
which the compiler has drawn his materials. The entries copied from parish 
registers and bishops' transcripts are printed under the names of the parishes, 
which are arranged alphabetically. The notes in illustration of these extracts 
are appended, also arranged under the several parishes. They show a vast 
amount of research. American readers will find matters of interest here. It 
will be remembered that Mr. Blaydes furnished important facts to Mr. Waters 
in his Washington research. (See Register, vol. 44, pp. 73-4, 308.) 

The present volume closes with the year 1700; but Mr. Blaydes has later 
material and can bring the work down to the close of the last century, in another 
volume, if sufficient encouragement is offered him. 

The book is handsomely printed on thick white paper, and illustrated with 
facsimiles of the signatures of Bedfordshire Justices, 1GS5-1753, from the 
parish registers of Stambridge, and of a page of a parish register, 1573-82. It 
has a, full index. 






. 












1892.] Boole Notices. 99 

Virginia Genealogies. A Genealogy of the Glassell Family of Scotland and 
Virginia, also of the families of Ball, Broion, Bryan, Conicay, Daniel, Eicell, 
Holladay, Leicis, LUtlepage, Moncure, Peyton, Robinson, Scott, Taylor, Wallace, 
of Virginia and Maryland. By Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, M.A., Member 
Southern Hist. Soc. ; Penn. Hist. Society; Wyoming Hist, and Geol. Soc. ; 
Penn. Soc. Sons of the Revolution; Cor. Mem. New-Eng. Hist. Gen. Soc. ; and 
Hist. Socs. of Md., Va., Ga., &c. &c. &c. Wilkes-Barre, Pa. : 1891. Large 
8vo. pp. xviii.-f-770. Price $7.35, including postage. 

The Rev. Mr. Hayden is favorably known as a zealous, untiring and thoroughly 
conscientious student through his numerous published contributions in history, 
genealogy and cognate fields during quite a score of years past. 

The work, as he states in his preface, was commenced some eight years aso 
at the instance of a cherished friend, a female parishioner of his. Instinctive 
predilection impelled a wider scope as new information opened up to him, until 
his loving task has assumed the present goodly proportions. He gratefully 
acknowledges essential assistance from the late Richard Moncure Conway, of 
Spotsylvania County, Va., a born genealogist, and the brother of the widely- 
known writer, Moncure Daniel Conway. Mr. Hayden has been characteristically 
assiduous, in this, a labor extraneous of his dutiful life-calling, and has made it 
paramountry the object in his literary labors. The result is gratifyingly what 
might be expected from him and under such circumstances. Virginia genealogy, 
duly appreciated and justly w~orked, is an attractive field, fruitful in valuable 
results contributary to a correct apprehension of Virginia in her people and her 
history, and coutributarily of the American nation. 

The present work is undoubtedly the most accurate in data and the most 
comprehensive in scope and material of any as yet published of the Virginia 
genealogies. In personal detail of prominent characters, in historic incident, 
in pictures of social life, and in reminiscences characteristically Virginian or 
Southern, it is peculiarly attractive and informatory. In tracing many of the 
families deduced, back to Great Britain, much of interest and suggestion to the 
student is presented. 

In a preliminary paper on ''Descent," in admirable spirit, Mr. Hayden gives 
much useful information in counteraction of silly prejudice and cherished 
foibles — little vanities. The limits of this notice prescribe citation, but it may 
be said that this paper will be appreciated on reading. 

Some idea of the value of this admirable garner may be given, in that in its 
nearly 800 large Svo. pages, thoroughly indexed and handsomely bound in cloth, 
illustrated by portraits, and enriched by early wills, Revolutionary letters and 
documents with biographical sketches replete with original data gleaned chiefly 
from old parish, county and state records, is comprehended pedigrees, more or 
less complete, of Maryland, Virginia and Kentucky families, embracing the 
following names : Alexander, Ashby, Ashton, Ball. Bankhead, Barnes, Beckwith. 
Blackburn, Blackwell, Briscoe, Britton, Brockenbrough, Bronaugh, Brown. 
Bryan, Buchanan, Bullitt, Bushrod, Caile, Campbell, Cary, Carter, Chichester, 
Chinn, Claggett, Corter, Conway, Cooke, Cordell, Cox, Crawley or Cralle, 
Crosby, Covell, Dade, Daniel, Doddridge, Downman. Edwards," Eltonhead. 
Eno, Eustace, Ewell, Eairfax, Eleet. Forrest, Foulke, lowke, Fox. Franklin. 
Gaskius, Glassell, Grayson, Grinnan, Gordon, Halsey, Hanson, Harrison, 
Hart, Hayden, Hayes, Henderson, Henry, Holladay, Horner, Hooe, Jones. 
Kenner, Key, Lee, Lewis, Lippett, Littlepage, Madison. Marr, Mason, McCarty. 
McGuire, Moncure, Morton, Morson, Xalie, Overton, i'atton, Paynter, Payne. 
Pearson, Pegram, Peyton, Phillips, Pickett, Ramsey, Randolph, Robinson, Scar- 
borough, Scriven, Scott, Smith, Somerville, Spaun, Stanard, Stone, Tabb. 
Taliaferro, Taylor, Terry, Thacher, Threlkell, Thompson. Tomlin, Travers, 
Tucker, Turner, Underwood, Vnnce, Waller, Wallace, Ware, Washington, Webb. 
Weeks, Williams, Whiting, Winston, Wood, Wormley, Yates, etc. There 
are over 100 full and extra pedigrees and excursi in addition to the sixteen 
families of direct record. 

There is some additional Washington matter in amplification of the invaluable 
results of Mr. Waters, and indeed a flood of fact and illustration which will be 
patent on examination. 

By Robert A. BrocJc, Esq., of Bichmond, Va. 
VOL. XL VI. 9 



100 Book Notices. [Jan. 

The Church of England in Nova Scotia, and the Tory Clergy of the Revolution. 
By Arthur Wentworth Eaton, B.A., Presbyter of the Diocese of New 
York. New York: Thomas Whittaker. 1891. \2mo. pp. xiv.-f-320. 

The Reverend Mr. Eaton of New York makes an affectionate acknowledg- 
ment of his obligation to the diocese, in which he was born and bred, in his latest 
book, ' ; The Church of England in Nova Scotia." The author, who has made us 
familiar with the picturesque and romantic aspects of his native Province in his 
charming poems, in this volume shows it to us in a plainer garb, but one 
no less interesting. The book shows indefatigable industry and strict fidelity, 
and contains much that is of value to the genealogist and antiquary as well as 
to the general student. Through all the first chapters are found constant allu- 
sions to the great debt the church owes to the venerable Society for the Propa- 
gation of the Gospel; without its pecuniary aid in those early days the faithful 
must have gone -without the consolations of religion, and their children, unin- 
structed in church doctrine, must have fallen a prey to some form of dissent; 
without the watchful care of the Society, error and schism of every kind must 
have been rampant. The flight of the Tories from the United States, which left 
the new nation to the stimulating control of Congregationalism, strengthened 
the church in Nova Scotia, giving its sentiment a tinge of the romantic loyalty 
the mother church of Englaud wore after the death of the Royal Martyr, for the 
sufferings of these new settlers of Nova Scotia are apt to be underrated by us in 
New England. Very low churchmen they have always been in the Provinces, 
but their loyalty to the Crown led them to sacrifice the rapid growth of their 
college to its interests. 

The personal notices in this book are of unexpected interest to New England 
readers; familiar surnames appear on every page, and many new relatives will 
be found here ; some of the most distinguished laymen of Nova Scotia have been 
of New-England origin. The chapter on ; ' Other Religious Bodies" is a very 
unprejudiced statement of the growth and usefulness of the sects, and a clear 
exposition of the political side of Romanism, which has always made it abhorrent 
to British subjects. Congregationalism made a settlement in Nova Scotia long 
before Cornwallis's surrender, as those will remember who recall the elaborate 
treatment of this subject by Mr. Eaton's friend, Professor Rand, and a little 
gentler usage of them by the ecclesiastical authorities would have conciliated 
most of their hostility and made the Province singularly united. Among 
the early students of King's College was Major General James Arnold- a gallant 
soldier and a skilful commander, but the son of the traitor; and the only un- 
pleasant line in this book is that which speaks of "the celebrated Benedict 
Arnold." A book published in New York should have found some more accurate 
description of him. * * 

The Annals of Sudbury, Wayland and Maynard, Middlesex County, Massachu- 
setts. By Alfred Sereno Hudson, Author of History of Sudbury, etc. 
Illustrated. 1891. Super Royal 8vo. pp. 213-f 40-f-vi. Price $4. Sold by 
the author, the Rev. A. S. Hudson, Ayer, Mass. 

The Rev. Mr. Hudson contributed to the History of Middlesex County, pub- 
lished in 1890, histories of the towns of Sudbury, Wayland and Maynard. These 
are made the basis of the histories of those places in the handsome volume be- 
fore us. Sudbury, the parent town, was settled in 1638, and received its name 
Sept. 4,1639. Wayland, oriuinallv East Sudburv, was incorporated as a town 
April .10, 1780, and Maynard, April 19, 1871. 

The volume is divided into six parts. Part I. is the History of Sudbury. 
Part II. is the Annals of Wayland. Part III. Annals of Maynard. Part IV. 
Appendix to the Annals of Wayland, arranged under,. various heads: such as 
Sudbury in the settlement of other Towns; Papers, Facts and Incidents in 
Philip's War; Modes of Travel, Public Houses and Temperance; Bridges, 
Causeways and Meadows in Sudbury River; Roll of Honor; Poetical Selections 
from Wayland Authors. Part V. Biographical Sketches and History of Houses. 
Part VI. Quarter Millennial Anniversary Exercises of Sudbury and Wayland, 
Sept. 4, 1889. 

This list of the contents of the volume shows a variety of interesting topics 
treated upon in its pages. It is profusely illustrated, there being upwards of 
sixty illustrations, such as portraits — many of them steel engravings — -views of 
buildings and scenery, maps and plans. It is a valuable addition to the local 
history of the County of Middlesex. The book has a good index. 



1892.] Book Notices. 101 

The History of Westborovgh, Massadwsetts. Part I. The Early History. By 
Heman Packard De Forest. Part II. The Later History. By Edward 
Craig Bates. Westborough : Published by the Town. 1891; 8vo. pp. 
xvi.-f 504. Price §3.50. Sold by the town clerk, Westborough, Mass. 

Westborough has an interest for us as the birthplace of Eli Whitney, the in- 
ventor of the cotton-gin, an invention which revolutionized the industry of the 
southern states. Many other men of note were natives or residents of the 
place. 

The book before us is well written and commends itself to students of Ameri- 
can local history. It treats of the topography of Westborough, of its Indian 
history, its first white settlers, its incorporation in 1712, its churches and 
ministers, its public schools, its manufacturing and agricultural industries, 
besides other topics of interest relating to the place and its inhabitants. The 
part taken by its people in the French and Indian wars, the revolution, the war 
of 1812 and the late civil war are fully set forth. Biographical sketches of 
prominent citizens are given in the appendix. 

The book has been compiled by two citizens of the town, the Rev. Mr. De 
Forest and Mr. Bates. The early history of the place, closing with the year 
18G0, was written by Mr. De Forest; and the later history, beginning with the 
civil war and coming down to the present time, a period of thirty years, is the 
work of Mr. Bates. Both of these gentlemen have done their work well. The 
volume is well printed and is embellished with numerous fine illustrations, con- 
sisting of portraits, views, maps and plans. It has a good index. 

Memorial of Seymour W. Baldwin of Elyria, Ohio, and of Fidelia (Hall) Baldwin 
his wife. Cleveland, Ohio : Leader Printing Company. 1891. 8vo. pp. 33. 

This memorial of Seymour W. Baldwin, a merchant of Elyria, Ohio, and his 
second wife, contains remarks at the funeral of the former, Feb. 7, 1891, by the 
Rev. Edwin E. Williams, pastor of the Congregational Church in Elyria, and 
Rev. Francis S. Hoyt, D.D., presiding elder of the Sandusky District of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church; a paper by Rev. Frederick A. Gould of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church at Elyria; and resolutions by various bodies on his 
death. The Rev. Dr. Hoyt, after portraying the life of Mr. Baldwin as a 
successful business man, a benevolent citizen and a sincere christian, thus speaks 
of its lessons : " You and I can look at such a character as his and learn a great 
lesson. We can learn that it is not the greatest thing in this world to be success- 
ful in business, to be a great lawyer or a great scholar, a great doctor or a man 
of great moneyed power. There is something in human nature, something in 
mind, something in heart, something in character that rises up above ail these 
earthly things and gives the human soul a dignity and glory that can never be 
destroyed." 

Mrs.* Fidelia Baldwin died before her husband, Oct. 5, 1886. An obituary of 
her is reprinted here from the Elyria Weekly Republican. Her step-son, Hon. 
Charles Candee Baldwin, of Cleveland, in his Genealogy of the Baldwin family, 
bears testimony to her sterling worth and great kindness. 

John Hancock and his Times. Read before the " Bostonion Society" in the 
Old State House, by the Secretary, William Clarence Burrage. Published 
by the John Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Co. of Boston. 1891. Demy 4to. 
pp. 19. 

Gov. John Hancock, of Massachusetts, the first signer of the Declaration of 
Independence, is enshrined in the hearts of the people of this country, though 
some writers have endeavored to detract from his merits. Mr. Burrage has 
done a good work in vindicating his memory in the elegant brochure before us. 
He gives a detailed account of the life of the patriot, drawn from every source 
available to him. The illustrations are very fine. Portraits of John Hancock 
and his wife Dorothy Quincy (a niece of Dr. Holmes's ancestress, "Dorothy 
Q."), are given. Other engravings are a view of the Hancock House; Boston 
Tea Party, 1773; Meeting of John Hancock and Paul Revere at Lexington; 
Retreat of the British from Lexington ; and Gov. Hancock's Visit to President 
Washington. A facsimile of the order of procession at the funeral of Gov. 
Hancock, as printed in a newspaper at the time, is given. 



102 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

The Lost Colony of Boanoke : its Fate and Survival. Bv Stephen B. Weeks, 
Ph.D. (Johns Hopkins). New York : The Knickerbocker Press. 1891. 8vo. 
pp. 42. Price 50 cents. 

This paper was read before the American Historical Association, and is re- 
printed from the fifth volume of the Papers of that society. 

Ralegh's " Lost Colony" has long been an object of romantic interest to our 
people, and Dr. Weeks's account of its "fate and survival" will gratify the 
curiosity of many readers. The author gives an account of Ralegh's attempt to 
colonize Virginia, and reproduces the authorities for such facts as have been 
preserved. He then advances arguments to prove that the Croatan Indians, 
now liviug in Robinson County, North Carolina, are lineal descendants of the 
colonists left on Roanoke Island in 1587, by John White. The conclusions 
reached from printed authorities are confirmed by the traditions, by the charac- 
ter and disposition, by the language, and by the* family names of this tribe of 
Indians. The paper is a very able one, showing much patient and praiseworthy 
research. We commend it to our readers. 

A Genealogical History beginning with Col. John Washingto-n, the emigrant, and 
head of the Washington Family in America. Edited and Compiled by Thornton 
Augustin Washington. Washington, D. C. : Press of McGill & Wallace. 
1891. 8vo. pp. 71. With folding tabular pedigree. 

Experimental Pedigree of Descendants of Lawrence Washington. 1635-1677, of 
Virginia. By Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, of Wilkesbarre, Pa. 1891. 
8vo. pp. 6. 

Wills of the American Ancestors of General George Washington, in the Line of 
the Original Oicner and, the Inheritors of Mount Vernon. Edited by Joseph 
M. Toner, M.D. Boston: New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 
1891. 8vo. pp. 19. 

We have before us three pamphlets illustrating the genealogy and history of 
the Washington family. 

In the first work Col. Thornton A. Washington gives much genealogical matter 
relating to the descendants of Col. John Washington the emigrant ancestor of 
President Washington in the line of the compiler, who is descended from Samuel 
Washington, born Nov. 16, 1734, the oldest full brother of the President. The 
work seems to be compiled with much care. The biographies of the various 
members of the family are very full, and contain matter hitherto not accessible. 

The pamphlet by the Rev. Mr. Hayden is reprinted from the authors " Vir- 
ginia Genealogies." Less has been known of the descendants of Lawrence 
Washington, the emigrant to Virginia, than there has been of those of his elder 
brother John, to whom the other two pamphlets are devoted. Mr. Hayden's 
pamphlet is particularly welcome. 

Dr. Toner's pamphlet is a reprint of his contribution to the July number of 
the Register, and our readers are familiar with its valuable contents. It is 
handsomely printed and will be found convenient it its separate form. 

How Yale grew to be a National University. 8vo. 14 pages. 

Weeden's Economic and Social History of Xew England. 8vo. 26 pages. 

These two pamphlets are by William L. Kingsley, A.M., editor of the Nevj- 
Englander and Yale Review, and are reprinted from that magazine; the former 
from the number for October, 1891, and the latter from that for November, 1891. 

In the first pamphlet. Mr. Kingsley shows the steps by which Yale College grew 
to be a " national university," as he claims that it is. " No other college in the 
country," he says, " draws so large a number of students from so wide an area. 
Its graduates are in every State of the Union — we might say in every town of 
any considerable size. Its faculties, though for the most part made up of its 
own alumni, include Professors selected from the alumni of more than a dozen 
other institutions of learning. Its students belong to families connected with 
all the different denominations, and all these denominations are also represented 
among its instructors. The spirit which rules on the campus is thoroughly 
American, and democratic in the true sense of that term." 

A college was contemplated by the founders of New Haven, w T here Yale Col- 



1892.] Booh Notices. 103 

lege is seated, and land was set apart by them for such an institution. But at 
the request of the friends of Harvard College, who represented that New Eng- 
land could not then support two colleges, the plan was not carried into 
execution for three score years. When, at the beginning of the last century, a 
college was founded, in Connecticut, it was determined to enlarge the area from 
which the college might draw its support, and it was, the author says, to James 
Pierpont, the founder of the institution, that we owe this. The plan adopted 
in 1701 has been continued to the present time, the area constantly increasing 
from which students were drawn. 

The second pamphlet is a review of Mr. Weeden's work on the "Economic 
and Social History of New England." Mr. Kingsley appreciates the great labor 
of Mr. Weedeu in gathering his facts from so many sources — many of them 
obscure and not easily accessible ; and the high value of the results obtained 
by his careful and generally judicious labors. But he cannot agree with him 
in all his inferences. "Life in New England in the seventeenth century," 
Mr. Kingsley thinks, "was not such a dull, bare and spiritless affair as is 
represented! On what continent, pray, and among what people was there more 
real and substantial happiness? The attempt to answer this question may lead 
some people to pause before they accept the estimate which is placed upon 
Puritans in this book." 

New Historical Atlas and General History. By Robert H. Labberton. Silver, 
Burdett & Company, New York, Boston, Chicago. 1890. -ito. pp. 213. 

This is a very useful work. It is a history of the world arranged under na- 
tions and epochs, and illustrated by numerous maps. The American History fills 
17 pages of the work, with many maps illustrating it. Appended are twenty-nine 
genealogical tables of royal and historic families from classical times to the 
present. The table of contents embodies a bibliography of the works used as 
authorities. Mr. Labberton has been engaged for twenty yeai*s on a large 
historical and genealogical atlas which has not yet been published, but his labors 
on that work have furnished material and fitted him for this. The plates of a 
former Atlas having been destroyed by fire, the author has made a thorough 
revision of the work and presents it to his readers in the well printed book 
before us. 

Stark's History and Guide to the Bahama Islands, containing a Description of 
everything on or about the Bahama Islands of which the Visitor or Resident may 
desire Information ; including their History, Inhabitants, Climate, Agriculture, 
Geology, Government and Besources. Fully Illustrated with Maps, Engravings 
and Photo-prints. By James H. Stark. Boston : Photo-Electrotype Company, 
Publishers. 12mo. pp. x.-f-2r!3. Price $1. 

The title-page sets forth clearly the contents of this book. It has been the 
author's intention, as he states in the preface, to produce " a history and guide 
to the Bahama Islands. In the performance of this task every available source 
of information known to him has been drawn upon, the best authorities have 
teen consulted, such as Brace's, McKinnen's, Edwards's, and Bacot's histories, 
from which much valuable information has beeu compiled, and also from some 
recent works on the Bahamas, such as Powles, Ives, Drysdale's and the Nassau 
Almanac." 

Mr. Stark has evidently bestowed much labor on this work. The reader 
will find here interesting matter on this subject which has never before appeared 
in print. The fourth centenary of the discovery of America by Columbus 
occurring in this year, readers will be attracted towards the contents of this 
neat and handy volume. 

" The Travelling Church" : An Account of the Baptist Exodus from Virginia to 
Kentucky in 1781 under the Leadership of Bev. Lewis Craig and Capt. William 
Ellis. By George W. Ranck. Louisville, Ky. : Press of Baptist Book Con- 
cern. 1891. 8vo. pp. 38. Price 25 cts. 

This story of the march of the heroic Baptist pioneers from Virginia to 
Kentucky in the latter part of the last century, embodies " much that has been 
utterly neglected by other writers, and supplies a thrilling chapter" in the his- 
tory of Kentucky. 

VOL. XLVI. 9* 



104 Book Notices. [Jan. 

Battles of Saratoga, 1777. The Saratoga Monument Association, 1856-1891. 

Illustrated. Bv Ellen Hardin Walworth. Joel MunselTs Sons, Publishers. 

Albany, N. Y. Royal 8vo. pp. 191. Price $2.50. 

Mrs. Walworth published a monograph on Burgoync':> Campaign in 1377, the 
centenary of the capture of that general's army. She has been induced by the 
favorable reception which her volume met with, to bring out this volume, and 
to illustrate it with "original views of the battle-ground, and the historic 
tablets which have been erected to mark different points of interest." 

The volume contains an account of the battles of Saratoga, followed by a his- 
tory of the Saratoga Monument Association and other historical matters relating 
to Saratoga and the battles. The initiatory steps for forming this association 
were taken in 1S5G, at a meeting of patriotic gentlemen in the old Schuyler 
mansion at Schuylerville, N. Y., and resulted in the organization in 1859 of an 
association, with the Hon. Hamilton Fish as President. The history of this 
association and what it has done is fully given in this volume by Mrs. Walworth, 
who is chairman of the committee on tablets, and also on that in charge of the 
monument. 

The book is handsomely printed on thick white paper, and is illustrated with 
twenty-four fine engravings, consisting of portraits, views, maps and plans. 

Saratoga is admitted to be one of the decisive battles of the world, and Mrs. 
Walworth has done a service to her countrymen in preserving the history of that 
important event and of the association whose object is to commemorate it. 

Memoranda concerning the Family of Bispham in Great Britain and the United 
States of America. Compiled and edited by William Bispham of New r York. 
Privately Printed. New York. 1890. Royal 8vo. pp. 348. Edition 100 
copies. 

Becord of the Bust Family, embracing the Descendants of Henry Bust who came 
from England and settled in Hingham, Mass., 1634-1635. By Albert D. 
Rust. Published by the Author. Waco, Texas. 8vo. pp. xvi.-f-528. 

Th.e Ladd Family. A Genealogical and Biographical Memoir of the Descendants 
of Daniel Ladd of Haverhill ; Joseph Ladd of Portsmouth, B. I. ; John Ladd of 
Burlington, N. J. Compiled by Warren Ladd of New Bedford. Printed 
for the Author by Edmund Anthony & Sons, New Bedford, Mass. 1890. 
8vo. pp. xii.-f 413. 

Genealogical Becords and Sketches of the Descendants of William Thomas of 
Hardicick, Mass. Illustrated by Views and Portraits. By A. R. Thomas, M.D. 
Philadelphia and London: F. A. Davis, Publisher. 1891. 8vo. pp. xi.-f-221. 

The Brockway Family. Some Becords of Wolston Brockway and his Descendants. 
By Francis E. Brockway. Owego, N. Y. : Leon L. Brockw T ay's Power 
Print. 1890. 4to. pp. 1B7. 

The Genealogy of the Dimond or Dimnn Family of Fairfield, Conn. Together 
with the Becords of the Dimom or Dymont Family of East Hampton, Long 
Island and of the Dimond Family of New Hampshire. By Edwin R. Dlmond 
of San Francisco, Cal. Albany, N. Y. : Published for the Compiler by Joel 
Munsell's Sons. 1891. 8vo. pp. 179. 

Materials for a History of the Sessions Family in America, the Descendants of 
Alexander Sessions of Andover, JIass., 1669. Gathered by Francis C. Ses- 
sions. Albany, N. Y. : Joel Munsell's Sons, Publishers." 1890. Fcp. 4to. 
pp. 252. Price $2. 

Memoranda relating to the Mifflin Family. By John Houston Merrill. 
[Philadelphia:] Printed for Private Distribution. [1890.] 8vo. pp. 91. 

Matthias Farnsworth and his Descendants in America. A Monograph. By 
Claudius Buchanan Farnsworth. Pawtucket, R. I. : Published by the 
Author. 1891. Super Royal 8vo. pp. 122. 

A History of the Putnam Family in England and America, recording the Ancestry 
and Descendants of John Putnam of Danvers, Mass., Jan Poutman of Albany, 
N. T., and Thomas Putnam of Hartford, Conn. By Eben Putnam. Illus- 
trated. Salem, Mass., U. S. A. : The Salem Press Publishing and Printing 



1892.] Book Notices. 105 

Co. 1891. 8vo. Part I. pp. 64+v. Edition 300 copies. Issued to Sub- 
scribers only. Price $6.00 in advance. 

Genealogical History, showing the Paternal Line from Arthur Bexford, a native of 
England, who married Elizabeth Stevens of New Haven,, Conn., in 1702. Com- 
piled by John DeWitt Rexford. Janesville, Wis. : Gazette Printing Com- 
pany, Printers. 1891. 8vo. pp. 77. 

Some Material for a Genealogy of the Prince Family of Danvers. By Eben Put- 
nam. 8vo. pp. 11. 

The Ancestry and Descendants of Jonathan Pollard, 1759-1821. With Ppcords 
of Allied Families. Compiled by Lucien M. Underwood. Syracuse, N. Y. : 
Privately Printed. 1891. Sm. 4to. pp. 20. Edition 200 copies. Price 65 c.ts., 
postpaid, 2 copies for one dollar. Address L. M. Underwood, 411 Coinstock 
Avenue, Syracuse, N. Y. 

John Smith of Milford, New Haven Colony, 1640; and his Descendants to the 
Fifth Generation. Compiled by Robert Atwater Smith of New Haven, Conn. 

Will of Charles Hoare of Gloucester, England. With Notes by George F. Hoar. 
Boston : David Clapp & Son, Printers. 1891. 8vo. pp. 7. 

Capt. John Elliott of Boston, Mass., 1722. By I. J. Greenwood. 8vo. pp. 4. 

The Ancestral Dictionary. Edited by John Osborne Austin. Printed by E. 
L. Ereeman & Son, Central Falls, R. I. 8vo. pp. 74. Price $5, postpaid. 
Address J. O. Austin, P.O. Box 81, Providence, R. I. 

An Account of the Beunion of the Descendants of Bev. lltomas Hooker, First 
Minister of Hartford, Cdnn., held at Hartford, May 16, 1S90, with other 
Historical Papers. Edited by John Hooker, President of Thomas Hooker 
Association. Salem, Mass. : The Salem Press Publishing and Printing Co. 
1891. 8vo. pp. 83. 

Beport of the Sixth Annual Beunion of the Eaton Family Association, held at 
Boston, August 19, 1S90. New Haven: Tuttle, Morehouse <k Taylor, 
Printers. 1891. 8vo. pp. 35. 

Eighth Annual Beunion of the Hartwell Family Association, held at the Town 
Hall, Concord, Mass., August 27, 1891. 8vo. pp. 19. 

We continue in this number our notices of genealogical publications. 

The book on the Bisphams is a work of much research, particularly in relation 
to the history of the name in England, which seems to be exhaustive. The 
progenitors of a majority of the Bisphams in the United States are de- 
scended from two brothers, Benjamin and Joshua, sons of Joseph Bispham of 
Bickerstaffe, an agricultural township in the parish of Ormskirk, Lancashire, 
who came to America in the first half of the last century and settled in New 
Jersey, Benjamin at Mount Holly and Joshua at Morestown. both in Burling- 
ton County. The book is handsomely printed and bound. It has fourteen illus- 
trations, among them fine views of Old Bispham Hall at Wigan, and the churches 
of St. Thomas a Becket, Up-Holland, and St. Peter and S& Paul, Ormskirk. all 
in Lancashire, and other objects of interest to the family. Two folding English 
pedigrees are given. The volume is well indexed. 

In the volume on the Rust family, the descendants of Henry Rust, an early 
settler of Hingham, Mass., seem* to be very thoroughly traced. Nearly five 
hundred families are given, arranged on the Begister Plan. The compiler has 
been very successful in obtaining biographical as well as genealogical details. 
Thirty-five steel and albertype portraits, besides other engravings, embellish the 
volume. It is handsomely printed and thoroughly indexed. 

The Ladd genealogy is compiled by Warren Ladd of New Bedford, who has 
been engaged in collecting materials for about eight years. He has done his 
work very faithfully and produced a volume that will be prized by those bear- 
ing the name. The book is well printed and has an excellent index. 

The Thomas genealogy- is by Prof. Amos Russell Thomas, M.D., of the 
Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia. He has collected here much 
interesting matter about the name, and has given a good genealogy of the de- 
scendants of William Thomas, who settled in Hardwick, Massachusetts, some 
time previous to December, 1732. He is considered by Rev. Dr. Paige, the 
historian of Hardwick, to be one of the earliest if not the earliest white inhabi- 



106 Book Notices. [J 



an 



tants of that town. Prof. Thomas has brought out his book in a handsome 
form. It is well printed and bound. It has a good index. 

The BroGkway book is devoted to the descendants of Wolston Brockway who 
settled in Lyme, Connecticut, in the middle of the seventeenth century. Mr. 
Brockway of Owego, the compiler, has had the assistance of the veteran gene- 
alogist, Mr. D. Williams Patterson of Newark Valley, N. Y. The book is well 
arranged and well indexed. It makes a handsome volume, illustrated with por- 
traits. 

The Dimond Family, by Mr. Dimond of San Francisco, is chiefly devoted to 
the descendants of Thomas Dimond, an early settlei of Fairtield, Conn. They 
are traced to the present time, some of the tenth generation being given. We 
have also in the book the records of the descendants of Thomas Dymont of 
East Hampton, L. I., who died in 1682, and of Ezekiel Dimond, Mho settled in 
Concord, N. H. about 1750 and who was a native of South Hampton in that 
province. Though living at such a distance from the early records of the 
family, he has under these difficulties persevered is his research and made a very 
commendable book. It has a good index. 

The materials for a History of the Sessions Family contain a large amount 
of matter relating to the name, consisting of biographies, letters, extracts from 
public records, records of families, etc. While on a recent tour of Europe he 
visited Wantage, Berkshire, from which place he had some reason for believing 
that his ancestors came, but he found none of the name there, though in the 
adjoining county of Gloucester he met with persons of that name, one of whom 
was mayor of the city of Gloucester. The book makes a neat volume and is 
illustrated with portraits and views of buildings. 

The book on the Mifflin family relates to the descendants of John Mifflin, 
senior, and John Mifflin, junior, father and son, who came from Warminster, 
Wiltshire, some time prior to 1679, and settled in Pennsylvania. It contains 
much valuable material. It makes a handsome volume. 

The Farnsworth book is principally devoted to the descendants of Matthias 
Farnsworth, who was a resident of Lynn, Mass., as early as 1657, but who re- 
moved a few years later to Groton. Two others of the surname are found in 
America in the seventeenth century — Joseph at Dorchester, Mass., in 1632, and 
Thomas, a quaker, at what is now Bordentown, New Jersey. Mr. Farnsworth 
gives brief accounts of Joseph and Thomas and their families, and devotes the 
rest of the book to the posterity of Matthias. The work is based on collections 
by the author's uncle, Rev. James D. Farnsworth, who died in 185L It is a 
very acceptable contribution to American genealogy. It 's well printed and 
indexed. 

The next work, on the Putnam family, will fill a long felt want. When com- 
pleted it will contain the result of the labors of several industrious genealogists, 
the first of whom was Dea. Edward Putnam, a grandson of the emigrant, who 
compiled a genealogy in 1733. The author of this work, Mr. Eben Putnam of 
Danvers, began collecting facts when twelve years of age. After others who 
had been preparing a Putnam genealogy for the press had died or given up the 
task, Mr. Putnam took their materials and by great labor for several years has 
prepared them for the press. The book when completed will make 600 octavo 
pages, embellished with about 30 full page illustrations. It will be issued in 
parts of about 60 pages each. The compiler hopes to publish the work complete 
by next summer. The part before us is well arranged and well printed. 

The Rexford book is devoted to the descendants of Arthur Rexford who 
settled in New Haven, Conn., as early as 1702. It contains valuable material and 
is clearly arranged. 

Mr. Putnam's pamphlet on the Prince family is reprinted from the Collections 
of the Essex Institute, vol. 27. It is intended to be supplementary to the 
account, in vol. 14, by the late Dr. James A. Emmerton, of the immediate 
descendants of Robert Prince of Salem. 

The pamphlet on the Pollard family gives the ancestry and descendants of 
Jonathan Pollard of New Braintree, Mass., born at Suncook, N. H., March 3, 
1759. He was a great grandson of Thomas Pollard, who settled at Billerica, 
Mass., about 1692. The work is well compiled and handsomely printed. It 
also contains genealogical matter relating to the families of Merrick, Smith, 
Bird and Williams. 

The next three pamphlets, relating to Smith, Hoare and Elliott, are reprints 
from the Register, and their matter is familier to our readers. 












' 












1892.] Recent Publications. 107 

The Ancestral Dictionary consists of a series of sixty-four ancestral tables, 
each of which gives all the known ancestors to the fourth generation of indi- 
viduals of more or less prominence, living and dead. Appended are eight blank 
charts, in which the purchaser can record his own ancestry aud that of his 
friends. It is a very useful volume. 

The last three pamphlets give the exercises at the gatherings of the families 
of Hooker, Eaton and Hartwell. These were all interesting occasions, and the 
pamphlets preserve much valuable material. 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

Presented to the New-Exglaxd Historic Gevealogicai, Society to Dec. 15, 1891. 
Prepared by the Rev. Ezra Hoyt Byington, D.D., Librarian. 

I. Publications written or edited by Members of the Society. 

History of Braintree and Quincy, Mass. By Charles Francis Adams, A.B. Boston. 
1891. 8vo. pp. 365. ' 

Some Phases of Sexual Morality and Church Discipline in Colonial New England. 
By Charles Francis Adams, A.B. Pp. 43. 

Bedford, England. A Historical Sketch. By Rev. E. G. Porter. Pamphlet, 16 
pages. 

Notes and Additions to the History of Gloucester. Second Series. By John J. 
Babson. Salem. 1891. 8vo. pp. 187. 

General John W. Phelps. A paper read before the New-England Historic Genealo- 
gical Society. By Cecil H. C. Howard. Dec. 1. 1886. 

Dedication Memorial Library. Acton, Mass. 1890. 8vo. pp. 46. 

Recordof the First Church in Dorchester, 1636 to 1734. Boston. 1891. 8vo.pp.40. 

Influence of the Netherlands upon England and the American Republic. By 
William Elliot Griffis, D.D. Boston. 1891. Pamphlet pp. 40. 

The Influence of the Clergy in the War of the Revolution. By Rt. Rev. William 
Stevens Perry, D.D. 

Captain Thomas Lawrence's Company, 1758. By Samuel Abbott Green, M.D. 
Cambridge. 1S90. Pamphlet 8vo. pp. 15. 

A History of die Putnam Family. Part 1. Bv Eben Putnam. Salem. 1891. 
pp. 64. 

The Church in Nova Scotia. Rev. A. W. Eaton, B.A. Pp. 320. 12mo. 1891. 

II. Other Publications. 

Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. 1891. Vol. V. New Series. 

The Anatomy of Astrangia Danse. Natural History Illustrations. Prepared under 
the direction of Louis Agassiz, 1849. Published by the Smithsonian Institution. 1889. 

Six Species of North American Fresh Water Fishes. Louis Agassiz and Spencer 
F. Baird, 1849. Published by the Smithsonian Institution. 1889. 

Archeeologia. Tracts relating to Antiquity. Second Series. London. 1890. Yol. 
II. 4to. pp. 788. 

Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries. London. Session of 1890-1891. 

Centennial of the First Congregational Church. Jericho, Vt. 1791-1891. His- 
torical Addresses by Hon. Edgar H. Lane and Rev. Austin Hazen. Burlington, Vt. 
1891. 

Americans of Royal Descent. By Charles H. Browning. Philadelphia. 1891. 
Second Edition. 8vo. pp. 732. 

Memorial Sermon on the Life and Character of Bishop Benjamin H. Paddock, 
S.T.D. By Rt. Rev. Thomas M. Clark, D.D., LL.D. of Rhode Island. 1891. pp. 31. 

Samuel Slater and the Cotton Manufacture in the United States. By William K. 
Bagnall, M.A. 

Illustrated Popular BiogTaphy of Connecticut. Compiled by J. A. Spaulding. 
Hartford. 1891. 8vo. pp. 374, 

Old Colony Historical Society's Record. Collections, 1, 2, 3, 4. 1878-1889. Pam- 
phlets. 

Lyndeborough, N. H. Historical Address by Rev. T, G. Clark. Concord. 1801. 
Pp.68. 



108 



Deaths. 



[Jan. 



Vol. VI. 1890-1891. 



Part 2. pp. 319. 
Barnet, Vt. 1891. Pamphlet, 

I., 1875-1889. 1391. Prince- 
Bunker Hill Monument 



Proceedings of the Mass. Historical Society. Second Series. 
Published by the Society. 1891. Octavo, pp. 538. 

Minnesota Historical Collections. Vol. VI. 1891. 

Centennial Anniversary of the Presbyterian Church. 
pp. 42. 

Necrology of Princeton Theological Seminary. Vol. 
ton. 

Proceedings of the Bunker Hill Monument Association. 
Association. 1891. Octavo, pp. 70. 

Class of 1875, Harvard College. Harvard College Secretary's Report, No. 6, 1875 
to 1891. Pp. 125. 

Society of California Pioneers. Annual Meeting. Third Annual Report of the 
Secretary. Boston, Sept. 9, 1890. Pamphlet, pp. 14. 

The Site of Fort St. George. By W. Scott Hill, M.D., President of the Kennebec 
Natural History and Antiquarian Society. 1891. 

Memoirs of Horatio Wood. Bv his son Horatio "Wood. Lowell. 1891. Pamphlet, 
pp. 31. 

Annual Report of American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. Pub- 
lished bv the Board. 1891. 

The War of the Rebellion Series. Vol. XXXIV., Part III, Vol. XXXV., Parts 
L, H. Vol. XXXVI., Part I. Washington, D. C. 1891 . Government Printing Office. 

Early Days of Woodstock, N. B. Anniversary of the Ordination of Rev. Fredk. 
Diblee.' Pamphlet, pp. 28. 

Some of the Beginnings of Westchester County Historical Society. Printed by 
Westchester County Historical Society. 1890. 



DEATHS. 



Arthur Delorai>te Corey, Ph.D., died 
at Maiden, Mass., Aug, 17, 1891. He 
was the only child of Deloraine-Pendre 
and Isabella (Holden) Corey, and was 
born at Maiden, April 13, 1866. He 
was fitted at the Maiden High School 
and entered Harvard College, with 
honors, at the early age of fifteen years. 
He received a Detur, in the freshman 
year, and second year highest honors in 
classics. In the early part of his junior 
year, he was taken from Cambridge by 
a fever, in consequence of which he 
was obliged to relinquish his studies 
for that year; and at the beginning of 
the next year he was again prostrated 
by a severer illness, which nearly proved 
fatal. He returned to his studies, how- 
ever, in the spring, and during the next 
year received a Bowdoin prize for a 
dissertation. The Dionysiac Theatre. 
At his graduation in 1886, he was 
ranked as the second in the classical de- 
partment and sixth in the class. He 
received his degree, sum/na cum laude, 
with final honors in classics and honor- 
able mention in Greek, Latin, French, 
and English composition. He re- 
mained at Cambridge another year and 
took the degree of A.M. He was 
secretary of the Classical Ciub from its 
formation in 1885 until he left the 



University in 1887, and was elected to 
the Phi Beta Kappa in 1886. He was 
an active member of the Society of 
Christian Brethren and the Harvard 
Total Abstinence Leasrue, taking a 
lively interest in the objects and work 
of those societies. 

In the summer of 1887 he went to 
Europe, and after a brief tour in Bel- 
gium and Germany, matriculated at 
the Royal Friedrich Wilhelni University 
in Berlin, where he studied nearly four 
years under the most celebrated clas- 
sicists and archeeologists of that famous 
University. During his vacations he 
visited Italy, the Netherlands, France, 
and England, always with a keen eye 
and understanding for the abundant 
art of those countries. In the museums 
and libraries of Germany, and in those 
of London and Paris, he studied un- 
weariedly for a dissertation, De Amazo- 
num Antiqicissimis Figuris, which gave 
him the degree of Doctor of Philosophy 
arid received from the Berlin faculty 
the predicate, diligentice et eruditionis 
specimen laudabile. He was the first 
native of Maiden to receive a foreign 
degree for actual work, that of Edward 
Wiggles worth (S.T.D.) received from 
Edinburgh in 1730 being honorary. 

He left Berlin in April of this year ; 



1892.] 



Deaths, 



109 



and after an archaeological tour in Hol- 
land and Belgium, he repaired to Paris, 
where he spent the last few weeks of 
his European life in revisiting the gal- 
leries and museums of that most favored 
city. Returning to America he reached 
his native city towards the last of May ; 
and, after a few weeks with his friends, 
he fell asleep with the composure of a 
philosopher, cheered and sustained by 
the clear and earnest faith of a Christian. 
A friend and fellow-student, who knew 
him intimately, both in America and 
Germany, says of him : — 

"He was under all circumstances 
kind and sympathetic, always eager to 
forget self in helping others ; of true 
Christian character ; a conscientious 
student and thorough scholar. On his 
death bed he had a kind word of re- 
membrance and consolation for every 
friend. His name will long live in 
those circles in which he moved, both 
in America and Germany, and his life, 
though short, may well serve as a 
model for those who knew him/'— Cam* 
bridge Tribune, Aug. 29. 

Dr. Corey was a descendant in the 
ninth generation of William Corey of 
Portsmouth, R. I., who is traditionally 
said to have removed from Salem ; and 
in the eighth generation of Richard 
Holden of Watertown and Groton. In 
the paternal line he was descended from 
Joseph Kills and John Wayte, the 
leading settlers of Maiden (Register, 
xxxii., 188-196), and from thirteen of 
the Pilgrims or first-comers of Ply- 
mouth, viz.: William Muffins and 
wife, John Alden and Priscilla Mullins, 
John Tilley and wife, and John How- 
land and Elizabeth Tilley, of the May* 
Jiower, 1620 ; Moses Symonson (Sim- 
mons) and wife, and Philip de Launey 
(Delano) of the Fortune, 1621; and 
Stephen Tracy and wife, Trvphosa 

Le , of "the Ann, 1623, *Of his 

ancestors were Rev. John Reyner of 
Plymouth and Dover ; Ezekiel Cheever, 
the famous schoolmaster, and his son, 
Rev. Thomas Cheever of Maiden and 
Chelsea; Rev. Ralph Partridge, the 
first minister of Duxbury, and his son- 
in-law, Rev. Thomas Thacher, the first 
pastor of the Old South Church, Bos- 
ton ; Elder William Sargeant of Mai- 
den and Barnstable ; Thomas Oakes of 
Cambridge; Elder John Chipman of 
Barnstable; Thomas Boylston, Ralph 
Sprague, Edward Hoiyoke, Capt. John 
■Floyd, Job Lane George Felt, James 
Nichols, William Cowdrey, and many 
others well known among the founders 
°f Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay. ♦ 



Mr. Charles Ben-james Richardson died 
at West Newton, Mass., July 5, 1891, 
aged 59. He was born at Groton, 
Mass., March 31, 1832, and was a son 
of Alpheus and Susan (Lawrence) 
Richardson of Groton. His parents 
were both born at Groton, his father 
Nov. 3, 1797, and his mother Feb. 28, 
1794. They were married Nov. 7, 1820. 
Charles B. Richardson was a de- 
scendant in the eighth generation from 
Thomas 1 Richardson, an early settler 
of Woburn, Mass., through Isaac, 3 
Benjamin, 3 Benjamin, 4 Benjamin,* Al- 
pheus, • and Alpheus 7 his father. (See 
Richardson Memorial, by John A. 
Vinton, page 688.) When a youth he 
came to Boston and became a clerk 
for Mr. Charles Tappan, bookseller and 
publisher. In 18-56 he entered into 
partnership with Mr. James Robinson, 
under the tirm of Robinson a;;d Rich- 
ardson, and carried on the publishing 
business at No. 119 Washington Street. 
They were the publishers of The Student 
and" Schoolmate, At the close of the 
year the partnership was dissolved and 
Mr. Richardson started a new periodi- 
cal, The Historical Magazine. Besidea 
this he published the Register one 
year, 1857. He also engaged in the 
sale of historical books. Early in 1858 
he removed his publication office and 
bookstore to New York City. In 1862 
he reprinted the Bay Psalm Book (see 
Register, vol. 45, p. 305;, In June, 
1864, he sold out the Historical Magazine 
to the then editor, John Gilmary Shea, 
LL.D. When the work was published in 
Boston the writer of this obituary was 
the editor (See Register for January, 
1878, vol. 32, page 116). Mr. Richard- 
son continued the publishing and book- 
selling business. During the later 
years of his business life in New York 
city, he was a member of the University 
Publishing Company. After 1885 ha 
resided at Newton, Mass. 

Mr. Richardson married 1st, at Bos- 
ton, Miss Mary Frances Carter, Nov, 7, 
1859. She died March 19, 1861. He 
married 2d, Miss Charlotte E. Hale, 
daughter of David Hale, prominent as 
one of the editors and proprietors of 
the Xeio York Journal of Commerce. 

Mrs. Mart Eleery Rogers Trask, widow 
of Judge Joshua Phippen Trask, of 
Gloucester, Mass.. died at the residenca 
o T " her daughter, Mrs. Poor, in Man- 
chester, N. II., Nov. 5, 1891, aged SS 
years, months, i0 days. She was the 
last survivor of the ten children of 
" Master " William Rogers, of Glouces- 



no 



Deaths. 



[ji 



an. 



ter, who "was a mariner and soldier in 
the revolution in early life, and after* 
wards, for many years, a school teacher 
and officer of the Customs. He died 
in 1S32, aged 74. Her grandfather, 
Rev. John Rogers (graduated at Har- 
vard College in 1739, being librarian of 
the University, and for thirty -eight 
years pastor of the Fourth Parish, 
Gloucester), was the 8th generation in 
descent from John 1 Rogers the younger 
of Chelmsford, England (see Register, 
vol. 43, page 153) ; through John 3 of 
Chelmsford; Rev. John, 3 the famous 
preacher of Dedham, England; Rev. 
Nathaniel, 4 who came to New England 
and settled at Ipswich, Mass. ; Rev. 
John, 5 president of Harvard College; 
Rev. John 6 of Ipswich ; and Rev. John 7 
of Kittery, Me., who was his father. 
(See Register, vol. 5, page 320.) 

Of Mrs. Trask's brothers and sisters, 
Isaac was a Congregational clergyman, 
who died in 1872, aged 77 ; George L. 
of Newburyport, died same year, aged 
65 ; John C, shipmaster and Collector 
of Customs for Gloucester, died in 1849 ; 
Betsey R. married Zachariah Stevens, 
died at Waldoboro', Me., in 1875, in her 
eighty- sixth year, and another sister, 
Mrs. Catharine Allen, who died over a 
year ago, at the age of 86. 

Mrs. T. was a woman of marked 
intelligence and fine sensibilities ; of 
noble bearing and pleasant manners ; of 
a hospitable, sympathetic, generous 
nature. She was a member of the 
Congregational Church in Gloucester, 
where the larger part of her devoted, 
useful life was passed. She retained 
her faculties in a remarkable degree, up 
to her last sickness of a few days 
duration. 

Her husband passed away Sept. 17, 
1862, in his fifty-eighth year, and some 
years later Mrs. Trask removed from 
Gloucester to make her home with her 
daughter. She leaves sons, Rev. John 
Low Rogers Trask, DD., of Spring- 
field, Mass., Isaac Rogers Trask, of St. 
Louis, Mo. ; and daughters, Mrs. Lizzie 
R. Poor, of Manchester, X. H., and 
Mrs. Mary A. Beckford. She had two 
other sons, Capt. William P. Trask and 
Capt. Charles A. Trask, both lost at sea, 
the latter in 1868. — Chiefiy condensed 
from the Gloucester Times, Nov. 6, 1891. 

Miss Elizabeth Withington- died at 
Mount Bowdoin, Dorchester, Mass., 
Dec. 17, 1891 at the age of one hun- 
dred years, three months. She was 
born Aug. 31. 1791, at the Scarborough 
Place, now within the limits of Frank- 
lin Park, Boston. Her father was 



Joseph Weeks Withington, the son of 
Philip and Katharine (Weeks) Wirh- 
ington. He was descended from Hi ury 
Withington, one of the earliest settlers 
of Dorchester; also from Richard 
Mather, the first minister of the plr.ce. 
Her mother was Elizabeth White, who, 
having lost her father in early child- 
hood, was brought up by her grand- 
father, Deacon Abijah White, of 
hallowed memory. The first of the 
Dorchester Whites came among the 
earliest colonists. A memento of him 
still exists in a rose-bush growing in 
Dorchester, which is a lineal descendant 
of one which he brought with him from 
England. 

Some of the first experiences of Miss 
Withington's young womanhood were 
in connection with the settlement of 
Rev. Dr. Codraan over the Second 
Church in Dorchester. In common 
with the other members of her family, 
she sympathized warmly with Dr. 
Codman in the troubles of that time ; 
which laid the foundation of a friend- 
ship with him and his wife that lasted 
through their lives, and descended to 
their children. 

She was an only daughter. The late 
Rev. Leonard Withington, D.D., for 
many years pastor of the First Church 
in Newbury, Mass., was her oldest 
brother ; and the late Mr. Abijah W. 
Withington, of Dorchester, her young- 
est. Two other brothers died in early 
manhood, Jos°ph and Ebenezer. 
Joseph was a skilful engraver. He 
and Leonard were in the employ of 
the late Joseph T. Buckingham of 
the Boston Courier. At that early 
date the brothers conceived the idea 
of an illustrated magazine, and planned 
its publication. Leonard was to have 
charge of the literary pari and Joseph 
of the artistic. This enterprise was 
frustrated by the death of Joseph. 
Ebenezer was twin to Abijah. He was 
a lawyer in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. 
Only one brother survives, at the age of 
ninety -three, Rev. William Withington 
of Washington, D. C. He entered the 
Episcopal Church many years ago, 
and has continued in the ministry ever 
since. 

Miss Withington's life was spent in 
Dorchester, with the exception of 
several years with her brother in New- 
bury. The Second Church held a large 
place in her affections always, and in 
her labors during the active period of 
her life. Her funeral was from its 
chapel, Saturday, Dec. 19th, Rev. Dr. 
Arthur Little officiating. e. r. >\ 



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X 



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NEW-ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AKD GENEALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



APRIL, 1892. 



GEN. HENRY JACKSON. 

By the Editor of the Register. 

Henry Jackson, a distinguished officer in the Revolutionary 
war, was born in Boston, in 1747, where he was baptized on the 
25th of October in that year. His father was Col. Joseph Jack- 
son, a distiller, and his mother was Susannah Gray. They were 
married May 1, 1732, and lived happily together nearly sixty 
years. Mrs. Jackson survived her husband and died Dec. 4, 1792, 
aged 84. Their gravestones are in King's Chapel Burial Ground. 
Col. Joseph Jackson held many military offices. He was major of 
the Boston Regiment in 1758, and colonel from 1761 to 1763. He 
was admitted a member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
Company in 1738, was chosen ensign in 1746, lieutenant in 1749. 
and captain in 1752. In 1763, on the death of the treasurer, Col. 
John Phillips, Col. Jackson succeeded him as treasurer of the Artil- 
lery Company, and held the office till the Revolution. He died 
April 10, 1790, aged 84, and was buried under arms by the 
Artillery Company, though he was not then in commission. A 
band of music was on this occasion first used, though it was paid 
for by the family of the deceased. 

Henry Jackson inherited the military tastes of his father. After 
the evacuation of Boston by the British, in 1776, he raised a mili- 
tary company in that town and was chosen its captain. When the 
Declaration of Independence was read from the balcony of the State 
House, which was on the 18th of July, 1776, he was waited on by 
the High Sheriff with a request from the Hon. James Bowdoin, 
president of the Council, that his company might be under arms at 
the time the Declaration was read. Capt. Jackson accordingly 
waited on his honor, and to his great mortification he was obliged 
to tell him that the company was not fit to turn out, and besides 
they had not then received their uniforms. He begged to be ex- 
cused, which request was granted. In the letter to his friend, Col. 
VOL. XL vi. 10 





















• 



. 



























112 Gen. Henry Jackson. [April, 

Henry Knox, then in New York, written the day of the occurrence, 
in which he narrates this incident, Capt. Jackson says : " I think 
it would have been a fine opportunity for our appearance if our 
company could have turned out at the Declaration of Independence. 
You know," he continues, "that the first impression is the most 
lasting. Although we did not form our company for Parade, yet 
Parade is pleasing." The whole company was however invited to 
attend in the council chamber on the occasion, and drink to " The 
States of America."* 

In April, 1777, Capt. Jackson was ordered with his company to 
Rhode Island, and was on duty there some weeks. He had been 
commissioned by Congress on the twelfth of January, 1777, colonel 
of an additional continental battalion, and on his return from Rhode 
Island he recruited, in Boston and vicinity, the sixteenth Massa- 
chusetts Regiment, called the Boston Regiment, which at once took 
a high rank for its soldierly appearance and excellent discipline, 
demonstrating its valor on several hard-fought battle fields. This 
regiment, on the 1st of January, 1781, was consolidated with the 
ninth, and on the further reduction of the army on the 30th of 
October, 1782, was numbered the fourth. 

The Boston Regiment left Boston on the 7th of October, 1777, to 
join the main army near Philadelphia, and took part in the battles 
of Monmouth, June 28, 1778, Quaker Hill, R. I., August 29, 
1778, and Springfield, N. J., June 23, 1780. 

Col. Jackson is said to have commanded the last body of conti- 
nental troops in service at the close of the war, being in service till 
July, 1784. He was among those who were, by Act of Congress, 
made brigadier generals at the end of the war. Returning to Boston, 
he engaged in mercantile pursuits. He was major general of the 
first division of the Massachusetts militia from 1792 to 1796, and 
was the agent of the United States in superintending the building of 
the frigate Constitution at Boston in 1797. 

He was the life-long friend and correspondent of Gen. Henry 
Knox, and while Knox was United States Secretary of War he acted 
for him as agent in his business affairs, particularly those concerning 
his eastern lands. 

Gen. Jackson was the first treasurer of the Massachusetts Society 
of the Cincinnati, and held the office from its formation in 1783 
till his death. The importance of his services to the society in 
building up and husbanding its funds was recognized by its vote 
October 23, 1806, authorizing the presentation to him of a silver 
cup. This testimonial, however, never reached him, as it did not 
arrive from England, where it was made, until after his decease. 
In 1813, Dr. Stephen Thayer presented to this Society a portrait of 
the general, which now hangs on the walls of the New-England 
Historic Genealogical Society. This portrait has been engraved for 

* Knox MSS. vol. 2, folio 163. 



1892.] Gen. Henry Jackson. 113 

the Society of the Cincinnati, and it is to their courtesy that we are 
indebted for the use of the plate for this article. 

Dr. James Thacher, author of " A Military Journal during the 
American Revolutionary War," was the surgeon of Jackson's regi- 
ment. Under August, 1779, he thus refers, in that journal, to the 
commanding officer and the regiment : 

Colonel Henry Jackson, who commands our regiment is a native of 
Boston; he is very respectable as a commander, is gentlemanly in his 
manners, strongly attached to military affairs, and takes a peculiar pride 
in the discipline and martial appearance of his regiment. Many of his 
officers are from Boston and its vicinity, they appear in handsome style, 
and are ambitious to display their taste for military life, and their zeal 
to contend with the enemies of their country. Colonel Jackson, with his 
regiment, acquired reputation by their gallantry in the battle on Rhode 
Island, under General Sullivan. 

Our regiment consists of about four hundred men, in complete uniform, 
well disciplined, and not inferior to any in the continental army. We 
commenced a forced march from Providence on the 10th, and complete-d 
the forty miles in twenty-four hours. A severe rain all night did not much 
impede our march, but the troops were broken down with fatigue. We 
reached Boston at sun rising and near the entrance of the Neck is a tavern, 
having for its sign a representation of a globe with a man in the act of 
struggling to get through it; his head and shoulders were out, his arms 
extended, and the rest of his body enclosed in the globe. On a label from 
his mouth was written, " Oh, how shall I get through this world ? " This 
was read by the. soldiers, and one of them exclaimed, " List, d — n you. and 
you'll soon gee through this world; our regiment will be through in an hour 
or two if we don't halt by the way." 

We are treated by the gentlemen of this town with great attention and 
respect. They have generously presented to Col. Jackson and the officers 
of his regiment a hogshead of Jamaica snir.ts and a cask of wine. For 
the soldiers, they have collected a liberal sum of money, which is distributed 
among them. A public dinner is to be provided at the Bunch of Grapes 
tavern for the officers, before our departure. The transports are in prepa- 
ration to receive our troops on board.* 

Gen. Jackson died at Boston, Wednesday, Jan. 4, 1809, at about 
ten o'clock, in the sixty-second year of his age. The standing 
committee of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati issued the 
following notice to the members of the society : 

Boston, January 5, 1809. 

The standing committee of the Cincinnati have the painful task of 
announcing to the society the death of their old friend and companion, 
General Henry Jackson. His services and his usefulness as a member of 
the Institution from its earliest establishment, as an active member of the 
committee, as the Treasurer who has preserved and managed the funds for 
nearly twenty-3ix years, are recorded in the prosperity of the society and in 
the grateful hearts of his brother officers. 

Sensible of his worth and afflicted by his death, the Committee recom- 
mend an observance of the following Votes as the last token of respect from 
his surviving brethren. 

* Thacher's Military Journal, Boston, 1823, pp. 204-5. 



. 
























114 Cotton Mather and the lloyal Society. [April, 

Voted, That the Society walk in Procession at the Funeral of their late 
Treasurer, General Henry Jackson, on Saturday next; that the usual 
emblem of mourning be attached to the badge of the Society, and that black 
crape be worn on the left arm. 

Adams Bailey, Recording Secretary* 

His funeral took place from his lodging-house in Common Street, 
at the head of the Mall, on Saturday, the 7th, at three o'clock in 
the afternoon. He was buried at Dorchester "in a tomb near the 
house of Madam Swan, removed when Woodward Park was laid 
out through the place. An inscription upon it, stating that it was 
erected by the hand of friendship, closed with some eulogistic verses 
to the memory of the 

' Christian, Soldier, Patriot and Friend.' "f 

He was of large and full habit, being nearly as corpulent n3 his 
bosom friend Gen. Knox. In 1783, while at West Point, he 
weighed two hundred and thirty-eight pounds. Gen. Nathaniel 
Greene, in a familiar letter to Gen. Knox, made thi3 significant 
inquiry relative to him : " Can he still eat down a plate of fish he 
can't see over, God bless his fat soul ? " J 

He was a bachelor, a man of wit, gallantry and conviviality. 
He was generous and hospitable in his temper, gentlemanly in 
manner, and eminently social in his disposition. § 



WAS COTTON MATHER A FELLOW OF THE ROYAL 

SOCIETY? 

Communicated to The Nation, New York, Feb. 18, 1892, by N. Darnell Davis, Esq., of 

Georgetown, Demerara. 

In most biographical notices of Cotton Mather, that eminent man 
is said to have been a Fellow of the Royal Society. In some of 
such notices, the statement is emphasized by describing him as the 
first native-born American who attained to that honor. According 
to his son, there were many in New England who were '* so foolish 
as to doubt, nay, to deny, his right to that title.'' Cotton Mather's 
name did not and does not appear in any list of the Fellows of the 
Society. Becoming himself uneasy upon the point, he inquired of 
the Secretary to the Royal Society whether he really was a Fellow. 
In reply, he was informed that he had been elected a Fellow both 
by the Council and by the general body of Fellows. That his name 
did not appear in the published list was due, he was told, to the fact 
that, being in America, he was unable to subscribe personally to the 

* Columbian Centinel, Jan. 7. 1809. 

f Drake's " The Town of Poxhury," Boston, 1878, p. 138. J Ibid. 

§ A. sketch of his life, by the late Mr. Francis S. Druke, appeared in his " Memorials of 
the Society of the Cincinnati of Massachusetts," Boston, 1873, pp. 360-1, of which use has 
been made in preparing this article. 



1892.] Cotton Mather and the Royal Society. 115 

orders of the Society, from which foreigners were dispensed, but not 
British subjects. Years went by, and still Cotton Mather felt un- 
certain of his position. On May 21, 1723, he wrote the subjoined 
letter to Dr. Jurin, then Secretary of the Royal Society : 

"Syr : You are better known to me than I am to you; and I congratu- 
late unto myself, as well as unto the world, the felicity of your succession 
in the office of Secretary to the Royal Society. But in order to a mutual 
better knowledge, I owe you, & must now give you, some very short 
account of myself ; more particularly, with relation to that Illustrious Body, 
whereof I hoped, I had the Honour of being esteemed a Member. Having 
the pleasure of some correspondence with your excellent predecessor Mr. 
Waller. I did communicate unto him (and unto my valuable Dr. Wood- 
ward) a great number of American, and philosophical, curiosities ; with an 
intimation of my purpose to continue the communications. Those gentle- 
men put the, as unexpected as undeserved, respect upon me, of proposing 
me for a Member of the Royal Society ; and they both wrote unto me, that 
I was chosen accordingly both by the Council and Body of the Society, on 
the Anniversary Day for such election in the year 1713. — Adding that the 
only Reason of my not having my name in the printed list of the Society, 
was because of my being beyond-Sea and yet a Natural Born Subject, &' 
so not capable of being inserted among the gentlemen of other Nations. 

" Your Secretary also, Dr. Hailey in the philosophical Transactions of 
1714 printed my name, with an F. R. S. annexed unto it. Mr. Petiver did 
the like, in his Naturae Collectanea; and in his letters to me, he had these 
words, ' Your election succeeded without opposition, and you were elected 
after the usual method of Balloting. The reason of your being out of the 
printed list, is your not being personally here, to subscribe to the orders that 
should be tendered you ' ; to which he added congratulations & complements 
not proper to be by my pen transcribed. 

" A Distinguished, & sl diminutive crue of odd people here, when they 
could find no other darts to throw at me, imagined their not finding my 
name on the printed list of the Royal Society, would enable them to detect 
me of an imposture for affixing an F. R. S. unto my name, on some just 
occasions for it. And an infamous fellow, whose name is John Checkley, 
a sorry Tory man (that yet had the impudence to write as a Divine) wrote 
a letter full of scandalous invectives against me, which was publickly read 
in the Royal Society. This wretched man, ambitious to do the part of a 
Divine, printed here some Rapsodies, to prove, that the God whom K. 
William, and the christians of New England have worsJtipped, is the 
D — 1 — . A young and a bright kinsman of mine,* bestowed such casti- 
gations on the Blasphemer that I became thereupon the object of his im- 
placable revenge. But of this matter, I gave Dr. Woodward a more full 
account, a year and a half ago : Which because I know not whether ever he 
received it, I now repeat a little of; Relying to your justice, if any further 
indignity of this Nature should be offered me. But, that I may not lay 
aside any of the meek, patient, humble disposition with which I should. 
address you on this occasion, I shall keep such Terms, as I used unto my 
Doctor when he had what he required of me upon it. 

"I should ne^er have presumed uporj affixing an F. R. S. unto my poor 
unworthy name, had I not thought, that my Honourable masters, would 

* This was Thomas Walter. The two pamphlets contain no specific charges or replies 
worth quoting.— Ed. 

VOL. XLVI. 10* 



116 Cotton Mather and the Royal Society, [April, 

have taxed me as guilty of some ingratitude unto them for their unmerited 
favours, if I had always declined it. 

" The many treatises (many more than three hundred) which Heaven 
has allowed & assisted me to publish (in the midst of many other constant 
& heavy labours) on various arguments, and in various Dead as well as 
Living Languages, added unto some other circumstances needless to be 
mentioned, had procured me from some European Universities, without my 
seeking in the least measure for them, the Testimonies of the highest respect 
that they could, show to the meanest of men, and among the rest a Diploma 
for the Doctorate in Theology. Upon this I was under some temptation 
unto the vanity of Thinking that it was possible the Royal Society, also 
might esteem it no disgrace, to permit my name among their members. 
Especially, when my remittances to their Treasury, might for number 
(however not for value) be sequal to what they might receive of some other 
members whose correspondence they cast a kind Aspect upon. For the 
embellishments wherewith I studied usually (after the manner of the Ger- 
man Ephemerides), to make my dry & dull stories a little more palatable 
to men of erudition, some of your own members, as well as Monsr Tourne- 
fort helped me to some apology. 

''Butifafterall.it be the pleasure of those Honourable persons, who 
compose or govern the Royal Society, that I should lay asside my preten- 
sions to be at all related unto that illustrious Body, upon the least signifi- 
cation of it by your pen, it shall be dutifully complied withal. I will only 
continue to take the leave of still communicating Annually to you (as long 
as I live) what Curiosa Americana I can become the possessor of. For 
(my Jewish Rabbis having taught me, to love the ivork, and have little regard 
unto the Rabbinate) it is not the Title, but the service that is the Heighth, 
& indeed the whole, of my ambition. 

" As a Token of my purposes this way, and as an earnest of a much 
greater variety, which I propose to send you by another hand, about a Fort- 
night hence, I now present you with a tedious account of sentiments & 
occurrents relating to a subject, about which I perceive you are sollicitous to 
have the exactest informations. At this time, I add no more, but with 
hearty prayers, to Heaven, that you may be continued long as a great 
Blessing to the world I subscribe 

" Syr 

" Your most affectionate 
" Friend and Servant 

" Cctton Mather 

" Boston N. En t gla>t> 
"May 21 1723. 

" Dr. Jurin." 

The answer to the above letter should be interesting. There is, 
however, no record of it in the archives of the Royal Society. 
Under the circumstance?, it will be well to inquire how far the pro- 
ceedings of the Society established the fact of Cotton Mather's con- 
nection with it. 

For the election of Fellows, the ordinary procedure observed by 
the Royal Society is this : The "names are first submitted to the 
Council of the Society. After candidates have by the Council been 
chosen for submission at a general meeting of Fellows, their names 



1892. Ancestry of the Hi gginson Family. 117 

are brought before such meeting. Here the election is made, and 
two-thirds of the votes are necessary to secure it. 

In the Journal of the Society there is the following entry, under 
date of July 23, 1715 : 

" A letter drawn up by Mr. Waller for Mr. Cotton Mather at Boston in 
New England was read; giving an account of the receipt of his letter and 
his manuscript, containing his several observations on Natural subjects, with 
an invitation to a future correspondence ; which was ordered to be sent. 

** Mr. Waller proposed the same gentleman as a candidate, according to 
his desire mentioned in his said letter; which was referred to the next 
Council." 

The Minutes of the Council of July 27, 1713, record that "Mr. 
Cotton Mather was proposed, balloted for, and approved to be a 
Member of the Society." A diligent search among the records of 
the Society has, however, failed to find that Cotton Mather's name 
was ever submitted to the general body of Fellows. Would it be 
an undue surmise to suspect that Cotton Mather's mistaken zeal in 
the witchcraft heresy stood in the way of his obtaining a two- thirds 
vote, and that, the Council finding this the case, did not risk a 
rejection ? 

If Cotton Mather may not be reckoned a duly elected Fellow of 
the Royal Society, who then, of Americans born, is to be reckoned 
the earliest Fellow of that distinguished body? On the 11th of 
March, 1714, the Rev. Mr. William Brattle, minister of the Church 
at Cambridge, New England, was elected a Fellow by the general 
body of members. On November the 21st, "Sir Hans Sloane pro- 
posed Mr. Elihu Yale, Executor to Dr. Thomas Paget, as a can- 
didate, which was referred to the next Council." Yale was elected 
on the 30th of November, 1717, and Paul Dudley on the 2d of 
November, 1721. In 'a List of Fellows of the Royal Society, to 
be found among the Rawlinson MSS. in the Bodleian ((7. 437), 
the names of Brattle (1713-14), Yale (1717), and Dudley (1721) 
are given, but not the name of Cotton Mather. 



ENGLISH ANCESTRY OF THE HIGGINSON FAMILY. 

Communicated by Col. Thomas \V. Higoinson*, A.M., of Cambridge, Mass. 

I have lately been informed by the Rev. E. Harlin Bates, Assistant 
Curate of the Claybrooke Parish, Leicester, England, of the recent 
discovery at Stanford Hall in that county of part of the long-missing 
records of Claybrooke parish. This affords for the first time the 
means of determining, with some approach to accuracy, the year of 
the birth of the Rev. Francis Higginson ; a date which rested on 



118 Ancestry of the Higginson Family. [April, 

surmise when my life of him appeared. He was baptized, at any 
rate, on Aug. 6, 1586. The parish books give also a list of his 
brothers and sisters, agreeing substantially with the list preserved in 
family records and given in my memoir aforesaid. The record also 
supplies for the first time the date of burial of Francis Higginson's 
father, the Rev. John Higginson, who was buried, it seems, on Feb. 
19, 1624; this being the year suggested in my memoirs (p. 4) as 
possible or probable. The name so curiously given as Dawritie and 
Duwritie is unquestionably Dorothy. 

Extracts from Church Registers of Parish of Claybrooke, co. Leic, Eng- 
land, now in possession of Lord Braye of Stanford Hall, in the same county. 
All dates New Style. 

Baptisms. 
25 Apr. 1575 John s. of John & Elizabeth Higginson. 
24 Apr. 1576 Duwritie d. " " 

22 Sept. 1578 Presella d. " " 

14 Dec. 1580 John s. " " 
27 Oct. 1585 John s. " " 

6 Aug. 1586 ffrauncis s. " " 

15 May 1589 William s. " " 

18 May 1591 Catren d. " " 

4 Feb. 1593 Martyn & Mare " " 

24 March 1594 Nicholes s. " " 

25 Dec. 1601 George s. " " 

19 Mar. 1608 Nicholes s. 

13 May 1610 Graced. " 

8 Dec. 1611 Elizabeth d. " " 

23 May 1613 Judith d. " " 

27 Nov. 1597 Nicholes s. of Edmond & Presella Higginson. 

Marriages. 

25 Dec. 1598 William Gilbard & Dawritie Higginson. 

5 Jan. 1607 Edwarde Androse & Elyzabeth " 
22 Apr. 1619 Thomas Coleman & Katherine '" 

witness Nathaniell " 

28 Oct. 1629 William Higginson & ftraunces Palmer. 

Burials. 

26 Apr. 1577 Blaunche Higginson. 

18 Sept. 1577 Thomas 
11 Apr. 1581 Nicoles 
26 May 1585 John 

21 Apr. 1603 George 
30 Jan. 1612 Elizabeth 
13 July 1613 Elizabeth 
17 Oct. 1613 Judith 

19 Feb. 1624 John Higginson, Vicar of Claybrooke. 

N. B. In this book the following years (beginning 29 Sept.) 
are missing: 1567-8, '68-9, 70-1, '73-4, 78-9, '81-2, '83-4, 
'94-7. 



1892.] 



List of early Maine Settlers. 



119 



A LIST OF THE SETTLERS IN ST. GEORGE'S RIVER, 
MEDUMCOOK AND BROADBAY. 

From the Knox Manuscripts in the possession of the New-England Historic Genealogical 
Society, vol. 50, folio 166. 

St. Georges upper Town.* 



Samuel Boages 


Archibald Gambell 


James Howard 


Daniel Farrel 


Samuel Howard 


Abraham All 


Andrew Killpatrick 


Thomas Killpatrick 


William Mclutire 


John Killpatrick 


Robert Spear 


Henry Alexander 


Moses Robinson 


John Alexander 


Finly Kelagh 


John North 


William Allen {Deceased) 


Abraham Creighton 


Thomas Greg 


William Walker 


Andrew Mountford 


William James 


Charles Peoples Deceased 


Alexander Lermond 


Robert McCrea do 


William Lermond 


Barnet do 


Hugh Scott 


Ministerial Lott 


John McCrachen 


School masters d° 


Christopher Hindbury 


Meeting house d° 


Boice Cooper 


David Patterson 


Deacon Young 


John MeCurdie 


John McLean 


Thomas MeCurdie 


Allexander McLean 


John Mecom 


Hugh McLean 


David Creighton 


Alexander Cambell 


William Starret 


John Griffin (Deceased) 




Lower Towr. 



Cap* Gil more 
Thomas Palmer 
William Falley 
Henry Handly 
Robert Young 
John McCarter 
John Peirson 
Josiah Quinsy 
William Smith 
William Ploward 
Thomas Howard 
Thomas Procter 
William Lamb 
Ministerial Lott 
Richard Lamb 
Cap 1 Thomas Saunders 
Edward Lamb Sen r 
William Lamb 
Edward Lamb Jun r 
Benjamin Burton 



Charles Proctor 
John Palmer 
Yardley Lewis 
Daniel Lewis 
Charles Lewis (Deceased) 
Hugh Carr 
John Annis 
John Brown 
Walter Meloney 
Michal Rawley 
Thomas Carney 
Owen Madden 
Vacant Lott 
Archibald Fullerton 
John Brown 
2 Vacant Lotts 
Joseph Rivers 
Moses Robinson Jun r 
Benjamin Pumery 
Dennis Fogarty 
* Now "Warren, Maine. — Ed. 



120 



List of early Maine Settlers. 



[April, 



William Henderson 
Vacant Lott 
Richard Forms 
Reverend Rob' Rutherford 
Samuel Hathorn 
Richard Rutherford 
Robert Rutherford Jun r 
William Hathorn 
Alexander Hathorn 
Jabez Hatch 



William Davis Sen r 
Zacheriah Davis 
William Davi3 Jun r 
John Davis 

Andreas 
George Bigmore 
William King 
John Bigmore 
Samuel Jamison 
Abiah Wadsworth 
Ezekial Bradford 
Sedate Wadsworth 
Joshua Cushing Jun r 
Noah Hill 



Paul Jamison 
George Young 
William Young 
Alexander Fosset 
Thomas Felix 
Dunbar Henderson 
Saunder Jamison 
Thomas Henderson 
Thomas Obins 



At Medomcook.* 



Joshua Cushing Sen 1 
Josiah Aldrige 
Baker Hutchins 
James Cook 
Joshua Bradford 
Edward Thomas 
Esau Thomas 
Alexander Jamison 
Jason Wight 

Wight Sen r 

Wight 
Elisha Crasman 
Esau Thomas 



There are ten Vacant Lotts Laid out by the Surveyor in Medomcook. 



Broadbay.^ 



Robert M c Clerge 
John Demote 
John George Smith 
Patrick Kenna 
Henry Getsinger 
Jacob Wallis 
John Refuse 
John Leah 
John Lowrey 
Capt John Ulmer 
Paul Docterman 
Louran Sides 
Philip Fogilar 






Martin Smith 
Michal Walse 
Mulican Snyder 
David Rominger 
Philip Rominger 
Jacob Ulmer 
Matthias Remilee 
Cap 1 Thomas Perkins 
Capt John Fairfield 
Morris Achorn 
William Hilton Sen r 
William Hilton Jun r 
Jacob Achorn 



Suppos this List was made previously to the Year 1760. 
Supposed to have been written by Cap t John North, who died in the 
Year 1763. 

[IZndorsed] 
List of the Settlers at St Gorges, Medomcook and Broadby. Supposed 
to have been written by Cap* John North, who died in the Year 1763. 
Copy from the Original In the possession of Mr Sam 1 Winslow. 

• Now Friendship, Maine.— Ep. 
t Now Waldoborough, Me.— Ed. 



1892.] 



Original Boston Documents. 



121 



ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS RELATING TO BOSTON, MASS. 

[Communicated by John S. H. Fogg, M.D., of South Boston, Mass.] 

This may certify that Samuel Kenne Trunk maker is assessed Tuenty 
four Pounds pr. -An for the wharfe he Rents of the Town. Which for 
Province and Town this Last year 1713. am to Three Pounds twelve 
Shillings. 

Given under our hands March ult° A 1714 
To Joseph Prout Gent : Dan 1 Powning 1 Assessors for y e 



Treasurer *br the 
Town of Boston. 



Edu d : Martyn r Town of Boston 
Jonas Clarke ) A 1713 



The Town of Boston Dr. for the Service of the Assessors in making the 
Rates A . 1713. 

To Tim . Thornton 51 days .... 



£-5 



To Dan 11 Powning 94 days and the Clark ) 
3 / . assisting in taking List of 2 Comp\ ) 

To Edw d . Martyn 92 days and p d y e Clark for 
assisting in taking List of 2 Comp a . 6 / . 

To Jonas Clark, 97 days & y e Clark 12 / . 

To capt Elisha Bennett 32 days 

To Ant . Stoddard 87 days y e Clark 3 / . 

To Henry Bridgham 77 days y e Clark 6 /. 



Boston Aprill. 14. 1714 
Erro" 



Excepted. 

Tim° Thornton 
Dan 1 Powning 
Edward Martyn 
Jonas Clark 
Anthony Stoddard 
Henry Bridgham 



11 



9 


u 


10 


10 


a 


6 


3 


« 


4 


8 


u 


17 


8 


u 


— 



£ 54. 10 



Assessors for 

the Town of 

Boston 

A°. 1713. 



Boston Aprill 21 st 1714. 

Mark Day Desires to open y e Highway in Back Street for the Laying of 
a Dreane for the benefit of his cellar (for the Doeing of which) if he takes 
the Steps the Law Dericts he has the approbation and Consent of us 

Joseph Wadsworth 
John Ruck 
W m . Welsteed 
Grove Hirst 



Selectmen. 



May the 8 th 1714 
Wee the Subscribers Selectmen of Boston, do hereby Signifie our con- 
sent That m r Joseph Hillier have liberty of digging open the H'way in 



122 



Original Boston Documents. 



[April, 



Cornhil for the Laying his Cellar drane into the Counon Shore there 
atending y e Directions in y e Law & Covring it with speed. 

Jn°. Marion 
To the Town Clerk Edward Winslow 

of Boston. W m Welsteed 

Grove Hirst 



he 



- Selectmen. 



Boston Aug 1 : 6 : 1714. 
Voted by the 4ssessors that the Town Clerk be directed to post up 
Notifications in the Town that the Inhabitants of S d . Town bring in a List 
of their polls & Estates on the Sixteenth day of August next & the 
Inhabitants of Runneymarsh on the Eighteenth Day of said Month & the 
Assessors will atteud at the Town house at three of the Clock in the 
Afternoon on S d . day to receive the same. 

Elisha Bennett 
Sam 11 Greenwood 
Giles ffifield 
Nath 1 Green 
David Farnum 
Jonathan Loring 
Will: Antram. 



The Town of Boston D r . for the Service of th 


3 Ass 


essors for the year 


nno. 1713. 




Timothy Thornton 7 days 


« " 14 « 


Dan 1 Powning 20 days 


a 2 " u 


Edw d Martyn 13 days 


a in e a 


Jonas Clark 20 days 


a 9 " '< 


Elisha Bennett 8 days 


« — « 16 " 


Ant Stoddard 19 days ■ 


" 1 " 18 " 


Henry Bridgham 16 days 


» l « 12 " 




£ 10 " 6 «« 


Given under our hand the . 8 . Septe r . 1714. 




Tim Thornton 






Dan 11 . Powning 






Edw d Martyn 


Assessors for the Town 


Jonas Clark 


ir 




Elisha Bennett 




of Boston. 


Anthony Stoddard 






Henry Bridgham 







Wee the Subscribers Select men for the Town of Boston do hereby sig- 
nify our free consent that m r Benj n . Gallop have Liberty granted him to 
digg open y e Highway a cross Fish street for y e new Laying his Cellar 
drain there, provided that he do y e Same in parts so as to leave a sufficient 
passage, and that he Lay the Same with Brick or Stone as the Law directs, 
and also that he forth with repair and make good that part of y e S d way 
when he shall so digg. 



Boston Apr 11 . 30 th . 1719. 



Jn 6 . M?rion 
Elisha Cooke 
Tho 8 . Gushing. 
Ebenezer Clough 



[To be continued.! 















' 





















1892.] 



Connecticut Election Sermons. 



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VOL. XLVI. 11 



124 Connectidut Election Sermons. [April, 



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1892.] Major-General Daniel Denison. 127 



AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF MAJOR-GENERAL DANIEL DENISON. 

Communicated by Daniel Denison Slade, M.D., of Chestnut Hill, Mass. 

The following document, written by Major-General Daniel Deni- 
son to his grandchildren, and lately found among the effects of the 
Rev. Daniel Itogers of Exeter, is of historical importance, inasmuch as 
it substantiates facts heretofore problematical, while it supplies know- 
ledge upon points which were very uncertain or entirely wanting. 

Heretofore we have been unable to state from what portion of 
England the family came, nor were we sure of the exact date of 
emigration. Denison states that his brother John and himself were 
bred scholars at Cambridge and that his father suddenly " unsettled " 
himself, recalled them from Cambridge and removed to New England ; 
that his father brought with him a very good estate, settling him- 
self at Roxbury. The General gives us the date of his marriage to 
Patience Dudley — of which no previous record has been known to 
be in existence ; and furnishes us many particulars in regard to kith 
and kin. There can be no doubt of the authenticity of the document, 
and its discovery is a happy circumstance. 

To my Dear Grandchildren 

John, Daniel, and Martha Denison 

That you being left fatherless Children might not be altogether ignorant 
of your ancestors, nor strangers to your near relations, I thought meet to 
acquaint you with your predecessors, and your decent from them. 

Your Great Grandfather Denison was born in England at Bishops Strat- 
ford in Hertford shier, in which Town he Married and lived till the Year of 
our Lord 1631, with two brothers Edward and George, who all of them 
had Children. George the youngest Brother had a son named also George, 
my cousen German, who was living in Stratford in the year 1672 as your 
uncle Harlackenden Symonds toid me., who was that year in England, and 
spoke with him, My uncle Edward had also Children and in the year 1631, 
removed himself and family into Ireland, where he died and left a son 
called John Denison who was a souldier and a Major of a Regiment in the 
time of the Wars, and Deputy Governor of Corke, where Mr. Wamwright 
saw him.* I have received divers Letters from him, he was living in Dublin© 
in the year 1670, your great Grandfather my Dear father whose name was 
William, had by my dear Mother whose uame was Chandler six sons, and 
one Daughter, two of which (viz) one son and the Daughter died in their 
Childhood, one son who was the second named William about 18 years of 
age would needs goe a Souldier into Holland, in the year 1624 at the 
famous Seige of Breda when it was taken by Spinola and Count Mansfield 
had an army out of England* to have raised the seige, but the army mis- 
carryed and my Brother William was never heard of since. 

* Possibly George Denison, who settled at Annisquam (Gloucester), Essex County, Mass. 
in 1725 and is said to have corae from Dublin, Ireland, may have been a descendant. (See 
Baldwin and Cliffs Deniaon Record, page 34o).— Editor. 
VOL. XLVI. *11 



128 Major- General Daniel Denison. [April, 

We were now but four Brothers left (viz.) John, Daniel, Edward and 
George. John and myself were bred schoilars at Cambridge, where f con- 
tinued till after I hud taken my first Degree,* your Grandfather my father 
though very well seated in Stratford, hearing of the then famous transplan- 
tation to New England, unsetled himself and recalling me from Cambridge 
removed himself and family in the year 1631 to New England, and brought 
over with him myself being about 19 years of age, and my two younger 
Brothers. Edward, and George, leaving my eldest brother John behind 
him in England, Marryed with a good portion, who was a minister, and 
lived about Pelham or in Hartford shier, not far from Stratford where we 
were born. 

My father brought with him into New England a very good Estate and 
settled himself at Roksbury. and there Lived (though somewhat weakuing 
his Estate) till the year 1053 in January when he died, having buried my 
Mother about Eight years before. 

My two brothers Edward and George (who were your great uncles) had 
all the Estate my father left between them, being both marryed long before 
my father's death; my Brother George buried his first Wife in the year 
16-13. went into England was a Souldier ther above a year, was at the 
Battle of York or Marston Moor, where he did good service, was afterward 
taken Prisoner, but got free and having Married a second Wife he returned 
to New England, the year before our Mother died, and not long after re- 
moved himself to New London near whereunto (viz) at Stoning ton he now 
liveth, having 3 sons John, William, and George, 4 or 5 Daughters his 
eldest son John is married, and hath Children which are your Cousens. and 
3 of his Daughters are Marryed to Stanton, Palmer, and Cheesebrook, all 
living at present in the same Town. 

My brother Edward (your great uncle) also was Married about the same 
time with your uncle George about the beginning of the year 1011 and 
lived the rest of his Days at Rocksbury in the same House my father built 
lived and died in, he to my great grief and loss departed this life in April 
in the year 1669, and left behind him but one son William of about 5 
years old having buried four sons in their infancy, he left also five Daughters 
of which one was married in his lifetime to Jachin Reiner who liveth at 
Rowley. 

I was the eldest of the 3 Brothers that were brought to New England, 
and the next year after our arival (viz.) in the year 1632, on the 18 th day 
of October on which day twenty years before I was Baptized at Stratford, 
and 7 years before I was admitted into the university of Cambridge, I 
Married your Grandmother, who was the second daughter of M n Tho" 
Dudley, who was a principal undertaker of this Plantation of the Massa- 
chusets and one of those first commers in the year 1630 that brought over 
the Patent, and setled the Government here he came over Deputy Gover- 
nor, and was afterwards diverse times Governour, he then lived at Cam- 
bridge, removed to Ipswich, where he stayed but one year, being recaled 
again to live in the Bay, which then could not but want his help, he setled 
himse'f at Rocksbury, where he lived until he departed this life about the 
30 th Day of July, in the year 1653 having buried your great Grandmother 
about 10 years before, about the latter end of December 1643. She was a 

* This is the first intimation I hare found that M'aj. Gen. Denison was a graduate of 
Cambridge University. Can any of our readers give further information of his elder 
brother, Rev. John Denison, who is here stated to" have been also educated at Cambridge, 
and to have been a clergyman near Bishop's S tort ford in Hertfordshire ?— Editor. 



1892.] Major- General Daniel Denison. 129 

fine vertuous woman who loved your father in his childhood, and was horn 
in her house, she had by her Husband one son — your great uncle Sam 11 Dud- 
ley* who liveth at Exeter, and by o wives hath had many Children Cousen 
germans to your father, And beside your Grandmother Denison she had 
three Daughters (viz.) your Aunt Bradstreett who died in September 1672 
who left 4 sons and 3 Daughters liv.eing, beside her daughter Cotton who 
died before her, and left many children then your Aunt VVoodbrjdgf now 
living at Newberry who hath five sons and rive daughters living your 
fathers Cousen Germans as also were your aunt Bradstreets Children, the 
last was your aunt Sarah marryed to m r Keane§ both dead long since, and 
left one only daughter Hannah, Married to M r Paige, and is now living at 
Boston your great Grandmother being dead your sweet Grandfather Dudley 
married a second Wife.|| and by her had a daughter marryed to M r Jonathan 
Wade, who liveth at Mistick, and two sons Joseph Dudley who now liveth 
at Rocksbury, in his fathers House, and Paul Dudley a Merchant who is 
upon a voyage to Ireland, these were your fathers uncles by their fathers 
side. 

For myself after I was married to your Grandmother I lived about two 
years at Cambridge, and in the year 1 635 I removed to Ipswich, where I 
have lived ever since with your Grandmother, we lived together without 
Children above 7 years till the sixteenth of January being Thirsday your 
dear father was born at Rocksbury, whether your Grandmother went to 
lye in at her mothers, and two years and a quarter after your aunt Rogers 
was born at Ipswich, on the 10 ta day of April 1612 about nine years after 
your Grandmother had another Daughter named Mary, who died about a 
quarter old, and three years after we had another our last named Deborah 
who died within a fortnight. 

In the year 1645 I was made Major of the Regiment of Essex, and in 
the year 1653 was Chosen an Assistant or Magistrate and about a year 
after was made Major General and continued so for about 7 or eight years 
after. 

In the year 1660 my onely Daughter and your Aunt Elizabeth was Mar- 

* The Hon. James Savage, in 1843 (see Collections of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, vol. 28, page 248), conjectured that Thomas Dudley, a graduate of Cambridge 
(A. B. 1626, A.M. 1630), might have been a 'on of Gov. Thomas Dudley. It would seem 
from Gen. Denison's statements that Gov. Dudley had no wife beforeDorothy, and that 
she had only one son, Samuel. If this he so, Thomas, the graduate, could not have been 
a son of Gov. Dudley. More than thirty years ago, Mr. Dean Dudley and myself had 
arrived at the opinion that Thomas was probably not the Governor's son. Our reasons 
were, that neither a :?on Thomas nor children of Thomas are mentioned in Gov. Dudley's 
will, and that Mrs. Bradstreet says, in her epitaph on her mother, that she "Of all her 
children, children lived to see."— (See Works of Mrs. Anne Bradstreet, Ellis's edition, 
page liii.) 

For accounts of Gov. Thomas Dudley and his descendants, see Register, vol. 10, pp 
130-42; 337-44.— Editor. 

f For accounts of Gov. Simon and Mrs. Anne (Dudley) Bradstreet and their descen- 
dants, see Register, vol. 8, pp. 312-2-5; vol. 9, pp. 113-21. For a biographical sketch of 
Gov. Bradstreet, see vol. I, pp. 75-7. — Editor. 

X For accounts of Rev. John and Mrs. Mercy (Dudley) Woodbridtre and their descen- 
dants, see Rkgister, vol. 32, pp. 2u2-o ; also the " WoodOridge Record," compiled from 
the papers left bv the late L"uis Mitchell, Esq., by his brother Donald G. Mitchell, L.L.D., 
New Haven, 1883, 4to, pp. 272.— Editor. 

§ Sarah Dudley married Major Benjamin Keayne, son of Capt. Robert Keayne and 
nephew of the Rev. John Wilson of. Boston. An abstract of the will of Robert" Keayne 
is printed in the Register, vol. 37, pa_ r e 234. Fjr notices of the Keayne family, see 
Register, vol. 6, pp. 89-92; 152-8; vol. 35, pp. 277; vol. 37, pp. 234—5. — Editor. 

Ii The maiden name of the secor.d wife of Gov. Thomas Dudley was Katherine Dighton. 
For an account of her ancestry and relatives, see Register, voi. 45, pp. 302-4.— Editor. 



130 Major-General Daniel Denison. [April, 

ryed to M r John Rogers* who hath ever since lived at Ipswich, and hath 
now living five children, your Cousen Germans (viz.): Elizabeth, Margret, 
John, Daniel and Nathaniel, She had another Daughter named also Elisa- 
beth that died ahout a year and quarter old. 

Your Dear father my Dear and only son was Married to your Mother 
who was named M" Martha Simouds on the 2 d or 3 d of february 1603. and 
lived at the farm at Ipswich the remainder of his days, being above four 
and twenty years of age when he Marryed. and living sweetly and comfort- 
ably with your Mother near seven years, by whom he had 3 Children John 
the eldest, born the 22 d of September 1665, Martha born the first of March 
1668, and Daniel born the 14 th day of April 1671. But about 3 Months 
before poor Daniel was born (viz) on the ninth of January 1670 it pleased 
the alwise God to take your dear father my dear and loving son to himself, 
thereby bereaving you and me of our greatest comfort and support he was 
taken witli a most violent flux the first of January which held him nine 
days, with grievous torment, which he endured with admirable patience, 
committing himself to God, v. Lth assured confidence and took his last leave 
of me who was with him all the time of his sickness and of his loving Wife, 
and of his 2 Children John, and Martha, without any Preturbation, Bless- 
ing his Children and commending them to God the father Son and Holy 
Ghost, and Committing that which was unborn to my care, at his death he 
was not one and thirty, but wanted six days and about 15 hours, so early 
had he finished his Course and done his work, and if his work had then to 
have been done (as he then said) he had been Miserable but he had lived 
a Godly and examplary life, being a constant seeker of God. I have heard 
your Mother since say he used to pray five times a Day, a Dutiful Child a 
loving husband and father, a loving friend a good man in all his ways, and 
he departed most Christian like, and comfortably to the unspeakabie grief 
and loss of me and all his friends, about 3 months after his death was Daniel 
born at the farm whose name his father ordered before his death, desiring 
his wife if she were delivered of a son it might be called Daniel, and if a 
daughter it should be called Patience, after the name of your Grandmother, 
more of your fathers sickness and gracious speeches I committed to Writ- 
ing and left them with your Grandmother. 

And now dear Children though God hath taken away your dear and 
loving father, yet he hath not left you fatherless, but according to your dear 
fathers desire and Blessing Commending you to God whom in his sickness 
he often called his Covenant God, Who is also your Covenant God and 
hath covenanted with every one of you in your Baptism, he hath been a 
father to you and mercifully provided for you and cared for you, when you 
could not care for not help your selves, as I shall acquaint you, And there- 
fore dear children Let your chief care be as you grow to understanding to 
know the God of your fathers, and to serve him with a perfect heart and 
the Blessing of God will be with you both in life and Death, according to 
the blessing and Prayers of your dear father and Godly Ancestors. 

Your father had not a present Estate Setled on him, but upon his Mar- 
riage with your Mother, I ingaged to provide for him, and after mine and 
your Grandmothers decease to give him my Farm at CheTbacco] where you 
were all born and also a ffarin 600 acres at Merrimack River, and accord- 
ingly during his life he partaked of all that I had and we lived with great 

* For genealogies of the Rogers familv, see Register, vol. 4, p. 179; vol. 5, pp. 10^>—52> 
824,311-30; vol. 12, pp. 337-42; vol. 13, pp. 61-9; vol. 39, pp. 22-5-30: vol. 41, pp. L3b-83. 
— Editok. 



1892.] Major- General Daniel Denison. 131 

content and satisfaction, and what I ingaged to him shall God willing be 
made good to you his Children, after your fathers decease I provided for 
you and your Mother above one year, at the ffarm where you all lived. But 
it Pleased God so to order that we Should be further parted. For the be- 
ginning of April 1G72 your Mother having married with M r Richard Mar- 
tyne, went to live with him at Portsmouth, taking with her two Children, 
Daniel who then sucked and Martha, as I had contracted with them before 
that in Consideration of that Estate which your father left and your Mother 
had and M r Martine with her, which was neere 300£, They should bring 
up two Children and he bound to give 100£ to Martha, when she corns to 
age or if she die before to Daniel and his Heirs, for which I have M r Mar- 
tyu3 Bond, and for some other Legacies in case your Mother dye before 
him. 

For John he was to stay with, me and his Grandmother, as he was to 
have done had his father lived to go to School. Thus you are quartered 
dear Children but yet through Gods goodness you are under there care 
that do tenderly love and will carefully provide for you, for which you will 
have cause to Bless God, That though you are bereaved of a loving father 
yet he hath not left you desolate. 

Having given this account of your descent by the father side, I shall 
acquaint you with some of your relations by your Mothers side, hoping your 
mother who tenderly loves you will as she hath oppertunity instruct you 
not only in that particular but in other things of greater moment and 
advantage. 

Your Mother was the eldest daughter of M r Samuel Symonds, a Magestrate 
yet living in Ipswich, by his second wife who was the Widow of one M r 
Eps, by whom she had your uncle Eps living at Ipswich, who hath many 
Children all your cousens. She had also 2 daughters one Marry ed to M r 
Chute, dead long since, another Marry ed to M r Duncan who lives at 
Glocester, and hath many Children. 

Your Grandfather Symonds had a wife before, by whom he had divers 
Children, some dead and 3 yet living one daughter Marryed to M r Eps 
your uncle by your grandmother as his wife is by your Grandfather, also 2 
Sons Harlackeden now in iMigland, and William that lives at Ipswich. 

Your Grandfather had by your Grandmother one son. your uncle Sam- 
uel, who loved your father and Mother, and dyed before your father at sea 
as he was returning from England, whether he went the year before, he 
was a hopeful young man, he had also 3 daughters your good mother, 
whose name w T as Martha, was the eldest, the 2 d was Marryed to M r Emer- 
son, Minister of Gloucester, where they live and have divers Children your 
Cousen Germans by the Mother side, his 3 d daughter was Priscilla Marryed 
to M r Baker, the same day your mother was Marryed to M r Martyne, they 
live at TopsHeld. 

Your Grandmother Symonds dyed about two years before your Mother 
was Marryed. she had a brother Colonel Read, a great souldier in the Civil 
Wars in England, and Governour of Sterling in Scotland, she had also two 
sisters that lived in New England the eldest was your Aunt Lake, who 
dyed in September last, and left a daughter named Martha, wife of Thomas 
Harris who hath many Children, your cousens, her other Sister was M r9 Win- 
throp the wife of M r John Winthrop Governour of Conecticot, who is newly 
dead, at the writing hereof as the report is, She had two sons John and 
Wayte, and 4 or 5 Daughters one Marryed to M r Neuwman who lived and 
dyed at Wenham in September last, another Marryed at Salem to M r John 



132 Major- General Daniel Denison. [April, 

Corwin all these are your Mothers Cousen Germans, and your Cousens 
and so are their children. * 

I have done as much as I intended by which Dear Children you may 
perceive you need not be ashamed of your progenitors, who have in many 
respects been eminent in' their times, It behoves you that you take care to 
be imetators of their piety and goodness, and that you doe not degenerate 
from those Roots from whence you are sprunge, in so doing the blessing 
and Prayers of your Godly Ancestors will fall upon you, and the God of 
your fathers will be your Covenant God who only is able to bless you here 
and make you happy hereafter, which is and hath been the Continual 
Prayer of all your godly Ancestors and particularly of your tender and 
loving Grandfather who wrote this the 26 th Day of December in the year 
of our Lord 1672, in the sixtieth and one year of hi3 age. 

Daniel Denison. 

[Notes. — The foregoing confirms a guess I made a couple of years ago, that 
the New England family of Denison would be found to have belonged to Bishop's 
Stortford in England. The will of John Gace of Stortford. Herts, tanner 
(Montague 61, P. C. C), proved in 1602, of which I hope to give a larger ab- 
stract one of these days, mentions George, Edward and William Denison. " chil- 
dren of my wife," and Elizabeth Crouch -'a daughter of my wife." I paid a 
flying visit to Stortford. and, with much ado. succeeded in getting a sight of 
the parish registers, from which I took the following extracts : 

The xvij of March, 1582, George Denyson son of John baptized. 

George son of William Denizen baptized 20 October 1610. 

George Denizon son of William and Margaret baptized 10 December 1620. f 

William Denizen and Margaret Monck married 7 November 1603. 

Very likely there were other Denison items there, but these were all that 
caught my eye, in my very hasty inspection at that time. — Henry F. Waters. 

The Records of St. Michael's Parish Church, Bishop's Stortford, edited by 
J. L. Glasscock, Jr., were published in 1882. By this book we find that William 
Dennvson was churchwarden in 1606 (page 113J and George Dennyson in 1632, 
1633, 1635, 1618 and 1619 (page 11.1). 

In the Churchwarden's accounts among the receipts for the year 1582 is 4i of 
John Denyson ix d" (page 61). 

In the Churchwarden's Book, 1612, the name George Dennyson is entered 
several times. Among the collections is found under "Water Lane" -'Geo 
Dennyson iiij d " (page 116). Among the church rents due March 25, 1612, is 
"of Geo. Dennysou's house and yard vj d" ! (page 152). Under lease rents is 
" of Geo. Denyson for the Stalls in the Barly Hill for a yere at o r Lady day 1613 
xj s" (page 155). 

The parish register is not printed in this volume. 

On the 20th of September, 1882, the two hundredth anniversary of the death 
of Maj. Gen. Denison was commemorated at Ipswich, Mass. The proceedings 
on this occasion were printed in a pamphlet of 52 pages, entitled. " The Denison 
Memorial." Of this pamphlet, 25 paqjes are devoted to a carefully prepared and 
very full biographical sketch of Maj. Gen. Denison, by Dr. Slade, now of Chest- 
nut Hill, who contributes the preceding article to the Register. An historical 
sketch of Ipswich by the Rev. Augustine Caldwell is also printed there. 
Another biography by Dr. Slade appeared in the Register, vol. 23, pp. 312-35. 
Gen. Denison's will is printed in the Register, vol. 8, pp. 23-1. To these 
articles the reader is referred for information not found in the autobiography. 

Mrs. Margaret Denison, the mother of Maj. Gen. Denison, died at Roxbury, 

* For accounts of the Svmomls and Reade families, see "Ancestry of Pri>cilla Baker," 
by William S. Appletnn, Cambridge, 1870, sm-. -ito. pp. 143. For the ancestry and connec- 
tions of the Winthrop family, see Register, vol. IS. ppi 182-6 P'or notice of rbe Ep-ps and 
Lake families, see Register, vol. 13. pp. 11-5-6. For pedigree of the Chute family, see 
Register, vol. 13, pp. 123-4.— Editor. 

t There has been a lack of agreement as to the year of Capt. George Denison's birth. 
Some say he was born in 1618, but his srravestone makes him 73 years old at his death, 
October 23, 169 1. (See Baldwin and Clifc's Denison Record, page 6.j— Editor. 






























' 















1892.] Episcopal Records at S tough ton. 133 

Feb. 3, 1645-6. Her son states that her maiden name was Chandler. Mr. "Waters 
finds on the Bishop's Stortford register (see above) the marriage, in 1603, of 
William Deuison to Margaret Monck. This William Denison is probably the 
New England emigrant. The variation in the surname of his wife may be 
accounted for in two ways: Mr. Denison may have been married twice, or 
Margaret Monck may have been a widow in 1603. William Denison, father 
of the general, died at Roxbury, Jan. 25, 1653-4. 

From Mr. Waters's extracts from the register of Bishop's Stortford, it would 
seem that the father of William Denison and grandfather of Daniel was named 
John. His widow seems to have married John Gace. 

"A Record of the Descendants of Capt. George Denison, of Stonington, 
Conn.," a brother of the General, was published at Worcester in 1881, in an 
octavo of 424 pages. — (See Register, vol. 36, p. 101.) The compilers were 
Hon. John Denison Baldwin and Hon. William Clift. — Editor.] 



RECORDS OF THE EPISCOPAL CHURCH AT STOTXGHTON, 

MASS. 

From a manuscript copy in the Archives of the N.-E. Historic Genealogical Society. 
[Continued from page 14.] 

Baptisms. 

July 17, 1796.— Hariot of Paul & Elizabeth Cain. 
Elisha of Elisha and Sarah Crehore. 
and Clarissa of Elisha and Sarah Crehore. 
Aug. 7, 1796. — Jane of John and Fanny Nightingale. 
Oct. 4, 1796. — Hannah of Eleazar and Hannah Crehore. 
Oct. 30, 1796. — Abigail of Henry and Nancy Gay. 
Nov. 20, 1796. — Dorcas of Jeremiah and Nancy Brown. 
Dec. 28, 1798. — Robert Patersen of Robert and Margaret Smith. 
Elizabeth Temple of Samuel and Mary Nickolson. 
Horatio of John and Rebecca Sprague. 
Rebecca " " " " " 

Sarah Chambers of John and Rebecca Spragu6. 
Sept. 16, 1798. — Samuel of John and Nancy Higin. 
Oct. 14, 1798. — Horatio of Abraham aod Hepzibah Bigelow. 
Abraham" " " " " 

Hepzibah" « " " " 

Anna Maria of " " " " 

Martha of Ebenezer and Unice Hall. 
Oct. 21, 1798.— Wm Henry of Thomas and Sarah Chase. 
July 29, 1800. — Hannah Healey of Edward and Ann Weaver, born June 

27, 1800. 
Oct. 5, 1800. — Hannah of Moses and Hannah Kingsbury 

and Calvin " " " " « 

Mar. 15, 1801.— Reuben of Silas and Judah Bacon. 
Colburu " " " " " 

Eliza of Ezekiel and Mary Kingsbury. 
Apr. 26, 1801. — Daniel of Daniel and Charlotte Arnold. 
June 21, 1801. — Moses of Peter and Betsey Shepard Bracket. 
June 28, 1801. — Sally of Noah and Susanna Kingsbury. 
Samuel of " " " " 



134 Episcopal Records at Stougldon. [April, 

Dec. 22, 1801. — Jeremiah Smith Boise of Abel and Anna Alleyne. 
June 28, 1801. — Martha of Noah and Susanna Kingsbury. 

Charlotte of " " " " 

May 30, 1802.— Willard of Jesse and Mehitable Ayres. 

Leonard tk " " " " 

Martha Fisher of Jesse and Mehitable Ayres. 

Susanna of Noah and Susanna Kingsbury. 
Jan. 24, 1802. — Edward Harison Winterten of Jonathan and Mary Ann 

Sprague. 
Feb. 14, 1802. — James Barker of James and Maria Field. 
Sept. 12, 1802.— Grace Sophia of Paul and Elizabeth Cain. 
Sept. 19, 1802. — John Avery of Ralph and Abijah Coffin. 
Feb. 7, 1803.— George John Foster of Abel and Anna Alleyne. 
Mar. 13, 1803.— Jane Little of Win and Jane Montague, born Jan. 3, 1803. 
June 26, 1803. — George Greenwood of George and Mary Gay. 

Amanda of Jonathan and Mary Ann Sprapue. 
Sept. 11, 1803. — Seth Burrell of Peter and Betsey Shepard Bracket. 
Oct. 23, 1803.— Jacob of Jacob and Polly Frost. 
Oct. 30, 1803. — Ebehezer of Henry and Ann Gay. 
Apr. 30, 1804. — Mitzer of Moses and Hannah Kingsbury. 
Mar. 25, 1804. — Wm, Henry of Wm. and Jane Montague. 
Sept. 3, 1804. — Joshua Thomas of Paul and Elizabeth Cain. 
Sept. 16, 1804. — Mary of Noah and Susanna Kingsbury. 
Oct. 28, 1804.— Rhoda of Simon and Rhoda Ferry. 
Nov. 25, 1804. — George Edmund of Thomas and Sarah Chase. 
Nov. 26, 1804.- — Peter of Peter and Betsey Shepard Bracket. 
May 19, 1805. — Mary Ann of Samuel and Mary Richards. 

Henry White of " " " " 

Sarah Elizabeth of " " " " 

Edward Metcalf of " " " " 

John Holbrook of " " " " 

June 2, 1805. — Henry of Michael and Ruth Ware. 
Oct. 20, 1805. — Henry Hall of George and Mary Gay. 
June 19, 1806. — Sarah Ann of Wm and Jane Montague, born May 10, 1806. 

Caroline Mary of Mathew and Ann Harmon. 

Lawrence of Jesse and Hannah Richards. 

Catherine " " " " " 

Hannah " " " " " 

Mary " " " " " 

Sept. 22, 1806.— Mary of Jesse and Mary Ellis. 

Abigail" « " " " 

Lucy " " " 
Aug. — , 1806. — William of Reuben and Susanna Guild. 
May 11, 1807.— Sail v of Abner and Martha Ellis. 

Martha of " 

Rebecca of " " " 

Lydia " " " " " 

Sept. 13, 1807. — Hannah of and Eunice Winthrop. 

Sept. 23, 1807. — Abigail Nancy Gay of Nathan and Abigail Shuttleworth 

Babcock. 
Jan. 20, 1808. — Jesse Wheaton of Jesse and Mary Stowell. 
Aug. 28, 1808. — Anna Ulbaana Benjamina of John Jacob and Mary Ben- 
jamina Woodbridge Gourgas. 



1892.] Episcopal Records at Slovgkton. 135 

June 18, 1809.— Wtu of Hezekiah and Ruth Chadwick. 

Sept. 10, 1800. — George Little of Win and Jane Montague, born July 20, 

1S0~9. 
Sept. 28, 1809. — Abel Lewis John Jacob of John Jacob and Mary Ben- 

jamina Woodbridge Gburgas. 
Mar. 13, IS 10. — John Abijah of Win and Lvdia White (in the town of 

Marshfield). 
Juue 24, 1810. — Nathaniel of Noah and Sukey Kingsbury. 
Dec. 13, 1810.— Wm of Abraham and Rebecca Eustis (born 17 th of Nov- 
ember 1810 at Fort Adams in Newport Harbor and 
baptized at the same place). 
Sept. 10, 1810.— Walter of Waiter and Sally Webb. 
Mary Ann of " " ki " 

Loisa " " " " " 

Jan. 20, 1811. — Rebecca Sprague of John and Sarah Maguire. 
June 7, 1811. — Clarissa Catherine Henrietta of John Jacob and Mary 

Benjamina Woodbridge Gourgas. 
Sept. 8, 1811. — Louisa Elizabeth of James and Elizabeth Noyes, aged 18 

years Feb. 28, 1811. 
Sept. 29, 1811. — Elbridge of John and Hannah Ware (being a married man). 

Ellen Eugenia of John and Betsey Ware. 
Oct. 13, 1811.-— Ruben of Silas and Judah Bacon. 
Leonard of " " " " 

Daniel " " « " " 

Marshall Kingsbury of Sila3 and Judah Bacon. 
Sarah Kingsbury " " " " " 

July 15, 1811. — At MarshfieJd the undersigned baptized James son of 

Luther and Hannah Little. Wm Montague. 

Mar. 8, 1812. — Horatio of Abraham and Rebecca Eustis. (baptized at Fort 

Adams R. I.) Wm Montague. 

April 6, 1812. — Hannah Strong wife of Titus Strong. 

Frauces Elvira of Titus and Hannah Strong. 
Wm Henry « " " " " Wm Montague. 

July 21, 1812. — John Sherley of John' Sherley and Nancy Williams. 

Wm Montague. 
May 15, 1812. — Olivia Price of Wm Price, born at Hopkinton, Nov. 15. 
1789. 
Lncy of Arnold and Sally Morse, born at Hopkinton, Jan. 
7, 1798. Wm Montague. 

Aug. 30, 1812. — John Holley of John and Hariot Peirce, born Mar. 7. 1810. 
Isaac Beat of Wm and Sally Peirce, born April 12. 1800. 
May 19, 1813. — Mary Miles of Ezekiel and Betsey Gardner, South Kings- 
ton. Rhode Island State. 
Aug. 14, 1813. — Wm Frederic of Ithamer and Janette Chase, Cornish, N. 

H. State. 
Oct. 5, 1813.— Harriot of John & Harriot Chase. 

Oct. 19, 1813. — Baptized Wm Bond, and Nancy Bond his wife the parents 
of the five following children who were baptized at tbe 
same time by me. Wm Montague 

viz.: Mary Moulton. 
Janette Ralston. 
Sally Bradford 

George Dunbar, all of the town of Keene in the 
State of New H. 

VOL. XLVI, 12 



136 Letters of Col. Thomas Westb rook and others. [April, 

Oct. 11, 1814. — Edward Wortley of "Win and Jane Montague. 
Apr. 23, 1814. — Henry Bright of Henry Bright and Dorathy Chase. 

Nehemiah rt " '• >' " '• in the 

town of Warner, & State of New Hampshire. 
Sept. 7, 1814. — Allace Jane of Wm and Harriot Dustiu. 
Malinda Grannis " " " " 

Hannah " " '• " 

Robert Barklay of Abner and Deborah Tyler 

all of Charlestown in the State of New Hampshire. 
Jan. 4, 1815. — Deborah of Moses and Hannah Kingsbury. 
Mary Lion of k * " " 
Jonathan " w " " " 

George " " " « " 

May 21, 1815. — Adaline of Silas and Juclah Bacon. 

Joshua Lewis of Moses and Hannah Kingsbury. 
Charles " " " " " 

Wm Montague. 
Jan. 7, 1817. — Caroline Woodbridge of John Jacob and Mary Beujaming 

Woodbridge Gourcjas. 
July 2, 1817. — At Unity in the State of New Hampshire I baptized two 
of the youngest of Jesse Stowell's children. 

Wm Montague. 

[It is evident from some of the entries in these records, that the children 
-whose baptisms are here recorded were baptized in different towns. A large 
portion of the parents of the children did not reside at Stoughton. Many were 
residents of Dedham, where the Rev. William Montague, who seems to have 
made a considerable portion of the entries, was rectoi\ — Editor.] 

{To be continued.] 



LETTERS OF COL. THOMAS WESTBROOK 
AND OTHERS, 

RELATIVE TO INDIAN AFFAIRS IN MAINE. 

Communicated by "William Blake Trasx, A.M., of Dorchester, Mass. 

[Continued from page 30.] 

[The following is a verbatim copy, imperfectly translated, as it would 
appear, from the French, of the letter of Governor Vaudreuil, to which his 
signature, only, is affixed. It will be noticed, that he speaks of Father 
Rale as having been murdered by the English, while doing his duty, the 
priest proving ever faithful to his Prince in teaching the Indians, who were 
always true to the French and their service. This letter should be read in 
connection with that of Duminer's to the Canadian Governor, written on 
the 15th of September preceding, printed in the present volume of the 
Eegister, page 26, as also, another, by Dummer, yet to come, dated 19th 
of January, 1724-5. The latter is more directly in reply to the letter of 
"Vaudreuil now before us, in regard to the Indians, boundaries of lands, 
treaties, &c. 

There 13 extant, in the Massachusetts Archives (vol. 52, pages 15, 16), 















. 






. 






1892.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. 137 

an intercepted letter, taken among Sebastian Rale's papers, at Norridge- 
wock, examined, and attested to by Secretary Joseph Willard. Though 
printed entire in the Mass. Hist. Collections, 2d series, vol. viii., page 266, 
it may be of interest to give, here, a partial synopsis of its contents. 

Rale states, that his people made a party of forty men against the 
English, " not with a Design to kill, but to put them in mind of their 
Word, and to make them draw off: In one night they ranged near ten 
Leagues of the Country where the English had settled," broke into their 
houses, pillaged and burned them, taking thence sixty-four prisoners. 
Subsequently, 160 warriors set out. (i I embarked with them," he writes, 
4 'to go to the War." They attacked a village, consisting of 54 fair houses, 
with five forts, two of stone, and three of wood. The inhabitants, " near 
600 in number," as he says, "besides women and children," had sheltered 
themselves in their stone forts. His party fell upon, and pillaged the 
houses, " burned all their Works of Wood, filled up their "Wells, killed 
their Cattle, Oxen, Cows, horses, sheep, swine." " To pleasure the Eng- 
lish," as he expresses himself, <k I made my appearance, and shewed 
myself to them several times." " They saw me," he continues to say, " but 
dare do nothing to me, altho' they knew that the Govern our had set my 
Head at a Thousand Livres Sterling. 1 shall not part with it, Nevertheless, 
for all the Sterling money in England." 

The Indians went from thence to Canada, according to Rale, and would 
have carried him with them, " but I bid them go," " and about eight or nine 
stays here with me." 

Rale, in closing, feels perplexed by the fact, that the English hold their 
forts, and are, consequently, masters of the land. The Indians are not 
able, alone, without the assistance of the French, to cope with them, and 
the land, to the Indians, is lost. 

The 12th ot August (old style), 1724, Father Rale was slain, and his 
scalp was bro ghfc to Boston. The New England Courant, August 24, 
1724, says:— -'-On Saturday last arrived Capt. Johnson Harmon from his 
Expedition n gainst the Indians at Norridgewock, and brought with him 28 
Scalps, one o- which is Father Ralle's their Priest." 

The Mass. Hist. Coll., 2d series, vol. viii. p. 245-249, contains a copy of 
a long letter from Father Rale, to one of his order, name not given, which 
by a singular coincidence, was dated August 23, N. S., 12 O. S., 1724, " the 
very day that Captain Harmon and his men slew him and a number of 
Indians.' 

To sh)w the changes produced in sentiment and feeling a century after- 
wards, it may be mentioned, that Bishop Fenwick, of Boston, caused a 
monument to be erected to Father Rale, at Norridgewock, which was 
dedicated one hundred and nine years after the massacre, namely, August 
23, 1833. The inscription, in latin, with a view of the monument, may be 
seen in Allen's History of Norridgewock, papes 42, 43.] 

VaudreuiVs Letter to L Governor Dummer. 

I am surprise[d] that you have not seen the Safe garde, & the Comission 
I had given to Father Ralle, sooner. The Abenekis Indieos, your Neig- 
bours, with whom you have allways been in war, haveing submitted them- 
selves To france, imbrace the Catholick Religion, & declare war to you 
Every time France & England have had any quarrel togather; I say, all 
this ought, or should, have put you in Mind or Convince you, it was not 















- 






138 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. [April, 

without orders of the most Christian king, that the Jesuits were among the 
Lidiens & Preach the Gospel to 'em. If you had forgotten it, the many 
Letters I have Written to your Governor about it, since the Last war be- 
tween you & the abeneckis Indiens ought to have put you in mind of it. 
No doubt but you are to answer to the king, your master, for the Late 
Murder Committed by your order on the Person of that french Missionary, 
whose head, I know, you Sat a price, & had no other reason to be so ani- 
mated against, only because he has done his Duty, & has been fait[h]full 
To his Prince in Teaching those Indiens, to Whom the king of f ranee could 
not refuse missionaries & help 'em in all he Could; because they have all- 
ways, been true to him & served him upon Every occasion, or opportunity, 
that have been made known to ye. 

You tell me, that you took the opportunity of the Safe gard I had given 
to father Ralle, to lett me know, for the Second Time, that the narank- 
souae & Panoaramesques Indiens, were without Contradiction Subje[c]ts to 
great Britain & on their Lands. Give me Leave to tell ye, Sir, that what 
you Say is not Maintainable. Don't you know, that S* George's River 
was on 1700 by order of the Two Crowns, mark'd as the bounds of the 
English & french Lands; by w Bh bounds it is Plainly Seen, that all the 
District of Penoamesque was given to us; & shews the injustice you have 
Committed against the french, to built as you have done. & without Leave, 
a fort on the land of one Lefevre; of which enterprize if you don't desist, 
you will infallibely repent? Don't you know, that said Lefevre had an habi- 
tation att kannoveskail : that your Sloops & ours did Pay a Duty to him as 
to the Propriator of that Land, Every time they Came to anchor there ? I 
believe that M r Capon (Envoy of England when king George Came upon 
the Throne, who Came here to ask the Panoamesqae Indians to submit 
themselves to England) has not impart to you with the answer those Indiens 
made to him, tho' they did give him Two Coppies of it in Writing. Their 
answer was, that they were french from the begiuin, & in the interest of 
france; that they were Surprise they made such proposition to 'em; that 
they never would Change their Religion, king nor Interest; & were 
offended they would keep such a Discourse to 'em, when they knew, very 
well, their union With france; of Which they Look themselves as Children 
& Subje[c]ts. That answer (if said Capon don't Ly that was to be sent to 
the king & Parliament of England) will show Plainly S. the unreasonabies 
of your Pretention to those Indiens. As to those of Narancsouac, you 
flatter yourselves of Certain Particular deeds, by Yertue of W ch yon pre- 
tend, they made over their lands to ye, but how can wee believe ye. Since 
the Whole Nation Exclaim against those particulars? Indiens (whom 
they pretend you have suborned) that had no authority to give you that 
deed for the first fort build by your order, upon Narancsouac Land ? You 
said to the Indiens that were against it, or opposed it, that you did not 'pre- 
tend to be master of said forts; that they were built only against the 
Pirates, that may, otherwise, take away the goods you had a mind to send 
that way to Trade with 'em? After you had, by unlawful! means, built 
those forts, you spoke Very imperiously, & thought yourselves able to sub- 
due the said Indiens; but it is that, itself, that has brought you to the Con- 
fusion & Trouble you Lay under, of which you will have much ado to 
Come oft. You have in so doing, provoke the Narancsouae Indiens against 
you, to see you bad a mind to use 'era as your Subje[c]ts, & even as slaves, 
whilst they would have no other relation with you but what follows from 
trade among Nations. You may Judge of the true of what I say, by the 



1892.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. 139 

Letter you took about three years ago att father Ralle's house, when you 
plunder it against the Laws of men. You'll See in that Letter, that the 
Narancsouae Indiens use to Come Every year to me, to Complain of your 
New attempts, & that you had a mind to make 'em turn of your Side 
TVether they Wou'd or No, w ch they were resolve not to sutfer. 

You had more need to ask my advice, before you Invad their Lands 
(W ch I should never advic ye to) then I to ask you Leave to answer the 
Just complaints of the Said Indiens; that since they Would not turn of 
your side it was their Interest to Defend their land, & Drive out Those 
that would invade it. 

It would have Loock very unsemly for me Sir, if for to please you, I 
had occasioned the said Indiens to turn from the french (with whom they 
have & will Live Lovingly togather) & sacrifice them to you. If I had I 
woud have made a breach to the Last Treaty of Peace, who order us to 
have a Regard for the Indiens, either friends or ally to france & do Noth- 
ing to molest 'em. Know therefore, Sir, that if I did order father Ralle to 
Tarry among 'em, it was to Conform my Self to the Said Trety. Nothing 
Could afflict the said Indiens more then to see their father, or Priest, taken 
away from 'em; whilst of an other Side, you did Endeavour to take their 
Lands. You must blame nobody but yourselves, for all the Violence & 
hostilitys those Indiens have committed against your Nation, Since you 
are the Cause of it, in invadeing their Lands, & presume to make your 
Subje[c]ts those People, that never would Consent to be your allys: whom 
being united to france, have doclare themselves against your Nation. I 
Cannot help taking their parts in this, to let you know you are in the 
wrong to fall out with 'em, as you have. 

You have by that means, draw upon your Selves, a great Number of 
Indiens from Every Side, whom to revenge the injustice done to these, do 
fall & will fall upon you hereafter. If you had imitate the Governours of 
Boston, your predecessors, Contended your Selves To Trade with the 
Abenakis Indiens & had built no forts on their Lands, all this Continent 
would be in peace, Wherefore I think my Se^ oblige to represent to you 
again, that to Procure Peace among your selves & the People you have 
Justly provok'd by your unjust attempts, to Pull Down all the forts you 
have built upon their Land Since the Peace of L T treck. If so, I Promiss 
you afterwards to be your Mediator to the Abenakis Indiens & those that 
help's them, & oblige 'em, to Lay down the hatchet, if Can be Possible to 
appeace 'em, Since the Last Cruelty & unjust attempts Committed of Late, 
against them & their Missionari. I am not so Scare of your treatnings, to 
see Nations that are, as you Say, ready to fall upon us to revenge your 
Cause; then, you ought to be. yourselves, for the fault you have Comitted 
against france, in Endeavouring to take their allys from 'em. I will not, 
however, refuse ray mediation to you, to bring the abenakis Indiens & their 
allys, to Peace, on the Condition Expresed in this Letter, which are Con- 
formable to the maind of these Indiens, whom, betwen us, have given ye no 
Just Cause to Declare war to 'em. As to the Cruelty Committed by your 
order, on the Person of Father Ralle, I Leave to the Two Crowns to 
Decide of the Justice (or punishment) that is to be made, haveing been 
oblige to give an account of it to the king my Master. 

I am, Sir, your most humble, & most obedient Servant. 

Quebec 8 ber the 29* 1724. [Signed] Veaudreuil. 

9 ber the 10 th . 

Mass. Arch. 52:77-84. 

VOL. XLYI. 12* 



























































, 


















. 













' 



, 









140 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. [April, 

To the Hono Mc William Dinner Esq r Lieu' Governour and Comander in 
Cheif in and over His Majestys Province of the Massachusetts Kay in New 
England & to the IIono Me His Majestys Council & House of Representatives 

in General Court Assembled at Boston, November the Eleventh 1724. 

The Humble Petition of Jonathan Carey, of Boston, Shipwright, 
Sheweth, 

That Whereas your Pet T in the year 1723 being Obliged to 
remove from a Small Dwelling house of his Situate in Augusta, opposite 
to the Island of Arowsick, into Garrison there for fear of the Indian Enemy, 
the Officers and Soldiers under the Comand of Col Thomas Westbrook, 
by his Orders pulled down the Pet" s J house in order to make use of the 
Boards thereof to mend the Whale Boats used in His Majestys service, and 
accordingly they gave Receipt to your Pet r for Eight hundred and five feet 
of boards made use of by them for that service. And inasmuch as your 
Pet" s d House (wherein there was about Sixteen hundred feet of Boards 
& Eleven hundred of Nails besides Masons work), which was of the value 
of Twenty pounds, at the least, by moderate computation) was intirely 
destroyed, and all y e Timbers & Boards carryed away, and made use of by 
the Officers & Soldiers under the s d Col Westbrooks Comand, (there 
being then no Boards to be had there) so that what was left, if any, was of 
no manner of use or benefit to the Pet r who was all this time absent and 
intirely Ignorant thereof until the same was done, when he made Application 
to y e s d Col Westbrook for Recompenee, who referred him to this Hono bie 
Court for Relief in y e premisses. 

Wherefore the Pet r humbly prays Inasmuch as he is a yery poor man & 
has been driven oif from his habitation by the Indian Enemy as afores d ., 
That this Great and General Court would please to take y e premisses into 
y r serious & wise Consideration & Order him some suitable satisfaction & 
Recompenee for the damage done him by the pulling down and Destroying 
his Dwelling house afores d , he being able to make it evidently appear the 
truth and Facts of his Allegations aforesaid. 

And as in duty bound y r Pet r shall ever jray &c. 

Jonathan Cary, 

. In the House of Representatives 

December 15 th 1724 Read & Committed for petition 7 . 

In Answer to this Petition the Com tee are of Opinion that the sum of 
six pounds be Allowed and paid out of the Pub-lick Treasury to the 
Petitioner Jonathan Cary, in full discharge of what was made use of for the 
Service of the Province by the Officers & Soldiers Under the Comand of 
Col Thomas Westbrook. 

John Chandler per Order of the Com 1 - 9 . 

In the House of Representatives December 18 1724. Read & accepted 
and Resolved That the Sum of Six pounds be allowed and paid out of the 
publick Treasury to the petitioner, Jonathan Cary, in full discharge thereof. 

Sent up for Concurrence 
In Council, Dec. 18, 1724. W m Dudley Speaker 

Read & Concur'd Consented to 

J. Willard Secry. W a Dumsiee. 

Rec d of m r Jonathan Cary (by virtue of Col° Westbrooks Verbal Order) 
Five Hundred & fifty feet of Boards for mending the whale Boats in hi* 
Majesties Service. p r John Jackson, 



1892.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. 141 

The Boards aboue mention d were for his Majesties Service, & rec d p* 
order Tno 9 Westdrook. 

George Town April 1721 Rec d of m r Jon a Carey Two hundred foot of 
Boards, & us'd in the mending of Whale Boats & d' in His Muj t3 Service. 
Mass. Arch. lOo, pages lOJS-108. John Penh allow. 



To the Hon ble William Dumer Esq[ti]ire Lieu' Gouernour & Commander 
in Cheif of His Majesties Province of the Massachusetts Bay, The Hou ble 
the Council, And the Hon ble Representatives of His Maj ne3 Said Province 
in General Court Assembled. 

The Memorial of Joseph Heath Humbly Sheweth, That Whereas Your 
Honours Memorialist, Since The making up of his Roll, in June Last. 
Beside his own Company, has had under his care the Three Mohawks and 
the Ten English men appointed to Scout with them. And for three 
moneths past had the Command of an Other Scout of Twenty men. And 
beside his march to Nericlgawalk, has at all Times, attended Marching 
Orders. And there beinw no Other Suitable person to Take the Charge 
of, & Deliver Stores to The marching Forces, hath also Delivered Great 
Quantities of provision, ammunition, & Slop Clothing, to them from Time 
to Time by Dir[e]ction of the Treasurer, Who is Ready to Certify the 
Same. Your Honours Memorialist therefore Humbley prayeth, that in 
Consideration of the Premises, he may be allow'd Captains pay iu this 
present Roll, as Your Honours were pleased to grant him in his Last. 
And in as much as the Former Establishment of 4 h p r moneth for the 
Officer Comanding the Fort at Richmond, is not soticient to Support your 
memorialist, He further Humbley prayeth Your Honours to Grant hirn 
Captains pay for the future, so long as he may Continue the Commander of 
the s d Fort & the Treasurey substitute for Delivering Stores to the s d March- 
ing Forces; w ch he would Humbley Suggest will be much Cheaper to y e 
province then to pay a Sub Commissary for Delivering those Stores only & 
will also prevent Your memorialist's Troub'in^ Your Honours With any 
Petitions of this nature for the Future, & Your Honours memorial 51 as in 
Duty Bound shall Euer pray &c. Joseph Heath. 

Boston Novem br 17 th 1724. 

In the House of Representatives Nov r 18 th 1724. Read, and the Ques- 
tion was put, Whether the Prayer of the Memorial shall be granted? 
Resolved in the Affirmative. 

Sent up for Concurrence. 
In Council Nov br 18, 1724, W ra Dcdley Speak r . 

Read & Concur'd. Consented to, 

W m Dummer. 

Endorsed: Memorial of Joseph Heath, with resolve of Court thereon, 
Nov. 18 th 1724. 

Mass. Arch. 72: 203. 



Boston, 17 th Nov* 1724. 
I received your Letter by Express this Morning & you are hereby 
directed Immediately to draw out of the Souldiers Posted at Yorke & 
Wells 50 good Men Well armed & Supply'd with sutable proviss. for io 
Dayes or more if need be & with them to March forthwith to Piggwacot in 
Search of the Indians Liveing there according to the Relation you havo 



142 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. [April, 

from the Captive Peter Tallcott who made his Escape from them & is 
arrived with you whome likewise Stephen Harden or such other Person or 
p'sons as shall be knowing of the Place & the Way to it, & the officer 
Commanding at Yorke is hereby Order'd without delay to furnish his Part 
for this Service which is 25 Men; & in as much as the Success in this Ex- 
pedition will in a great Measure depend under God on your dilligent dis- 
patch & silence I expect from you that the uttmost Care be taken therein ; 
so wishing you good success I am Y r3 

P.S. You are to take with You M r Allison Brown of Cape porpus who 
is hereby Authorized to Act as your Lieut. ; & inasmuch as you may probably 
not be able to Muster the whole Complement of fifty good & able Men fit 
for the Service out of the Two Towns aforemention'd L* Brown is hereby 
Directed to bring with him 10 or 12 good Men from his Detachment to 
make up Your Number. 

Cap 1 Wheelwright. 
Mass. Arch. 52 : 89. 



Honoured S r 

Some Time agoe one mons r Daguiell, of mont Reall was here in albany, 
by whom I forwarded your honours Letter to marq 3 Vaudreuiell. I had at 
y e same time some discourse with said Daguiell Concerning y e Warrs be- 
tween New England and y e Indians. I Tould him of y e unjustice and 
barbarity of y u warr, and some further discourse Thereabouts, which it 
seems s d daguiell has Partlv Imparted unto Monsieur Laehassaigne Govern r 
of mont Reall, as I Can Perceive by a Letter I Recei d of mons r Lachas- 
saigne p r the bearer hereef that mons r Vaudreuill is very sorry and weary 
of that Warr, and as far as I can Perceive would willingly see one or two 
gentlemen, Impowred by New England Gov" to Endeav r to make an End 
of that warr, which would bee very acceptable in Canada. 

By this Conveyance goes a Letter for your Honour from Gov r Vaudreuill. 
Here are now some french Indians in Towne. I designe to keep two of 
y m about a 14 days or Longer, which I Can Easy doe for Little or no 
Charge, if his honour may write an answer to Gov r Vaudreuill upon his 
Letter, that I Can soon dispatch itt. 

This is at p'sent y e most needful from 

Your Honours most humb 1 serv" 
Albany 21 th Nov 1 1724. John Schuyler. 

Mass. Arch. 52 : 90. 



Sir, 

I have given Saccamakten one of the Hostages, Leave to go Home & 
visit his Friends upon his Parol, To return in about Six Weeks. You 
must send out a Scout with him under a discreet officer as far as may be 
convenient & so that he may be conducted in Safety out of y e Reach of 
any of our Parties that may be in the Woods, And when your People 
Leave him let him be furnisht with twenty Days Provision to carry him to 
some Indian Settlem 1 . Agree with him for some Signal to be made upon 
his Return, And thereupon receive him kindly, be with him, if they think 
proper to accompany him, And if two or three other Indians offer to come 
in peaceably with him, receive them likewise kindly, Adviseing me imme- 
diately of it And send them to Boston by y c first good Conveyance. 

Dec. 4, 1724. [Similar language to the above is written out, in 

To L* Kennedy. part, on the back of this Letter. The whole 

in the hand-writing of Secretary Willard.] 
























■ 









' 


















. 









1892.] Letters of Col. Thoracis Wtstbrdok and others. 143 

[Passport.] Whereas Saccamakten (one of the Indian Hostages) has 
obtained my Leave to visit the Indian Settlem" & see his Family & Friends 
in these parts upon his Parol, to return back in the Space of forty Days ; 
These are to require all otficers Civil & Military & all Persons with- 
in this Government, his Majesties good Subjects, to suffer the said Sacca- 
maksen to pass forward to Penobscot or other Indian Settlem ts without 
Lett or Molestation & to return back to the English Fort at S* Georges 
River Provided he pass & repass peaceably without offering any Injury to 
his Majesties Subjects. 
Mass. Arch. o2: 92. 



[Petition of James Webster, Nov. 1724, who states, that he, on the 
Eighth day of Feb 17 last, was wounded by the Indians having rec'd a shott 
thro' his body as he was going from Fort George on board Cap 4 Sanders' 
sloop, to bring provision, by order of Leiu* James Armstrong his Com- 
mander, by reason of which wound your Petitioner hath ever since been 
under the Doctors care, and hath several peices of bone taken out of his 
body and hath more bones to be taken out, as Doctor Allen Informs, so 
that your Petitioner is rendered uncapable to do anything for his support, 
and hath been at considerable Charge for Dyet, Lodging and Attendance, 
in Boston. Said Webster therefore prays for an allowance out of the 
Publick Treasury. 

Ten pounds allowed for smart money, and Ten pounds, nineteen shil- 
lings for Nursing, dyett & attendance on the Petitioner, from the 8 th of 
February 1723-4, to the 16 th of this Instant. Decemb r . Dec r 18 lh 1724.] 
Mass. Arch. 72 : 211. 



[In a letter from the Connecticut Government, dated Hartford, Dec. 22, 
1724, to the Government of Massachusetts (Mass. Archives, 52, 99), is 
this clause — '■* Whether it may not be proper to Close the Message to M. 
Vaudreill with a representation that it is Very Apparent that our Indian 
Enemy have such a dependance on him to support them in the Warr that 
he Can Easily reduce them to Quietness, and that his Exerting himself in 
so good a Work (as reducing those Indians to Order would be) may hapily 
prevent many Mischieffs that Seem to Threaten us as well as the people 
under his Gomand, and also give us a Speciall Instance of his good Neigh- 
bourhood; and if this, or anything Else, proper to Insert in the Message to 
the Governo r of Canada, might gain him to Influence the Indians to peace, 
it would be well ; but if he should slight the Motion of being an Instrument 
to gain a peace for us, I think he would Still be the Less Excusable, and 
must Thank himself when he is Taught by other Means."] 



Sir, It is his Hon rs the Leiu* Gov" order, on sight hereof, you give 
orders that all the frontier garrisons under y r Care be strict on their guard, 
and that you order a Scout of men from Pcsomscutt River to Saco River, 
some distance above those Towns, And let a Scout of Fifty men be con- 
stantly kept from Saco River a Cross to Berwick, some considerable dis- 
tance (not exceeding Twenty Miles), above the Scout that are already 
allow'd to those people a Loggin at Berwick and Saco RWer, and in Cas« 
you hear of the Enemy, you are to draw out a sufficient number of men 
according to the Intelligence you receive, and pursue them. Cap 1 Sanders 



144 The Starkey s of JSfeiu England. [April, 

will Sail this Week for York with a Sufficient number of Snow Shoes and 
Moggisons, & in the meantime you must make a shift with those that are 
in the Hands of the Commissary at Casco which the Treasurer acquaints 
the Leu* Governour are about one hundred, as well as those in the several 
Towns where they are lodg'd. I am Sir yours to serve, 

Boston Decern 29 th 1724. Tho 8 Westbeoox. 

To 

L l Col Johnson Harmon, 

at York. A True Coppy. 



Mass. Arch. 52: 103. 



[To be continued.] 



THE STARKEYS OF NEW ENGLAND. 

By Miss Emily W. Leayitt, of Boston. 

The earliest records of the Massachusetts Bay Colony give, of this sur- 
name, 

1st, Robert Starkey, of Concord, Mass., whose inventory was taken at 
Boston, 28. 8. 1646, by Captain Williard, Joseph Wheeler and Richard 
Lettin. 

2dj George Starkey, or Starke, whom Savage says may have been of 
Lynn, or Maiden. He was of Harvard College 1646. All that is known 
of him is his experience in London, where he had sent his servant during 
the terrible plague: "having made himself acquainted with medicine, as it 
is related in the letters of Allin, for the credit of Harvard College (new 
born) at Cambridge, New England, the metropolis of its native land was 
indebted in its most dismal visitation, to a graduate of its second year (Allin 
1643) and to another of its fifth year of bestowing such honors when the 
time honored unniversity so many thousand miles nearer, perhaps gave far 
less of educated skill to her relief." — Sibley's Harvard Graduates, vol. 1, 
p. 136-7. 

3d, Robert Starhey, a mariner, whose house stood on land belonging to 
Rev. Increase Mather and near his own house : his will was made in 1705, 
and his only son Robert, Jr., was a printer and bookseller of Fleet Street, 
Boston: his will was made in 1727, and with him the male line became 
extinct. 

4th, John Starkey, of Boston, 1667. A lineal descendant states that this 
John Starkey came from Standish, co. Lancaster, England, and, though 
the connection has not yet been established, yet it is rendered probable by 
the fact that there have been large numbers of this family in Lancaster 
County, for generations, in which the names of Johu, Thomas, William and 
George prevail. 
1. John 1 Starkey, by wife Sarah had, born in Boston : 

i. Jo its*, Jr., 2 b. Sept. 23, 1667. 
ii. Mart. 

iii. Sarah, b. April 1, 1671. 
iv. Experience, b. Feb. 3, 1672. 
v. Marthas b. March 25, 1674. 
2. vi. Andrew. 






























. 

























1892.] The Siarheys of New England. 145 

At the First Church, Boston, Mary and Sarai of Sister Starkie were 
baptized 29. 9. 1671, 

April 8, 1674, John 1 Starkey, weaver, of Boston, his wife Sarah renoun- 
cing her right of dower, took a mortgage of land at Maiden, Mass., of 
Dr. Samuel Brackenbury, " physitiau " of Boston. In 1675, this same Dr. 
Brackenbury releases to John 1 Starkey, land at Maiden, together vuth 
" part of a house standing upon the land of Mary Ridgway's children." 

Oct. 11, 1675, John Ridgway of Pemaquid, Maine, sells to John 1 Starkey, 
weaver, his house and land at Mystic Side, Charlestown. 

John 1 Starkey (with others) was cited by the constable of Mystic Side, 
Charlestown, Thomas Lynde, to take the freeman's oath, 2. 10. 1674: 
"These gersons appeared at court and were sworn in 15. 10. 1674," 
Register, vol. 7, p. 28, Nov. 18, 1676, John Ridgway, sen., and John Ridg- 
way, Jr. of Mystic Side, in consideration of a new frame of a house and £6. 
beside, sell John Starkey, clothier, of Maiden, one half a house and two 
acres of land, at Maiden. Dec, 25, 1677, John 1 Starkey in a deposition, 
states that he was then 39 years of age. 

17. 10. 1679. Robert Cawley sells three acres of land to John 1 Starkey, 
clothier, of Maiden. 

The next item of importance in his history is this petition. 

" To his Excellency, Edmond Andros, John Starkey's Pettcon. 

Whereas y e Petti con r being an inhabitant of New Harbor and having a patent 

for a tract of land and the conveniency of meadow or marsh where 

it might be found convenient, your Excellencys Petticon r being much straitened 
for his cattle was first to look out where he could find any marsh that was not 

taken up nor laid out to any person he found two small parcels, y e 

one lying and being at a place called Coxes Meadow, about six acres, ye other at 
a place called Pancake Hill, about six acres, more or less, the which march 

by ye Petticon r request to Captain Amos Andros was granted \ -t it 

should be laid out by a surveyor A your Excellencys petticon r there- 
fore humbly prays that his marsh may be laid out by some surveyor of your 
Excellencys appointment.*' 

JIass. Archives, vol. 123, p. 210. No date. 

In 1689, eight inhabitants of Pemaquid, Me., on May 11, petition govern- 
ment that Lieutenant James Weems might be left in command of the fort 
at the Point: these were 

Jno — George Jackson 

Dennis — John Bullock 

Elihu Gunnison Jomas Bogardus 

Alex. Woodrop. John 1 Starkey 

Prof. John Johnson, in Popham Celebration, p. 284, states that on Aug. 
2, 1689, the Penobscot Indians, one hundred in number, headed by Moxas, 
landed at New Harbor, on the opposite side of the Point from the fort. 
There they seized an Englishman by the name of John 1 Starkey, who was 
alone, and compelled him to give them information in regard to the condition 
of affairs at the fort. They surprised the garrison at broad noon day - no 
scouts out," and forced Lieut Weems to surrender : terms of capitulati'n 
were made, and kept, a3, several years later, Lieut. Weems, then living in 
New York, presents repeated petitions for pay due to himself and to his 
men for their services at the fort. 

What John 1 Starkey's fate was we cannot learn ; no record has, as yet, 
yielded to the long and exhaustive search that has been made. Of his 
family, it is probable that, as his lands lay near the fort, they were among 
those who were embarked "in Mr. Pateshall's sloop" and were carried to 



146 The Starheys of New England. [April, 

Boston. That there must have been more than one, is proved by Tryall 
Newbury of Maiden, claiming, in behalf of the heirs of John Starkey, 104 
acres of land lying within the bounds of Jamestown, on Pemaquid Neck, 
beginning at a certain run north of Richard Murren's house, with twenty 
acres of meadow, by patent under Governor Duugan to Richard Murreu 
dated 13 Sept. 1GS6. 

This land was " butted," in part, by that of William Case. In Charlestown, 
Mass., records, we find that William Case married Mary Starkey. This 
could not have been John Starkey's daughter Mary, because she was not 
baptized until 1671. 

The next link in John Star-key's family line was found in Bristol County 
records at Taunton, Mass. On Dec. 19, 1716, Andrew Starkey of Attle- 
borough, Mass.;, sold to James White, also of Attleborough, '• all laud at 
Pemaquid, adjoining a place called New Harbor, in the eastward parts of 
New England, 10-4 acres, with 20 acres of meadow, lately "belonging to my 
honored lather John Starkey, deceased." 

2. Andrew 3 Starkey (John 1 ) was, according to Mr. D. P. Corey's 

Genealogy of the Waite Family [N. E. H. G. Register, April, 
1878, p. 188], the first of the family who settled at Attleborough, 
Mass.; to which town he moved from Maiden, Mass., where he 
married (1) in 1708, Mehitable, a daughter of Samuel and Mehitable 
Waite of Maiden, who was b. Dec. 22, 1686, d. in 1717; he m. (2) 
Feb. 2, 1717-8, Katlierine, dau. of Alexander and Sarah (Wood- 
cock) Balcom, who was b. Feb. 7, 1604. Their children were : 

i. Mehitable, 3 b. May, 1709; m. July 17, 1780, William, a son of John 
and Iiuth (Edwards) Waite, who was b. June 2'.), 1700, d. June 24, 
1750; she died March 23, 1773 : res. at Medford, Mass., no children. 
8. ii. John, b. July, 1712. 

iii. Jason, b. Dec. 12, 1717. 

iv. Jemima, b. April 11, 1722; m. Elijah Farrington of Wrentham, Mass. 

v. Andrew, Jr., b. March 13, 172G-C; m. (pub.) March 8, 1743, Sybil 
Fisher of Norton, Mass., aud had: (1) Amos,' 1 who m. Miriam 
Thomas; (2) Sybil; (3) Andrew, 3d ; (4) Mary ; (5) Deborah ; (6) 
Eleanor. 
4. vi. Thomas, b. May 22, 1733. 

3. John 3 Starkey (Andreiv, 2 John 1 ), b. July, 1712 ; m. Feb. 2, 1734, at 

Attleborough., Amy, dau. of Capt. Joseph and Judith (Peck) Capron, 
who was b. July 15, 1715. Their children were: 

i. John, Jr., 4 b. March G, 173G-7; d. Oct. 29, 1739. 

ii. Loes. 

iii. Nathan (or Nathaniel), who remained at Attleborough. 

iv. William, b. 1742; m. Sarah, dau. of Timothy and Mary (Fuller) 

Martin, who was b. July 19, 1745, d. 1S33; he died March 23, 1783. 

Thev had children : 

(1) William, Jr., 5 b. Oct. 21, 17G5; rem. to Troy, N. H. 

(2) Sarah, b. March 2, 1769; d. young. 

(3) Sarah, b. April 7, 1771. 
;4) Timothy, b. May 3, 1773. 
^5) Amy, b. June 7, 177G. 
(6) Bhoda, b. Aug. 27, 1779. 

v. Mehitaijle, b. — — >; m. Nov. 12, 17G3, Nehemiah Clafiin. 
vi. John, Jr., b: March 13, 1745-G; m. Mary, dau. of John, sen. and 
Rebecca ^Sweetiand) Godding; lived at Troy, N. II. 
o. vii. Enoch, b. July 29, 1748. 

viii. Peter, b. ; m. . Had children : (1) Otis, b. Feb. 25, 1774 : 

(2) Peter, Jr., b. Sept. 25, 1777; (3) Xathan, b. March 12, 1779; (4) 



1892.] The Starkey s of New England, 147 

Laban, b. Jan. 30, 1782: (5) Benjamin, b. June 14, 1785; (G) John. 
b. April 3, 1788; (7) Calvin, b. March 17, 1790; (8) Lona, b. April 
25, 1792, d. young; (9) Luna. b. Sept. 11, 1794. 
Peter* Starkey, with his brothers, Benjamin, Enoch and Joseph, 
removed to Troy, N. H. He served in Capt. Samuel Wright's Com- 
pany, Gen. Stark's Brigade, which marched from Winchester, N. H., 
joined the Northern Army and was at the battles of Bennington and 
Stillwater, 1777. 

ix. ClTLOE. 

x. Benjamin, who d. unm. at Troy, N. H. 

xi. Joseph, b. at Attleborough, Mass., removed to Richmond, N. H., about 
1766; m. July 23, 1778, Waitstill Morse: he served in Capt. Oliver 
Capron's Company, Col. William Dpolittle's Regiment, at Winter 
Hill, Somerville, 5lass., Oct. 6, 1775. Thev had children: 

(1) Martha* b. March 13, 1779; m. March 4, 1798, Joseph Clark. 

(2) Esther, b. June 3, 1783; m. (1) Elijah Davenport. 

(3) Waitstill, b. Jan. 17, 1787; m. May 15. 1611, Noah Aldrich. 

(4) Joseph, Jr., b. Sept. 27, 1790; m. Feb. 20, 1812, Lydia Aldrich. 

(5) Henry, b, Sept. 1, 1795; m. Feb. 17, 1818, Lucy Woodward. 

(6) Betsey, b. May, 1803; m. June 26, 1820, William Woodward. 

4, Thomas 8 Starkey (Andrew? John 1 ), b. May 22, 1733: m. (pub.) 
Aug. 30, 1755, Rebekah, dau. of Jonathan and Rebekah (Moses) 
Capron, who was b. Feb. 1, 1734, and had: 

i. Rebekah, 4 b. Nov. 18, 1756. 

ii. Chloe, b. Aug. 6, 1757; d. Oct. 28, 1798. 

iii. Thomas, Jr., b. Nov. 25, 1759. 

iv. Oliver, b. June 18, 1762. 

v. Chloe, b. Aug. 6, 1764. 

vi. Abel, b. Feb. 21, 1767. 

6. vii. Moses. 

-5. Enoch 4 Starkey (John, 9 Andrew? John 1 ), b. July 29, 1748 ; m. Oct. 
15, 1774, Elizabeth (or Betsey) Blackinton, of Attleborough. Mass.. 
who was b. Jan. 3, 1751, d. Jan. 18, 1823; he d. 1823, at Troy, 
N. H., whither he removed in 1776, to that pare which is now 
Swansey ; his estate was administered June, 1824, by his son Samuel 5 
Starkey. They had children : 

i. David, 5 b. ; m. at Swansey, N. H., March 23, 1797, Lavinia Wood- 
cock, and had two daughters, Susan and Rhoda. 

7. ii. George, b. 1775. 

iii. Samuel, b. Nov. 30, 1786; m. March 20, 1811, Thankful, a dau. of 
Elder Nathaniel and Thankful Bolles, wbo was born May 29, 1700, 
d. at Mansfield, Mass., June 25, 1S72; he d. at Richmond, N. H., 
April 30, 1865. They had children : 

(1) JIahala, 6 b. Jan. 1, 1813; m. Ira Hardy, of Providence, R. I. 

(2) Lois, b. Jan. 16, 1815; m. William A. C'lapp. 

(3) Emily, b. May 29, 1817; m. Benjamin Bolles. 

(4) Leonard, b. April 13, 1819; m. Nancv Smith. 

(5) Charles O., b. April 19, 1821; d. at Bethlehem, N. H., June, 1838. 

(6) Dexter, b. Feb. 4. 1824; m. (1) Julia M. Brown: shed. April 28, 

1854; he m. (2) Anna P. Davis. 

(7) Betsey, b. Aug. 5, 1826; m. Albert Stiles; he d. Jan. 9, 1856; she 

m. (2) June 5, 1861, James Pierce, who d. at Fitehburg, Mass., 
Oct. 29, 18S5. 

(8) Mary W., b. Aug. 5, 1826; m. Le Roy Brown. 

(9) Samuel, Jr., b. March 30, 1830; d. Oct. 8, 1889. 

(10) Nathaniel B., b. April 11, 1832; d. Sent. 30, 1832. 

(11) William, b. May 26, 1334: d. at Barton, Vt,, March 4, 1889. 

iv. Levi, b. March 2, 1790; m. Hannah Holman, of Fitzwiliiam, N. II.; 
she d. Dec. 23, 1846; he d. June 17, 1848. They had children: 
(1) Harriet G.* b. Aug. 26, 1816. 
VOL. XL VI. 13 



148 The Starheys of Keto England. [April, 

(2) Martha M., b. Jan. 3, 1819. 

(3) Enoch Noijes, b. Nov. 12, .1820. 

(4) Edicard H, b. Aug. 19, 1824. 

(5) James F., b. April 10, 1826. 

(6) Eliza J., b. April 6, 1834. 

v. Polly, b. June 15, 1793; m. June 27, 1819, John Tilden, of Keene, 
N. H., who was b. March 20, 1784 ; she d. at West Moreland, N. H., 
June 10, 1854 ; they had no children. 

6. Moses 4 Starkey (Thomas, 3 Andrew, 2 John 1 ) removed to Vassal- 

borough, Me., where through the influence of a local movement, he 
joined the Society of Friends and became a preacher; hem. (1) 
April 4, 1796, Eunice, dau. of John Taber, of Vassalborough, who 
was b. July 6, 1777, at Portland Me., d. April 16, 1816; he m. (2) 
Jennet, dau. of George Warren, who was b. at Portland, Me., June 1, 
1782, d. June 11, 1782; he d. Nov. 9, 1842. They had children: 

i. Daniel Taber, 5 b. June 6, 1797; m. Sarah I., dau. of Paul and Jennet 
Rogers, of North Berwick, Me. ; he d. at Vassalborough, Dec. 30, 
1824. They had children : 

(1) George, 6 b. Jan. 2, 1823; m. Oct. 14, 1852, Caira Skelton; a physi- 

cian; res. Philadelphia, Penn. 

(2) Daniel Taber, Jr., b. Aug. 25, 1825; m. (1) Elizabeth Ann Mills, 

June 14, 1854; she d. Aug. 6, 18G0; he m. (2) Mrs. Julia A. 

Vea^ie, Feb. 4, 1867; a phvsician, res. at Winchester, Mass. 
ii. Eliza, b. Jan. 1, 1799 ; d. Dec. 9, 1837. 
iii. Rebecca, b. Jan. 9, 1801; d. Aug. 24, 1878. 
iv. Mary R., b. Dec. 17, 1806; d. Jan. 26, 1833. 
v. William R., b. Dec. 4, 1808; d. 1870. 
vi. Moses T., b. Nov. 22, 1811; d. Jan. 1891. 
vii. Eunice T., b. Aug. 2, 1S13. 
viii. Susan, b. Nov. 11, 1815. 
ix. Henry W., b. Sept. 6, 1819; d. Sept. 25, 1840. 
x. Charles W., b. June 9, 1821 ; d. Oct. 21, 1840. 
xi. Thomas C, b. June 6, 1823; d. Oct. 18, 1840. 
xii. John Warren, b. April 4, 1725; m. (1) Dec. 3, 1846, Carrie C. Carr; 

she d. ; he m. (2) Feb. 16, 18—, Mrs. Susan C. Carr, of Bow- 

doin, Me., 9 children; he d. at Vassalboro', Me., Oct. 25, 1891. 

7. George* Starkey (Enoch, 4 John, 3 Andrew, 2 John 1 ), b. 1775, in 

Swansey; m. (1) Betsey, dau. of Daniel and Elizabeth (Graves) 
Lawrence, who was b. at Troy, N. H., March, 1777, d. Sept. 13, 
1813, a. 36 years; he m. (2) Hannah Smith, of Westminster, Mass. 
(pub.) Feb. 19, 1821; he d. at Westminster, Oct. 10. 1855, a. 80 
years, and was buried at Fitchburg, Mass. They had children : 

i. Betsey, 3 b. at Swansey, May 21, 1801 ; m. April 12, 1825, Ezra Fores- 
tall, of Fitzwilliam, N. H., who was b. Sept. 20, 1799, d. at Boston, 
Mass., March 3, 1872; she d. Oct. 6, 1889, at Boston. They had 
children : 

(1) George Wright 7 Forristall, b. Feb. 8, 1825. 

(2) Charles Alexander 1 Forristall, b. Aug. 13, 1827; d. May 17, 1828. 

(3) Helen Maria 1 Forristall, b. Sept. 1, 1829 : d. Nov. 18, 1830. 

(4) Ezra 7 Forristall. b. Adril 15, 1831. 

(5) Henry Mellen 7 Forristall, b. March 8. 1833; d. Jan. 22, 1891. 

(6) Charles Granville 7 Forristall, b. Feb. 3, 1835. 

(7) Hannah Elizabeth 7 Forristall, b. Jan. 7, 1836. 

ii. Nancy, b. Nov. 5, 1803; m. March 10, 1825, Joseph Nourse, at Troy, 
N. H., who was b. at Fitzwilliam, N. H., Sept. 10, 1797, d. at Fitch- 
burg, Mass., Dec. 4, 1860 ; she d. May 22, 1864. They had children ; 

(1) Charles 7 bourse, b. July 2, 1826 ; d. Aug. 3, 1834. 

(2) George Lyman 7 Nourse, b. Oct. 7, 1828; d. Oct. 6, 1846. 

(3) Maria J 7 Nourse, b. May 17, 1830; d. July 9, 1842. 

(4) Joseph Enoin? Nourse, b. July 27, 1832. 



. 















' 












1892.] Descendants oj George Lawrence. 149 

(5) Edward 1 Xourse, b. Aug. 2, 1832; d. Sept. 4, 1834. 

(6) Ellen Louise 7 Xourse, b. July 17, 1835; d. May 17, 1837. 

(7) Sarah J 7 Xourse, b. March 9, 1838. 

(8) Mary 7 Xourse, b. Jan. 14, 1841. 

(9) Maria L. 7 Xourse, b. Feb. 11, 1844. 

in. Mary L., 6 b. Sept. 5, 1806 ; m. Jan. 9, 1831, Alexander Fomstall, who 
was b. at JFitzwiiliam, N. H., Jan 9, 1805. d. at Woodbury, L. I., 
June 25, 1847; she d. at Chelsea, Mass., July, 31, 1875. They had 
children : 

(1) Charles 7 Forristall, b. Aug. 1833; d. March 4, 1830. 

(2) Thomas G 7 Forristall, b. March 21, 1835; d. March 4, 1856. 

(3) Mary L 7 Forristall, b. Oct. 26, 1837. 

(4) Helen M 7 Forristall, b. April 10, 1840. 

(5) Emma I 7 Forristall, b. Sept. 6, 1842; d. July 15, 1878. 

(6) Frances E. R 7 Forristall, b. March 19, 1846. 

iv. George Lyman, b. Jan. 12, 1810; in. July 9, 1343, Elizabeth N. Ames, 
at Tanrworth, N*. II. Thev reside at Boston, Mass., and have one 
dj,u. Fanny, 7 b. Feb. 14, 1859. 
8. v. Clarissa Lawrence, b. March 3, 1813; m. Nov. 23, 1836, Thomas 
Crane. 

8. Clarissa Lawrence* 5 Starkey ( George, 5 Enoch? John? Andrew? 
John 1 ), b. March 3, 1813, at Troy, N. H.; m. at Boston, Mass., 
Nov. 23, 1836, Thomas Crane of New York City, who was born at 
George's Island, Boston Harbor, Oct. 8, 1803, died at New York 
City, April 1, 1875. They had children: 

i. Thomas 7 Crane 3d, b. Aug. 21, 1837; d. Jan. 26, 1875. 
ii. Benjamin F. 7 Crane, b. Feb. 14, 1841; d. Oct. 12, 1889. 
iii. Albert 7 Crane, b. Dec. 30, 1842. 

iv. Frances Adelaide 7 Crane, b. May 2, 1846; d. Feb. 11, 1849. 
v. Sopria Angela 7 Crane, b. Nov. 1, 1847; d. Aug. 18, 1852. 
vi. Henry Clay 7 Crane, b. April 22, 1^50; d. Dec. 30, 1S69. 
Yii. Ida Augusta 7 Crane, b. July 2, 1852; d. Aug. 21, 1853. 
viii. Ella Florence 7 Crane, b. Jan. 14, 1856 ; d7 July 26, ^857. 



DESCENDANTS OF GEORGE LAWRENCE. 

By Miss Emily W. Leavitt, of Boston, Mass. 

There were two early settlers of Watertown, Mass., by the name of 
Lawrence, John and George, but no relationship has hitherto been established 
between thern. 

1. George 1 Lawrence was born in 1637; married 1st, Sept. 29, 1657, 
Elizabeth, the eldest child of Benjamin and Bridget Crispe, of 
Watertown, Mass. She was born January 8, 1636-7; died May 
28, 1681; he married 2d, August 16, 1691, Elizabeth Holland. 
Their children were : 

i. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 30, 1658-9; m. Oct. 18, 1681, Thomas Whitney, 

and lived in Stow, Mass. 
ii. Judith, b. May 12, 1660 ; m. about 1681, John, the third son of Charles 

and Eehecea (Gibson) Steams, of Watertown. 
iii. Hannah, b. March 2-4, 1661-2; ra. Obadiah Sawtell, of Groton, Mass. 
iv, John, b. March 25, 1664: was accidentally killed, June 15, 1674. 
v. Benjamin, twin, b. May 2, 1666; was a waterman, of Charlestown, 

Mass.; m. 1st, in Boston, Mass., July i, 16S9, Mary Clough, who 



150 Descendants of Georye Lawrence. [April, 

d. ; he m. 2d, Ann, the widow of Benjamin Phillips, Feb, 

3, 1696, who d. Jan. 11, 1716; he m. 3d, Nov. 18, 1716, Ann, the 
widow of Nathaniel Adams of Charlestown, and a daughter of 
Nathaniel and Mary (Bright) Coolidgo, of Watertown, who d. Dec. 
28, 1718; hem. 4tk\ July 9, 1719, Elizabeth Bennett, who d. Nov. 
26, 1738, aged 75 years. " His will was dated Sept. 7, 1733. 
vi. Daniel, twin, b. May 2, 1666, of Charlestown; m. 1st, June 19, 1689, 
Sarah, a daughter of Edward and Sarah (Adams) Counce, of 
Charlestown, who d. June 26, 1694; he m. 2d, Hannah Mason, 
Nov., 1695, who d. Aug. 27, 1721; he m. 3d. Aug. 23, 1722, Maud, 
a daughter of James and Mabel (Haynes) Russell, and a grand- 
daughter of the Hon. Richard and Maud Russell, all of Charles- 
town ; he d. Oct. 20, 1743 ; Ms will was dated Dec. 22, 1747. 

2. vii. George, Jr., b. June 4, 1668. 

viii. Sarah, b. ; m. Thomas Rider, of Watertown. 

ix. Mary, b. Dec. 4, 1671 ; m. April 5, 1689, John Earl, of Boston. 

x. Martha, b. ; m. Nov. 29, 1697, John, the second child of John- 

and Elizabeth Barnard Dix. 

xl. Grace, b. June 3, 1680; m. April 13, 1698, John, a son of John and 
Mary (Tufts) Edes; of Charlestown. 

xii Joseph, b. . 

xiii. Rachel, >, . , T , -. , , nnt 

xw. Patience, } twms ' b " Jul ? H ' 169 *' 
The will of George Lawrence, senior, was dated 1707; in it he mentions 
his wife Elizabeth; his two youngest children, Joseph and Rachel; his sons 
George, Benjamin and Daniel; daughters Mercy Baker, living at Yar- 
mouth, Mass., Grace Edes, living at Charlestown ; Elizabeth Whitney, 
living at Stow, Mass. ; Hannah Sawtel, of Groton, Mass. ; Judith Sterns, 
of Cambridge Farms. Mass. ; Mary Flagg, Sarah Rider, Martha Dix, and 
granddaughter Mary Earl. His sous Dauiel and George were appointed 
administrators at the request of the widow. Inventory was dated April 
5, 1709. 

2. George 2 Lawrence (George 1 ), born June 4, 1668; married Mary 

; he died March 5, 1736. Their children were: 

i. Mary, b. Feb. 15, 1696-7. 

ii. George 3d, b. June 2, 1698; d. Aug-. 2, 1773. 

iii. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 9, 1700. ' 

iv. John, b. Feb. 20, 1703-1; d. Aug. 23, 1770. 

v. David, b. July 16, 1706. 

vi. Sarah, b. Jan. 20. 1708-9 • m. 1726, John Baldwin, of Wobura, Mass. 

3. vii. William, b. May 20, 1711. 
viii. Anna, b. March 1, 1713-14. 

3. William 5 Lawrence (George, 2 George 1 ), born May 20, 1711; mar- 

ried, ^November 28, 1734, xMary, the sixth child of Samuel and 
Margaret (Traine) Perry, of Watertown ; she was born September 
7, 1718. Their children were: 

i. Samuel, b. Aug. 7, 1735: m. 1758, Ivlary Clarke, of Med field, Mass. 

ii. Mary, b. ; m. April 18. 1758, Isaac, a son of Isaac and 

Grace (Harrington) Gregory. 
iii. Abigail, b. May 7, 1739; m. Dec. 27, 1772, James Priest, of WalthacK 
iv. Mercy, twin of preceding, b. May 7, 1739. 

v. Willlvm, Jr., b. June 1, 1741 ; m. Oct. 13, 1763, Eannah Hammond. 
vi. Josiah, b. July 16, 1744 ; d. young. 
vii. Josiah, b. Sept. 29, 1745. 

4. viii. Daniel, b. Sept. 29. 1747; m. April 22, 1772, Elizabeth Graves, of 

Sudbury, Mass., by the Rev. Samuel Woodward, of Weston. 
be. Jonathan, b. Feb. 1, 1750; m. Aug. 11, 1773, Lucy Moore, of Sud- 
bury, Mass. 

4. Daniel* Lawrence ( William? George, 2 George 1 ), born September 


















• 


















- 









. 



























1892.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 151 

29,1747; bis "marriage iDtention " was published December 5, 
1772, and both he aiid Elizabeth Graves are recorded as of Weston ; 
he died July 13, 1832; his wife died October 29, 18-40, aged 101 
years. Their children were : 

i. Polly, b. 1774 ; m. Hugh Thompson. 

ii. Betsey, b. 1777; m. George Starkey, of Troy, N. H. See the preced- 
ing article, " The Starkeys of New England," page 148, Family 7. 
iii. Daxeel, t. 1779; m. Lucy Moore, 
iv. Lucy, b. 1781 ; m. Cyrus Coolidge. 
v. Joed*, b. 1783; m. Irene Sewell; afterwards married widow Gorham? 



GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND. 

By Henry F. Waters, A.M. 
{"Continued from page 55.1 

The last will and testament of Richard Gregson deceased the 21 August 
1640, proved 31 August 1640. My dead body to be buried in the church 
of St. Augustins St. Austin's Gate as near and as conveniently as I may 
unto the bones of my deceased wife. To Ephraim Udall of this parish 
forty shillings. To my father in law Mr. Nicholas Flurt and unto Mrs. 
Dorothy his wife and to my dear and loving brother Mr. Henry Gregson 
and unto Edith his wife, to Mr. William Dickins, Mr. John Goddard, Mr. 
Robert Lewis and Mr. Thomas Haford, to every several person thus named 
twenty shillings apiece. To George Gregson that liveth in Paternoster 
Row five pounds. To my servant Anne Hill all the money that she oweth 
me (to be made up twenty shillings). To Mary Arnold my now nurse 
ten shillings. 

I give and bequeath unto my kinsman Thomas Gregson, my now partner, 
and to his wife Mary and to Mr. Thomas Home twenty shillings apiece 
and to Thomas Gregson in New England twenty shillings. To Nicho my 
eldest son whatsoever shall be recovered of Roger Stephens and George 
Burtun or from either of their estates &c. The remainder of my estate 
shall be equally divided unto my aforesaid son Nicholas, John, Thomas, 
Anne and Elizabeth, equal shares, part and part alike. To my now partner 
Thomas Gregson fifty pounds in full satisfaction of what money he doth 
pretend he hath lent unto my cousin Thomas Gregson in New England 
and unto me his natural uncle. To my cousin Richard Gregson of Bristol 
one judgment confessed by one Samuel Oldfield unto Thomas Gregson, 
which the said Thomas assigned to me; also one deed or indenture made 
over by one Roger Clisant, vintner, of Bristol concerning two houses in 
that city &c. My son Nicholas to be sole executor, my father in law Mr. 
Nicholas Hurt, my brother in law Mr. Roger Hurt, my natural brother Mr, 
Henry Gregson, Mr. John Goddard citizen and grocer of London, my first 
cousin Mr. William Dickens gen', Mr. Robert Lewis, citizen and grocer, 
and Mr. William Baker an attorney at the King's Bench, to be overseers. 

Coventry, 116. 

[Thomas Gregson or Grigson of New Haven, Ct., according to Savage (vol. 
2, pp. 315-C), '• came from London to Boston 26 June. 1037, in company with 
Gov. Eaton and John Davenport, was one of the chief men, an active merchant 
and an Assistant of the Colony, first treasurer and first commissioner for the 
union with the other N. E. colonies, lived on the east side of the harbor, sailed 

VOL. XLVI. 13* 



152 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

in January, 1646, for London with Laraberton and ' divers other godly persons ' 
of whom nothing was ever heard, the little vessel having no doubt foundered." 
(See Wirithrop's New England, ed. 1653, vol. ii., pp. 325-6; Johnson's Wonder 
Working Providence, pp. 124, 214-5; and Mather's Magnalia, ster. ed., vol. i. 
pp. 83-4".) He left a widow Jane, who lived to June 4, 1702, one son Richard, 
and, it is said, eight daughters. 

His son Richard 2 Gregson settled at Bristol, England, and his son William 3 
of London had a son William 4 also of London, who March 26, 1736, conveyed 
to Rev. Jouathan Arnold of New Haven, laud in New Haven, formerly the 
property of his ancestor, Thomas 1 Grigson, for building and erecting a church 
thereupon. On the 26th October, 1768, William 6 Grigson of Exeter, a great- 
great-grandson of Thomas, quitclaimed the property to Trinity Church (Ibid. 
57. The deeds are printed in the Collections of the New Haven Colony 
Historical Society, vol. 1, pp. 76-8. See also pp. 48-53, and vol. ii. p. xix.) — 
Editor. 

Mr. Thomas Gregson — (name pronounced as if spelled Grixson) , New 
Haven, one of the first comers, " came." etc., as in Savage. Freeman 18 Feb. 
1639-40, truckmaster 23 Oct 1640, deputy 29 Oct 1640, treasurer May 1641, com- 
missioner 6 Apr 1643, magistrate 26 Oct. 1643, oath of fidelity 1 July 1644. 
Sailed to procure patent in Jan. 1645-6. 

Inventory taken 2 Nov. 1647, presented 7 Dec. 1647 : Laud in 1st Div, West- 
meadow £16,5; land on further side of W. Meadow £5,15; 21 A Meadow £21 \ 
Dwelling house and home lot £48: little house and barn £35. Estate Dr. to 
Mr. Stephen Goodyear, Mr. John Evance, Henry Lindelle, Mr. W ia Hawkins, 
Mr. Davenport, Mrs. Lamberton. M r Malboii, Edward Wigglesworth, Thomas 
Wheeler, Mr. Butler. Mr. Ling, Mrs. Turner, £126,3. Estate Or. by Philip Leeke, 
Burwood of Stratford, Adam Nichols (an adventure in the Susan to Barbadoes), 
Jno. Gregory, £18,7. Real Estate, £246; Personal Estate, £225,19. Total, 
£490,6. Clear Estate, £364,3. Prized by Matthew Gilbert and Richard Miles. 
(Page 12, vol. I., part 1, New Haven Prop. Rec.) 

Distribution, 2 Apr. 1716. to heirs of only son Richard, heirs of Mrs. Anna 
Daniells, heirs of Susanna Crittenden, heirs of Rebeckah Bowers, heirs of Sarah 
Whitehead, daughter Phebe Russell. Page 397, vol. iv., New Haven Prob. Rec. 

He left a widow Jane, who died 4 June 1702. Her will, dated 5 Feb. 1691-2, 
" being aged and weak," " to be buried by her executrix and dear relatives," to 
" daughter Anna Daniel, my house and homelot and the remainder of my up- 
land not yet disposed of at my farm on the east side of New Haven harbor 
(about 30A.). unless some of the children of my son Richard Gregson in 
England come over" (in which event such child is to have them after her death) ; 
" and to daughter Anna Daniel my meadow at my said farm for life, then to her 
daug ter," to " daughter Mary in England 30A of my Third Division near the 
Sperries' farm," *' also to daughter Anna Daniel 6 or 7A of meadow near West- 
field for life, then to those of the children that need it most," to " grand- 
child Ruth Frisbie of Branford 14A of my East Side farm also 15A of said farm 
to daughter Susannah Crittenden," to '"daughter Phebe, 40A in the Third 
Division," to "grandchild Elizabeth Winston, 8A of meadow and 10A of the 
Third Division," to •' grandchild Joanna Thompson, 9 A of Third Division and 
5A. in the Quarter by the west lane after my daughter Daniel's decease," to 
" grandchild Rebecca Thompson, 6A meadow at Westfield (so called) now in 
her possession and 10A of Third Division," to "great-grandchild Elizabeth 
Glover that now lives with me, 9A in the Neck," to " the four children of my 
daughter Whitehead, 6A of Third Division each," daughter Daniel to have all 
movables in the house and be executrix. Witnesses : W m . Peck and John 
Jones. Codicil (verbal) made a short time after the will. 6A of meadow to 
daughter Daniels and after her death to hqr daughter Joanna and her children, 
viz. 3A at South End and 3A at the West Side, also 3A of meadow at South End 
to daughter Susanna Crittenden. Witness Hannah Falconer Witnesses sworn 
in Court 30 July 1702. (Page 298, vol. ii., New Haven Prob. Rec). 

Inventory taken 4 Aug. 1702. House and homelot £80, meadow on the West 
Side cove £24. meadow on the East Side £30, land on East Sideuataken up £15, 
Third Division land £27. Total £198. Debts unknown. Prized by Thomas 
Tattle and Nathaniel Boykin. 

Distribution to Mrs.* Ruth Frisby alias Hoadly, Joanna Thompson, Mrs. 
Susanna Crittenden and Mrs. MaryWyke. (Page 223, vol. iii., New Haven 
Prob. Rec.) 



1892.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 153 

Anna is also called Hannah in the town record of her marriage, and in July, 
1649, Hannah and Rebecca Gregson are wituesses in a trial. I have arranged 
the children as follows : 

i. Richard, was seated in 1656. Returned to England and lived in Bristol, 
ii. Anna, m. [1631] Stephen Daniels, 
iii. Rebecca, m Rev. Johu Bowers. 
iv. Susanna, m. 13 May 1661, Abraham Crittenden, 

v. Sarah, m. 1 1) 12 Dec. 1667, John Gilbert; m. (2) 9 May 1676, Sam- 
uel Whitehead, 

vi. Mary, bapt. 26 Jan. 1639—10, returned to England; m. ■ Wyke. 

vii. Phebe, bapt. 15 Oct. 1643; in. (1) 1673, Rev.' John Whiting, of Hart- 
ford; m. (2) 1692, Rev. John Russell, of Hadley. 
viii. Abigail, bapt. 23 Eeb. 1644-5. 

Francis B. Trowbridge, of New Haven, Ct.] 

John Maplett of the city of Rath, Somerset, Doctor in Physick, 13 
April 1670, proved 7 February 1670. I give and bequeath unto my dear 
sister Mrs. Mary Gorton of Sew England the sum of twenty shillings, and 
to each of her children I give the sum of ten shillings apiece. I give and 
bequeath unto my dear sister Mrs. Elizabeth Ham of London, widow, the 
sum of twenty shillings. To my dear daughter Anne Maplett the sum of 
four hundred pounds to be paid her at the day of her marriage if so be she 
marry with her mother's good liking and consent, otherwise only five 
pounds. To her younger sister my daughter Elizabeth the sum of three 
hundred pounds (on same condition). To my aforesaid daughter Anne 
Maplett all that portion of land and houses in Bristol brought to me by her 
mother at our marriage, being formerly part of the estate of her brother 
Mr. Walter Williams (after the decease of her mother). To my wife my 
house in Bath with the tenement and gardens thereto belonging all lately 
bought of Mr. Thomas Fisher, to be her own forever and at her sole dis- 
posal. She to be sole executrix. Signed, declared and published 31 July 
1670. " Duke, 24. 

[This will was found long a<?o and forgotten. It should have accompanied 
the will of Mrs. Mary Mayplett, the mother of the testator, published in the 
Register for October. 1890 (vol. 44. p. 334). Mrs. Gorton's husband was the 
famous religious disturber, Samuel Gorton. — h. f. w.] 

Symon Winge of St. Clement's Danes, tailor, 28 July J 625, proved 6 
February 1626. To my wife Rebecca one hundred pounds due unto me 

from Mr. Bryam Palmes of — in the Co. of Northampton gen*, and 

sixteen pounds due unto me by Mr. William Palmes geu'. and six pounds 
owing me by Mr. Stafford Palmes and six pounds and a crown due unto 
me from Sir Archball Dugles. To Jane my daughter forty pounds owing 
unto me by Mr. Samuel lieale of Fleet in Devonshire gen', and five pounds 
ten shillings due and owing me by Mr. Holmes of Carshaltou in Surrey 
gen 1 , and also four pounds due unto me by Henry Arthur of Ivybridge gen 1 . 
and forty-two shillings owing me by Mr. Edward Rosse the younger of 
Ashwell in Rutland and five pounds due unto me by Mrs. Dennys for rent. 
To my sister Bridget Smiths twenty shillings. To my godson Henry 
Croswell ten shillings. To my brother John Winge ten shillings if he be 
living. To John Cathin of Barroe in Rutlandshire five shillings. To toy 
said daughter seven and twenty pounds owing me by bond and fourteen 

pounds owing me upon books by Thomas Grove of in Wiltshire gen 1 . 

To my brother Matthew my cloth hose and canvas doublet. To my sister 
Elizabeth ten shillings. To my uncle Stevens and his wife twenty shillings. 
To Thomas Cooper one of my executors my writing deske. 1 do make 



154 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

John Meader of St. Andrew's Holborn, tailor, aud Thomas Cooper of 
Clifford's Inn gen', my sole executors and to each of them forty shillings. 

Skynner, 24. 

John Burnell, citizen and clothworker of London, 15 December 1G03, 
proved 16 August 1G05. My body to be buried in the parish church of 
Stanmore the Great. My goods &c to be valued, appraised and divided 
into three equal Darts, according to the ancient and laudable custom of the 
city of London. The first part to my wife Barbara for so much due to 
her by the said laudable custom. The second part I devise and appoint to 
my five children amongst them equally to be divided; and the third part I 
reserve to myself and to my executrix towards the payment of my funeral 
charges aud of such legacies as I have herein devised. Then follow sundry 
bequests to the poor and to his guild &c. To wife Barbara one thousand 
pounds. To eldest son John one thousand pounds. To brother in law 
Tevis Cruse, remaining in Daulzic, a ring of gold with a death's head 
thereon of the value of four pounds. To my brother Mr. John Cage and 
to my sister his wife, each of them, a mourning gown. To my cousin 
Richard Cage his son a mourning cloak, and to his wife a mourning gown. 
To my brother in law John Swifter, mercer, and Curdela his wife, to each 
a mourning gown. ** Item, I give to my son in law Thomas Morley and 
Katherine, his wife, my daughter, to each of them a mourning gowne." To 
my son in law Richard Ball and Ann his wife, my daughter, to each of 
them a mourning gown. To my cousin Barbara Russell, widow, a mourn- 
ing gown and forty shillings yearly, during life. To my cousin Salomon 
Coke six pounds, thirteen shillings four pence and a mourning cloak. To 

my cousins Mary Church and Willowbee of Dover, widows, forty one 

shillings apiece. To Mr. Willowbee, parson of Stanmore, a mourning 
gown. To sundry servants. To Hilson Swifter, my wife's sister's son, 
five pounds. To my good friend Mr. Robert Cogan a ring of gold with a 
death's head worth three pounds. To Elizabeth Morley, my goddaughter 
and grandchild, fifty pounds in money and unto Katherin Morley, sister of the 
said Elizabeth, forty pounds, and unto Ann Morley, another sister, forty 
pounds, to be paid them at their several ages of seventeen or at their sev- 
eral days of marriage. To Katherin Ball, another of my grandchildren, 
forty pounds in money. To my wife Barbara my manor of Stanmore the 
Great in the co. of Middlesex, in as large and ample manner and form as I 
now enjoy the same by virtue of an assignment thereof made unto me by 
and from John Koyn Esq. and Katherine his wife, with remainder to my 
son Johu &c. To my son John my copyhold messuage or tenement and 
eight acres of land in Stanmore now in the tenure or occupation of Ann 
Bluitt, widow, or her assigns, and thirty acres in my own occupation. To 
son Thomas the copyhold tenement &c. called Fiddell's (with certain land). 
To son William for ever my lease of two messuages &c in Stanmore the 
less, and freehold and appurtenances in Hendon. The remainder to be 
divided among my three sons, John, Thomas and William, and my two 
daughters, Katherine wife of Thomas Morley and Ann wife of Richard 
Ball. The seven hundred pounds each which I have given to my two sons 
in law, in marriage with my daughters, shall be considered parcells of my 
daughters' portions. My wife Barbara to be executrix and my brother in 
law M r John Cage and my sous in law, Thomas Morley and Richard Ball 
to be overseers. Thomas 2Jorley one of the witnesses. Hayes, 58. 

In a codicil made 28 March 1604, reciting certain statutes or recogni- 
zances, indentures of covenants, indentures of defeazance and obligations or 



1892.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. loo 

deeds obligatory, he appoints his friend Thomas Gourney of London, Esq. 
sole executor for and concerning the said statutes or recognizances, &c. 
Proved 2 December 1605. Hayes, 85. 

John Burnell, citizen and clothworker of London, 18 February 1621, 
proved 23 January 1622. My estate to be divided into three parts accord- 
ing to the custom of London, one of which I give and bequeath unto ray 
loving kind and faithful wife, as her due per the said custom. On^ other 
third to be divided equally amongst my children then living, and the other 
third part I give and bequeath as folio weth. Then follow certain legacies 
and bequests to the poor of Barking parish (if dwelling there at the time of 
my death) to be bestowed in seacoles at the fittest season of the year and 
reserved in store for them till the winter and then sold to the needy at cost 
price. To poor children at Christ's Hospital and the poor in St. Bartholo- 
mew's and St. Thomas' Hospital, the poor in Ludgate and the two compters 
in London, the poor of Stan mo re magna " where I was born" &c &c. To 
wife Ann, eldest son John, eldest daughter Barbara Burnell. second daughter 
Ann Burnell, third daughter Katherine Burnell, fourth daughter Elizabeth 
Burnell and son Thomas Burnell. To my virtuous and loving mother 
Barbara Burnell " for the remembraunce of a sonne which whilst he liued 
truely honored her and desired nothinge more then her quiet peace and 
good, and her loue againe was noe lesse towardes me and mine." To my 
brother Thomas Burnell. To my brother William Burnell. To ray sister 
Katherine Morley and my sister Ann Ball (her husband deceased). To 
good wife Hall of Stan more and her children. To Philip Hill of London, 
widow, and Winefrith Lyle. My brother and sister Morley. My servant 
Edward Josselin, goodman Fleminge, Mr. Edward Abbott our vicar of 
Barking. To my mother in law Jone Brownerigg a diamond ring, the first 
gift I gave her daughter my wife. My mother in law Ann Wealch. My 
wife Ann and my brother Thomas Burnell to be executors and the Right 
Worshipful and my especial kind friend Sir Thomas Coventry* knight, H. 
M. Attorn. Gen. and my brother in law Thomas Morley to be overseers. 

Swann, 7. 

Barbara Burnell of Great Stanmore, Midd., widow of John Burnell, 
merchant, deceased, 27 June 1631, proved 18 January 1631. Aged and 
weak. To be buried in the parish church of Stanmore as near the body of 
my late husband as conveniently may be. To Christ's Hospital, St. Thomas 
Hospital, St. Bartholomew's Hospital and the poor therein. To the four 
prisons of Ludgate, Newgate and the two Compters in London and the 
poor therein. To the Co. of clothworkers of London, they to provide for a 
distribution of twelve pence a week in bread to the poor of the parish of 
Stanmore every Sunday in the year, and one pennyworth thereof to the 
parish clerk of Stanmore. and to pay the said parish clerk of Stanmore two 
shillings " to thin tent'! that he shall keep the monument of my said husband 
and myself now standing and being in the church of Stanmore clean with- 
out dust, also to provide four pouuds six shillings in woollen cloth to make 
yearly six waistcoats and six safeguards for six poor women, and five pounds 
a year to a poor scholar of Oxford who intendeth to profess divinity. To 
my brother Swister and his daughters each a mourning gown and to Bar- 
bara his daughter, my goddaughter three pounds to make her a ring. I 
give to my son Morley in money twenty pounds and to my daughter, his 
wife, my silver bason and ewer parcel gilt, my three gilt bowles, my 

* His brother in law (See Pedigree of Sebright in the Harieian Society's Visitations of 
Essex, Vol. 13, p. 289).— h. f. w. 












' 












156 



Genealogical Gleanings in England. 



[April, 



broadest "shole" to lay spoons on, parcel gilt, my porrenger, parcel gilt, 
and my silver sugar box and the spoon used to it &c. To my daughter 
Ann Ball &c. I give to my son Morley and his wife and to my daughter 
Ball and their sons and danghters, mourning cloaks and gowns. I also 
give to my two daughters Katheriue and Anne my wearing linen &c. To 
the children of John Burnell my late son deceased five hundred pounds. 
My executor to sell my " shoverfeet " to set glasses on, my twelve apostle 
spoons, my spout pot, my little "haunce" pot (& certain other silver &c) 
to the utmost value he can. To sons Thomas and William (certain articles 
of silver &c). To cousin Thomas Freeman and hij daughter Barbara. To 
my cousin Gates, my cousin Robinson, my cousin Young and my cousin 
and the children which I shall be godmother and great-godmother anto 
and the children which I am or shall be great-grandmother unto and not 
godmother. To my sons Thomas and William all my linen at my son 
Morley and my daughter Ball's several houses in London. To Thomas 
Morley, son of my son Morley, to Barbara Ball, my daughter Ball's 
daughter, and to Thomas Burnell, son of my son William, thirty pounds 
apiece. To all the children of my sons and daughters. To Elizabeth, now 
wife of my son William. Thomas and James Morley, sons of my said son 
Morley. My son Thomas Burnell to be executor and my son Morley 
overseer. Audley, 7. 

[In my Gleanings for 1884 (Register, vol. 38, p. 419), I gave an abstract of 
the will of Thomas Burnell of this family, who referred to his nephew John 
Morley as " resident in New England." I have no doubt that this reference is 
to John Morley of Charlestownr although he had been dead about five months 
when the will of his uncle Thomas Burnell was written. In his own will, 
proved 2 d 2 d mo. 16G1 (Middlesex Prob. Rep;. Mass.) he mentions wife Constant, 
sister Mrs. Ann Farmer and mother Mrs. Katheriue Morley deceased, and devises 
housing and lands in the manor of Cheshunt, Herts, England, to his wife for 
her life and then to his sister Mrs. Fanner. 

The following pedigrees, taken from the Visitation of London (1633, 34, 35), 
Harleian Society Publications, vol. 17, p. Ill; vol. 15, p. 123, show his lines of 
ancestry, both paternal and maternal. 

JAMES MORLEY=Anne, da. of 



of London, 
Marchant. 



Skeme 
of London, 
Fishmonger. 



James Morley= 
of Stondon in 
co. Hertford. 



Elizabeth, 

wife of William 

Sebright of London, 

Towue Clerk. 



Thomas Morley=Katherine, da. of 
of London, John Burnell of 

Marchant, London, 

liueiDg a° 1634. Marchant. 



John Morley of London a. 1634. 
[afterwards of New England.] 



Thomas. 



James. 



Anne, wife to Thomas Gate, 
Counsellor of the Lawes. 



THOMAS BURNELL of Dover in Kent, gent. 



John Burnell of London=Barbara, da. of Peter Camberlin 
gent, a 1570 of Dansike. 



1. John Burnell of 

London, Marchant. 

mar. Anne, dau. of 

Mr. Sebright. 



! | 

2. Thomas Burnell=He9ter da. of 3. William Burnell=Elizaheth, da. 



of London, Henry Woilaston ofStaumore 
Marchant a 1383. of London, Magna, in Com. 

Drape- r, lined Midd. 

for Alderman of Loudon. 



of John Kin r t 
of Loudon, 
Marchant. 



1. John. 2. Thomas. 



Anna. Katherine. Elizabeth. 



1. Thomas. 



2. John. 3. Henry. 
H. F. Watebs.] 



' 



























1892.] Rev. Stephen Bachiler. 157 



REV. STEPHEN BACHILER. 

By the Hon. Charles E. Batchelder, of Portsmouth, N. H. 
[Continued from page 64.] 

At the very beginning of 1632 Mr. Bacbiler left England for Boston in 
New England. He sailed on the 9th of March, 1631-2, in the vessel 
called the William and Francis, from London, with sixty passengers, and 
after eighty-eight dreary days landed at Boston. Among his fellow travel- 
lers were Gov. Edward Winslow of Plymouth, Rev. Thomas James, Rev. 
Thomas Welde aud Thomas Oliver the famous ruling elder of Boston. On 
the Whale, which arrived May 26, 1632, came Mr. Wilson and Mr. Richard 
Dummer. Most of the Dummers resided at South Stoneham or Swathling, 
where the ancient church bears several Dummer memorials, and this was 
the last residence of Stephen Bachiler in England. A relationship existed 
between the Bachilers and the Dummers which cannot yet be traced.* 

These two ships, the William and Francis and the Whale, were sent out 
by "the Company of husbandmen," sometimes called "the Company of 
London " or " the Company of the Plough," of which company Stephen 
Bachiler was an active and zealous member and was chosen their pastor in 
1629 or 1630.f The energy and zeal with which he labored to increase 
the society and assist as many emigrants as possible to come to New Eng- 
land, is well set forth in a letter of John Dye and others to Mr. Crispe, and 
those members of the Plough Company, then in New England, dated 
London, 8 March, 1631-2, and evidently brought in the William and 
Francis or the Whale.! Mr. Bachiler k * adventured " £100 in the Company 
anu loaned them £37, of which amount £9 was repaid by the freight money 
on his goods. Among the articles he brought over were four hogsheads of 
peas, twelve yards of cloth, two hundred yards of list, a contribution box 
and oaken furniture, which has lasted until this day. Most of the early 
settlers of New England were young, or not past their prime when they 
came to America. Mr. Bachiler was seventy-one when he landed, and yet 
for a score of years thereafter he retained his vigor and for a decade he 
most obstinately contended against Massachusetts Bay in behalf of New 
Hampshire. 

He had planned in England to settle at Newtown (now Cambridge), but 
owing to the disaster which befell the Plough Company in 1631, and having 
received a call from Lynn, Mass., then called Sagus, he proceeded to the 
place last named, where his daughter, Theodate, wife of Christopher Hussey, 
resided. He commenced the exercise of his public ministrations on Sun- 
day, June 8th, 1632, without installation, having formed a church of those 
who desired to join the six or seven persons he brought with him, who 
are said to have been members of the church with him in England. 
The first meeting-house in Lynn was a small, plam building, without bell or 
steeple, and stood on the northeastern corner of Shepard and Summer 
Streets. It was placed in a small hollow, that it might be better sheltered 



* MS. letter of Richard Dummer to Nath'l Bachiler, sen., Hth 4th mo. 1673, " my eossen 
nathaniell bacheier of Hampton." 

t Letter of Rev. Stephen Bachiler to the church in Eoston. Mass. Hist. Coll. Fourth 
Series Vol. VII., 101. 

t Mass. Hist. Coil. Fourth Series, VIL, 92 and 94 note. 



158 Rev. Stephen Bachiler. [April, 

from the winds, and was partly sunk in the earth. It was entered by 
descending several steps.* 

On the first Sunday at Lynn, four children were baptized. Thomas 
Newhall, the first white child born in Lynn, was first presented. Mr. 
Bachiier put him aside, saying " I will baptize my owu child first," meaning 
Stephen Hussey, his daughter's child, born the same week as Thomas 
Newhall. 

Before Mr. Bachiler had been preaching four months at Lynn, he fell 
tinder *'• suspicion *' of having independent ideas, which he was not ready to 
yield at the dictation of others. 

Thereupon the General Court passed the following order. 

" Octob r 3, 1632, Mr. Batchel r is required to forbeare exercising his guifts 
as a past* or teacher publiquely in o r patient, unless it be to those hee 
brought with him, for his contempt of authority, & till some scandles be 
removed."! 

The word " scandals " was ordinarily used in our early history to denote 
some religious irregularity. It was "scandalous" to conduct worship in 
any way not approved by the rulers. It had acquired that meaning in 
England before the emigration.! 

It does not appear how far this order was obeyed. It will be noticed 
that Mr. Bachiler was left free to preach to those he brought over, and no 
doubt he continued his ministrations. At all events after five months this 
prohibition was removed and he was left free to gather a church in Massa- 
chusetts Bay. He was also present at conferences of the ministers of the 
colony, Sept. 17, 1633, and Dec. 19, 1634, the first meeting having been 
called to consider the settlement of Mr. Cotton, and the other to consult 
what ought to be done if a general governor should be sent out of England, 
and whether it be lawful to carry the cross in their banners. § On the loth 
of March, 1635, *' two of the elders of every church met at Sagus, and 
spent there three days. The occasion was, that divers of the brethren of 
that church, not liking the proceedings of the pastor, and withal making a 
question, whether they were a church or not, did separate from church 
communion. The pastor and other brethren desired the advice and help of 
the rest of the churches, who, not thinking fit to judge the cause, without 
hearing the other side, offered to meet • at Sagus about it. Upon this the 
pastor, etc, required the separate members to deliver their grievances in 
writing, which they refusing to do, the pastor, etc., wrote to all the churches, 
that, for this cause, they were purposed to proceed against them as persons 
excommunicated; and therefore desired them to stay their journey, etc. 
This letter being read at a lecture at Boston (where some of the elders of 
every church were present), they all agreed (with consent of their churches) 
to go presently to Sagus, to stay this hasty proceeding, etc. Accordingly, 
being met, and both parties (after much debate) being heard, it was agreed 
that they were a true church, though not constituted, at first, in due order, 
yet after consent and practise of a church estate, had supplied that defect; 
and so all were reconciled. j| 

He was admitted a freeman May 6, 1635. It seems quite probable that 
he was the minister who dissented from the order of banishment of Roger 

* Dow's Hist. Address, Hampton, N. H., 1838. 

t Mass. Colony Records, Vol. I. 

X By '* scandalous ministers " (says De Grey) no more was meant than the being truly 
orthodox, truly conformable to the rules and orders of the church, and faithful and 
obedient subjects- of his majestv. Neal's Hist. Puritans, II., 483, note. 

$ Wmthrop's N. E., I., * 154. |{ Ibid., I. * 1-57. 



1892.] Rev. Stephen Bachiler. 159 

Williams in October, 1635* as his opinions are known to have agreed 
closely with those of Williams, and no minister of the twelve churches 
then established possessed his courage in maintaining unpopular opinions. 
It is to be considered also that he had previously been disciplined for 
departure from the established customs, and within three months was 
again in trouble from the same cause. In January, 1635-0, says Win- 
throp, " Mr. Batcheller of Sagus was con vented before the magistrates. 
The cause was, for that, coming out of England with a small body of 
six or seven persons, and having since received in many more at Sagus, 
and contention growing between him and the greatest part of his church 
(who had, with the rest, received him for their pastor), he desired dis- 
mission for himself and his first members, which being granted, upon sup- 
position that he would leave the town (as he had given out), he with 
the said six or seven persons presently renewed their old covenant, in- 
tending to raise another church in Sagus; whereat the most and chief of 

■ ■ .... 

the town being offended, for that it would cross their intentions of calling 

Mr. Peter or some other minister, they complained to the magistrates, who, 
forseeing the distraction which was like "to come by this course, had for- 
bidden him to proceed in any such church way until the cause were 
considered by the other ministers, etc. But he refused to desist. Where- 
upon they sent for him, and upon his delay, day after day, the marshal was 
sent to fetch him.f Upon his appearance and submission and promise to 
remove out of the town within three months he was discharged. "% Peter 
however refused to settle at Lynn, preferring Salem. 

These distractions in the Sagus church continued until Christmas, 1635, 
when a general fast was proclaimed, for that cause and others and presum- 
ably continued until February, 1636, when Bachiler left Lynn and went 
to Ipswich, where he received a grant of fifty acres of land and a prospect 
of settlement, but from some reason, not yet explained, the plan miscarried. 
It was about this time, on the 17th of April, 1637, that Rev. R. Stansby 
writes Rev. John Wilson from England that he is grieved that " Others 
laye downe the ministry and become private members, as Mr. Bacheler, 
Mr. Jenner, and Mr. Nathan Ward, &c." He adds that this fact and 
others of like nature were now much talked about, and that many worthy 
people were prevented from emigrating to New England for these reasons, 
and suggests that greater liberty be granted in the admission of members 
to the church."§ 

Under Mo. 1, 1637-8 Winthrop says, "Another plantation was now in 
hand at Mattakeese (now Yarmouth), six miles beyond Sandwich. The 
undertaker of this was one Mr. Batchellor, late pastor at Sagus (since 
called Lynn), being about seventy-six years of age; yet he walked thither 
on foot in a very hard season. He and his company, being ail poor men, 
finding the difficulty, gave it over, and others undertook it."j] 

The inducement which led him to attempt a settlement at Yarmouth 
was undoubtedly the fact that in 1637 a large number of his former parish- 
ioners removed from Lynn and commenced a settlement at Sandwich, near 
Yarmouth, under a grant from Plymouth Colony.1I Bachiler's settlement is 

* Winthrop's N. E., I.,* 170, 171. 

t The arrest of a minister by a marshal caused much gossip throughout the country. 
See Rev. James Parker's protest to Gov. Winthrop on being so arrested. Mass. Hist. Coll. 
Fourth Series, Vol. VII., 441. 

% Winthrop's N. E., I., * 176. 

\ Mass. Hist. Coll., Fourth Series, Vol. VII., 10, 11, 12. 

I Winthrop's N. E., I.,* 260. 1 Lewis's Hist. Lynn, 169. 

VOL. XL VI. 14 






















































•'• 




• 


















160 Rev. Stephen Bachiler. [April, 

said to have been made in that part of Barnstable (then Yarmouth)' called 
Old Town, and was about one hundred miles from Ipswich where he resided. 
His next removal was to Newbury, where, on the 6th of July, 163<S. the 
town made him a grant of land, and on the 7th of October, 1638, the 
General Court of Massachusetts, in order to be rid of a troublesome pastor 
and also to strengthen their claim to the territory more than three miles 
north of the Merrimac, granted Mr. Stephen Bachiler and his company, 
who had petitioned therefor, liberty to begin a plantation at Winnicunnet, 
now called Hampton, N. H. On Tuesday, October 1G, 1638, the settle- 
ment was begun, the journey from Newbury being made in a shallop. On 
the 7th of June, 1639, Winnicunnet was made a town, and further about 
the same time the said plantation (upon Mr. Bachiler's request made known 
to the court) was named Hampton.* This name was most probably gi^en 
in honor of Hampton, that is, Southampton, in England. The addition 
" South " was a late addition to distinguish this town from Hampton in 
Mercia. Win thro p in his History of New England repeatedly refers to 
Southampton as Hampton. f It will also be remembered that South Stone- 
ham, adjoining Southampton, and in the gift of St. Mary's of Southampton, 
was the last residence of Mr. Bachiler in England. In 1639 the inhabitants 
of Ipswich voted to give Mr. Bachiler sixty acres of upland and twenty 
acres of meadow, if he would reside with them three years. He preferred 
his settlement at Hampton. On the 5th of July, 1639, he and Christopher 
Hussey sold their houses and lands in Newbury for " six score pounds,' 7 
and thereafter his entire interest was with the Hampton settlement. The 
town in 1639 granted their pastor three hundred acres of land for a farm 
besides his house lot, and he gave them a bell for the meeting house. This 
bell remained in use until about February 15, 1703-4, when the town 
voted that the selectmen should agree with William Partridge Esq., to pro- 
cure the town a good one from England of about one hundred and thirtie 
weight and that they send to him the ould bell that is splitt to make of 
that what the sd Mr. Partridg can towards the paying for a new one. J 
The farm was laid out to him in the ext erne southern limits of Hampton 
adjoining Salisbury. In the Hampton record book containing the grants 
in the year 16-4-1 and 1658, copied according to the town vote, concerning 
the copying of grants with witnesses, if necessary, is the following : 

To Steven Bachiler sometimes of Hampton. 

1. Impr. nine acres & half of upland granted unto him, for a house lott : — 

2. & five acres of upland aded to the south-east end thereof: fonrtenth acres 
& half : granted unto him : laying between the upland of John Sambom to words 
the south-west; & the upland of Christopher hussey towords the north-east 
abutting upon the meeting-house green in pt & upland of John Sambom in pt 
towords the south-east : more or less as it is layd out. 

3. Item abought fower acres of swampy grownd granted unto him: layeing 
between the ground of John Samborns towords the north-east : & the ground of 
Christopher hussey towords the south-west : abutting upon the meeting-house 
green towords the north-west and the Oxe common towords the south-east ; 
more or less as it is layd out. 

4. Item eleven acres medow granted unto him layeing between the medow 
of henery Ambros towords the north : and the medow of William Sambom 
towords the south : abutting upon the upland towords the west : & a common 
wave by the beach towords the east : more or less as it is layd out. 

5. Item foure acres of medow granted unto him : layeing between the medow 
of Richard Swaynes toword the north: &, a common 'wave towords the south, 

• N. H. Provincial Papers, vol. 1, p. 151. f Winthrop's N. E., vol. 1, page 2 et seq. 
X Hampton Records, MSS, Vol. I., 175. 



1892.] Lee of Virginia. 161 

abutting npon certaine upland toTvord the east : & a certain river called Tayler 
river towords the west, more or less as it is layd out. 

6. Item two hundred acres of upland medow & marsh for a farme la} eing 
between the line of Solsberry in pt : & the farme of Mr. Tymothy Daltoii the 
Teacher in pt : & the farme of John Browne in pt towords the south : & the 
farm of Christopher Huse towords the north more or less as it is layd outt. 

7. Itt eight Acres of upland in the East feild lying between the land of Wil- 
liam Samborn towards the south and como[nJ way towards the north abutting 
upon the fresh medow of the s d Mr. Bachelder towards the east and the land of 
John Cliffords towards the west more or less as itt is layd outt. 

The earliest statement of the bounds of Hampton is said to be taken 
from a very old manuscript aud is as follows : '' bounded on the north by 
Strawberry Bank, east by the Atlantic Ocean, south by Salisbury aud west 
by the Wilderness."* Nine entire towns and parts of two towns have since 
been set off or established from territory then belonging to Hampton. 

JTo be continued.] 



LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

By J. Henry Lea, Esq., Cedarhurst, Eairhaven, Mass. 
[Concluded from page 78.] 

The Registers of West Ham, in which parish Stratford-Langton was 
situated, having most unfortunately perished previous to 1G53, it seemed 
possible that something might be gleaued from the adjacent parish of Stepney, 
and there seemed the more reason for this hope as the grandson of Col. 
Richard Lee, Isaac Lee of Virginia, died there in 1727, f which would 
suggest some previous connection of the family with this place. 

Two laborious days were passed in the examination of the very volumin- 
ous Records of this large parish, in which time the writer searched the 
Baptisms and Marriages from their beginning in 1568 to 1609, aud the Bap- 
tisms alone to 1638, but without tangible result, and the search was accord- 
ingly abandoned at this point.t A significant fact, however, may be noted 
in the frequent occurrence of the well known Virginia names of Bland, 
Fairfax and Lightfoot, while that of Hancock is not infrequent. The names 
of Fulk and Gilbert Lee are also suggestive, these being both characteristic 
family names in the Shropshire line, and it is also noteworthy that Sir 
John Lee, Knt., of Stepney, was grandson of Humphrey Lee of Bridgnorth 
in Salop,§ another of the names so identified with the Lees of Langley, 
although the arms of this family are totally different from the latter. j| 

* New York Observer, about September, 1S82. 

f See his will in Mr. Watcrs's Gleanings in Register, vol. xliv. p. 391. This Isaac was 
certainly the Ron of Hancock Lee, for proof of which see will of his grandfather, Isaac 
Ailerton, cited in Register, xliv. p. 292, by which it will be seen that Hancock's wife was 
not Elizabeth bat Sarah, aa error which has evidently prevented the previous identiiication 
of Isaac Lee. 

J The writer's most cordial thanks are due to the Rev. G. W. Hill, the rector, aud his 
assistant, Rev. W. H. Frere. for courtesy shown in this tedious and troublesome task. 

§ See pedigree in London and Middlesex Note Book by W. P. W. Pfrillimore, No. 2, 
July, 1891. 

!i Arms granted Dec. 20, 1593. to Lee of London and of BillesLy, co. Warwick :— Arg. a 
fesse Sa., in chief two pellets, in base two martlets of the second. Crest: — A Talbot's 
head Arg., collared Az., to the collar a ring and line of the last.— Edmondson's Heraldry, 
London, 1780. " 



162 Lee of Virginia. [April, 

The writer's intention had been to print the results of the' Stepney 
search in full, but in view of the extreme improbability of the connection 
of most of the many Lees found there with the family in question, he has 
decided to give only the few extracts which follow. 

Registers of St. Diuistan-in-the-East y Stepney, Middx. 

Marriages. 
1604 — Maye — ffowlke Lee of Ratclif & Rabbidge Hawkins of ye same, 

married vi day. 
1605 — December 1 — Thomas Singleton of shad well & Margaret Ivey of 

the same widow. 

Baptisms. 
1595 — Aug. 10 — Agnes daughter of Gilbert Ley of Ratcliffe. 
1598 — June 25 — Andrew sonn of Gilbert Ley of Ratclif. 
1600— Nov. 18— Mary daughter of Gilbert Lea of Ratclif. 
1605 — Noueb. 2 — John sonn of ffookes Lee of Ratclif, Sailler 
1607 — Oct. 11 — PhHlipp sonn of tfowkes Lee of Ratclif, sailler. 
1615 — Apr. 6 — William sonn of Mr. John Lee of Mylend, gent, of xv 

daies ould.* 
1619 — May 11 — Katherine daughter of S r John Lee of Myleend knight & 

Sara his wife 11 clays old. 

1610. — Nuncupative Will of Gilbert Lee of Stepney. 

In the Name of God Amen abowte the first day of Jan. A. d. 1610, 
according to ye computation of the Church of England, Gilbert Lee of 
Ratcliffe in the pish of Stepney ats Stebneth in the Com of Middx, Mar- 
riner, being at sea aborde the good shipp called ye vnion of London, being 
some what ill but of p'fect minde & memory, called for one M r Bradshaw a 
merchant in the said shipp & signified vnto him that he hath made his will 
but was purposed to alter it, where vppon M r Bradshaw demanded what his 
will or purpose was or words to this effect — Mary quoth the said Gilbert 
Lea my will or minde is that my brother Anthony Briant & his wife shall 
have all that estate I have or words to ye like effect, sauing twenty pounds 
that I give tomy brother, meaning his brother Lee, & other ten pounds 
that I give to one of myne name dwelling in St. Catherines And I make 
the said An thouy Bryant & his wife ex tors of my will & testm* or words to 
the like efl'ecte where vppon M r Bradshaw made this will w ch was acknow- 
ledged by the said Gilbert Lee the testator before diuers witnesses & his 
former will cancelled w ch will soe composed in wrighting cannot yet come 
to the hands of the said Ex tors but was to ye effecte as aforesaid. Witnesses 
of the truth of the p'mises — Thos. Peerce his mark, Ralph Wilson, pilot, 
John Bingle, Mr. Bullock ye surgeant, Pro. 22 July 1611 by Anthony & 
Anne Briant. Com. Ct. Lond., Vol. 21, fo. 353. 

* Mr. John Lee, afterward Sir John Lee, Knt., was Churchwarden of this parish in 1612 
and many subsequent years. He resided in Whitehorse street, and was the third of three 
distinguished brothers, sons of Sir Robert Lee. Knt., Mayor of London, 1602-3, ail of 
whom were knighted for their pubiic services. He was knighted before 1616 (22 Jan. 
1615-6 at Theobald's Inn, London, see Metcaif s Book of Knights p. 166), his name as 
a knight occurring in the list of Churchwardens of that year. In 1618 ho was made Keeper 
of the Ordinance Stores at the Tower. He married first to Sarah Woodward, who died in 
1625 iand was buried at Stepney, December 27th of that year; and second to Joan Lott, 
widow of Henry Lott of Stepney, license dated 5 November, 1633. He was buried 16 
November, 1642. (Stepney Memorials, Pt. II., fo. 61.) His daughter Catherine {see her 
baptism) married William Culham of St. Catherine Creechurch, Girdler, her father's' 
consent being attested by her brother Robert Lee, allegation dated 8 June, 1635j and in 
which she is called 20 years of age— an evident error. (Harl. Soc. xxvi. 222.) 

































































. 












1892.] Lee of Virginia. 163 

1611. — Will of fFolke Lee (of Stepney in Act Booh) weake of body; 
Dated 2G fTeb. 1611; is indebted to Thomas Steward, Pusser, & to Luke 
Nott, who are to be payed out of Callicoes w ch are in my Cheist; to wife 
one third of money or goods dewe me ; youngest son John Lee other third ; 
to Thomas Harris* a? motley gown; wiefe Executrix; Overseer — William 
Marten; Wit: William Hughes, Thomas Harris & Walter Woodwarde; 
Pro. by Robridge, relict & Extra: named in will, 1-1 July 1614. 

Com. Ct. Land., Vol. 22, fo. 341. 

The following will was only found after the preceding MS. had been sent 
to the printer, and, with the Admons which accompany it, gives room for 
much speculation. 

We have here still another Lee connected with Stratford Langton in the 
first half of the 17th century and, from what we now know of Col. Richard 
Lee's connection with the Lees of Salop, we cannoi doubt that this 
Humphrey was his near kinsman. That he was the so long sought father 
is very improbable, as Richard is not named in his will, but he may well 
have been a brother or, more probably, an uncle of the emigrant. The 
name of Humphrey is common to all branches of the Shropshire family, 
but that of Walter seems to point to that branch which became extinct in 
England with the death of Sir Richard Lee, Bart., of Langley and xicton 
Burnell in April, 1660.J 

The connection of Humfrie Lee with the parish of St. Olaves in South- 
wark is also noteworthy, as this was the residence of yet another of the 
Salop family, i. e. that Richard Lee who married Elizabeth Laugdon and 
who was so absurdly identified with Col. Richard,! with even less rhyme 
or reason than was shown in the attempt to affiliate him with the Quarren- 
don Family in the person of Sir Robert Lee's deceased infant son Richard. § 
Still another brother of the first named Richard is known to have resided 
in St. Olaves, i. e. Thomas Lee. draper, who was deceased in 1681, leaving 
issue, as we know by reference in will of his brother, Lancelot Lee, Citizen 
& Fishmonger of London (by Company, but draper by trade). || 

The Admon. of Edward Lockey is also most interesting, as showing one 
of the Lockey family (perhaps a brother of that John Lockey who was 
Executor of Col. Richard's will, but, most unfortunately, the Lockey family 
seem to have had an unbusiness-like habit of dying intestate, so that we 
have no light on the connection between them,) as settled in Virginia and 
as dying in the parish of St. Catherine Creechurch in London. Comparison 
of the pedigree of the family of George Lee of this parish and their known 
connection with Stratford Langton and St. Catherine's will at once show the 
great importance of this reference. 

16-45. — Humfrie Lee, Citizen & Haberdasher of London, weak in bodie; 
Dated 24 June, 21 Chas., 1645; To poor of Westham, Essex, £3; wife 
Marie Lee lands &c in psh of Christ Church, London, for life, she paying 
£20 yerely to sonne Walter Lee & with remainder to him, also a lease I 
hold of Sr Jate&'Afc*Ileiy& also lease of 8<temaU'*fi St. Martins, Ludgate, 

* In this connection the following extract from the Stepney Registers is mo>t suggestive : 
1624 — May 1— Jn'J sonne Jd" Harris of Virginia, gent, & Dorothy his wife, borne in the 
house of Edward Lymbery of Lyme House mar : the same day — {baptized). 
f Burke's Extinct & Dormant Baronetages, ed. 1341, fo. 305. 
+ Mead's Gen. Hist, of the Lee Family » New York, 1871. 

6 Descent Geu. ft. E. Lee of Virginia, by Rev. F. G. Lee, D.C L., <£c, London, 1884. 
|| Will of Lancelot Lee, Linen Draper, Cit. & Fishmonger of Land.-, dat. 29 Mar., pro. 21 
Apr. 1681, names bro. Thomas Lee of Southwark, deed., his two ch. Lancelot & Hester. 

P.C. C. North, 60. 
VOL. XLVL 14* 









































- 


























164 Lee of Virginia. [April, 

London, wch I hold from the Co. of Goldsmiths, for her life, with rem. to 
such of her child, as shalbe most dutiful, & to her also the house where I 
aow dwell situate in Stratford Langthorne, in psh of Westham, co. Essex, 
for her life & she to dispose of same to her child, at her decease & to her 
all household stuff with rem. to child.; to sonne Samuell Lee the tenmt or 
Taverne neere the Mooregate. Lond. called the Salutation Taverne, where 
one Dawes now dwelleth, he paying to his mother, my wife, £15 yearely; 
sonne Walter Lee lands in psh of St. Olaves, Southworke, co. Surrey, 
called Crosse Keyes & Crosse Keyes Allie, he paying to his brother, my 
sonne Jeremy Lee, £20 yearly for life; to dau. Mary Long the lease I now 
hold of Deane & Chapter of Paulls; dau. Hanna Geerlnge lease of 2 houses 
in Mugwell Streete, Lond. ; dau. Sarah Maninge the lease I now hold of 
one Poinntarie Gulstoune; to sonne John Lee £100 out of my Bills of 
publiq faith when ye same shalbe paid in; grdau. Marie Sharpe the same 
bequest to be in her mother, Hanna Geeriuge's, use; grchild Humfrey 
Manige £15 out of Bills of publique faith to use of his fl'ather Thomas 
Maninge; balance of estate to be div. amongst children; sonne Walter Lee 
Executor; all servants with me at decease 40s. each; Wit: Thomas ffoweU, 
Robert Glover, John Heath & Anthony Mylls. Probate 5 Jan. 1645. to 
Executor named in will. P. C. C. Twisse, 7. 

Administrations. 

1661— Lee, Gualterus Middx. Mar. 

(This from the Calendars ; unfortunately the Act Books for the year 1661 
have perished. The two following entries however will no doubt supply all 
the information that could have been obtained from that which is lost.) 

1666 — May 28 — Commission was issued to William Dawson, principal 
Creditor of Walter Lee, late of the parish of St. Giles-in-the-Fields, co. 
Middlx., to administer &c. Mary Lee, the relict, having deceased without 
having fullv administered. Former grant made in March 1661. {Margi- 
nal note refers to 1667.) P. C. C. Act Bk., fo. 112.' 

1667 — June 25 — Commission issued to John Lee, nat. & legit, brother 
of Walter Lee, late of the parish of St. Giles-in-the-Fields, deed, to ad- 
minister goods &c not administered by Mary Lee the relict, to whom 
letters of admon. were issued, " sic ut prefertur inadministrand cuidam 
Wm: Dawsou als mense Maij 1666 concess prius revocat pront ex actis 
Curiae Liquet, g decent."* P. C. C. Act. Bk., fo. 103. 

1667 — Edward Lockey. Gilbert, Proctor of Diocese of Arch, of Can- 
terbury &c &c to Richard Walton of parish of St. Catherine Creechurch, 
London, Merchant Tailor, Greeting. Whereas Edward Lockey, late of 
Virginia in the West Indies, but in parish of St. Catherine Creechurch, 
London, deceased, was whilst he lived & at time of his death seized of cer- 
taiu goods &c in sundry Dioceses, the said Richard Walton is empowered 
to sell all such goods to best advantage & to make return of same to Sir 
William Merricke, Knt, Dr of Laws &c, Registrar of sd Conrt, dated last 
of October, 1667. 

Inventory of Edward Lockey, late of Virginia, planter, taken 21 Oct, 
1667, by Robert Jackmon, Ralph Ashenden, William Drope, Marke Wark- 

* The wording of the last part of this Act being somewhat unusual, it has been transcribed 
•verbatim. It would appear thai this Walter Lee died abroad, perhaps in Virginia. This 
fact is not referred to in the previous Act, although no doubt it is mentioned in the first one 
•which has now perished. 










































. 


















1892. Lee of Virginia. 165 

man & William Barrett. (Consists of wearing apparell & a large quantity 
of tobacco valued at 2^ d per pound). 

Sume totall CCxlvj 11 xj 9 xj d . 

P. C. C. Act Bk, fo. 143. 

In conclusion, the following will is interesting as showing a member of 
the Shropshire family (this Gilbert was the son of John and Joyce (Rom- 
ney) Lee of Coton & Nordley Regis) as resident at Tolleshunt Darcy in 
Essex, a few miles to the North East of Stratford Langton, in the early 
part of the 17th century. To requests for permission to examine the 
Registers of this parish, which date from 1560, no answer has as yet been 
obtained. 

1621.— Will of Gilbert Lee of Tolson Darcye, co Essex, Esq; Dat. 4 
July 1621; Pro. 12 Oct 1621; Names nephew John Lee, gent; wife 
Elizabeth Lee; friends William Herbert, Esq., John Gough. gent, & 
Xpofer Awbrey, gent.; brothers Richard Lee & Josias Lee, gent; wife's 
dau Susan Pigott ; nephew John Lee Executor ; Wit. Chr : Awbrey, 
George Shorte & Cardin ffantres. P. C. C. Dale, 84. 

This completes the evidence now in hand, but it is the writer's intention 
to devote his earliest leisure to the careful study of the pedigree of the 
English family, of which he has now probably the most perfect & fully 
corrected copy in existeuce, and by following out each of the cadet branches 
of this he hopes to attain that success which has so far failed to crown his 
efforts in working backward from the Emigrant. 

A thorough search of the Parish Registers of St. Catherine Creechurch, 
St. Olaves Southwark, St. Giles-in-the-Fields, and perhaps others, as well 
as an exhaustive search of the Gloucester and Worcester Probate Courts, 
would seem to be the next step involved in the clearing up of the 
mystery which still shrouds the parentage of the Virginian Emigrant, but 
the labor and expense attendant on such a search would be so great that it 
is probable that none but a member of the family actually interested would 
care to undertake it. The writer has already devoted much time that he 
could ill aiford to waste on this work, but is well rewarded by the thought 
that he has done something towards clearing the history of a gentle and 
honorable family from the cloud of doubt thrown over its origin by the 
inconsiderate zeal of those who have hap-hazarded so wildly on the subject. 



Since the publication of the earlier pages of this, the writer is in receipt of 
several letters from members of the family and others endorsing and accepting 
the conclusions reached: one of which contains the following inscriptions and 
letter, the latter an answer to the letter already printed (Mead's Lee Family, p. 
65) from William Lee, Esq., of London, to Dr. Harry Lee of Winchester College, 
and which gives additional weight to the statement made (see p. 65) of the 
relationship claimed and allowed on both sides of the Atlantic. 

This Monument was erected to the memory of the Honourable Col° 
Thomas Lee (Commander in Chief & President of his Majesties Council 
for this Colony, descended from the very ancient & Honourable Family of 
Lees in Shrop-shire in England, who dyed November 14, 1750, aged 60 
years) & of the Hon 1 Mrs Hannah Lee, his Wife, by Philip Ludwell Lee, 
their eldest Son, as a just & dutyfull Tribute to so excellent a Father & 
Mother, Patterns of conjugal virtue: they are buried eighteen Mile;: from 
this, in the Family burying place called the old ..... * in Cople Parish 
in this County &c &c (The rest being poeticalinscription). 

* Paper torn and this word obliterated* 

































































































' 















166 Lee of Virginia, [April, 

On the Grave Stone: 
Here lies buryed tbe Honourable Col° Thomas Lee, who deed November 

14, 1750 aged 60 his loved wife M r3 Hannah Lee, she dep . . . 

January 2-3, 17-19-5U, their Monument is erected in . ... lower Church of 
Washington Parish, in this County . . . miles above their County seat 
Stratford Hall * 

Sir 

I return you Thanks for your civil & polite Letter & likewise my 
good Friend M r Batson for making me known to you. I wish it was in my 
Power to give you that Intelligence which you so earnestly desire of y e 
Genealogy of our Family. The Pedigree which my Father left behind 
him, is now in the Possession of my elder Brother which, to the best of my 
Remembrance traces our Family from the Saxon Government. As He is 
abroad, I cannot procure it from him, but I have sent to another Relation, 
who I believe has a Copy of it. As to myself, being a younger Brother, 1 
never made a deep Enquiry into the Origin of our Family. As far as my 
Knowledge extends I will reveal to you. My Grandfather Tho: Lee who 
was a Barrister of Lav/ Lincolns Inn married a Daughter of John Eldred 
of Great Saxham in Norfolk, from which Alliance I'm related to William 
of Wykeham. He left several children, the eldest was my Father — another 
Son who settl'd in Wiltshire & has left Children behind him. The Third 
a Clergyman who had Issue but are now dead. The Heir to the Lee in 
Wiltshire is a young Man in the Army. He has two Brothers & several 
Sisters. The Second is a Linen Draper in London, & the youngest is now 
at School here & upon the Foundation, as a Founder kinsman. He is one 
of the Senior Boys of the School, & I hope will soon succeed to New 
College in Oxford. My own Family are numerous One Brother & Seven 
Sisters who are married & dispers'd. As soon as I can get a perfect 
Account of our Family you shall hear from me. In the mean Time, if you 
shou'd have a Desire of seeing your young Relation whom you have been 
so kind as to send to Winchester School, you will make my Wife & Me 
extremely happy by favouring us with your Company. You may depend 
upon it, I shall not fail paying my Respects to you the first Time I go to 
London. My Brothers Wife is now with me, she leaves me Friday next 
in order to go to her Husband. He gives but a very indifferent Account 
of himself in his Letters. I shall desire my Sister to communicate the 
Contents of your Letter to him. We are not related to the Earl of Litch- 
field. There is a Doctor Lee in London, a Physician, & I'm inform'd bears 
our Arms, whether he is related to us or not, I know not. My Sister & 
Wife join in Comp lt3 to you, with 

Dear Sir 
Your most obedient Servant 

Win: Coll: Sept r 12. 1771. & Kinsman (signed) Harry Lee. 

(Direction) William Lee Esq' 

Great Tower hill 
London. 
Sealed with arms of Lee of Langley (with 10 billets). 

(Endorsed) Winchester 1771 Dr Harry Lee Sept. 1 2 th Rec d Sept 13 th 
Answ d fully Oct. 2G. 1771. Paid Pos. /3 ent. P. B. fol 21. In answer to 
mine of the 9 th ab* our Family & his alliance to W m of Wykeham. 

* Copied from an old paper in a fragmentary condition in the hand-writing of Richard 
Henry Lee, without date but supposed to be about 17G5 or thereabouts. 



1892.] Marriages of East Parish, Bridgewater, Mass. 167 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES SOLEMNIZED IN THE EAST 
PARISH OF BRIDGEWATER, MASS. 

From March 4, 1725, to August 3, 1803, 

By the Rev. John Angier (settled 1724, died April 14, 1787), and the Rev. Samuel 
Angier, his son and colleague (settled 1767, died Jan. 18, 1805). 

Communicated by the Rev. Henry F. Jenxs, A.M., of Canton, Mass., from the original 

manuscript in the possession of Miss Mary H. Rust, of East Bridgewater, 

great-great-granddaughter of the Rev. John Angier. 

f Concluded from page 57.] 
1787. 

Febry. loth. — Joseph Keith ye 2d & Betsey Sherman, both of Bridgwater. 

Febry. 20th. — Asa Forrest of Halifax & Susa Mitchell of Bridgwater. 

March 1st. — Ephraim Tinkham of Middieborough & Molly Gurney of 
Bridgwater. [water. 

March 20th. — Samuel Whitman, Junr. & Hannah Egerton. both of Bridg- 

April 3d. — Turner Phillips & Huldah Whitman, both of Bridgwater. 

April 5th. — Benjamin Tayler & Martha Childs, both of Bridgwater. 

May 17th. — Oliver Pratt & Susanna Lowden, both of Bridgwater. 

June 21st. — Dyer Robinson & Abigail Stetson, both of Bridgwater. 

August 23d. — Jacob Pool, Junr. of Abington & Zeruiah Whitmarsh of 
Bridgwater. 

September 20th. — Jonah Besse & Eunice Washburn, both of Bridgwater. 

Novbr. 1st. — Seth Allen Whitman & Philebert Whitman, both of Bridg- 
water. 

Novbr. loth. — Benjamin Pinchin & Molly Stetson, both of Bridgwater. 

Novbr. 22d. — Daniel Cushmg & Zeruiah Chamberlain, both of Bridgwater. 
Carry 'd to the Town Clerk to be recorded, Janry. 8th. 1788. 

1788. 
Janry. 10th. — Seth Gurney and Rebecca Packard, both of Bridgwater. 
Febry. 20th. — James Lincoln of Cohasset in the County of Suffolk & Nabby 

Mitchel of Bridgwater. 
March 17th, — Alexander Terril & Lydia Bryant, both of Bridgwater. 
March 27th. — Nathan Whitman & Mercy Byram, both of Bridgwater. 
April 3d. — Timothy Allen & Ceiia Whitman, both of Bridgwater. 
May 14th. — William Harris & Alice Mitchel, both of Bridgwater. 
July 10th. — Isaac Allen of Bridgwater & ye Widow Susanna Allen of 

Brookfield. [water. 

July 23d. — Josiah Parris of Pembroke & Experience Lowden of Bridg- 
Octob'r 7th. — Ebenezer Whitman, Junr. & Lydia Whitman, both of 

Bridgwater. 
Octob'r. 16. — George Byram & Phebe Randal, both of Bridgwater. 
Octob'r. 22d. — Solomon Johnson & Sally Robinson, both of Bridgwater. 
Novbr. 25. — Israel Cowing of Scituate & Rebecca Wade of Bridgwater. 
Carry'd to ye Town Clerk to be recorded, April 7. 1789. 

1789. 

April 2d. — Joel Edson & Hannah Packard, both of Bridgwater. 

April 16th. — Benjamin Strowbridge of Middieborough, & Elisabeth Whit- 
man of Bridgwater. 

































' 









■ 












168 Marriages of East Parish, Bridgeicater, Mass. [April, 

April 23d. — Mark Phillips, Junr. & Celia Chamberlain, both of Bridg- 
water. 

Sept. 10th. — Nathan Bates of Abington & Betty Allen of Bridgwater. 

Sept. 24th. — Daniel Bryant of Watertown & Jennit Mitchell of Bridg- 
water. 

Octob'r. 20th. — William Keith, Junr. & Abigail Russel, both of Bridgwater. 

Novbr. 5th. — Noah Hobart of Abington & Deborah Winslow Thomas of 
Bridgwater. 

Decembr. 31st. — Israel Bailey & Lucy Whitman, both of Bridgwater. 
Carry'd to ye Town Clerk to be recorded, April 19th, 1790. 

1790. 
May 13th. — Noah Packard of Dartmouth & Polly Packard of Bridgwater. 
June 10th. — Noah Ramsdale of Abington & Hittie .Whitmarsh of Bridg- 

water. 
June 16th. — Oakes Whitman & Susanna Barrell, both of Bridgwater. 
August 9th. — Samuel Rogen & Betty Allen, both of Bridgwater. 
Sept. 13th. — Luther Hatch of Hanover & Molly Whitman of Bridgwater. 
Novbr. 23d. — Winslow Thomas & Polly Cole, both of Bridgwater. 
Decembr. 9th. — John Porter 2d & Susa Groves, both of Bridgwater. 

1791. 

Janry. 25th. — William Soul of Halifax & Rachel Dillingham of Bridg- 
water, [water. 

Janry. 27th. — Benjamin Harris, Junr. & Sarah Mitchel, both of Bridg- 

March 22d. — Reuben Tomson & Eunice Whitman, both of Bridgwater. 

March 24th. — Barzee Kingman & Molly Phillips, both of Bridgwater. 

April 14th. — Jacob Mitchel & the Widow Jerusha Latham, both of Bridg- 
water. 

Carry'd to the Town Clerk, to be recorded April 23d, 1791. 

June 13th. — Oliver Mitchel & Armelia Gannett, both of Bridgwater. 

August 1st. — Seth Byram & Matilda Whitman, both of Bridgwater. 

Sept. 29th. — David Byram & Lucy Rardal, both of Bridgwater. 

Octobe'r 26th. — George Briggs of Norton & Elisabeth Whitman of Bridg- 
water. 

Novbr. 14th. — David Howard & Rebecca Whitman, both of Bridgwater. 

and also Timothy Alien & ye Widow Betty Keith, both of Bridgwater. 

Novbr. 17th. — Zenas Whitman & Sally Allen, both of Bridgwater. 

1792. 

March 12th. — Henry Thornberry Smith & Prisciila Brown, both of Bridg- 
water. 

March 16th. — Libeus Washburn of Plymton & Alice Keith of Bridgwater. 
Carry'd to y e Town Clerk to be recorded, April 26th, 1792. 

May 3d. — Thomas Snell & Susanna Allen, both of Bridgwater. 

May 17th. — Daniel French & Rhoda Tribou, both of Bridgwater. 

July 4th. — Josiah Keen & Hannah Whitman, both of Bridgwater. 

Octob'r. 22d. — John Boyd of New York & Jane Orr of Bridgwater, 

Novbr. 1st. — Zenas Keith & Jane Cary, both of Bridgwater. 

Novembr. 29th. — John Quincy Keith & Mary Hudson, both of Bridgwater. 

1793. 

Janry. 21st. — Josiah Johnson, Junr. & Olive Orcutt, both of Bridgwater. 

Febry. 7th. — Thomas Hearsey of Abington & Deborah Pool of Bridg- 
water. 



1892.] Marriages of East Parish, Bridgewater, Mass. 169 

Febry. 19th. — Jonathan Kingman, Junr. & Mehitabel Hudson, both of 
Bridgwater. 

Carry'd to y e Town Clerk to be recorded, April 27th, 1793. 
August 22d. — John Lowden & Susanna Clark, both of Bridgwater. 
August 27th. — Bela Reed & Folly Beal, both of Bridgwater. 
Sept. 12th. — Seth Keith & Molly Keith, both of Bridgwater. 
Sept. 2Gth. — Byram Lazell & Jennit Wesley, both of Bridgwater. 

1794. 

Janry 1st. — Lot Ramsdel .& Lucinda Gannet, both of Bridgwater. 

Febry. 24th. — Jarib White of Amherst in ye County of Hamshire & Ruth 
Shearman of Bridgwater, in ye County of Plymouth. 

Carry 'd to ye Town Clerk to be recorded, May 2d, 1794. 

May 29th. — Silas Shaw of Riudge in New Hampshire & Lucy White of 
Bridgwater. 

June 4th. — John Terril Junr. & Rhoda Smith, both of Bridgwater. 

June 11th. — Mr. Nahum Mitchell & Nabby Lazell, both of Bridgwater. 

July 3d. — Calvin Keith & Bethia Stetson, both of Bridgwater. 

July 17th. — South worth Washburn & Rebecca Bisbee, both of Bridgwater. 

August 11th. — Rodolphus Kinsley of Stoughton & Salome Cary of Bridg- 
water. 

also Asahel Allen & Rhoda Tilson, both of Bridgwater. 

Sept. 30th. — John Loring of Turner & Jennett Barrell of Bridgwater. 

Octobr. 20th. — James Lamberton of Ware in ye County of Hamshire, & 
Hannah Chamberlain of Bridgwater. 

Novbr. 6th. — Isaac Alden ye 2d & Ruth Byram, both of Bridgwater. 

Decbr. 4th. — Jacob Louden & Susanna Phillips, both of Bridgwater. 

1795. 

March 5th. — Ezra Whitman, Junr. & Eunice Allen, both of Bridgwater. 

March 17th. — Zebulon Allen & Priscilla Attwood, both of Bridgwater. 
Carry'd to the Town Clerk, April 3d, 1795. 

April 29th. — John Harris & Eunice Young, both of Bridgwater. 

Sept. 1st. — Harlow Harden & Sarah Stetson, both of Bridgwater. 

Sept. 3d. — William Pool of Bridgwater & Sarah Packard of Abington, 

Novbr. 12th. — Eleazar Keith & ye widow Susanna Keith, both of Bridg- 
water, [water. 

Novbr. 19th. — Joseph Thayer of Stoughton & Sarah Richards of Brid^- 

Decembr. 31st. — Ebenezer Noyes of Abington & Betty Ramsdel of Bridg- 
water. 

1796. 

Janry. 21st — Abel Delano of Pembroke & Deborah Pinchin of Bridg- 
water. 

Janry. 26th. — David Allen & Rachel Dunbar, both of Bridgwater. 

also William Bonuey & Molly Dunbar, both of Bridgwater. 

Febry. 9th. — Stephen Snell & Patty Cole, both of Bridgwater. 

March 3d. — Whitcom Stetson of Abington & Lucy Snell of Bridgwater. 

March 10th. — Allen Latham of Bridgwater & Jannett Dunbar of Halifax, 

March 24th. — Timothy Bailey & Anna Whitman, both of Bridgwater. 

March 30th. — Isaac Allen & Metilda Pratt, both of Bridgwater. 
Return'd to ye Clerk, April 23d, 1796. 

July 18th. — Abishai Stetson & Alice Allen, both of Bridgwater. 

Sept. 8th. — Barza Allen & Johanna Bonney, both of Bridgwater. 






. 
























170 Marriages of East Parish, Bridgewater, Mass. [April, 

Novbr. 7th. — Ezra Whitman & Thankful Freelove, both of Bridgwater. 
Decembr. loth. — Zenas Mitchell & Nabby Washburn, both of Bridgwater. 

1797. 
March 15th. — Cyrus Edson & Hannah Hudson, both of Bridgwater. 
April 4th. — Josiah James & Jenny Pegin, both of Bridgwater — Indians. 

N.B. I marry'd the above named Josiah James & Jenny Pegin in ye 

Presence of two white People, & a number of Negroes & Indians. 
April 18th. — Jacob Washburn & Ruth Shaw, both of Bridgwater. 

Returned to ye Clerk, April 28th, 1707. 
June 1st. — David Churchell, Junr. & Molly Hearsey, both of Bridgwater. 
June 28th. — David French & Rachel Hanks, both of Bridgwater. 
July 3d. — Lieut. Ebenezer Cutler of Western in ye County of Worcester, & 

Mrss. Cynthia Sylvester Bonney of Bridgwater in ye County of Plymouth. 
August 31st. — Oliver Hayward & Anna Washburn, both of Bridgwater. 
Sept. 28th. — Sylvester Briggs of Norton & Leah Whitman of Bridgwater. 
Novbr. 30th. — William Vinton & Mary Alden, both of Bridgwater. 
Decembr. 25th. — Mr. John Skinner of Boston & Miss Rebecca Mc Clench 

of Bridgwater. 

1798. [water. 

Janry. 29th. — Benjamin Pinchin Junr. & Polly Whitting, both of Bridg- 

March 1st. — Isaac Lothrop, Junr. of Easton & Celia Keith of Bridgwater. 

April 16th. — John Alden & Debby Robinson, both of Bridgwater. 
Return'd to ye Clerk, June 4th, 1798. 

May 31st. — David Snow Whitman of Bridgwater & Ruth Stetson of Pem- 
broke, [water. 

August 30th. — Eli Blanchard of Abington & Deborah Harden of Brid^- 

O O C3 

October 2 2d. — Theodore Mitchel & Ruhama Newton, both of Bridgwater. 
October 24th. — PIzra Alden & Abigail Vinton, both of Bridgwater. 
Novbr. 22d. — James Johnson, Junr. & Sally Washburn, both of Bridg- 
water, [water. 
Decembr. 20th. — John Crooker of Pembroke & Folly Smith of Bridg- 
Return'd to ye Clerk, March 26th, 1799. 

1799. 

May 2d. — Uriah Brett & Nanny Robinson, both of Bridgwater. 

July 16th. — Seth Beals of Pembroke & Thirza Hatch of Bridgwater. 

July 25th. — Nathaniel Clift & Abigail Byram, both of Bridgwater. 

August 29th. — Joseph Hearsey, Junr. of Abington & Sarah White of 
Bridgwater. 

Sept. 17th. — John Willet of Abington & Lovisa Hatch of Bridgwater. 

Sept. 19th. — Levi Churchill of Plymton & Cynthia Packard of Bridg- 
water. 

Novbr. 14th. — Rev'd. William Briggs of Kittery & Miss Betsy Hudson of 
Bridgwater. 

Novbr. 14th. — Joseph Smith* Junr. & Eunice Muxam, both of Bridgwater. 

Novbr. 14th. — Achish Pool & Susanna Hearsey, both of Bridgwater. 

1800. 

Janry. 8th. — Henry Munro, Junr. of Halifax & Deborah Delano of Bridg- 
water. 

Febry 24th. — Zephaniah Howard & Jennet Latham, both of Bridgwater. 

April 14th. — Seth Latham & ye Widow Elisabeth Hanks, both of Bridg- 
water. 

Return'd to ye Clerk, May 6th, 1800. 



1892.] Marriages of East Parish, Bridgewater, Mass. 171 

Sept. 9th. — John Keith, Junr. & Mehitable Keith, both of Bridgwater. 
Sept. 24th. — John Winnetof Abington & Susanna Brown of Bridgwater. 
Decembr. 11th. — Levi Thomas of Pembroke & Lydia Thomas of Bridg- 
water. 

1801. 

May 21st. — Melvin Holmes of Halifax & Hannah Wade of Bridgwater. 

June 4th. — William Barrel, Junr. & Huldah Bisbee, both of Bridgwater. 

July 1st. — David Keith, Junr. & Lydia Alden, both of Bridgwater. 

Sept. 30th — Samuel Wood & Debby Sherly, both of Bridgwater. 

Octob'r. 6th. — Nehemiah Latham & Hannah Allen, both of Bridgwater. 

Octob'r. 27th. — Samuel Pratt French & Olive Read, both of Bridgwater. 

Novembr. 9th. — Leiut. Bradford Mitchell & Meribah Keen, both of Bridg- 
water. 

Novembr. 2Gth. — Mr. Bartholomew Brown & Miss Betsey Lazell, both of 
Bridgwater. 

1802. 

Janry. 13th. — Solomon Hearsey, Junr, & Sylvia Gurney, both of Bridg- 
water. 

Febry. 10th. — Alpheus Orcutt of Bridgwater & Mercy Pratt of Pembroke. 

Febry. 17th. — Barza Allen & Lucy Baldwin, both of Bridgwater. 

March 4th. — Comfort Carpenter Dresser of Chester in ye State of Vermont, 
& Celia Wade of Bridgwater. 

Returned to ye Clerk, April 26th, 1802. 

1801. 

N. B. The marriages consummated by me for this year, being few 
in Number were not returned to ye Town Clerk, until April 26th in ye 
year 1802; & were then return'd with ye marriages consummated by 
me in 1802, prior to that date, April 26th. 

1802. 
April 28th. — Ichabod Keith & Susanna Robinson, both of Bridgwater. 
July 9th. — Elihu Stephens & Susa Foy, both of Bridgwater; mulatto 

people. 
August 16th. — Charles Keen & Celia Mitchell, both of Bridgwater. 
Sept. 16th. — Mr. Moses Noyes of Providence & Miss Hannah Whitman of 

Bridgwater. 
Novbr. 4th. — Mr. Daniel Howard, 3d, & Miss Susanna Kingman, both of 

Bridgwater. 
Novbr. 13th. — Cyrus Cary of Claremont & Nabbv Keith of Bridgwater. 
Novbr. 25th. — Leiut. Galen Latham & Susanna Keith, both of Bridgwater. 

1803. 

March 7th. — Simeon Jones of Pembroke & Susanna Washburn of Bridg- 
water. 

March 24th. — Bartholomew Trow & Mary Washburn, both of Bridgwater. 

April 4th. — William Vinton & Nabby Otis, both of Bridgwater. 

April 14th. — Isaac Read & Sally Stetson, both of Bridgwater. 

June 23d — John Harden. Junr. & Jennv Stetson, both of Bridgwater. 
.Return'd to ye Clerk, June 29th. 1803. 

August 3d. — Jacob Bicknel, Junr. of Abington & Hitty White of Bridg- 
water. 

Return'd to ye Clerk, Oct. 4th, 1804, 

VOL. XLVI. 15 



172 Original Documents. [Ap 1 



ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS, 1677 to 1761. 

Communicated by William John Potts, Esq., of Camden, N. J. 

The originals of the following papers are in the possession of 
Mr. Henry Grew of " Woodlands," near Boston, who has kindly 
allowed them to be copied. 

I. 

" The Testimony of Benj a Gillam & William Phips neighbours to Thomas 
Smith, Seu r Testifieth & saith that y e said Smith dayley lives in a disorder- 
ly frame of port that is to say he is continually drunk & mad & in his 
drunkeness & madues abuseth all his neighbours in very scurlious Lan- 
guage & actions & espesiolly his pore wife & family in turneing his wife 
out of doars in his druuken carrier late in the night takeing hir whome 
& not sufering hir to come in a doars all night forceing hir to ly by y e neigh- 
bours-fire all night & as for his family he takes no care for their main- 
tanance & his sons that are wiling to worke & takes them of their 
employment, which if thes things are cultivated his neighbours must still 
be abused his family suffer & in a short time com to the town for maintance 

August 21: 1677 Benj a Gillam 

William Phips 

Jonathan Balston Sen r & Will Hollowell testifieth to the above written — 

Witnes our hands taken upon the oathes of the sev'll p'tyes 
21. 6. 77 before mee Jonathan Balston 

William holowell 
Simon Bradstreet Assist 

[Endorsed on the back in Bradstreet's handwriting] " test agst Smyth " 

II. 

" I Pilgrim Simkins Testifie that I Quartered in Thomas Leitchfeild's 
House and I asked him the reason why he did not go home to his wife 
seeing that she is redeemed out of Captivity and is now at Boston he said 
also that he would come to roxbury and Devorce himselfe from his former 
wife Mary Leitchfeild and Live wth his Last wife he also owned that he had 
a Child by her. 

Sworne in Bostone June 6 th 1685 
before John JoylifTe Comiss r 

in. 

"A List of the Prisoners now In Custody 



Edward Hill 
Isaaic CI ace 
Simon Bale 
for Debt John Read . 

George Boin [or Born?] 
Jn° Venning 
Geo: Davison 
Hen: Sutton 



To Aprill Court 17H 



1892.] Pratt and Trerice. 173 

George Burrell •! To their good behaviour 

Sam 11 Cooke ( , . - 

Jn« Wbitting J maklD - 0f P a P er m ° ne ^ 

Pet r Griffis j theft 



Sarah Walker \ Suspicion of murder 



So Smith Keeper 
[The above paper is endorsed twice on the back] " A List of Prisoners." 

IV. 

Suffolk, ss. 

[Seal] Be it Remembered, that on the 30th Day of May 1761 in the 
first Year of his Majesty's Reign, 

Barthsheba Roach of Boston was convicted before me, One of His 
Majesty's Justice of the Peace for the County of Suffolk, of uttering one 
profane Curse. 

Given under my Hand and Seal, the Day and Year aforesaid at Boston, 

John Phillips" 

There is another manuscript also in the possession of Mr. Grew, 
too long for me to copy, of which I took a brief memorandum. 
"Jonathan AVade's Answers to Major Gen 1 Daniel Gookin's reasons 
of Appeale from the Judgement of the County Court at Charleston 
held Dec r 1682." Three and a half folio pages. This refers inci- 
dentally to a previous judgment of the case in 1677 or 1678. At 
the present time (August, 1891), my recollection is, this case was 
about a negro slave of Daniel Gookin'3. 






PRATT AND TRERICE. 

By William S. Appleton, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

I communicated to the Register for January, 1864, a short 
paper with this title, to which I wish now to add a few facts. As 
to Abraham Pratt, it is only to put on record that the late Rev. 
Henry M. Dexter found at Amsterdam his marriage to Jane Charter, 
14 April, 1612, he from London, she from Salisbury. (Proceed- 
ings Mass. Hist. Soc. for June, 1890.) As to Nicholas Trerice, I 
have tried to bring together every genealogical item, in the hope of 
learning if the family is now extant or extinct. 

1. Nicholas 1 Trerice, undoubtedly of Cornish origin, was admitted an 
inhabitant of Charlestown in 1636; had wife Rebecca; was Captain 
of the " Planter," which brought many immigrants to New Eng- 
land; died in 1652; she married secondly, December, 1665, 



















































. 



■ 















174 Letters of William Itotch. [April, 

Thomas Lynde of Charlestown, and died 8 December, 1688. Chil- 
dren : 

i. Elizabeth, b. ; m. Thomas Kemble of Charlestown and Bos- 
ton; d. 19 December, 1712; he d. 29 January, 1689. 

ii. Rebecca, b. in 1636; m. 22 May, 1G55, Thomas Jenner of Charles- 
town ; d. 23 September, 1722 ; he d. in England in 1686. 
2. iii. John-, b. at Charlestown, 26 May, 1639. 

iv. Sarah, b. ; m. 10 August, 1666, John Goose of Charlestown; 

d. in November, 1686. 

v. Samuel b. at Woburn, 7 May, 1643 ; undoubtedly d. young. 

2. John 2 Trerice (Nicholas 1 ), b. at Charlestown, 26 May, 1639; m. 3 

September, 1663, Hannah, daughter of Thomas Lynde of Charles- 
town; d. before 1679, and she m. secondly, 12 December, 1679, 
James Kelling of Charlestown, and d. 30 December, 1690. Chil- 
dren, born at Charlestown : 

i. Hannah, b. 2 March, 1665; m. 30 June, 1696, William Austin of 
Charlestown. 

3. ii. Nicholas, b. 1 March, 1669. 

iii. John, b. 10 March, 1671; m. 22 January, 1708, Dorothy, daughter of 

Stanton, widow of Nicholas Lynde of Charlestown. 

iv. Rebecca, b. in 1673. 

3. Nicholas 3 Trerice (John, 2 Nicholas 1 ), b. at Charlestown, 1 March, 

1669; m. Hannah ; lived at Boston. Children, born at 

Boston : 

i. John, b. 7 March, 1695. 
ii. Nicholas, b. 18 April, 1702. 

I have found nothing more relating to the family. What became of it? 



EXTRACTS FROM LETTERS OF WILLIAM ROTCH. 

Communicated by the late Frederick C. Sanford, Esq., of Nantucket, Mass. 

An autobiography of William Rotch of New Bedford, Mass., 
was printed in the Register (vol. 31, pp. 262-4; vol. 32, pp. 
36-42, 151-5, 271-4, and 389-94). Articles from the appendix 
to the manuscript were printed in vol. 33, pp. 305-7, and vol. 34, 
pp. 304-8. The following extracts from Mr. Rotch's letters are 
also from the appendix. 

Dunkirk, 1 m° 25 th , 1792. 
Dear Son Samuel Rodman, 

***** j expect we shall be able to import wheat for 
oar flour & br d for our next outfit to advantage, but cannot now determine. 
Sugar and molasses are now at enormous prices, more on account of the 
devastation in the Wen Indies, than the depreciation in the paper money; 
the same causes must operate in America. A little pamphlet lately pub- 
lished in Eng d , entitled " An address to the people of G. Britain on the 
propriety of abstaining from the use of W. I. sugar and rum" (which I 



1892.] Letters of William Botch. 175 

doubt not has ere now reached America) has had so powerful an effect on 
our family (servants excepted) if on the principles of humanity only, as to 
cause us wholly to renounce that luxury (sugar of W. Indies), it is true 
the coffee and tea, apple pies and pudding went down not quite so easy, 
but on my part with no reluctance, the object considered. 

We have just got 1C. of E. India sugar fr. London at the price of 115/' 4 d 
per cwt, a noble price surely, yet it sold next day at 148/ but we must 
take Cousin Caleb's method in apples! sugar must cost our family no more 
than usual. The subject of the Slave trade will be again brot. before 
Parliament, with considerable additional advocates for its abolition, but I 
doubt its obtaining at this time, though I thinke the cup of iniquity must 
be near full, probably the longer it is permitted, the greater will the 
vengeance be when it is poured out. I do sincerely wish it may be pre- 
vented by a timely abstaining from so horrid a crime. The Sierra Leone 
establishment is going forward, with a determined step to do what can be 
done (with) great expectations of facilitating the object by the grant made 
of 20 sq. miles by King Naimbauna, and his disposition with that of one 
of his sons (24 years of age, whom he has sent to Eng d ., and placed under 
the care of Granville Sharp for his education) to abolish the inhuman 
traffic for men. At the conclusion of his letter to G. Sharp the king 
says, " My son — I hope you will take care of him, and let him have his 
own ways in nothing, but what you think right, yourself." I have not 
heard whether the embarkation of any has yet taken place. I would send 
thee the Report of the Court of Directors to the Sierra Leone Co., if it 
was not too bulky for the Post to Havre, but intend ordering one to thee 
from London by the Spring ships. It appears that this establishment has 
given some alarm to the W. I. proprietors, who had laid a plan to render 
the whole abortive, which was, an intention to purchase more than half the 
shares, but happily this combination was discovered before any part of it 
was put in execution, and measures adopted by the Comp 7 for no proprietor 
to be admitted, unless he were known to be a firm friend to the cause. 
These circumstances have occasioned a great number of families to relin- 
quish their W. I. sugar, and some all sugar. 

Religion, humanity and inability from present exorbitant price (are the 
causes of this). 

Such are the exertions of so large a body of the community, that I think 
the downfall of slavery has already made a great march, and it must ere 
long give way on all sides. May this happy day break forth, through 
conviction in those so deeply dyed with the blood of those poor victims, 
rather than with the iron rod now in so many instances exereised by the 
oppressed over the oppressor in St. Domingo, where such tragic scenes 
on all sides are exhibited, as to make nature revolt at the recital. I must 
now return to business, having digressed further than I intended, after 
adding that 3 or 4000 troops are sent from this kingdom to quell the in- 
surrection, which I believe will be of little use. * * * * 

We fully approve of thy purchase of the brig of Sampson, and the new 
hull for the materials of the Sally, as well as thy sending men- after live 
oak and red cedar. Thee needs no apology among us, as we all mean to 
act in our distant situations on one principle, that is, the general benefit. 
I wish every attention paid to seasoning the timber of the new ship. She 
will be large and costly. I have already desired that she may be set up 
with as much timber, as can be placed upon her and that she may stand 
twelve months without a plank upon her. The streaks marked out upon 

VOL. XL VI. 15* 


















1 









. 









176 Letters of William Rotch. [April, 

the timbers, and the holes bored long before planking. This will be a 
novelty, but I know it can be done, and the carpenter must be paid for it, 
as likewise for any loss upon the plank. Get 2 or 3000 ft. more of out 
board plank than the vessel will take, which may prevent a loss in width. 
Giving opp y for the timbers to season will also give more time to get the 
best of plank both oak and pine. I wish thee to get live oak transoms, 
apron &c. as well as the top. ******* 

Thy account of the illness of Thomas' child was followed by letters from 
both W m and Thos. giving an account of its dissolution. The account was 
affecting to us all, but to me more from the agony it suffered than from its 
removal. I was glad both Thos. and Charity were favored with so much 
fortitude and resignation in so trying circumstances. Intend writing them 
ere Ion"-. * * * * &c. &c. 



Dunkirk, 1* mo. 30 th , 1792. 

Dear Son Sam 1 Rodman, 

****** As we want to purchase 2 ships for Obed Fitch & 
O. Paddock in lieu of the Maria and the Falkland, we shall want all our 
money from these two voyages and a part of the Hope's when she may 
arrive to answer that purpose, together with the outfit of our sis vessels 
viz.: Canton, New Ship of Bester, 2 now to be purchased, Hope and Pene- 
lope, if they arrive safe, all which we are now making provision for.. 
Thou must draw in sterling if Anthony cannot sell livres, but hope they 
will be able to furnish thee in that line, as I am very unwilling to draw 
sterling, but let no person be put off when time of payment arrives. * * * 

I have written to Thomas and W m , countermanding the circulation of 
50,000 livres, lest a change in currency arise, and make a loss rather than 
a profit. Whether the last 50,000 livres was on that plan or for thy use, 
I do not rightly understand from their letter, nor is it material which way 
it goes; if remitted in-st'g it will turn to good account, and if for thy use 
will be equally so. * * * I shall now direct them to draw the whole 
50,000, if needed for thy use, but to omit purchasing the vessel for I think, 
under the circumstances of St. Domingo, vessels will be sold cheaper in 
this country than in America ***** 

I intended to have enlarged considerably on other matters, not relative 
to business, of which I am often wearied, but knowing communications of 
this kind are in our present state necessary, I submit to it with a degree of 
cheerfulness. ***** 

What is most perplexing is to keep watch of the wretched paper money 
to avoid loss. 'I have reason to be glad of my invariable resolution to get 
what surplus of money we had into England, as soon as I could until it 
reached 32; we have now £6000 there. 

I say I intended to have enlarged, but was interrupted (not disagreeably) 
by a sensible, valuable young man from the S l of Finance who is our 
frequent visitor, who ha3 left the Religion he was educated in, acknowledg- 
ing to the truth in many respects, and I hope will see through some thing3 
that are now veiled. Being late in the evening, I conclude with united 
love to you all. Thy affectionate father, 

W m Rotch. 
P. S. 31st, 8 in the morning. 

It is with satisfaction, I may inform thee of the safe arrival in the Roads 
of the Canton — all well. 





















' 









1892.] Letters of William Botch. Ill 

Dunkirk, 2mo. 11th, 1792. 

Dear Son Sam 1 Rodman, 

* * * * I am glad that thou hast sent and art sending us so much 
beef, say 130 bbls. pr Canton and 90 intended pr Ospray. This article 
must be attended to next fall, if we are to continue the fishery. Pork as I 
before wrote to thee, can be procured here to advantage, under the present 
state of the assignats. We have agreed for all we want for the 6 vessels 
@ 6f long, in paper, which is not more than 2/4 st'g in real money. * * * * 

The oil, pr. Maxfield, came just right for us to make a good advantage 
in laying it out here, and if there had been more it would have been equally 
so, but let not this prompt thee to further speculations, unless in Mexican 
oils, that can be strained to advantage; as the crisis of the stand g or fall g 
of this Constitution is probably at hand, therefore a time that requires 
caution. I do not wonder that the king's acceptance of the Constitution 
was attended with pleasing sensations to you ; it had the effect on us, but 
they were soon alloyed by the preparations for attack on this kingdom by 
the ex-princes, nobles and clergy, aided openly or secretly by almost all the 
powers of Europe, religion and civil liberty being poisonous to despots. 
An attack, I believe, will be made in the spring. Time will determine the 
event. The present encouragement in the Fishery from the advanced 
price in oil and bone, which is really advantageous, so far as the money 
can be appropriated to the produce of this kingdom, determines us to keep 
steadily on, and keep all our interests insured in England, until an altera- 
tion in the government more favorable. We have just purchased a ship at 
Havre, for O. Fitch, of about 250 to 280 tons, for 29,250 livres. She will 
cost at sea probably 45,000 (the vessel complete for whaling). She is 
good and sound, only 7 yrs. old, built with fine timber at Havre. If she 
does not exceed 45,000 will be very cheap. * * * * \y e are looking for 
another at the same place for O. Paddock. These two to replace the 
Maria and Falkland and use up assignats, these last too bad to remit to 
London. We have now about 60,000 due for bounty ; the decree not yet 
passed but the money ready for payment. If the Hope should come in 
full, I think, with what we have added to that voyage would purchase these 
two ships and fit the whole six out completely, and insure them * * * * 
If the Penelope comes in safe, perhaps her earnings may be appropriated to 
some speculations here to lay by * * * * If thou canst not be supplied 
by livres, then thou must draw st'g for absolute necessity, but put no man 
off to whom we may^owe money * * * * &c. 

Dunkirk, 3 m°. 2 d , 1792. 
Dear Son Samuel Rodman, 

My last was to the 18 & 20th ult°, via London, since which have rec d 
Done from thee. As I know that after receiving accot 8 of theJate riots and 
destruction, in part, of several houses &c. in this place you will be anxious 
to know our situation since that period; we have been entirely quiet ever 
since, by the awe of a strong military force, and probably shall remain so 
as long as the pretended cause ceases, that is, the exportation of corn, but 
as it is expected that will again take place to supply the want of the South, 
it is apprehended it will again be made a pretext for devastation & plunder. 
Revolutions from a state of despotism to liberty generally, I believe, have 
th3 same effects in all countries. When that liberty, which is the right of 
man is obtained, it commonly is much abused, and degenerates for a time 
into licentiousness with its frequent production of a levelling principle, 












- 






178 JSotes and Queries. [April, 

which often terminates in plunder. Everything around us wears a gloomy 
aspect. Anarchy or war seem, in the view of many, the alternatives, both 
dreadful in their operations. We have thus far been favoured to remain 
unmolested, and hope we may be preserved with stability and fortitude 
sufficient for the day, but trials I apprehend will attend. 

The Canton will probably be ready to sail in -i or 5 days. The " Perm," 
O. Fitch, at Havre going on as the unfavourable weather will admit. This 
ship is a good purchase, and I think complete for whaling. As a ship she 
will not stand us in more than 45 or 47,000 livres, a little more than 
£1000 st'g Exch'g. being now 45. Yesterday I received acct. of sales 
from Homburg's nt p d 24001-15, a good price by appropriating the money 
to the Penn, but very poor if to be remitted in sterling bills. ****** 

SSeal now first used by 
g. g. father all his life. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Notes. 

Wyer and Brackenbury. — Wyman's " Genealogies and Estates of Charles- 
town" contains so much matter relating to the Wyer family (to which I had 
myself previously made some contribution in the Register for 1871), that I 
wish to put in print a few facts which add something to the account found in 
"Wyman's work. 

William Wyer, 13 in Wyman's record, had four sons, who are barely named 
there, having removed from Charlestown. 

1. William, b. 26 February, 1730; m. at Newbury, 29 January, 17G1, Mary 

Greenou«;h. Children, born at N ewburyport : 
i. Sarah, b. 18 April, 1765; d. 14 February, 1791. 

ii. William, b. 3 July, 1768; m. 1 January, 1791, Elizabeth Wood; d. at 

Newburyport, 6 February or July, 1807, leaving William, Nathaniel, 

Mary and Sarah ; sue d. at New Orleans, 31 August, 1819. 

His wife d. 9 September, 1774, and he m. secondly, 4 October, 1731, Sarah 

Nevens; lived at NewbUrvport; was Captain; d. at Newburyport, 11 or 14 

August, 1810; she d. 10 June, 1803. Child : 

iii. Timothy, b. at Newburyport, 13 May. 1783; d. 23 November, 1800. 

2. Timothy, b. in 1746; m. Judith ; lived at Newburyport ; shed. 

2 March, 1776. Child: 
i. Sarah. 

3. David, b. 15 May, 1747; m. Susan ;? was of Boston;? had 

David, b. in 1771, Daniel Malcolm, b. in 1772, both baptized at Christ 
Church. 

4. Nathaniel, b. 2 June, 1754; m. at Newburyport, 15 December, 1785, 

Mary Rollins ; d. at Newburyport, 23 February, 1825 ; she d. 28 Nov- 
ember, 1832. 
I add a few facts relating to a son of Samuel Brackenbury, 2 in Wyman's 
record, whom he calls William of Ipswich, with nothing more. 

William Brackenbury, b. about 1676-7; was a physician; lived at Ipswich, 
where his motner had married secondly; m. at Newbury, 3 September, 1707, 
Abigail Heard of Ipswich. Children, born at Ipswich : 
i. Abigail, b. 3 May, 1708; d. 19 August, 1708. 

ii. Mary, b. 29 September, 1709; m. 20 October, 1731, Joseph Barium, 
iii. William, b. in 1712. 
His wife d. 20 July, 1712, and he m. secondly in 1719, widow Mary Cross, 
who d. 13 September, 1720, and he m. thirdly in 1730, Mary Walcut of Salem; 
lie fell through the ice of Ipswich river and was drowned 11 January, 1743; his 
widow? m. in 1753, Samuel Harris of Rowley. Children, born at Ipswich : 



1892.] JVbtes and Queries. 179 

iv. Samuel, b. in 1731; d. 6 Jauuary, 1732. 
v. Samuel, b. iu 1784. 
vi. Daniel, b. iu 1736. 
Mercy Brackenbury, niece of William, b. at Charlestown, 14 October, 1696, 
seems to have lived with her grandmother at Ipswich, aud to have married there 
in 1719, Samuel Harris. W. S. Afpleton. 

Boston, JIass. 



ChjlN2?ixg. — Mr. Henry James, in his recent Life of Hawthorue, alludes to 
William Ellery Channing, the Concord poet, as the son of the " great moralist." 
As he is not alone in this mistake, it seems desirable to put the three William 
Channings of the same generation on record. 

William Ellery Channing, D.D., married his cousin Ruth Gibbs, and had only 
one son, William Frank Channing. He was distinguished in early life for re- 
searches in the same line as those of Tyndal. and the invention of the electric 
fire alarm, the use of which he generously presented to his native city of Bos- 
ton. He became conspicuous later for divorcing his first wife for reasons not 
recognized by the laws of Massachusetts ; and when he married a second time, 
went to Rhode Island in consequence, and later to California. 

Francis Dana Channing, a young lawyer of great prominence, was a brother 
of Dr. W. E. Channing. He died early. He married Susan Higginson and had 
one son, the late Rev. William Henry Channing, known as a Unitarian preacher, 
at one time as a disciple of Fourier, and came home from England to do a 
patriot's duty during the civil war. He died .in 1884. When his father was 
young his sister wrote of him, that "sunshine and spring breezes always 
seemed to enter the room with Frank.*' This was equally true of the son. 

Walter Channing, Doctor of Medicine and a distinguished lecturer at Har- 
vard, was another brother. He married Barbara H. Perkins. He had one son, 
William Ellery Channing, who married Ellen, the sister of Margaret Fuller, 
and had, I think, live children, These were adopted by their grandfather after 
their mother's death. William Ellery Channing, known as the Concord poet, 
is as we see the son of Boston's most distinguished gynaecologist. 

Washiiujton, D. C. Caroline H. Dall. 

[For other members of the Channing family see Register, vol. 8, pages 318 
to 320.— Editor.] 



Inquest Upon the Body of Lydia Pickering, of Salem, 1702. — (Communi- 
cated by GrenviUe H. Nbrcross, LL.B., of Boston.) — Ess. sc. An Inquisition 
Indented Taken at Salem w th in y e s (1 County of Essex y e 16 th day of Octob r Anno 
1702, In y e first year of y e Reigne of ou r Sovereign Lady Anne by y e grace of 
God of England, Scotland, France & Ireland Queen, defender of the Faith &c. 
Before Daniel Epes Gent. One of y e Coron r s of our s d Lady y e Queen w th in y 
County of Essex afores d upon ye View of y e Body of Lydia Pickering Lying 
dead at y e house of m r Jn° Pickering in Salem afores d By y e Oaths of Edward 
Flint Sam el Phippen. Stephen Ingolis, Dau el Grant Ju° Orne Sam el Sibley Sam el 
West Jn° Cook Sam el Shattock Henry West Joseph Duglas W m Reeves", Ephr. 
Kempton & Jn° Priest, Good & Lawfull men of Salem afores d w th in y e County 
afords' 1 , Who being charged & Sworne To Inquire for our s& Lady y e Queen, 
w n by w' means & how, Lydia Pickering came to her death Upon their Oaths do 
say, That she came to her End or death by falling into a well & being drowned 
& so, came to her End by misfortune— In Witnes whereof, as well I y e Coron r 
afores a as y e Jurors afores d To this Inquisition have put our hands & seals y e 
Day & Year aboves d — 

Dan el Epes Coron r (Seal) 

The mark of 

Jn° f Cook— (Seal) Edward flint Foreman (Seal) 

Sara el Shattock (Seal) Samuel phippen (Seal) 

Henry West (Seal) • Stephen Ingalls (Seal) 

Joseph Duglas (Seal) Daniel Grant (Seal) 

William Reeves (Seal) John Orne (Seal) 

Ephraim Kempton (Seal) Samuell Sibley t,SeaI) 
John Priest (Seal) Sam el West (Seal) 

(Note — The seals are merely drops of red sealing wax.) 



180 JNotes and Queries. [April, 



Oliver. — A contributor writes : " The readers of the Register may like to 
look at the account of the Oliver family on pp. 158-60 of the Gloucestershire 
Notes and Queries for September, 1891, with the epitaph on Thomas Oliver 
which it contains. I presume our genealogists can give the writer of that 
article some additional information, if they think fit." 



Queries. 

Bible Family Records. (Ante, vol. 14, p. 400). — In the Register, October, 
1890, I made an inquiry regarding Bible Family Records. 

My wish was to ascertain (1) who could show the earliest record of that sort, 
and (2) the date of the earliest Bible in which blank pages were left to afford 
space for such records. 

The earliest Bible known to me with such blank pages was printed in 1816 
by Collins in New York. By way of answer the editor stated that Carey's 
Bible printed in Philadelphia in 1807 had such leaves nine years earlier than my 
date.— and further that '• the Bartlett family Bible, printed in 1611, contains a 
record of births, etc.. written on pages which had been left blank in the 
volume." As these blank pages do not appear to have been intended for enter- 
ing family records, I repeat my query whether the Bible society, British or 
American, from the outset afforded blank spaces for family records, — and the 
date of the earliest Bible in which such spaces are found. James D. Butler. 

Madison, Wis. 

[The earliest Bible with blank pages for family records of which note has 
heretofore been made is Carey's quarto bible of 1807. Since this item was in 
type Mr. Henry H. Edes has furnished an earlier one. " Philadelphia: Printed 
for Mathew [sic.} Carey, No. 118, Market-Street. October 27th, 1802." 4to. 
— Editor.] 



Lechmere. — The following memoranda concerning the New-England Lech- 
meres of Lechmere's Point, Cambridge, and Sir E. Lechmere of the Ryd and 
Severn End, Worcestershire, both of whom are mentioned by Dr. Oliver Wen- 
dell Holmes in his " Hundred Days in Europe," were sent to Mrs. Dr. Francis 
P. Sprague, 229 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, by one of her Russell con- 
nections in England. 

The Lechmeres of Lechmere's Point descended from Thomas Lechmere, son 
of Edmund Lechmere, of Severn End, Hanley, Worcestershire, by Lucy Hunger- 
ford. His birth is noted in his grandfather. Judge Lechmere's diary, thus : 
"June 18 1683 My daughter Lechmere was delivered of a sofie named Thomas 
Benedicat Deus Amen." This diary is contained in the history of the House of 
Lechmere, published by E. P. Shirley. A note is appended to this entry, " Mr 
Tho s Lechmere died at Boston New Engld 4 th June 1765. He was Surveyor 
General of the Kings Customs & ancestor of the American branch. A piece of 
land at Hanley is called New England & is planted with oaks the seeds of which 
were sent from America by Thomas Lechmere." "in Jan? 1733 he married Ann 
Wiuthrop." 

In Colonel Lechmere Russell's possession is Ann Winthrop's bible, with, in her 
son Richard Lechmere's writing, the statement it was his mothers bible. He 
returned on war of independence to Engld & has now no male representatives 
his daughters are represented by Coores of Scrunten Hall Yorkshire, Russells 
(Sir Edward) of Ashford Hall Ludlow, & Worralls whose representatives now 
are Sir H. Lechmere Stuart Bart. & Eyre Coote of West Park Eyre. 



Latham. — Some of your readers will remember that in the " Ancestry of 
Thirty -Three Rhode Islanders, &c," there was an account given of Lewis 
Latham, Gent., Falconer to King Charles L, with a conjecture that he was re- 
lated to Symon Latham, author of a work on Falconry. (A portrait of Lewis 
Latham appears in a recent work, "The Ancestral Dictionary.") It has just 
come to the knowledge of the undersigned through " Bedfordshire Notes and 
Queries" — vol. it., partxx., pages 231, 232 — that Lewis Latham had not only 
this brother Symon, but another brother William, a sister Ursula, wife of Wil- 
liam Carter, and a sister Elizabeth, wife of Thomas . J. O. Austin. 

P. O. Box 81, Providence, B. I. 



1892.] Notes and Queries. 181 

Kek.oiochaxg.~Iii Probate Records of Suffolk Co., 1730, Thomas Cheney is 
described as "late resident of a place called Kekamochang," This place is 
believed to be in or near the town of Dudley, Mass. 

What is the meaning or translation of this Indian word? Will some one be 
kind enough to inform me, and oblige, Edwin P. Wells. 

Southbridge, Mass. 



Richard Jones of Dorchester, Mass., died 1641. His sister Elizabeth mar- 
ried in England, 1G35, 10 Antony Thatcher of Sarum, and later of Yarmouth, 
Plymouth Colony. His son Timothy Jones, in his will, 1655, refers to estates in 
England; and his youngest son Samuel, in his will, 1661, mentions his six 
cousins in Yarmouth. 

Can anyone tell me from what town in England Richard Jones came? 

Newton, Mass. Samuel P. May. 



Greene. — Information is earnestly desired of parentage and ancestry of 
Katharine Green, who married Ebenezer Lankton of Earaiington, Conn., at 
Earmington, 5 March, 1761 (Church Records) : she was born 2 June, 1742 
(Family Bible) ; and had a sister Mary or May who married one Orrin, Orin or 
Olin (family tradition). Charles K. Williams. 

Sioux City, Iowa. 



The Massachusetts Society for Promoting Agriculture was incorporated 
in 1792. In connection with the preparation of an account of its one hundred 
years' work, the Society seeks information concerning portraits of the follow- 
ing named former presidents: Caleb Strong, 1802-1805; Aaron Dexter, 1813— 
1823; John Welles, 1841-1846. Francis H. Appleton, Secretary. 

70S Exchange Building, Boston. 



Replies. 

The Simancas Map of 1610 and Waymouth's Discovery. (By Henry S. 
Burrage, D.D.)— In the Register for January, 1892, the Rev. B. E. Dc Costa, 
in a note, p. 84, states that in various papers and contributions he has sought 
to make the point " that the river discovered in Maine, by Waymouth in his 
exploration of 1605, was not the St. George, but the Kennebec, otherwise the 
Sagadahock to which Popham's expedition sailed in 1607." One of these con- 
tributions I recall. It appeared in the Magazine of American History (vol. 9, 
p. 300), where in a notice of Mr. George Bancroft's revised first volume of his 
History of the United States, referring to the fact that Mr. Bancroft had 
adopted the St. George's theory. Dr. De Costa says, Bancroft " sends Way^ 
mouth to explore a splendid river where there is so little water that fish can 
hardly swim." This statement will surprise anyone who has seen the George's 
river, and Mr. Bancroft in his reply disposed of the statement by referring to 
the Coast Survey chart which tells " the very different story that there is a 
river of great uniform depth." This depth is about fourteen fathoms at the 
mouth of the river, eight and ten fathoms at Fort St. George about two thirds 
of the way to Thomastori, and three and three fourths, four and eight fathoms 
at Thomaston. The fact is that vessels of the largest class are built at Thomas - 
ton, and vessels of twelve hundred tons have been built as far up the river as 
Warren. It would seem, therefore, that one could hardly make a greater mis- 
take in a statement than in saying the St. George's river has "so little water 
that fish can hardly swim.' 1 

In his note in the Register for January, however, Dr. De Costa errs even 
more surprisingly than in this earlier statement. He has shown already, he 
says, that no early map of the coast of Maine designates the St. George's river : 
but a recently discovered map, he tells us, which dates back to 1610, and which 
has recently been published in Mr. Alexander Browns Genesis of the United 
States, "destroys the last hope of the advocates of the St. George theory, 
puncturing and exploding their specious arguments," inasmuch as it has "no 
indication whatever of any St. George's river, which would inevitably have been 
shown if the river had been discovered and explored." Singularly enough just 
the opposite of this statement is the truth. On this map the St. George's river, 



182 



Notes and Queries. 



[April, 



under its Indian name, Tahanock, is plainly indicated, and it is only necessary 
to republish that portion of the map which includes the coast of Maine, in order 
to " puncture " thoroughly this last statement by Dr. De Costa.* On it the posi- 
tion of the island St. George (Monhenan) with reference to the Tahanock is that 
of Monhegan with reference to the St. George's river. Furthermore the St. 
George's river has this marked peculiarity, that on either side here and there 
are large coves, viz. : Deep Cove, Gay Cove, Turkey Cove, Maple Juice Cove, 
Otis Cove, Watts Cove, Cutler's Cove, Broad Cove, and Hyler's Cove. These 
"very gallant coues," as Rosier described them in his ' : Relation," are distinctly 
indicated on the map of 1610. The " codde " of the river, also, appears exactly 
where from Rosier's description we should expect to find it. Moreover, and 
this is especially significant, Rosier tells us that Waymouth, when he ascended 
the river in his Vessel, took with him a " crosse" to erect at that point where 








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the river trends westward, the present site of Thomaston. It is a remarkable 
fact that on this map of 1610, where the Tahanock trends in the direction men- 
tioned, there is a mark of a cross. What is this cross, but the cross to which 
Rosier refers, and which Waymouth erected as a token of English discovery? 
Mr. Alexander Brown suggests this in his note concerning this map. " The 
cross at the bend of the Tahanock," he says, " was possibly erected there by 
Captain George Waymouth, June 13, 1605." Doubtless King James's surveyor, 
who prepared the map of 1610. f used the " perfect Geographicall map '' which 

* A reduced fac-simile of this portion of the map is here given. — Ed. 

f This map will be found in the first volume of Mr. Brown's admirable work, p. 456. It 
was prepared by a surveyor whom King James of England sent to Virginia in 1610 for this 
purpose. In some secret way a copy of the map was obtained by the Spanish Ambassador 
in London and was sent to the King'of Spain, and so at length found its way to the Library 
at Simancas, where it has been preserved. Mr. Brown In his note concerning this man, 
says, "I am inclined to think that the map was compiled and drawn either by Robert 
Tyndail or by Captain Powell. However I cannot be certain." And he adds (Genesis of 
the United States, vol. 1, p. 4-58), " I think the map evidently embodies [besides the surveys 
of Champlain and other foreigners], the English surveys of White, Gosnold, Waymouth, 
Priug, Hudson, Argali, Tyndail, and possibly others." 









. 


































1892.] Notes and Queries. 183 

Waymouth made when he was on the coast of Maine; and this accounts for the 
indication on the map not only of the cross, but also of the " great mountaines" 
which Waymouth saw and toward which he sailed as he ascended the river. 
Portland, Me. 



Did a Majority of the Dorchester Church go to Windsor? — Two 
phrases used in the review of the published volume of Dorchester First Church 
records, contained in the preceding number of the Register, ante page 1)7, be- 
ing deemed ambiguous by certain readers of the Register and friends of the 
reviewer, he desires in the interest of correct history to be more explicit. The 
uncertainty is in these clauses: "A part of the Dorchester church of 1636, 
supposed to be a majority of the membership, emigrated at that time and 
founded the town of Windsor, Conn." "As the surviving pastor, Rev. John 
Warham, two deacons of the original church and a majority of members re- 
moved, it is the opinion of some that the church as an institution went also." 

The reviewer had meant that his statement should be sufficiently guarded in 
using the words "supposed to be a majority," thinking that the qualifying 
word would be understood where the word " majority " again appears, and that 
it would be interpreted to be the same majority in each case. This view would 
be consistent with the use of the phrase later on, "Whatever may finally be 
concluded in the matter." 

Still, the language might be construed to mean that it is generally so sup- 
posed; therefore, he would say that it has been so supposed by only a few 
persons, so far as he is aware. Certain citations given in the introduction of 
the volume in review seem to signify that Increase Mather, Cotton Mather, and 
Hubbard the historian, supposed a majority went to Windsor. The late editor 
of the Congregationalist, Rev. Henry M. Dexter, D.D., and those people in 
Windsor who think the church of that town to be the only original Dorchester 
Church, are to be classed in the same category. 

On the other hand, the great mass of readers and students of the historical 
records make no supposition in the premises, but await evidence. Aud it would 
seem that the establishment, beyond controversy, of the fact that thirty-five 
church members remained in Dorchester (which is done by the authors of the 
introduction to the volume in review), puts upon .those who do suppose as 
stated, the burden of summoning from the remote past an equal number of 
Dorchester names of church members, in Windsor, in 1636, as a basis for their 
conjecture. Daniel W. Baker. 



Deacons of the First Church, Dorchester. — Rev. Dr. Thaddeus Mason 
Harris, in the appendix to his "discourse (page 23). delivered at Dorchester, 
October 10, 1804, at the Funeral of Deacon Abijah White," Deacon of the 
church, says, "Deacon John Moore, Deacon John Gayland" (meaning, 
probably. William Gaylard or Gaylord) "removed with the first church to 
Windsor, Con." What evidence have we that they were deacons, so far as 
William Gaylord is concerned? 

Again. Deacon Ebenezer Clapp, Jr., in the History of Dorchester, page 79, 
writes, "William Rockwell, freeman in 1630. The first deacon with Mr. Gay- 
lord of the Dorchester Church, signed the first land grants of the plantation. 
Moved to Connecticut," On page 52, " William Gaylord, one of the first 
deacons," " removed to Windsor." On page 08, " John Moore came as deacon 
of the church in 1630. He removed to Windsor, and was deacon of the church 
there." Can it be shown that John Moore was at any time deacon of the church 
in Dorchester? 

William Gaylord had a grant of land in Dorchester, March 18, I637-S. 
William Rockwell went to Windsor it is supposed, soon after Jan. 2, 1637-8. 
See Introduction to Dorchester Church Records, page xvi. Unless these two 
individuals went to Windsor, and returned, which is altogether improbable, 
they continued xo be. from the beginning, inhabitants of Dorchester until 1638. 
Have we reliable authority for calling Gaylord and Rockwell deacons? I have 
found no contemporary evidence that they were. William B. Trask. 

VOL. XL VI. 16 



184 Notes and Queries. [April, 

John 2 Wight, son of Thomas 1 Wight (Register, xlii. 91), died September 

28, 1653, the first to die of the thirteen pioneers of Medfield, Mass. Adminis- 
tration upon his estate was granted to Ins widow Ann (maiden name unknown), 
" in behalfe of herselfe & y e childe she goes wi<"hall" — (Register, viii. 276). 
This posthumous child, named Abiel 3 or Abihaile, 3 and born January 1, 1653-4, 
has, until recently, eluded most diligent and persistent search. The records of all 
the adjoining towns have been examined, either by the local historians of Medfield 
and Medway, or by the undersigned, but all in vain. The latest trace of her is 
in 1660, when her name, Abiel Wight, occurs among the grantees of the New 
Grant, Medway. — (Jameson's Medway, 23.) But it now appears from examina- 
tion of Hazen's Biiierica, p. 93 of Genealogies, and from inspection of the 
record of the town of Biiierica, that she married in that town, and that she be- 
came the mother of twelve children and the ancestress of many distinguished 
persons. She is deserving of a corner in this genealogical magazine. On May 
6, 1673, she married, as his second wife, Samuel, born July 21, 1644, son of 
William Manning of Cambridge. Correct Bond's Watertoion, 528. where 
William's wife is hopelessly disguised as Abiah Wright. Samuel Manning moved 
in 1662 to Biiierica, where he was successively town clerk, selectman, and 
in 1695-6, representative. He died Feb. 22. 1710-11; the death of his wife is 
not given. Of their twelve children one died in infancy, seven became parents 
of large families. The following are the names of a few of the many descend- 
ants of the long lost Abiel 3 Wight : Ensign William 4 Manning of Biiierica, who 
died March 25, 1674: William 6 Manning, born February 28. 1707-8, lieutenant of 
the West foot company of Biiierica; Samuel 6 Robinson, captain in the French 
and Indian war, buried in 1767 in Rev. George Whitetield's Church, London; 
Alice, 6 born in 1727, wife of Captain Elisha Child of Woodstock, Conn. ; Mercy,* 
born October 8, 1748, wife of Col. Joseph Safford of Bennington, Vt. ; Sarah, 5 
born November 13, 1751, wife of General Heman Swift of Cornwall, Conn. ; 
William 8 Manning, born May 21, 1747, lieutenant in Capt. Kidder's Company in 
2d Mass. regiment in 1776; Reuben 6 Durrant, born February 29, 1747-8, an 
architect of churches and bridges, living in Bed ford, Mass. ; Timothy 6 Toothaker, 
a patriot soldier, fatally wounded at Bunker Hill; Allen 6 Toothaker, his brother, 
a physician, who died July 12, 1775. from fever contracted while caring for his 
wounded brother-; Samuel* Robinson, born August 9, 1738, captain at the battle 
of Bennington, afterwards colonel of militia, and judge ; Moses 6 Robinson, born 
March 15, 1741, successively Chief Justice and Governor of Vermont, and United 
States Senator; Jonathan 6 Robinson, born August 24, 1756, Chief Justice and 
later United States Senator from Vermont ; Samuel 7 Fay, laudlord of the Cata- 
mount Tavern at Bennington Centre, Vt. ; Joel 7 Durrant, who died in the ser- 
vice in 1812 at Governor's Island. N. Y. ; Asa 7 Crosby, born July 15, 1765, an 
eminent physician of Sandwich and Gilmanton, N. II. ; the Rev. Charles 7 Walker, 
DaD., born February 1, 1791, of Rutland, Vt. ; William 7 Crosbv. born January 

29, 1758, "the father of Milford." N. H. ; the Rev. Willard 7 Child, D.D., born 
November 14, 1796, of Mooers, N. Y. ; John S. 8 Robinson, Governor of Vermont 
in 1853; Joseph B. 8 Danforth, forty years ago a Judge of Probate in Vermont; 
Solon 8 Danforth, forty years ago a member of the Senate of Vermont: Josiah 3 
Crosby, born February i, 1794, a distinguished physician of Manchester, N. H. ; 
Dixi 8 Crosby, born February 8, 1800, for thirty-two years professor of surgery 
in Dartmouth College; Nathan 5 Crosby, born February 12, 1798, justice for 
many years in Lowell, Mass., and author of the Crosby Genealogy; Alpheus 3 
Crosby, born October 13, 1810. professor in Dartmouth College, and author of 
Crosby's Greek Grammar; Thomas Russell 8 Crosby, born October 22, 1816, 
professor in the agricultural department of Dartmouth College ; Anne Ambrose, 8 
wife of Professor G. N. Boardman of the Chicago Theological Seminary; the 
Rev. George Leon 8 Walker, D.D., born April ~30, 1830. pastor of the First 
Church, Hartford, Conn., and author of Life of Thomas Hooker and many other 
works; Stephen Ambrose 3 Walker, born Nov. 2, 1835, late U. S. District Attor- 
ney, New York; Henry Freeman 8 Walker, born July 3, 1838, a prominent phy- 
sician in New York; Augustus Addison 8 Gould, the naturalist and author; 
Charles D. 8 Gould, of Gould & Lincoln, Boston; Elizabeth, 8 wife of Joshua 
Lincoln, of Gould & Lincoln, Boston; Elnathan Freeman 8 Duren, born January 
14, 1814, book-seller and publisher, Bangor, Me.; Joseph 8 Low, born July 24, 
1790, first Mayor of Concord, N. II.; Elias 3 Child, born September 3, 1806, 
author of the Child Genealogy ; the Rev. Charles 8 Blanchard of Oldtown, Me. ; 
Austin 9 Baldwin, born June 11, 1807, of Austin Baldwin & Co., New York; 



1892.] Notes and Queries. 185 

Anne,' -wife of the "Rev. William B. Ashley, D.D., of Milwaukee, Wis.: the 
Rev. Jacob M. 9 Manning, D.D., of Old South Church, Boston; Charles Edward* 
Hosmer, born May 25, 1837, an able physician in BHlerica; the Iter. Williston 9 
Walker, born July 1. 18G0, professor in Hartford Theological Seminary; Lucius 
Curtiss 9 Child, of the Boonville, N. Y., Herald, and of Utica, N. Y. ; Anna 
C. 10 Snead, principal of the Kirkwood, Missouri, Academy. 

William Wakd Wight. 



Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, CoiiPwECTioxs and Additions. 

In Weymouth. 
Vol. I. — Page 31. George 1 Allen bought Geo. Applegate's home farm March, 
1640. Deed recorded 5 d 3 m <\ 1641. Henry Allen had land 1647, and 
John, Ebenezer and George, Jr., 1651. 
Page 55. Samuel- Andrews in Yv r . prior to 1697, descendants in Norton and 
Dio-hton. 
" 59. Thomas Anis— bis wife Mary died May 10, 1659. 

" 93. William 1 Badlam mar. Mary, dau. of Stephen 2 French, Jr., about 
1688. She b. May 11, 1662. Children: Samuel, 2 b. 1690, 

mar. Mary of Nicholas Phillips, 1716; William. 2 b. Dec. 20, 1693; 
Stephen, b^ 1696, m. Elisabeth Billings of Dorchester — pub. May 30, 
1719. He removed to Milton; Marv, 2 b. July 24, 1699, mar. Ben 
Shaw 1720. 
" " Samuel Basdev, Senior, had five children, 1658—1672. 
" 95. Thomas 1 Bailey— 1643. Died in W. 1680-1. Children ; Thomas, 2 Jr., 
m. first Ruth of Richard 1 Porter 1660. Married second widow 
Hannah (Rogers) Pratt of Samuel. John 2 went to Freetown about 
1685. Esther 2 married John Kins:; and Samuel who had a family, 
and died in Canada Expedition 1690-1. 
" 130. John Bartlett had sou John, b. Feb. 11, 1666. 

•' 142. Rev. James Bayley, grad. Harvard College 1719. Ordained minister 
South Parish 1723; died Aug. 22, 1766, aged 69. (I write this on 
his table). 
" 138. Elder Edward 1 Bates, died Mar. 25, 1686, in his 81 st year; grave- 
stone. Had wife Susanna, and eight or nine children. 
" 167. John Bennett, 1691—1693. 

" 145. Jeremiah Beal, from Hingham ->rior to 1700; a numerous family. 
" 174. Zechary 1 Bicknell 1635— died 1636; wife Agnes— who was perhaps 
daughter of Robert 1 Lovell. She married second Richard Rockett 
or Rockwood of Braintree. She had son John 2 Rockwood, b. 
Dec. 1, 1641, ancestor of most of the Rockwoods in Massachusetts. 
Mrs. Rockwood died Julv 9, 1743. In the Records of the General 
Court, March 9, 1636-7," I tind the following: " WUliam Reed 
having bought the house and twenty acres of land which was 
Zachary Bicknell' 3 (after Bicknells death) for £7— 13 s — l d of 
Richard Rockett and wife, is to have the sale confirmed by the 
child (John) when he cometh of age, or else the child to allow 
such costs as the Court shall think meet." 
" 174. John 2 Bicknell, only child of Zechary, — had a first wife Mary, who 
died 25 th 10 ra& 1657-8. He m. second Man'. 2 daughter of Richard 
Porter 2—10^ 1658-9. He had by first wife^John, Jr., 1654, 
Mary and Naomi; by second wife, Ruth, Joanna, Experience, 
Zechary, Elisabeth, Mary. Thomas and Hannah, 1675. He wa3 
representative, &c, and died between Nov. 6, 1678 and Jan. 20, 
1679. In his will he gare all his estate to his widow Mary, " as 
long as she should remain a widow." 
" 326. Nicholas Byram, bought John Glover 9 house and land 5 th S mo , 1647. 
Savase says he was a physician. He held all the town offices. In 
1660 he bought proprietary rights in Bridgwater, and removed 
there in 1662. He was councillor of war in Plymouth Colony, and 
was a man of much influence. On the old Bridgwater records I 
found the following, written so as to fill the whole page, " Nicholas 
Byram Senior, left this world for a better April IS* 1688." His 



186 Notes and Queries. [April, 

widow Martha died 1098. She was daughter of Abraham 1 Shaw 
of Dedham. They had five children, who have a multitude of 
descendants. 
Page 343. David Carver, of John of Duxbury. First wife— Ruth; second 
Hannah, of Joseph Dyer of W. He sold out in 1717 to Benjamin 
Dyer for £600, and removed to Canterbury, Conn., where he died 
Sept. 17, 1727. 
Vol. II. — Page 14. Richard Davenport, in W. prior to 1699. Removed to 

Bridgwater. 
Page 25. Samuel Dawes died in his Majesty' 9 service. His widow Experience 
mar. Charles Clark prior to 1700. 
" 40. Edward Derby — mar. first Ruth Whitmarsh before 1687; m. 2d 
widow Rebecca Hobart (of Aaron, who was drowned in Boston 
Harbor 1705). She was daughter of Roger Sumner of Milton. 
As widow Derby she settled Hobart s estate. Derby died Jan. 6, 
1724. He had 5 children by first wife and 3 by second wife. She 
married third Samuel Paine of Braintree, March 24, 1726. 
80. Peter Dunbar from Hingham, in W. 1693 to 1711. Removed to 

Bridgwater. 
89. Dea. Thomas 1 Dver married second widow Elisabeth (Harding) 

Erary. She died 1679. 
91. Richard Eager (or Ager) mar. Abigail, dan. of Jacob 2 Nash, prior 
to 1700. "Six children. 

182. Andrew 1 Ford mar. Eleanor of Robert 1 Lovell. He died in Hing- 
ham, Mar. 4, 1692-3. Thirteen or more children. In his will 
gave his children lands at " Quineboge." Where was that place? 

261. John Glover sold his house and lot to Nicholas Byrum 5 th 8 mo , 1647. 
He had other lands. 

285. Zacheus Gould of Ipswich and of Weymouth is the same man. He 
bought out James Parker 1644, and afterwards sold. 
" Jeremy Gould was at Weymouth, and sold his home lot to Joseph 
Holloway of Sandwich, first of 8 th mo 1639. Probably removed 
to Topsfield. 

325. John 1 Gurney mar. Rebecca, of John Taylor. He d. 1691. Children, 
Richard* 1656, Joseph, 2 Mary, 2 Zechariah, 2 John, 2 Peter and 
Samuel. 

350. Robert Harlow had land 1651. 
" John Harding had land 1651. Many other Hardings there prior to 
1700, whom I cannot put in order. 

370. Peter Harvey & wife Sarah had Samuel, b. W. Aug. 27, 1696. 

441. John 2 Holbrook mar. second widow Mary Loring (of Dea. John of 
Hull). She died July 17, 1714. 

443. Thomas 1 Holbrook I do not think married Hopestill Leland for se- 
cond wife, i (Jo i ot see that he had second wife. 

449. John 1 Holiis m. Elisabeth of James Priest — prior to 1664. lie died 
1700. Six children. John, 2 Jr., mar. Mary Yardley of Braintree 
bef. 1691. Moved there and died Jan. 27, 1718. 

470. Ebenezer Hovey, first wife Joanna, second wife widow Sarah King 
of Norton. 

480. William Harlow had land 1651. 

497. Jonas 2 Humphrey died 1692. "Widow Martha died June 12, 1712. 
Six chilaren. 

499. Enoch 1 Hunt, many corrections necessary. 

527. Edmund Jackson mar. Mary .gX- Simon 2 Whitmarsh prior to 1691. 
Removed to Abington 1706. 

560. Jones families from Hull prior to 1700. 

572. Joy families in W, prior to 1700. 
Vol. III. — Page 23. John 1 King, — planter and John King seamen, have puzzled 

many genealogists. Their descendants are in all the land. 
Page 27. Henry 1 Kingman d. June 5, 1767— dan. Joan — m. Thomas Holbrook, 
Anna m. Tobias Davis. 13 Dec. 1649. 
•' 123. Robert 1 Lovell died 1651; wife Elisabeth. Children, Zacheus* 1620, 
Anna* 1619. John, 2 1627, he sold out in W. and removed to Barn- 
stable, 1678: Eleanor, 2 1633, mar, Andrew 1 Ford; James, % 1635, 
died in W. 1703. 



1892.] Notes and Queries. 187 

Page 122. Francis Loud in W. about 1700. Many descendants. 

" 127. James Ludden " Old Planter." Old James Ludden d. Feb. 7, 1G92. 
Five or more children. 

" 261. James 1 Nash — wife Alice. Children, John, 2 James, 2 Jacob m. Abi- 
gail Dyer before 1667, and had 12 or more children, and died in 
Abington, Mar. 13, 1717-18; Joseph 2 of Scituate, Sarah 2 and 
Rebecca. 2 

" 293. Nicholas Norton, 1G37; wife Elisabeth. Probably removed to 
Martha's Vineyard — 11 children. None of the name afterward 
for more than 100 years in W. 

" 314. William 1 Orcutt had two wives & 12 children or more. He d. Bridg- 
water 1^94. 

11 318. John Osborn of W. and Braintree same man. 

" " Matthew Osborn bound himself to John Reed of W. for 6 years, 
Sept. 14, 1G37. (Plymouth Records.) 

11 327. Samuel 1 Packard in W. — 1655 to 1664. Selectman. Removed to 
Bridgwater. His daughter Hannah m. Clemeut Briggs, Jr., who 
died 1G69. Packard & his daughter settled estate of Briggs. She 
m. second Thomas Randall of Easton. 

" 404. William Pittee, nowPett.ee, wife Marv. He d. 1679. Nine children. 

" 413. Nicholas 1 Phillips 1640, died 1672, 8 chil. ; Richard, 2 Alice, 2 Ex- 
perience, 2 b. 1641, Caleb 2 1644, Joshua, 2 Benjamin, 2 Hannah 2 & 
Abigail. 2 

" 454. Edward 1 Pool & wife Sarah. He d. 1664, — never in Newport. 7 
children. 

" 459. Richard 1 Porter 1635, died 1688-9. Children, John, 2 m. Deliverance 
Byrou, Feb. 9, 1G60. Ruth, 2 b. 3-8 m 1639, ma. Thomas Bailey 
19 th 7 m0 1660; Thomas, 2 mar. Sarah Vining, he died before her 
father; Mary, 2 mar. John Bicknell 1658, his 2d wife — 7 children. 
Ancestors of many Bicknells. 

" 474. Macaeth 1 Pratt— Old Planter. Died 1672-3, wife Elizabeth— Chil- 
dren, Matthew, 2 mar. Sarah 2 Hunt, 1 st 6 m , 1661; John, 2 in. 
Mary Whitman. Nov. 27, 1656; Joseph, 2 m. Sarah Judkins, May 
7, 1662; Samuel. 2 m. Hannah Rogers, 19 th 7 ra 1660; Mary. 2 m. 
Thomas White, Jr. ; Sarah, 2 m. John Richards about 1671; Elisa- 
beth, 2 m. Win. 1 Chard, 27 th 9™ 16G0. 

" 486. James Priest in W. 1640, wife Elisabeth, died 1676— Eight children. 
I have made much search for his history, but without avail, — 
probably from Plymouth. 

" 506. Robert 1 Randall— mar. first Mary, sister of Stephen 1 French.— 
He married second, and died Mar. 3, 1691. 

" 519. William Reed and his family continue to trouble their descendants. 

" 534. William Richards from Plymouth bought the house of Nicholas 
Whitmarsh, July 6, 16o8. Wife Grace. He died 1682, several 
children; John, 2 mar. Sarah of Matthew Pratt? he died 1695, wife 
d. June 12, 1727; nine children; Joseph 2 had two wives and li 
children; James, 2 m. Ruth of John Bicknell. He died March 8, 
1710-11. She d. Feb. 12, 1728; four children; William, 2 Jr.. 
wife Mary; he d. April 24, 1683, two children I find. 

" 541. Thomas Rider had land 1651. 

11 561. John 1 Rogers " Old Planter,"— not "of Scituate." He died Feb. li, 
1661. Selectman often. Second wife Judith, — Children, John, 2 
Jr., mar. Mary, of Edward 1 Bates, Feb. 8, 1663 ; in 1677 he applied 
to General Court as a ' : house holder and Churchman " to be 
made a Freeman, four daughters. Other children of John 1 were 
Lydia, 2 b. Mar. 27, 1642, Hannah, 2 Mary 2 and Sarah. 2 
Vol. IV.— Page 4. Edward Sale, not Savil, in W. 1640-1692. Town Officer. 
Children; Obediah, 2 b. July 20, 1640, Miriam, 2 1645, Nathaniel, 2 
d. in W. Dec. 14, 1714, Ephraim, 2 John 2 and Robert. 2 Some of 
the family went to Rehoboth. 
Page 63. Abraham 1 Shaw of Dedham. His children all of Weymouth. John, 2 
d, in W. Sept. 16, 1704, m. Alice, daughter of Nicholas Phillips,. 
and had 11 children; Joseph, prob. ancestor of R. G. Shaw of 
Boston, died in Boston, 13 Dec, 1653; Martha. 2 m. Nicholas By- 
rum ; Nicholas 3 of John 2 m. Deborah 3 of John 2 Whitmarsh ab. 
TOI» XL VI. 16* 



188 ^Notes and Queries. [April, 

1686, and had 11 chil. ; Joseph 3 of John 2 m. Judith 3 of John 2 
Whitmarsh, and removed to Bridgwater. 

Page 89. Luke Short, Jr.— 1698; father d. Middleborough 1746, aged 116. 

" 117. James 1 Smith, d. 1676, wife Joan d. 2d 3 m 1659. Children, Nath- 
aniel, 2 b. W. June 8, 1639 ; James 2 had wife Mary and 7 children; 
Joshua, 2 probably removed to Swansea, and Hannah. 2 

" 168. John 1 Staples, Senior — early wife Rebecca. Children, John 2 went 
to Braintree; Joseph 2 to Taunton; Sarah 2 m. Increase 2 Sumner 
of Milton, Mar. 26, 1667; Mary 2 m. Samuel 2 Sumner of Milton; 
and Rebecca. 2 b. March 27, 1639. 

" 241. Thomas Swift. Jr. had son Thomas, b. in W. Nov. 18, 1687. 

" 242. Timothy 3 Syrames, of W m Symmes of Charlestown, went with his 
mother to Weymouth, where she rn. second Rev. Samuel 2 Torrey, 
July 30, 1695; he lived with them until 1707 wheu he went to 
Scituate, where he died 1765, aged 82. He m. Mrs. Elisabeth 
Collamore Rose, July 31, 1710; their son Timothy, 4 Jr. b. May 27, 
1714, grad. Har. College 1737, he had son John C., s b. July 10, 
1742, his daughter Anna 6 m. William Henry Harrison, President 
of the U. Si, his son John S. Harrison b. 1804, and his son Ben- 
jamin Harrison is now President of the United States. 

" 286. John Thompson of W. 1648—1 think the son of David Thompson 
the grantee of Thompson 3 Island, Boston Harbor, who became of 
age 1648-9, and settled in Weymouth. " John Thompson son and 
heir of David Thompson, deceased who in and about 1626 did 
take actual possession of an island in the Massachusetts Bay 
called Thompson's Island and being there vacu domicilia, and 
erected a habitation there and died soon after left the petitioner 
an infant." The Court granted the Island to Thompson against 
the protest of the Town of Dorchester which claimed it. Thomp- 
son was Constable and Townsman in W. and removed to Mendon 
1667, where he died 1685-86. His will March 27, 1684, proved 
April 27. 1686. 

" 306. William 1 Tirrellin W. about 1672. His son William, 2 Jr. m. Abigail 
of Thomas Pratt ab. 1680, removed to Abington 1705. Ten chil- 
dren; Gideon 2 d. Oct. 13, 1730, mar. Hannah of Thos. Kingman 

1687. Representative several years, 1726-28-29-30, died Oct, 13, 
1730. Eight children. 

" 329. Robert 1 Tucker of W.— 1647-51, removed to Gloucester 1651, re- 
turned to Weymouth, 1660 removed to Milton ; first Town Clerk 
there May 7, 1662. Probably had been clerk in Gloucester and 
Weymouth. The late Edmund J. Baker was of that opinion. 
Tucker was overseer of Clement 1 Briggs's will in W. 1648-9. 

" 346. John 1 Turner in W. 1640; ancestor of many. Jacob, 2 b. Mar. 10, 
1667, mar. Jane Yining — many children; Ann probably mar. 
Thomas Bicknell. 

" 374. John Vining d. Feb. 1685. Mar. Margaret Reed ll-3 m 1657, by 
Capt. Torrey. She d. Aug. 6, 1659, he mar. second Mary Reed 22d 
ll m 1659. Ten or more children by second wife. 

" 374. John 1 Vinson d. Sept. 20, 1718, wife Susannah Whitmarsh or Gurney, 
(She m. second John Canterbery 1721, and died Dec. 9, 1729). 
Children, John, 2 Jr., b. July 28. 1675, m. Sarah Kingman bef. 1696 
—Ten chil. ; Ebenezer. 2 b. Mar. 26, 1684, m. Jane of Joseph 
Drake — 8 children ; Samuel, 2 wife Hannah and ten children. Widow 
m. Lieut. Jo. Nash. 

" 525. John Whitmarsh in W. 1635— died prior to 1650, wife Alice. Chil- 
dren, Simon, 2 Nicholas 3 m. Hannah Reed. Dec. 2, 1658: John, 2 Jr. 
m. Sarah of John Harden — he d. 1695, had twelve or more chil- 
dren; Richard, 2 Onesiphorous 3 had land 1650; James, and Jane. 

Bangor, Maine. Joseph W. Porter. 



Vol. I., page 399, Mr. Savage says of Nathaniel Clarke. Senior, of Newbury, 
Mass. " d. on board the sh. Six Friends, soon after sail, in the expedit. against 
Quebec, 25 Aug. 1690, from an injury, aged 46." Nathaniel Clarke, Senior, died 



1892.] Notes and Queries. 189 

at his home in Newbury, 25 Ana;., 1690, and as he was married Nov. 23, 1663, it 
seems probable that he was older than 46 in 1690. His son Nathaniel went iu 
the expedition against Canada, and was mortally wounded in October, 1690, on 
board the ship Six Friends, and died. Rev. John Hale of Beverly, the chaplain, 
wrote his will, which was duly signed and witnessed. Mr. Hale brought the will 
home, and gave it to the young man's father-in-law, Peter Toppan, who failed 
to offer it for probate. See depositions on tile at Salem Court House, of Rev. 
John Hale, and of Henry Somerby. These depositions are printed in full in the 
" Genealogy of the Descendants of Nathaniel Clarke of Newbury, Mass." pages 
25 and 26. Nathaniel the younger left one child only, Nathaniel, born 29 July, 
1689. The Elizabeth mentioned by Mr. Savage had apparently died before her 
father. George Kuhn Claeke. 

Needham, JIass. 



Historical Intelligence. 

Herrick Genealogy. — All the remaining printed sheets of the " Herrick 
Genealogy," published in 1885, and noticed by us in October of that year, were 
destroyed by a lire which burned the book bindery, where they were stored, 
on Tuesday morning, January 26th. Thirty-one bound copies are all that the 
author, Lucius C. Herrick, M.D., has remaining on hand. These, fortunately, 
he had at his residence, 1447 Highland St., Columbus. Ohio. A little over two 
hundred copies were burned. Those who wish to obtain the book had better 
make application at once. 



Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to 
furnish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families 
and other information which they think may be useful. We would suggest that 
all facts of interest illustrating family history or character be communicated, 
especially service under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, 
graduation from college or professional schools, occupation, with places and 
dates of births, marriages, residence and death. When there are more than one 
christian name they should all be given in full if possible. No initials should 
be used when the full names are known. 

Coutant. By Arthur Beardsley, Swartmore College, Swartmore, Pa. — Mr. 
Beardsley is preparing a genealogy of the Coutant and related families, parti- 
cularly those of Badeau and Gerou (Gerauld, Gerau. &c.), all Huguenot families 
who settled originally at New Rochelle, N. Y., and passed from that point to 
various parts of New York and New England, especially Connecticut. Those 
interested are requested to send their records to the above address. Circulars 
will be sent on application. The addresses of those who can furnish informa- 
tion is desired. 

Fairchild. — Mrs. Annie Fairchild Plant, of Milton, Vt., has collected a large 
amount of material relating to the descendants of Thomas Fairchild,. w r ho came 
to Stratford, Conn., in 1639. Any person having matter relating to these de- 
scendants would oblige Mrs. Plant by sending the same to her. 

Lee. — Edward Clinton Lee, Esq., Drexel Building, Philadelphia, Pa., is col- 
lecting the records for a genealogy of the descendants of William Lee of Bucks 
County, Pa. It will include the Lee Family of Bucks County. This William is 
said to have been a near relative of Richard Henry Lee of 1776. His descen- 
dants for many generations were quakers. 

Pillshury. By Mrs. E. A. Getchell of Newburyport. — The ancestor of this 
family, William Pillsbury, settled at Dorchester in 1641, and died in Newburv, 
1686. 

Poole. By William P. Greenlaw, No. 245 Putnam Avenue, Cambridgeport, 
Mass.— John Poole, the emigrant ancestor, died in Reading, Mass., April 1, 1667. 

Savary. — In the Register for April, 1881 (vol. 35, p. 184), a genealogy of 
this family was announced as in preparation by A. W. Savary. In October, 
1887, Judge Savary contributed an article on the" early generations of the Savary 
families to the Register (vol. 41, pp. 369-88). We have just received a pros- 
pectus of the book on which he has" so long been engaged, and which will be 
issued this year from the press of Alfred Mudge & Son, 24 Franklin St., Boston, 



190 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

Mass., if a sufficient number of subscribers to pay the cost of publication are 
obtained. It will make a volume of about 200 pages, and will be furnished at 
four dollars a copy, express or postage prepaid. The title of the book will be, 
"The Savery Families (Savory and Savary) of Xew England and Philadelphia 
and the Savery Family": a Genealogy with Biographical Sketches, including 
an extended sketch of the Life and Labors of William Savery, Minister of the 
Gospel in the Society of Friends, by A. W. Savary, M.A., of Annapolis Royal, 
N. S., assisted in the Genealogy by Miss Lydia A. Savary of East Wareham, 
Mass. Subscriptions should be addressed to A. W. Savary, Esq., Annapolis 
Royal, Nova Scotia. 

Local History in Preparation : 

History of Taunton, Mass. — The Rev. Samuel Hopkins Emery, D.D., of Taun- 
ton, president of the Old Colony Historical Society, and author of "The 
Ministry of Taunton," published in 1853, has in preparation a history of that 
ancient town. Persons having facts or documents relating to Taunton are 
advised to send them at once to the Rev. Dr. Emery. Though the town records 
were burnt half a century ago, there is still much material preserved relating to 
the place, aud with so competent an historian as Dr. Emery the book cannot 
fail to be valuable and interesting. 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 
New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Massachusetts, Wednesday, January 6, 1S92. — The annual meeting 
was held in Jacob Sleeper Hall, No. 12 Somerset Street, this afternoon at three 
o'clock, the president, Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., in the chair. After the 
transaction of the business of the regular monthly meeting, the business of the 
annual meeting was taken up. 

Hamilton A. Hill, A.M., presented the annual report of the Council. It con- 
tained abstracts of reports to the Council by the chairmen of several com- 
mittees, namely : the President of the society for the committee on the society's 
house; Rev. Henry A. Hazen, D.D., for the library committee; Rev. Heury F. 
Jenks, A.M., for the publishing committee; William S. Appleton, A.M.. for 
the committee on English research; Hamilton A. Hill, A.M., for the committee 
on memorials; Mr. Henry E. Woods, for the committee on heraldry; Rev. 
David Greene Haskins, S.T.D., for the committee on papers and essays; 
Rev. William C. Winslow. LL.D., for the committee on donations; George K. 
Clarke, LL.B., for the committee on the rolls of membership ; John Ward Dean, 
A.M., for the committee to assist the historiographer; and Mr. Henry H. Edes, 
for the committee on the society's records. 

Rev. Ezra Hoyt Byington, D.D., the librarian, made his annual report. The 
additions to the library during the year were 682 books and 1947 pamphlets. 

On motion of Charles S. Ensign, LL.B., the thanks of the society were voted 
to the Rev. Ezra Hoyt Byington, D.D., the retiring librarian. 

Mr. Benjamin B. Torrey, the treasurer, reported that the annual receipts were 
$3,593.20, and the expenditures were 83,145.08, leaving a balance of 8448.12. 

The trustees of the Kidder Fund reported that the receipts, including a balance 
at the beginning of the year, were 8306.80, of which 8153.36 had been expended 
for the purchase of books, leaving 8153.44 on hand. The fund amounts to 82000. 

Andrew McFarland Davis, S.B., chairman of the nominating committee, re- 
ported a list of candidates for officers for the ensuing year. George A. Gordon, 
A. M., nominated a list of candidates identical with the regular list except the 
candidates for president and corresponding secretary. The regular list was 
duly elected by ballot as follows : 

President. — Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M. 

Vice-Presidents. — Benjamin Apthorp Gould, LL.D. ; of Cambridge, Mass; 
Joseph Williamson, A.M., of Belfast, Me. ; Joseph Bu^been Walker, A.M., of 
Concord, X. H. ; James Barrett, LL.D., of Rutland, Vt. ; Elisha Benjamin 
Andrews, D.D., LL.D., of Providence, R. I. ; Edward Elbridge Salisbury, LL.&. % 
of New Haven, Conn. 



1892.] Societies and their Proceedings. 191 

Recording Secretary.— Gustavus Arthur Hilton, LL.B., of Boston, Mass. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Mr. Henry Herbert Edes of Boston, Mass. 

Treasurer. — Mr. Benjamin Barstow Torrey of Boston, Mass. 

Librarian. — Henry Winchester Cunningham, A.B., of Boston, Mass. 

Members of the Council for three years. — Andrew Preston Peabody, D.D., 
LL.D., of Cambridge, Mass. ; Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., Boston, Mass. ; Mr. 
Benjamin Greene Smith of Cambridge, Mass. 

Francis H. Brown, M.D., the corresponding secretary, presented his report. 
During the year 1891, seventy-eight gentlemen accepted membership, three 
of whom were honorary members and seventy-five resident members. 

Hamilton A. Hill, A.M., the historiographer, reported the necrology con- 
taining the names of three honorary, eleven corresponding, ten life and six 
resident members, who died in 1891, and of two corresponding members who 
died in 1890. 

President Goodell then delivered his Annual Address. 

On motion of Hamilton A. Hill, A.M., it was 

Voted, That the president's Annual Address, the proceedings of this meeting, 
and the several reports and papers presented to it, be referred to the council 
with full powers. 

Old Colony Historical Society. 

Taunton, Massachusetts, Wednesday, January 13, 1892. — The thirty-eighth 
annual meeting of this Society was held this day, the president, Rev. S. Hopkins 
Emery, D.D., in the chair. 

President Emery delivered his annual address, in which he referred to the 
small gathering at his house on the 23d of February, 1854, when, under the act of 
incorporation, the first meeting of the incorporators was held, by-laws were 
adopted and officers chosen. '.' Of the twelve original office bearers," he said, 
" only four remain, the Hon. John Ordronaux, our first secretary, the present 
distinguished professor of the department of law in New York University; 
Henry B. Wheelwright, now in Europe ; Mr. Edgar H. Reed, the enthusiastic 
antiquary of Taunton, and myself. Let us recall reverently and affectionately 
the names of the eight deceased, Nathaniel Morton, Samuel L. Crocker, Hodges 
Reed, all of Taunton; John Daggett of Attleboro', Ellis Ames of Canton, Wil- 
liam R. Deane and Mortimer Blake, both of Mansfield, and Caleb Swan of 
Easton. All these names were in their time identified with the history of the 
towns they represent. We cherish them as a choice part of the history of this 
Society." 

Dea. Edgar H. Reed, the historiographer, read memorial sketches of two 
deceased members, Mrs. Elizabeth Hart Griswold of Troy, N. Y., who died 
Nov. 18, 1891, aged G9, and Charles Richmond Dabney, who died at Brooklyn, 
N. Y., Dec. 26, 1891, aged 55. 

The secretary read a letter from the executor of James Wilson Smith of 
Providence, enclosing a check for $500, the amount of Mr. Smith's legacy. 

The following officers were unanimously elected : 

President. — Rev. S. Hopkins Emery, D.D., of Taunton. 

Vice Presidents.— Hon. Edmund H. Bennett of Taunton, Rev. William L. 
Chaffin of North Easton. 

Recording Secretary and Librarian. — Capt. John W. D. Hall, of Taunton. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Hon. Charles A. Reed, of Taunton. 

Treasurer.— Dr. Elijah U. Jones, of Taunton. 

Historiographer.— Edgar H. Reed, Esq., of Taunton. 

Directors. — Hon. William E. Fuller, of Taunton: Gen. Ebenezer W. Peirce, 
of Freetown; Henry M. Lovering, Esq., of Taunton; Hon. John S. Brayton, of 
Fall River; Elisha C. Leonard, Esq., of New Bedford; James M. Cushman. 
Esq., of Taunton. 

Dr. Elijah U. Jones, the treasurer, and Capt. John W. D. Hall, the librarian, 
made their annual reports. 

Maine Genealogical Society. 

Portland, Wednesday, January 20, 1892.— The Annual Meeting was held this 
evening at the Historical Society's library in the Baxter Building, the president, 
Hon. M. F. King, iu the chair. 

The first exercise was a magic-lantern exhibition of silhouette portraits taken 



#N$f 
























. 










































192 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

at Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine, while Hon. Lory Odell, of the class of 
1823, was in college, and preserved by hira. Among the silhouettes were those 
of Senator William Pitt Fessenden and President Franklin Pierce, but they 
w T ere mostly of the class of 1S23. They are the property of F. O. Conant. 

Mr. Conant, the secretary, reported the death of four members during the 
year — Roswell M. Richardson, William M. Sargent, John C. Tukesbury and 
James R. Lunt; and the admission of twelve new members. 

The librarian and the treasurer made their annual reports. There is a balance 
of $133.15 in the treasury. 

The following others for the ensuing year were unanimously elected : 

President. — Marquis F. King. 

Vice President. — Albion K. P. Meserve. 

Secretary. — Frederick O. Conant. 

Librarian. — Stephen M. "Watson. 

Treasurer. — Millard F. Hicks. 

Maine Historical Society. 

Portland, Thursday, January 21, 1892. — A meeting was held this day in 
Baxter Building. 

James P. Baxter, A.M., the president of the Society, at the afternoon session, 
read a paper on " Pre-Columbian Discovery." 

Henry W. Wheeler, the historian of Brunswick, Maine, read a paper on " The 
ancient town of Augusta," a settlement at Small Point Harbour, near the mouth 
of the Kennebec. It has existed only a few years, and was abandoned about 
1721. 

Hon. Joseph Williamson gave an account of the discovery of some of the 
historical manuscripts of his uncle, Hon. William D. Williamson, the historian 
of Maine. 

Parker M. Read read a paper on " Samuel Denny of Ancient Georgetown." 

At the evening session, President Baxter read portions of a paper by Llewellyn 
Deane of Washington, entitled " Reminiscences of State Street, Portland, and 
its People." 

Ehode Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, December 15, 1891. — The regular fortnightly meeting 
was held this evening. 

Mr. Henry Crawford Dorr, of New York city, read the first part of a paper 
entitled " Roger Williams and William Harris, or the Controversy between the 
Proprietors and Freeholders of Providence." 

December 29. — A meeting was held this evening. Mr. Dorr read the second 
part of his paper on "Williams and Harris." The remainder will be read on 
some future occasion. 

Virginia Historical Society. 

Bichmond, Monday, December 21, 1891. — The general meeting of this Society 
was held this evening in the hall of the House of Delegates, the president, 
the Hon. William Wirt Henry, in the chair. 

President Henry stated thai in order to awaken greater interest in the Society, 
the executive committee had decided to attempt a new departure, namely, that 
of having papers read at these annual meetings. 

Prof. James Mercier Garnett. LL.D., of the University of Virginia, read the 
first paper at this meeting, the subject being " Early Revolutionary History of 
Virginia, 1773-71." 

Prof. John B. Henneman, Ph.D., followed with a paper on "Historic Ele- 
ments in Virginia Education and Literary Effort." 

Prof. William P. Trent. Ph.D., of the University of the South, read a paper 
entitled "Notes on Recent Work in Southern History." 

Prof. J. L. Hall, of William and Mary College, read a paper entitled" Cata- 
logue of Epitaphs on Ancient Tombstones in York, James City and Warwick 
Counties, Virginia." 

Tuesday, Dec. 22, 1891. —The second general meeting was held this evening, 
President Henry in the chair. 

Hon. R. T. Barton, of Winchester, Va., read a paper on " The First Election 
of Washington to the House of Burgesses." 



1892.] Societies and their Proceedings. 193 

Hon. R. S. Thomas, of Smithfield, Va., followed with a paper on " The Old 
Brick Church in Smithfield, Va., built in 1632." 

Mr. Richard Hayward Gaines, of Richmond, read a paper on "Richmond's 
First Academy, projected by 3VI. Quesnay de Beaurepaire, in 1786." 

Mr. Philip A. Bruce next read a paper on " Agriculture in Virginia during the 
First Twenty Years of the Colony." 

Mr. F. P. Brent being absent, his paper was read by Mr. J. Taylor Stratton. 
The title is " Some Unpublished Facts relating to Bacon's Rebellion In Accomac 
County, Va." 

Mrs. Annie Tucker Tyler read the concluding paper, which was on " Thomas 
Hansford, the First American Martyr to Liberty." 

The annual election then took place, and the following officers were chosen : 

President. — William "Wirt Henry, Richmond, Va. 

Vice Presidents. — J. L. M. Curry, Washington. D. C. ; Archer Anderson, 
Richmond, Va. : W. P. Palmer, Richmond, Va. 

Corresponding Secretary and Librarian. — R. A. Brock, Richmond, Va. 

Becording Secretary. — George A. Barksdale, Richmond, Va. 

Treasurer. — Robert T. Brooke, Richmond, Va. 

Executive Committee. — David C. Richardson, Charles Gorham Barney, Joseph 
Bryan, Edward Virginias Va^ntine. John Ott, Orin L. Cottrell, Thomas Nelson 
Page, Bennett W. Green and J. Alston Cabell, of Richmond, Va. ; William. A. 
Maury, of Washington; Lyon G. Tyler, of Williamsburg, Va., and R. M. 
Hughes, of Norfolk, Va. 

Mr. Lyon G. Tyler offered the following resolution, which was adopted : 

Besolved, That the Society approve the bill now pending in the Legislature 
for the appropriation of 85,000 for copying county court records prior to 1790. 

The meeting then' adjourned. 

Kansas State Historical Society. 

Topeka, Tuesday, January 19, 1802. — The annual meeting was held this 
evening in Representatives Hall. 

An address was delivered by Judge J. S. Emery of Lawrence, on "History 
and Historical Composition," after which Dr. Peter McVicar, president of 
Washburn College, read a paper entitled " Some Reminiscences concerning School 
Lands in the Osage Reservation in Kansas." Dr. Mc Vicar's paper is printed in 
full in the Topeka Daily Capital, Jan. 20. 

Hon. Franklin G. Adams, the secretary, then read the annual report of the 
board of directors on the work of the Society. The report is printed in the 
Topeka Daily Capital, Jan. 21. It shows some interesting facts in reference to 
the historical material collected by this Association. 

The following officers were then elected : 

President. — Ex. -Gov. Thomas A. Osborn. 

Vice Presidents. — Judge B. F. Sampson and Hon. A. R. Greene. 

A board of directors was also chosen, several in place of deceased members, 
or those who declined to serve or had removed from the state. Among those 
was Mrs. Col. Samuel N. Wood in place of her husband. She is the first woman 
that has ever been given a place on the board. The terms of office of Hon. T. 
Dwight Thacher, treasurer, and Hon. Franklin G. Adams, the secretary, have 
not expired. 

State Historical Society of Wisconsin. 

Madison, Thursday, December 10, 1891. — The thirty-ninth Annual Meeting 
was held Thursday evening, December 10, 1891, in the senate chamber in the 
State Capitol, the president, Hon. John Johnson, in the chair. 

The president delivered a brief address. 

The corresponding secretary, Mr. Reuben G. Thwaites, in behalf of the 
executive committee, presented its annual report. 

Hon. N. B. Van Slyke, chairman of the committee on finance, presented his 
report approving the annual report of the treasurer, Mr. Frank F. Proudfit. 

Mr. William A. P. Morris, chairman, presented the report of the auditing 
committee. 

A curator for two years, in place of Dr. Lyman C Draper, and twelve cura- 
tors for three years, were then chosen. Members were also elected. 



194 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [April, 

Thanks were voted to President Johnson for his munificent arift of books dur- 
ing the year, and for the interest shown in the affairs of the Society. 

On motion of Dr. Van Slyke, a committee was appointed for the management 
and letting of the Draper homestead, now the property of the Society, and 
Messrs. Charles Chapman, N. B. Van Slyke and R. G. Thwaites were selected 
as the committee. 

Corresponding Secretary Thwaites" then delivered an address on the Life and 
Character of Lyman Copeland Draper, LL.D. At the conclusion brief informal 
remarks, eulogistic of Dr. Draper's work and career, were made by several 
members. This address is printed in full, with portrait, iu the Society's pamph- 
let proceedings, as is also Dr. Draper's will, by which his library and other 
property are bequeathed to the Society. A subscription paper was then started 
to procure a fitting portrait of Dr. Draper for the Society's gallery. 

A paper on thelate Hon. Asahel Fitch of Milwaukee, by Hon. A. M. Thom- 
son, was presented and ordered to be printed. 

Messrs. R. G. Thwaites, N. B. Van Slyke, Charles E. Estabrook, Lucius 
Fairchild and Burr W. Jones were appointed a select committee to further the 
project of a new building for the Society. 

The officers for the current year, are : 

President. — Hon. John Johnson, of Milwaukee. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Reuben G. Thwaites, of Madison. 

JRecording Secretary. — Eiisha Burbank, of Madison. 

Treasurer. — Frank F. Proudrit, of Madison. 

Librarian. — Daniel S. Durrie (to whom communications may be addressed). 

There are also sixteen vice presidents, eleven honorary vice presidents, and 
thirty-nine curators, of whom three are ex-ofjlcio. 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., Historiographer, of the Society. 

The Historiographer would inform the Society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the limited 
space which can be appropriated. All the facts, however, which can be 
gathered are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in more 
extended memoirs for which the " Towne Memorial Fund," the gift of the 
late William B. Towne, is provided. Four volumes, printed at the charge 
of this fund, entitled ''Memorial Biographies," edited by the Commit- 
tee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of all the 
members who have died from the organization of the society to the year 
1862. A fifth volume is ready for the press. 

Gilbert Nash, Esq., a resident member, elected January 4, 1882, died at East 
Braintree, Mass., April 13, 1688, aged nearly 63. He was a son of Capt. Timothy 
and Mrs. Elizabeth (Gushing) Nash of Weymouth, in which town he was born 
April 28, 1825. He was the seventh in descent from Capt. James 1 Nash, an 
original settler of Weymouth, through Lieut. Jacob, 2 Lieut. Joseph, 3 Job, 4 
Lieut. Timothy, 6 and Capt. Timothy 6 his father. Through his mother, he was 
the eighth in descent from Dea.* Matthew Cnshing, an original settler of 
Hingham, Mass. 

Gilbert Nash was educated in the common schools of his native town. At the 
age of eighteen, in the autumn of 1840, he went to St. Louis. Mo., where he en- 
gaged in the boot and shoe trade with an elder brother Timothy. In the spring 
of 1858 he returned to Weymouth, and was engaged in the shoe manufacture for 
a short time. In 1852 he removed to Boston and entered the employ of the firm 
of which his brother, Abner P. Nash, was a partner, in the boot, shoe and leather 



1892.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 195 

business. A few years later he became associated with his brother, under the 
firm of A. P. Nash & Co., which for many years was a well-known leather house. 
He was engaged in the boot, shoe and leather business, either as principal or 
employee, until his death, living alternately in Weymouth, Boston, Melrose and 
Braintree. 

He was interested in the public schools, serving on the school committees of 
"Weymouth and Melrose. He was for several years one of the auditors of the 
town of Weymouth, and for a time previous to his removal to Braintree one 
of the trustees of the Tufts Library. He was connected with the Congre- 
gational Church as an active worker, serving as a deacon in the Berkeley Street 
Church, Boston, and a teacher in its Sunday school; and as superintendent of 
the Sunday school at Melrose. At the time of his death he was a deacon and 
the superintendent of the Sunday school of the Union Congregational Church of 
Weymouth and Braintree. 

He early developed literary tastes and wrote many articles for the news- 
papers. In the fall of 18G9 he published a volume entitled "Bay Leaves and 
other Poems." He was interested in local and family history and showed a 
great aptitude for antiquarian research. He was one of the founders of the 
Weymouth Historical Society in 1879. and was its first recording secretary, which 
office he held till his death. He was the editor of the two volumes of the pub- 
lications of that society, namely: 1, Journal of Gen. Solomon Lovell, 1881, 
to which he contributed a sketch of the life of Gen. Lovell; 2, Sketch of 
Weymouth, 1885, of which he was the author. Among the unpublished manu- 
scripts left by him are a genealogy of the Nash family of Weymouth, and much 
historical and genealogical matter relating to that town. 

Mr. Nash married 1st, July 26, 1846, Catharine Augusta McKnight of Phila- 
delphia, who died August 29, 1846. He married 2d, December 3f, 1847, Eliza 
Charlotte, daughter of Richard Harbord, a native of London, who died in 
Weymouth in 1883. In 1885 he was again married, to Helen Nash of Loveland, 
Ohio, who survives him. 

An account of his funeral, which was held at the Union Church, Monday after- 
noon, April 16, 1888, is printed in the Weymouth Gazette, April 20, with a sketch 
of his life, to which I am indebted for some of the facts here given. 

By John Ward Dean, A.M. 

Ephratvi George Squier, A.M., a corresponding member, elected Mav 1, 
1861, died at Brooklyn, N.Y., April 17, 1888, aged 66. He was born in Bethle- 
hem, N.Y., June 17, 1821, the son of a methodist miuister whose father Philip 
Squier was a soldier in the revolutionary war. When a youth, he worked on a 
farm in the summer and taught school in winter. At eighteen he published a 
village newspaper in Charlton, N.Y.> and studied civil engineering. He after- 
wards removed to Albany, N. Y., where in 1840 he edited the Parlor Magazine, 
which the next year was succeeded by the Poet's Magazine; but only two num- 
bers of the latter periodical were issued. From 1841 to 1842 he contributed to 
and virtually edited the New York State Mechanic, published at Albany. In 1843 
he published " The Chinese as they are." The same year he went to Hartford, 
Ct., and for two years edited the Hartford Daily Journal, a whig newspaper, 
and was an ardent supporter of Henry Clay, then a candidate for the presidency 
of the United States. In 1845 he became the editor of the Scioto Gazette, at 
Chillicothe, Ohio, and held the position nearly three years. He was clerk of the 
Ohio legislature during the winter of 1847-8. With Edward Hamilton Davis, 
M.D., he wrote ''Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley," published in 
1848 in the first volume of the i: Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge." 

When Gen. Zachary Taylor became president of the United States, in 1849, 
he appointed Mr. Squier charge d'affaires to the republics of Central America. 
In that position he negotiated treaties with Nicaragua, Honduras and San Sal- 
vador respectively. In 1863 he was appointed United States commissioner to 
Peru. He was the first president of the Anthropological Institute of New York 
in 1871, and a member of a large number of learned societies. For several years 
he was chief editor of Frank Leslie's publications. He has published numerous 
works on archaeological, historical and geographical subjects. A list of them 
will be found in Allibone's Dictionary of Authors, vol. 2, pp. 2215-6, Duyckinck's 
Cyclopaedia of American Literature, vol. 2, pp. 695-7, and the Cyclopaedia of 
American Biography, vol. 5, p. 641. Among them may be named '• Aboriginal 

VOL. XLVI. 17 






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196 Necrology of the Historic Genealogical Society. [April, 

Monuments of the State of New York," 1849 ; " Serpent Symbols," 1852; "Nica- 
ragua — its People, Scenery and Monuments," 1852; "Notes on Central America," 
1854; " Waikua, or Adventures on the Mosquito Shore," 1855; " The States of 
Central America," 1857; "Monographs of Authors -who have written on the 
Aboriginal languages of Central America," I860: "Tropical Floras and their 
Economic Extraction," 1861; "Peru: Incidents and Explorations in the Land 
of thelncas," 1877. 
Mr. Squier was an extensive contributor to periodical literature. 

By John Ward Dean, A.M. 

Eleazer Franklin Pratt, Esq., Boston, a resident member, elected Feb. 6, 
1850, died in this city Oct. 14, 1888, aged 75 years and six months. He was born 
on Sheafe Street at the North End, Boston, May 14, 1813 ; was educated in 
the public schools, and graduated from the Eliot School with a well deserved 
Franklin medal. He was a playmate with Edward and Henry Ward Beecher, 
who lived on the same street. He continued throughout his life to take an 
interest in the welfare of that part of the city. He was one of the oldest mem- 
bers of the Eliot School Association, and wrote some interesting accounts of the 
school in its earlier days. For years he had been a member of the Old School 
Boys' Association. 

He was a scholarly man and particularly interested in the study of history and 
theology. Exceedingly fond of the lineage of his family, he had devoted much 
time to a history of his branch of the Pratt family in which he was an authority, 
and which at his decease was nearly ready for the press. 

He began his business career, about a year after attaining his majority, in the 
wholesale drug and paint business in this city, under the Arm name of Pratt & 
King, which led to the subsequent establishment of the present house of E. &F. 
King & Co., one of the largest in the trade in the United States. 

Mr. Pratt retired from business in 1849, and devoted himself to literary pur- 
suits. He was a thorough Unitarian and a member of the late James Freeman 
Clarke's church. 

He was much interested in the General Theological Library, of which he was 
an officer. The late Mr. Alexander Young, in the Boston Post, over the signature 
of " Taverner," thus speaks of him : " The life of this courteous gentleman was a 
singularly happy one, and his death, surrounded by his family, was as he wished 
like falling to sleep. Retiring from business about fifty years ago, he had 
the tastes and capacity for the enjoyment of leisure such as few of this genera- 
tion of struggling money getters are favored with. He took a deep interest in 
the cause of good government and was faithful in the performance of his duties 
as a citizen. His kindly instincts led him to aid those on whom fortune had 
turned her back, and his interest in young men was a pleasant feature of his 
genial activities." 

By franklin S. Pratt, Esq., of Boston, Mass. 

Ebenezer Torrey, A.M., a resident member, elected Nov. 6, 1867, was born 
in Franklin, Mass., August 16, 1801. He fitted for college at the Leicester and 
Lancaster academies, and entered Harvard in 1818, graduating in 1822. He 
went to Fitchburg, and studied law with John Shepley ; in 1825 he was admitted 
to the bar, and for two years practised alone. In 1«27 he formed a partnership 
with Nathaniel Wood (Harvard College 1821), which continued during nearly 
half a century, and until the death of Mr. Wood in 1876. Mr. Torrey was 
treasurer of the town of Fitchburg for thirty successive years. He was one of 
the incorporators of the Fitchburg Bank, formed in 1832, and served it as 
cashier and president. He was also a trustee of the Worcester Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company. In 1832, and again in 1847. he was a member of the 
Massachusetts House of Representatives, and in 1849 he was a member of the 
Massachusetts Senate, and chairman of the committee on banks and banking. 
In 1853 and 1854, he was a member of the Executive Council with Governors 
John H. Clifford and Emory Washburn. As this record shows, Mr. Torrey was 
an enterprising, public spirited and highly trusted citizen. He was a leading 
member of the Unitarian Church in Fitchburg, and was exemplary in all the 
relations of life. He died at Fitchburg, Sept. 3, 1888. He was twice married, 
first to Frances Houghton of Fitchburg, secondly to Sarah Arnold of Uxbridge. 












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1892.] Booh Notices. 197 



BOOK NOTICES. 

[The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 
mail.] 



The Archives of the Corporation of Andover. By the Rev. R. H. Clutterbuck, 
Rector of Peuton Mewsey. Part I. Reprinted from the " Andover Adver- 
tiser." Sin. 8vo. pp. SO. Price one shilling. 

The town of Andover in Hampshire, though but a small place, is still of some 
importance as the centre of a large agricultural district, and anciently, no 
doubt, when the textile trades were carried on in this part of the county, was 
of no small note. From a very early date it was a corporate town, and the 
men of Andover received the grant of a gild merchant upwards of seven 
hundred years ago. Necessarily there has been a vast accumulation of records, 
and it is most remarkable how very many of them have been preserved to our 
day. The rolls on which are recorded the maneloquium or " morrow speech " 
of the town council — the minutes, as we should say now — go back as early as the 
reign of Henry III., and so do the enrolments. Only those who have seen 
these records have any idea how extensive and- numerous they are. Fifty-five 
years ago Mr. Pootner, the then town clerk, reported to the Record Commission 
that neither he nor anyone in the district could read them. The corporation 
even then was alive to the importance of taking care of them, and employed a 
Mr. Titheridge to sort them. He catalogued them to some extent, but there re- 
mained and has remained ever since a vast mass of parchments and papers 
in utter confusion. Lately the town council has taken up the question of their 
assortment, and the task of classifying them has been entrusted to Mr. Clutter- 
buck, a beneficed clergyman in the neighborhood of Audover, who has had 
great experience in decyphering records. The present pamphlet is the result of 
some of his work. Very wisely instead of waiting till every document was 
examined and classed, he has made abstracts and extracts as he has gone along, 
and sent them week by week to the local newspaper. The result is perhaps 
somewhat mixed, but antiquaries wiii not grumble when they see the mass of 
information thus placed before them. 

In the present part we have first some wills of local people, and then come 
"Abjurations tern. William III.," with many lists of names. Next are two 
bundles of " Recognizances," 1649-1702. Then follow a series of '• indictments," 
temp. William III., as well as miscellaneous documents. At page 39 we find an 
excellent account of the court leet of Andover and its local features. Mr. 
Clutterbuck gives numerous extracts of the time of William III., from the pre- 
sentments of the jury with lists of the inhabitants returned by th? tithing men, 
followed by specimens of the presentments made at the view of Frank pledge 
in the time of Elizabeth. 

The records of Andover will be of great interest to New-England folk, for 
Andover, Mass., was largely peopled from the old Hampshire town. Mr. Clut- 
terbuck has intimated that while the sorting goes on he is willing to note any 
names of interest to American genealogists. After his work is completed that 
will not be possible, as the records are unindexed. 

When we remember that this work originally appeared in the columns of a 
newspaper it must be admitted that it makes a very respectable show, and the 
proprietors of the Andover Adcertiser must be congratulated on the result. 
Their example is one which might with advantage be followed by other local 
newspapers. We shall look forward to the next part, and can cordially recom- 
mend it. It is a marvel of cheapness. 
By W. P. W. Phillimore, M.A., B.C.L., of London, England. 

History of Braintree, Massachusetts (1639-1708). The North Precinct of 
Braintree (1708-1792), and the Town of Quincy (1792-1889). By Charles 



198 Book Notices. [April, 

Francis Adams. Cambridge: Printed at the Riverside Press. 1391. 8vo. 
pp. 365. Fifty copies only printed and distributed by the author. 
Some Phases of Sexual Morality and Church Discipline in Colonial New England. 
By Charles Francis Adams. (Reprinted from the Proceedings of the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society, June, 1891). Cambridge: John Wilson & Son, 
University Press. 1891. 8vo. pp. 45. 

Here may be read the rise and course of a New-England town, whose citizens 
were mostly rude, uncultivated, often perverse, men, endued with the ordinary 
attributes of seltishness, yet controlled and directed by the few more intelligent 
and broader minds, at whose head for the early generations was the minister 
and, later, the wealthy and educated families, whose fortunes acquired else- 
where supported them in ease and moderate affluence on the barren soil. When 
the throes of revolution came, it is evident how eagerly the humbler classes, 
who had little to lose, entered into it, and how reluctant and hesitant were the 
more wealthy; how small a portion of the men went to war with the mother 
land ; and how lightly the expense of the struggle was borne. The mighty 
change which took place, when the money value of the ledges beneath the hard 
surface was developed, is clearly set forth, leading forward to conditions 
which forced the expansion of the town into the city of to-day, and its prepara- 
tion for incorporation, by and by, into the larger Boston of the future. 

The iufluence of the Norman element was for the best interests of the whole 
community. In no New-England town was the energy, the enterprise and the 
formative power of the blooded families, settled among the people, more pro- 
nounced than as exemplified by the Quincys, the Apthorps, the Borlands, the 
Cleverleys and the Vassalls of Braintree. Content to subsist on the product 
of their farms, with very moderate margins for income, they dwelt as did their 
humbler neighbors, in every day life and labor; but their wise and masterful 
direction of public affairs was manifest and paramount at the annual March 
meetiug, where the right of free discussion and vote always existed. In busi- 
ness there was very small traffic, for there was almost no money, and no surplus 
was raised. The farming barely supported the inhabitants : probably would 
not, had not proximity to Boston and easy access by water furnished a ready 
market for the cider, the pumpkins and the beans, spared from slender hoards 
to supply indispensable wants and the taxes. Small fisheries flourished, and 
vegetables were exported to Spanish and other tropical, or semi-tropical, ports. 
Out of this and, as it grew, quitting Braintree, came Colonial commerce and the 
hardy seamen who conducted it. In this history, that of Braintree was very 
similar to that of other Massachusetts coast towns ; the gentle blood filled the 
highest political stations, while the deacon, the highest elective church official, 
came from the plain people. The minister was imported and, we are afraid, 
very meanly and grudgingly supported. The narrow thoughts and petty lives 
of the towns-people, the vulgarity of their manners, the lax moral tone and 
universal intemperance, prevalent in the Colonial period, are well known to all 
students and searchers of county records. Distilleries were frequent, taverns 
ubiquitous and every country store had its open bar. The indictments of the 
grand juries evidence the gross indulgence, of which only the most flagrant and 
grievous cases came to public notice. The records of Essex and Middlesex 
parallel, if not surpass any cases cited in the pamphlet, whose title is given 
above and which is printed as an appendix to this volume. Great stress was 
practised in haling before the courts respondents for acts, to-day regarded as 
private or of small public concern. 

All this and much more Mr. Adams shows in a series of delightful chapters, 
with full record of the ultimate changes effected by the railway and the granite. 
Such is the wholesome flavor of the antiquary and the political philosopher, 
which pervades the volume, that one is at a loss for preference between the 
Braintree of the past and the Quincy of the present; or to determine if, indeed, 
the author has such a preference. As Mr. Adams announces this volume 
preliminary to a more extended work, we hope he will see his way to add ap- 
pendices of town and church official lists; records of births, marriages and 
deaths, with more extended genealogies of the leading families, whose reputa- 
tion at d fame have carried the name of the city into almost half the states of 
the Union, even to the distant commonwealths on the Pacific Coast, as well as 
furnished an acceptable prsenomen in innumerable instances. 
By George A. Gordon, A.M.., of Somerville, Mass. 















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1892.] Book Notices. 199 

Tear-Book of the New York Society of Sons of the Revolution. New York : 

Exchange Printing Company. 8vo. pp. 282. 

This handsome specimen of the printer's and binder's skill surpasses the 
previous publications of this Society, the pioneer in arousing a worthy respect 
for the men who fought in the War of the Revolution. 

Instituted in 187(3, re-awakened and re-organized in 1883, since the later date by 
its example it has been the means of creatiug an interest throughout the Union 
and has extended the right hand of fellowship to societies organized in the 
states of Pennsylvania, District of Columbia, Iowa, New Jersey, Georgia and 
Massachusetts, uniting with them and forming a National Society. 

Lists of the officers of the different state societies are found in the pages of 
the book, the Constitution of the General Society and By-Laws of the New York 
Society. 

The importance of the work to genealogists lies in an alphabetical list of the 
members' names, with their relationship to their Revolutionary ancestors and 
the active service of the ancestor through whom their claim for membership 
rests. As such claims are from authorized documentary evidence, the accuracy 
of the record can be readily appreciated by those who have been furnished 
traditionary evidence of by-gone days. 

The prevalence of prominent names of the Revolutionary period is marked on 
a perusal of the record of its nine hundred and two members, a majority of 
whom have supplementary claims of descent from active participants in the 
struggle for freedom ; that the energetic spirit which pervaded the soldiers and 
statesmen of those days has not deteriorated is evidenced by the fact that the 
New York Society includes in its membership men of high social standing and 
familiar to all the present generation by their national reputation in their different 
callings. 

Incorporated in the work is the stirring address delivered by Prof. Henry P. 
Johnson on May 11, 1891, on " Ticonderoga, or the Defeat of the Old World in 
the New," and a poem on " The Name of Washington," by Geo. Parsons Lathrop. 

Several illustrations specially engraved for this work are inserted, one of 
which is a portrait of Washington copied from Conder's picture. 

By Walter K. Watkins, Esq., of Chelsea, Mass. 

Tear-Book of the Connecticut Society of the Sons of the American Revolution for 

1891 ; to ichich is prefixed a History of the Organization of the Society, set forth 

in Official Reports. Hartford, Conn. : Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company. 

1892. Pp. 214. Price $1.00. 

On the organization, March 7, 1889, of the New Jersey Sons of the American. 
Revolution, by a few of the members of the New York Society of Sons of the 
Revolution, a circular was issued by the New Jersey Society for the formation 
of state societies. 

Connecticut promptly responded in April, 1889, organizing a state society. 
Unlike the New Jersey and other of the state societies of the Sons of the 
American Revolution, the Connecticut Society's requirements for membership 
are more strict and similar to those of the Sons of the Revolution, with whom 
from a similarity of names it has often been confounded. That the parent 
name of Sons of the Revolution be taken is the desire of many members, and it 
can be readily appreciated by all as a simple solution to rectify an unfortunate 
choice of a name, and where a common interest demands union in words and 
deeds. 

The history of the growth of the society shows the untiring efforts of its 
officers and members, which have culminated in producing a membership of 
over five hundred. 

Added to a list of members is a valuable necrology of those who, having 
reverenced the deeds of their ancestors, have joined the great army as fellow 
members with them. 

The typographical qualities of the book are enhanced by photo-mechanical 
reproductions of portraits of Jonathan Trumbull and Israel Putnam. 

The work as a whole reflects .great credit on the Committee of Publication, 
Messrs Joseph W. Woodward, Lucius F. Robinson, Jonathan F. Morris, Lucius 
P. Deming and Rufus W. Griswold. 

By Walter K. Watkins, Esq., of Chelsea, Mass. 

VOL. XLVL 17* 




































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200 Book Notices. [April, 

Town Records of Manchester, from 1718 to 1769, as contained in the " Com- 
moners' Records" and the "Fourth Book of Town Records," 1736 to 1786. 
Volume II. Salem, Mass.: The Salem Press Publishing and Printing Co., 
1891. 8vo. pp. 212. 

The publication by the town of Manchester, Mass., of a printed volume con- 
taining all the general records of the town which have been preserved to us 
from the beginning down to the year 1736, comprised in the Second and Third 
Books of the Town Records, was noticed in the Register for January, 1890 
(xliv. 125), and the hope was expressed that the good work would not be 
allowed to stop there, but that steps should be taken to carry it on to completion. 
At the annual town meeting held in March, 1S90, the town voted to continue 
the printing of its ancient records, and the volume before us is the result. It 
contains the Fourth Book of the Records of the Town, from 173(3 to 1786, with 
the exception of certain tax lists and. constables' receipts. There are added 
also extracts from the volume entitled " Commoners' Records," beginning in 
1718 and ending in 1769. These extracts were printed in accordance with 
another vote of the town passed at the same meeting. The volume is provided 
with an index of persons arranged by Christian and surnames, and an index of 
places and subjects. 

To the able and efficient town clerk. Alfred S. Jewett, and the committee, 
Daniel Leach, D. L. Bingham and William H. Tappan, who have so cordially 
co-operated with him, the town is indebted for the success of this effort to pre- 
serve from destruction the fast-decaying records of one of the oldest towns in 
Massachusetts. It must be remembered that these ancient records concern not 
only those who now live within the narrow limits of the town, but the de- 
scendants, scattered all over the Union, of its early settlers, and indeed all 
antiquaries and historical scholars everywhere throughout the land, for they 
are part of the history of the Commonwealth, and that history cannot be 
properly written without a thorough study of the history of the towns that 
comprise it. The printing of such volumes as these is now for the first time 
making these town records accessible to the historian. 

The hope is again expressed that long before the approaching celebration of 
the 250th anniversary of the town, all its records from the earliest times down 
to at least the beginning of the present century, if not later, may be put beyond 
the reach of destruction by the art of the printer. The printed page is a monu- 
ment more lasting than brass, and it is the only monument which is imperish- 
able. 
By John T. Hassam, A.M., of Boston. 

Young Folks' History of the United States. By Thomas Wentworth Higginson. 
Boston : Lee & Shepard, Publishers. New York : Charles T. Dillingham. 
1891. 8vo. pp. vi.-K00-f-33. p r i ce $1.50. 

This very readable little history will be instructive to adults as well as to 
children. Col. Higginson treats his subject carefully, fairly, and in a way 
which ought to interest the young. The period of the civil war. perhaps the 
most difficult of any to the historian, especially to the writer of a " popular" work, 
is admirably portrayed. Col. Higginson is well quaiiried for his task, and has 
shown discretion not only in what he has so well arranged and condensed, but 
in what he has omitted altogether. The illustrations are numerous and pleasing, 
and the chronological table, and the questions, which latter fill thirty-three pages, 
will be of great assistance. The list of ;; Books for Consultation " contained in 
the appendix, and the statistics given, show excellent judgment in selection. 
The volume contains a map of what is now the United States, with data explain- 
ing the accessions of territory at different times. We have examined several 
" popular" state histories in the past few years which fail to serve the purpose 
for which they were intended, because the works are superficial and lacking 
in the very respects and characteristics which commend the volume before us. 
A "popular" history which does not contain the constitution of the state or 
nation which is its subject, and which devotes a few lines only to one important 
epoch, and many unnecessary pasjes to another, is a poor tiling. We take 
pleasure in recommending CoL Hig<?inson's book, and consider it a remarkably 
good Young Polks' History of the United States. 

By George Kuhn Clarke, LL.B. of Needham, Mass. 





















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1892.] 



Book Notices. 201 



The Original Mother Goose's Melody, as issued by John Newbery, London, circa 
1760 ; Isaiah Thomas of Worcester, circa 17 85, and Monroe <£ Fraiicis, circa 
1S25. Reproduced in facsimile from the first Worcester edition. Wi'h Intro- 
ductory Notes. By William H. Whitmore. To which are added The Fairy 
Tales of Mother Goose, first collected by Perrault in 1606, reprinted from the 
original translation into English by 12. Samber in 1720. Damrell & Upham, 
The Old Corner Book Store, Boston. Griffith, Farran & Co., Limited, New- 
bery House, London, 1892. Price $1.50. 

The first edition of Mr. Whitmore's monograph on Mother Goose was pub- 
lished in October, 1890, and was noticed by us in January, 1891. In that work 
Mr. Whitmore successfully showed the true nature of the fables about the 
authorship of Mother Goose's Melodies, which for a quarter of a century have 
been so industriously circulated ; and he showed the true origin of the name 
and the melodies. 

The present edition is much enlarged and improved. The author's positions 
have been fortified by new proofs. Among the newspapers of the second half 
of the last century he finds evidence that the booksellers and printers of Boston 
gave the children of New England a chance to become familiar with some of 
the characteristic melodies collected by Newbery. I have little doubt that 
copies of the whole book, Mother Goose's Melody, were imported and sold in 
Boston soon after Newbery issued it in London. The most important addition 
to this edition is a fac-simile reprint of a New York edition of 1795, of Mr. 
Charles Perrault's Tales, which Mr. Whitmore showed in his last edition gave 
popularity to the name, Mother Goose. A memoir and portrait of Perrault are 
given. Mr. Whitmore's research leaves little to be desired on the questions 
he discusses. 

Montcalm and Wolfe. By Francis Parkman. Fourteenth edition (being part 
seventh of his France and England in North America). Boston: published 
by Little, Brown & Company. University Press, John Wilson & Son. 1890. 
2 vols. 8vo. pp. xvi.-f-51-i and x.-f-502. 

This is the fourteenth edition of a well-known standard work, which tells the 
story of the events that led to the capture of Quebec, and of its important and 
far-reaching results. As a historian we consider Mr. Parkman as able, accurate 
and happy in his style as any of the writers who by laborious research have 
presented to the world trustworthy accounts of the development of the American 
continent. What Bancroft has done to illumine the history of the United 
States, and Prescott to throw light upon the Spanish conquests in the new world, 
Parkman has to a large degree accomplished in his chosen domain, the struggle 
of France and Great Britain for supremacy in America. The second volume 
contains a likeness of Wolfe at the age of sixteen years, and is the only picture 
of him known to exist, as he never after sat for his portrait. 
By George Kuhn Clarke, LL.B. of Needham, Mass. 

Fragments of Revolutionary History. Being hitherto unpublished writings of the 
Men of the American Revolution, collected and edited under authority of the 
District of Columbia Society, Sons of the Revolution. By Gaillard Hunt, 
Registrar and Historian. Brooklvn, N. Y. : The Historical Printing Club. 
1892. 8vo. pp. 200. Price in paper $2.00, in half leather $2.50. 
The interest excited by the formation of Societies of Sons of the Revolution 
have led to the gathering and publication of much that is pertinent to that 
period of the nation's history. 

In this collection of letters, which is mainly in the possession of some of the 
members of the District of Columbia Society of Sons of the Revolution, the 
historian and student will find new material and corroboration of previous 
publications on the Revolutionary War. 

Especially can this be said regarding that part of the struggle when the opera- 
tions were in the southern states. The correspondence of Morgan, Mercer and 
Lafayette are of special value. The interest is also quickened by the addition 
of Washington Letters, the appearance iu print of which is always hailed with 
ardor by the student of American history, and which awaken envious dreams in 
the autograph collector. 

By Walter K. Watkins, Esq., of Chelsea, Mass. 



202 Book Notices. [April, 

A Record, Genealogical, Biographical and Statistical of Thomas Stanton of Con- 
necticut and His Descendants, 1635-1891. By William A. Stanton, Ph.D., 
D.D. Albany, N. Y. : Joel MunseU's Sons. 1891. 8vo. pp. 613. Price $7 
in uncut boards, or $8 in leather binding. 

The Beckwiths. By Paul Beckwith. Albany, N. Y. 1891. 8vo. pp. 384. 
Address the author, Paul Beckwith, Esq., St. Louis, Missouri. 

Autumn Leaves from Family Trees: Historical, Biographical and Genealogical 
Materials relating to the Caufl'man, Chidsey, Churchman, Foster, Montgomery, 
Rodenbough, Shewell and affiliated families. Gathered and pressed for whom 
it may concern, by a kinsman, Thomas Francis Rodenbough. Illustrated. 
New York. 1892. 8vo. pp. 304. Edition 150 copies. A few copies remain 
unsold which can be obtained of Messrs. Clark & Zugalla, publishers, 33 Gold 
Street, New York, for $5 a copy postpaid. 

Genealogy. Strobridge, Morrison or Morison, Strawbridge. By Mary Stiles 
(Paul) Guild. Lowell, Mass. : Vox Populi Press, S. W. Huse & Co. 1891. 
8vo. pp. xxix.-f-299. Edition 500 copies. 

Forbes and Forbush Genealogy. The Descendants of Daniel Forbush who came 
from Scotland about the year 1665, and settled in Marlborough, Mass., in 1675. 
By Frederick Clifton Pierce of Chicago, 111. Published for the author. 
1892. 8yo. pp. 199. 

History of the Dudley Family. Number VI. By Dean Dudley. Wakefield, 
Mass. : Dean Dudley, Publisher. 1S92. 8vo. pp. 114. Price $1 per Number. 

Genealogy of the Estabrook Family, including the Esterbrooks and Easterbrooks of 
the United States. By William Booth Estabrook. Ithaca, N. Y. : Andrus 
& Church. 1891. 12mo. pp. 359. Price : cloth plain S3 ; cloth gilt edges §4 ; 
half morocco §5 ; full morocco S6. Postage 10 cts. extra. 

Wheeler and Warren Families. Descendants of George Wheeler, Concord, Mass., 
1630, through Deacon Thomas WJieeler, 1696, and of John Warren, Boston, 
Mass., 1630, through Ebenezer Warren, Leicester, Mass., 1744. Compiled by 
Henry Warren Wheeler. Albany, N. Y. : Joel MunseU's Sons, Publishers. 
1892. Fcp. 4to. pp. 121. 

Clason, Claicson, Classon, Closson, Clanson. Stephen Clason of Stamford, 
Connecticut, in 1654, and some of his Descendants. Compiled and arranged 
from data chiefly collected by Oliver B. Clason of Gardiner, Maine. By William 
B. Latham. Augusta : Kennebec Journal Print. 1892. 8vo. pp. 144. Cloth. 
Price §2. 

Historical Sketches of John Moses of Plymouth, a Settler of 1632 to 1640 : John 
Moses of Windsor and Simsbury, a Settler prior to 1647 ; and John Moses of 
Portsmouth, a Settler prior to 1640, and a Genealogical Record of some of their 
Descendants. By Zebina Moses. Hartford, Conn. : Press of the Case, Lock- 
wood & Brainard Company. 1S90. 8vo. pp. 138. 

Descendants of Aaron and Mary (Church) Magoun, Pembroke, Mass. With Illus- 
trations and a Complete Index. Third Edition. By Samuel Breck, U. S. A. 
Washington, D. C. : Kufus H. Darby, Book and Job Printer. 1891. 8vo. pp. 
28-f-v. 

Thones Kunders and his Children. Also a list of the Descendants for six genera- 
tions of his youngest son, Henry Cunreds of Whilpain. By Henry C. Conrad. 
Press of W. Costa, Wilmington. Fcp. 4to. pp. 105+23. 

First Re-union of the Hills Family of Franklin, Mass., with Historical Notes. By 
Edwin M. Hills. Published for family purposes, C. A. Hack & Son, 
Taunton. 1891. 8vo. pp. 47. 

A Brief History of the Sheppard Family, formerly seated at the Manors of Avening, 
Minchinhampton and Colesbourne, in the County of Gloucestershire, England. 
With Pedigrees of the Elder and Junior Branches of these Ancient Families. 
Compiled from Authentic Sources by William Albert Sheppard. Calcutta : 
Printed by Thomas S. Smith, City Press, 12 Bentinck Street. 1891. 8vo. pp. 
39. For private circulation only. 



1892.] Book Notices. 203 

The Family of Merriam of Massachusetts. By W. S. Appleton. Boston : David 
Clapp & Son. 181)2. 8vo. pp. 15. 

Notes on the Descendants of James Spencer (Junior) of Spencer Hall, Talbot 
County, Maryland. 1892. 8vo. pp. 26. 

Lee of Virginia. 8vo. pp. 23. 

We continue in this number our quarterly notices of genealogical publications. 

The first book on our list is a bulky volume on the Stanton Family, descend- 
ants of Thomas Stanton, an early settler of New England, who was prominent 
in the affairs of the Massachusetts and Connecticut colonies. The author is the 
Rev. Dr. Stanton of Pittsburgh, Pa. He has evidently devoted great labor to 
the work, and has been very successful in the collection of biographical and 
genealogical facts. The book makes over six hundred pages, and contains over 
one thousand families and more than ten thousand names. Besides the Stanton 
genealogy proper, records of many other families who intermarried with the 
Stantons are here preserved, among which may be named those of Allen, Avery, 
Babcock, Baldwin, Barber, Brown, Bryant, Chesebrowe, Crandall, Denison, 
Frink, Gallup, Geer, Hewitt, Noyes, Palmer, Prentice. Rust, Smith, Thompson, 
West, Wheeler, Wilcox and Williams. The book is well compiled, clearly ar- 
ranged and well indexed. It is printed on thick wmite paper, and is very credit- 
able to the publishers, Messrs. Joel Munsell's Sons of Albany. 

The next book is on the Beckwith family, and is compiled by Paul Beckwith 
of St. Louis, Mo., formerly of Washington, D. C. The earlier portion of the 
volume is devoted to the English Beckwiths, and the later to those of that name 
in this country. A " Roll of Honor " is given, recording the services of persons 
by the name in American wars from 1055 to 1865, evidently a work of much 
labor. The genealogy is very full and is well compiled. It has a good 
index. Mr. Beckwith wishes those interested to send him any records and facts 
which they may possess, and which are not found in this volume, as he wishes 
to continue his History of the American Beckwiths. 

Mr. Rodenbough's i; Autumn Leaves from Family Trees " contains genealogies 
of the seven families whose names are found on the title page, besides genea- 
logical matter relating to other families connected with them. They are care- 
fully compiled. The book is one of the most tasteful of recent additions to 
genealogical literature. It is handsomely printed and bound, and profusely 
illustrated with portraits and other engravings. It has a good index. 

The next book is devoted to the genealogies of the families named on the 
title page. Part I. contains the descendants of William Strobridsre, who came 
from Ireland early in the last century and settled in Middleborough, Mass., where 
he died Nov. 14, 1777, aged 87. Part II. contains the descendants of William 
Morrison, son of Robert, who settled at North Bridgewater, Mass., in 17-10. A 
third part contains a partial genealogy of the Strawbridge family in America 
descended from various stocks. The book is compiled in a very thorough and 
satisfactory manner, is handsomely printed with numerous fine portraits and 
other engravings. It has full indexes. 

The next volume gives the descendants of Daniel Forbush, who settled in 
Marlborough, Mass., in the latter part of the seventeenth century. In the 
Register for April, 1853, the late Andrew H. Ward has an article on " Changes 
in Surnames," and cites numerous ways in which the surname of this settler 
and his descendants appear on the records and elsewhere, such as Farrabas, For- 
bush, Farrowbush and Forbes. The emigrant has many living descendants of 
prominence, many of whom spell their name Furbush, some Forbes, and others 
use various varieties of the surname. The author, Col. Pierce, has had much 
experience as a writer of local and family history, and this book is a good 
specimen of his work. 

A new part of the Dudley genealogy has just been issued, filled with valuable 
matter relating to the Dudleys and their descendants. Some interesting matter 
relating to the English Dudleys, with a view of Dudley Castle and a plan of the 
grounds, is here found. A large portion of the number is devoted to families 
descended from Gov. Thomas Dudley, the Aliens, the Appletons, the Atkinses, 
the Baileys, the Backuses, the Barbers, the Bartletts, the Beans, the Blaisdelis, 
the Blakes, the Blunts, the Bradleys, the Bradstreets, the Brcokses, and other 



.- 
























204 Book Notices. [April, 

families whose names are found in the remaining letters of the alphabet. A 
full biography of Gov. Simon Bradstreet and Anne Dudley his wife, the first 
American poetess, adds much to the value of the work. Fine portraits 
embellish the work. We hope that the author will meet with encouragement 
enough to continue the work. 

The Estabrook volume is a valuable book, and the author has laid those bear- 
ing his name under great obligations. There are various families of Estabrook 
in this country. The ancestor of the earliest appears to be Rev. Joseph Esta- 
brook who came to New England in 1600, was graduated from Harvard College 
in 1664, and three years later was ordained as a colleague of Rev. Edward 
Bulkley over the church at Concord, Mass. The book is well compiled and has 
a good index. 

The book devoted to the Wheeler and the Warren families descended from 
the persons named in the title page. The genealogical and biographical details 
are full and precise. The book is handsomely printed and well indexed. 

Mr. Oliver B. Clason of Gardner, Maine, has been five years engaged in col- 
lecting materials for a genealogy of the descendants of Stephen Clason, an early 
settler of Stamford, Conn. He has placed his material in the hands of Dr. 
William B. Lapham, who has had much experience in compiling family and local 
histories, and who has arranged and compiled the book in a very satisfactory 
manner. 

The book on the several families of Moses whose ancestors are named on the 
title page of the next book contains very satisfactory accounts of those families. 
The compiler, Mr. Moses, of Washington, D. C, has been very successful in 
researches. The book is well arranged, well indexed and well printed. 

The Magoun volume is by Bvt. Brig.-Gen. Samuel Breck, U.S.A., of Wash- 
ington, D. C, the author of the Breck genealogy noticed by us in January, 1891. 
It was prepared as a memorial of the author's grandmother, Mrs. Ruth Church 
(Magoun) Breck, and is a worthy memorial of her and her kindred. 

The work on the Kunders, Cunreds or Conrad family is by Mr. Conrad, attor- 
ney at law, in Wilmington, Delaware. The emigrant ancestor was Thones 
Kunders, one of the little band of German emigrants who in 1683 settled at 
Germantown, Pa. His youngest son Henry, who spelt his surname Cunreds, 
settled at Whitpain, Montgomery County, and it is to his descendants that this 
book is chiefly devoted. The author has been very successful in obtaining 
materials, particularly biographical data relating to the emigrant and his sons. 
The book is well compiled, well indexed and well printed. 

The next work is a report of the proceedings at the first gathering of the 
Hills family, which took place on Monday, Sept. 7, 1891, at the old homestead 
in Franklin, Mass. The historical address was by Mr. Edwin M. Hills of Taun- 
ton, Mass. It contains many interesting biographical sketches of persons of 
the name and blood. The book preserves much valuable historical and genealo- 
gical material. 

The work on the Sheppard family is by Mr. William A. Sheppard of Calcutta, 
India, a nephew of John H. Sheppard, A.M., of Boston, Mass., a memoir of 
whom is printed in the Register for October, 1873. Four years ago Mr. 
Sheppard traced the ancestry of his family to the latter part of the sixteenth 
century, and published a tabular pedigree giving the result of his labors, which 
pedigree was noticed by us in October, 1838. In the present pamphlet Mr. 
Sheppard furnishes much valuable and interesting matter relative to the various 
members of the family. Particularly interesting is the diary of his father, Mr. 
George Albert Sheppard, who was born in Hallowell, Maine, in 179 9 , and died 
in Calcutta in 1857. The earlier portion of the diary has references to many 
prominent New-England people of that day. The tabular pedigree published in 
1887 has been reprinted in this work. 

Mr. Appleton, the author of the next work, contributed to the Register in 
April, 1868, and April, 1870, articles on the Merriam family. He has added 
other matter and revised the whole, and now presents his work on the Family 
of Mirriam of Massachusetts in a much improved form. 

The Spencer notes are by Mr. Theodore F. Jewell of Newport, R. I. They 
contain in a condensed form the result of some years of research. A genealog- 
ical manuscript written in 1849 by Samuel W. Spencer, M.D., of Florida, has 
been used in compiling the pamphlet. 



1892.] Recent Publications. 205 

The pamphlet entitled "Lee of Virginia" is a reprint to the valuable con- 
tribution of Mr. J. Henry Lea to the Register for January and April, 1892. 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

Presented to the New-England Historic Genealogical Society from Dec. 15, 

1891, to March 22, 1892. 

Prepared by the Librarian. 

I. Publications written or edited by Members of the Society. 

George Bancroft. By Andrew McFarland Davis. Pamphlet, pp. 17. Reprinted 
from the Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Vol xxvi. 

The Church and Parish of Great Missenden (Bucks). By Charles Harold Evelyn 
White, Yiear of Christ Church, Chesham. Pamphlet, pp. 32. 

Pemaquid ; Its Forts. By Charles Levi Woodbury. Pamphlet, pp. 18. Reprinted 
from the Hyde Park Historical Record for 1891-92. 

Genuine Letters of Mary Queen of Scots, to James, Earl of Bothwell. Edited and 
arranged by J. Watts de Peyster. Pamphlet, pp. 28. 

The Rev. Joseph Sewall. His Youth and Early Manhood. By Hamilton A. Hill. 
Pamphlet, pp. 11. Reprinted from the New-England Historic Genealogical Register, 
January, 1892. 

The First Congregational (Unitarian) Society of Burlington, Yt. Pages from the 
Church Records. Compiled by the pastor, Rev. H. L. Wheeler. Pamphlet, pp.11. 

Two Hundred and Fifty- third Annual Record of the Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Company. Pamphlet, pp. 96. 

Manual. Congregational Church, Plvmouth, N. H. By Rev. Frank G. Clark. 
1892. 8vo. pp. 97. 

Mysteries and Masques. A paper read before the St. Nicholas Club (New York), 
on Twelfth Night, 1892. By William G. Davies. Pamphlet, pp. 19. 

Charles D evens, ^Extract from the report of the Council, read to the American 

Henry M. Dexter, > Antiquarian Society, April 29, 1891. By George F. Hoar. 

Edward I. Thomas, j Pamphlet, pp. 17. 

II. Other Publications. 
Charles Deane, LL.D. A Memoir. By Justin Winsor. Pamphlet, pp. 47. 
Life and Works of Brasseur de Bourbourg. By Herbert B. Adams. Pamphlet, 
pp. 19. Reprint from Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, at the Semi- 
Annual Meeting, April 29, 1891." 

The Archives of the Corporation of Andover. Part I. By the Rev. R. H. Clutter- 
buck, Rector of Pen ton Mewsey. 12 mo. pp. 80. Reprinted from the Andover 
Advertiser. 

In Memoriam. Dr. John Crowell, M.D., of Haverhill, Mass. 8vo. pp. 260. 
Poem by Dr. John Crowell. Written for the 250th Anniversary of Haverhill. 
1890. Pamphlet, pp. 26. 

Centennial Day of the Presbyterian Church, New Hartford, N. Y., Aug. 27, 1891. 
Pamphlet, pp. 73*. 

The Clubs of Boston. A complete list of members. Published bv N. Wilson & 
Co. 8vo. pp. 442. 

Manitoba Historical and Scientific Society, Winnepeg : 
Annual Report for 1890. Pamphlet, pp. 12. 

A Paper read before it, May 4, 1890, by George Bryce, on "The First Re- 
corder of Rupert's Land." Pamphlet, pp. 5. 
A Paper read before it, January 22, 1891, by George Bryce, on "Surface 
Geology of the Red River and Assiniboine Valleys." Pamphlet, pp. 7. 



DEATHS. 

Capt. Frederic Forsyth of Portland, a merchant of Portland. Frederic For- 
died in that city June 11, 1891, aged syth married Harriette Marie, daughter 
72. His father, Thomas Forsyth, was of Maj. Gen. Joseph Jewett, and left 



206 



Deaths. 



[April. 



two sons, Frederic Gregory and Thomas 
Scott. In early life he was a member 
of the Portland Bine Corps (1839). 
He was an officer in Capt. Thing's 
Pioneers, who started in 1849 from 
Boston overland for California, for gold 
and adventure. After his return from 
the Pacific, he was chosen captain of 
the Rifle Corps. He commanded the 
escort and body guard of H. R. H, the 
Prince of Wales, when he visited Port- 
land in July, 1860. He was an Odd 
Fellow and a member of the New-Eng- 
land Society of California Pioneers. He 
was a highly respected and honorable 
man. 

Mrs. Hannah* (Nehtmiah* Nehemiah* 
Henry, 2 Josiak, 2 Moses 1 of Woburn, 
1640) (Cleveland) Kino, a centena- 
rian, died at Otisco on Thursday eve- 
ning, March 12, 1891. She "reached 
her 102d anniversary of her birth on 
the 16th of February previous. Mrs. 
King came of a long-lived family, the 
Clevelands, distantly related to the 
paternal ancestor of the ex- president. 
They emigrated from Williamsburg, 
Mass., to New York State a few years 
after the Tories were driven from the 
Mohawk Valley. Mrs. King was then 
a child, having been born in Williams- 
burg, Feb. 16, 1789. She recalled with 
distinctness her elders telling of the 
Revolution. The family set their roof- 
tree in Skaneateles in 1817, where the 
deceased was married a year later to 
William King. There were twelve 
children in the Cleveland family, and 
the mother who bore them attained the 
age of 104 years, 7 months. Two sis- 
ters of Mrs. Cleveland lived to be 98 or 
99 years respectively. That longevity 
was inherited may be imagined when it 
is stated that one of Mrs. King's sis- 
ters, Mrs. Olive Cleveland Clarke, died 
aged 101 years, 4 months and 21 days. 
Mrs. Clarke was able on her 100th 
birthday to write her autograph in a 
clear and legible hand. Mrs. King and 
her husband spent their lives on the 
farm at Otisco, excepting ten years 
which they took to reside in Homer, 
Cortland County, a change made to 
favor their children in the matter of an 
education. Their offspring consisted 
of six, of whom three are living, as 
follows : Caroline and Amelia King, 
spinsters, and Mrs. O. B. Stone* of 
Bloomington, 111. The unmarried 
daughters still remain at the family 
hearthstone. Lewis W. Cleveland of 



Skaneateles 19 a surviving brother of 
Mrs. King, and is aged 95 years." — 
Syracuse Standard, Saturday, March 14, 
1891. 

Mr. William Gray Whelden. Died at 
West Barnstable, Friday. Oct. 23, 1891, 
at the ancestral home of the Wheluens 
and the Parkers, William Gray Whcl- 
den, youngest son of Isaac and Eliza 
Davis (Parker) Whelden.f aged 47 
years. He was born in the house 
where he died. His paternal ancestors 
have lived in that part of the Old Ply- 
mouth Colony from the beginning of 
the settlements there, and his father is 
now living at the advanced age of 92 
years. On the maternal side he was 
descended from the Hinckleys, Stur- 
gises and Parkers. His mother was a 
daughter of Rev. Samuel Parker, bom 
at West Barnstable 1742, settled over 
the First Parish in Provincecown Jan. 
20, 1774, and there died in the ministry 
in the spring of 181 1. 

Ln early life Mr. Whelden came to 
Boston and entered the employ of 
Anderson. Heath & Co., wholesale dry 
goods, Winthrop Square; and soon, 
developing a good capacity as a sales- 
man, he was placed in the responsible 
position of managing, as a commercial 
traveller, their trade in central and 
southern New York and northern Ohio. 
A close attention to business over- 
taxed a naturally delicate constitution, 
and he was obliged for a year or more 
to remain at his heme in West Barn- 
stable. With restored health he re- 
turned to Boston and joined the house 
of C. F. Hovey & Co., and renewed the 
acquaintance of his old customers, but 
hemorrhage of the lungs obliged him to 
abandon the nattering prospects which 
his capacity as a salesman insured him, 
and he retired in the prime of life to 
the happy home of his childhood. For 
twenty years he was an invalid, and the 
last ten of these was an unbroken con- 
test with the disease which has at last 
obtained the victory. He was singu- 
larly pure in his life ; patient in sick- 
ness, and bright and cheerful among 
his friends.. All that the love and 
sympathy of his sisters and father 
could do for him were ever at his dis- 
posal. He never married. The funeral 
was on Monday, Oct. 27th, and they 
buried him by the side of his mother 
and brother Samuel, in the cemetery 
near the West Barnstable station. 

T. S. 



* Mrs. Julia A. (King) Stone, widow of the late Rev. Orlando B. Stone, 
t See her obituary, Register, vol. 27, page 112. 



iq# •■-. 





NEW-ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AJD GENEALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



JULY, 1892. 



HON. JOHN PLUMMER HEALY, LL.D. 

Compiled by the Editor. 

John Plummer Healy was born in Washington, N. H., Decem- 
ber 28, 1810. His father was the Hon. Joseph Healy, who was 
born at Newton, Mass., August 21, 1776, and when two years old 
removed with his parents to Washington, N. H. He is said to 
have been a man of a strong mind, with an unusual amount of 
common sense, which made him a leader among his townsmen. He 
was a representative in the Congress of the United States from 1829 
to 1832. He held various state offices, such as member of the 
governor's council, senator and member of the house of -representa- 
tives. His second wife, the mother of John P. Healy, was Sally 
Copeland. The emigrant ancestor of this family was William 1 Healy, 
an early inhabitant of Lynn, who removed to Roxbury and thence 
to Cambridge, where he died Nov. 28, 1683, aged 70. He had 
five wive3. By his wife Grace Butterice he had Nathaniel 2 bp. Feb. 
6, 1658-9, who by wife Rebecca had John, 3 born at Newton, Jan. 
8, 1699. The latter by wife Hannah had John, 4 who married, May 
13, 1762, Mary, daughter of Ebenezer and Subiah (Hall) Wight 
of* Dedham. Their son Joseph 5 was the father of John Plummer 3 
Healy, the subject of this memoir. 

He received his early education in the schools of his native town, 
and prepared for college at Plainfleld Academy. He entered 
Dartmouth College in 1831, and was graduated in 1835. Soon 
after he left college he began the study of law in the office of 
Hon. Daniel Webster of Boston, then United States senator from 
Massachusetts. "Association with so great a man, in the greatness 
of his intellectual powers, must have had an effect on the mind of 
the young law student, and soon after his admission to the bar, in 
1838, we find him assisting Mr. Webster in the preparation and 
trial of his great causes and following his political faith and for- 
tunes."* Mr. Healy became the law partner of the great statesman, 
and "during the most. of the years that the partnership continued 
Mr. Webster was almost constantly in Washington, either in the 
Senate or the Cabinet, and Mr. Healy was much relied on by his 

* Memoir of John Plummer Healy, by Godfrey Morse, 1882, page 5. 
vol. xlvi. 17a 














• 


















' 
















• 

































































208 John Phunmer Ilealy. [July, 

senior for the laborious work of preparing the cases Mr. Webster 
had in charge, and for the business detail of their management."* 

At the election in the fall of 1839, he was chosen by the city of 
Boston a member of the Massachusetts house of representatives, and 
took his seat in January, 1840. Nine years later he was again 
chosen a representative to the Massachusetts legislature from the 
city for the year 1849, and was reelected for the year 1850. In 
1854 he was a senator from the county of Suffolk, and as such was 
appointed chairman of the committee on railways and canals. He 
was also a member of the committees on towns and on education. 
He performed the duties of these offices with faithfulness and ability. 

Through the influence of Mr. Webster while he was Secretary of 
State, Mr. Healv was appointed, by President Fillmore, Judge of the 
United States District Court for the District of California. His 
reasons for declining so flattering an appointment are stated in the 
following quotation from an obituary notice : 

Mr. Healy hesitated much as to accepting; but being warmly urged by 
friends in whom he reposed confidence, at length decided affirmatively in 
the matter, and made preparations to leave for the distant but promising 
field of professional opportunity thus opened to him. To tell how he came 
to recall that decision will be to present not only a biographical fact in its 
proper order, but will vividly illustrate a salient personal trait. Mr. 
Healy's father was the Hon. Joseph Healy, a man of distinction and influ- 
ence in New Hampshire, and representative in Congress of that State dur- 
ing several terms. At the time referred to he was a man of venerable 
years, and withdrawn through decrepitude from all active pursuits. His 
son's appointment and his purpose to accept it had been made known to 
him, so that, when the son came to the ancestral home for the final leave- 
taking, he brought no surprising intelligence. The old man had decided 
upon it as a wise step for his son to take, and upon their meeting so advised 
him, saying: " My sou, you must go; it is your duty to go." Li giving 
utterance to the counsels of wisdom he could not restrain the promptings 
of affection, and burst into tears. It was the turning-point of the whole 
affair, for filial considerations instantly became dominant in the young 
man's mind, and the desire of Webster, the urging of professional friends, 
and the prospects of a career of the highest honor, ceased to have weight 
before the old man's involuntary appeal. Mr. Healy resolved to remain at 
Boston so long as his father should live. Much as he will be lamented by 
those with whom he has held professional and business relations, it is with 
those who have, in more intimate relations, come to know the tender 
sensibilities of the man, and that loveliness of personal character which this 
anecdote bespeaks, that his loss will most deeply be felt.| 

Mr. Webster died in the autumn of 1852, and Mr. Healy con- 
tinued a successful practice at the corner of Tremont and Court 
Streets, where they had long been located. In 1856 he was ap- 
pointed City Solicitor, and heid the office through all the political 
changes of the Boston city government for twenty-five years. In 
1881, the office of Corporation Council was created especially for him. 

• Morse's memoir of Healy, p. 5. 

t Obituary in a Boston newspaper quoted by Mr. Morse, pp. 6-7. 
























• 
























. 
































1892.] John Plummer Ilealy. 209 

There is but one opinion in the public mind as to his administration of 
the office of City Solicitor, and that is, that lie discharged all its duties in a 
conspicuously wise, honest, able, and successful manner. His firmness and 
strong sense of right, and the faith in, and respect for, Ids unflinching 
honesty, conduced much to maintain the proud eminence of Boston for 
municipal integrity and honor among her sister cities on >iis continent. 
Twenty-five consecutive elections bear witness to the faith which many 
successive City Councils had in him. 

Pie was most constant in his attendance in his office, and seldom even 
took a day's vacation, or absented himself from the city. He was most 
courteous to all who came in official relation with him; and no one ever 
left his presence without being impressed with his absolute honesty. He 
was kind to all his associates and subordinates, and was tender and for- 
bearing to the young men connected with his office. His was one of those 
natures which never suspected wrong in any one. His mind was, however, 
thoroughly masculine, and, although not a lawyer who indulged in constant 
reading of law books or reports, he was thoroughly grounded in the under- 
lying principles of the law, and had the faculty of applying these principles 
to his cases whether at nisi prius or in an argument on questions of law 
before the full bench. JSo man had a better knowledge of, or more ex- 
perience on, questions of municipal law than he; and his opinions were 
sought and acquiesced in by many cities and towns outside of Boston. His 
arguments before court or jury were generally short, and he always took 
in and stated the salient points. His power before juries was remarkable; 
and, in the opinion of the Chief Justice of the highest court of this Com- 
monwealth, was peculiarly effective. lie used none of the devices of 
rhetoric; his address to the jury was plain, open, honest talk, as between 
neighbors. He thus gained their good-will and attention ; and, as his 
integrity was known to all, their confidence and favorable verdicts followed. 
The courts all recognized the same traits of hi3 character; and, as he was 
never known to argue frivolous exceptions, he was always listened to with 
closest attention and interest.* 

Mr. Healy died at bis residence in Temple Street, Boston, 
January 4, 1882, aged seventy-one years. Three days later the 
funeral was held at his house, the mayor (the Hon. Samuel A. 
Green) and other city officials, with members of the bar and promi- 
nent citizens, attending. His death was appropriately noticed by 
the City government, by the courts and by the bar. 

Mr. Healy married in December, 1847, Miss Mary Stickney 
Barker, daughter of Mr. Jedidiah Barker of Boston, who survives 
him. Their only son Joseph, a young lawyer of great promise, 
died April 18, 1880. He was born August 6, 1849, was graduated 
at Harvard University in 1870, and at the Harvard Law School in 
1873. His death was a severe blow to the hopes of his parents. 

At a meeting of the Common Council of Boston, Jan. 5, 1882, a 
series of resolutions was adopted in which the City Council records 
"its appreciation of the great professional skill with which Mr. Healy 
protected the interests of the city, of his unceasing and courteous 
attention to his duties as legal adviser of the Council, and of the 

* Morse's memoir of Healy, pp. 7-8. 



210 John Plunnner Ileahj. [J u ty» 

many charming qualities of head and heart which made him the 
most agreeable of companions as well as the safest of counsellors. " 
William H. Whitmore, Esq., who prepared and offered these re- 
solutions, has furnished us with the following tribute which shows 
some striking characteristics of the man : 

Having had considerable official business with Mr. Healy, I desire to 
express my remembrance of his unfailing courtesy and good-nature. He 
was often presented with questions largely political or personal. Me 
listened with serenity to the most ridiculous suggestions* waived aside with- 
out ridicule the impossible ones, and gaye consideration and assistance to 
every good project. He was invaluable to the city as an adviser in all 
emergencies, never hurried nor confused; and. as inaccessible to persuasion 
as to menace, his words seemed the embodiment of justice. His manners 
were courteous to all; and when he unbent to his friends, his recollections 
of men and events were charmingly told. 

At the same meeting, the council voted that " the Joint Standing 
Committee on Rules and Orders be instructed to have prepared a 
suitable memoir of the late John P. Healy, and to insert the same 
in the Municipal Register for the current year." The memoir was 
prepared by Godfrey Morse, LL.B., and is an able tribute to Mr. 
Healy's memory. Besides being inserted in the Municipal Register, 
it was printed separately. From this pamphlet we have drawn 
freely.* We quote the following from an editorial in the Boston 
Daily Advertiser, published the morning after his death, which Mr. 
Morse has reprinted in his appendix : 

The roll of city solicitors is a memorable one, and John P. Healy leads 
them all in conspicuously able service. Pickering, Chandler, Ranney, 
Hillard, Healy, are bright names in the official life of the city. His mind 
was purely legal, and his tastes were for the law. He was thoroughly 
grounded in the principles of the law. He was not, as compared with mere 
bookworms, a great student of the books, either in the text-books or the 
reports ; but he was well enough in both those lines of legal learning for 
all practical purposes. In all the Jaw relating to towns and cities and 
municipal corporations he was thoroughly booked on author! r.v and prin- 
ciple, and long experience therein made him a thorough adept. His opinions 
were sought on such matters from all parts of the State, and deservedly 
passed for oracles and models. He was a quiet, modest, and unpretentious 
man. He never pushed for place or prominence. The few oScial trusts 
which came to him came in every instance without seeking on his part, and 
were due solely to the fitness of the man for usefulness in the place. He 
more than once declined preferment, desiring to live and die a practising 
lawyer, and he has died in harness. He belonged to no rings aud took part 
in no cabals. He belonged to no mutual admiration societies, arid he had 
no lot with schemes and schemers. He was a downright, good-ca:ured, true, 
and upright man.f 

* Other authorities are The Historv of Washington, N. H., 1S9S; the VHrht Family, 
by Danforrh P. Wight, pp. 82-3; The Wights, by William Ward Wight, Iv-j. p. 43; the 
History of Newton, by Francis Jackson, p. 307; the History of Cambridge, by Rev. Lucius 
R. £aigc, D.D., pp. 579-*) ; sketches of the Alumni of Dartmouth College, by Rtr. George 
T. Chapman. D.D., p. 277; Register, vol. 35, p. 338. 

f Morse's memoir of Heaiy, p. 23. 



I 






































































































' 



1892.] Otis Family of Montreal. 211 



OTIS FAMILY OF MONTREAL, CANADA. 

By Isaac J. Greenwood, A.M., of New York City. 

The following notes, drawn chiefly from Tanguay's Genealogical 
Dictionary of Canada, may serve to amplify the excellent account of 
the Otis Family which appears in the 4th and 5th volumes of the 
Register. 

Richard Otis, a son or nephew of John Otis of Hingham, Mass., settled 
about 1655 in Dover, N. H., and was there killed by the Indians, towards 
the end of June, 1G89, together with his son Stephen Otis, aged 37 years, 
who by his wife Mary Pitman left a daughter Mary, born about 1 675, 
afterwards the wife of Ebenezer Varney of Dover, and two sons Stephen 
and Nathaniel, who were carried away and sold to the French in Canada. 

The widow (and third wife) of Richard Otis, was Grizel (called by her 
descendants Grizet) Warren, born 1662, daughter of James and Margaret 
Warren. The Indians killed her daughter Hannah, a child of two years, 
and took her and her infant (female) of three months to Canada. Here 
the mother joined the Catholic church, was re-baptized. Tanguay, in his 
list of English captives, has: Warren, Jacques, de Berwick, en Ecosse. 
Irlandaise, Marguerite (sa femme). Marie-Madeleine, nee le 6 mars 1662 
& la jNouvelle-Angleterre; prise en guerre le 18 Juin 16S9; bapt. 9 mai 
1693; 1° m ... a Richard (o) Theys; 2° m 15 octobre 1693, h Phillipe 
Robitaille, k Montreal; au service de M. De Maricour (or Lemoine). She 
was married as Madeleine Warren, veuve de Richard (0) Theys, de 
Douvres, Nouvelle-Angleterre, to Philippe Robitaille, son of Jean and 
Martine (Carmont) R. from Biencourt, province d'Artois, who was buried 
5 Oct. 1740; Madeleine was buried 27 October, 1750 : aged 39. Their 
children were: 

1. Fhilippe, bpt. 5 February, 1695 ; visited bis half-sister in New England and 

remained about a year ; but returning to Canada, was buried 18 Decem- 
ber, 1720. 

2. Jacques, bpt. 29 Januarv, 1695. 

3. Jean, bpt. 10 March, 1699. 

4. George, bpt. 19 April, 1701; bur. 19 February, 1703. 

5. Marguerite, bpt. 2 April, 1703; m. 13 April, 1722, at Montreal to Jean 

Baptiste Biron, bpt. 23 March, 1702, son of Pierre and Jeanne (Dumou- 
chel) Biron, from Peille, bishopric of Saintes. 

The infant, which Mrs. Robitaille brought into Canada at the time of her 
capture in 1689, was educated in the Romish faith, baptized as Christine 
Hotesse, and married at Montreal, 14 June, 1707, to Louis Bau (or Le Beau), 
a joiner, as his second wife. Louis Bau was a son of Jean and Etiennette 
(Lory; Bau, and died 26 February, 1713, aged about 35. Their children 
were: 

1. Louis, bpt. 20 November, 1708; bur. 25 January, 1709. 

2. Marie- Anne- Christine, bpt. 14 June, 1710; m. 20 February, 1726. Pierre 

Treffle, merchant of Montreal, as first wife: bur. at Quebec, 18 Decem- 
ber, 1726, and her infant Pierre on 23 January, 1727, age 1 mo. 13 days. 

3. Marie-Madeleine, bpt. 20 May, 1712. 

4. Louis, m. 1745, Angelique Besset, and was bur. at Chamblay, 24 October, 

1760. 
VOL. XLYI. 17a* 



212 The Gill Lineage. [July, 

Taking advantage of an exchange of prisoners in 1714, the widow Lebeau 
came to New England, but was not allowed to remove her young children 
from Canada. At Northampton she joined the Church, under the Rev. 
Solomon Stoddard, and taking the name of her grandmother Warren, that 
is Margaret (though she was usually called Christine), she soon married 
Capt. Thomas Baker of that place, afterwards of Brookfield, and settling in 
her native town of Dover in 1735, there died 23 February, 1773, aged about 
84 years. Several of her children by the second marriage survived her, of 
whom were Col. Otis Archelaus Sharrington Baker, who died at Dover, 27 
October, 1801, aged 75, and Mary, widow of Capt. Benjamin Bean of 
Epping, who died at Conway, N. H., G February, 1826, lacking but 10 
days of her being one hundred years of age. 

Stephen Otis, eldest son of Stephen who was killed at Dover in 1689, 
is not mentioned by Tanguay, but as Joseph-Marie-Autes of Quebec, he, in 
in October, 1710, conveyed to his bro;her Nathaniel (or Paul) of Montreal, 
all interest he might have to any estate in New England. 

Nathaniel Otis, born 1684, was re-baptized in Montreal as Paul 
Hotesse, and in 1714 released to his brother-in-law Ebenezer Varney of 
Dover, all claim to any estate in New England, lie was a cooper of 
Montreal, and was there buried, 26 December, 1730. He is styled u fils 
d'Etienne (Hotesse) et de Marie Pittman, de Douvres, Nouvelle-Angle- 
terre;" by his first wife Elisabeth Ouabert (Hubbard?) he had: 

1. Paul- Nicholas, bpt. 20 January, 1712; in. 12 October, 1744, Marie-Gene- 

vieve Truteau, and had several children. 

2. Ignace-Laurent, bpt. 11 August; bur. 9 October. 1713. 

3. Marie-Louise, bpt. 13 December, 1714; bur. 11 January, 1715. 

4. Louis, bpt. 14 April, 1716 ; m. 20 October, 1749, Marie Francoise Martineau, 

b. 1728. 

5. Marie- Catherine, bpt. 20 September, 1717; m. 1st, Feb. 8, 1740, Louis 

Pouget; 2d. January 9, 174S, Laurent Bertrand. 

6. Joseph, bpt. 8 September, bur. 15 November, 1718. 

7. Philippe-Marie, bpt. 10 September, bur. 9 December, 1719. 

He married 2d, Oct. 20, 1721, Madeleine Toupin, who was buried Aug. 
28, 1722, aged 26, with her infant. 



THE GILL LINEAGE. 

By Prof. James D. Butler, LL.D., of Madison, Wisconsin. 

The history of genealogical inquiry in the Gill family has some points 
of special interest. Few families can show documentary proof of so early 
and continuous effort to trace their lineage. In few families have genera- 
tions been so sundered by change of language, religion and nationality. A 
search begun without clues has seldom ended in such perfect success. 

In 1768, three brothers, named Gill, born in Canada but of New-Eng- 
land descent, were anxious to ascertain their origin. Their father had 
been captivated in childhood by Indians, as was believed about eighty years 
before, and near Boston. The name of the captive's father was said to be 
Sam or Sagen. The three brothers, with others of their kinsfolk, chose 
one of their number who should go to Boston and its vicinity for genea- 
logical research. This representative was furnished with a letter of recom- 



1892.] The Gill Lineage. 213 

mendation from Guy Carleton, Governor of Canada. He was furnished 
with a statement of the traditions then prevailing among the Canadian 
Gills, relating to the New England origin of their family, and the following 
letter of recommendation from the governor of Canada: 

Francis Robert Gill is recommended to all whom the above may concern and 
that can assist him to hud out his relatives near Boston. 

Guy Carjeton. 
Castle of Quebec, Feb. 26, 17G8. 

By the Lt. Governor's command. 
J. Goldpap, D'y Sec'y. 

Whether the purposed journey was made is doubtful. At all events 
nothing was then discovered. 

But curiosity concerning family lineage was inherited by the posterity 
of the fraternal trio. One of their grand-children, Ignace, born 1808, 
father of Judge Gill, paid sixteen dollars in New England for a book- 
rarity, which he loaned and lost before he had noted its contents narrowly. 
According to his remembrance he read in the first pages that Samuel Gill 
was carried off from Dover by the Abenakis. His impression was probably 
incorrect, as no book with such a statement has been discovered in the ex- 
haustive bibliography of Dover, and since the proof ib now conclusive that 
Samuel Gill was not made captive there. However this may be, the pur- 
chase by Ignace attests the transmission of genealogh al zeal, and his false 
memory regarding Dover gave it a local direction which led at last to the 
truth. 

In 1866, the Abbe Maurault published his voluminous work on the 
Abenakis, — the tribe by which the child Gill had been carried off. The 
Gill history, as there given, abounds in inventions pure and simple. It is 
there stated that the captive was taken in Gilltown, Mass., which had been 
founded by his father, son of a Corporal Gill, who had emigrated from 
England about ] 670. The age of the abducted boy is set down as fourteen 
years, and the route of his captors is specified. This romancing of Mau- 
rault roused Charles, a son of Ignace Gill, born 184:4, to renew the lineage 
hunt, or at least heightened his zeal in that quest. This gentleman, a 
lawyer by profession, and now a Judge of the Superior Court at Montreal, 
knew that the town of Gill is not yet a hundred years old, and he was every 
way more competent than his predecessors for the work he undertook. 

The new investigator found conflicting testimonies concerning the era 
when his ancestor arrived in Canada. According to writings, connected 
with the Governor's commendatory letter, that coming was about the year 
1688. But, as standard histories relate, in 1703 the Abenakis ravaged the 
New-England coast, from Maiue to the gates of Boston; and so would pass 
by Dover — the only place there was any reason to consider to have been 
the home of the captive. Judge Gill was disposed to fix the date oi: 
captivity between 1700 and 1710. The name Sageu, given in the writing 
of 1768 to the father of the captive, the Judge became satisfied was a 
corruption, in Canadian pronunciation, of the title sergeant. He rejected 
the date 1688, which was indicated in the written document as the year 
of captivity, because the captive married young. But, if that date were 
correct, his age at marriage was thirty-four years at least, his first child 
being born in 1716. The tradition that the captive survived till 1758, 
Judge Gill also rejects. Had he been alive in 17o4r, he muct have been 
mentioned in the detailed narrative of the captive Mrs. Johnson, who in 
that year abode for a month under the same roof where, if living, he must 

















































- 




































214 The Gill Lineage. [July, 



have made his home, and would have spoken to her in her own language 
better than any others with whom she had intercourse. 

In 1887, Judge Gill printed, in French, the processes and results of his 
research, — Notes Historiques — -a booklet of ninety-six pages. In this work, 
he confesses a great lack of certitude as to the time when, and the place 
whence, his ancestor had entered Canada. «» 

A year or two after issuing his Notes, Judge Gill became acquainted 
with Prof. J. D. Builer, of Madison. Wis., and Miss C. Alice Baker, of . , 

Cambridge, Mass. Through them he learned something of what he had 
desiderated. Thus it was shown, by those persons, that among the children 
of John Gill resident at Salisbury, Mass., there was a Samuel, born 1G52, 
and that this Samuel became entitled to write himself "in any bill, warrant, 
quittance, or obligation, — Sergeant." It was also made manifest that 
among the nine children of Sergeant Samuel there was a son Samuel, born 
Sept. 16, 1687. 

Moreover, the Salisbury records mention only the birth of Samuel, while 
chronicling the marriages and deaths of his eight brothers and sisters. 
But Miss Baker discovered that, in 1695, when Samuel was eight years 
old, nine captives were taken at Newbury, but were pursued by a rescuing 
party "who brought them all back save one boy that was killed"; or, as 
another account ran, "all the captives but one which they doubt is killed." 

Though the Gills lived in Salisbury and this attack was made in New- 
bury, it seemed not incredible that the missing boy was Samuel Gill; since 
the towns lay side by side. The boy, too, might have been caught away 
from home. Dover also, only thirty miles away, was so near that the re- ^ 

port of the captive's coming from there was nothing strange. 

But Miss Baker further found, in the diary of Rev. John Pike, minister' 
at Dover, a native ot Salisbury, this record: "June 10, 1697, John Young 
of Exiter slain by ye Indians his son wounded, Luke Wells & a lad at 
Salsbury the same day Carried away."* That lad, one would think, might 
well have been the young Samuel Gill. 

On the whole, Judge Gill was so satisfied with the new particulars, 
thickening other proofs which did demonstrate thinly, that in 1889 he printed 
them in a pamphlet of thirty pages, as a second part of his family notes. 

One link was still wanting to complete the genealogical chain, and turn 
its insensate metal into a thrilling electric circle. That link is now no 
longer missing. The Massachusetts Archives (vol. lxx. p. 469), as was 
learned through Miss Baker, show the petition on June 6, 1700, of Ser- 
geant Samuel Gill, of Salisbury, to the Governor and Council, " that they 
will take effectual measures for the redemption of his son, Samuel Gill, 
carried captive by the Indians to Canada, about three years before." 
When the petition was read, three years wanting three days had elapsed. 
But effectual measures were not promptly taken, and hence a second petition, 
for action " with all speed," was presented by Sergeant Gill, May 29, 1701. 

It had always been a family tradition, embodied in a written paper as 
early as 1768, that Sergeant Gill had more than once through agents sent 
to Canada a ransom for his son, but that the boy, preferring life among the 
aborigines, refused to return to his fathers house. Adopted as the son of 
the tribal chief, he at length became the chief himself. His first wife, 
ancestress of the Judge, was a captive from Maine. Through her, and an 
Indian wife after her death, his offspring were so numerous that a large 
majority of the Abenak'13 now claim to have his blood iu their veins. Thus 

* P. 19. Quint's Edition. Cambridge : John Wilson & Son, 1876. 



r 



c* 



1892.] Petition of Palmer Gouiding, 215 

receiving, thanks to the insight of Miss Baker, "his wish, exactly to his 
heart's desire," the culminating key-stone in his genealogical arch, Judge 
Gill has lost no time in committing his last discovery, rounding out all that 
had gone before into completeness, to the custody of the art which pre- 
serves all arts. In March, 1892, he published the third instalment of his 
lineage notes with the autograph of his new-fouud ancestor. He muse 
have cried eureka with something of the rapture which ran through 
Archimedes. 

His production in all its parts is full of minutiae, curious and suggestive. 
But, in the present notice, the sole aim has been to trace in it the hunt of 
a Japhet in search of his father. The Gill chase is of such a nature as to 
encourage others, who have applied themselves to consider the days of old 
in their family annals; but whose way is hedged up, and who thus far, 
after endeavors oft renewed but still baffled, find no end, in wandering 
mazes lost. It also adds an unexpected illustration to the legion already 
furnished, attesting the value of the Massachusetts Archives and the need 
of their publication. 



PETITION OF PALMER GOULDING, 1741, WHO CLAIMED 
SKILL IN CURING RATTLESNAKE'S BITES. 

Communicated by the Rev. John L. R. Trask, D.D., of Springfield Mass. 

Province of the ) 
Massachusetts Bay ) 

To His Excellency the Governour the Hon 11 Counsell, 
and House of Representatives, in General Court assembled September y e 
23: 1741. 

The memoriall of Palmer Gouiding of Worcester Humbly Sheweth 

That your memoralist in his travills, has with a Considerable Cost attained 
to Such Skill and Knowledge, in the Curing the bite of a Ratle Snake 
that were he present when a person was bit he Could so soon Efectually 
Cure it, that y e person would never be Sensible of any hurt, and the Same 
medison if ritely aplyed has noles operation on y e Body of men to Cure 
any Enflamation of y e blood, or to prevent or Cure any breding Sore 
"Whatsoever, a womans Sore brest or fever Sore, — it is allso an infallible 
medison to Cure or prevent the Coming of fistilow or pole Evill in horses, 
which Knolige he is Very willing to Comunicate for y e good of mankind. 
But inasmuch as he was Really at Considerable Cost in gaining y e Same, 
he most humbly prays your Excellency and Honers would upon his Sodoing 
be pleased to make him a grant of Sum of the wild and uncultivated Land3 
of the Province, and your memorilist will Cheerfully Submit, to such terms 
or Conditions Respecting the Setling as your Excellency and Honers in 
your Great Wisdon Shall think proper & as in Duty Bound Shall ever 
pray &c Palmer Goulding. 

Note. — In response to the above petition, the orijjinal of which will be found 
in the Massachusetts Archives, vol. 105 I Petitions, 1643-1775) p. 1G8, a tract of 
land was granted not exceeding two hundred acres on tbe conditions that " he 
shall subdue six acres thereof and bring the same too " fit for mowing and plough- 
ing within three years of the time of the Grant, and 4i do in fact communicate 
this skill in the aforesaid Cures. And such a Description of the Said Medicine 
as it may publickly and infallibly be known. And that he brina credible proof 
of his having successfully applyed the same in these various Cases mentioned 
in his memorial whereof as yet there is no certain demonstration And performs 
the same within twelve months after the present sitting of the General Court." 



216 Descendants of Henry Crane of Dorchester. [July, 

A memorial of like character to the above, and nearly the same in phraseology, 
was presented to the General Court, by Mr. Goulding, several years prior, 
namely, Dec. 12, 1734, but it was dismissed. 

The petitioner produced testimonials from Joseph Freson, of Brimfleld, July 
10, 1733, and Joseph Frost, of the same town, August 28th of that year, who 
had been, as they alleged, speedily and effectually cured of rattle-snake bites, 
on their own persons. Freson says, " in an hour or two I seemed to be well " ; 
the remedy, " a small root, the bigness of a walnut." Jacob Holmes, John 
Gray, Jr. [?] John Durkin, all of Worcester, of the respective dates Nov. 24, 
25, 26, 1734, testified to its successful application on the bodies of a horse, a 
heifer, and a steer. 

Capt. Palmer Goulding, the 15th child of Peter and Sarah Goalding, was of 
Sudbury, Mass., July 17, 1722, when he made a conveyance to "John Biglo," 
of Marlboro', his interest in " land situated in the north part of Worcester, to 
which town he removed the next year," " and there carried on the business of 
tanuing, shoemak'i.ir, making malt, curing hams &c. on an extended scale for 
his day." " Tradition represents him and his children to have been of extreme 
size, very ingenious, and ' capable of doing any thing.' " He was " on a committee 
to seat the meeting, and was included, with Adam Winthrop, Esq., Judge 
Thomas Palmer and 13 others of the aristocracy to whom pews were allowed. 
In 1720 and '29, he was chosen constable; selectman in 1730, '31, and '37; 
treasurer in '38, and assessor in '32, '33 and '36." " He was at the capture of 
Louisburg, June 17, 1745, in command of a company," was largely concerned in 
purchasing and disposing of real estate. He married at Concord, Dec. 4, 1722, 
Abigail Rice, who died at Holden, Feb. 17, 1773, aged 70: had 10 children, 
names given in Morse's Ancient Puritans, vol. i., page 209, from which work 
the above facts are gleaned. Mr. Goulding died "at Holden, Feb. II, 1770, 
aged 75, and was interred at Worcester." 



HENRY CRANE OF DORCHESTER, MASS., AND SOME OF 
HIS DESCENDANTS. 

Compiled by Miss Emily Wilder Leavitt, of Boston, Mass. 

The Braintree, Mass., Town Records of 1640, state that James Penni- 
man, Thomas Matosan, Stephen Kinsley, Gregory Baxter, Samuel Crane 
and William Cheseborough were elected to administer town affairs. This 
is the first association in those records of the names of Kinsley and Crane, 
and here is all there is of Samuel Crane. Whence he came, whither he 
went, who can tell? & 

In 1654, Stephen Kinsley, who was at Mount Wollaston, Mass., in 
1639, with his sons-in-law, Anthony Gulliver and Henry Crane, were 
settled on adjacent farms in that part of Dorchester which was, later, 
incorporated as Milton. 

Henry 1 Crane, who was born about 1621, probably in England, had 
married Tabitha, a daughter of Stephen Kinsley, and had purchased a farm 
of one hundred and twenty acres of land; with its house standing on the 
road which was, according to the selectmen's records of Dorchester, of 1. 
7.1654, " on a way laid out through Dorchester woods, from Braintree 
bounds to Roxbury bounds; beginning near Henrye Crane's house: the J, 

way to lie south west of it, on the old, beaten road wave." This was the 
first road over Milton Hill and was laid out from Braintree, now Quincy. 
By this we learn that Henry Crane bud been settled there for some time; 
but the date of his marriage and the birth of his first two children were not 
entered on the town books; the first that we find being the birth of his 
third child, John, in 1658. 

i. 



1892.] Descendants of Henry Crane of Dorchester, 217 

In Massachusetts Archives, vol. 30, p. 239, there is an autograph letter 
of Henry Crane dated May 7, 1G77. It is written in fine, clear, flowing 
lines, and both composition and spelling show that he must have received 
some scholarly training. It was a reply to an order from the General 
Court. '"Henery Crane hath three Indian Servants, one man, one woman 
and one child, which you have ordered to be sent away. The man has 
been at Noddle's Island for one month; and your petitioner hath not had 
any opportunity to dispose of them, unless he should give them away." He 
then pleads for two months' delay that he may make the best advantage of 
them. 

Shortly after this the General Court summoned Henry Crane to show 
evidence why lands at "Blew Hills" should not be disposed of at its 
pleasure. 

He was chiefly a husbandman ; yet with a tendency to land speculation. 
In 1G83, " Henry Crane, of Milton, bought land of Moses Payn, innholder, 
at the south end of Boston, which said Moses Payn bought of Henry 
Phillips, butcher, and w r as bounded, east by the highway to Roxbury* south 
by Thomas Smith's land, now Andrew Belcher's, northerly, by the. land 
belonging to Theophilus Frary's heirs; together with the beach, and the 
flats to the seaward ; " whilst his later years were much employed in giving 
and reducing mortgages on his possessions. He was one of the selectmen 
of Milton in 1079, 1G80 and 1681, and was one of the trustees of the first 
meeting-house built in Milton. 

His first wife, Tabitha (Kinsley) Crane, died shortly after 1681, and he 

married, second, about 1G83, Elizabeth , who survived him; he died 

at Milton, March 21, 1709. His children were: 

i. Benjamin, b. about 1656; who, when but eighteen years old, enlisted 
in Captain Johnson's company, in King Philip's war, and was 
severely wounded in the battle of Narragansett Sw r amp. Dec. 19, 
1675. 

2. ii. Stephen, b. about 1657. 
iii. Hexky, Jr. 

iv. John, b. at Dorchester, 30. 11. 1658; m. Dec. 13, 1686, Hannah, dau. 

of James and Hannah Leonard; lived in Taunton, Mass. 
v. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 11, 1663; m. 1st in Milton, May 23, 1682, Eleazer 

Gilbert, of Taunton; he d. March 29, 1701; she m. 2d, April 27, 

1705, George Townsend of Taunton. 

3. vi. Ebenezer, b. Aug. 6 (10), 1665. 

vii. Mary, b. Nov. 22, 1666; m. March 28, 1690, Samuel Hackett of 

Taunton, 
viii. Mercy, b. Jan. 1, 1668. 
ix. Samuel, b. June 8, 1669. 
x. Anna C. M., b. 1667; removed to Taunton. 

2. ii. Stephen 2 Crane (Henry 1 ), born about 1657; married 1st, July 2, 

1676, Mary Denison, who was born 1660; died June 17, 1721.; 
he married 2d, Aug. 13, 1723, Comfort, widow of Samuel Belcher, 
of Braintree, Mass.; he died July 20, 1738; "widow Comfort 
Crane died at Milton, Dec. 21, 1745. Children, all by 1st wife: 

i. Mary, b. July, 1680. 

ii. Tabitha, b. Oct. 7, 1682; d. Nov. 13, 1682. 

iii. Elizabeth, b. March 14, 1681; m. Jan. 15, 1718, Samuel Fuller. 

iv. Samuel, b. May 23, 1687. 

v. Zerviah, b. Nov. 30, 1690. 

4. vi. Benjamin, b. Dec. 17, 1692 ; m. Abigail Houghton. 

3. Ebenezer* (Henry 1 ) Crane, born Aug. 6, 1665; married Nov. 13, 

1689, Mary, a daughter of Thomas, Jr., and Elizabeth (Johnson) 



218 Descendants of Henry Crane of Dorchester. [July, 

Tolman and a grand-daughter of the Thomas Tolman, senior, who 
came from England in 1(335, and was one of the tirst settlers of Dor- 
chester; both her father and grandfather were prominent and influen- 
tial citizens in Dorchester, where she was born Nov. 26, 1671. 

Ebenezer Crane enlisted in the company which went with Sir 
William Phips's expedition to Quebec, August, 1600, under the com- 
mand of Colonel John AVithington; and he was one of the twenty- 
nine men who returned, out of the seventy-five sent by his native 
town. The Great and General Court granted, to all who enlisted in 
this war, shares in the northern part of Worcester County, Mass., 
which was then called " Dorchester Canada," now the town of Ash- 
burnham. " There are many families by the name of Crane in that 
vicinity who claim descent from an unknown Ebenezer Crane.'"* 
but he himself remained in that part of Braiutree which was, later, 
incorporated as the town of Quincy, and all of his children were born* 
there. These were: . * 

i. Ebenezer. b. Nov. 21. 1692; m. Nov. 9, 1716, Elizabeth Cock. 

ii. Ezektel, b. Nov. 28, 1694. 

iii. Daniel, b. February, d. March, 1696. 

iv. Tabitha, b. Dec. 27. 1697. 

v. Mary, b. July 1.1, 1699; m. Robert Swan. 

vi. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 17, 1702; m. Elisha Faxon. 

vii. Lydia, b. April 2, 1703 ; m. Zachariah Alden of Boston. 

viii. Edward, b. Ati£. 12, 1705. 

ix. Henry, b. Feb. 29, 1703. 

5. x. Thomas, b. May 12, 1710. 

xi. Benjamin, b. Oct. 22, 1712; mi May 12. 1737, Anna Bracket*. 

6. xii. Abijaii, b. Nov. 2, 1714; m. 1st, Sarah Field; 2d, Sarah Beverley. 

4. Benjamin 3 Crane (Stephen? Henry 1 ), born Dec. 17, 1692; married 

Dec. 27, 1722, Abigail Houghton. They had children: 

i. Joseph, b. Feb. 23, 1724. 

ii. Mary, b, Jan. 23, 1727. 

iii. Benjamin, b. June 4, 1723. 

iv. Abigail, b. Aug. 16, 1729. 

v. Amariaii, b. March 1, 1731. 

vi. Seth, b. July 22, 1732. 

7. vii. Stephen, b. May 19, 1734. 

viii. Abijah, b. Aug. 11, 1736; d. July 4, 1737. 

5. Thomas 3 Crane (Ebenezer? Henry 1 ), born in Braintree, Mass., May 

12,1710; married Jan. 13, 1732, Deborah, daughter of Nathaniel 
and Deborah (Parmeoter) Owen; they were both admitted to the 
church at Braintree, August, 1732. They had children; 
i. Ebenezer, b. Nov. 12, 1732. 

8. ii. Thomas, b. Feb. 16, 1735. 

9. iii. Joseph, b. Sept. 11. 1737. 
iv. Elisha, b. Sept. 21, 1740. 

v. Dorothy, b- March 6, 1743. 

6. Abijah 3 Crane (Ebenezer? Henry 1 ), born Nov. 2, 1714; married 1st, 

March 3 (or May 4), 1738, Sarah Field, who died Sept. 3, 1742; 

he married 2d, Jan 7, 1743, Sarah Beverley. They had children: 
i. William, bapt. at Braintree, May 27, 1737. 
ii. Sarah, bapt. at Braintree, May 27, 1737. 

iii. Abijah, Jr., b. 

10. iv. John, b, Dec. 7, 1744. 

y. Miriam, bapt. Jan. 19. 1750. 

[To be continued.] 
• From a monograph by Phineas M. Crane. 
























































































. 












1892.] Church of New-England People in Nova Scotia. 219 



THE FIRST CHURCH FOUNDED BY NEW-ENGLAND 
PEOPLE IN KINGS COUNTY, NOVA SCOTIA. 

By Rev. Arthur Wentworth Hamilton Eaton*, of New York City. 

The first settlers in Kings County, Nova Scotia, after the expulsion of 
the Acadian s, landed at the mouth of the Gaspereau sometime in 17 GO, 
and the first settlers in the township of Cornwallis, so tradition says, 
anchored near Starr's Point, June 4th of the same year. It is said that 
the latter came in a fleet of twenty-two vessels, attended by a brig of war, 
mounting sixteen guns, captain Pigot. They were principally Congrega- 
'tionalists, from Connecticut, with the accumulated traditions of at least five 
generations of Puritan ancestors, and the strict religious training of New 
England's most Calvinistic colony. The lands they received lay on both 
sides of the Habitant, now the Cornwallis river, which they made the 
dividing line between the two townships of Horton and Cornwallis. 

For five years after their coming the people of Cornwallis were without 
a church or a minister, and their religious destitution is very clearly indicated 
by the following important minute of the Council of the Colony of Connec- 
ticut, under date of New Haven, October 11, 1771. 4 * L T pon the memorial 
of the Reverend Solomon Williams of Lebanon, in behalf of the Congrega- 
tional Church in the town of Cornwallis in the Province of Nova Scotia, 
shewing to this Board that the inhabitants of said town were settled there 
in the year 1760, and continued five years almost destitute of gospel 
administration; that they have since by the general desire of the people 
settled the Rev. Mr. Benajah Phelps in the gospel ministry in that town 
with the pleasing prospect of a sufficient support, since which their circum- 
stances are become very difficult and distressing, chiefly by means of the 
fruits of the earth being cut short in 1767 and 1768, and by extraordinary 
expense in building a meeting house, and especially in repairing their dykes 
to the amount of near 2000 (£), which has involved them so deeply in 
debt that except they can obtain relief by the charity of their christian 
brethren and friends in Connecticut, the cause of religion will greatly 
suffer; praying for a Brief &c as per memorial on file: 

" Resolved by this Board that the said Rev. Solomon Williams, in behalf 
of the church and town of Cornwallis, have liberty to ask the charitable 
contributions of the inhabitants of the several religious societies in the 
towns of New London, Norwich, Windham, Lebanon, Colchester, Canter- 
bury and Lyme; and said church and inhabitants of said Cornwallis are 
hereby recommended to their christian liberality." 

The Rev. Solomon Williams was doubtless the former pastor of many of 
the Cornwallis people, for not a few of them have recorded themselves as 
having came from Lebanon. 

It would be interesting to trace the growth of this earliest religious 
movement in Cornwallis, but we have no facts or even traditions by which 
we may be guided. A quotation from some ancient document of the 
church says that they had a strong desire to build " a House for the 
worship of Almighty God." But the early records of the church have 
disappeared, and much of what follows in this paper has been obtained 
with great difficulty, from many widely different sources. The subject is 
VOL. XL VI. 18 
























1 

































220 Church of New- England People in Nova Scotia. [July, 

of great interest, especially to those whose ancestors (like some of my own) 
were adherents of this earliest Congregational Church of Kings County. 
Of interest, because as Carlyle says " the chief thing about a man is his 
religiou — a man or a nation of men;" and because, to one who knows the 
people of this prosperous county, many of the religious characteristics of 
their sturdy Puritan ancestors are still apparent in them ; although Congre- 
gationalism, in name, has almost disappeared, and in its place have come 
Presbyterianism, Episcopacy, Methodism, and the Baptist denomination. 

The first religious work in the county, after Nova Scotia became an Eng- 
lish province, was done by clergymen of the English Church, acting under 
the direction of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign 
Parts. In 1762 the Rev. Thomas Wood visited the " interior parts of Nova 
Scotia," going twice to East and West Falmouth, Cornwallis, Horton, 
Granville and Annapolis; and received a kindly welcome at each place. 
The Rev, Joseph Bennett, however, was the first missionary regularly 
appointed to the townships of Horton, Cornwallis, Falmouth and Newport; 
he took up his residence at Fort Edward (Windsor) in January, 17G3, and 
at once began his laborious work in his widely scattered missionary field. 
The population of the four townships at that time did not exceed 1717 
persons. 

In 1763 a subscription was opened among the church people of Horton 
for a church building, but there was none built until 1776, when John 
Burbidge and William Best, esquires, both of whom had formerly lived in 
Halifax, at their own expense built a small wooden church at Fox Hill, 
near Starr's Point, whose foundation is still visible among the old graves 
in the u Fox Hill Burying Ground." 

The visits of the Church missionary to Horton and Cornwallis, by reason 
of the distance and badness of the roads, did not exceed four or five a year, 
so for some time the Congregational minister was the only settled clergy- 
man in the township. This minister was, as has been stated, the Rev. 
Benaiah Phelps, and the meeting house in which he preached, erected in 
1767 and 1768, was at Chipman's Corner, noar Kentville, on a corner of 
the Parade and very near the site of the old French church of " River 
Canard." It was from the beginning the law that all births, marriages 
and deaths should be faithfully recorded in the office of the Town Clerk, a 
law not very well obeyed and never enforced, and in the case of marriage 
registrations the name of the officiating cleygyman was frequently given. 
In the Cornwallis Town Register, the name of Benaiah Phelps often occurs, 
spelt there however as in the minute of the Connecticut council, above given, 
and in the Cornwallis Land Records, with a j instead of an i. 

Mr. Phelps was from Hebron, Connecticut, as the record of his marriage 
states ; and it has been ascertained that he was graduated at Yale College 
in 1761, was settled at Manchester, Connecticut, in 1780, and was dis- 
missed from that church in 1795, after which he went to Nova Scotia, 
where he died in 1817, aged about 76 years. If he was 76 year^ old when 
he died, he was born in 1741, and Hebron was probably his birthplace. 

The exact time of his coming to Nova Scotia I have not ascertained, bat 
the Town Book, for many years kept by William Allen Chipman, then by 
Ward Eaton, and now by Stanley Eaton, states that Phelps performed the 
marriage of Nathan Longfellow and Margaret Bigelow on the 10th of Octo- 
ber, 1765. This is the first mention of his name I find, and my impression is 
that he had come to Cornwallis a very short time before, an impression 
strengthened by the fact that the Rev. Joseph Bennett, the first missionary 



1892.] Church of New- England People in Nova Scotia. 221 

of the English Church appointed to the townships of Horton, Cornwallis, 
Falmouth and Newport, in a letter dated 27th of January, 17CG, informs the 
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts that " notwith- 
standing the arrival of a Dissenting minister at Cornwallis, a spirit of 
benevolence and harmony was kept up among the people of all persuasions 
who assemble together for public worship." This would seem to indicate 
that he had only lately arrived. The following record is taken verbatim 
from the Town Book: 

"The Rev. Benaiah Phelps son of Nathaniel Phelps of Hebron in the 
Colony of Connecticut in New England and Mary his wife, was married 
to Phebe Dennison daughter of Col. Robert Dennison of Horton and 
Prudence his wife, November the 19th, 1766, by Rev. Joseph Bennett." 

Among the births are to be found the names of their children : Elizabeth 
Phelps, born 30th of August, 1768; Phebe, born 7th of October, 1770; Den- 
nison, born 24th of September, 1772. Among the marriages at which Mr. 
Phelps officiated were those of George Smith and Lucy Rude, Oct. 1765; 
Jonathan Rand and Lydia Strong, Nov. 12th, 1766 ; Perry Borden and Mary 
Ells, Oct. 22d, 1767; Moses Gore and Molly Newcomb, Jan. 26th, 1769; 
Cyrus Peck and Mary English, Oct. 11th, 1770; John English and Christina 
Cogswell, Oct. 31st, 1771 ; Mason Cogswell and Lydia Huntington, Oct. 
31st, 1771; Ezra Pride and Lydia Bigelow, Jan. 30th, 1772; Peter Pineo 
and Eunice Bentley, May 14th, 1772; Ahira Calkin and Irena Porter, 
Dec. 24th, 1772; Dan Pineo and Anna Bentley, Oct. 21st, 1773; Oliver 
Cogswell and Abigail Ells, Dec. 23d, 1773; William Pineo and Phebe 
Bentley, July 18th, 1766; William Allen Chipman and Ann Osborn, Nov. 
20th, 1777. 

This is the latest, date at which I can be certain of Phelps having been 
in the province. He had formally received from Lord William Campbell, 
acting for the crown, his grant of land, the 26th of Sept., 1769, and he con- 
veyed it to John Robinson July 1st, 1775. This grant of 666|- acres was 
one of the original 69-f shares granted by government July 21st, 1761, and 
was made to the first minister of the township, whoever he might be. The 
location of the lauds can at any time be ascertained by consulting the land 
records in the office of the Registry of Deeds, where there is a full descrip- 
tion of them. 

Mr. Phelps' ministry ended unpleasantly. At this interval of time it is 
impossible to know just what the trouble was which dissolved his pastoral 
relations, but the name is known of at least one of the adherents of the 
church, Mr. Samuel Starr, who was instrumental in having him removed. 
With the proceeds from the sale of his property he went back to New 
England, and according to the record of his life found in the United States, 
was settled at Manchester, Connecticut, in 1780. It is very probable, as 
that record also states, that he returned to Nova Scotia, after 1795, and died 
there, as that was his wife's home. There seems to have existed some 
natural feeling, in Nova Scotia, against his taking with him the proceeds 
of the land he had received from government as first minister, and while 
tradition concerning his ministrv has almost died out, a little tin^e of 
bitterness still remains in what recollections there are of the Rev. Benaiah 
Phelps. 

Rev. J. W. Cox of Noel, Hants Co., a Congregational minister, says: 
"Rev. Mr. Phelps left the church about the time of the outbreak of the 
Rebellion. He sympathized deeply with the revolting colonies, and was 
poorly supported, which with other reasons doubtless caused him to return 







































' 















222 Church of New- England People in JWova Scotia. [July, 

to New England. Some of the people went with him, among them my 
ancestor on my mother's side, John Bigelow, who had built a large dyke 
along the Canard River, which bears his name to this day. He left one 
son, Amasa, in possession of his mountain property, who it is supposed 
built one of the first saw mills, if not the first in the county." If Mr. 
Phelps really died and is buried in Nova Scotia, his grave is most prob- 
ably in the old burying-ground at Lower Horton, in the rear of the Metho- 
dist Church, near which the Dennisons (his wife's family) lived. 

In 1770 Mr. Phelps took part in the ordination of Mr. Bruin R. Comingo 
in the Protestant Dissenting Meeting House in Halifax, known as Mather's, 
later St. Matthew's. The Rev. James Murdoch was at that time preaching 
in Horton, Kings County, aud also at other places across the Bay. The 
church to which Mr. Phelps preached had its meeting house at Chipman's 
Corner, a building used for worship until about twenty years ago, when 
it was bought by the Hon. Samuel Chipman and torn down. It was a 
large square edifice, unpainted, and with no claim to architectural grace or 
beauty. It contained four tiers of pews, beside the wail pews, and would 
seat perhaps a thousand persons. It had a high square pulpit and a canopy 
sounding board ; the frame of the building was brought somewhere from 
New England, possibly from Machias, Maine, whence the frames of the 
old gambrel-roofed houses on Church Street are said to have been brought. 

It stood, as has been said, on a corner of the Parade, near the site of the 
old French Church of River Canard; on land originally laid out to Samuel 
Starr, and probably given by him to the town for a Parade. The burying 
ground and church lot were taken from this Parade ground. 

Whether Mr. Phelps at first preached in Horton as well as Cornwallis, 
we cannot tell. His church was called the tk Church at Horton and Corn- 
wallis," but that may have been only because the western boundary be- 
tween the two townships was not very well defined, or because the people 
settled near Horton Corner (afterward Kentville) were naturally adher- 
ents of the Cornwallis church. It is very likely that he did occasionally 
preach in Lower Horton, to the people who in 1767 became members of 
the congregation of the Rev. James Murdoch, the first Presbyterian min- 
ister in the county, for in that part of the township of Horton Mr. Phelps 
got his wife. The people of Horton were not, however, as were the 
people of Cornwallis, entirely without preaching. Dr. Cramp, in his 
unpublished History of the Baptists, tells us that in 1763 the Rev. Ebenezer 
Moulton, an eminent Baptist minister of South Brimfield, Mass., came 
from Yarmouth, where he had been for two years previously, to Horton, 
where he remained some time, probably a few years, later returning to New 
England, and dying there in 1783. Mr. Bill, in his History of the Baptists, 
says that during Mr. Moulton's time a church was formed in Horton, consisting 
of Baptists and Congregationalists, but that the church had little prosperity 
until it was revived under the preaching of Mr. Alline. The organization 
of a Baptist church iu Horton, with Mr. Alline's assistance, is a matter of 
history, and is a subject of sufficient interest to be treated in a separate paper. 
The meeting house in which Mr. Murdoch preached was situated at Grand 
Pre, almost on the site of the present Methodist church, in the rear of 
which are the graves of some of the first settlers. It was removed, and a 
new one built about the year 1817. The meeting house of Elder Moul- 
ton's church was built at what is now Wolfville, very near where the Rev. 
Theodore Harding's grave was afterward made, in the old burying-ground 
beside the main street of the village. It was used in the week for secular 



1892.] Church of New-England People in JVbva Scotia. 223 

meetings, and on Sundays for worship, and was replaced in 1820 by a better 
one on the same spot, which in its turn gave way to another at the foot of 
the College Hill. The distance between these two places of worship was 
about four miles. 

For some time after the departure of the Rev. Benaiah Phelps from Corn- 
wallis, the Congregational church was vacant, hardly knowing where to look 
for a minister, and no doubt greatly distressed at the absence of regular 
religious services. Communication was broken with the revolting colonies, 
and there had never been any connection with the English Independents. 
It is possible that tuere may have been some Presbyterians among the 
Cornwallis people, as there were probably some in Horton. At any rate, 
the difference between the two bodies was not deemed sufficient to prevent 
the Cornwallis church, with other churches in the Province, from applying 
to the Associate Synod for Presbyterian missionaries to labor with them. 
It was, however, rather the scarcity of ministers than, as is sometime stated, 
the predominance of Presbyterian sentiment, that led these Congregational 
churches to invite Scotch Presbyterian ministers to become their pastors. 
The first application made by a Nova Scotia church to the Secession Church 
of Scotland for a missionary was presented to the Associate Synod at their 
meeting in May, 1765, and it came from the church at Truro. The Rev. 
Samuel Kinloch and- the Rev. James Lyon, the former of whom had 
preached in Pennsylvania and the latter in Rew Jersey, had for some time, 
although possibly not contemporaneously, labored at various places in 
Nova Scotia, but had left the Province. With these exceptions the Rev. 
James Murdoch was the first Presbyterian minister settled in Nova Scotia. 
He was ordained by the Presbytery of New Town, Limavady, Ireland, 
in September, 1776, and sent directly to Nova Scotia. He arrived at 
Halifax the same autumn, and for a short time preached to the Congrega- 
tional Mather's (St. Matthew's) church there. In 1767 he removed to- 
Horton and preached there and at Windsor, as also at Parrsboro', Fort 
Lawrence, Amherst, Cumberland, Economy and other places, until, a- 
few years before 1799, when he removed to Musquocloboit. He was 
drowned the 21st of September, 1799, at Meagher's Grant. When Mr. 
Phelps left Cornwallis Mr. Murdoch was still in Horton, and among his 
adherents were many of the leading Horton families: the Dennisons, Reeds. 
Fullers, Woodworths, Frames, De Wolfs, Martins, Dicksons, Davisons, 
Pecks, Currys, Whitneys, Calkins, Godfreys, Averys, Cranes, &c. &c. &c. 
From this period, therefore, we may regard the Cornwallis church as 
entirely separated from the church in Horton. The immediate successor 
of Mr. Phelps in its pastorate was the Rev. Hugh Graham, who came to 
it in August, 1785, and remained with it until 1799, a period of fourteen 
years. 

There seem to have been repeated applications from Nova Scotia to the 
Glasgow Associate Synod, for ministers, and the Rev. Hugh Graham was 
sent in response to an urgent call from the Cornwallis church. There 
were at that time, besides Mr. Murdoch, only two Presbyterian ministers 
in Nova Scotia — the Rev. Daniel Cock at Truro, and the Rev. David Smith 
at Londonderry. Mr. Graham was licensed to preach by the Presbytery 
of Edinburgh in 1781 ; he at once received a call to South Shields, in the 
north of England, but the Synod thought best that he should go to Nova 
Scotia, and accordingly he sailed from Greenock the 22d of June, 1785, 
and arrived at Halifax about two months after. Thence he proceeded to 
Cornwallis, and preached his first sermon there to a large audience on Sun- 

VOL. XL VI. 18* 



224 Church of JVeiv- England People in JVova Scotia. [July, 

day, August 29th. His ministry of fourteen years is said to have been, on 
the whole, a successful and happy one. The Cornwallis Town Records 
contain the notices of many marriages performed by him, among others 
those of Prince Coffin and Experience Ells. January 8, 1788; Andrew 
Newcomb and Sarah Chase. December 22, 1791; George Cummings and 
Rebecca Dickie, January 22, 1795. 

He was himself married to Elizabeth Whidden, daughter of John and 
Elizabeth Whidden, by the Rev. Daniel Cock of Truro, December 15, 
1791 ; they had children, Hugh, born November 21, 1792; John Whidden, 
born February 22, 1795; Elizabeth, born June 18, 1798. 

Before Mr. Graham's departure from Scotland, the Synod had issued an 
injunction that so soon as he should reach his destination, the two ministers 
who were already in Nova Scotia, Mr. Cock and Mr. Smith, should con- 
stitute themselves into a Presbytery along with Mr. Graham. This was 
done at Truro in August, 1786, and the Presbytery was called the " Asso- 
ciate Presbytery of Truro." Their standards were the same as those of 
the Presbyterian churches of Scotland, and at a subsequent meeting they 
declared themselves "subordinate to the Burgher Associate Synod in North 
Britain." This date, August, 1786, was therefore the date of the formal 
change of the Cornwallis church from Congregationalism to Presbyterian- 
ism, and one elderly Presbyterian lady tells me that long afterward some 
members of the church are reported to have said that they hardly knew 
what they were, Presbyterians or Congregationalists. 

In an old pamphlet written by the late Rev. William Somerville, in which 
he severely censures the church and its then minister, I find this charge 
made, which to any reader of my sketch of the Congregational origin of 
the church will not seem strange, nor, unlikely, true. The church, he 
says, " up till late days, refused to know any distinction among Presby- 
terians; to testily their disapprobation of division stood divided from every 
Presbyterian body in the empire; and conducted their affairs more upon 
Congregational than Presbyterian principles." 

Mr. Graham's work in Cornwallis ended in 1799, when he received and 
accepted a call from the united congregations of Stewiacke and Musquodo- 
boit. He died in April, 1829, in his 75th year, having labored in Nova 
Scotia for the long period of 44 years. The cause of his leaving the 
church in Cornwallis was its unwillingness to use the Presbyterian version 
of the Psalms, instead of Watts's Psalms and Hymns. He made several 
attempts to introduce the Scotch book, but the people were inflexible, 
and although they were attached to their minister, they loved better their 
old Congregational Hymn Book, and preferred to lose the former rather 
than the latter. 

Mr. Graham's successor in the pastorate was the Rev. William Forsyth, 
whom he introduced to the congregation before he left. Mr. Forsyth was a 
licentiate of the Church of Scotland, ordained by a college of lay elders in 
the United States, and was the minister of the Cornwallis church from 1799 
till his death in 18 40. The first marriage I find recorded as having been 
celebrated by him is that of Peter Bentley Pineo and Olive Comstock, 
September 2, 1802. He was himself married to Mary Beck with, daughter 
of Asa and Mary Beckwith, born February 6, 1781, by whom he had seven 
children: Mary, who became the first wife of Rev. George Struthers; 
William, who became a physician and died unmarried ; Jean, who became 
the second wife of the late Mr. Thomas Lydiard; John, who became a 
physician, and married Miss Martha Ann Morton, daughter of the Hon. 



1892.] Church of New-England People in Nova Scotia. 225 

John Morton; Margaret, who was still living unmarried inl885; Bezaleel, 
who married first Miss Tupper, second Miss Oakes ; Elizabeth, who died 
unmarried. 

In the agreement made with Mr. Forsyth, it was expressly stated that 
the people should still continue to use Watts's hymns, which they did dur- 
ing his whole pastorate. He was not only the minister of the church, but 
the teacher of many of the sons of the Cornwallis men, and his school was 
the leading grammar school in the western part of the Province. The 
Cornwallis people tell of him, that once he said to a prominent farmer, 
whose dull son he had been trying unsuccessfully i,o teach : " Your boy 
cannot learn ; it is no use for him to try." " Manure (inure) him to it," 
said the father, " manure him to it." " Alack, alas, man ! " said the old 
Scotch minister, " if I were to put all the manure in your barnyard on 
him he could not learn." 

Among those who were educated by " Parson Forsyth " were the three 
sons of Dr. Isaac Webster — Dr. William, Dr. Frederick, and Henry B. ; 
John and William Robertson of Annapolis County, Dr. Samuel Bayard, 
H. N. Chipman, J. Hosterman DeWolf, Peter Delancey, Edward Beckwitb, 
George E. Morton and others. 

Mr. Forsyth's active ministry ended some four or five years before his 
death, although he still remained, nominally, pastor of the church. In 
1827 the Rev. George Struthers— who was afterward married to his eldest 
daughter, Mary, by the Rev. John Martin, of Halifax, January 28, 1830 — 
were sent from Scotland by the Lay Association, and the Rev. Mor- 
rison, as missionaries to Nova Scotia. Mr. Struthers came at once to Horton, 
and Mr. Morrison went to Dartmouth and later to Bermuda. Mr. Forsyth 
needing assistance, Mr. Struthers preached for some time, once a month, 
in Cornwallis, but shortly after his marriage went to Demerara, whence 
he returned by an invitation from the Cornwallis church, sent him through 
Dr. Isaac Webster, to become its pastor. In the meantime the Rev. 
William Somerville, ordained May 31, 1831, by the Reformed Presby- 
terian Church of Ireland, was settled over the Horton church, and was at 
the same time engaged to give a quarter of his time to the church in Corn- 
wallis. He had been previously settled in Amherst, but, in response to 
the call from these two churches, he began work in his new field April 1, 
1833. In August, 1835, Mr. Struthers returned from Demerara, and took 
Mr. Somerville's place in Cornwallis, becoming sole pastor on the death 
of Mr. Forsyth in 1840. His second wife was Eliza Ann Davidson, to 
whom he was married by the Rev. Donald Fraser of Lunenburg. His 
ministry lasted, as his tombstone records, for twenty-one years, and his 
death occurred March 17, 1857. During the brief pastorate of Mr. 
Somerville the Watts's Hymn Book was finally supplanted by the Presby- 
terian version of the Psalms. It it said that this minister was on his 
wedding tour when he first preached in Cornwallis, in 1833, and that ia 
his first service he spoke against their use of '•' uninspired hymns," which 
was the only thing about him that displeased the congregation. However, 
they at length yielded to his wish, and forever after, until the congregation 
broke up, the Psalms of David and the Scriptural Paraphrases in the 
Presbyterian version were exclusively used. The manse or parsonage, 
during Mr. Forsyth's ministry, was the house which for many years has 
been occupied as a Baptist parsonage, and is now the residence of the Rev. 
S. B. Kempton. It was sold in 1847, and a new house built near Kentville 
for the Rev. Mr. Struthers. Among the earliest elders of the church whom 



226 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. [July, 

living residents remember, were Elkanah Morton, Abram Webster, 
Robert Kinsman, and Abram Newcomb. The oldest records of the church 
yet found are in the hands of Edwin Dickey, clerk of session for the North 
Coruwallis church, and extend back to May 1, 1843. They relate the 
facts of the next pastorate of the church, that of the Rev. Vv r illiam 
Murray; and record that a call was issued to the congregation f the old 
church to meet on Monday, December 27, 1858, at 2 P. M., in reference to 
a proposed division of the church. 

An act of legislature dated March 30, 1859, authorizes a threefold 
division of the dyke lands owned by the church, most of which were be- 
quests, and the division is minutely described in the records. 

Henceforth the history of the oldest church in Kings County, or at least 
in Cornwallis, becomes the history of three separate congregations, — the 
Northern, Southern, and Western ; the Northern worshipping at Canard, 
the Southern at Kentville, and the Western at Lakeville. 

To this original church and congregation belonged the ancestors of the 
best known Cornwallis families, the Starrs, Woodworths, Eatons, Chip- 
mans, Newcombs, Harrises, Y^ellses, Kinsmans, &c. &e, Tn process of time 
some became Episcopalians, some Presbyterians, some Baptists; while a 
few, like the Cox family of Kingsport, remained as they have always been, 
staunch Congregationalists. 



LETTERS OF COL. THOMAS WESTBROOK 
AND OTHERS, 

EELATIYE TO INDIAN AFFAIRS IN MAINE. 

Communicated by "William Blake Tbask, &.M., of Dorchester, Mass. 

fContinued from page 144.1 

Boston N. E. Jan^ 19, 1724. 
S r . Your Letter, Dated Quebec, Octob r 29 ch , p r Henry Edgar, one of 
the English Captives, came safe to me, on perusall whereof 1 am greatly 
surprised at the matters contained therein, which are so unjustly repre- 
sented that I cannot satisfy myself to pass them by unanswered. In the 
first place, as to what you say relating to the Death of Mr. Raile, the Jesuit, 
which you set forth as so inhuman & barbarous, I seriously acknowledge 
that he was slain, amongst others of our Elnemies, at Narrigwaik. And if 
he had confin'd himself to the professed Duty of his Function, viz 1 to in- 
struct the Indians in the Christian Religion, had kept himself within the 
Bounds of the French Dominions, & had not instigated the Indians to War 
& Rapine, there might then have been some ground for complaint, But 
when, instead of preaching peace, Love & Friendship, agreeable to the 
Doctrines of the Christian Religion, he has been a constant & Notorious 
Fomenter & Incendiary to the Indians to kill, burn, & destroy, as flagrantly 
appears by many originall Letters & Manuscripts I have of his by me, and 
where in open violation of an Act of Parliament of Great Britain & y e 
Lawes of this Province, strictly forbidding Jesuits to reside or teach within 
the British Dominions, he has not only resided, but also once & again 






























' 












1892.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. 221 

appeared at the head of great Numbers of Indians in an hostile manner, 
threatning & insulting, but as also publicising [publickly] assaulting the 
Subjects of His British Majesty, I say, if, after all, such an Incendiary has 
happen'd to be slain in the heat of Action among our open and declared 
Enemies, surely none can be blamed therefor but himself, nor can any safe 
guard from you, or any other, in such proceedings, Justify him : And I 
think I have much greater cause to complain that M r Willard, the Minister 
of Rutland, (who never had been guilty of the Facts chargeable upon Mr 
Ralle, who applied himself solely to the Preaching of the Gospel), was by 
the Indians you sent to attack that Town, assaulted, slain & scalpt & his 
scalp carried in Triumph to Quebec. 

As to the next Article you mentioned, That S* Georges " River was in 
the year 1700, by order of the Two Crowns mark'd as the bounds of the 
English & French Lands, whereby it appeared that Penobscot was given 
to you, & that one Lafevre had a right to the Land thereabouts. & that all 
vessells paid a Duty to him, & that Mr Capon, Envoy of Engl d when K. 
George came upon the Throne, went to ask the Penobscot Indians to Sub- 
mit themselves to England, which they refused," I have no difficulty to 
answer to each of the afores d Points, & as to the Last, relating to M r 
Capon, you labour under a very great mistake, to mention him as an Envoy 
of England, he being far below any such Character, & only an Inferiour 
Officer, Comissary or Victualler to the Garrison of Annapolis, & some time 
after that was taken & yielded up to the English sent by the Lieut Gov 1 " 
of that place to visit the French Settlements within that district & to require 
the Oath of Allegiance & Fidelity from them to Queen Anne, but he had 
no occasion to come and entice the Penobscot Indians to Submit themselves 
to England, for they, as well as the Narigwatk Indians & many other 
Tribes had done that long before, even in the year 1693, at a Treaty with 
S r W m Phips, Gov 3 " of this Province, by which Treaty, I can make it 
appear that they not only submitted themselves as Subjects' to the Crown 
of England but also renounced the French Interest & quitted claims to the 
Lands bought & possessed by the English , But Since King George came 
to the Throne Mr Capon has not been in those parts at all, as I am in- 
form'd by the People of that Countrey. 

As to S 1 Georges River being the Bounds & Lefevres pretended Right, 
it seems very wonderfull you should make any mention of those things, or 
lay any weight upon them at this time, when, if the Case were formerly as 
you now represent it, which I do not allow, all such Claim & protection is 
wholly superceded & at an end, whereof you may soon & easily satisfy 
yourself by consulting the Treaty of Peace at Utrecht concluded between 
the Two Crown [s] in the Year 1713, by the twe[l]fth Article whereof it 
is provided, " That all Nova Scotia or L'Acadie with its antient Boundaries 
&c. together with the Dominion, property, & possession of the s d Isl ds lands 
& places & all Right which the most Christian King, the Crown of France 
or any the Subjects thereof have hitherto had to the Isl da Lands & places 
& the Inhabitants of the same are yielded & made over to the Queen of 
Great Brittain & to her Crown forever." Now, by the afores' 1 Resignation, 
the French King quitted all Right not only to the Lands but also the In- 
habitants, whether French or Indians or whatsoever they were, & trans- 
ferr'd the same to the Crown of Great Brittain for ever, whereby you are 
entirely cut off from any claim to the Subjection of the s d Indians from 
thence forward. 

And We are not ignorant how far the French King understood the 



228 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. [July, 

Countrey of L'Accadie to extend Westward by the Patent granted to * * * 
* * * though you seem to be a Stranger to it. 

"As to the whole Nation of the Indians exclaiming against some of their 
Tribe as pretending they were suborned to give Deeds for their Lands, if 
it be matter of Fact that they do so, which is hard to be conceded, it is a 
most unjust Imputation & must argue a wonderful deceitfulness & self 
contradiction in them, since they have upon all Treaties, when the whole 
Tribe were together, constantly acknowledged & submitted to the English 
Titles & possessions which they had by honor & lawfull Purchase acquired. 

As to the building of Forts any where within the Brittish Dominions, I 
suppose you will not Scruple to acknowledge that the King of Great Brit- 
tain has as good a Right to erect Fortresses or places of Defence within 
his Dominions as the French King has in his, & therefore when you shall 
please to give me Instances of the French King applying himself to the 
Indians for leave to build a Fort or Forts for the Defence of his Subjects, 
I shall then give vou a further answer to that Argument. 

And in the mean Time I must tell you, We have alwaies treated the 
Indians with Sincerity, & never thought it proper to make Apologies for 
Building Forts within our own Jurisdiction (as you insinuate), but on the 
Contrary, in all our Treaties with them have asserted our undoubted Right 
so to do. 

You likewise signify that we must blame no Body but our selves for the 
Violence & Hostilities committed against our Nation by the Indians, but 
Sir, if the Blame must ly where it ought, I must impute their Outrages, 
falseness & 111 Conduct towards us not so much to their own Inclinations 
as to the Instigations of the Jesuit Ralle & others under your Govern- 
ment, whereof We have had sufficient information from time to time, as also 
of your own forcing the Indians, against their Wills, upon our Fronteirs to 
destroy & cut off our people, which cannot be otherwise lookt upon than 
as a Direct notorious violation of the Treaty of Peace at Utretcht. Never- 
theless, Sir, after all, I have much greater Inclination to live in Amity & 
good Correspondence with you than otherwise, & therefore I have sent 
Col Sam 11 Thaxter, one of His Maj tie3 Council! & Col William Dudley, 
Speaker of the House of Represent ies , who are commissionated to confer 
with you Pursuaut to such Instructions as they have rec a from me. And 
I desire you will give Credence to them accordingly. 

I am S r y r most humble & most Obed* Serv* 
Endorsed: Lett 1 from the [William DmniER.] 

L* Gov r to Mons r Vaudreuil, Jan y : 19. 1724-[5]. 

Mass. Arch. 52: 106-109. 



Sir, I rec d your Letter of the 17 th Currant. I observe that you have 
seut out the Parties upon the sev 11 Marches I order'd when you left Bos- 
ton, And that you are getting the Forces in Readiness for the other March. 
I desire you would see that there be no Delay in the Preparations for the 
March to Penobscot, But that you have 150 of your best Men, or more if 
j 7 can be spared, ready at Richmond with Provisions, Ammunition & 
Snow Shooes, by the eighth of Febr 7 at furthest, & if you have no Intel- 
ligence of Saccamactens Return with any Indians to solicit for a Peace. 
Let the Forces march precisely by the eleventh of Feb., which is the Day 
that Saccamachtens Time will expire, allowing his fifty Days to begin 
from his Setting out from S* Georges (W ch was the 2 d Instant;) Let the 
























' 






' 



1892.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. 229 

March be up Kennebeck River to the River you proposed, I think (near 
Tecanock*) & from thence directly a Cross the Countrey to Penobscot: 
Send a Party with Provisions to meet them at their return at the Place 
you mentioned to me. If you cann't conveniently go upon this March your 
self, Let Coll. Harman have the Offer of the Command, & if he declines it I 
think it best that Cpt. Heath sh d command & Cpt. Moulton next under 
him. Let them be very exact in their Journals in observing the Nature & 
Scituation of the Country, w ch will be of great Service for future Marches. 

If Saccamacten sh d bring in any Indians in Order to treat of a Peace; 
I would not have this Motion proceeded in, But the Forces employ'd in 
Scouting on this Side Kennebeck River, in such places as you shall think 
most for the service. Gi^e Strict Orders to the Commander to receive 
Saccamacten kindly if he sh d meet him coming in, & that he & his Friends 
be not hurt by any Neglect, or thro' Ignorance of the Soldiers, & there- 
fore it will be necessary that all y rr Parties should know of his Intention 
to come in & have orders to receive kindly, Accordingly. 

You must forthwith Order a Guard to assist Cpt. Gyles in Wooding, & 
fill up his Complim' out of y rr Men. 
Jan. 25, 1724-[5]. 

Orders to Coll. Westbrook. 

Mass. Arch. 72 : 215. 

Fort Mary, Jan 25 th 1724-5. 
May it Please your Hon r 

This comes with my Dutie & humble Service, and may acquaint your 
Hon r That Corr 11 Westbrook with all y e Rest off the Officers Called in 
here, & are passed forward ; & according to y r Hon ra Direction, y e Corr 1 
Says, I shall haue men as soon as possible, but am not backward in my 
Endevours. having Sent a man on purpose to New Hampsh re for the men. 
My misfortune in this affair Lyes in Conception that if they inlist in the 
Kings fort they can't be Cleared in a years, or I could have Enough if 
your Hon r : Sees Cause I may Discharge them in 12 months. I would not 
trouble y r Honour for men, which Hethert^ I have found the fort mostly 
with, at my charge. 

Capt Heath has taken a Rough sceam of My fort & well, which cost so 
much money & Labour), & all that's Necessary, Except Cape Porpus & 
Cape Elizabeth, between two which bayes I Lie in sight, & will send for- 
ward to m r Pell (Dedicated to y r Hon r ), & in order to be Lanskipped, as 
he informes me, I must pay 30 shillins, so I have ordered the money to m r 
Pell. 

What news offers Corr 1 wrote y r Hon r from hence; he is now at Casco 
& Corn 1 Harmon. If any thing new offers I shall Dutiefully acquaint y r 
Hon r . 

One Benjamin Downer, a Soldier of mine, Came from Nowich, west off 
Boston, & while I was at Boston he run from the fort, he carryed of Six 
pounds, & gave order to Capt Jordan & to me to take his pay, but m r Jor- 
dan gott it out of my Role. I must pitty my selfe that other men take 
away my poor priviledge. 

* Teconnet Falls is in the present town of "Winslow. The latter was incorporated April 
26, 1771, and named in honor of Gen. John Winslow. It is 17 miles from Augusta, and 
80 from Portland, on the Maine Central Railroad. "On the point of land above tae con- 
fluence of the two rivers," Kennebec and Sebastieook, "and below the falls, was the old 
Tcconnet tort or* the Indians and afterwards fort Halifax of the English, built in 1754." 
Williamson's Maine, i. 50. Varney's Gazetter of Maine, 595; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
" History and Description of N2W England," 360. 



230 Letters of Col. Thomas Wesibrooh and others. [July, 

Dcwner has forged a Discharge, & shown it, also my Name in severall 
papers, some have by me as furloes, & I hope your Hou r will give orders 
to Cofiianding officers to Secure him, for the Service. I heard of him being 
at Newberry & Capt Kent can Secure him, he was born their & his 
friends are at Norwich. 

I hope y r Hon r will forgiue my Tediousness, & giue me leave to se my 
family for 15 Daves, for I have been Sick a season & was all the time at 
Boston. So I am y r Hon" Humble Serv* 

Capt Samuel Hinks Fort, Sam u Hinckes. 

Jannu y 25 th , 1724-5. 

Mass. Arch. 52: 110, 111. 



May it please Your Honour, 

Yesterday Cap 1 Bane returned from his March, he has made no Dis- 
covery of the Enemy Since last Fall, in any part of his March. He in- 
forms me, that Persumscot River and Sebagook Poud was so open that it 
very Much hindred him from getting to Madumbessuck and the burning 
Ground thereabout. I have sent for about twenty five Men who are to 
meet me at Saco Falls on the eleventh Instant, in Order to make y e Second 
attempt, Whom I design shall march away light, so that they may get 
there if possible. I design, likewise, another Party to follow them up 
Saco River to carry Provision with Sleds in order for their return. I 
Judge it is Your Honours desire to Search that Ground Well, in order to 
Intercept & Destroy those Fellows. Notwithstanding Persumscot River 
and Sebagook Pond was so open, the other Ponds and Rivers are gener- 
ally fast. I am Your Honours most Obedient Servant, 

Falm th : Feb y 8th, 1724-5. Tho 8 Westbrook. 

Mass. Arch. 52: 117. 



Fort Mary, Feb r 16, 1724-5. 
May itt Please y r Honour, 

I Beleive Cap" Heath Marched Exact to y e Time y r Honour ordered ; 
on his Return I shall emply the men on This Side off Cannebick River, 
persuant to y r Hon" orders. 

Leiut Brown marched for pigwoket, the 13" 1 off this instant, with twenty 
nine men. I Rec d the inclosed* the 15 th of this month, about nine a Clock 
at Night. I am y r Hon" most Dutifull Serv", 

Tho 8 Westbrook. 

Post. I haue advised the frontteer's to be on their gaurds untill y e Re- 
turn off Those Indians. 

The Place where the indian sto'ped, That Did not Come into the Fort, 
is about seven miles Distant. 

I am Dispatching Cap u Slocum, immediately, with Cap tl Bean, for 
georges, Their Being an interpreter wanting. 

Mass. Arch. 52: 121. 



[From a letter without date, superscription or direction, but evidently in 
the hand-writing of Secretary Joseph Willard, we copy the following, in 

* The " inclosed " matter in this letter, and in that of April the 4th following, seems to 
be wanting. 
























1 



. 












1892.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. 231 

regard to Capt. Heath: " Cpt. Heath is returned from Penobscot, having 
met with no Indians there, but about fifty Houses in the old & new Town 
which he has burnt."] 
Mass. Arch. 52: 125. 



[John Hunt* and Hannah Hunt, his wife, of " Almsbury," March 30, 
1725, petition Gov. Dummer to release their son Jacob Hunt, then "att 
Richmun fort, for I am in grate wont of him, I being uary Lame, and haue 
no help, and allso Liue uary Remote."] 

Mass. Arch. 52: 129. 



May it Please your Hon r , 

Cap* Bourn will be able to acquaint your Hon 1 " relating what I wrote 
from Spurwink the twenty eighth of last April, I sending him and L* 
Dominicus Jordan to make Discovery. I have Enquir'd into the Affair of 
M r Benj a York, mention'd in your Hon" Letter, Dated Aprii y e 5 th , and 
by Examining your Hon" Orders to me, from time to time, there is no 
men Allow'd him, neither did the General Court vote him any in the 
Year 1723. Six men had been Allow'd at the Ferry Place, and upon 
Enquiry I find, by the Coll of the Regiment and the Select men of the 
Town, that M r Sawyers is the Establisht Garrison, Their houses standing 
not above two or three hundred Yards Distant. I thought it best to put 
part of the men in one house and part in the other, and M r Sawyer having 
five, and York but three, York is thereupon uneasy. I posted five men at 
M r Sawyers, because the Cap 4 and Doct r are there, and the Doct r has 
Occasion very Often to cross the River to visit the Sick. 

I am Your Hon 19 most Dutifull Serv* 
Falm April y e 4 th , 1725. Tho 9 Westbrook. 

P.S. The Enclosed is the List of the ineffective men which I omitted 
to send with the other Account. 

Mass. Arch. 52 : 130, 



Aprill 5 th , 1725. 
Coll Westbrook, 

I have two of yours of the 17 th past & one of the 27 th , receiv'd yester- 
day. The Council have voted £12 & no More, towards the Repairs of 
Georges Fort, w ch you are to husband to the best advantage In making y r 
Lodgings Comfortable for the People; & having visited your Familyes, 
lett the next of the Sloop in the Countryes Service, that goes eastward, 
take in the Boxes & Nailes At Saco Mills, & You may go down with them 
to See the Repairs p'formed, as you proposed, & as farr as £12 you may 
draw on the Treasurer for the D. Service. Rend ring an Acc° thereof. 
Cap 4 Canada acquaints me, that Hee had Made the Wharfe all ready, 
which you Spake off, where for his good Service, in gallantly defending 
that Fort, I have given a Commission for the Same. 

Gett all your Whaleboats mended that are Capable of it (for it Will 
take time to gett New ones), & order say forty or about fifty Men, under 
a diliigent, prudent officer, downe to Peuobscott Bay, & as much further 

•John Hunt, of Amesbury, Mass., son of Edward, married Hannah CIou?b, Dec. o, 
1705. Their eldest son and child was Jacob, born Sept. 8, 1703. See Genealogy of the 
Hunt family, by Thomas B. Wyman, page 11. 
VOL. XL VI. 19 



232 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. [July, 

as you shall think for the Service, especially at Passamaquady, whereof 
y rr Letter informs the Indians have bin y e last Winter, under such orders, 
as if well Executed, they May, by Gods blessing, surprise some of the 
Enimye, if there bee any of them there. I have wrote a Letter to all the 
Coll°nells in y r E. & W. to warn the People to be on their gaurd & to go 
out in Companys to their Work well Armed. I finde you have Sent out 
divers Parties of above 14 Men to ambuscade the Indians in their lurking 
Places, it will be well if they p'form it patiently & faithfully which I 
recomend to you to inspect well into, & that they be releived, from time 
to time, by fresh Parties, so as these ambuscades bee Continued, without 
intermission, untill you have further orders, & that you Require of the 
Several officers an Account of what passes in their turnes, & minute down 
every thing any do worth notice. You shall hear further from Me very 
soon. I shall be glad when Cap n Ca : [Kennedy ?] with the Indian he 
promises to bring with [him] are Come to Penobscott. You shall hear 
further from Me in a short time; pray do every thing that is Possible to 
keep up the Terror of y e Enemy. 

I am S r y r friend * 
Benj a Yorkshire, of papoodock, having Complaind to Me that he has 
not an equal proportion of the soldiers at his house, you are to inquire into 
that Matter, & See Justice done him. 



Cap* Dwight, 

I rece'd yours of the 22 d , & Since Jon a James's Case is as you Men- 
tion pray Keep Him, for I Will give no presidency of that Sort that shall 
tend to Weaken or deade[n] a Strict discipline in the Garrisons, but will 
Encourage the officers iu a due execution of their Authority. Lett me 
have the Survey Mentioned as soon as you Can handsomely Compleat it. 

I am y r Friend & S* [ ] 

Endorsed — Letters to Col Westbrook & Capt Dwight, April 5 th 1725. 
Mass. Arch. 52: 131-133. 



Fort George, April 14, 1725. 
Col 10 Westbrook, 

An Indian Dogg appeared on y e North side of y e Riuer, a Gainst fort 
Georges, Which my People shott, and by y e Carkes of it is not Long since 
it straid from y e Indians, Whear vpon, I ordred A Larom to Notify y e a 
ietant [adjacent] Garriconc to be on thier Guard, for, in my Opinion, y e 
huntars, or a small scout of Indians, ar sulking aboutt, & Came Down this 
Riuer, if it might Pleas, a small Party of Men to Reng [Range] Might. 
is from your humble sar' to Command, 

John Gylks. 

S r Since I Wrote y e aboue, I Rece'd an accompt from maquaitt,-} - y' a 
soldiar is missing, & suppos'd to be taken. a Copy. 

Mass. Arch. 52: 139. 



This Comes by m r Moses Markam, your Clerk, Who informes me, that 
Hee has On divers Occations been Imploy'd by you in Affairs relating to 

* The initials at the close of this letter to Col. Westbrook bear some resemblance to the 
letters T. and D., but the internal evidence is, we think, that the document emanated i'rcm 
Gov. Dummer. 

t Maquoit Bay is in the southwest part of Brunswick, in the county of Cumberland, Me. 
































































. 









' 


















1892.] Exhibitions of Harvard College. 233 

the Service, wherein there has been no allowance for his expences, which 
Seems not reasonable, & I think Hee should make out a Just account 
thereof, Which being Avouched by you will doubtless bee allowed him by 
the Government, & if we have supply'd the Birth Hee had with you by 
any other p'son, & there be any other vacancy Sutable for Him, Lett Him 
have it. I am Y r [ ] 

[To Col Tho 9 Westbrook.] 
Mass. Arch. 52: 140. 



York 16 th April 1725. 
May it Please Your Hon r 

We have no Account of the Enemy at present, but fear they [are] 
endavouriug to be reveng'd on us for their Brethren. I hope our constant 
putting Your Hon" Orders in practice will prevent them. I have no Sloop 
yet arriv'd here with Stores to send down to the Eastward, according to 
Your Hon 1-8 Orders, to distress them, which I was in hopes I shou'd have 
had sometime ago. Lieu 1 Jaques has been for some considerable time past 
very desiring, with me, to write to your Hon r for his Dismission, which at 
last has prevail'd, he assuring me of his great necessity to-be with his 
business, and what damages he shall sustain if not granted. L* Coll° Har- 
mon tells me, he had Your Hon" word to dismiss him when his business 
earnestly call'd for him, which it doth at this time. Both of them thank- 
fully Acknowledge Your Hon" favours to them, from time to time. If 
Your Hon r shou'd be pleas'd to Dismiss Lieut Jaquesh and Commissionate 
En 8 Carlile in his room, Lieut Coll Harmon informs me, he will be very 
agreeable to him, and I do assure your Hon r I have known him ever since 
I have been in the Service, and have always found him a modest and sober 
Young man and very ready & faithfull on all Commands. The last Orders 
I rec d from Your Hon r were dated the 16 th of last Month. Having noth- 
ing more that offers worth Your Hon" notice, 

I remain, Your Hon." most Dutifull Serv* 

Tho s Westbrook. 

P.S. Lieu* Coll Harmon is very desirous, if Your Hon 1 shou'd order 
any Sloop to guard the Fishery, that he may Command her. I have ask'd 
leave some time ago, to go home for a few days, my business there being 
very urgent, but have not yet rec d Your Hon" Smiles. 

Mass. Arch. 52 : 142. 

[To be continued.] 



THE EXHIBITIONS OF HARVARD COLLEGE PRIOR 

TO 1800. 

By Andrew McFarland Davis, of Cambridge, Mass. 

The histories of Harvard College all furnish information concern- 
ing the several funds given to the College for the purpose of estab- 
lishing exhibitions at Cambridge. Eliot gives a tabulated statement 
which purports to contain all the gifts received by the College down 



234 Exhibitions of Harvard College. [July, 

to the year 1848. This statement was also published in pamphlet 
form. The exhibitions are not, however, separately collated in any 
of these publications. There is enough of historical interest con- 
nected with the early exhibitions to justify the publication of a list 
composed exclusively of beneficiary trusts for students received by 
the College prior to 1800, showing the sources whence they came 
and the specific purposes to which their founders dedicated them, 
even if such a list should contain but little information that is new. 

Lady Mowlson Gift. The first scholarship at Harvard was founded 
iu 1643 by Ann Mowlson of London. The money was received by 
Thomas Weld, Pastor of the Roxbury Church, whose authority in this 
behalf was derived from the General Court of Massachusetts Bay. The 
amount of the gift was £100, and payment was made by Weld to the 
Country Treasurer. Interest on this fund was paid to the College by the 
Colony until 1685, when for some reason it lapsed; but in 1713 payment 
of principal and interest was made to the College Treasurer. 

The College is in possession of a document setting forth over the signa- 
ture of the founder of this scholarship her purpose in establishing it. By 
the terms of this document it appears that the yearly revenue of this fund 
was "according to her good and pious intention " a to be and to remain a 
perpetual stipend for and towards the perpetual maintenance of some poor 
scholar who shall be admitted into the said College by the said trustees or 
the major part of them, which poor scholar is to enjoy the said yearly 
stipend only until such time as such poor scholar doth attain the degree of 
a Master of Arts and no longer, and then the said yearly stipend shall by 
the said trustees be bestowed upon another poor scholar of the said College 
whom the said trustees shall think best deserving, so the said stipend to 
go in succession from one poor scholar to another, therefor and towards 
their yearly maintenance in perpetuum in manner and form as aforesaid." 
Such facts as are known relative to the history of this scholarship are 
published in the Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society for 
October, 1887. It is unquestionably the oldest and most interesting 
foundation of the kind in this country. Its age would entitle it to respect 
even in England.* It is unfortunate that no information as to the founder 

* Since the publication of the paper in the Proceedings of the American Antiquarian 
Society, entitled "The first Scholarship at Harvard College," I have heen watchful for 
anything which might help me in identifying Lady Mowlson. I found in Brown's Genesis 
of the United States that Thomas Moulson was present, April 15, 1614, at the Court of 
Assistants of the Grocers' Company. The fact that the name is not a common one, and that 
it occured in connection with American ventures, led me to the conclusion that the reference 
was worth preserving. Mr. John Ward Dean has kindly called my attention to the fact 
that Sir Thomas Moulson, Lord Mayor of London in 1634, was knighted at Greenwich on 
the 1st of June in that year. Through his assistance I am able to trace in the Calendar 
of State Papers, Domestic, 1633-6, enough of the career of Sir Thomas to disclose the fol- 
lowing facts. In March, 1634, the Lord Mayor of London died. Thomas Moulson, at that 
time an alderman, was chosen '* to succeed in that government." After his term of office as 
Lord Mayor was completed, he again served as alderman. His name appears in reports to 
the Council, and communications to him are to be found, from the hands of the Commis- 
sioners of Pious L Tt -es and from the King. 

In Fuller's Worthies of England, Nuttall's Edition, 1840, vol. i., p. 282, Moulson is 
classified as a native of Cheshire and it is there stated that " this Thomas Moulson founded 
a fair school in the town where he was born," and in a note Xuttall states that " he founded 
a chapel at Hargrave-Stubbs and endowed it with 40 1. a year. He ul>o endowed a school 
adjoining with 20 1." Nuttall refers to Lyson's Cheshire for his authority. Turning to 
this volume, which is the second part of the second volume of Lyson's Magna Britannia, 
we find references to Sir Thomas on pages 400 and 798. The school which he founded was 
"for the government, education, and instruction of youth in grammar and virtue." He 






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1892.] Exhibitions of Harvard College. 235 

has been obtained; and it must be regarded as somewhat remarkable that 
from the day of its foundation to the present time, fate seems to have 
determined that the Lady Mowlson scholarship should not have an inde- 
pendent existence.* 

John Glover Fund. In 1653, John Glover of Boston left to " Har- 
vard College at Cambridge for and towards the maintenance of a Fellow 
there, five pounds a year forever." It is stated in the Treasurer's Report 
that this annuity is accumulating. 

Edward Hopkins Bequest. In 1657, Edward Hopkins, Governor 
of Connecticut, left a sum of money " for the breeding up of hopeful youths 
both at the Grammar School and College for the public service of the 
Colony in future times." This bequest has figured in the courts, both 
sides of the ocean, but is now in the hands of trustees and the College 
receives a part of the income from it.f Its history has been repeatedly 
published. 

John Doderidge Annuity. In 1650, John Doderidge by will, duly 
proved at London, England, left an annuity to the College. The clause in 
the will relating to the exhibition is as follows: 

" Also I give and bequeath unto ye College in New England towards ye 
maintenance of scholars there, ye yearly sum of ten pounds to be forever 
offering and going forth out of my said Rectory of Fremington in ye 
County of Devon." 

This annuity was paid until 1685. In 1720, steps were taken to test 
the legal rights of the College. This was the cause of considerable ex- 
penditure of money without return of any sort. In 1737, the quest was 
abandoned as hopeless by advice of Counsel. 

Robert Keyne House. In 1659, Robert Keyne of Boston left to 
the College a legacy of £100 and ''also the one moiety or halfe part of a 
house situate in Boston near to the old meeting house vallued at one 
hundred and forty five pound ten shillings." This house was sold to Col. 

directed " the overplus of rents arising from certain lands, then by him given, to be 
applied to the relief of such poor persons as the majority of the feoffees shall think fit." 

The name is generally spelt Moulson, but it occurs once in the Calendar of State Papers 
" Mowlson." 

It appears in the list of Sheriffs for London and Middlesex, given in Fuller's Worthies, . 
vol. ii, p. 407. 21. James I. 

These facts bring before us a successful merchant and a public-spirited man, whom his 
fellow citizens delighted to honor. His interest in American affairs which led him to be 
present at the meeting of the Court of Assistants of the Grocers' Company has brought his- 
name into an American book published nearly three centuries after the meeting in question. . 
He recognized his obligations to his fellow men and sought to provide for the welfare of 
posterity out of the fortune which he had accumulated. 

Is there any connection between Lady Ann Mowlson, the London widow, who in 1643' 
founded the first scholarship at Harvard, and Sir Thomas Moulson, Lord Mayor of London 
and founder of the school at Hargrave-Stabbs ? This question can be easily answered by 
British antiquaries. 

• Newgate Annuity. An annuity left by John Newgate in 16-50, although by its terms 
not an exhibition, was often treated as such by the College authorities. 

+ Allusions to this Bequest, more or less elaborate, will be found in many of the general 
histories. Quincy gives some details in his History of Harvard College. For further par- 
ticulars see : 

N. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg., vol. 38. pp. 315, 316. 

A Brief Account of the Funds that camo from the Estate of Edward Hopkins from the 
Report of the School Committee of Cambridge for the year 1885. Cambridge, 1886. [Pre- 
pared by John Lewis HildTeth.] 

An Account of the Trust administered by the Trustees of the Charity of Edwaxd Hopkins, 
by Charles Pickering Bowditeh. Privately printed, 1889. 

Trumbull's Connecticut. Vol. I. Appendix. 
VOL. XL VI. 19* 















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236 Exhibitions of Harvard College. [July, 

Paige, July 8, 1696, for £100. The testator's desire was that the bequest 
should be " improved and used for the use and help of poor and hopeful 
scholars"; but he left the disposal of the property to the discretion of the 
" President, Trustees and Overseers." The income was frequently dis- 
tributed among poor scholars. 

Henry Webb Legacy. In 1660, Henry Webb left the College by 
will a house iu Boston, "the rent to be forever for the maintenance of 
some poor scholars or otherwise for the best good of the College." He 
also left £50 to be invested in pasture ground or a house, the yearly income 
of which was to be applied to the same ends. 

The house stood where Little, Brown & Co.'s book store now stands. 
The property still belongs to the College. The liberal character of the 
foundation leaves the application of the income of the fund entirely under 
the control of the College authorities. It may be that more useful applica- 
tion can be made of this income than in the establishment of ordinary 
scholarships; yet it would seem that a suitable recognition of the liberal 
founder of this trust would require the association of his name with some 
scholarship, so that it might be spread upon the pages of the Catalogue 
each year as a permanent record of the gratitude of the College. 

William: Pennoyer Scholarships. The will of William Pennoyer, 
through which the College was put in possession of an annuity, of which 
it still receives the benefit, was executed in 1670. The income is for the 
benefit of " two fellows and two scholars," one of them to be of the 
posterity of Robert Pennoyer as often as occasion shall present; the other 
to be of New Haven Colony if conveniently may be. When the clause 
in the will containing these provisions was transcribed for the aid of the 
College authorities in assigning these scholarships, an error of chirography 
served to puzzle the College fathers for nearly fifty years. The phrase in 
the original will, " the other the Colony of now or of late called New 
Haven," became when transcribed " the other the Colony of Nox or of late 
called New Haven." The history of this curious error, so far as it may be 
gathered from the records of the College, may be found in the Proceedings 
of the American Antiquarian Society for April, 1887. A description of 
the scholarship will be found in the College catalogue. 

Elder Pen Annuity. In 1671, Elder Pen left an annuity of £10 
per annum for poor scholars at the College, but neither the funds nor the 
distribution were under the control of the Corporation. 

Richard Bellingham Reversionary Interest. In 1672, Richard 
Bellingham left a reversionary interest which was to be administered " to 
be an annual encouragement to some godly ministers who may be such 
who shall be by my trustees judged faithful to those principles in Chh. 
discipline which are owned and pracitzed in ye first chh of Christ in Boston 
of which I am a member, a main one whereof is that all ecclesiasticall 
jurisdiction is comitted by Christ to each particular organical Chh., from 
which there is no appeal, visible saintship being the matter, and express 
covenanting ye form of ye Chh." The third instruction which he gave to 
the trustees was as follows: 

"That four or six, more or less, young students be brought up for ye 
ministry as the estate will bear." 

A copy of this will has been preserved; but no mention of the College 
having reaped any benefit from its provisions appears in the records. 



1892.] Exhibitions of Harvard College. 237 

Richard Russell Bequest. In 1679, Richard Russell of Charles- 
town executed a will which contained the following clause: "To Harvard 
College in Cambridge I do give and bequeath one hundred pounds and my 
last will is that it shall be improved for (the) purchase of some real estate 
or otherwise so as to bring in an annual revenue and the principal revenue 
shall be allowed to two poor students that may need the same, for their 
furtherance in good literature, and before payment thereof, security shall 
be given my executors for the fulfilling my will in this relation to the 
content of my overseers." Of this legacy £31 13s. 4d. was received in 
provisions, and for many years the balance figured in the College accounts 
as a debt due the College. No mention is made in the records of know- 
ledge of auy trust being attached to this partial payment. 

Samuel Ward Legacy. In 1681, Samuel Ward left Bumkin Island 
to the College. "His mind" was, according to the will, that the income 
derived from the island should be applied " for the easement of the charges 
of the dyet of the students that are in commons." This island, which is 
situated in Boston Harbor, is still owned by the College. 

Browne Scholarship. In 1681, William Brown of Salem bequeathed 
£100 to the College for the bringing up of poor scholars.. William Brown 
is described in the Catalogue as the founder of this scholarship to which 
subsequent contributions were made by Benjamin Brown, Major William 
Brown and Col. Samuel Brown. These will be referred to in detail in 
chronological sequence. 

Nathaniel Hulton Gift. In 1691, Nathaniel Hulton of Newing- 
ton Greene wrote to Increase Mather as follows: 

"It is my resolution to give one hundred pounds, I say £100, which is 
as much as I can do considering my estate and the many poor relations I 
have, and this £100 I do wholly and absolutely leave to you to lay it out 
upon something that will bring in a yearly revenue forever, and that upon 
a true title that will last, and as soon as you have found a place you may 
charge me with £100 sterling money, and I shall pay it if I be alive, or if 
I be dead I will take care to leave order that it be paid when you charge 
it.'' * * * "I leave it wholly to you to lay it out and have ye income 
shall be bestowed so as may do most good." Hulton executed a codicil to 
his will to the following effect: " I give and bequeath to Mr. Increase 
Mather Minister of ye Gospel in New England ye sum of one hundred 
pounds lawful money of England for ye use of ye College of which he 
is President." At a meeting of the Corporation held June 1, 1709, 
it was proposed by Mr. Increase Mather that one of his son Walter's 
children might have the benefit of the above legacy while at the College, 
which was assented to. The fund was treated for many years as an exhibi- 
tion fund.* 

Setvall Scholarships. In 1696, Hon. Samuel Sewall of Boston, and 
his wife, gave the College a farm in the Naragansett Country, the income 
thereof to be appropriated to the support and education of youths of in- 
sufficient means, those from Petaquamscot, if any, to be preferred. These 
scholarships are described in the Catalogue. 

* ?n W0R ^ 0HN Richards Bequest. In 1694, Major John Richards bequeathed to Har- 
vaid College £100 "the yearly profit to be towards the maintenance of poor scholars at 
the discretion of the President and Fellows for the time being." In Treasurer Brattle's 
statement for 1696 this legacy appears as a debt due the College, but inasmuch as no men- 
tion is ever made of the bequest among the annual exhibitions it is not probable that it was 
ever collected. 















































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238 Exhibitions of Harvard College. [July, 

Stoughton Scholarship. In 1703, William Stoughton left to the 
College by will twenty-three acres of pasture land aud four acres of marsh 
land in Dorchester, the yearly income to be for the benefit of some Dor- 
chester scholars ; if none such are at the College, then to some Milton 
scholar, and in want of such to any well deserving that is needy. This 
scholarship is described in the Catalogue. 

Captain Richard Sprague Bequest. In 1703, Captain Richard 
Sprague of Charlestown left £400 to Harvard College, to be disposed of 
for the benefit and advantage of the Corporation, according to the direction 
of Vice President Willard, John Leverett, Rev. William Brattle and Rev. 
Simon Bradstreet. In 1726, Bradstreet, being then the only survivor of 
the trustees, resigned his power of disposing of the donation, into the hands 
of the honored aud reverend Corporation of Harvard College. This be- 
quest, although not specifically an exhibition, was so administered for 
many years. 

Benjamin Brown Bequest. In 1708, Benjamin Brown bequeathed 
two hundred pounds for the support of poor scholars, preference to be given 
to Salem scholars. This bequest is included in the Catalogue under the 
scholarship described as the Browne scholarship. 

Thomas Brattle Bequest. In 1713, Thomas Brattle bequeathed 
£200 " towards the maintenance of some Master of Arts and especially of 
such a one as is best skilled in mathematics and shall by all proper 
methods endeavor the improvement thereof; as by reading and teaching 
the same and making observations and communicating them to the learned 
abroad as in some manner I have done, respect and preference being ever- 
more given to such as shall be akin by blood unto me^above and before all 
others."* 

Major William Brown Bequest. In 1716, Major William Brown, 
second brother to Benjamin Brown, bequeathed £100, the income to be used 
to help support his descendants while students at the College; if none 
there, then to help maintain poor scholars from Salem. This bequest is 
included under the scholarship described in the Catalogue as the Browne 
scholarship. 

Rev. William Brattle Bequest. In 1717, William Brattle be- 
queathed £250 " with this proviso and in expectation and confidence that 
said President and Fellows and whosoever shall succeed or come in their 
stead and room for the improvement and use of said mouey, do, will and 
shall take effectual care forever that £15 annually be disposed of to one 
or more of students at ye discretion and pleasure of said President and 
Fellows unless said student or students be nominated and appointed by 
some of my kindred related to me by blood." There is another clause in 
the will in which he gives to the College £250, " with the same purpose 
and proviso that are before mentioned in this will with respect to my 
former legacy to said College." The College apparently received £250 
under this will.f 

* Thomas Richahds Legacy. Quincy (Vol. II. p. 526) classifies a legacy of Thomas 
Richards in 1714 among the exhibitions. The following is the language of the will: 
" Item I give to Harvard Colledge Thirty Pounds." 

t Mhs. Hutchinson Gift and John Walley Legacy. Quincy [Vol. II. p. 526] 
classifies a gift of £10 by the widow of Eliakim Hutchinson and a legacy of £100 by John 
Walley among the exhibitions. Hutchinson died in 1717. For several years previous to 
his death he had annually given the College £10. In 1718 the same amount was received 



1892. Exhibitions of Harvard College, 239 

Col. Samuel Brown Gift. In 1720, Col. Samuel Brown gave 
£150 to be used for the support of poor students. This gift is included in 
the " Browne Scholarship" described in the Catalogue. 

Hollis Scholarship. The remittances of Thomas Hollis to Harvard 
College began in 1719. By his correspondence it appears that his sole 
purpose at first was to assist poor and pious young men in their studies for 
the ministry. When in February, 1720-21, he founded the Professorship 
of Divinity, he provided in the same instrument for one exhibition of ten 
pounds a year for a student for the ministry and for the division of the 
surplus income into as many more exhibitions of ten pounds each as the 
annual income would bear. 

The details concerning these scholarships were more thoroughly fixed in 
1722 and are given in the Hollis Statute, recorded in the Hollis Book. 
"Dunces, Rakes and persons reasonably judged able to maintain them- 
selves " are there declared " not fit to partake of this bounty." The scholar- 
ship is described in the Catalogue. 

Rev. Henry Gibbs Legacy. In 1722, Rev. Henry Gibbs of Water- 
town left a legacy of £100 to the College, " The yearly interest to be 
exhibited to such members of the College as need it, firstly to my children's 
posterity if they desire it." 

Capt. Epfirafu Flynt Bequest. In 1723, Capt. Ephraim Flynt 
bequeathed £100 to Harvard College "to be applied at the discretion of 
ye Corporation yt is to say ye income thereof to ye benefit of ye scholars 
there who are studious, well disposed and want help." 

Thomas Danforth Gift. In 1724, Thomas Danforth made the 
following communication to the Corporation : " To Harvard College on 
the condition hereafter named I do give, and when they have a President 
settled will confirm by deed, these three tenements at Framingham etc. etc. 
to have and hold ye same forever to their only use and behoof. The con- 
ditions are as followeth : i.e. 

1. That the Annual Rents shall be for the support of such students as 
shall from time to time use and improve one of the studies in ye new 
lodgings erected by Mr. Stoughton. 

2. That ye nomination of said person shall be by my heirs resident in 
ye Province. 

3. That such student shall be exempt from paying study rent and 
detriment. 

4. If such lodgings shall not be from time to time got and kept in good 
repair, or if any prelatical injunction shall be imposed on said Society, yt 
in such case my gift shall revert to my heirs. 

I shall advise of a meet form for such an instrument as soon as a Col- 
lege is gathered." In a codicil to his will Danforth left these leases to the 
College " on such conditions as I shall name." 

Beginning with the year 1730, the Danforth or Framingham leases 
figure regularly in the list of exhibitions. For many years no single ex- 
hibition on the list equalled this in value. Iu 1806 in a list of exhibitions 

from his widow. Leverett records the fact that " the President asked her whether she was 
pleased to cive him any directions about the di-position of it, she said no, and so left it 
with him." The terms prescribed for the disposition of Walley's legacy were " for the 
use of two scholars £15 per annum for three. years after taking their first degree, £10 
towards the charge of their second degree." Of course these assignments could not be 
made from the income of this bequest. 



























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240 Exhibitions of Harvard College. [July, 

for sundry legacies and donations amounting to $5,016.66, this appears as 
one. 

Anne Mills Legacy. In 1725, Mrs. Anne Mills left the College a 
legacy of £50, " which fifty pounds my will is should be improved towards 
ye bringing up of such scholars as shall most need it." This fund figured 
as an exhibition for many years. 

Saltonstall Scholarships. In 1730. Madam Mary Salronstall, 
widow of Gov. Gurdon Saltonstall of Connecticut, bequeathed to the Col- 
lege £1000, the income of which was to be given to two persons without 
means, of bright parts and good diligence (always dissenters) to tit them 
for the Church of Christ; those related to the giver by consanguinity to be 
preferred. These scholarships are described in the Catalogue. 

Col. Samuel Brown Bequest. In 1731, Col. Samuel Brown, the 
same who in 1720 gave £150 for an exhibition, bequeathed his estate in 
Hopkinton, the income thereof to be used for bringing up poor scholars, 
those recommended by his posterity to be preferred. This bequest is 
included in the scholarship described in the Catalogue as the Browne 
Scholarship. 

Nathaniel Hollis Gift. January 27, 1731-2, Nathaniel Hollis 
transmitted £350 in Province Bills to give an exhibition for two more 
scholarships subject to the same rules and orders as the ten established hj 
his late brother, Thomas Hollis. " What I chiefly intend is yt they be 
both Indian students, now and at all times if they can be had; but if not I 
leave yt to ye College to fill up with such persons as they judge piously 
inclined, useful to ye ministry." Described in the Catalogue under Hollis 
Scholarship. 

Dorothy Saltonstall Scholarships. In 1733, Dorothy Saltonstall 
bequeathed £300, the interest thereof to be employed yearly for the bene- 
fit of two poor scholars according to the discretion of the President and 
Fellows of said College for the time being. These scholarships are de- 
scribed in the Catalogue. 

Thomas Fitch Legacy. In 1737, the College received a legacy 
of £300 from Hon. Thomas Fitch "for the education of scholars of good 
capacity for the work of the ministry." This was treated as an exhibition. 

President Wadsworth's Charity Bag. In 1737, President Wads- 
worth bequeathed out of the money in his charity bag £110, "six pounds 
of the annual income thereof to be for the support of some poor scholar 
or scholars residing at the College (tho to no dunce or rake) at the dis- 
cretion of the Corporation. And if any relative to me by blood should be 
at the College and need, I would have such one preferred." 

John Ellery Bequest. In 1738, £150, old tenor, was left by 
John Ellery " for the maintenance of any of the students that may stand in 
need of such help." This legacy was treated as an exhibition and appears 
upon the annual lists in the records for many years. 

Daniel Henchman Gifts. In April, 1742, Daniel Henchman gave 
the College 100 oz. of silver, the annual income to be added to the salary 
of the Hollisian Professor of Divinity. In October of the same year, he 
gave £150 for the same purpose. It was to be applied in this way so long 
as the Professor should be a man of the Congregational or Presbyterian 



1892. Exhibitions of Harvard College. 241 

Church and would profess and teach the principles of the Christian religion, 
according to the well known confession of faith drawn up by a synod of 
the churches in New England. Failing either of these points, it was to be 
used for the benefit of some deserving student of said College whose parents 
should not be able to bear the charges of his public education and who 
should also he approved by the pastor of the Old South Church in Boston, 
for the time being, preference being given to a child of Boston. In 1758, 
Henchman also gave J£6G 13s. 4d., the interest of which was to be given to 
the Hollis Professor of Mathematics. 

President Holyoke Gift and Legacy. In 1743, President Hol- 
yoke gave £100 old tenor to the College, the income to be for the use of 
the College until further directions were given for the disposal of the same. 
By his will he left £13 6s. 8d. lawful money, " the income at present as 
the Corporation shall see meet, but my will is that when at any time here- 
after there shall be one or more related to me by consanguinity, shall be a 
member or members of said College, the income of this my bequest as also 
of that gift which I gave the College about two and twenty years ago, viz. 
one hundred pounds O. T. shall be given to such relative or relatives of 
mine, if they shall stand in need or want thereof, such want to be judged 
by the corporation of said College." 

Henry Flynt Bequest. In 1760, Henry Flynt, the venerable tutor, 
bequeathed £700 old tenor, or £93 6s. 8d. lawful money, the annual in- 
come to be for the four senior tutors as an addition to their salaries. He 
also left a legacy of £112 10s. old tenor or fifty Spanish dollars, " the 
yearly interest to be paid to one or more needy scholars who are diligent 
and virtuous at the discretion of the Corporation. My relatives of the 
blood to have the preference." These bequests are recognized in the 
Treasurer's report. 

Rev. Dr. Joseph Sewall Gift. In 1765, Rev. Dr. Joseph Sewall 
gave £20 lawful money. Mr. Hubbard informed the Corporation that Dr. 
Sewall signified to him that he desired the income of this donation should 
be disposed of to needy scholars. 

Rev. Dr. Appleton Gift. In 1772, Rev. Dr. Appleton gave to the 
President and Fellows of Harvard College £30 lawful money, " desiring 
and expecting the annual interest thereof be every year exhibited to some 
well deserving student at the College, whose circumstances shall need such 
charitable assistance; and whenever any of my posterity shall be at the 
College that they shall have the benefit of this donation if their parents or 
guardians shall desire it; and this donation is instead of ye legacy given to 
said College in my last will and testament." 

Notwithstanding this last clause, the College received in 1784, £26 from 
the estate of Dr. Appleton for the same purpose. The clause under which 
this was takeu was as follows : " I give to the President and Fellows of 
Harvard College, the interest thereof to be by them given to some poor 
but well deserving scholar agreeable to my directions with respect to a 
former donation to said corporation." 

Mary Lindall Legacy. Mary Lindall by will, proved June 17, 

1776, left the College £100, "the interest to be by them applied and 
annually exhibited to such scholar or scholars at said College of good 
character whose circumstances call for such charitable assistance, and that 
the preference be always to such who shall be related to me by blood, and 
























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242 Exhibitions of Harvard College. [July, 

in want of such to some scholar or scholars of the town of Salem." This 
legacy was paid in 1812. 

Alford Scholarship. Joanna Alford in 1785 bequeathed £100 
sterling to the College, the income to be appropriated for the education of 
those students who are under low aud indigent circumstances. This 
scholarship is described in the Catalogue.* 

It would be interesting to pursue the study of these exhibitions 
to a later date ; but the beginning of a new century nearly coinci- 
dent with a change in the form of government of the country fur- 
nishes a suitable stopping place. When the College was founded, 
and for nearly a century and a half thereafter, the accounts w r ere 
kept in single entry. During this period, annual assignments were 
made of the specific income of the several scholarships, and the 
lives of these scholarships can be traced through the records. When 
the system of double entry book-keeping was adopted, the existing 
exhibitions of which the Treasurer has any knowledge were bunched 
in a single account termed the " Exhibition Account " ; and there- 
after their history was consigned to the oblivion of that account. 
Some of them have since been rescued and re-instated upon separate 
bases. The majority survive only in the general account. 

It is a satisfaction to be able to state that I have been able to 
trace into the exhibition account all the gifts or legacies mentioned 
in the foregoing list which can properly be defined as exhibitions, 
and payment of which to the College can clearly be shown, with the 
exception of the Lady Mowlson Scholarship and the Richard Russell 
Bequest. | In the case of the former, the fact that the College 
treasurer was not made the custodian of the fund until seventy years 
after the foundation of the scholarship furnishes an explanation for 
the evident ignorance of the College officers of the conditions at- 
tached to the gift. % In the latter case, it may be inferred from the 

* West Boston Bridge Appropriation - . When the West Boston Bridge was estab- 
lished the Legislature provided that the annuity granted the College for the revocation of 
its vested rights in the Chaiiestown ferry should be appropriated towards "defraying the 
tuition of indigent scholars, or for the reducing the expense of tuition to all the other 
scholars." The terms of this enactment were altered a few years thereafter. 

f I ought perhaps to add that I have made no effort to follow the Mary Lindall legacy, 
as it was not paid till 1812. 

t An examination of the paper on the Lady Mowlson Scholarship, printed in the Pro- 
ceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, to which reference has been made, will 
show that the College fund amounting to £162 16. 4. in the hands of the Treasurer of the 
Province, was, in the latter part of the seventeenth and the beginning_ of the eighteenth 
century, invariably spoken of as consisting of gifts to the College. It is evident that the 
Overseers did not then have knowledge" of the existence of the document from which 
quotation has been mude in the text, nor were they conscious that the Magistrates of the 
Colony had in 1655 dissented from the conclusion of the Deputies to pay the same over to 
the College, on the express ground that the Lady Mowlson gift was for the establishment 
of scholarships. Both these points will appear "from an examination of the record of an 
Overseers' meeting held at Cambridge, July 25, 1712, taken from the Leverett Book, in 
which record the fund is spoken of as a "donation, and in which it is stated that two 
memorials, referring probably to recent petitions, had been preferred to the Gene.-al Court. 
The following is Leverett's account of the meeting in question: 

" The President represented to the Overseers that there was the sum of £162. 16. 4. due 
beinj? the donation of the Lady Moulson &c. to the College, due from the Countrev; that 
the Countrev had oblig'd themselves to pay the College £15 P. annum in Countrev pay for 
ye Interest of the sd sum of £162. 16. 4 so long as it remained in the Publick Treasury, 



















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1892.] Exhibitions of Harvard College. 243 

absence of any allusion in the records to the intention of Russell to 
found an exhibition, that the College treasurer was ignorant of the 
terms of the will. The partial payment of which we have knowledge 
was apparently the only payment made to the College. If it is 
unfortunate that the titles of any of these foundations should be lost 
from sight, still it must be a source of congratulation that the funds 
have survived the extraordinary fluctuations to which investments of 
that period were exposed. Eliot, in a memorandum following 
his entry of Thomas Brattle's bequest, referring to his attempt at ex- 
pressing the value of the gifts in sterling and in currency, says: 
"At this period began the depreciation of the currency of the 
Province, in consequence of the issue of bills of credit by the 
government. Specie disappeared, and the bills increased in num- 
ber and diminished in value till after 1750, when a large sum in 
silver was received from England to reimburse the expenses of the 
colony in the French War, and formed a sufficient basis of circula- 
tion till the Revolution. The rate of depreciation is adopted gener- 
ally on the authority of Mr. Felt : though memoranda in the Col- 
lege records and some private sources of information have been con- 
sulted, and occasionally followed. Probably prices in the money 
market were not so definite as they would have been in a larger and 
more wealthy community ; and the rates here given must be con- 
sidered as generally rather than universally correct." 

This crisis was by no means the most perilous of the hazards 
which current investments of that day had to meet. After having 
passed through the time when they were tested as to value by 
examining whether they were payable in bills of old or new tenor, 
in lawful money or in sterling, they were exposed to the conditions 
of a currency which may be measured by the titles of the following 
accounts coexistent on the books of the Harvard College Treasurer : 
Paper Currency, Continental Loan Certificates, Bills on France, 
Difference of Exchange, Depreciation Notes, Bills of Xew Emission 
and Bills of Old Emission. As if to add to the confusion of affairs, 
it is difficult to say what was the real currency unit in use in the 
country. Contributions to a subscription circulated in 1766 were 
made payable in Guineas, Dollars, Joannes, Spanners, Pounds and 
Shillings. 

The Exhibition Account still figures in the Treasurer's report. 
The amount to the credit of the Account in recent reports is between 
nine and ten thousand dollars. It is an open question whether it 

that ye sum of £15 had been so paid nnro the year 1685. That the Principal and Interest 
had bin detained from the College unto this day, and that tbo the Treasurer of the College 
by the order of the Corporation had twice prefer'd a memorial in behalf of the College to 
the General Court of the Province, and moved that the Overseers wit be pleased to take 
the matter into their consideration and advise- what is to be done in the premisses. 

The Overseers were pleased to view the College records, by which it seemed to be evid't 
that such a sum was due, and they were of opinion that the Countrey w'd be obliged in 
Justice to produce a discharge for the said sum or to pay the principall with the Interest in 
arrear. But the Secretary was desired to search the Countrey records that what lisjht they 
afford might be produced, if further sh'd be demanded, w'ch he was pleased to uadertake." 
YOL. XLVI. 20 



244 Will of Henry Pooh. [July, 

would not be more in accordance with the general policy of the Col- 
lege with reference to gifts, if it should distribute this fund, or the 
greater part of it, crediting such exhibitions as may be supposed to 
have lost their identity through its establishment with proportionate 
amounts, and leaving them to accumulate until they can be used for 
beneficiary purposes. It would seem as if some of these accounts 
have a right to separate existence on the books of the College. If, 
for instance, it should be concluded that the Lady Mowlson Scholar- 
ship is to be found in the Exhibition Account, it would be an easy 
matter to revive it by name. If, however, it should be determined 
that this Scholarship was never covered into that Account, then an 
appeal might be made to some of the wealthy alumni to furnish the 
funds for the establishment of a scholarship of that name. 



WILL OF HENRY POOLE, 1643. 

Communicated by John S. H. Fogg, M.D., of South Boston, Mass. 

I Henry Poole Late of the Citye of London, Girdler, and now 
resident in Boston in New England Being willing to prouide for my 
departure out of this p e sent Liffe though weake & sicke of body yet 
of good and pfect memory Thanckes be giuen to God for the same ; 
doe now make ordain e & declare this my Last will and testament in 
manner and forme following. 

Imprimis, I will that all such debts and dutyes I am of right owing 
to any pson or psons be well and truly paid and contented by my 
Executor heere affter named, and affter my debts are paid and funerall 
expence3 pformed I will that all my goods, chattelis and debts shal 
be Deuided into three Equall parts, Whereof I will that my deare & 
Loueing wiffe Elizabeth Poole shall haue one Equall part to her 
owne proper vse, of all my said goods Chattelis and debts affter the 
Laudable Custome of the City of London : and the second equall 
part of all my said goods, chattelis and debts whatsoeuer I bequeath 
to my three sonn3 to be deuided amongst them ; That is to say, to 
my Eldest sonne Henry one hundred pounds and my second sonne 
Robert ffitye pounds (more) then my will is shall be giuen and 
bequeathed to my Yongest sonne Edmond Poole. And yf my 
said deare & Loueing wiffe shall happen to bee w th child I bequeath 
vnto him or her an equall portion w th my sonne Edmond, To be paid 
and deliuered to them and euery of them according to the proportion 
before mentioned when they shall accomplish and come to there 
Lawfull ages of one & twenty yeeres or else to bee marryed, and yf 
any of my said children shall decease before they accomplish said 
ages and before that tyme bee not married that then I bequeath his 
or her part (of the soe deceased) to the other of them then suruiving 
to be deliuered to them as aforesaid. 
























' 









. 












1892.] Will of Henry Poole. 245 

And the third equall part of all my said goods Chattells and debts I 
reserue vnto my Executor or Executrix heereaffter expressed therew" 1 
to pforme my Legacies and bequests, heereaffter specifyed, That is 
to say the residue of all my goods Chattells and debts affter my debts 
bee paid my funerali expences pformed and these my Legacyes 
contained in this my present testament fullfild I Wholy Liue and 
bequeath to my said Children to be deuided among them and deliu'd 
vnto them as I haue aboue Willed and declared. 

Item, I giue and bequeath vnto ray ffather Rowland Poole for a 
ring twenty shillings and to my Sister Martha Castle twenty shillings 
for the same vse. 

Item, I bequeath tc Robert Castle, Thomas Bendish Esquire and 

M r Peter each of them twenty flue shillings for the aforesaid 

vse. Item, I bequeath to my Brother Randall Poole and his 
children the summe of ten pounds and to Anna Paullmoore forty 
shillings. Item, I giue and bequeath to the Colledge of Cambredg 
in New England ten pounds, and to William Bartholemew fforty 
shillings. And I will and my mynd and intent is that my wiffe or 
any whom she shall ordaine and appointe shall haue the keeping 
gouernance & bringing vp of my said Children during there non- 
ages, and alsoe the disposall and imployment of there and euery of 
there portions (bequeathed and shalbe comeing to them or any of 
them as aforesaid) too and for the vse benifTet and behoofe of them 
& euery of them as is before expresed. And of this my present 
testament I make and ordaine my said deare Wiffe Elizabeth Poole 
my sole Executrix. And of the execution of the same I make and 
ordaine Robert Castle and Thomas Bendish Esquires Ouerseers in 
England, and for the Mannaging and composing of my affaires in 
New England and the better obtaining and pcurins all mv goods 
chatties & debts heere I doe alsoe constitute and ordaine Nehemiah 
Bourne William Dauis Robert Cooke and Thomas Dayton Over- 
seers of this my Last will & Testament, And do giue & grannt vnto 
them and euery of them full power and authority to gsecute any 
pson or psons for euery debt or debts duty appertainnige to me by 
Bpecialtie or otherwayes & to gcure and receiue the same and dispose 
thereof for the best aduantage of my wiffe & children according to 
my trust committed vnto them. And for There Labour and paynes 
therein I giue & bequeath to my Ouerseers twenty Nobles a peece. 
And I Vtterly reuoke &> disanull euery other former Testaments 
wills Legacies bequeasts Executors & Ouerseers by mee in any wise 
before thi3 tyme named willed & bequeathed. In Wittnese whereof 
I haue heerevnto set my hand & Seale, Dated at Boston in New 
England the twenty th day of August Annoq. Doni. 1643. 

Sealed Signed & deliu'd Hen : Poole. 

in pesents of vs. 

Richard Shearman Jo Wakelin 

Thomas Bartholmew George Story. 







































' 





















246 Rev. Stephen Bachiler. [July, 

[The original of the above will of Henry Poole is in the possession of Dr. 
Fogg, who" has kindly copied it for the Register. The original contains no 
memorandum of its being probated, and there is no entry relative to the will on 
the records of the Suffolk Probate Court. It is probable that Mr. Poole did not 
live long after the date of his will, as the Hon. Josiah Quincy in his History of 
Harvard University, vol. L, page 458, quotes from College Book No. III. an 
entry of a cash receipt by the college " as of the year 1642 " of ten pounds from 
** Henry Pool." If the amount was paid under the will, it must have been 
received later than 1642, for the will is dated 1643. What more is known of this 
Henry Poole? — Editor]. 



REV. STEPHEN BACHILER. 

By the Hon. Charles E. Batcheldeh, of Portsmouth, N. H. 
[Continued from page 161.] 

In 1G39 Rev. Timothy Dalton became teacher of the church at Hamp- 
ton, Mr. Bachiler remaining as pastor. From his arrival dates the fierce 
conflicts in the church, which must have prevented either minister from 
accomplishing any good in the community. The larger portion of the 
worshippers sided with Mr. Dalton. having been his parishioners in Eng- 
land at Woolverstone, Ipswich, in Suffolk.* 

This gave Dalton an advantage in the contest, though his opponent, 
educated in the most famous English university, of excellent natural abili- 
ties, a keen disputant, quick to attack the weak point in his enemy's armor, 
courageous and unyielding, was no mean antagonist. Bachiler was posi- 
tive, earnest and convincing. He spoke as one having authority and from 
knowledge of the truth. Dalton was younger, more active, and perhaps 
more vehement, than his elder colleague. He was mo e politic than 
Bachiler, but fully as tenacious of his opinions. By his residence in Ded- 
ham he had learned the plans and desires of Massachusetts and earnestly 
espoused them. He had the powerful support of the Bay Colony and wa3 
perhaps made teacher of the Hampton church in order to combat the 
pastor's independent influence. 

The history of this three-years contest between the pastor and teacher 
of the church at Hampton has nearly passed into obscurity. The town 
records show nothing concerning it. The church records of that date have 
disappeared. The only thing remaining is Winthrop's relation, of the 
utterly improbable story that Mr. Bachiler, evidently esteemed of pure life 
to that time, at the age of four-score years solicited the chastity of his 
neighbor's wife.f Winthrop adds, apparency as a circumstance of aggra- 
vation, that Mr. Bachiler then had '"a lusty, comely woman to his wife." 
This was evidently one of " the provoking matters" which Rev. Thomas 
Shepard advised Winthrop might be left to the judgment of others to pub- 
lish when the copy of his history was privately examined. That Winthrop 
himself would have struck out this record, if he had been alive at its publi- 
cation, is extremely probable. Consider for a moment the evidence against 
this accusation. 

1. The advanced age of the accused and his previous good character 
almost certainly prove the story a fabrication. 

* Register for 1885, pace 288. 
t Winthrop's N. E., ii. *U, 45. 






























' 















1892.] Rev. Stephen Bachiler. 247 

2. The immorality of the settlers east of the Merrimack was urged as 
a reason why that region should come under Massachusetts rule. To sup- 
port that statement numerous people in the two eastern colonies were 
charged with sexual crimes. It is doubtful if any of them were true, 
except in the case of Underbill, who was forgiven as soon as he had trans- 
ferred his allegiance to the Bay, and perhaps Burdett, minister at Agamen- 
ticus, who was indicted for adultery. 

3. Such solicitation was a criminal offence in those days, punishable 
with severe penalities.* No indictment was ever found against Mr. 
Bachiler and no charge ever made against him to any magistrate. On the 
contrary he charged his accusers with the crime of slander before the 
magistrates. 

4. Early in 1644 Mr. Bachiler had a call to settle at Exeter. The 
path between Hampton and Exeter was short and easily travelled. Hamp- 
ton gossip was repeated in Exeter in a few days. If the highly respectable 
people of Exeter had supposed there was a scintilla of truth in the charges 
they would not have called the offender to be their pastor. Moreover the 
prohibition of the General Court of Massachusetts against Bachiler's settling 
at Exeter was based, not on his unfitness, but on the divided state of the 
Exeter church. f If he had been supposed guilty of impurity it would 
have been a conclusive reason against his settlement at Exeter, and we can 
hardly suspect the General Court of dissembling and basing their action 
upon a weaker reason when a stronger existed. Such was not their usual 
custom. 

5. But it is said that he confessed the crime, though he afterwards 
denied it. If true, that would end all controversy. All writers on evidence 
declare that admissions or confessions are worthy of little credence unless 
made in the plainest terms and with the clearest understanding of the facts 
of the case. An examination of Winthrop's History would induce us to^ 
believe that New England was then full of all kinds of sexual crimes, and 
that nearly every person accused confessed his guilt. A slight examination 
of the acts, which were deemed confessions in those days, show their utter 
untrustworthiness as evidence. To refuse to plead either guilty or not 
guilty was wrested into a confession. % It is evident that Bachiler never 
confessed in words. Tbe charge was based on some alleged admission by 
conduct. The representation of Bachiler as a whiffling, inconstant man is 
entirely foreign to his character. Winthrop's words, " He stiffly denied 
it," clearly represent his disposition. He was a positive, obstinate, tena- 
cious, unyielding man. When he made a statement he stcod by his words 
and did not contradict them shortly after. It is almost impossible to be- 
lieve that any excitement arising from the outrageousness of the charge, 
any indignation aroused by his innocence, or any fear caused by knowledge 
of g ilt, could make him on a single occasion only in the course of his long- 
and contentious life, uncertain and vaccilating. He was evidently mis- 
understood or misrepresented. Probably the latter. The so-caiied con- 
fession had this basis and no more. Bachiler's project had failed. The- 
Bay Cclony had succeeded in its design against New Hampshire. The 
opposition to Bachiler in the church at Hampton, previously a majority, 
was greatly strengthened by the union of the provinces in 1641. Dalton 

* Hugh Peter's letter to Winthrop, Mass. Hist. Coll. Fourth Series.. Vol. VI. 40.. 
Winthrop's N. E. I. *292 note. Id. I. *60. Mss. Court Records, Rockingham Co., N. H., 
passim. 

t Register, Vol. I. 152. 

% Mass. Hist. Coll. Fourth Series, Vol. VII. 585. 
VOL. XXVI. 20* 



248 Rev, Stephen Bachiler. [July, 

had succeeded in excommunicating him. At last, wearied with the contest, 
Bachiler accepted the inevitable and agreed to remove " for peace's sake," 
as he wrote Winthrop. In order to justify to Winthrop their unlawful act 
in excommuuicating Bachiler, Dalton and his adherents told Winthrop 
that Bachiler had confessed the truth of the charge and claimed that his 
offer to remove voluntarily was a confession of guilt. That this act was a 
confession was indignantly denied by the pastor, and so arose the charge 
that he confessed and then retracted his confession. What absurd con- 
structions were given to words in those days in order to allege that a 
confession had been made can be seen by examining Wheelwright's letter 
in connection with the statement of the Massachusetts General Court in 
1644, that Mr. Wheelwright had made "a particular, solemn and serious 
acknowledgment and confession of his evil carriages and of the Court's 
justice upon him for them." 

Winthrop accepted as true the word of Bachiler's enemies, and neglected 
to give the aged pastor a hearing for his vindication, though urgently 
demanded. 

6. The Hampton town records of this date are silent in regard to this 
matter, and the church records have been missing for many years. They 
can give no testimony either way. 

7. No tradition exists in Hampton or, so far as can be learned, has 
ever existed, giving the name of this woman or her husband, and no written 
evidence of any kind has ever been produced, except the story as preserved 
by Winthrop. Who was this woman? Was the complaint made promptly? 
Was her word worthy of credence? Was she of pure life? Did she per- 
sist in her declaration? Did she afterwards retract the charge? Did she 
live in Hampton many years afterwards, and was she during this time on 
friendly terms with the accused until his removal from town? We cannot 
test the truth of the charge by answers to these questions, for we have no 
evidence on these points. 

8. During all this time Bachiler was carrying on a correspondence with 
Gov. Winthrop and members of his family. If he had confessed the crime 
Dalton would have promptly notified Winthrop of that fact, and Bachiler 
would soon have found that Winthrop knew it. On the contrary, at the 
end of the year 1643 we find him writing to the chureh at Boston that he 
does not see how he can leave Hampton until he has cleared and vindicated 
the wrongs he has sul¥ered in the chureh of w T hich he was still a member. 
He demands a trial of his allegations against Mr. Dalton and of Dalton's 
defence. He says that divers elders aud bi^thren have looked slightly into 
the troubles, but there has never been a judicial trial of them. 

He affirms that his excommunication was the foulest matter, both for 
the cause alleged and the real cause (even wrath and revenge). The 
proceedings of Dalton against him he declares to be monstrous and fearful. 

Brook says "the supposition that the charges of immorality against. Hugh 
Peter were true is inconsistent with the intimate relations which he is 
known to have sustained to many eminent men of unquestionable worth."* 

Would Winthrop and his family have been friends and correspondents of 
one whom they knew to be immoral? 

9. It must be remembered that no charge is so easily made, so readily 
believed without proof, and so difficult to disprove. The allegation alone 
is frequently considered full proof. It was not incumbent on the accused 
to prove the negative, that he was not guilty. The burden of proof was 

* Sprague's Am. Pulpit, Vol. I. 75. 



















































. 
























1892.] Rev. Stephen Bachiler. 249 

on the complainant to make out a case, and it certainly never was proven. 
The testimony of the woman, aided by confession, would have made a 
strong case for the Colony in a criminal prosecution, and as the respondent 
could not testify it would have been impossible to produce any legal evi- 
dence in his behalf. This fact clearly indicates that no confession that 
could have been received in court was ever made. 

In a like case in 1642, supported by similar evidence, Rev. James 
Parker, then of Portsmouth, thought the matter not worthy of complaint 
for lack of evidence, and did not report it to the Massachusetts magistrates.* 

10. Nearly two years after his excommunication the matter was re- 
ferred to some magistrates and elders, and through their mediation he was 
released of his excommunication, but not received to his pastor's office. 
It is undoubtedly to this half undoing of the great wrong done him that 
Bachiler refers in his letter to the church in Boston in 16-43, when he says, 
" Whiles my cause (tho looked sleitly into by diverse Elders & brethren) 
could never come to a judiciall searching forth of things, & an impartiall 
tryall of my allegations & his defence. "j Was not reversal of the punish- 
ment a vindication of the accused? That the mediators refused to restore 
him to his office of pastor was due to the divided state of the Hampton 
church, not to any delinquency on the pastor's part. 

11. The year he was excommunicated he was chosen umpire in the 
important suit of Cleeve vs. Winter and Winter vs. Cleeve, involving title 
to the land now occupied by the city of Portland, Me. It is possible that 
this appointment was prior to his excommunication, but in 1643 he re- 
ceived a call to Casco. They must then have known the slander. Did 
they discredit it, or did they consider it no wrong? 

12. Even Gov. Winthrop was evidently ashamed of the means used by 
Dal ton to destroy the good name of Mr. Bachiler, as he adds to his account 
of the trouble, k * his fellow elder Mr. Dalton (who indeed had not carried 
himself in this cause so well as became him aud was brought to see his 
failing and acknowledged it to the elders of the other churches, who had 
taken much pains about this matter)." How unjustifiable must have been 
Dalton's conduct to induce Gov. Winthrop to (ensure him in this manner, 
when Dalton was his friend, perhaps his relative, certainly a relative of 
his son John Winthrop, and an orthodox Puritan, for acts done in interest 
of the Bay Colony. 

The penitence of Dalton, however, could not undo the wrong to Bach- 
iler. Was not the gift of most of her property to Nathaniel Bachiler, 
Senior, the grandson of Rev. Stephen, by the widow Ruth, relict of Rev. 
Timothy Dalton, evidence of an attempt on her part to atone as far as 
possible for the wrong done by her husband to Nathaniel's grandfather ?t 

We have thus briefly indicated a few of the improbabilities of the story as 
it has come down to us. It seems utterly unworthy of belief, and it may 
safely be charged to the bitterness of the disputes which then existed in 
religious and secular matters. The call to Casco, already mentioned, was 
received in the latter part of 1643. George Cleeve wrote Gov. Winthrop 
the 27 th of the 11 th month 1643 that "They (the inhabitants of Lygonia) 
seeing vs about to settle our selues vndar the ministry, and that the Lord 
will gather a Church amongst vs."§ Bachiler communicated with the 

* Mass. Hist. Coil., Fourth Series, Vol. VII. 441, 444. 
t Mass. Hist. Coll. Fourth Series, VII. 102. 
1 Will of Ruth Daiton, Family MSS. 
§ Willis's Hist. Portland, 881. 



250 Mev. Stephen Bachiler. [July, 

church at Boston and received from the magistrates and elders a letter of 
advice urging the acceptance of the call, presumably because they were 
weary of the bickering at Hampton and thought it would be ended by the 
removal of Mr. Bachiler. 

He replied to this letter of advice, under date of the " 26 th of this last 
m. 1643," objecting that his removal from Hampton to Casco was forced 
byeunjust proceedings, as well as by an honorable calling from Casco and 
liks honorable advice from the church in Boston. He states his unwilliug- 
nesl to accept the call before he has a hearing of his allegations against 
Da ton and asks for a full trial of the same. He said he had promised to 
go to Casco and confer with them in regard to the call about the last week 
of March, 1 043-4. This call probably came from Cleeve, who had recently 
returned from England with a commission from Rigby as deputy president 
of Lygonia. While the call to Casco was under consideration, and very 
early in 1644, Mr. Bachiler received a call to Exeter. 

By a letter, dated the 18 th or 19 th of this 3 m. 1644, written by Mr. 
Bachiler, we learn that the Massachusetts magistrates and elders had 
considered this last call and had simply advised Mr. Bachiler to remove 
from Hampton, leaving him apparently free to choose whichever settlement 
he pleased. As he had not accepted the call to Casco he chose to settle at 
Exeter, and notified the Exeter church of his acceptance. He also volun- 
tarily suggested to the Exeter people that they could not expect to main- 
tain a church and minister long unless they made provision for a parsonage, 
and offered to contribute forty pounds, nearly the whole of his annual 
salary, toward the purchase of Mr. Wheelwright's house for that purpose. 
The day of the helper's meeting was agreed upon, and the persons and 
materials of their intended church. An unexpected event however was to 
prevent his settlement. The Bay Colony, discovering the intended settle- 
ment at Exeter, then within their jurisdiction, promptly forbade the gather- 
ing of a church there. Just ten days after receiving notice of the proposed 
settlement at Exeter, the General Court of Massachusetts, held at Boston 
May 29, 1644, adopted the following order: 

" Whereas it appears to this Co r t that some of the inhabitants of Exceter 
do intend shortly to gather a church, & call M r Bachiler to be their min- 
ister, & forasmuch as the divisions &, contentions w ch are amonge the in- 
habitants there are iudged by this Co r t to bee such as for the psnt they 
cannot comfortably & w th aprjbatiou gceed in so weightly & sacred alfaires, 
it is therefore ordered, that direction shalbe fourthw 111 sent to the said in- 
habitants to deferr the gathering of any church, or other such rjceeding 
untill this CVt or the CVt at Ipswich (upon further satisfaction of their 
reconciliation & fitnes) shall give allowance thereunto."* 

That the true reason for the prohibition was stated in this order is evi- 
dent because that reason could be inquired into by the Ipswich court, and 
upon evidence of their reconciliation and fitness the order of the General 
Court could be revoked. Winthrop gives the same reason and adds, " and 
beside Mr. Batchellor had been in three places before, and through his 
means, as was supposed, the churches fell to such divisions, as no peace 
could be till he was removed."! The General Court evidently did not 
care to put its opposition on that ground. Accepting the inevitable Mr. 
Bachiler settled down at Hampton again. He was a church member, but 
probably did not preach. 

* Mass. Colonv Records [52.] 

f Winthrop's N. E. ii. *177, see also ii. 211, 212. 



























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1 











































1892.] Rev, Stephen Bachiler. 251 



At a General Court of election, held at Boston, May 29 th , 1644, it was 
ordered that " Mr Bellingham, Mr Saltonstall & Mr Symonds are ap- 
pointed a committee & have full power to heer & determine all businesses 
at Hampton both about their differences, offences & a new plantation 
according to their several petitions. ''* 

On the 11th day of June, 1644, on petition of Xpofer Hussie & 18 others 
of ye inhabitants of Hampton, " Mr Bellingham Mr Soltonstall & Mr 
Broadstreet are a comittee to examiue and judge the differences between 
the inhabitants."! 

This was undoubtedly a petition of the adherents of Bachiler, as Hussey 
was his son-in-law. It will be noticed that the commissioners are the same 
j as previously appointed, except that Mr. Brads treet takes the place of Mr. 

Symonds. The first order was adopted the very day the Exeter settlement 
was prohibited. The latter was nearly a fortnight later. Very likely the 
appointment of Mr. Symonds was offensive to Mr. Bachiler. 

The same year, Nov. 12, 1644, "It is ordered by the Massachusetts 
General Court that Mr Samuell Dudley, Mr Carlton, <& Mr. John Saunders 
of Salsberry shalbe comission r s to here & examine all matters concerning 
Mr. Bachiler & Hampton: & they have power to examine witnesses upon 
oath, wherby they may returne the truth of the case to the next Gen r ail 
Co r t of Election."! 

Under date of July 15, 1644, Winthrop says, "The contentions in 
Hampton were grown to a great height, the whole town was divided into 
two factions, one with Mr. Batcheller. their late pastor, and the other with 
Mr. Dal ton, their teacher, both men very passionate, and wanting discre- 
tion and moderation. Their differences were not in matters of opinion, 
but of practise. Mr. Dalton's party being the most of the church, and so 
freemen, had great advantage of the other, though a considerable party, 
and some of them of the church also, whereby they carried all affairs both 
in church and town according to their own minds, and not with that respect 
to their brethren and neighbors which had been fit. Divers meetings had 
been both of magistrates and elders, and parties had been reconciled, but 
brake out presently again, each side being apt to take fire upon any provo- 
cation. Whereupon Mr. Batcheilor was advised to remove. * * * And at 
this court there came petition against petition both from Hampton and 
Exeter: whereupon the court ordered two or three magistrates to be sent 
to Hampton with full power to hear and determine ail differences there."|| 

May 14, 1635, "In answ r to Mr. Batchilers petition, ye Howse of Dep tJ 
conceave it not meete to allowe him anything, but leave hime at his 
liberty to seeke his remedy at any of ye Courts of Salem or Ipswich. § 
This was probably a petition to the General Court to make him some 
allowance for his services at Hampton. 

About this time, probably, his second wife, Hellen, died at Hampton, 
aged about sixty years. He sold his farm Hampton to William Howard 
and Thomas Ward in 1644, and they sold it to the town, who afterwards 
granted it to Rev. John Wheelwright. 



[To be continued.] 



• Mass. Colonv Records [-511. 

f Mass. Colonv Records, Vol. III. 367. 

t Mass. Colony Records [62]. 

jj Wimhrop's N. E. ii. •177. 

§ Mass. Colony Records, Vol. III. 



252 The Friends in Brentwood, i\T. H. [July, 



THE FRIENDS IN BRENTWOOD, N. H. 

Communicated by the Rev. Benjamin A. Dean, A.B., of Medford, Mass. 

The following extracts are from the Records of Friends Society 
in Amesbury, Mass. 

Almsbury 1751: 5: 18 Benjamin Scribner James Beane and Samuel 
Dudley requested liberty at this meeting to hold a meeting at Brentwood 
* * * the last first day of every month * * * which request was granted 
them so long as they behave themselves orderly &c. Also David Clifford 
desired the care of this meeting: which was granted. 

Hampton 1752: 6: 18 James Beane Samuel Dudley Benjamin Scribner 
and David Clifford desired that their meeting may be held at Brentwood 
on every first day of the week which was granted. 

Hampton 1752 : 8 : 20 It being reported that there are disorders amongst 
the people of Brentwood, this meeting appoints B. Hoag and Robert Rogers 
to visit said meeting and make inquiry into the affair and report to our next 
Monthly Meeting how they find things amongst them. 

1752: 9: 28. Almsbury The Report of those appointed to visit the 
people of Brentwood is that there is disorder amongst them: two speaking 
at a time in their meetings. * * This meeting appointed Obadiah Johnson 
John Peaslee and Abraham Dow to labor with those of the meeting at 
Brentwood that desired Friends care if possible to persuade them to comply 
with the good order practised amongst [Friends]; also that the Friends let 
them know the minutes that are made amongst Friends relating discipline. 

Hampton 1753: 2: 15: To James Beane Samuel Dudley Benjamin 
Scribner and David Clifford. You having desired the care of our Monthly 
Meeting * * * also requested, with said liberty, to hold a meeting at 
Brentwood which we allow was granted so long as vou behaved orderlv and 
according to the practices of Friends in general : now it publicly appearing 
to several of our Friends that your behavior is disorderly and the meetings 
you say are appointed for the worship of God * * * In several particulars 
as followeth viz : Firstly in several persons men and women speaking at 
one time in your meetings, which is to be condemned by all Christian 
people that pretend to worship God * * Secondly as to your saluting each 
other men and women old and young pretending it to be a kiss of charity, 
is not to be commended in the way and manner it is practised in your 
meetings : its to be feared will prove of inconsequence if you continue therein. 
Thirdly as to your holding meetings at unseasonable Friends' days or 
nights is contrary to the practice of Friends and not to be justified amongst 
us. And for the before mentioned practices with other disorderly behavior 
and speeches not becoming the profession of truth its expected you will give 
an auswer to any reasonable question that shall be asked any of you and 
that you will conform to the good order and discipline used amongst us as 
a people, and condemn all such behavior and speeches that you have been 
in the practice of in the time past that are contrary to the principles and 
practices of Friends in general. Now we desire your answer in writing to 































































. 
























1892.] The Friends in Brentwood, 2sT. H. 253 

the particulars before mentioned ; the which if you refuse or neglect, we 
judge ourselves obliged to publicly declare to the world that you are not 
of us. Signed by order and on behalf of our monthly meeting holden at 
Hampton the 15 th day of the 2 d month 1753 or at adjournment of said 
meeting on 21 st of said month by Philip Rowell, Clerk. 

Hampton 1753: 4: 19 Also received from Brentwood in writing an 
answer to them signed by Benjamin Scribner and David Clifford. James 
Bean and Samuel Dudley refused to sign it. Said writing was not to 
Friends satisfaction therefore not recorded here. 

Almsbury 1753:5:17 House of Jacob Rowell. Upon consideration 
of the practices of the people of Brentwood it is the mind of this meeting 
that whereas Friends give liberty to hold a meeting at Brentwood, that 
they hold a meeting there no more from this time in the unity of Friends 
until they condemn the disorders that has been in their meetings for worship 
at Brentwood. 

The Almsbury & Hampton meeting withdrew fellowship from James 
Beane 1753 : 6:21; from Samuel Dudley 9 : 20 ; from Benjamin Scribner 
David Clifford and Jonathan Glidden 1756: 10 : 21. 

The following paper is from the original MS. preserved in 
Brentwood, ]S T . H. : 

To the friends or people called Quakers belonging to Hampton. Dearly 
beloved wee having receaved your Letter Dated ye 15 th of ye 2 month 1753 
signed by order of the Monthly meeting in said hampton as sayeth Philip 
Rowel Clerk, wherein you. or therein you take notice of severall misde- 
meanors or disorders practised amongst ye friends-att-Brintwood ; and 
desired an answer to the said Letter in writing but wee take notice 
in your said Letter that you have not Fixt any sett time for our returning 
our said answer for which wee give you our thanks and take it as a 
feavour. for that we have had time for a more acute observation & 
mature Consideration as to the matters of fact alledged against us the 
Friends at Brintwood. and upon the serious consideration of the whole: 
dearly beloved wee think that the articles aledged against us as the sub- 
stance of them are groundles; for as to the first objection in your Letter of 
severall spaking at a time : in time of divine service or worship it is not 
common neither do wee approve of it; as to the seccond objection of salute- 
ing one another there is so many Instances of it in scripture that we are 
astonished that you should stumble at that ; But as to Itts being practised 
in time of worship wee deny ; and as to ye 3 objection of unseasonable 
meetings wee think that there is no time unseasonable for praying or 
Preaching Iff the Lord dispose us to itt by his spirit ; and as to the many 
more disorders you hint at it is impossible wee should answer to them, as 
you have been so unkind as not to mention particulars, and so dearly 
Beloved Brethren wee submit the matter to your serious consideration And 
if wee are weak treat us as babes as brethren and as friends; and let us not 
Bite and devour one another, but let us Bear one anothers burdens and so 
fullfil the Law of Christ, so no more but we Remain your Loving christian 
Brethren and Friends as wee think wee are in duty Bound Farewell. Dated 
at Brentwood ye 3 d day of ye 4 th month Called April 1753. 

Benjamin Scribner 
David Cliford 





















■' 



























254 



Original Boston Documents. 



[July, 



ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS RELATING TO BOSTON, MASS. 

[Communicated by John S. H. Fogg, M.D., of South Boston, Mass.] 
[Continued from page 122.] 

Thomas Jones Desires Liberty to Digg up part of the highway or street 
in Prince street in order to Lay a Dreain to his celler y l he is Digging 
there: ffor the Dowing of which provided he take the Method the Law 
Dericts he has the Approbation of 



Boston, Feby 11 th . 1714-15. 



Joseph Wadsworth ' 
Edw : Hutchinson 
John Ruck 
W m . Welsteed 



Select 

men 

ofs d 

Town 



Layd out for the town 

One galen of Oyl 
A Lamp 

A jarr .... 
Weeke yarn . . 
2 pound of Candle 



1 

00 
00 
00 
00 
00 



s 
2 
1 


02 



d 
8 
10 
09 
01 
00 



y e oyl below 



00 — - 
— 



07 — 
— 



04 
8 



£. 0. 8. 



By me, Exercise Conant 
Sens that one quart of oyl — 8 d . 



Town of Boston to Sam 1 : Kneeland 

1754 May 15 To Paper and printing 1500 Tickets for 

Mr Blake, Sealer of Weights and Measures, 
notifying the Inhabitants to bring in their , 
Weights and Measures to be sealed &c 
Dec. 30. To Paper and printing 1800 Tickets for 

a Town Meeting on the 3 d of January, re- 
lating to the Excise Act 

1755 Jany: 17. To Paper and printing 1800 Tickets for] 



Dr: 



£1.-0—0 



£1._4— 



-4—0 



May l rt 



a Town Meeting to Chuse a Representative . «, 
in the Room of the Hon. James Allen, \ 
Esq: deceased J 

To Paper and printing 1500 Tickets for] 

Mr Blake, Sealer of Weights and Measures, J „~ ~ ft 

notifying the Inhabitants to bring in their \ 
Weights and Measures to be sealed &c. J 



1755 
May 26 th 



Allow'd. 



£4—8—0 
Errors Excepted 

p. Sam 1 Kneeland. 



1892, 



Original Boston Documents. 



255 



Boston ss. 
Sr. 



October 1 th . 1714 
To Joseph Prout Gent. Treasurer for the Town of Boston. 



Pursuant to the Grants of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston regu- 
larly Assembled on the 8 th . day of March, Anno 1713-4 & Continued by 
Adjournment to the 17 th . day of the Same. And at another meeting the 
4 th . Day of June Anno. 1714. Wee the Assessors of Said Town have 
apportioned the Sums on the Inhabitants & Estates of Said Town, Accord- 
ing to the Directions in the Law viz: £2935 : 14 : 8 d for the necessary 
Charges of the Town, & £375 : — : — for the support of the Watch 
for this present year, & have committed the Lists thereof to the Constables 
of Said Town, & Together therewith a warrant to each of them, to Collect 
& pay the Same into the Town Treasury, One Moiety or half part on or 
before the Twentieth Day of November next ensuing the date hereof, & 
the other half part on or before the first day of April next following viz : 

Watch. 
To Constable Daniel Berry 

Nath 1 . Coney 

Solomon Blake 

James Pemberton 

Benj a . Bird 

John Lathrop 

Francis Waiuwrlght 356 

James Blair 

Edward Tuthill 

2935 : 14 : 8 
375 : : 



298 : 11 : 


2 


51 : 4 


— 


347 : 8 : 


5 


53 : 13 


— 


367 : 7 : 


"i 


51 : 6 


— 


337 : 3 : 


2 


42 : 19 


— 


523 : 6 : 


1* 


53 : 18 


— 


404 : 5 : 


n 


39 : 8 


— 


t 356 : 17 : 


5'i 


45 : 14 


. — 


225 : 18 : 


3 


36 : 18 




74 : 17 : 


375 : — 





Sam 11 Greenwood 
Giles ffifield 
Jonathan Loring 
Nath 1 Green 
David Farnum 
Will: Antram 



3310 : 14 

Assessors for the Town of 
Boston. 



Proposals for Less'ning the Town Charge. 

1. That the Selectmen and Overseers of the Poor Advice what may be 
done for the better Regulation of the Alm'shouse. 

2. That the Vote of the Town in May 13 tk 1713 be observed. Abt. 
forming an Act to prevent Forraign Poor 8 Obtruding oh this Town. 

3. That it be considered what Lands may be Sold for the Towns 
Advantage. 

4. That the Justices and Selectmen Visit the Poor ffamily's of the 
Town in its Several parts Once a quarter Annually. 

Propos'd for the better preventing desolation by Fire. 

1. That the Town Orders relating thereto be put in Execution. 

2. That some Suitable person or persons be appointed to inspect the 
Chimney's of the Town and to be allowed for the same. 

Jn°. Marion. 
July 26 th . 1714. 

VOL. XL VI. 21 



' 

















. 


















■'■ 






















































































256 



Parentage of Rev. Nicholas Street. 



[July, 






oq -53 ^ » 

03 S^n '-' o 
es o £?■© 3 

O OCQr-iH 






. 3 

II 



£ 8 



"CO 60 

c a 



i =o g <-. = "* -a 

II 2^ 

S3 o o <. £; P-i 



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CO o 

-si 

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k35 



. X! 2 > - 3 



JO oo 



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£ .S« g45 
2a. .u.2C 



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Hill 

• *5 £2 ?< 



t3 -TOO 



g W)>St3 






1 ^ .52 



*.2£a; 



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g aa 



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-17.3 co._3 



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3" 



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co.s: 






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ti2==zF 



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a a> 

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1.1 

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00 a o ^ 

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p. ^5 



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a. 

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3 



1892.] Parentage of Rev. Nicholas Street. 257 



PARENTAGE OF REV. NICHOLAS STREET, OF NEW 

HAVEN, CT. 

Communicated by Mr. J. Henry Lea, of Cedarhurst, Fairhaven, Mass. 

The writer being engaged, in the summer of 1890, in a genealo- 
gical quest in the County of Somerset, particularly Taunton and its 
neighborhood, made an extensive collection of Street items under 
the mistaken impression that that family was connected with one in 
which he was then interested, and his attention being called to the 
article in the Register (April, 1890, page 183), on Rev. Nicholas 
Street, it at once occurred to him to endeavor to solve the mystery 
in which his origin was enveloped. This he at the time believed he 
had done in finding the baptism of a Nicholas Street at Fitminster, 
near Taunton, 3 March, 1604, as this gave a very close approxima- 
tion to the required age of 18 at his matriculation at Oxford 21 
February, 1624-5. 

Subsequently however, the discovery, in the Bridgwater Registers, 
of the baptism of Nicholas, 29 January, 1603, caused him to sus- 
pect that his former conclusion had been erroneous, and an examina- 
tion of the Street Wills in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury at 
once and conclusively settled the question, proving beyond a doubt 
the identity of Nicholas of Taunton, the emigrant to America, and 
Nicholas, the son of Nicholas, Jun., of Bridgwater. 

The accompanying pedigree is of course somewhat conjectural, 
the examination of the Bridgwater Reciters having been cut short 
for lack of time to properly complete them, thus failing to give us 
the burial of Susanna (Gilberd), the first wife of Nicholas, a fact 
which is needed to complete the identification ; while to verify the 
theory here advanced of Nicholas Street, Sen., being identical with 
Nicholas, the son of Richard of Stogumber (suggested by the will 
of the said Nicholas, Sen., in which an interest in that place is be- 
queathed to his younger son Thomas), can only be accomplished by 
an exhaustive examination of the parish registers of Bridgwater, 
Stogumber and Bicknoller, which the family will no doubt at once 
undertake now that the path to be followed has been made clear. 
The last two parishes lie about twelve miles west of Bridgwater and 
about fourteen north-west of Taunton, and within a couple of miles 
of one another. Their registers date from 1559 and 1558 respec- 
tively. Bawdripp, also referred to in the same will, is quite near 
Bridgwater on the north-east, but its register has unfortunately 
perished before 1748. 

Overstowey, the register of which is given herewith, is only about 
four miles from Stogumber and Bicknoller, but the Quantox Hills 



258 Parentage of Rev. Nicholas Street. [July, 

lie between and the names found there show no connection with the 
latter. 

The Street Wills in the Consistory Court at Wells should also be 
thoroughly examined, as the Arch-deacon's Court at Taunton was 
inhibited during the Primary or Triennial Visitation of the Bishop, 
when all wills subject to this jurisdiction would have been proved at 
Wells, while those of the greater part of the County were always so. 

The writer's collection of Street notes is quite large, but only 
those connected with Somerset are here given as being possibly, 
although not all certainly, connected with the emigrant's family. 
It will be observed that a very perfect pedigree can be constructed 
of the Pitminster line which is no doubt comigerous, as the family 
names are largely identical, but the point of connection, if any, is 
lost in the twilight of the early 16th century. Probably all the 
families of the name in Somerset and the adjoining counties took 
their cognomen from Street near Glastonbury, which is only about 
twelve miles east of Bridgwater. 

It is with great satisfaction that the w r riter adds one more to the 
many early emigrants whom he has been able to identify in their 
Old World Homes. To Mr. J. H. Treat of Lawrence his thanks 
are due for kind permission to use these notes, collected while en- 
gaged in the successful search for that gentleman's ancestry, and to 
the many friends in England who have made his labors there a 
pleasure he can never weary of expressing his cordial appreciation 
of their kindness. 

Pitminster Registers. 

Baptisms. Begin 15 44 ; Searched to 1645. 

1547. — -Alice streete was Baptized the second day of nouember. 
1551. — Joan streete was Baptized the viij th day ffebruarye 
1554. — Geratt street the son of georg street wa3 Bapt the iiij of november 
1577. — James street son of gearatt street was Bapt the ixth day of ffeb. 
1579. — William street son of geratt streete was Bapt the xvth Day of ffeb 
1582. — Richard street son of Gearatt streett was Bapt the ixth day of may 
1584. — Robart streett son of geratt streett was Bapt the vijth Day of no- 
vember. 
1586. — Joan street Daughter of geratt streette was Bapt the xxiiijth of 

ffebruarie. 
1589. — mary streett Daughter of geratt street was Bapt the xxviijth Day 

of September. 
1597. — Robart Streat son of willm Streat Was Bapt the third Day of Aprill 
1599. — Leonardo Street sonne of william Streete was bapt the xvijth of Jun 
1602. — william Streat sonne of Wm : Strate was bapt the xjth of Aprill 
1604. — nicolas Streat Sonne of willm Streat was Bapt the Third of marche. 
1605. — Richard Streat Sonne of Geratt Streatt was Bapt the xjth of August 
1608. — John Streat son of willm Streat was bapt the first day of may. 
1613. — George Streat sone of William Streat was bapt the xxjth day of 
november. 



1892.] Parentage of Rev. Nicholas Street. 259 

1636. — Thomas Streat sonne of Richard Streat & Elizabeth his wife was 

bapt the loth, of Jauuarie. 
1642. — Joan Streatt daughter of George Streatt & Susanna his wife was 

bapt the 9th. of October. 

Marriages. Begin 1542. 

1577.— Geratt streatt was maryed to Elizabeth spiring the xxviijth of no- 

vember. 
1603. — Jerard Streate was maried to margaret Bayly the viijth. of August. 
1628. — Richard street and Elizabeth Scading Weare Married the xiiijth 

day of October. 
1636. — Robart Shiles of Buckland St. Mary was maried to Edith Streat 

of ye same the third of October. 
1640. — Richard Streatt was Married to Elizabeth Bowering of Angers 

Lei^h, widowe, the 16th. of Januarie. 

Burials. Begin 1542. 
1550. — Joane street was Buried the xvth Day of ffebruarie. 
1574. — william streett son of Georg strett was Bur the xxvth day of Aprill 
1589. — Elizabeth streat wiffe of Geratt streatt was bur the second Day of 

December. 
— Joan streatt wiffe of Georg streatt was bur the iijth Day of ffeb. 
1592. — Georg streat was Bur the xxvijth Day of Aprill 
1594. — Richard streatt son of geritt streatt was bur the xxvijth Day of 

August. 
1597. — Robart streatt son of william streatt was bur the last day of Junij 
1605.- — Gerard Streatt was Bur the xviijth Day of marche. 
1636. — William Streat was bur ye xixth. of February. 
1639. — Elizabeth Streatt the wife of Richard Streatt was bur the 16th. of 

June. 
1643. — Ellinor Streatt, widow, was bur the 27th. of June. 
1656. — Elizabeth Streatt Daughter of George Streatt was bur the 24th. of 

October. 
Burials were searched to 1661. 

Otterford Registers. 1558 to 1655. 

1576. — Jan. 24 — Nicholas Streate & Christian Halfeyard weare maryed- 
1605. — Sept. 2 — John Streat & Christable Staple were married. 

St. Mary Magdalen — Taunton. 1558 to 1640. 
Baptisms. 
1569. — Julie — Johane Streate 16 daie. 
1573.— Aprill— John Streete 27 " 
1578. — march — marie Street 22 " 
1581— March— Thomas Streete 28 " 
— Jan. — margarett " 30 " 

Weddings. 
1560. — June — Thomas Streate — Alse wither 10 daie. 
1609.— ffeb.— Allen Powell and Mary street 26 " 

Buriynges. 
1560. — aug. — Alice Streete 19 daie 
1615. — Dec. — Joane wiffe of nichollas streett 15 daie 

VOL. XL VI. 21* 






260 Parentage of Rev. Nicholas Street. [July, 

Bridgwater Registers. 1558 to 1646. 
Christenings. 
1567. — May the 16 — Jone Strete. 
1570. — July the 30 — Susan Streete 
1583. — June the 22 — Jane " 
1603.— Jan. 29— Nicholas Street 

1607. — May 1 — Edward the sonne of Nicholas Strete & Marie his wife. 
1614. — June 10 — Maria Strete filia Nicholai et Marias Strete 
1615. — Dec. 17 — kathran Stret the Daughter of John & Joane. 
1616. — Juni 23 — Phillipus Strete filius Nicholai et Marie ux. 
1619. — Febr: 25 — Tho: Strete fil : Jo: et Joane vx. 
1625. — Septem: 13 — Joannes Streete filius Joannes et Joannae. 

Marriages. 
1602. — Jan the 16 — Nicholas Streete — Susanna Gilberd. 

« « 17— John Gilberd— Mary Street. 
1613. — Nouemb: 18 — John Streete & Jone Blake. 

Burials {searched to 1589 only). 
1577. — Oct. 18 — Anne Streete 
1585. — Aug. 29 — Jane Streete 

Over Stowey Registers. 1558 to 1653. 

1570. — 23 day of aprill was baptized kathern street the daughter of Hugh 

streete. 
1572. — 23 daye of December was bapt Jone street and that day was she 

bur. 
1574. — 23 daye of december was bapt Richard stret . . . ne of Hugh streat 
1580. — 29 of June was bapt Richard streat the sonne of Thomas streat 
1594. — 8 day of November were maryed John Lyde and katherine streat 

daughter of Hugh streat. 
1597. — 9 of march was bur Joan Streat the wiffe of Hugh Streate. 
1598. — 13 of October were marryed Heugh Strete and Jone Davye, wyd- 

dow, of Quantoxhed. 
1599. — 12 daye of September was bapt wyllm strete The sonne of 

Rychard Strete— An Dni 1599. 
1600. — 28 daye of november was bapt Rychard Strete the sone of Rychard 

strete— 1600. 
1603. — Diana the daughter of Rychard Street was bapt the third of ffebruar 
1604. — william the sonne of Rychard Street was buryed the xiijth day of 

Aprill. 
1610. — Willm: Streat the sonne of Richard Sstreeat (sic) was baptized the 

xxvijth. of January. 
1618. — Hughe Streate was buried the xxvijth. of May. 
1633. — Richard sone of Richard Streete was Baptiz : the 15 daye of Jan. 
1634. — John Adas & Diana Streete were maryed the 14th. daye of August. 
— Johane daughter of Rychard Strete was Baptiz : the same daye (15 
. Feb) 
1637. — Steeven son of Richard Streete & Johan his wife was Bapt ye 7 

daye of Januarie. 
1638. — Maude streete wife of Rycharde streete was bur ye 4 day of 

Deceber 



1892.] Parentage ofBzv. Nicholas Street. 261 

1639. — Steeve sonne of Richard streete & Johane his wife was Buryed the 

28 daye of Novrb : 
1641. — Anna the Daughter of Richard Street was bapt the 27 of December. 
1641. — Maud the Daughter of Richard Streate & Joane his wife was bapt 

the xvjth eiusd. {June) 
1647. — Richard the sonne of Richard Streate & Joane his wife was baptized 

the xiijth. day of June. 
1649. — Richard the sonne of Richard Streate was buried the 8tn of June 
1651. — Richard stret was buried the vj of february. 

Wilton Registers. 1558 to 1650. 

1611. — 4 Jan. Robert Streat & Johane Bult married. 
1614. — 4 July. Thomas Stone & Grace Street " 
1615. — 20 July. Johanna dau. of Robert Streat bapt. 
1616.— 11 Sjpt. Frances " " " 

1626.— 10 Dec. Elenor " " " 

1627.-18 June. " " " buried. 

1640. — Thomas Clogg & Frances Streete married 17 Feb. 
The above from Spencer's Wilton Regs., pub. 1890. 

Calendar of the Court Rolls of Taunton Deane Manor. 

1450 to 1666. 

The following brief extracts, by no means exhaustive, were the fruit of a few f3ays 
hurried examination of a vast mass of ancient documents, the proper investigation of which 
would have demanded months, if not years, of study. The Manor of Tauuton Deane is one 
of the oldest in England, dating from the time of Kir.g Alfred, but previous to the reign of 
Edward VI. only a few fragmentary roils exist; after that period the existing Register 
Books are nearly complete but in a sad state of disorder and decay. The writer's most 
cordial thanks are due to Mr. Mayler, the present steward of the Manor, for permission to 
freely examine these important records, and aiso to Mr. Bidgood, the librarian of Taunton 
Castle, in whose charge they are, and to Mr. A. J. Monday of Taunton, for facilities shown 
and assistance rendered in the task. I; will be observed that the Calendars and the ex- 
tracts from the F.egisters do not always agree. 



1480.— Hol way 


Waif Strete 


1573.— Oterford 


Jo&es Strete 


1579.— Poundsford 


Jerardus Streete 


1580.— 


George Streate 


1582.— " 


Marmadus Streate 


1584.— 


Marmaducus Streate 


1593.— Staplegrove 


Nichus Strete gen. 


« 


" " lie. 


1594.— Poundisford 


Jerard Strete 


1598.— 


wiltus Strete 


u 


Jerard " 


— Staplegrove 


Nichus " lie. 


1604.— Hull 


" Jur. gen. et Susanna ux. 


— Poundisford 


witlus Strete J>. inr. 


1605.— « 


" (2) 


1606.— Hull 


Nichus Stret Jnr. gen. 


— Poundisford 


Ricus Strete (2) 


___ it 


Margareta relic Jerard Strete g. Jrn. 


u 


Rofetus Strete p. lie. 


1609— 


Witlus Streete 


1611.— « 


willus " 


' a 


" " Clic. ex. 



262 Parentage of Rev. Nicholas Street. [July, 

— Staplegrove Maria relict Richi Streete 

1612. — Poundisford wittus Streat p. lie. excamb. 

— Staplegrove Nichus Streate gen. 

1613. — Poundisford Wittus Streat p. lie. excam. 

1617. — Staplegrove Nichus Streete gen. 

1618. — " Maria " vid. 

1619. — Poundisford william Streete p. lie. dimitt. 

1627. — " wittus streete p. lie. 

1629. — Holway Nichus Streete 

— Poundisford Rich us " p. Corr. 

1638. — " Georgius Street 

1663. — " wittus Streete ii 

Canon Street Calendar. 1563 to 1667. 

The Manor of Canon Street represents a small manor that, at a comparatively recent 
date, i.e. in the time of Elizabeth, was cut off from the original manor. It lies close to, 
and in fact now partially in, the city of Taunton. 

1612.— Eofitus Streete 
1616. — Marraria Streete vid. 

— Rotkus " 

1647. — Georgius Streete p. lisc. 

Extracts from the Court Rolls of Taunton Deane. 

1568. — John Strete holds one cottage with curtilage & o acres of overland 
with a flour mill which lately was a fuller's mill, in the tything of 
Otterford, by surrender of Thomas Seliwood for £20, paid 1 
Feb. 1568. 

1515. — George Strete holds one house & half a virgate of bond land late of 
Thomas Rooke in tything of Blackdon & Hundred of Poundis- 
ford, by surrender of John Rooke. 

1578. — Jerard Strete holds a garden containing in Southern part a cottage, 
of George Strete in the Tything of Blackdon & one room over 
the hall in same (et 1 Cam* sup Aulam ibm) by surrender of 
the said George to him & his heirs, viz a cottage with curtilage 
formerly of Richard Bulbe, to be held on condition that Johana 
his mother, wife of said George, shall hold the said premises 
during her life if she survive the said George. 

1581. — Marmaduke Stret hold3 one acre of overland called oxenfelde in 
the Tything of blackdon by surrender of Hugh Maraore. 

1583.— John Strete surrenders lands called ffoxenhole in tything of Otter- 
ford to use of Susan Seliwood to hold all cottage & mill of said 
John on condition that Johanna, the wife of said John, shall hold 
the same for her life if she survive him. Dat. 18 Jan A Rne 
Eliz. 24. 

1596. — George Streett surrenders in the Lord's hands one house & half a 
virgate of land late of John Rooke in the Tything of Blackdon 
to the use of William Street, his heirs &c, dat. xvj Oct. 1596. 

1602.-— William Strete, by consent of the Seueschall, surrenders in the 
Lord's hands one furlong of bond land & a house & half a virgate 
of land in Tything of blackdon &e, called Beryhayes & other Ids 
called momsmede, to use of Edward Clarke his heirs & assigns. 
Dat 2 Sept. xliiij Eliz. 



I 1892.] Parentage of .Rev, JS r icnolas Street. 263 

1602. — William Strete holds by Inrollment (p. Jrrolulare) of which the 
said William grants & confirms to Ellienor his wife one house 
and one furlong of land in Tything of Blakedon for life of the 
said Elinor if she survive the said William. Dat 22 Feb xliiij 
Eliz. 
1, 1605. — Jerard Streett surrenders in hands of the Lord one Cottage &c in 

i tything of Blackdon, late of George Stret, to the use of his son 

Richard Streett & his heirs on the condition that Margaret, wife 
of the said Jerard Street, should hold said premises during her 
widowhood, except one room over the hall in said cottage, which 
is for use of Robert Streett, son of said Jerard, until said son 
Richard is 21 years of age. 
1609. — Marv, widow of Nicholas Strete, <rent., holds one cottage & garden 
& 3 acres 3 rods of overland called Batttstand, 3 acres called 
I angford Hedge, 2 acres overland near (apud) Greneway Buttes, 
one acre overland called Whitestone, all in tything of Staple- 
grove, late of Edmund Hodie, gent., which fell into the hands of 
the Lord by death of said Nicholas Strete. 

Wills from: Probate Court of Archdeacon of Taunton. 

1583. — Johane Streate of Staplefitzpane, co Somst., Widoe, sicke in body 
Dat vj June 1583; Bur at Staple; bequests to Cath. of Wells & 
psh churches of Staple & Thurlbare; names sonne George Streat 
& his wife; sonnes John & Thomas Streat; sonne marmaduke 
& his dau Philepe; xpofer hawkins & his wief ; John Pratt & : 
Mary his wief; dau Elizabeth Rooke; either of my Chikles Chil- 
dren; Johane Borlige; John welandes' dau that is in my house 
Thorns: Streate of Brothel hill; Wm. Hake; Simon Homewell 
either of my daus. ; Elizabeth Streate, dau of my sonne Thorns. 
Streate, that is in the house with me; Jone Weland; Elizabeth 
wief of Thorns. Streate; olde Richard Streate; Thorns., sonne of 
my sonn George Streate Res Leg& Exr. ; Wic. Mathew Mullens, 
John Harris, Tristram Hindler, Curate; Pro iij Aug. 1583; Inv. • 
lxxxxvj li. xix s. viij d. ; Keg. fo 143. 

1583. — Thomas Streat of Elworthy, co Somst., Husbandman, sicke of 
body; Dat. vj March 1583; Buried in Elworthy; Godson 
Thomas Ven; James & John Hill, sonnes of Thomas Hille of 
wivilscomb; John To Will; neighbor willyam knighte; Edward 
sonne of Roger Collard ; Mary Hill dau. of Thomas Hill ; ser- 
vant Jhane; wief katheren Res Leg & Extrix; Overseers 
Thomas Hill & William Knight; Wit. Robt. Browne, gson, 
Wm. Knight; Pro. x Apr. 158i; Inv. xxxvj li. vj s. viij d. 

Reg. fo. 151. 

1586. — Johane Streattof Exford in Dioc. of Bath & Wells, sicke in bodie; 
Dat xiiij Oct. 1586; kinswoman Johan Pearse; Roger Aishe; 
Nicholas Geens; Johan Luckewell; Johan Luckes, my dau.-in- 
law, & her sonne John; sonne-in-lawe Henry Luckes; dau. 
Johan; dau. -in-law Elizabeth Streate; sonne-in-law Thomas 
Streate Res Leg & Exr.; Overseers friends in xpt Richard Hill 
& George Pearse ; Wit. John midlake, Clarke, & Geo. Pearse; 
Pro. 1586 (no date.) Reg. fo. 299. 

1592.— Richard Strete of Stoguraber, clothier; Dat x Sept. 1591; sonne 
michaell the younger & his dau Elizabeth ; George sonne of my 



264 Parentage of llev. Nicholas Street. [J u ^7> 

Sonne Robert; the children of Philippe Stret; sonne Thomas; 
children of Thomas & Robert; sonnes John & Nicholas; Codicil 
dat. 28 Mar. 1592; if sonne Michaell sue or trouble mine Kxrs 
his legacy to be void; Pro. xxx Sept 1592. 

Reg. fo. {page torn) 

1597. — Michael Street of Stokegumber. Inventory File 8 

{So in Calendar, but papers lost from Jihs.) 

1605. — Thomas Streete of Staple. Inventory File 4 

{Lost, as preceeding.) 

1605.-— Thomas Street of Elworthy. Inventory £300 File 4 

{Lost, as preceding.) 

1608. — Elmore Streete of Cannington. Will. File no 84 

{Lost, as preceding.) 

1611. — Marmaduke Strete of Buckland St Marys ; {Date gone and will much 

decayed) ; youngest sonne Joseph Strete ; wief Joan to 

rec. of one Nicholas Biilin for her life rents of Mill &c, re- 
mainder to yr. son. Joseph strete for his life (yf one John Strete 
sonn of George, strete so longe shall happen to lyve) ; wief lease 
of Broadciose & tenmts called Millmore bargain; dau. Elizabeth 
xx li. at marr. & a year after x li ; dau Susanne x li a yere for 3 
yrs ; dau Marie the same; sonne Joseph to be kept at scole till 
xvj; goddaus Joane Wyatt, Jone Hare & Elynor drake xij d 
each; wif Joan streete Res Leg & Extrx; Overseers Thomas 
Drake & Hwighe kewar; Wit. Thos Drake, Hwighe kewoer ; 
John Bowker; Pro. 2 Aug. 1611. Filed. 

1613.— John Streete of Staplefitzpaine. Will. File no 43 

{So in Calendar, but will lost from jiles.) 

1618. — Hugo Streate of Overstowey. Will. File no 42 

{Lost, as preceding.) 

1620. — Joane Streate of Overstowey, widow; Nuncupative will; Dat 3 
ffeb 1620; Richard Streat sen: vj s.; Richard Streat Jun : iij s.; 
John washer iiij s. ; Joan washer dau. of afsd John washer pewter 
Saussor; dau. Alee Hodges Res Leg; Wit. John Sellacke, Eliz. 
Raynold & Honor Olliuer; Admon. with will annext. 9 ffeb 
1620 to dau Alice Hodges; Inv. xxij li x s. Filed 

1625.— Margarete Streete of Chedzoy. Will File no. 162 

{So in Calendar, but will lost from files.) 

1632. — Nicholas Street of Staplefitzpaine, co. Somst., yeoman ; weake of 
bodie; Dat 13 Apr. 1632; poor of Staplefitzpaine 1 s. ; euery 
grchild 6 d. ; sonne George Streete a chayre, brasen Cauldron 
& a paire of Virginalls; dau Christable Street a bedstead &c. & 
to sd son & dau sundry articles now in custody of Henery God- 
dard the younger ; dau rfrancis a brass crocke ; daus Alice & 
Joane each a pewter platter; grchild Abraham Street, son of my 
sonne Abraham, Res Leg & Exr. ; Overseers John Addams 
of Spexton, co Somst., fuller otherwise Tucker, & Edmund 
Canicott of Staplefitzpaine, husbandman ; Wit. Robert Godwine, 
gson, Edmund Canycott his mark, Henry Goddard Junior. ; No 
date of probate. Filed. 

1635. — Michael Streat of Eastquantoxhead. Will. File no 64 

{So in Calendar, but will lost from files.) 

1638. — Elizabeth Scadding of Angersleigh, widow, aged & weake; Dat 20 
July 1638; sonne John Scadding; dau Mary Scadding; dau 



1892.] Parentage of Rev. Nichola. Street. 265 

Elenour Raphee; dau Elizabeth; sonne-in-law John Raphee's 2 
children Elizabeth & Mary; John Combe, Agnes his wife & 
Anne Snooks; goddaus Elizabeth Street, Elizabeth Norton & 
Anne Pastor; dau Elizabeth Res Leg & Extrx; Wit. Willm 
Foxcroft, John Raphee & Agnes Combe; Pro xiiij Sept 1638 
by Ex. File no 97 

1638. — Joan Bowber of Buckland St. Marys, co Somst., widow; (Date 

gone and will much decayed) To be bur my dear husb 

. . .; sonne Robert's 3 children . . . ; poor of Buckland St. 
Mary's . . ; John Streete the yong . . £10 & 2 Oxeu, ye Cub- 
board in kytchen & brazen Crock w tb a peece in ye side ; william 
Bowber £10 & doust, bed with ye furniture theare vnto & ye 
little Chest at beds foote in parlour; servant Mary Stronge 
feather bed &c & brazen crock called Perram ; Frauuces Bow- 
ber my sonne his dau. £10, a chest, 2 stooles & a Coffer; Mary 
Broadbeene & her bro. Robert Rynge each 40s.; Dorothy Rynge 
40 s.; Grace Gullack £6; John Streete ye elder 20s.; Agnes 
Streete 40s.; Robert Streete, Peter Streete & Luce Streete each 
30s.; Edeth (qu. if not Streete also ?) 40s.; servant Hugh Wil- 
liams xs. ; sonne Robert Bowber Res Leg & Exr. ; Overseers 
John Gollopp & Alex. Robins & each xij d.; Signs by mark; 
"Wit. sign of John Gollupp, Alex Robins, the marke of John 
Streete ; Probate Act lost. Filed. 

Wills of Somerset Streets from the Prerogative Court of 
Canterbury. 1500 to 1630. 

1508.— John Strete, Clerk, Vicar of Charde; Dated 10 Sept. 1508; To be 
buried in church of blessed Mary at Charde; Cathedral of Wells 
iij s. iiij d. ; St. Mary of Charde x li. for a yerely obiit to remain 
in hands of Robert Pittis ais Chepman ; said Robt Pettis xl 8.; 
Thomas Splent & John Cole each xx s. ; John may x s. ; william 
Pympell, clerk, "my yerdes de musterdeviles "; Thomas Elyar 
a black gown ; Thomas Gybbis, my servant, xl s., all my clothing, 
" vna patellam ac twl lectum in quo dictus Thomas noctant caret 
cum omibs ad eiusdm lectum P?nen," also a celar & a tester 
"paynted vltra lectum meu p pan pendent"; John Taylor xxs. ; 
blessed St. Katherine mea optima patellam ; Richard Yong a 
violet gown: William Selwode Sen. vnm togam racen noctant 
sup lectum meu; Thomas Coly vrcm (?) ; Agnes bainlo & peller- 
ton each xx s. ; every godchild vj s. viij d. ; John Taylor, clerk, 
vicar of Jlmyster a crplium de argento cum cooptone in parte 
deaurate; John Hayden of Axminster vj s. viij d. ; John May a 
long violet gown ; Sir Amisco Powlet, knt., Res. Lpg. & Execu- 
tor; Witnesses John ffichet, clerk, Willo Pympell, clerk, John 
may with oth. ; Pro. 3 Nov. 1508 by Thos Ostach, Atty for 
Amisio Powlet, knt, Exr named in will. Bennett 7 

1528. — Thomas Strete of parish of Mells* in Diocese of Bath & Wells, 
Clothyer; Dated vj marche 152- (blank) ; Buried in Church of 
Mells; Wells Cathedral iij s. iiij d.; Church of Mells a pair of 
vestments of blak velwet with white corses rysing owt of the 
grave, with a Chalys, & an honest prest to praj a yere for my 

* Mells is sear Frome in the eastern part of the county. 



266 Parentage of Rev. Nicholas Street. [July, 

soule & all xpen sowles; Charterhouse of Wythm x s. ; Church 
of Westerley vj s. viij d. ; sonne John the borde in the parlour 
w* fformys & Trestells, the borde in the Hall with same, all the 
basons & Ewers standing upon the Chymney in the Hall, with 
the barrys of Jron, Pothokes & hangings, a grate Panne in the 
Chymney, the woode vaat w* the ffurnys with two great stonys 
standing in the wall & ii great Awndyrens, my white standing 
Cup w' a Couer, my great rnaser, a great Coffer oner the Hall Oc 
my best gowne & Couerlett after the widowhood of my wife, & 
my old Reek*; sonnes John & Robert best doseyn of Spouys; 
sonne Robert my ferther ende of my wodewyne & sonne John 
the next parte of wodwyne enioynyng vnto Robert; sonne Robert 
gilt Cup with a Couer, xx li sterling, ij newe croks, fetherbed & 
almaner of stuffe belongeth therto, my second gowne & Chamlet 
Doblet & my new Reek; daughter Christian my Nutte w fc a 
Couer & vj Sponys w l flatteends; sonnes Thorns & Edward 
thirty pounds sterling, " that parte that dyeth within mariabull 
age shall remayn to hym lyving, yf both departe remainder to a 
prest to pray for soules of their father & Mother & all their 
children in Mells Church"; William Strete a Trinckerf cloth; 
William ffisher vj s. viij d. ; Sir Wm. Edmonds x s. ; John Hard- 
wyck, clerk, xij d. ; Agnes Strete " my red paire of beds wch 
was a mest Christian beds " ; sonne John & wief Margaret Res 
Legs & Exrs; Wit. sir Stevyn Edmunds, Curat, John Pery, 
Henry Plesande, Willim Hooper; Pro. 3 Apr. 1528 bv Rich, 
ffelde, Atty for Exrs. Porch 29 

1538.— Robert Strete of Mells in Diocese of Bathe & Wells; Dated 1536; 
Buried in Mells Church; To euery awter there xij d. ; the bells 
& high Crosse light each same; bros Edward & John each a 
Trncher cloth : euery godchild iiij d. ; euery oon of my brothers 
children xij d. ; Churchs of Lye, Whatley, Hemyngton & Buck- 
lond, each xij d. ; building of Elms Church howse+ xij d. ; servants 
xij d. apeece; Rose xij d. ; John Prygg a Hewling Hose Cloth; 
Alexander Pery fryse Cote: John Lane a Hewling Hose cloth; 
wife of John Strete xx d. ; my goostly father xij d. ; Thomas 
Evans iiij d. ; sonne Thorns xx li ; wief Edithe Res Leg & 
Extrx; mother a gowne of vj s. viij d. a yard; Richard Stapull 
& Stevyn Cobell each a Russet Hose cloth; mother Church of 
Wells viij d. ; Wit. John Stret, John Prigg, Alisaunder Pery, 
John Lane, Richard Stapnull; Pro. 18 May 1538 by Extrx. 

Dingeley 16 

1610. — Nicholas Streete thelder, gent., (no locality given in will, but entered 
in Pro. Act Book as " late of Bridgwater, in co. Somst " ;) Dated 

5 Nov. 1606 ; sonne Nicholas sole legatee & Exr, but wyfe Marie 
to haue use & occupation of the moytie of all goods &c for life 
in common with said sonne, but no power to sell, & sonne 
Thomas £5 yearlie until! Coppie holde att Stogumber, Bicknaller 

6 Bawdripp which are bought vnto him shall one of them fall to 
him in possession, so he leive from & doe not moleste or trouble 

• Hay Rick. 

t Trencher cloth, see following will. 

X See Weaver's Wells Wills, fo. 52, for full description of old Church Houses and their 

uses. 



1892.] Notes and Queries. 267 

his mother and said Nicholas his brother, yf he doe this Legacie 
to be voyde; Wit. Edmund Hodie, Nicho : Bartlett & Alexander 
Lantrowe; "I haue with my owne hande chaunged the some of 
Tenne into fiue pounds for his abuse donne sithenee the first 
writing of my saide will & I doe affirm this to be my will as so 
altered yt now standeth " {Signed N. Streete) ; Pro. 3 May 
1610 by Exr. named in will. WingfieM 45 

1617. — Nicholas Streate of Bridgwater, gent.: Dated 1 Nov. 1616; To 
eldest sonn^ Nicholas antient estate in Ro.wbarton near Taunton 
& lease of Huntspill ; second sonne Edward part of manor of 
Ash Priors, Somst., third sonne John is already provided for; 
fourth sonne Matthew ; other sonnes William, Francis* & Phillip 
£100 each; wife Mary Extrx; friend Mr. George Hooper of 
Dunster, Overseer; Pro. 13 Feb. 1616-7, by Extrx. 

Weldon 10 

1617. — Edward Streate & Philiipp Streate, intestate. The 13 Feb. 
1616-7 Commission issued to Mary Streate, mother of Edward 
& Philiipp Streate, late of Bridgwater, co Somst., but deceased 
intestate, to administer &c. Adm. Act Book, fo. 105. 

1625. — Mary Street of Bridgwater, co. Somst, widdowe, of good health; 
Dated 16 July 1625, 1 Chas. ; My Executor, with goods of my 
late husband Nicholas Street deceased, to pay debts & perform 
legacies in said husband's will & residue to Edward Popham of 
Huntworth, co Somst., Esq & William Douthwaite of Bridgwater 
afsd, gent, in trust to use of my children & they Executors; If 
Alexander Thomas bee not payd 100 & odd pounds wch I owe 
him by enioying the house in Bridgwater which I haue made to 
him for security, then Exrs to sell lease of Ashpriers or any 
other leases toward payment of that debt; Wit. Henry Good, 
Godfrey Cade, Marten Saunders. John Elton & Samrn: Stonard; 
Pro. 6 Feb. 1625 by Wm. Douthwaite, one of Exrs., power re- 
served for Edward Popham, the other Executor. Hele 20 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 
Notes. 



Long Judicial Terms. — William W. Wight, A.M., of Milwaukee, Wis., has 
written an article on this subject. It was printed in the Milwaukee Sentinel, Dec. 
31, 1891, the day when the Hon. Orsamus Cole, chief justice of the Supreme Court 
of Wisconsin, retired from the bench after an uninterrupted service of over 
thirty-six years, during eleven years of which he was chief justice. Mr. Wight 
gives a sketch of the life of chief justice Cole. He appends a table showing, 
as he thinks, " the names of all the judges in all of the highest courts of all the 
States and in the Supreme Court of the United States, whose terms of con- 
tinuous service upon the same bench have equalled or exceeded thir r y years." 
This valuable table is reprinted on the following page. 

• Perhaps the Francis Street of Taunton, Mass., circ. 1640, with wife Alice or Elizabeth 
erd daughter Marv; who died 166-5, inventory 3 June of that year, and whose widow 
Elizabeth married 10 Dec. 1665, to Thomas Lincoln.— Savage, IV. 222. 
VOL. XL VI. 22 















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1892.] Notes and Queries. 269 

A Revolutionary Letter of Col. Samuel Denny. (Communicated by John 
C. Crane, Esq., of Millbury, Mass.). — The original of the following letter is in 
my possession. 

The Widow Stearns referred to, at that time kept the King's Arms Tavern, the 
spot being now covered by the Lincoln House. 

She was the daughter of Judge Jeuinson, and married Thomas Stearns, once 
of Watertown. He was quite prominent in town affairs at Worcester, as 
appears on the records. The old King's Arms is said to have often been a 
meeting place for the tories, and we are told that the protest of the Worcester 
followers of Col. Thomas Gilbert, the Loyalist, was here signed. 

" Leicester May 2, 1778. 

Maj. Baldwin. — I herewith send you the resolve of the General Court, respect- 
ing filling up the Continental army. You will comply with said resolve so far 
as it respects your town, without the least loss of time. 

You are directed to cause the South Company in Spencer, to be mustered, and 
enlist or draft their proportion of the number set against the town of Spencer, 
agreeable to sa : d resolution. You will call on the Selectmen and Committee 
to assist if need. You are likewise desired to meet me at Worcester, on 
Wednesday next, at 12 o'clock, at the Widow Stearns, agreeable to the Brigadier's 
orders. I am Sir, your rery humble Servant, 

Samuel Denny, Col." 



Peaslee. — Rev. Daniel Lancaster's History of Gilmanton, N. H., page 282, says 
that Col. Nathaniel Peaslee, son of Dr. Joseph Peaslee of Haverhill, Mass., was 
father of Amos Peaslee who settled in Dover, N. H. This is an error. Amos 
Peaslee of Dover, N. H., was son of Robert of Haverhill, and nephew of Col. 
Nathaniel. Col. Nathaniel had a son, Amos, but he was not our Dover citizen. 
Amos 4 Peaslee (Robert, 3 Joseph, 2 Joseph 1 ), b. 8 Oct. 1708; m. (1) Elizabeth 
Sargent of Haverhill, Mass., and the births of seven of his children are on the 
Haverhill records. He then removed to Dover, N. H., and m. (2) Elizabeth the 
widow of Nicholas Austin of Dover, on July 9, 1760. He d. June 28, 1787, and 
his son Nicholas succeeded him as the owner of the homestead. 

Dover, N. R. John R. Eam, M.D. 



Queries. 

The Alden Family.— John Alden, the Pilgrim, was born in England in 1599, 
and died at Duxbury, 12th September, 1687. He married before June, 1621, 
probably in May, Priscilia Midlines — daughter of William Mullines and Alice 
( ?) his wife. Mr. William W. Wight of Milwaukee says in his sketch, 

" Courtship of Miles Standish," that they were from Dorking, Surrey, England;: 
and two children were left in England, and two were brought here. We know 
Priscilia and Joseph came with their parents, and that Joseph died the first 
year. In Henry F. Waters's Genealogical Gleanings in England, we find that 
Mr. William Mullines spoke of one son only in England, giving him certain 
property, and more "if he came to America." Then we find in Plymouth a 
Wm. Mulling " able to bear arms in 1643." Is this not the son, and does any 
one know anything further of him — whether he left a family, &c? A Moses 
Mullin wrote a short poem on the Standish-Alden episode — quoted by Mr. 
Wight — in 1762. Mr. Wight and Mrs. Jane Austin in her " Standish of Standish " 
speak of the Mullines as of French extraction. I would like their authority for 
this. 

Bradford speaks of John Alden asa" cooper" by trade; not a member of the 
congregation at Leyden, and persuaded to come to this country " being a hop- 
ful yong man was much desired, but left to his own liking to go or stay, when 
he came here.*' 

Bradford also says at a certain date (and I would like this date), John and 
Priscilia had eleven children living. We know that he had : — 

1. John, born before March, 1622. 

2. Elizabeth, born before May, 1625. 

3. Joseph, born 1624. 



270 Notes and Queries. [July* 

In a grant of land to John Alden, two children, John and Elizabeth, are 
spoken of, but as Joseph (Alden Memorial) died Feb. 2, 1G97, aged 73, it would 
look as if he was born in 1624. Can any one settle this question? 

4. David, born in 162G; died in 1719, aged 93. 

5. Sarah, born when? married Alexander Standish when? and where? and 
when did she die? She died before 1688. 

6. Ruth, born when? married in 1657 John Bass, and died before 1688. I 
would like the exact date. 

7. Jonathan ; when was he born or how old was he when he died? 

8. Mary, married before 1677, died between 1688 and 1699. She was alive 
at the settlement of her father's estate in 1688. When did she die, and when 
was she born, and when was she married, and did she have children? She 
married Thomas Dillano. 

9. Rebecca is mentioned in Colonial Records as of marriageable age in 1661, 
and was undoubtedly one of these eleven children, though dead in 1688. 

10. Is it Zachariah? Alden Memorial says. an Anna Alden married Josiah 
Snell, Dec. 2, 1699, and quotes Mitchell as saying ' ; daughter of Zachariah." 
He does not seem to me to be Zachariah, son of Capt.John, 2 and I have 
thought he was a brother of Capt. John 2 Aldeu. YHiere did Anna Alden marry 
Josiah Snell? 

11. A Priscilla married Samuel Cheesebrook in 1699. Where? Was this the 
eleventh child or was it Priscilla (Mullins) Alden? 

John Alden was the " last male survivor of those who came in the May 
Flower and signed the compact in her cabin in 1620." (Alden Memorial.) 
Does this mean the last male signer, or the last male of the Mayflower? Did 
Priscilla (Mullins) Alden outlive her husband, and when did she die? 

John Alden distributed his estate amongst his children before his death. The 
homestead went to Jonathan, the youngest son, with whom he lived at the time 
of his death, and the heirs signed a settlement acknowledging that they had 
received their due. I wish now to call the especial attention of genealogists to a 
puzzle. Who is Mary, in the signers given below? 

John Alden (seal) David Alden (seal) Wm. Paybody (seal) 

Joseph Alden (seal) Priscilla Alden (seal) 

Alexander Standish (seal) in the right of my wife Sarah, deceased. 

John Bass (seal) in the risrht of my wife Ruth, deceased. 

Mary Alden (seal) Thomas Dillano (seal) 

Dated 13 day of June, 1688. 
, We see that Wm. Pabodie and Thomas Dillano have wives living, Elizabeth 
ar;d Mary, and their names are not mentioned, while Alexander Standish and 
John Bass speak of their wives by name. 

Now Mary (Alden) Dillano had been married over ten years, her husband 
signs for her ; now is it probable she would sign again, and sign her maiden name? 
Is it probable that there w T ere two Marys? Is it not more probable that she is 
the wife of another son, either dead or absent, perhaps wife of Zachariah? 
Perhaps he was a mariner. I suppose the question could be settled if we could 
find the signature of Thomas Dillano and wife and compare her signature with 
the one in the settlement. I would be glad of any further particulars in regard 
to any of these children, or any Alden items not found in Alden Memorial or 
Winsor's History of Duxbury. 

Capt. John 2 Alden (John 1 ) was able to bear arms in 1643, freeman 1648, a 
"John Alden, Junr.," spoken of in Duxbury in 1658. He married somewhere 
an Elizabeth (who was she?) and had a child Mary, born (where?) Dec. 17, 1659. 
He married in 1660, Elizabeth (Phillips) Everell, daughter of Wm. Phillips of 
Watertown and Saco. When did the tirst wife die, and where? I would like to 
know more of his life between 1648 and 1658. Mr. Joseph W. Porter of Bangor, 
Maine, has a great deal of interest about him aft<T he came to Boston. I would 
like a full account of his family, more than we find in the Alden Memorial. I 
would like the marriage of Elizabeth Walley. and her husband's name, and her 
family; also full particulars of her second husband, for Winsor says she mar- 
ried 2d, before Aug. 4, 1704, a Willard. 

Any information is most thankfully received. Mus. Charles L. Alden. 

Alden Cottage, Little Compton, E. I. 



1892.] Notes and Queries, 271 

Births, exact dates wanted : — 
Experience Abell, wife of John Hyde of Norwich. 
Esther Allen, wife of Samuel Thompson of New Haven; died 1776. 
Kobert Ashley of Springfield; died 29 Nov. 1682. 

Hannah Avery, wife of William Sutherland of Duchess Co. ; died 1720. 
Rev. Stephen BatcheMea?, of Lynn; died 1660. 
Deborah, his daughter; died 31 Jan. 1692. 
Gov. James Bishop, of New Haven. 
Rebecca, his daughter, died 1734. 
Daniel Brown, of Ipswich. 
Humphrey Brown, of Ipswich; died 1750. 
Content, his daughter. 

Mary Clark, wife of Richard Thomas; living 1748. 
Moses Cleveland, of Woburn; died 9 Jan. 1702. 
Daniel Coles, of Roxbury ; died 19 Nov. 1692. 
Robert Coles of Roxbury. 

Sarah Coles, wife of Icnabod Hopkins of Oyster Bay; died 1725. 
Isaac Cox, of Talbot Co., Md. ; 1734. 
Isaac Cox, of Delaware; died 28 Dec. 1773. 
Lydia Croxton, wife of Kenelm Sklllington of Talbot Co. 
Edward Dillingham, died 1667. 
Henry Dillingham, of Sandwich; 1655. 
Tristram Dodge, of Block Island; 1664. 
Ann. his daughter, died 1723. 
William Douglas, of New London; 1640. 
Alexander Edwards, of Springfield; 1640. 
Judith Griffin, wife of David Sutherland of Bangall; 1760. 
Samuel Gorton, of Warwick, R. I. ; died 1677. 
Mahala, his daughter. 
Timothy Hanson, of Delaware; 1700. 

Leacote, Mhinebeck, V. Y. Douglas Meeritt. 



Martha (Vose) Buooitnster. — Robert Yose of Dorchester, in will of 1686, 
mentions daughter Martha, who was a widow Buckmaster (Buckminster). His 
daughter Elizabeth married Thomas Swift, of Dorchester-Milton. John Sharpe 
writes in 1676, a few weeks before his death in the Sudbury tight, to Thomas 
Meekins of Braintree-Katheld, his guardian after the death of^Robert Sharpe 
and the marriage of the widow to Nicholas Clap: "My mother Vose is ded 
(sic) and my sister Swift," showing that Martha, wife of John Sharpe, was 
Martha Vose, above mentioned. What Buckminster did she marry? Savage 
gives a James of the name as an original proprietor at Sudbury in 1640, and 
that is the sole mention of the man. The others of the name were Thomas, son 
of John of Feterboro', Eng.., and his descendants. His children were Law- 
rence, who left a will in 1645, before sailing for England, and who is not heard 
of again : Zechariah, who was at Sherborn in 1692 with wife Mary : Thomas, 
who died in 1659, leaving wife and daughter, both named Mary: Joseph, who 
died in 1668 leaving wife Elizabeth and son Joseph, who was the ancestor of all 
of the name who trace to Thomas, and Jabez, who was of Muddy River and who 
is found there as late as the spring of 1G85, when he disappears. Joseph, Jr. 
married Martha, daughter of John and Martha (Vose) Sharpe, and was alive at 
the death of Robert Vose. This leaves Jabez Buckminster as the only one of 
the name who could probably have married the widow Sharpe. Information 
regarding Jabez Buckminster, after the date of the will of Robert Vose, would, 
disprovethis assumption. Edward II. Williams, Jr.. 



Portrait of Col. Joseph Jackson. — The article upon Gen. Henry Jackson, 
in the April number of the Register, I have read with much interest, which 
arises from the fact that in 1879 I made a long but successful search to find a 
portrait of Colonel Joseph Jackson, the father of Gen. Henry. Jaeksou. CoL 
Joseph Jackson was Captaiu of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company 
in 1752. He joined the Company in 1738 and died 1790. My only clue to start 
with was Whitman** History of Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, page 
289, which says I " His will disposes of his portrait to his son Joseph." UpoiL 
examination of the wili I found Whitman to be correct. 

VOL. XLVI. 22* 



272 



flotes and Queries. 



[July, 



The next thing I did was to trace out the family of Rev. Joseph Jackson ; 
and at last I found the portrait in possession of Atherton T. Brown, Esq., of 
Roxbury, who very kindly allowed me to take a large photograph of it. Mr. 
Brown believed the portrait to be that of Gen. Henry Jackson, but I soon 
satisfied him to the contrary. At first glance at the portrait I knew it to be by 
Copley, but to make it more sure I induced the late Augustus T. Perkins to 
make an examination, and he at once without the slightest hesitancy pronounced 
it the work of Copley. 

As Col. Henry Jackson was but 27 years of age in 1774, when Copley went 
to England, and as the picture is that of an elderly gentleman, there can be no 
doubt but that it represents Col. Josepn Jackson, who was born in 1707. 

A. A. Folsom. 



Gen. Joseph Jackson. — Information desired of the ancestry of Gen. Joseph 
Jackson, who was buried at Rensselaerville, Albany Co., N. Y., August 27, 1803, 
aged about 70. Also the name of his wife, date of marriage, and her ancestry. 

28 Vernon St., Hartford, Conn. Mrs. Clara S. Prince. 



Replies. 
The Seviancas Map : eome reasons against its assigned date of 1610. — 
Some interest has been manifested of late in regard to a map, of the alleged 
date of 1610, first dragged from its hiding-place in Spain by Mr. Brown, and 
inserted in his Genesis of the United States, vol. i. p. 456. It has been called 
the Simancas map, by way of description. A reduced facsimile of a portion of 
the map is given below. 




If the date assigned to this map by Mr. Brown could be thoroughly well 
established, then the interest felt in it, especially by students of New-England 
history and cartology, would be easily accounted for; yet as the matter stands 
I am led to question its claims upon grounds which seem to make, to my mind 
at least, a clear case against it. 















. 



























' 



1892.] JSFotes and Queries. 273 

Mr. Brown's own account of this map — and here for the sake of clearness I 
shall have to repeat what has already appeared in the Register — is as follows : 
" Map of America — said to have been made in Virginia by a surveyor sent over 
by the King of England for that purpose, who returned to England about De- 
cember 1610, procured in some secret way by the Spanish ambassador in Lon- 
don etc." Genesis i. 457. " I think the map evidently embodies (besides the 
surveys of Champlain and other foreigners) the English surveys of White, 
Gosnold, Weymouth, Pring, Hudson, Argail and Tyndall, and possibly others." 
Ibid. i. 458. 

The first objection to this theory, for theory it is and nothing else, is that 
the map itself bears no date. If I have read Mr. Brown's remarks correctly his 
theory rests upon the assumption that this is the identical map referred to in 
the Spanish minister's dispatch. To establish this proposition the date would 
be needed first of all. There being none, we are led to look at the evidence 
borne on the face of the map itself. 

Whether, as regards the New-England coast, this map embodies the surveys 
of Gosnold, Weymouth or Pring, 1 have no means of knowing, never having 
seen either of them or having other evidence to the fact beyond the legends 
attached to the coast here and there; but with regard to Champlain the case is 
different. Here, at least, we have something definite, inasmuch as that part of 
the map in question, covering the Nova Scotia and Eastern Maine coasts, is 
liberally dotted with Champlain's legends. Two of the latter. Isle Haute and 
Monts Deserts, Champlain expressly says that he himself conferred. On that 
head there will be, I think, no dispute. 

But Champlain's map was not cut till the year 1612, or printed till 1613, when 
it first appeared in his well-known Voyages. The question then naturally arises, 
how could a map drawn three years before exhibit these names of his? Either 
the maker of the Simancas map must have had access to Champlain's drawings, 
a presumption highly inprobable on its face, or the date of 1610 is a palpable 
error. But we are discussing a map without a date or name, hence until its 
identity is established its authority to settle disputed questions is not admitted. 

If the Simancas map is certainly not earlier than 1613, it is probably not 
older than Smith's of 1614. and possibly much later than his. I should certainly 
assign a later date to it, and for this reason: it is entirely too good for the 
state of discovery at that early period of the seventeenth century — far better 
than either Champlain's or Smith's — and therefore argues a deliberate and 
painstaking survey, rather than a hasty one. The trend and shaping of the 
coast lines would* do no discredit to a much later time. All the prominent 
features of the Maine coast are, as one can see, laid down with surprising 
accuracy. It is no haphazard sketch. Take for instance the entrance to the 
Kennebec, where even the inside passage from Bath to Boothbay is correctly 
drawn. The draught was probably made more with reference to Old Virginia 
than New England, and is therefore no trustworthy evidence to the state of 
discovery in 1610. But I will not prolong the discussion, though it would be 
interesting to know the sources from which this map was taken. It will be 
noticed that while there are no indications of the Popham Colony's fort and 
settlement, Cape Porpus is put down with reasonable correctness. 

Samuel Adams Drake. 



Dexison {ante, p. 127). — I am greatly interested in the autobiography of 
Maj. Gen. Daniel Denison, which appeared in the April number of the Register. 
We have always had a tradition in our branch of the family (from Capt. George 
brother of Daniel ) that we came from Hertfordshire, but from what part we 
knew not. ' It is very pleasant to have the tradition verified. 

In relation to John, of whom you ask further information, I find the following 
in Cussans's History of Hertfordshire, vol. i., p. 182. Among the vicars of 
Standon, hundred of Braughin, six miles from Bishop-Stortford, is the name of 
John Denison with date of institution omitted. An asterisk at the name refers 
to a foot-note as follows: "This vicarage sequestered and Mr. Rodes is per- 
mitted by the parishioners to preach (Lansdowne MSS. 459, fol. 100, circa 
1636.)" 

The next entry below John Denison is : " John Wade 21 Oct 1670, upon death 
of John Dennison." 



274 Notes and Queries. [July, 

endowments belonged to Knights of St. John of Jerusalem until the Reformation. 
In 26th Henry, viii., on the dissolution of religious houses, the vicarage was 
valued at £14* 13s 4d per annum. " In 1050 it was set down by the commis- 
sioners appointed by the parliament to enquire into the state of ecclesiastical 
benefices, at £;M per annum, but the living was sequestered and without a 
minister, whereupon one ' Master Rhodes, a painfull godly man,' was licensed 
to preach in the church withoat a fixed salary, but with power to appropriate as 
much of the tythe as he could collect." 

I find in the Astor Library no record of Cambridge graduates earlier than 
1666 ; so I cannot trace him further here. 

I noted in Cussans's history also that Denison is a common name in the records 
of Great Munden, Herts. 

I am sorry that I did not know of this last summer when I was in Hertford- 
shire. John D. Champlin, Jr. 

325 West 57 th Street, New York City. 

The following Is an extract from a letter dated 4 May, 1892, from the Rev. 
J. J. Raven, D J)., canon of Norwich and vicar of Fressingfield, Harleston, 
Norfolk, England :— 

" On reading the autobiography of Major General Daniel Denison in the April 
number of the Register, I communicated with the Registrary of Cambridge 
University, with this result : 

"John Denison, Queen's, A.B. 1623, A.M. 1627. 

" Daniel Denison, Emmanuel, A.B. 1629. 

"From the Rev. William Magan Campion, D.D., President of Queen's Col- 
lege, I learn this morning that 'John Denison was admitted a pensioner of 
Queen's College on the 30th March, 1620, Mr. Bolton being his tutor. I cannot 
find anything else about him.' 

" I will pursue the investigation with the courts of Hertford, as I have 
opportunity." 

May 9 Canon Raven sends us the following extract from the Register of Em- 
manuel College : 

" Daniel Dennison, Admitted April 8, 1626, Pensioner, A.B. 1629." 

"This brings Daniel Denison," he remarks, "into touch with John Harvard and 
William Sancrof t the elder (uncle of the Archbishop) , who became Master of 
Emmanuel in 1628." 



Bible "Family Records (Ante, vol. 44, p. 400; vol. 46, p. 180). — Gen. William 
S. Stryker, of Trenton, N. J., writes. — " I have examined the copy of the Col- 
lins Bible which I have. It is the edition published in Trenton in 1791 and it 
does contain three blank leaves between the old and new testament, evidently 
intended for family record. The copy of the Bible I have contains the family 
record carefully written out on these leaves." 

I have recently examined the family Bible of Exekiel French, of Sandwich, 
N. H. This Bible was published by Isaac Collins, Trenton, N. J., 1791, and has 
provision for the Family record as described by General Stryker. This Bible 
is now owned by Charles H. White, Surgeon U. S. Navy. Dr. White is a 
grandson of E. French. A. A. Folsom. 

Boston, Mass. 

The agitation of the question of the earliest publication in America of a 
family Bible including the records, has induced me to examine an heir-loom in my 
possession, which I find was published by Matthew Carey on November 7, 1803". 
Carey was an Irishman who became involved in the troubles of that country at 
the close of the last century, and escaping to Philadelphia established there the 
respectable publishing house subsequently continued by his son and son-in-law 
nnder the name of Carey & Lea. Matthew Carey always claimed that he was 
the first American publisher of a family Bible of the kind, and stated he kept it 
set up in type to be printed from time to time to meet the demand. Hence the 
different dates on the title page. 

An inscription on my copy states it was "bought of Hezekiah Niles, printer 
and stationer, Wilmington, Delaware. Price 7 dollars." Niles soon after re- 
moved to Baltimore and later began the publication of his celebrated " Weekly 
Register" so essential to a historian of the period from the close of Jefferson's 
administration down to the election of Harrison in 1840. W. Whitelock. 

Baltimore, Md. 



1892.] Notes and Queries. 275 

Historical Intelligence. 

Register of St. Botolph, Bishopsoate, London, England. — The Register 
of this parish, edited by the Rev. A. W. Cornelius Hallen. of Alloa, Scotland, 
are now in the course of publication in parts. The printed work will include 
baptisms, marriages and deaths from 1558 to 1753, and will make when com- 
pleted three royal octavo volumes, the subscription price for the three volumes 
being £4. 0. 0. Subscriptions should be sent to Mr. T. W. Hills, Rectory House, 
Devonshire Square, Bishopgate, London, E. Two volumes have already been 
issued and a part of vol. 3. Part 19 will be issued before this announcement is 
seen by our readers, and No. 20 will follow shortly. The Rev. Mr. Halien, the 
editor, has issued the following circular : 

" I take this opportunity of laying before you the position in which the Rev. 
Wm. Rogers, the Rector of St. Botolph, finds himself. He made himself 
responsible for the printing of the Transcripts of the Registers, believing that 
many of the parishioners would wish to possess such interesting Records, and 
that men of letters would show their appreciation of the great value of the work 
by purchasing it. In both these expectations he. has been somewhat disap- 
pointed ; very few copies have been contributed for in the parish, and the 
general public have not heartily supported a scheme which would have gradu- 
ally provided a complete set of Transcripts of the Registers of such London 
Parishes as have not already been printed. 

"I, as Editor and Transcriber, venture to make an urgent appeal to you to 
place the matter before your friends, with a view to obtaining additional sub- 
scribers. The addition of one hundred names to the List would secure 
the Rector against loss. I would most earnestly urge every one who receives ■ 
this letter to do his best. 

" I am continually receiving most gratifying testimony of the value of these 
Registers, and expressions of hope that they will be followed by those of St. 
Paul's Cathedral and others. But unless men of letters, having the inclination 
and power to spend money on such books, give practical support by subscribing 
in additional numbers, I must give up all idea of continuing to transcribe and 
print London Parish Registers, and some means must be devised by which, the 
Rector will be saved from heavy loss. 

" I trust that this appeal will be responded to without delay, and that I shall be 
able to issue, with the next Number of the Register, a satisfactory supplemental 
list of Subscribers." 

Inhabitants of Essex County, Massachusetts, from 1626 to 1800. — Mr. 
Sidney Perley, of Salem, Mass., has issued a circular from which we learn that 
lie has been searching the records of Essex County, Mass., for the past seven- 
teen years, and has made large collections of genealogical information, has 
begun the arrangement of the genealogy of every person who lived in the 
County before the year 1800, — a work he proposes to continue as long as time 
and means allow. 

The records of the County include admissions to and dismissions from the 
churches, baptisms, births, marriages, deaths, intentions of marriages, grave- 
stone inscriptions, old newspaper news items, advertisements and obituary 
notices, parish records and tax lists, town meeting records and tax lists, probate 
records and original wills and other papers on rile, registry of deeds, court 
records, civil and criminal, proprietors' records, colonial, provincial and state 
records, and private papers. Seven-eighths of these records are not indexed at 
all, and none of them have full indexes of names. Genealogists will see at a 
glance what a vast amount of hidden genealogical material will thus be brought 
into ready use. 

All persons having questions that have heretofore failed of solution are advised 
to send them to Mr. Perley. Information on hand will be sent and researches 
made on reasonable terms. Copies of wills, deeds and other papers will also 
be made. 



Capt. Reade on the Origin and Genealogy of the Hildreiti Family of 
Lowell, Mass.— Capt. Philip Reade, U.S.A., ha3 sent us a file of the articles 
printed during April and May, last past, in the Lowell (Mass.) Courier, under 
the above title, which, we understand, are to be reprinted in a pamphlet, as 



276 JNotes and Queries. [July, 

they well deserve to be. In the preparation of this genealogy of his maternal 
ancestry, Capt. Reade has diligently searched the town records and exhausted 
the ready memory of aged relatives. The Hildreths, though not a pioneer 
family in the " wildernesse on the Northerne side of merimack riuer," were 
early settlers after the incorporation of Dracnt. From thence, down to the 
generation which saw the merging of large portions of the town into the city 
of Lowell, they continually held important town offices and exerted an influence 
in that community second to none. We commend this effort of Capt. Reade as 
a valuable contribution to the history of North Middlesex. 



Washington's Youth : an Authentic Statement of Facts concerning 
his Early Career. — Under this title J. M. Toner. M. D.. of Washington, pub- 
lished two verv interesting articles in the Washington Evening Star, Feb. 20 
and Feb. 22, 1892. The title of the first article is il His Schoolboy Days," and 
that of the second is " Honors Early Gained." Much' new matter relative to an 
interesting period of Washington's life is here preserved by one who has done 
much to illustrate the biography and writings, of the '.' Father of his Country." 



Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to 
furnish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families 
and other information which they think may be useful. We would suggest that 
all facts of interest illustrating family history or character be communicated, 
especially service under the IT. S. government, the holding of other offices, 
graduation from college or professional schools, occupation, with places and 
dates of births, marriages, residence and death. When there are more than one 
christian name they should all be given in full if possible. No initials should be 
used when the full names are known. 

Chute. — The Chute Genealogies by William E. Chute of Swampscott, Mass. 
(a lineal descendant in the eighth generation from Lionel Chute the Ipswich 
schoolmaster) will soon be issued by Eben Putnam of the Salem Press. It will 
make a volume of about 400 pages. Price $4. There will be 276 families of the 
Chutes, besides which the author will give about forty collateral branches bearing 
the following names : Adams, Banks, Cheney, Chipman, Cogswell, Farusworth, 
Foster, Gates, Hale, Harris, Hains, Hankinson, Marshall, Morse, Noyes, Parker, 
Potter. Randall, Rice, Ruggles, Sanford, Steadman, Taylor, Thurston, Van 
Buskirk, Weare, Whitman, 'Woodworth and Worster. Besides the American 
families there will be valuable English records. 

Address, W. E. Chute, Swampscott. 

Cutis. — The Cutts Genealogy by Cecil H. C. Howard. 256 Tompkins Avenue, 
Brooklyn, N. Y., announced in the Register for January, 1887, page 102, we 
understand is now in the printer's hands. 

Bodge. — A Genealogy of the Dodge Family of Essex County, Mass., is being 
prepared by Mr. Joseph T. Dodge of Madison, Wis. An introductory article on 
the subject will appear is the October number of the Register. Circulars 
soliciting information are being issued. 

Grosvenor. — S. L. Crissy, 1426 Massachusetts Avenue, Y^ashington, D. C, 
is compiling the History and Genealogical Record of the Grosvenor Family and 
has.it in an advanced stage toward completion. He has already nearly two 
thousand names. There are probably many of the family, daughters married, 
whom he has not reached by correspondence, who are scattered all over the 
country. They are requested to send their records to Mr. Crissy. The family 
started from Roxbury, Mass., and settled in Pomfret, Ct., about 1700. One 
son of the original John, William by name, was a graduate of Harvard, settled 
in the ministry, went to South Carolina where he died. There is a rumor that 
he married and had two daughters. 

Markham. E. A. Markham, A.M., M.D., P. O. Box 95, Durham, Connecticut, 
is preparing a genealogy of tins family. The most of the name in this country 
are descendants of Deacon Daniel Markham (also spelled Marcum and Marcam), 
who came from England about 1665. Dr. Markham has also record.-, of William 
of Middletovvn, 1650, complete; Nathaniel of Watertown, 1673; Jeremiah of 
Dover, 1659; Gov. William of Pennsylvania, 1681; John of New York and 
Virginia, 1720 ; and Mr. Markham of Virginia, 1635. 



1892.] Societies and their Proceedings. 211 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

Old Colony Historical Society. 

Taunton, Massachusetts, April 18, 2892. — A quarterly meeting was held this 
afternoon, the president, Rev. S. Hopkins Emery, D.D., in the chair. 

Rev. Henry Clinton Graves D.D., of New Bedford, read a paper on " George 
Fox and Roger Williams — a Historical Study." 

Charles A. Reed, chairman of a special committee tc audit the treasurer's 
accounts, reported that the receipts during the year were $875.10, and the pay- 
ments §655. 9G. The total fund in bank is"§614.66, to which may be added $500, 
the legacy of the late John Wilson Smith of Providence, which is now in the 
savings bank. 

Mr. John F. Montgomery was elected Auditor. 

At the evening session Dea. Edgar H. Reed, the historiographer, read obituary 
notices of the following deceased members : Mr. Peter Chick, who died Jan. 
22, in his 70th year; Rev. Ebenezer Dawes, who died at Lakeville, Jan. 29, in 
his 66th year; and Mrs. Anna Mason Fox, wife of Hon. William H. Fox, who 
died March 28, aged 52.* 

James M. Cushman, a descendant of Robert Cushman, one of the Pilgrim 
Fathers, read a paper on " Cohannet Alewives and the Ancient Grist Mill at the 
Falls on Mill River." 

Capt. John Williams Dean Hall, the librarian, reported a large number of 
valuable donations. 

Maine Genealogical Society. 

Portland, Wednesday, April 27, 1892. — A quarterly meeting was held this 
evening, the president, the Hon. Marquis F. King, in the chair. 

Mr. Fabins M. Ray read a paper on the life and public services of Col. Thomas 
Westbrook, who is supposed to have been a native of Portsmouth, N. H., which 
was his residence till about 1730. Afterwards he became a resident of Fal- 
mouth, Me., and lived at Stroudwater,f now in the town of Westbrook which 
was named for him. 

Mr. L. B. Chapman read a paper on the Knight family. 

Dr. A. K. P. Meserve exhibited a book containing about 500 pages transcribed 
from the old records of Buxton, Me. 

Maine Historical Society. 

Portland, Monday, April 11, 1892. — The Society celebrated this evening the 
seventieth anniversary of its founding, at the Preble House, by a dinner, which 
occupied about two hours, and many interesting speeches and reminiscences. 
The latest nineteenth-century improvements were introduced into the exercises. 
A phonograph at one corner of the dining room discoursed orchestral music 
during the courses, while congratulations were received, through the long-dis- 
tance telephone, from historical societies in the cities of New York, Worcester, 
Boston and Providence. 

After the dinner, the president of the Society, James P. Baxter, A.M., de- 
livered ah address in which he called attention to the honorable career of the 
Society, mentioning many of those who in past years have held its offices. 

A telegram was then read from the venerable Hon. James W. Bradbury, the 
predecessor of Mr. Baxter as president, dated Asheville, N. C, as follows: 
44 My health is improved. I am with you to-night. All honor to the man who 
founded the Society." Letters were read from Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, 
LL.D., and Rev. Dr. George E. Ellis of Boston; Mr. Albion K. Parris of Wash- 
ington, a grandson of Gov. Parris, the first president of the Society ; and others. 

• In the report of the last meeting {ante, p. 191), the name of the last member of whom 
a memorial sketch was read should be Charles Richmond Duxbury. He died at Brooklyn, 
N.Y.,Dec. 26, 1891. 

f A series of letters from Col. Thomas Westbrook and others, contributed by Mr. Wil- 
liam B. Trask, was begun in the Register for January, 1890, and has been continued to 
the present time. 





















' 












278 {Societies and their Proceedings. [July> 

Speeches were next made by the Rev. Henry S. Burrage, D.D., Hon. Josiah 
H. Drummord, and Messrs. Franklin C. Payson, J. S. Locke and Clarence Hale. 
At the conclusion of Mr. Hale's remarks the gentlemen were grouped and a 
flash-light photograph was taken. 

Rhode Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, January 11, 1S92. — The seventieth annual meeting was 
held this evening in the Society's cabinet, in Waterman Street, the president, 
Hon. Horatio Rogers, in the chair. 

President Rogers made a brief address, after which the following officers 
were elected : 

President. — Hon. Horatio Rogers. 

Vice Presidents. — E. Benjamin Andrews and Hon. George M. Carpenter. 

Secretary. — Hon. Amos Perry. 

Treasurer. — Richmond P. Everett. 

Standing Committees. — Nominations — Albert V. Jencks, James E. Cranston 
and Edward I. Nickerson. Lectures — Amos Perry, Amasa M. Eaton and Reuben 
A. Guild. Building and Grounds— Royal C. Taft, I. C. Bates and Isaac H. South- 
wick. Library — William D. Ely, William B. Weeden and Howard W. Preston. 
Publication — E. Benjamin Andrews, W. F. B. Jackson and James G. Vose. 
Genealogical Researches — Henry E. Turner, John 0. Austin and George T. 
Hart. Finance — Robert II. I. Goddard. Charles H. Smith and Richmond P. 
Everett. Audit Committee — Lewis J. Chase, Edwin Barrows and James Bur- 
dick. Procurators : Newport — George C. Mason : Woonsocket — Latimer W. 
Ballou; Scituate — Charles H. Fisher; North Kingstown— D. S. Baker, Jr.; 
Hopkinton — George H. Oluey. The choice of a procurator for Pawtucket was 
left to the chair. 

A resolution asking the Society to take into consideration the advisability of 
responding to a request for contributions to an historical collection to be made 
at the Columbian Exposition in Chicago, was acted upon favorably, and a com- 
mittee will be appointed at a future meeting. 

Virginia Historical Society. 

Bichmond, Saturday, February 20, 1892. — A meeting of the executive com- 
mitte was held this evening in the Society's rooms in the Westmoreland Club 
House, the president, William Wirt Henry, in the chair. 

A large number of gifts were reported. 

The president read a letter from H. B. Clay of Boston, regarding the Clay 
family of Virginia and Kentucky, and Mr. Brock read a letter from Dr. Thomas 
Nelson Page, stating that Mr. George R. Morse of New York designed to pre- 
sent to the Society a large part of the correspondence of Gov. John Page of 
Virginia. 

Mr. Brock was authorized to print the current volume of the Society's Col- 
lections, which will comprise, with other matter, the valuable papers read" before 
the Society at its meeting December 21 and 22, 1891. 

Saturday, May 7. — A meeting of the executive committee was held this even- 
ing in the Society's rooms, President Henry in the chair. 

A large number of gifts were reported, including an autograph letter of 
Washington. Several important matters regarding the interests of the Society 
were discussed. 

Mr. Robert A. Brock, the secretary, and editor of the Society's publications, 
reported that the current volume of its Historical Collections (the eleventh) 
would soon be ready for distribution. 

Thursday, May 26. — A special meeting of the committee was held this even- 
ing at the Westmoreland Club House, 

A proposition was received from Mrs. John Stewart and her daughters to 
cede to the Society for its occupancy the historic building No. 707 East Frank- 
lin Street, which was the residence during the late war of General Robert E. 
Lee. The ofier was accepted, and the president was requested to express to Mrs. 
Stewart the grateful appreciation of the Society of the considerate generosity, 
which, it is to be hoped, will greatly enhance the usefulness and popularity of 
the Society. 



1892.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 279 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., Historiographer of the Society. 

The Historiographer would inform the Society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the limited 
space which can he appropriated. All the facts, however, which can be 
gathered are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in more 
extended memoirs for which the " Towne Memorial Fund," the gift of the 
late William B. Towne, is provided. Four volumes, printed at the charge 
of this fund, entitled " Memorial Biographies," edited by the Commit- 
tee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of all the 
members who have died from the organization of the society to the year 

1862. A fifth volume is ready for the press. 

Thomas Coffin Amory, A.M., a resident member of this Society, came from 
a family well known in Ireland as the Amorys of Bunratty. He was born in 
Boston,' in a handsome house, still standing, on the corner of Beacon and Park 
Streets, 16 October, 1812. His parents were Jonathan and Mehitable (Sullivan) ; 
his grandparents were Thomas and Elizabeth (Coffin) ; and his srreat grand- 
parents were Thomas and Rebekah (Holmes). This last named Thomas (son 
of Jonathan) was born in Limerick, Ireland, in 1682, and came to Boston in 
1710. 

The subject of this sketch was sent to the Round Hill School, Northampton, 
at the age of ten, and remained there four years; he completed his preparation 
for college during the next two years under his father's roof, and graduated 
from Harvard College in 1830. He made a visit to Europe, and, on his return, 
began the study of the law under his uncle the Hon. William Sullivan, and 
joined him in the care of the family property. Mr. Amory began, early in life, 
to take an interest in historical investigation, at first in connection with the 
history of his own ancestry. In 1859, he published the life of his grandfather, 
James Sullivan, a warm friend of Samuel Adams, and governor of Massachu- 
setts 1807-1809. He had been a member of the Historic Genealogical Society 
since 7 November, 1855. and now (8 September, 1859) he was elected into the 
Massachusetts Historical Society. In 18G8, he published the Military Services 
and Public Life of Major General John Sullivan, of the Revolutionary army, 
and, in 1886, The Life of Admiral Coffin. 

In 1858 Mr. Amory was chosen an alderman of the city of Boston, and in 
1859 a member of the Massachusetts Legislature. " During the war he ren- 
dered magnificent service to the city in his position on the Board of Aldermen." 
He took much interest in the building of the City Hospital, and, as president of 
its Board of Trustees, he delivered the address at its dedication. He was greatly 
interested, also, in the erection of the Charity Building in Chardon Street. For 
an account of his eilbrts, with those of others, to save the Hancock House in 

1863, see his remarks at the annual meeting of the Bostonian Society, 9 Jan- 
nary, 1883, and City Document No. 56, 1863. He was equally interested in the 
preservation of the Old State House, and was one of the early members of the 
Bostonian Society, and for several years a director. He was an officer in 
Trinity Church, Boston, and gave to that religious society "of his time and 
means with the greatest liberality." We heartily concur in the summing up of 
his character by one of his intimate friends, in these words : " He was a brave, 
honest, liberal, patriotic, well-educated christian gentleman." He died at his 
home in Commonwealth Avenue, 20 August, 1889. 

VOL. XL VI. 23 















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. 






280 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [July, 

RorERT Bennet Forbes, Esq., son of Ralph Rennet and Margaret (Perkins) 
Forbes, was born at Jamaica Plain, Mass., 18 September, 1804. His mother 
was a sister of the eminent Boston merchants, James and Thomas Ilandasyd 
Perkins, to whose w encouragement and assistance his distinguished career was 
in great measure due." The family on both sides was of Scotch descent. Mr. 
Forbes's grandfather, the Rev. John Forbes, married Dorothy Murray in Mil- 
ton, 2 February, 17G9. Her uncle. Robert Bennet, was a kinsman of, and 
served as midshipman under, Admiral, Lord Colliugwood, and his name de- 
scended to the subject of this sketch. 

Bennet Forbes entered the employ of his uncles, the Messrs. Perkins, when 
he was twelve years of age, but they did not wish him to be satisfied with 
merely a counting-room training. He was in the habit of dining with one of 
them on Sunday; and when it was his turn to be helped to pudding, he was 
asked how he would like to be eating plum duff off the Cape of Good Hope. 
The question was asked so often that he began to think that his mission in the 
world was to eat plum duff off the Cape of Good Hope. At thirteen he sailed 
for China in the " Canton Packet," shipping before the mast, going aloft and 
standing his regular watch, like any other sailor. At fifteen he made a second 
voyage, was third mate at sixteen, second mate at seventeen, and when he was 
twenty his uncles gave him the command of their favorite ship, the " Levant." 
He afterward commanded the "Nile," the "Danube" and the "Lintin." He 
continued his life on the ocean until 1832, when he established himself in busi- 
ness in Boston, and two years later was married to Miss Rose Greene Smith. 
His autobiography gives a graphic account of all his voyages, as well as of his 
varied experiences ashore. 

In 1838, owing to commercial reverses, Captain Forbes sailed again for China, 
and soon became the head of the American house of Russell & Co. He was so 
successful, that at the end of three or four years he was able to return to the 
United States. In 1849 he again became a partner in the house of Russell &, Co., 
and went to China by the overland route, taking passage from Boston in the 
steamship " Europa" on the voyage when she ran down an emigrant ship, the 
" Charles Bartlett," and rendering gallant service at the time of this disaster. 
He came home the next year, but retained an interest in the house, with some 
intermissions, until 1857. 

Captain Forbes took the deepest interest in everything relating to the welfare 
of seamen; he was an active member of the Massachusetts Humane Society, 
and one of the founders of the Sailors' Snug Harbor. He invented what is 
known as the Forbes Rig, by which the handling of heavy topsails is facilitated ; 
and he was concerned with Colonel Perkins in the building of the propeller ship 
" Massachusetts" (launched in Boston, 22 July, 18-45), which sailed from New 
York for Liverpool in September, 1815. She was the first American screw 
steamer to cross the Atlantic; and, with the exception of the " Savannah," the 
first American steamer to perform this voyage. Captain Forbes sent the first 
steam vessel to China, under the American flag, the propeller schooner '• Midas" ; 
and the first to India, the propeller barque " Edith." In this early appreciation 
of the screw for ocean steamship navigation, he was far in advance of his 
time; for, after he had made his experiments, the Collins and California 
lines of steamers came into existence, all of them constructed with huge paddle 
wheels. 

In 18-47, Captain Forbes commanded the United States sloop "Jamestown," 
which took a cargo of food from Boston to Cork Harbor, and superintended 
the distribution of the cargo. "While staying at what is now known as Queens- 
town, he became acquainted with the family of Mr. James Scott, a prominent 
merchant there, and corresponded with them for many years. In 1870, he was 
one of the Boston Board of Trade party which made an excursion to California, 
in the first Pullman train that ever crossed the continent. He delivered a lecture 
in San Francisco, in which he contrasted the place as he first saw it in 1825, 
with the noble city whose people had given him and his fellow travellers so 
hearty a welcome. Always an energetic, enterprising man, he was active, use- 
ful and honored to the last. He died in Boston, 23 November, 1809, in his 
eighty-sixth year. He took an interest in many societies ; he became a member 
of the Historic Genealogical Society, 2 February, 1870, and of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society, 10 January, 1361. He was a Worshipper and one of the 
vestry at King's ChapeL 



1892.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 2S1 

Nathan Allen, M.D., LLD., was born at Princeton, Mass., April 13, 1813, 
and was educated in the public and private schools there, before studying medi- 
cine in Philadelphia, which he did soon after graduating at Amherst College in 
1837. He was a diligent student both in College and at the Medical School, and 
distinguished himself by the medical thesis which he wrote upon his graduation 
from the professional school. He devoted himself at that time and for some 
years afterwards to the study of phrenology, which was much in vogue among 
young physicians fifty and sixty years ago, — Dr. Samuel G. Howe and Dr. 
George Combe being among the eminent medical men who favored the hypo- 
thesis of Gall and Spu'rzheim. Although phrenology has lost rank as a science 
since 1850, it was of service both to Dr. Howe and Dr. Allen in turning their 
attention to the material basis of mental operations; to which both of them 
devoted much study in subsequent years. Dr. Allen established himself as a 
physician in Lowell, Mass., when it was a small manufacturing city, but famous 
throughout the world from the character of the operatives who then filled the 
cotton mills of that place. In a long course of years Dr. Allen became more 
familiar, through his extensive practice, with the sanitary needs and disadvan- 
tages of manufacturing towns, — particularly their tendency towards over- 
crowding in tenement houses, and towards the increase of insanity among their 
population, — than most persons of his time. Hence, when by the wise fore- 
sight of Gov. Andrew, a State Board was established in Massachusetts in 18G3, 
to consider the condition of the poor in respect to their health, sanity, support 
and charitable aid, Dr. Allen was one of the first to be appointed a member of 
this oldest Board of State Charities in the United States. He was one of the 
first, and also the last, to serve as chairman of this Board ; and when the new 
Board, with more ample powers, replaced it in 1879, Dr. Allen was appointed by 
his friend and neighbor, Gov. Talbot, a member of the State Board of Health, 
Lunacy and Charity. He was the first chairman of the Lunacy Committee of 
this Board, having previously served as a special Lunacy Commissioner, with 
Wendell Phillips as his colleague. He continued a member of the State Board 
until 1880, when he retired after a continuous service of nearly twenty years; 
during which time he had written most of the essays which were collected a 
few years later in the useful volume which was published by him. 

Besides this great public service rendered by Dr. Allen, he officiated for 
years as consulting physician of the great State Almshouse at Tewksbury, as 
chairman of the City Board of Health in Lowell, as president of the Massa- 
chusetts Medical Society for a single year, and in other positions to which his 
attainments and experience entitled him. He wrote fluently and copiously on 
many subjects, professional or official, and conuected his name with various 
improvements in the charitable system of Massachusetts, and the numerous 
establishments for the insane, the poor, etc., which he visited during a quarter 
of a century. He was also one of the lirst to call attention to what has become 
a familiar topic among economists and statistical writers both in the United 
States and in Europe, — the decreasing birth rate among the native population 
of New England, and the preponderance thus given to recent immigrants and 
their children in this portion of the United States. Connected with these facts, 
which he studied closely and pointed out with clearness, he advanced a theory 
of physical organization somewhat peculiar, and which has not yet recom- 
mended itself to general acceptance. He died in Lowell, January 1, 18S0, in 
consequence of an accident, and was buried amid sincere demonstrations of 
sorrow among the community wiiere he had so long performed the duties of 
the Good Samaritan, which naturally fall to the physician who practises among 
the poor. 

Dr. Allen, who had given a part of his industrious researches to local history 
and genealogy, was elected a resident member of this Society, May 3, 1858, but 
resigned April 1, 1861. He was reelected Jan. 6, 1886. He was faithful to 
whatever he undertook ; was interested in many good causes, and will be 
long remembered by those who were associated with him. He left a widow 
and several daughters, but no son to perpetuate his name. 

By F. B. Sanborn, A.B., of Concord, Mass. 

Rev. David Qci.mby Cusioian-, A.B., a life member, elected to membership 
March 7, 1866, died at Warren, Me., Oct. 13, 1880. He was the sixth child of 
Kenelm and Hannah (Boynton: Nutter) Cushman, of Wiscasset, Maine, and 
was born in that town Dec. 2, 1806. He was the eighth generation in descent 






























" 
















2S2 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jul/, 

from Robert 1 Cnshman, one of the Pilgrim Fathers, through Elder Thomas, 1 
Thomas, 3 Robert, 4 Robert, 5 Robert. 6 and Kenelra 7 Cushman, his father. He 
prepared for college under Rev. Hezekiah Packard, DI)., then the congrega- 
tional minister at Wiscaeset. He entered Bowdoin College in 1826 and was 
graduated in 1830. The year following he taught school, a part of the time in 
New York city. In September, 1831, he entered Andover Theological Seminary, 
and was graduated in 1834. Some months succeeding he was employed bv the 
Maine Missionary Society and preached in the towns of Litchfield, New Sharon 
and Pittston in that state. In the spring of 1835 he went to Millville, Mass., 
on the Blackstone river and in the town of Mendon. He was ordained as an 
evangelist in Millville, June 23, 1&36. He continued as acting pastor at that 
place till November, 1837. On the 7th of February, 1838, he was installed at 
BoDthbay, Me. In May, 1843. he left that place and went to Richmond, Me., 
where he was acting pastor one year. On the 26th of October, 1844, he was 
installed at Newcastle, Me., and remained there till Oct. 27, 1855, also supplying 
Bremen. At Bristol he was acting pastor 1855-6; and May 20, 1857, was in- 
stalled at Warren, where he continued to be the pastor till Aug. 20, 18G3. Pie 
was acting pastor at Bremen 1863-5, and of Hubbardston, Mass., 1865-8. He 
resided at Bath, Me., without charge 1868 to 1886, and afterwards at Warren 
till his death. 

He married, Feb. 13, 1833, Miss Emeline Henry Sewall, daughter of Dea. 
David and Eliza (Crosby) Sewall of Bath, Me., who died March 27, 1836. They 
had one daughter, Emeline Augusta, born June 21, 1341. 

He was the author of " The History of Ancient Sheepscot and Newcastle, 
including Early Pemaquid, Damariseotta and other Contiguous Places," 1882, 
8vo. pp. 458, noticed in the Register for April, 1883, p. 221. He was also the 
author of various pamphlets and newspaper articles. He contributed articles 
to the fourth aud sixth volumes of the Collections of the Maine Historical 
Society. An autobiography, with a portrait, will be found in Lieut. -Gov. 
Cushman's Cushman Genealogy, pp. 376-80. See also Congregational Year 
Book for 1890, pasre 23. 

By John Ward Dean, A.M. 

Frederic Milton Ballou, Esq., a resident member, elected Oct. 3, 1833, 
died at Providence, R. I., May 4, 1889, in his 71st year. He w?s the son of 
Alexander and Fanny (Sweetzer) Ballou, of Cumberland, R. I., and was born in 
that town Junj 21, 1818. He was a descendant in the seventh generation from 
his emigrant ancestor Maturin 1 Ballou, who settled at Providence, through 
James, 2 Obadiah, 3 Rev. Abner, 4 Abner* and Alexander, 6 his father. 

He was educated in the district school on Cumberland Hill. In 1832 he 
entered the counting room of Messrs. W. and Darius D. Farnum, woolen 
manufacturers at Waterford in Blackstone, Mass. In 1840, Mr. D. D. Farnum, 
the junior partner, died, and kis labors fell to Mr. Ballou, who then held the 
position of book keeper. " From this time he was confidential clerk and pay- 
master till 1846, when he was put in charge of the Millville Woolen Mill as 
superintendent. Iu 1848, in company with Evans and Seagrave of Providence, 
he leased the Farnum Mill No. 2, at Waterford, and carried on the manufacture 
of fancy cassimeres till 1856, when on account of sickness he removed to 
Keene, N. H. From 1857 to 1859 he was managing agents of the Broadbrook 
Woolen Mill at Broadbrook, Conn. In 1860 he removed to Providence. He 
resumed business at Waterford, Mass., with his old partners, and continued it 
with good results till 1872, when he retired from active busness in that line." 
He was a director in various banks in Woonsocket, R. I., Keene, N. H., and 
Providence, R. I. He was a member of the Providence city council from 1878 
to 1880, and represented that city in the Rhode Island legislature in 1870 and 
1883. "He was well known in Blackstone valley as a practical woolen manu- 
facturer, a good financier and a systematic business man." He rendered much 
service in the preparation and publication of Adin Ballou's "The Ballous of 
America." See Register, vol. 43. p. 116. 

He married 1st, Sept. 16, 1841, Sarah Allen Arnold, daughter of Elijah and 
Sarah (Allen) Arnold of Srnithfield, R. I. She died Feb. 12, 1813, and he mar- 
ried 2d, July 13, 1847, Nancy Cummings, daughter of Amos and Nancy (Hast- 
ings) Cummings of Marlboro', N. H. By his first wife he had: 1, Charles 
Frederick, born Aug. 4, 1842, died Oct. 29, 1864. By his second wife he had: 
2, William Herbert, born July 17, 1849, who married Lizzie Belle Broughton, 
and is a merchant in Providence. 

By John Ward Dean, A.M. 



1892.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 283 

Abu ah Perkins Marvin, A.M., resident member, was born in Lyme, Conn., 
1 February, 1813. His parents were Asahel and Aznbah (Sill) Marvin. Through 
his father, Asahel, the line ascended through Timothy, Elisha, Reynold, Rey- 
nold, to Reynold who came from England and was in Hartford, Conn., in 
1636, with his brother Mathew, on Front Street, North End. " He settled in 
Farruington, on the Main Street, and afterward in Saybrook, in that part which 
is ou the east side of the Connecticut River, and is now Old Lyme, about half 
way from Lyme Street to Blackball, the seat of the Griswolds." " He, the first 
Reynold, and a captain, was living when Lyme was made a town. Here lived 
and died his son, Lieutenant Reynold, and his grandson, Deacon, Lyme's Cap- 
tain, Reynold. Azubah Sill was descended from Captain Joseph Sill, son of 
John Sill, of Cambridge, Mass. (See Sewall's Diary, Vol. II., p. 257). 

Abijah Marvin attended the district school in Lyme until he was fourteen; 
the next six years he spent in printing offices, doing all parts of the work, 
which, he used to say afterward, was an excellent training for him. He fitted 
for college at thr high school in Brattleboro, Vt., and graduated at Washington, 
(now Trinity) College, Hartford, Conn., in 1839. He took his Master's degree 
in course. 

Mr. Marvin taught in schools of all grades, district, high and private, in the 
academy, and as tutor in college, and all this work he considered an important 
part of his own education. Most of it was clone before entering upon his life 
work, the gospel ministry. He taught a public school in Delaware in 1832-3, 
and a private school in Virginia in 1840-1. After much intercourse with planters 
and sla\ eholders, he came back to the North in 1841, " with the fixed conviction 
that slavery would never be given up without bloodshed. This experience," 
he said, " deepened my abhorrence of slavery, and gave a tone to my life till 
the war closed." 

Mr. Marvin studied theology at New Haven, graduating from the seminary 
there with the class of 1842. "He was ordained, 10 January, 1844, pastor of the 
Congregational Church, YVinchendon Village, now the North Congregational 
Church, Winchendon, and he held this charge until 23 August, 1866. He 
served, for a year or two, as agent of the American Congregational Association r 
and collected money for the purchase of a Congregational House. He was 
associate editor of the Boston Recorder in 1867, and was at Worcester, without 
a charge, in 1869-70. 

Mr. Marvin served as acting pastor of the Congregational Church in Lan- 
caster from 1870 to 1872, and in the latter year (1 May) was installed as its 
pastor. He was dismissed from this charge 21 October, 1875, but continued to 
reside in Lancaster until his death, 19 October, 1889. He was a diligent student 
and writer, and besides some sermons, and articles in the New Englander and 
Bibliotheca Sacra, he published a History of Winchendon, of Lancaster, and 
of Worcester in the War of the Rebellion; he was also the author of a con- 
siderable portion of the History of Worcester County, a work of two large 
octavo volumes. He left the MS. of a Life of Cotton Mather, which, it is 
hoped, will soon be given to the public. 

Mr. Marvin was a member of the Massachusetts Constitutional Convention 
of 1853, representing Winchendon. He became a member of this Society, 2 
April, 1884. He married, 5 March, 1845, Caroline, daughter of Micah and Roxy 
(Richardson) Holbrook. 

Samuel Austin Allibone, A.M., LL.D. — This distinguished author was a 
native of Philadelphia, Pa., where he was born on the 17th of April, 1816. In 
early life he followed a mercantile career, but soon became interested in literary 
pursuits. His first prominent work was "A Review by a Layman of a Work 
entitled 'New Themes for the Protestant Clergy,'" which was published at 
Philadelphia in 1852. This was followed by his lv ' New Themes ' Condemned " 
in 1853. 

The work, however, which has given Mr. Allibone a world-wide fame was his 
"A Critical Dictionary of English Literature and British and American 
Authors." The first volume of this great publication was issued in 1854, and 
on the whole work he labored continuously for upwards of twenty years, the 
second and third volumes not appearing until !87i. The first volume contains 
1005 pages, octavo, the second 1321, and the thira, including the copious indexes 
arranged in departments, 814 ; making a total number for the entire work of 3140 
pages. The author revised the last proof-sheet of his great production on the 
last day of the year 1870. 

VOL. XLVI. 23* 



284 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [July, 

This magnificent evidence of the enterprise, industry, research and good judg- 
ment of its author has commanded the attention of the most eminent scholars 
and authors of recent times. Such men as Prescott. Wiseman, Everett, 
Bancroft, Irving, Sparks, Ticknor, Bryant, Peabody. Macaulay, Holmes, 
Whipple, Hillard, Felton, Winthrop, Beecher, Mann, Willis, Dana, Verplanck, 
Halleck, Whittier and Lossing, with many others, have spoken of it in terms 
of high praise. The work contains over forty-six thousand articles and forty 
indexes of subjects. 

Mr. Allibone was also the author of " An Alphabetical Index to the New 
Testament," published at Philadelphia in 1863 ; "The Divine Origin of the Holy 
Scriptures," 1869; " The Union Bible Companion," 1871 ; " Poetical Quotations, 
British and American, from Chaucer to Tennyson," containing 550 authors, 425 
subjects and 13, GOO quotations, published at Philadelphia in 1873 ; " Prose quota- 
tions from Socrates to Macaulay," Philadelphia, 1876; and "Great Authors of 
all Ages, Selections from Prose Works of Eminent Writers," Philadelphia, 
1879 ; all of which show much discrimination and judgment. Some minor pub- 
lications also attest his industry and research. 

Mr, Allibone took great interest in religious literature. He was the book- 
editor and corresponding secretary of the American Sunday School Union from 
1867 to 1873 and from 1877 to 1879. In the latter year he moved from Phila- 
delphia to New York, and became librarian of the Lenox Library. He was 
elected a corresponding member of the New-England Historic Genealogical 
Society, June 3, 1857, and died at Lucerne, Switzerland, Sept. 2, 1889, aged 
73 years, 4 months and 16 days, leaving a widow who had assisted him in his 
literary labors, and one child, a daughter, the wife of Charles Carver of the 
Philadelphia Bar. 

By 0. B. Stebbins, Esq., of South Boston. 

Rev. Fordyce Mitchell Hubbard, D.D., was the son of Roswell Hubbard, 
and was born at Cummington, Mass., January 13, 1809. Subsequently, the 
family removed to Northampton. He graduated at Williams College in 1823, 
and served as tutor there from 1831 to 1832. In 1829 he married Martha Hen- 
shaw Bates, daughter of the Hon. Isaac Chapman Bates, subsequently U. S. 
senator from Massachusetts. He was rector of an Episcopal church in New- 
bern, N. C, for some years, and was called thence in 1849 to become Professor 
of Latin in the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, which office he held 
till 1868. Soon after the close of the civil war he removed to Manlius. N. Y., 
where he served some years as principal of a school for boys as well as rector 
of a neighboring parish. When his ability to labor ceased, he returned to 
Baleigh, N. C, and after a brief survival was found dead at his bedside in the 
attitude of prayer, 1 September, 1838. 

In the year i860 he received the degree of D.D., both from Trinity College, 
Hartford, Conn., and from Columbia College, N. Y. He was elected a cor- 
responding member of this Society, Dec. 5, 1855. 

By Lewis J. Dudley, Esq., of Northampton, Mass. 

Rev. William Thomas Smithett, D.D., of Omemee, Ontario, Canada, was 
the son of Thomas Davis Smithett, of Dover in Kent, England, and was born in 
that town April 2, 1822. He spent most of his childhood to 1830 in Calais, 
France. From that date he was educated in private schools in Dover. He 
studied for the ministry, and before he was twenty years of age he was ap- 
pointed and commissioned as Lay Reader in the Anglican Church for the foreign 
field, 1841-2. He officiated as lay reader in British Guiana for a number of 
years. He was ordained Deacon Sept. 25, 1845, by the bishop of Guiana in the 
Church of St. George, Georgetown, Demarara. He came to the United States 
and became rector of Grace Church, Honesdale. Pa., in 1849, and was rector of 
the Church of the Ascension. Esopus, and Holy Spirit, Rondout, N. Y., to Nov., 
1851. While located at Esopus he was ordained priest in Grace Church, Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., Sept. 21, 1851. He was instituted rector of Christ Church, Boston, 
Mass., in 1852. In 1860, he was transferred to the diocese of Illinois, and was 
successively rector of Grace Church, Galesbargh; Emmanuel Church. Rock- 
ford; and St. Matthew's, Kenosha, to 1868. He was appointed in August, 1S63, 
to the incumbency of Hastings and Norwood on the Trent, diocese of Toronto, 
Canada. Thence he was transferred to the incumbency of Lindsay, 1871, and 
lastly was inducted as rector of the church at Omemee, Sept., 1881. He died 















. 



1892.] Booh Notices. 285 

there 'March 24-, 1838, in his sixty-sixth year. He was elected a resident mem- 
ber of this Society Feb. 3, 1858, and a corresponding member Dec, 7, 1850. He 
received the decree of A.M. from Norwich University, Vt., 1856, and that of 
D.D. from Nebraska College, 1873. 

He married, Feb. 3, 184-5, in St. Peter's Church, Leguan, British Guiana, 
Sarah Rogers Gordon, born in Liverpool, England, June 26, 1825. They had 
children : 1, William Brett, born in Leguan, Jan. 22, 1846; 2, Christiana Frances, 
born on Essequebo, Nov. 26, 1847; 3 and 4, a son and a daughter boru and died, 
in Esopus, N. Y. ; 5, Sarah Elizabeth Gordon, born in Boston, Aug. 12, 1852; 
6, Charles Edward Boxer, born in Boston, April 6, 1355; 7, Mary Hamilton, 
born in Boston, May 15, 1857; 8, Charlotte Agnes, born, in Boston, April 16, 
1859; and 9, Alfred, born and died in Galesburgh, 1862. 

By John Ward Dean, A.M. 



BOOK NOTICES. 



The editor requests person? sending books for notice to stp.te, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 
mail. 



The Genesis of the Massachusetts Town, and the Development of Town-Meeting 
Government. By Charles Francis Adams, Abner C. Goodell, Jr., Mellen 
Chamberlain and Edward Channing. [Reprinted from the Proceedings of 
the Massachusetts Historical Society, January, 1892.] Cambridge: John 
Wilson & Son, University Press. 1892. Pamphlet. 8vo. pp. 94. 
These important papers, the productions of our best students in colonial and 
provincial history, deserve careful attention ; for they reach conclusions dif- 
ferent from those hitherto accepted by historians. If these are to stand, much 
current Massachusetts early history will need revision. Undoubtedly, in 
England, the Massachusetts Bay Company, the parent of the Colony, was an 
association of London merchants, similar to the Dorchester adventurers and 
others. As, with the bringing of the charter to this side of the water, the 
commercial organization developed, gradually, into the government of a com- 
munity, otherwise ungoverned, and took upon itself the elements of statehood, 
so the individual constitutent communities, unincorporated, assumed the only 
form of democracy, or home rule, with which they were familiar and in which 
only were they experienced. It was so in the Plymouth settlement, ten years 
previous. English law and liberty, in like manner, had at an earlier date blos- 
somed into civil government at Pemaquid and Sagadahoc in New England and 
at Jamestown in Virginia. This method of proceeding was that of the parish 
of England, itself the creature of the Conqueror, by virtue of his Norman 
sapience from the Saxon tithing and gemot and the Norsk thing. The very 
names and duties of the official are competent evidence. The settlers had no 
love for the parish as a system of church and state union. They were not 
tolerant. Neither they nor their oppressors knew the blessing of living together 
in unity. They were resolved to have none others than those of like opinions 
with themselves. But, beyond all, they were Englishmen, and, stern as they 
were in anti-prelacy and anti-papistry, they were resolved that the folkmeet 
should not deal with things spiritual, and the church should not meddle with 
things temporal. They did not essay this as an experiment, but entered directly 
upon its accomplishment in their town meetings. There was no preamble, no 
written constitution : but, far better, there was the resolute determination of 
free, independent wills. In that way only they proposed to live. The freedom 
of the town meeting often appeared in the meetings of the church, and the cant 
phrases " of the godly" in the records of the meetings for prudential affairs; 
for their constituencies were nearly identical. With the march of time, the two 
have grown wide apart; the one is the valued, cherished source and guardian of 
the liberties of all New England; the other is the proud possession, of a sect, 
whose influence far outweighs its numbers. 



286 Book Notices. [July, 

Mr. Adams clearly sets forth the parallel between the commercial enterprises 
of the 17th and the 19th centuries. The " planters" are the stockholders; the 
executive head, the " Governor," is now the president; the " selectmen " are the 
directors; the '• General Court " are the regular stated meetings ; the " planta- 
tion " is, today, the railroad or other company whose charter is the source of 
the right to do business. The plantation meetings were held for the making of 
rates, as the tax list was then denominated, for the ordering of prudential 
and material affairs, for providing for the common defence and for the election 
of officers. As, with the growth of the settlements, these interests become para- 
mount, the meetings become town meetings and go upon record. The plantation 
meetings, strictly so-called, were of a private nature, purely financial, and are 
not upon the town record. It is not improbable, thinks Dr. Chanuiug, that some 
of these plantation records may yet be found in England. 

All lovers of our local history will read these papers with large interest. The 
discussion is forcible, and by the ablest minds conversant with the subject. If 
they do not lead to exact and definite conclusions, it is because, in the present 
state of historical knowledge, the data for exactitude are not attainable. 
Whichever of the views, maintained by these gentlemen, may be accepted by the 
reader, none will gainsay the conclusion of Judge Chamberlain, that these towns 
" after a few years learned to manage their municipal affairs with such wisdom 
and success that, in the course of time, they so enlarged their views that, with- 
out overstepping the bounds the law had set up, they became a power which 
modified the action of the government, and, in the fulness of time, most effectual 
agencies in the dismemberment of the empire, and so famous throughout the 
civilized world." 

It is greatly to be regretted that many of the authorities quoted exist only in 
manuscript, some in the hands even of private parties. As such they are liable 
to decay, depredation and destruction. If the towns themselves cannot see 
their duty in preservation, by printing, of these priceless records, it would seem 
a proper place for the exercise of the eminent domain of the Commonwealth, 
either by entrance itself upon the work, or injunction by statute upon the 
towns, parishes and counties with whom the records now are. 

By George A. Gordon, A.M., of Somerxille, Mass. 

History of the town of Oxford, Massachusetts, with genealogies and notes on persons 
and estates. By George F. Daniels. Oxford : published by the Author with 
co-operation of the Town. 18 ( J2. 1 vol. 8vo. pp. 856. Price $4.00, or $4.30 
when sent by mail. 

Every native of this ancient town, unsurpassed by inland towns of Massa- 
chusetts for beauty of location, will welcome this volume with pride. The 
community was never incorporated as a town, but grew into form and endow- 
ment as an existent fact recognized by common consent. It took its place 
among the out-lying frontier towns of two centuries ago unquestioned. The 
proprietary interest of the beautiful, extensive plain, on whose well- watered, 
productive soil it was located, was granted by the general court and confirmed, 
as its owners claimed, "by the Kingdon of Great Britain." The remarkable 
settlement of the Huguenots here was the salient point in its early history. 
These gentle, polished refugees, lacking the grit and gristle of the English 
recusants, were unable to cope w T ith the hostility of the wild Indian and 
abandoned their improvements. After the Indian war was closed ana the new 
century advanced a dozen years, Englishmen, from other towns in the colony, 
resettled and occupied the spot. This was permanent. Their garrisons over- 
awed the remnant of the savages. The ecclesiastical interests, as elsewhere, 
dominated the civil; and the meagre taxes w r ere steadily fortified by encroach- 
ments upon non-residents and absentees, who held titles to some estates. In 
1720, a " Gospel Church" was formed and, in 1721, Rev. John Campbell from 
the north of Scotland was ordained, and spent the remainder of his life among 
this people. He soon became the most influential citizen in political and social 
affairs. He was the minister, the physician, the judge and the peace-maker of 
the little community. Good reasons are given for the belief that he was a 
political refugee, and that from him rightfully proceeds the inheritance of the 
Scottish earldom of Loudon. In 173.') the earliest school was established. The 
population had reached the limit whereat the statute required the provision of a 
school-master; so the town voted liberally, and private contributions made up 



1892.] Booh Notices. 287 

the deficit. In 1788 district schools were established, in 1853 a grammar school, 
and in 1856 a high school. These several items, with ample exhibition of the 
military and business career of the inhabitants, Mr. Daniels has felicitously set 
forth in paragraphs with appropriate headings. A chapter on the " Older Home- 
steads " is unique and embodies most valuable information. It traces the several 
homesteads under the title of their earliest owner, through the conveyances, to 
the present holders; furnishing ready means for the determination of ancestral 
estates and the location of family residences. 

We are very glad to rind that one half the volume, and more than half the 
contents, is devoted to the genealogies of all whose names appear on the records 
of the town down to 1850. Each notice of the heads of families, and their 
prominent members, is accompanied with pertinent remarks, descriptive and 
characteristic of the individuals. This is a very graceful addition to the 
ordinary interest of genealosry. Many quaint, engaging and valuable documents, 
traditions, incidents and miscellaneous matters, unused in the general history, 
are grouped under appropriate headings in an appeudix. Separate Indices for 
the history proper, of names in the genealogy out of alphabetical order, and of 
the homesteads, are supplied at the close of the volume. 

The editorial labors, which must have been very large, are well done, the book 
is well printed on good paper by Mr. Charles Hamilton, of Worcester, and 
deserves a place in every public library. Other towns in South Worcester, 
carved from the ancient limits of Oxford, should supplement this volume with 
like histories of themselves. The illustrations, consisting chiefly of views, land- 
scapes and scenery in and about the town, are unusually beautiful. They are 
well executed by Mr. W. P. Allen, of Gardner. 

By George A. Gordon, A.M., of Somerville, JIass. 

The Sabbath in Puritan New England. By Alice Morse Earle. New York. 
Charles Scribner's Sons. 1891. University Press : John Wilson & Son, Cam- 
bridge. 12 mo. pp. 335. 

It is impossible to do justice in the small space allotted me, to the many 
beauties and excellencies of the book before me. After carefully reading and 
re-reading it, the first thought that comes uppermost in my mind is, that no 
lover of history, no lover of good literature, can afford to be without so valu- 
able a work, a work evidently the result of years of patient labor, of careful 
research,' and of earnest lov-e for all that was beautiful and noble in the lives 
of the early dwellers in New England, lives full of toil and suffering, yet upheld 
by a firm faith in the justice and mercy of God. 

How touching is the following picture of a scene in public worship : "I 
have seen within a few years, in a country church, a feeble, white-haired old 
deacon rise tremblingly at the preacher's solemn words " Let us unite in prayer," 
and stand with bowed head throughout the long prayer; thus pathetically cling- 
ing to the reverent custom of the olden time, he rendered tender tribute to 
vanished youth, gave equal tribute to eternal hope and faith, and formed a 
beautiful emblem of patient readiness for the last solemn summons." 

The book contains a wealth and variety of information bearing upon the 
colonial history of our dearly-loved New England, and cannot fail to be of the 
greatest interest to all who dwell in New England, or who have New-England 
blood in their veins. The writer is thoroughly in sympathy with her subject, 
and, though of Puritan descent, does not hesitate to criticise some features of 
the Puritan belief and of the customs and habits of the people. She does not, 
however, fail to render due justice and praise to their simple, manly, God-fear- 
ing lives. Gladly would I quote, if space permitted, her graphic account of the 
pathetic yet noble confession of Judge Sewall— that splendid type of the Puritan 
character — of his terrible mistake in condemning to death the poor victims of 
the witchcraft delusion. The writer is the fortunate possessor of a remarkably 
clear and charming style, and her book abounds iu many witty passages and 
turns of thought. It will be of special interest to those of an antiquarian turn 
of mind, as the author has drawn from many and varied sources of information, 
not easily accessible to the general reader. 

I cannot better close this imperfect notice than by quoting the following 
passage from the last chapter of the book : " What those brave, stern men and 
women were, as well as what they looked, is known to us all, and cannot be 
dwelt upon here, any more than can here be shown and explained the decails of 





















- 















288 Booh Notices. [July, 

their religious faith and creed. Patient, frugal, God-fearing and industrious, 
cruel and intolerant sometimes, but never cowardly, sternly obeying the word 
of God in the spirit and the letter, but erring sometimes in the interpretation 
thereof, — surely they had no traits to shame us, to keep us from thrilling with 
pride at the drop of their blood which runs in our backsliding veins. Nothing 
can more plainly show their distinguishing characteristics, nothing is so fully 
typical of the motive, the spirit of their lives, as their reverent observance of 
the Lord's day." 

By Rev. Daniel Rollins, of Boston, Mass. 

The Vital Record of Rhode Island, 1636-1850. By James N. Arnold. Vols. 
II. and III. Providence County. Pages xxxix., 397; xxxv., 443. Provi- 
dence, EI.: Published by the Narragausett Historical Publishing Company. 
Price $5.00 each in cloth. 

These valuable volumes are now ready for delivery. Volume II. contains the 
City of Providence and the Towns of Cranston, Johnston and North Providence; 
Vol. III. the Towns of Gloucester, Burrillville, Scituate, Foster, Cumberland 
and Smithfield. 

Providence is the largest and most populous County in the State, having more 
than two-thirds of its inhabitants. This work, therefore, embracing as it does 
every birth, marriage and death, as recorded in the records of the various 
Towns, from 1636 to 1850, must prove a valuable assistant as a work of refer- 
ence unto every student who shall have occasion to consult its pages. Every 
marriage is given at length under the groom, with book and page of the original 
record. This, as far as possible, is continued in the births and deaths. Every 
item of value in the original record is here presented in each instance. Every 
Town has its separate pagination as well as its indexes, which are arranged so as 
to show : i. The names of the families given in the body of the work.- ii. The 
names occurring promiscuously, iii. The names of places mentioned in the text. 
These indexes, if first consulted, will at once give the name or place souirht 
for, and save therefore much valuable time to the reader, whose time for research 
is limited. The marriages are arranged in a very natural manner, giving first 
the earliest one of the name in the record and followed by each one of that name 
chronologically to 1850. The births are given in groups showing the members 
of the family in natural order, and followed by other families of that name, in 
similar order, down to 1850. The deaths are given strictly chronologically. 

In brief, the plan of the compiler is to reflect, as near as possible, the order of 
the original record, at the same time to give a presentation of the matter treated 
so that it will be at once understood by the reader. 

Those who have examined the first volume of this work (Kent County) have 
expressed themselves very decidedly in its favor, particularly in its natural 
arrangement ; many of them have pronounced it a model for future works of 
like character. 

The two volumes make a total of 914 pages, imperial quarto size, and contain 
more than 62,000 separate items. It is printed at the lowest price possible con- 
sistent with successful publication. * * * 

History of Bethel, formerly Sudbury Canada, Oxford County, Maine,, 1768-1890. 

With a Brief Sketch of Hanover and Family Statistics. Compiled by William 

B. Latham. Augusta, Me. : Press of Maine Parmer. 189i. 8vo. pp. xv.-f- 

688. 

The town of Bethel in Maine was originally the plantation of Sudbury Canada. 
It was granted to the descendants of soldiers who went from Sudbury, Mass., 
and the adjacent towns, on the Expedition to Canada in 1690. A petition for 
such a grant was presented to the Massachusetts General Court in 1737 and 
another in 1768. In June of the latter year a township in the District of Maine 
was granted to the petitioners, situated on both sides of the Amariscoggin river. 
Several years after a settlement was begun there, and gradually it grew to be a 
flourishing plantation. In June, 1796. it was incorporated as a town by the name 
of Bethel, a name said to have been suggested by the Rev. Eliphaz Chapman. 

Dr. Lapham, the author of the work before us, has had much experience in 
compiling works upon local and family history. As was to be expected he has 
here presented to the natives and citizens of Bethel a faithful and exhaustive 
history of that town — a town in which he, himself, spent the earliest years of 



1892.] Booh Notices. 289 

his life, and even then interested himself in gathering from all accessible sources 
the facts and romance in its annals. 

The book is handsomely printed, profusely illustrated and well indexed. Two 
hundred pages or nearly one-third of the work is devoted to genealogy, so much 
sought for in these days. 

An Official Tour along the Eastern Coast of the Urgency of Tunis, Geography and 
History of the Country, and Manners and Customs of the People. By Amos 
Perry, LL.D. Providence, R. I. : Standard Printing Company. 1801. 8vo. 
pp. iv.+llO. Price $1.00. Address, Amos Perry, Providence, R. I. 
Dr. Amos Perry, the secretary and librarian of the Rhode Island Historical 
Society, held from 18G2 to 1867 the office of United States consul at Tunis. In 
1869, he published an elaborate work entitled "Carthage and Tunis, Past and 
Present," an octavo of five hundred pages. The pamphlet before us is enlarged 
from a sketch designed by the author to illustrate a part of his book on Car- 
thage, and was intended to be inserted in the appendix to that work, but was 
crowded out by other matter. This " revised and enlarged sketch lias a broader 
scope. It is virtually a supplement to the larger work. It furnishes statistics 
and material facts that show changes that have taken place during the last 
quarter of a century, together with the present condition and future prospects of 
the country." 

We have here a narrative of the author's official visits to places of historic 
interest in that country, with notices of prominent persons whom he met. por- 
traits of some of whom are given. The work is written in an agreeable style. 
At this time, when so much interest is manifested in the continent of Africa, this 
pamphlet will be read with interest, and its 20 engraved illustrations, including 
a map of the country, will prove decidedly attractive. 

American Commonwealths. Vermont, a Study of Independence. By Rowland 

E. Robinson*. Boston and New York: Houghton. Mifflin & Company. The 

Riverside Press, Cambridge. 1892. 18mo. pp. vi.-{-370. Price SI. 25. 

Messrs. Houghton, Mifflin & Co. are publishing several popular series of 

biographical and historical volumes. — the titles of which are : American Men 

of Letters, American Statesmen, American Religious Leaders and American 

Commonwealths. The last named series is edited by Horace E. Scudder, and 

is devoted to histories of the several states of the. union. Thirteen volumes of 

this series have been issued, the last of which is that before us on the state of 

Vermont, by Rowland E. Robinson. 

Early in the seventeenth century, in 1609, Champlain saw the western shores 
of Vermont, and twenty years later Sir Ferdinaudo Gorges and Capt. John 
Mason planned a settlement, and hoped for profitable trade in peltry, on its 
territory, but their wild hopes were doomed to disappointment, for their scouts 
never reached the grant. Mr. Robinson has made a useful and interesting book. 
He calls it "A Study of Independence." and certainly his book shows that the 
people of Vermont have exhibited that quality in a marked degree. The reader 
of this volume will be well repaid for its study. 

A History of the Town of Haddam and East Ho.ddam. By David D. Field, A.M. 
Middletown : Printed by Loomis & Richards. 1814. 200 copies reprinted 
for Charles L. Woodward, New York. 1892. Sm. 8vo. pp. 48-f-l. 
This book was originally printed over three quarters of a century ago, and has 
for many years been one of the rarest of rare American local histories. We 
think it is the earliest of the Rev. Dr. Field's contributions to historical litera- 
ture, and it shows the same care and industry which he exhibited in his later 
books. Mr. Woodward has done a service to collectors of Americana by giving 
them an exact reprint of the work. 

Vital Statistics of Seymour, Conn. Vol. II. To Dec. 31. 1891. Compiled by 
W. C. Sharpe, Record Print, Seymour, Conn. 1892. 8vo. pp. 59. Sold at 
the Record office. Price 81 : by mail, $1.06. 
The first volume of this book was published in 1881, and was noticed by us in 

April. 18s3. It is said to have been the first instance in which the vital statistics 

of a Connecticut town were printed, with the exception of the Woodbury 

records, published by the Hon. William Cothren in 1879. 












.'•■' 



290 Booh Notices. [July, 

This volume contains the records of births, marriages and deaths from 1883 to 
to the close of 1891. 

We have frequently spoken of the importance of printing town records, and 
by this means preserving them from destruction, and making them available to 
a wider circle of genealogical students. We are glad to see the growing interest 
in this subject. We commend the present work to our readers. 

A Manuscript containing Lancashire Church Notes and Tricking of Arms made in 

the Years 1564 to 1598. Rendered in blazon by J. Paui/Ryl*.nos, F.S.A. 

For Private Circulation. Liverpool: T. Brackett Limited. 1892. 8vo. 

pp. 22. 

The manuscript which is the basis of this pamphlet belongs to a personal 
friend of Mr. Rylands. It is " apparently a Herald's note-book of the time of 
Queen Elizabeth." Two Lancashire Rolls of Arms of the times of Edward III. 
and Henry VIII. were printed by Mr. Rylands in the Transactions of the His- 
toric Society of Lancashire and Cheshire for the year 1885. New Series, vol. i., 
pp. 118-60. The remainder of the manuscript, which consists of twelve leaves, 
are given in this pamphlet with the exception of some confused and mutilated 
pedigrees which occupy the first four leaves. 

Mr. Rylands has done a good service for genealogists, particularly those in- 
terested in Lancashire families, in transcribing and editing these notes. They 
will "materially assist those engaged upon the history of the churches and 
families " to which they refer. The pamphlet is a reprint from the Transactions 
of the above-named society. 

Biographical Notes of Doctor Matthew Sutcliffe, Dean of Exeter, 1588-1629. By 

Frances B. Troup. 8vo. pp. 28. 

This is a paper read at Tiverton, July, 1891, before the Devonshire Association 
for the Advancement of Science, Literature and Art, and has been reprinted 
from the Transactions of that Association, vol. 23, pp. 171-19G. 

The author of this pamphlet is an American lady of historical tastes, who has 
resided several years near Exeter in Devonshire, England, and who is a con- 
tributor to the Register. Her interest in Dr. Sutcliffe, who was Dean of the 
cathedral church of Exeter, arose, we presume, from the fact that he was early 
interested in the settlement of New England. She has given us much new mat- 
ter concerning the doctor in the very interesting paper here printed. The will 
of Dean Sutcliffe and a list of his works, the latter tilling nearly five pages, are 
appended. We hope that Mrs. Troup will find time to prepare more such papers. 

The Library and Cabinet of the Bhode-Island Historical Society. Their Origin 
and Leading Features, together with a classified summary of their Contents. By 
Amos Perry, Librarian and Cabinet Keeper. Providence : Printed for the 
Society by Snow & Farnham. 1891. 8vo. pp. 24. 
This is a carefully compiled and useful pamphlet. The Society has a rich 

collection of historical manuscripts and a valuable library of printed books. 

Southern Historical Society's Papers. Vol. XVIII. Edited by R. A. Brock, 

Secretary of the Southern Historical Society. Richmond, Va. : Published by 

the Society. 1890. 8vo. pp. 439. 
Southern Historical Society's Papers. Vol. XIX. Edited by R. A. Brock. 

Richmond, Va. : Published by the Society. 1891. 8vo. pp. 420. Sent free to 

members. Other subscribers $3 per annum. 

The object of publishing these papers is well stated in the prospectus of the 
secretary of the Society and editor of these volumes, to be " to collect and pre- 
serve for the future historian material for a true history of the causes, progress 
and results of the great war for Southern Independence, while at the same time 
regard will be paid to the general history of the Southern States." 

Extended notices of previous volumes have been given by us. From thern 
our readers have learned the character of the contents of this useful series. 
We need only add that the two volumes before us are equally valuable with 
their predecessors ; and repeat what has before been said in these pages : '• No 
library, public or private, which pretends to historic fulness, cau afford to be 
without these volumes." 

The annual assessment of members of this Society is $3. Life membership 
is fifty dollars. 



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1892.] Book Notices. 291 

Genealogical Gleanings in England. By Henry F. Waters, A.M. Extracts 

from the Marriage Licenses granted by the Bishop of London, 1593 to 1639. 

Salem, Mass. : Salem Press Publishing and Printing Co. 1S92. 8vo. pp. 107. 

This is a valuable contribution to genealogical literature. A collection of ex- 
tracts from the register of the Marriage Licenses issued by the Bishop of Lon- 
don, made by Col. Chester, . was published by the Harleian Society in 1687. 
Those extracts begun in 1520 and ended in 1828. Mr. Waters has confined his ex- 
tracts to a briefer period — one during which items relating to the settlers of New 
England would be most likely to be found, and has made a special effort to 
collect New England names. " Of the four hundred and ninety-nine extracts of 
marriage licenses," says Mr. Waters in his preface, " two hundred and six are 
to be found in Col. Cnester's collection, and two hundred and ninety-three do 
not appear there. * * * Of the two hundred and six which Col. Chester has, 
forty-seven are virtually the same as his (with occasional diverse reading) ; but 
the large number of one hundred and fifty-nine contain additional information, 
some of it of great genealogical value, as any one may see who will take the 
trouble to compare them. In case of diverse readiugs of the same facts, which 
will occasionally be noticed, I can only refer the reader to the original record 
to establish the proper reading. I have no doubt that in some cases Colonel 
Chester's reading will be found the correct one and in some cases mine. I have 
yet to see the transcriber who is always right. 

" Of the two hundred and ninety-three entries not found in Colonel Chester's 
collection, only eighteen appear previous to 1G27, while two hundred and seventy- 
five occur in the years 1627-1G39 ; and, of the two hundred and six entrieswhich 
are also in Chester, one hundred and eighty occur before 1G27, but only twenty- 
six afterwards. This may be accounted for by the fact that he seems to have 
made a very thorough examination of the Vicar General's Books, which, he 
says, contain no marriage licenses between March 22, 1G26-7, and the period at 
which I stopped my examination of the Bishop's Registry. The conclusion to 
which I am forced is that Colonel Chester made but a very hurried and incom- 
plete examination of the Bishop's Registry and must, in fact, have omitted not 
simply hundreds but even thousands of items. It seems to me, therefore, quite 
worth the while for all whose lines of ancestry run back into the Diocese of 
London to make a careful examination of the Bishop's Registry from and after 
1627." 

Much new light is thrown on New England family history by the extracts 
here printed, and many difficulties have been cleared up by them. The pamphlet 
is a reprint from the Historical Collections of the Essex institute for 1891. 

The Somerville Journal Souvenir of the Semi Centennial, 1842-1892. Published 
and Printed by the Somerville Journal Co., March 3, 1892. Folio, pp. x.+i-i. 
Price 25 cents. 

This souvenir of the semi-centenary celebration of the incorporation of Somer- 
ville preserves much of the local history of that city. The town was incorpo- 
rated March 3, 1842, and the celebration was held on the 17th of June last, the 
anniversary of the battle of Bunker Hill. A striking feature of this souvenir is 
the numerous portraits of prominent citizens of Somerville, which are accom- 
panied by sketches of the lives of the several individuals. There are also many 
views of buildings with accounts of them, and other embellishments. The en- 
gravings are in the half-tone process and are all excellent, particularly the por- 
traits. Articles on the early, the revolutionary and the later history of Somer- 
ville are also found here. 

Putnam's Monthly Historical Magazine. Published by Eben Putnam, Salem 
Press, U. S. A. May, 1892. Royal 8vo. pp. 40. Price 25 cents, or §2 a year. 
This magazine is a continuation of the Salem Press Historical and Genealogical 
Pecord, noticed in previous issues. Eight quarterly numbers, making two annual 
volumes of the Pecord, have appeared. The magazine is now changed from a 
quarterly to a monthly, and it is brought out with a new title. The number be- 
fore us begins with an excellent sketch of Gen. Israel Putnam by the Rev. 
Alfred P. Putnam, D.D., which is followed by Mr. Treat's Genealogical Glean- 
ings in England; Georgetown, Maine, Records; Mary Endicott'c Diary; Revo- 
lutionary Soldiers; and Notes. We wish the work abundant success in its new 
departure. 

VOL. XLVI. 24 



292 Book Notices. [Julj, 

Journal of a Journey over the Mountains, by George Washington, while Surveying 
for Lord Thomas Fairfax, Baron of Cameron, in the Northern Neck of Virginia, 
beyond the Blue Bid ge, in 1747-8. Copied from the Original with Literal 
Exactness, and edited with Notes, bv J. M. Toner, M.D. Albany, N. Y. : 
Joel Muusell's Sons, Publishers, 1892. Fcp. 4to. pp. 144. 
Dr. Toner has long been engaged in collecting accurate copies of all of the 
writings of Washington which he could obtain. " Wherever he found it practi- 
cable to "examine and critically compare even his geueially accepted writings 
with the originals, it has been and will be done, to secure a copy of exact and 
verified conformity, in every particular, with the text as it left the hand of the 
writer." 

The book before us is the first of a series of Washington's writings printed 
with literal exactness which Dr. Toner has undertaken to prepare for the press 
and to issue. This will be a valuable series of volumes. The present work is the 
earliest literary eflbrt of Washington, if we except his version of the " Rules of 
Civility and Decent Behaviour in Company and Conversation." The journal 
was begun when the writer was bnt one month over sixteen years of age. It is 
here printed entire and verbatim, with many useful notes by the editor. The 
book is illustrated by ten facsimiles of Washington's plans and other drawings. 
It will be sought by those who wish to own Washington's writings exactly a3 
they were written by him. 

Tributes to Shakespeare. Collected and Arranged by Mary R. SrLSBY. New 
York: Harper & Brothers, Printers and Publishers. 1892. 18mo. pp. xvi.+ 
246. Price $1.25. 

This collection of poetical tributes to him who " was not of an age, but for 
all time," was happily conceived and has been as happily executed. The selections 
range in time from the year 1595 to the present day. The tributes written during 
Shakespeare's life or by those who were his contemporaries are more numerous 
than is generally believed, and are truly appreciative. Mrs. Silsby is to be 
congratulated on the number and variety of the poems she has collected in 
this volume. They show a wide range of thought. The poetic admirers of the 
bard of Avon embrace much of the highest genius and talent. 

Lane Genealogies, Volume I. William Lane of Boston, Mass., 1648, including 
the Eecords of Edmund J. Lane and James P. Lane. Capt. John Lane of York 
County, Maine, 1693. Capt. John Lane of Fishersjield, N. H, 1737. By Rev. 
Jacob Chapman and Rev. James H. Fitts. Exeter, N. H. : Printed by John 
Templeton. 1891. 8vo. pp. 296. Price $3. Sold by Rev. Jacob Chapman, 
Exeter, N. H. 

Genealogy of the Family of George Weekes of Dorchester, Mass. Part II. Com- 
prising Ancient History of this and other British Families, with Additional 
History of American Families. By Robert D. Weekes. 1892. Newark, N. J. : 
Press of L. J. Hardham. Royal *8vo. pp. viii.+174. 

History and Genealogy of the Hoagland Family in America from their First Settle- 
ment in New Amsterdam, 1638 to 1891. From Data furnished mainly by 
Daniel Hoagland Carpenter. Published by Dr. Cornelius N. Hoagland. 
8vo. pp. 276. 

The American Genealogical Becord, giving the Genealogy and History of Some 
American Families tracing their Ancestry to Ante-Bevolutionary Times. Vol. 
I. The Stephens Family with Collateral Branches. By Edward Stephens 
Clark, M.D. San Francisco: Jos. Winterburn Company, Printers. 1892. 
8vo. pp. viii.-fl85. To be obtained of E. S. Clark, M.D., 16 Geary Street, 
San Francisco, Cal. 

Genealogical History of the Allen Family and of some of their Connections. By 
Mrs. Frances M. Stoddard. Boston : Privately Printed. 1891. 8vo. pp. 135. 

Notes Historiques sur L' Origine de la Famille Gill de Saint- Frangois du Lac et 
Saint- Thomas de Pierreville et Histoire de ma Propre Famille. Par Charle3 
Gill, Juge de la Cour Superieure. Montreal: Eusebe Senecal & Fils, Impri- 
meurs-Editeurs. 1887. Sq. 16mo. pp. 96. 

Notes AMitionnelles a L Histoire de la Famille Gill. Par Charles Gill, Juge 
de la Cour Superieure. Montreal : Eusebe Senecal, Imprimeure-Euiteura. 
1889. Sq. 16mo. pp. 30. 



1892.] Book Notices. 293 

Family Becords of Joseph Alexander de Chabrier de Beloubet, the First of the 
Name in the United States, with the Funeral Address of his Eldest Son, L. F. M. 
Chabrier Beloubet, icbo died Nov. 2S, 1885. 1892. Printed for the Family. 
Sm. 4to. pp. 37. 

Pedigree of King of Salem, Essex County, Mass., 1595-1887. Five Lines of 
Descent'traced by Rufus King of Yonkers, New York. Broadside 22 in. by 
26 in. One hundred copies printed. 

Genealogical Gleanings relating to the Eelleys of Brentwood, N. H., and kindred 
families of Edgerly, Shute, Robinson, Hancock and Cleveland. By William 
Henry Kelley, correspond ins; member of the New-England Historic Genea- 
logical Society, Saint Paul, Minn. 1892. 8vo. pp. 42. 

Genealogy of the Booth Family in England and the United States; being a Com- 
pilation of the Bedigrees of the English Line, and of the Descendants of Bichard 
Booth of Connecticut, U S. A., down to the family of the Compiler. By Walter 
S. Booth, Minneapolis, Minn. 1S92. 12mo. pp. 25. 

A Meeting of the Descendants of Ebenezer and Mary (Howard) Taft, at the Chest- 
nut Hill Meeting-Bouse in Blackstone, Mass., Tuesday, August 11, 1891, with 
the Address of Rev. Carlton A. Staples, and other Broceedings of that Occasion. 
8vo. pp. 28. George H. Ellis, Printer, Boston, Mass. 

A History of the Putnam Family in England and America. By Eben Putnam. 
Part Ix. ' Salem: May, 1892. 8vo. 64 pages. Edition 300 copies. Issued 
only to subscribers. Price $6 in advance for the whole work. 

Origin and Genealogy of the Hildreth Family of Lowell, Mass. Compiled by 
Captain Philip Reade, United States Army. * 1892. 8vo. pp. 71. Printed at 
Lowell, Mass. 

The Starkeys of New England and the Descendants of George Lawrence. By 
Miss Emily Wilder Leavitt. Boston : David Clapp & Son, Printers. 1892. 
8vo. pp. 10. 

Th,e Historical Journal of the More Family. Davtd F. More, Editor. Vol.1. 
No. I. Newark, N. J. 1892. Royal 8vo. pp. 12. 

Additional Notes on the Family of Winckley. No. II. 8vo. pp. 3. No. III. 8vo. 
pp. 14. 

The Olin Souvenir. Copyright secured by C. C. Olin of Indianapolis, Ind. 
Price 15 cents. 

We continue in this number our quarterly notices of recent publications re- 
lating to genealogy. 

The Lane Genealogy, the first book on our list, is prepared in a thorough 
manner. The volume is the result of the labors of various individuals running 
through a century and a quarter. About 1765, Dea. Jeremiah Lane of Hampton 
Falls, N. H., prepared a genealogical chart of his branch of the family. His 
brother, Dea. Samuel Lane, of Stratham, N. EL, also preserved much genealo- 
gical information in his diary. A grandson of the latter, Dea. Edmund J. Lane 
of Dover, N. H., continued the work of his grandfather and great-uncle, and a 
small portion of his collections were printed in the Register, vol. 37, pp. 176-81. 
The work was continued by Rev. James P. Lane, who contributed an article to 
the Register, vol. 42, pp. 141-52. Both of these gentlemen are dead, and their 
genealogical collections have been placed in the hands of Rev. Messrs. Chapman 
and Fitts, experienced investigators of family history, who have bestowed great 
labor upon the work in completing the genealogy and preparing it for the press. 
We understand that the chief work on this first volume is by Rev. Jacob Chap- 
man, author of genealogies of the Folsom, the Philbrick, the Weeks and the 
Chapman families, which have been noticed by us in former years. The present 
work will add to his reputation. It is carefully compiled, handsomely printed 
and thoroughly indexed. 

The book on the Weekes family is by Mr. Robert D. Weekes of East Orange, 
N. J., who, in 1885, published a book of nearly live hundred pages on the de- 
scendants of George Weekes. which book was noticed by us in our number for 
January, 1886. This second part of his book contains matters collected in the 
six years and over since it was published. The author spent several weeks in 
England in the summer of 1890, and visited the ancient homes of his family in 



294 hook Notices. [July, 

Devonshire, and some of the illustrations in this book are reproductions of 
photographic views obtained there- The book is well compiled and makes a 
handsome volume. 

The book on the Hoagland family is divided into four books, the first of 
which is devoted to the Origin of the Name and the Early Settlement in America; 
the second to the genealogy of Coernelis Diercksen Hoochlandt; the third to 
the genealogy of Christotfel Hoaglandt; and the fourth to the genealogy of 
Dierck Jansen Hoagland. The family came from Holland, and, though the 
author does not claim to have cleared the origin of the name of all obscurity, he 
thinks there is good reason for deriving it from the Dutch word for highland. 
The name is found in this country as early as 1638. The book shows great re- 
search. It is handsomely printed, is embellished with portraits, family groups, 
and other fine illustrations. It is well indexed. 

The book on the Stephens